Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin was an English comic actor and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film. He became a worldwide icon through his screen persona, "The Tramp", is considered one of the most important figures in the history of the film industry, his career spanned more than 75 years, from childhood in the Victorian era until a year before his death in 1977, encompassed both adulation and controversy. Chaplin's childhood in London was one of poverty and hardship, as his father was absent and his mother struggled financially, he was sent to a workhouse twice before the age of nine; when he was 14, his mother was committed to a mental asylum. Chaplin began performing at an early age, touring music halls and working as a stage actor and comedian. At 19, he was signed to the prestigious Fred Karno company, he began appearing in 1914 for Keystone Studios. He soon formed a large fan base, he directed his own films and continued to hone his craft as he moved to the Essanay and First National corporations.
By 1918, he was one of the best-known figures in the world. In 1919, Chaplin co-founded the distribution company United Artists which gave him complete control over his films, his first feature-length film was The Kid, followed by A Woman of Paris, The Gold Rush, The Circus. He refused to move to sound films in the 1930s, instead producing City Lights and Modern Times without dialogue, he became political, his next film The Great Dictator satirized Adolf Hitler. The 1940s were a decade marked with controversy for Chaplin, his popularity declined rapidly, he was accused of communist sympathies, while he created scandal through his involvement in a paternity suit and his marriages to much younger women. An FBI investigation was opened, Chaplin was forced to leave the United States and settle in Switzerland, he abandoned the Tramp in his films, which include Monsieur Verdoux, Limelight, A King in New York, A Countess from Hong Kong. Chaplin wrote, produced, starred in, composed the music for most of his films.
He was a perfectionist, his financial independence enabled him to spend years on the development and production of a picture. His films are characterized by slapstick combined with pathos, typified in the Tramp's struggles against adversity. Many contain political themes, as well as autobiographical elements, he received an Honorary Academy Award for "the incalculable effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this century" in 1972, as part of a renewed appreciation for his work. He continues to be held in high regard, with The Gold Rush, City Lights, Modern Times, The Great Dictator ranked on lists of the greatest films of all time. Charles Spencer Chaplin was born on 16 April 1889 to Charles Chaplin Sr.. There is no official record of his birth, although Chaplin believed he was born at East Street, Walworth, in South London, his mother and father had married four years at which time Charles Sr. became the legal guardian of Hannah's illegitimate son, Sydney John Hill. At the time of his birth, Chaplin's parents were both music hall entertainers.
Hannah, the daughter of a shoemaker, had a brief and unsuccessful career under the stage name Lily Harley, while Charles Sr. a butcher's son, was a popular singer. Although they never divorced, Chaplin's parents were estranged by around 1891; the following year, Hannah gave birth to a third son – George Wheeler Dryden – fathered by the music hall entertainer Leo Dryden. The child was taken by Dryden at six months old, did not re-enter Chaplin's life for 30 years. Chaplin's childhood was fraught with poverty and hardship, making his eventual trajectory "the most dramatic of all the rags to riches stories told" according to his authorised biographer David Robinson. Chaplin's early years were spent with his mother and brother Sydney in the London district of Kennington; as the situation deteriorated, Chaplin was sent to Lambeth Workhouse. The council housed him at the Central London District School for paupers, which Chaplin remembered as "a forlorn existence", he was reunited with his mother 18 months before Hannah was forced to readmit her family to the workhouse in July 1898.
The boys were promptly sent to another institution for destitute children. In September 1898, Hannah was committed to Cane Hill mental asylum – she had developed a psychosis brought on by an infection of syphilis and malnutrition. For the two months she was there and his brother Sydney were sent to live with their father, whom the young boys scarcely knew. Charles Sr. was by a severe alcoholic, life there was bad enough to provoke a visit from the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. Chaplin's father died two years at 38 years old, from cirrhosis of the liver. Hannah entered a period of remission but, in May 1903, became ill again. Chaplin 14, had the task of taking his mother to the infirmary, from where she was sent back to Cane Hill, he lived alone for several days, searching for food and sleeping rough, until Sydney – who had enrolled in the Navy two years earlier – returned. Hannah was released from the asylum eight months but in March 1905, her illness returned, this time permanently.
