A rock festival is a large-scale rock music concert, featuring multiple acts performing an diverse range of rock music including heavy metal, alternative and related genres. As conceived in the mid to late 1960s, rock festivals were held outdoors in open rural areas or open-air sports arenas and parks lasted two or more days, featured long rosters of musical performers, attracted large crowds, sometimes numbering several hundred thousand people; some of the earliest rock festivals were built on the foundation of pre-existing jazz and blues festivals, but evolved to reflect the changing musical tastes of the time. For example, the United Kingdom's National Jazz Festival was launched in Richmond from August 26–27, 1961; the first three of these annual outdoor festivals featured only jazz music, but by the fourth "Jazz & Blues Festival" in 1964, a shift had begun that incorporated some blues and pop artists into the lineup. In 1965, for the first time the event included more blues and rock acts than jazz, by 1966, when the event moved to the town of Windsor, the rock and pop acts dominated the jazz artists.
A similar, though more rapid, evolution occurred with Jazz Bilzen, a jazz festival, inaugurated in 1965 in the Belgian city of Bilzen. The 1966 festival still featured jazz acts. However, by the time of the third festival from August 25–27, 1967, rock and pop acts had edged out most of the jazz bands and become the main attraction. In the United States, rock festivals seemed to spring up with a more self-defined musical identity. Preceded by several precursor events in the San Francisco area, the first two rock festivals in the US were staged in northern California on consecutive weekends in the summer of 1967: the KFRC Fantasy Fair & Magic Mountain Music Festival on Mount Tamalpais and the Monterey International Pop Festival; the concept caught fire and spread as rock festivals took on a unique identity and attracted significant media attention around the world. By 1969, promoters were staging dozens of them. According to Bill Mankin, in their dawning age rock festivals were important socio-cultural milestones: "… it would not be an exaggeration to say that, over a few short years, rock festivals played a unique, significant – and underappreciated – role in fueling the countercultural shift that swept not only America but many other countries.
It seems fitting… that one of the most enduring labels for the entire generation of that era was derived from a rock festival: the ‘Woodstock Generation’."Reflecting their musical diversity and the then-common term ‘pop music’, for the first few years in the US, many rock festivals were called ‘pop festivals’. This served to distinguish them among the ticket-buying public from other, pre-existing types of music festivals such as jazz and folk festivals. By the end of 1972, the term ‘pop festival’ had disappeared as festival promoters adopted more creative and location-specific names to identify and advertise their events. While it was still in vogue, over-zealous promoters eager to capitalize on the festival concept made the most of it, with some using the term "Pop Festival" or "Rock Festival" to advertise events held on a single day or evening indoors, featuring only a handful of acts. Today, rock festivals are still open-air concerts spread out over several days. Many are annual events sponsored by the same organization, many feature a single type or related genres of music such as dance, electronic, or heavy metal.
Production and financing Several of the early rock festival organizers of the 1960s such as Chet Helms, Tom Rounds, Alex Cooley and Michael Lang helped create the blueprint for large-scale rock festivals in the United States, as well promoters such as Wally Hope in the United Kingdom. In various countries, the organizers of rock festivals have faced legal action from authorities, in part because such festivals have attracted large counterculture elements. In 1972, Mar Y Sol Pop Festival in Manatí, Puerto Rico attracted an estimated 30-35,000 people, an arrest warrant was issued for promoter Alex Cooley, who avoided arrest by leaving the island before the festival was over. British Free Festival organizers Ubi Dwyer and Sid Rawle were imprisoned for attempting to promote a 1975 Windsor Festival, the British police would outright attack free festival attendees at the 1985 Battle of the Beanfield. Festivals may require millions of USD to be organized, with the money gathered through fundraising and angel investors.