"There was nothing we could do but accept poor mother's fate", Chaplin wrote, a
A Night in the Show
A Night in the Show was Charlie Chaplin's 12th film for Essanay. It was made at Majestic Studio in Los Angeles the fall of 1915. Chaplin played two roles: one as one as Mr. Rowdy; the film was created from Chaplin's stage work from a play called Mumming Birds with the Karno Company from London. Chaplin performed this play during his U. S. decided to bring some of this play to his film work. Edna Purviance played a minor role as a lady in the audience. Mr. Pest tries several theatre seats before winding up in front in a fight with the conductor and the entire cast of an evening variety show. Charles Chaplin - Mr. Pest and Mr. Rowdy Edna Purviance - Lady in the Stalls with Beads Charlotte Mineau - Lady in the Stalls Dee Lampton - Fat Boy Leo White - Frenchman/Negro in Balcony Wesley Ruggles - Second Man in Balcony Front Row John Rand - Orchestra Conductor James T. Kelley - Trombone Player and Singer Paddy McGuire - Feather Duster/Clarinet Player May White - Fat Lady and Dancer Phyllis Allen - Lady in Audience Fred Goodwins - Gentleman in Audience Charles Inslee - Tuba Player A Night in the Show on YouTube A Night in the Show on IMDb A Night in the Show is available for free download at the Internet Archive
The Adventurer (1917 film)
The Adventurer is an American short comedy film made in 1917 written and directed by Charlie Chaplin, is the last of the twelve films made under contract for the Mutual Film Corporation. Charlie Chaplin plays an escaped convict from the state penitentiary who, clad in his striped prison uniform, is on the run from prison guards, he skillfully and athletically manages to elude a handful of guards at a rocky seashore making his escape by entering the water. Charlie opportunistically happens upon a man in a rowboat, preparing for a swim. Charlie heads to shore, he hears cries for help as a woman, her mother, the woman's suitor have all fallen into the water and are poor swimmers. Charlie rescues them all, but carelessly allows the enormous suitor to fall back into the water while he is attempting to carry him on a stretcher. Charlie rescues him once again. Charlie wakes up in a bedroom in the lavish home of her mother, he is wearing striped pajamas and for a moment he believes he is back in prison.
He is given a set of evening clothes to wear to a party. Charlie's luck begins to run out, however; the girl's father turns out to be the judge. Charlie looks vaguely familiar to the judge; the suitor, now miffed at Charlie because of the attention the girl is giving him, sees Charlie's photo in a newspaper as a prison escapee. Meanwhile, a house employee is feeding her beau a meal in the kitchen; the suitor summons the authorities who pursue Charlie on a merry chase up and down the two-story house where Charlie's acrobatic skills save him from arrest several times. Just as it looks like Charlie will be apprehended, he cleverly escapes again and the chase is renewed; the film stars Henry Bergman and Albert Austin, marked the final film of his co-star Eric Campbell who died on December 20, 1917 in a drunk driving accident. Campbell, 37 at the time of his death, had appeared in 11 comedies with Chaplin in 1916 and 1917. Toraichi Kono, Chaplin's personal chauffeur for many years, plays a small part in the film.