Stages and sound systems While rock concerts feature a small lineup of rock bands playing a single stage, rock festivals grow large enough to require several stages or venues with live bands playing concurrently. Some of these stages may in turn become known and large enough to be seen as festivals themselves, such as The Glade at the famous Glastonbury Festival in England; as rock music has been fused with other genres, sometimes stages will be devoted to a specific genre, such as folk rock or reggae. Some festivals such as SXSW hold smaller concurrent concerts throughout a city. Advances in sound reinforcement systems beginning in the 1960s enabled larger and larger rock festival audiences to hear the performers' music with much better clarity and volume; the best example was the pioneering work of Bill Hanley, known as the "father of festival sound", who provided the sound systems for numerous rock festivals including Woodstock. Other examples included the Wall of Sound invented in the 1970s to allow the Grateful Dead to play to larger audiences, mobile sound systems such as those maintained by the Merry Pranksters, wh
Taste of Chaos
Taste of Chaos was a live music tour, started in the winter of 2005 by Kevin Lyman, the creator of the successful Warped Tour along with his friend and business partner, John Reese. The Taste Of Chaos tour catered to fans of the post-hardcore, pop punk and metalcore genres, while offering the same low ticket price and festival-style format as the Warped Tour. In 2007, each of the seven bands playing the entire tour was a Warped Tour veteran: five had played the 2006 Warped Tour and two had played TOC previously. Taste of Chaos has been called the "Winter Warped Tour" since dates run from October through April of the next year; the tour was successful in 2005 for many of the same reasons as its summer counterpart, including cheap tickets and major bands of the genres. In the fall of 2005, the tour became international with The Used, Story of the Year, Rise Against playing in Australia and Asia; the 2008 lineup was the first to feature Japanese bands, them being Mucc, D'espairsRay and The Underneath.
In 2010, Taste of Chaos founder John Reese stated that although the tour was successful internationally, it had "run its course in America" and would be replaced by the Uproar Festival. Reese stated that the replacement was due to, "running out of bands that fit within the profile of what Taste of Chaos was." Uproar will feature hard rock bands and will begin shortly after the heavy metal tour Mayhem Festival in August 2010. Kevin Lyman expects the tour to continue in Europe, is unsure if it will return to the US. For the first time since the tour began, Taste of Chaos had no dates in 2011. On June 18, 2015, it was announced that Taste of Chaos would return with its first festival in five years; the festival took place on October 3 at the San Manuel Amphitheater in California. It was at a Taste of Chaos show in Orlando, FL, that Fueled By Ramen representative John Janick first saw Paramore, which led to them signing their first major recording contract. Ernie Ball International Battle Of The Bands started in 2006, to get popular upcoming small and unsigned bands to play the Taste of Chaos shows in their local towns across many of the tour dates.
Fans determine which band is able to win by voting for all bands though the Ernie Ball International Battle Of The Bands Website. The Top 20 Bands in each city, by way of votes will be reviewed by a panel of judges who will select One band out of the top 20 to play live in their hometown on Taste of Chaos Tour; the Top 20 vote getting bands in each city will be reviewed by the judges. One band will be selected based on the following indicators: Musicianship Ability to Draw in a Live Setting. Kevin Lyman - Founder of the Vans Warped Tour, Co-Founder of the Rockstar Taste of Chaos Tour. John Reese, Co-Founder of the Rockstar Taste of Chaos, Manager of The Used, Story of the Year. Sterling Ball - CEO of Ernie Ball Inc. Brian Ball - Marketing and Artist Relations for Ernie Ball Inc. Dustin Hinz - Promotions / Marketing for Guitar Center Inc. Brett Woitunski - CEO and Founder of purevolume.com John Oakes - Vice President of Freeze Artist Management and Co-Founder of Chaos Mobile Mike Kelso - Music Marketing Director for Rockstar Energy Drink.
Kevin Scoles - Artist Relations/Events Marketing Ernie Ball Inc. Taste of Chaos tours were conducted annually in 2005 through 2010 again in 2015 and 2016; as does the Warped Tour with their compilations, the Taste Of Chaos tour releases compilations of the bands that are on the tour. Taste of Chaos Taste of Christmas The Best of Taste of Chaos The Best of Taste of Chaos Two. Live Review of April 2006 Calgary, AB, Canada Concert by Chris Andrade for kMNR... Music News Weekly Review of April 2008 Los Angeles, CA Concert by Winnie Jaing for LA. Cityzine Official website Myspace AU & NZ TOC Myspace UK Myspace Exclusive Interview with Kevin Lyman, founder of Taste of Chaos, at TrulyHollywood.com. Ernie ball battle of the bands
Hard rock is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music that began in the mid-1960s, with the garage and blues rock movements. It is typified by a heavy use of aggressive vocals, distorted electric guitars, bass guitar and accompanied with keyboards. Hard rock developed into a major form of popular music in the 1970s, with notable bands such as AC/DC, the Who, Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple, Aerosmith and Van Halen. During the 1980s, some hard rock bands moved away from their hard rock roots and more towards pop rock, while others began to return to a hard rock sound. Established bands made a comeback in the mid-1980s and it reached a commercial peak in the 1980s, with glam metal bands like Bon Jovi and Def Leppard and the rawer sounds of Guns N' Roses, which followed up with great success in the part of that decade. Hard rock began losing popularity with the commercial success of R&B, hip-hop, urban pop and Britpop in the 1990s. Despite this, many post-grunge bands adopted a hard rock sound and in the 2000s there came a renewed interest in established bands, attempts at a revival, new hard rock bands that emerged from the garage rock and post-punk revival scenes.
Out of this movement came garage rock bands like the White Stripes, the Strokes, Interpol and on, the Black Keys. In the 2000s, only a few hard rock bands from the 1970s and 1980s managed to sustain successful recording careers. Hard rock is a form of aggressive rock music; the electric guitar is emphasised, used with distortion and other effects, both as a rhythm instrument using repetitive riffs with a varying degree of complexity, as a solo lead instrument. Drumming characteristically focuses on driving rhythms, strong bass drum and a backbeat on snare, sometimes using cymbals for emphasis; the bass guitar works in conjunction with the drums playing riffs, but providing a backing for the rhythm and lead guitars. Vocals are growling, raspy, or involve screaming or wailing, sometimes in a high range, or falsetto voice. Hard rock has sometimes been labelled cock rock for its emphasis on overt masculinity and sexuality and because it has been predominantly performed and consumed by men: in the case of its audience white, working-class adolescents.
In the late 1960s, the term heavy metal was used interchangeably with hard rock, but began to be used to describe music played with more volume and intensity. While hard rock maintained a bluesy rock and roll identity, including some swing in the back beat and riffs that tended to outline chord progressions in their hooks, heavy metal's riffs functioned as stand-alone melodies and had no swing in them. Heavy metal took on "darker" characteristics after Black Sabbath's breakthrough at the beginning of the 1970s. In the 1980s it developed a number of subgenres termed extreme metal, some of which were influenced by hardcore punk, which further differentiated the two styles. Despite this differentiation, hard rock and heavy metal have existed side by side, with bands standing on the boundary of, or crossing between, the genres; the roots of hard rock can be traced back to the 1950s electric blues, which laid the foundations for key elements such as a rough declamatory vocal style, heavy guitar riffs, string-bending blues-scale guitar solos, strong beat, thick riff-laden texture, posturing performances.
Electric blues guitarists began experimenting with hard rock elements such as driving rhythms, distorted guitar solos and power chords in the 1950s, evident in the work of Memphis blues guitarists such as Joe Hill Louis, Willie Johnson, Pat Hare, who captured a "grittier, more ferocious electric guitar sound" on records such as James Cotton's "Cotton Crop Blues". Other antecedents include Link Wray's instrumental "Rumble" in 1958, the surf rock instrumentals of Dick Dale, such as "Let's Go Trippin'" and "Misirlou". In the 1960s, American and British blues and rock bands began to modify rock and roll by adding harder sounds, heavier guitar riffs, bombastic drumming, louder vocals, from electric blues. Early forms of hard rock can be heard in the work of Chicago blues musicians Elmore James, Muddy Waters, Howlin' Wolf, the Kingsmen's version of "Louie Louie" which made it a garage rock standard, the songs of rhythm and blues influenced British Invasion acts, including "You Really Got Me" by the Kinks, "My Generation" by the Who, "Shapes of Things" by the Yardbirds, "Inside Looking Out" by the Animals, " Satisfaction" by the Rolling Stones.