He was aptly cast as the chauffeur of her mother. Charles Chaplin - The Convict Edna Purviance - The Girl Eric Campbell - The Suitor Henry Bergman - The Father Albert Austin - The Butler Marta Golden - The Girl's Mother May White - Lady A re-release of the film inspired this enthusiastic review in the August 16, 1920 New York Times; this was written during a period in which Chaplin's film output was nonexistent. "On the Rivoli program, at the Rialto, is a Chaplin revival. The Adventurer, which makes one wish, between laughs, that the screen's best comedian would get to work and do what everyone knows he is capable of. There is a slap-stick coarse humor in The Adventurer, but some of Chaplin's most irresistible pantomime." In 1932, Amedee Van Beuren of Van Beuren Studios, purchased Chaplin's Mutual comedies for $10,000 each, added music by Gene Rodemich and Winston Sharples and sound effects, re-released them through RKO Radio Pictures. Chaplin had no legal recourse to stop the RKO release. List of American films of 1917 Charlie Chaplin filmography The short film The Adventurer is available for free download at the Internet Archive The Adventurer on IMDb The Adventurer on YouTube
Fremont is a city in Alameda County, United States. It was incorporated on January 23, 1956, from the annexing of Centerville, Irvington, Mission San José, Warm Springs; the city is named after John C. Frémont, an American explorer and former US Senator from California, Governor from Arizona, Major General in the Union Army, the first Republican presidential candidate, in 1856. Located in the southeast San Francisco Bay Area and straddling both the East Bay and South Bay regions, Fremont has a rapidly-growing population of around 230,000, it is one of the largest cities by land area and the fourth most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area, behind San Jose, San Francisco, Oakland. It directly borders and is the closest East Bay city to Silicon Valley as formally defined, is thus associated with it; the city has an extensive and expanding base of both tech industry and workers. The area consisting of Fremont and the cities of Newark and Union City is known collectively as the Tri-City Area.
The recorded history of the Fremont area began on June 6, 1795, when Mission San José was founded by the Spaniard Father Fermin de Lasuen. The Mission was established at the site of the Ohlone village of Oroysom. On their second day in the area, the Mission party killed a grizzly bear in Niles Canyon; the first English-speaking visitor to Fremont was the renowned trapper and explorer Jedediah Smith in 1827. The Mission prospered reaching a population of 1,887 inhabitants in 1831; the influence of the missionaries declined after 1834, when the Mexican government enacted secularization. José de Jesus Vallejo, brother of Mariano Vallejo, was the grantee of the Rancho Arroyo de la Alameda Mexican land grant, his family was influential in the Fremont area in the late colonial era, owned and built a flour mill at the mouth of Niles Canyon. In 1846 the town's namesake John C. Frémont led a military expedition to map a trail through Mission Pass for reaching the Pacific coast and to take possession of California from Mexico for the United States.
The Fremont area grew at the time of the California Gold Rush. A town called Mission San José grew up around the old mission, with its own post office from 1850. Agriculture dominated the economy with nursery plants and olives as leading crops. In 1868 the 6.8-magnitude Hayward earthquake on the Hayward Fault collapsed buildings throughout the Fremont area, ruining Mission San José and its outbuildings. Until the 1906 San Francisco earthquake caused its destruction, the Fremont area's Palmdale Winery was the largest in California; the ruins of the Palmdale Winery are still visible near the Five Corners in Irvington. From 1912 to 1915 the Niles section of the Fremont area was the earliest home of California's motion picture industry. Charlie Chaplin filmed several movies in the Fremont area, most notably The Tramp. Fremont was incorporated under the leadership of Wally Pond in 1956, when five towns in the area, Centerville, Mission San José, Warm Springs came together to form a city. Glenmoor Gardens, the largest subdivision in Fremont, was under construction in the area, by developers Ralph E. Cotter, Jr. James R. Meyer, civil engineer Fred T. Duvall, contractors James L. Reeder, Robert H. Reeder.
When the Glenmoor Gardens Homeowners Association was incorporated, in March 1953, there were no more than 75 houses in the subdivision. It was the first such organization in the Fremont area; the five-member board of directors was set up to oversee a full range of services, from police and fire protection to street maintenance. Fremont became more industrialized between 1953 and 1962. A boom in high-tech employment in the 1980s to the late 1990s in the Warm Springs District, caused rapid development in the city and linked the city with the Silicon Valley; the Apple factory where the first Mac computer was manufactured was located in Fremont. Other semiconductor and telecommunications firms soon opened in the city, including Cirrus Logic, Asyst Technologies, Mattson Technology, Lam Research, Premisys Communications, Nextlink California. 750 high tech companies had offices, headquarters or production facilities in Fremont by 1999. These firms included fifteen of the top one hundred fastest-growing public companies in the San Francisco Bay Area and eighteen of the top fifty companies in the East Bay.