From the late 1960s, it became common to divide mainstream rock music that emerged from psychedelia into soft and hard rock. Soft rock was derived from folk rock, using acoustic instruments and putting more emphasis on melody and harmonies. In contrast, hard rock was most derived from blues rock and was played louder and with more intensity. Blues rock acts that pioneered the sound included Cream, the Jimi Hendrix Experience, the Jeff Beck Group. Cream, in songs like "I Feel Free" combined blues rock with pop and psychedelia in the riffs and guitar solos of Eric Clapton. Jimi Hendrix produced a form of blues-influenced psychedelic rock, which combined elements of jazz and rock and roll. From 1967 Jeff Beck brought lead guitar to new heights of technical virtuosity and moved blues rock in the direction of heavy rock with his band, the Jeff Beck Group. Dave Davies of the Kinks, Keith Richards of the Rolling Stones, Pete Townshend of the Who, Hendrix and Beck all pioneered the use of new guitar effects like phasing and distortion.
The Beatles began producing songs in the new
Extreme metal is a loosely defined umbrella term for a number of related heavy metal music subgenres that have developed since the early 1980s. It has been defined as a "cluster of metal subgenres characterized by sonic and visual transgression"; the term refers to a more abrasive, underground, non-commercialized style associated with the speed metal, thrash metal, black metal, death metal and doom metal genres. Hardcore punk has been considered an integral part of the development of extreme metal, in the case of song structure and speed, in every case other than doom metal. Extreme metal acts set themselves apart from traditional heavy metal acts, such as Iron Maiden, Judas Priest and Motörhead, by incorporating more abrasive musical characteristics such as higher tempos, increased aggression and a harsher extremity. In the majority of the world, extreme metal does not receive much radio-play or achieve high chart positions. Extreme metal's sonic excess is characterized by high levels of distortion, less focus on guitar solos and melody, emphasis on technical control, fast tempos.
Its thematic transgression can be found in more overt and/or serious references to Satanism and the darker aspects of human existence that are considered out of bounds or distasteful, such as death and war." "Visual transgression... medieval weaponry bloody/horrific artwork."According to ethnographer Keith Kahn-Harris, the defining characteristics of extreme metal can all be regarded as transgressive: the "extreme" traits noted above are all intended to violate or transgress given cultural, social or aesthetic boundaries. Kahn-Harris states that extreme metal can be "close to being... formless noise", at least to the uninitiated listener. He states that with extreme metal lyrics, they "offer no possibility of hope or redemption" and lyrics reference apocalyptic themes. Extreme metal lyrics describe Christianity as weak or submissive, many songs express misanthropic views such as "kill every thing". A small number of extreme metal bands and song lyrics make reference to far-right politics; the British band Venom are one of the first bands to venture into extreme metal territory, due to their ideological shift into themes of evil, the devil and hell.
Their first two albums, Welcome to Hell and Black Metal, are considered a major influence on thrash metal and extreme metal in general. This early work by Venom, in combination with bands like Discharge, The Exploited and Amebix as well as American hardcore punk brought integral elements into the budding extreme metal landscape at the time. In 1983, Metallica would release their debut album Kill'Em All, which fused elements of the new wave of British heavy metal with hardcore punk and the style of Motörhead, becoming the first thrash metal album, would be certified triple platinum. A few months Slayer would release their own thrash metal album Show No Mercy, influenced by the sounds of Venom, Judas Priest, Iron Maiden, Mercyful Fate; when extreme metal band Hellhammer first began making music, it was panned by critics, leading to the members forming Celtic Frost in its place, which proved influential on the progression of the genre. During this period, the line between extreme metal genres were blurred, as thrash metal bands such Slayer, Sodom and Kreator were integral to the first wave black metal scene.
The front cover of the Sarcófago's 1987 debut album, I. N. R. I. is regarded as a great influence on black metal's corpse paint style make-up. That record is considered one of the first wave black metal albums that helped shape the genre, their second album, The Laws of Scourge, was one of the first technical death metal records to be released. Black metal Death metal Doom metal Speed metal Thrash metal Subgenres of black metal Ambient black metal Folk black metal Industrial black metal Post-black metalBlackgaze Psychedelic black metal Symphonic black metal Subgenres of death metal Brutal death metal Industrial death metal Melodic death metal Slam death metal Symphonic death metal Technical death metal Subgenres of doom metal Epic doom Traditional doom Black-doomDepressive suicidal black metal Blackened death-doom Blackened death metalMelodic black-death War metal Blackened thrash metal Death-doomFuneral doom Deathrash Crossover thrash Crust punkBlackened crust GrindcoreBlackened grindcore Deathgrind Electrogrind Goregrind Noisegrind Pornogrind MetalcoreDeathcore Electronicore Mathcore Melodic metalcore Nu metalcore Progressive metalcore Sludge metal Black'n' roll Death'n' roll Gothic-doom Progressive doom Stoner metal Drone metal Pagan metal Viking metal Genres influenced by extreme metal but not considered extreme themselves: Avant-garde metal Funk metal, influenced by thrash metal Gothic metal, influenced by death-doom and doom metal Groove metal, influenced by thrash metal and death metal Neoclassical metal and power metal, influenced by speed metal and thrash metal Post-metal, influenced by doom metal and black metal Crocker, Chris.
Metallica: The Frayed Ends of Metal. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-08635-0
Anger Management Tour
The inaugural Anger Management Tour was founded and started in the fall of 2000 by Limp Bizkit, Papa Roach, after the release of The Marshall Mathers LP, Eminem. Targeted at both rap and rock fans, the first "Anger Management" outing took place in 2000. In the process of starting the large tour, Eminem wanted to include Nine Inch Nails into the list of artists, but Marilyn Manson joining the tour would raise the issues between him and Trent Reznor. Eminem decided to not ask Reznor to join the tour due to the friendship. Eminem came up with the name for the tour, being quoted in Rolling Stone saying "It's the perfect name for a tour like this, because most of the music featured in the tour is about anger and the bullshit of our lives and the fans loving every minute of it. It's the blend of hardcore rap, industrial metal, alternative metal that gives it the anger management feel, literally." In the first tour, most of the concerts were long, due to the number of artists that were chosen to headline the massive tour.
Many of the concerts were praised for the production value and how each artist played like it was their own tour. Many critics agreed that one of the great things about the concerts were that they felt like they were made up of mini concerts; the second tour took place in the summer of 2002. Eminem told LAUNCH, "It's the same thing that it was the last Anger Management Tour without Limp Bizkit... Papa Roach are still cool though." These concerts on the second tour were infamously just as long as the first time around, which in turn led to a controversial incident during a European Leg of the tour. During a stop in Milton Keynes, UK, fans grew restless and agitated at the prolonged'stage changeovers' between artists and proceeded to throw bottles of liquid at the stage, it is thought one of these bottles of liquid hit rapper Xzibit during his set, causing him to leave the stage having suffered a broken jaw. The bottle throwing incident in Milton Keynes was referenced by Eminem and D12 in a song titled'American Psycho 2', in which Em retorts'go find out who did that shit to Xzibit, fill up a whole liquor bottle of piss and shatter his fucking face' The third tour took place in the summer of 2005.
50 Cent missed the tour's first two stops because of a scheduling conflict. Ludacris filled in on those dates; the European part of the tour was cut short due to the exhaustion of tour founder Eminem and his addiction to sleeping pills. Eminem D12 Dr. Dre Snoop Dogg Obie Trice Xzibit Busta Rhymes 50 Cent Ice Cube Papa Roach Stat Quo G-Unit Mobb Deep Dina Rae M. O. P. Limp Bizkit Korn Marilyn Manson DMX Godsmack Sinistar Jay-Z Rob Zombie Ludacris Linkin Park Missy Elliott Rammstein Pitbull The X-Ecutioners Bionic Jive Cypress Hill Lil Jon & The East Side Boyz Hush Mase Akon Flipsyde 1st edition2nd editionEminem, Papa Roach, Xzibit, The X-Ecutioners and Bionic Jive 3rd editionCancellations and rescheduled shows In December 2012, it was confirmed that Eminem would perform at Slane Castle in Ireland on August 17, 2013, 8 years after cancelling the European part of the 2005 tour. In 2002 a DVD of the 2001 Anger Management Tour Europe was released and contains backstage footage with D12, Marilyn Manson, Dido.