The high-tech growth in Fremont is a major industry for the city. The General Motors automotive assembly plant in South Fremont was the town's largest employer, Fremont was known for its drag strip. In the 1980s, the plant became a joint venture automotive assembly plant of Toyota and General Motors, was renamed NUMMI. Toyota and NUMMI shut down its operations in early 2010. Part of the plant was acquired in June 2010 by Tesla Motors as its primary production plant, known as the Tesla Factory. Solyndra, a solar panel manufacturer, was promoted in 2010 by President Barack Obama as a model for government investment in green technology after his administration approved a $535-million Department of Energy loan guarantee and the company built a $733 million state-of-the-art robotic facility, but in 2011 the company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and laid-off 1,000 workers. Data storage company Seagate Technology, incorporated in the Republic of Ireland with executive offices in Cupertino, acquired the former Solyndra building.
The first Fremont post office o
The Count (film)
The Count is Charlie Chaplin's fifth film for Mutual Film Corporation in 1916. Released on September 4, it co-starred Edna Purviance; the tailor's handyman burns a count's trousers while is fired. His superior discovers a note explaining the count can't attend a party, dresses up like one to take his place. Chaplin goes to the residence hosting the party, but runs into the tailor, they both struggle to win the fair maiden, Miss Moneybags. Soon, Charlie is distracted by a gypsy girl and the tailor must fend off other suitors; the real Count arrives, learns of the imposters and calls the police. Chaplin scampers away to safety; the Count received this positive review from the Chicago Tribune: "It has story and spontaneity. The fun is not forced--it just bubbles out. A good deal of the originality utter respectability; some squeamish folks may take exception to Mr. Chaplin holding his nose while eating strong cheese, scratching is head with a fork, washing his ears with watermelon juice at the table.
But these vulgarities pass and can be forgotten in the stress of the high comedy of the soup and the dance. Mr. Chaplin has his capacity for serious playing, but he is foremost as a clown and here he clowns superbly." Charles Chaplin - Tailor's apprentice Edna Purviance - Miss Moneybags Eric Campbell - Tailor Leo White - Count Broko Charlotte Mineau - Mrs. Moneybags Albert Austin - Tall Guest John Rand - Guest Leota Bryan - Young Girl Frank J. Coleman - Policeman James T. Kelley - Butler Eva Thatcher - Cook Tiny Sandford - Guest Loyal Underwood - Small Guest May White - Large Lady In 1932, Amedee Van Beuren of Van Beuren Studios, purchased Chaplin's Mutual comedies for $10,000 each, added music by Gene Rodemich and Winston Sharples and sound effects, re-released them through RKO Radio Pictures. Chaplin had no legal recourse to stop the RKO release. Charlie Chaplin filmography The short film The Count is available for free download at the Internet Archive The Count on IMDb
The Kid (1921 film)
The Kid is a 1921 American silent comedy-drama film written by, produced by, directed by, starring Charlie Chaplin, features Jackie Coogan as his adopted son and sidekick. This was Chaplin's first full-length film as a director, it was a huge success, was the second-highest-grossing film in 1921, behind The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse. In 2011, The Kid was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant." Innovative in its combination of comedic and dramatic elements, The Kid is considered one of the greatest films of the silent era. An unknown woman leaves a charity hospital carrying her newborn son. An artist, the apparent father, is shown with the woman's photograph; when it falls into the fireplace, he first picks it up throws it back in to burn up. The woman decides to abandon her child in the back seat of an expensive automobile with a handwritten note imploring the finder to care for and love the baby.
However, the car is stolen. When the two thieves discover the child, they leave him on the street; the Tramp finds the baby. Unwilling at first to take on the responsibility, he softens and names the boy John. Elsewhere, the woman has an apparent change of heart and returns for the baby, but is heartbroken and faints upon learning of the baby having been taken away. Five years pass, the child becomes the Tramp's partner in minor crime, throwing stones to break windows that the Tramp, working as a glazier, can repair. Meanwhile, the woman becomes a wealthy star, she does charity work among the poor to fill the void left by her missing child. By chance, the mother and child do not recognize each other; when the boy becomes sick, a doctor comes to see him. He discovers; the Tramp shows him the note left by the mother, but the doctor takes it and notifies the authorities. Two men come to take the boy to an orphanage, but after a fight and a chase, the Tramp regains the boy; when the woman comes back to see how the boy is doing, the doctor tells her what has happened shows her the note, which she recognizes.
Now fugitives, the Tramp and the boy spend the night in a flophouse, but the manager, having read of the $1,000 reward offered for the child, takes him to the police station to be united with his ecstatic mother. When the Tramp wakes up, he searches frantically for the missing boy returns to doze beside the now-locked doorway to their humble home. In his sleep, he enters "Dreamland," with angels in devilish interlopers, he is awakened by a policeman, who places rides with him to a house. When the door opens, the woman and John emerge, reuniting son; the policeman, happy for the family, shakes the Tramp's hand and leaves, before the woman welcomes the Tramp into her home. Charlie Chaplin as The Tramp Jackie Coogan as The Child Edna Purviance as The Woman Carl Miller as The ManUncredited Tom Wilson as The Policeman Henry Bergman as Night shelter keeper / Professor Guido Charles Reisner as Neighborhood bully Raymond Lee as Bully's little brother Lita Grey as Flirtatious Angel Jules Hanft as the country doctor Frank Campeau as Welfare officer F. Blinn as Welfare officer's assistant Jack H. Coogan Jr. as Pickpocket / Guest / Devil Esther Ralston as Extra in the Heaven Scene Granville Redmond as The Man's friend May White as Edna's maid Silas Hathaway as Infant The Kid, the last surviving cast member Albert Austin as Man in Shelter/The Car Thief The Kid is notable for combining comedy and drama.
As the opening title says: "A picture with a smile—and a tear." The most famous and enduring sequence in the film is the Tramp's desperate rooftop pursuit of the agents from the orphanage who had taken the child, their emotional reunion. The film made Coogan a vaudeville performer, into the first major child star of the movies. Many of the Chaplin biographers have attributed the relationship portrayed in the film to have resulted from the death of Chaplin's firstborn infant son just ten days before the production began; the portrayal of poverty and the cruelty of welfare workers are directly reminiscent of Chaplin's own childhood in London. Several of the street scenes were filmed on Los Angeles's famed Olvera Street 10 years before it was converted into a Mexican-themed tourist attraction. After production was completed in 1920, the film was caught up in the divorce actions of Chaplin's first wife Mildred Harris, who sought to attach Chaplin's assets. Chaplin and his associates smuggled the raw negative to Salt Lake City and edited the film in a room at the Hotel Utah.
Before releasing the film Chaplin negotiated for and received an enhanced financial deal for the film with his distributor, First National Corporation, based on the success of the final film. Twelve-year-old Lita Grey, who portrays an angel in the film, was Chaplin's second wife from 1924 to 1927. In 1971, Chaplin edited and reissued the film and he composed a new musical score. Chaplin and co-star Coogan met for the last time in 1972, some 51 years after The Kid was first released, it was during Chaplin's brief return to America to receive an honorary Academy Award for his lifetime contribution to cinema. The Kid was acclaimed by film critics upon its release. A reviewer from Theatre Magazine glowingly wrote, " new picture, The Kid outdoes in humor and the special brand of Chaplin pathos anything this popular film star has yet produced. There are as many tears a