All Access Europe was released on June 18, 2002. Track list "Hamburg" "Oslo" "Stockholm" "Amsterdam" "Brussels" "Paris" "Manchester" "London"In 2005 a DVD of the 2002 performance in Detroit, Michigan was released and features behind-the-scenes footage as well as Eminem's performance in its entirety and special guests D12 and Obie Trice. Eminem Presents the Anger Management Tour was released on July 4, 2005. Track list "Square Dance" "Business" "White America" "Kill You" "When the Music Stops" "Pimp Like Me" "Fight Music" "Purple Pills" "Stan" "The Way I Am" "Soldier" "Cleanin' Out My Closet" "Forgot About Dre" "Drips" "Superman" "Drug Ballad" "Just Don't Give a Fuck" "Sing for the Moment" "Without Me" "My Dad's Gone Crazy"In 2007 a DVD of the 2005 performance in New York City's Madison Square Garden was released and features Eminem's performance shot by Showcase Network in its entirety, plus special guests D12, Obie Trice, Stat Quo. In 2009, a BD of the same performance was released; this was the last performance to feature Proof before his death in 2006.
Eminem Live From New York was released on November 13, 2007. Track list "Backstage Pt. 1" "Evil Deeds" "Mosh" "Business" "Rain Man" "Ass Like That" "Puke" "Kill You" "Like Toy Soldiers" "Git' Up" "How Come" "Rockstar" "40 Oz" "My Band" "Backstage Pt. 2" "Stan" "The Way I Am" "Just Don't Give a Fuck" "Got Some Teeth" "Stay'Bout It" "The Setup" "Like Dat" "Cleanin' Out My Closet" "Mockingbird" "Just Lose It" "Backstage Pt. 3" "Lose Yourself"
The Area Festival was a music festival founded by popular electronic musician Moby, who asserted that he was "in large part, inspired by the ethos of Lollapalooza", wished to create a "genuinely eclectic, alternative music festival". Moby organized the first such festival, called Area:One in 2001, the sequel tour Area2, in 2002; the festival is on indefinite hiatus. The festival featured diverse genres of music. Besides headliner Moby, the main stage featured rock and pop acts; the second stage was an air-conditioned tent where electronic and smaller bands performed. The 2001 Area:One acts included Moby, OutKast, New Order, Carl Cox, Nelly Furtado, Paul Oakenfold, The Roots, The Orb and Rinôçérôse; the 2002 Area2 acts included Moby and David Bowie in alternating headlining slots: as well as Ash, Blue Man Group, Busta Rhymes. The festival featured a DJ tent with a rotating list of artists; the main sponsors for the tour were Intel, KMX, Pepsi. This concert in 2001 featured: Moby OutKast Kelis New Order Gwen Stefani Nelly Furtado Incubus The Roots Paul Oakenfold The Orb Carl Cox Rinôçérôse Timo Maas Kevin Saunderson Derrick May Juan AtkinsArea:One Tour Dates Area:One was a three-and-a-half-week touring festival in the Summer of 2001.
This concert in 2002 featured: Main Stage Moby David Bowie Billy Talent in Toronto Busta Rhymes Blue Man Group AshStage Two: Carl Cox John Digweed Tiësto DJ Dan The Avalanches Dieselboy DJ Tim Skinner Area was a three-week touring festival in the Summer of 2002. Moby, founder of the Area Festival. List of electronic music festivals Area2 Announcement from Moby Area festival find more... Area2 Photos and Writeup from ConcertWire Moby Says Area Festival Probably Won't Return In 2003 Moby Taps Busta, More For Area2 Bowie, Moby are Stars in Area2.
Mayhem Festival 2014
Mayhem Festival 2014 was the seventh annual Mayhem Festival. Dates were announced on February 18, 2014, lineup announced March 31, 2014. In a January 2014 video interview at NAMM, Korn guitarist James'Munky' Shaffer revealed that Korn and Avenged Sevenfold would headline the 2014 Mayhem Festival. On March 5, over 3 weeks ahead of the scheduled official announcement, nearly the entire lineup leaked. Avenged Sevenfold Korn Asking Alexandria Trivium Cannibal Corpse Suicide Silence Miss May I Mushroomhead Texas Hippie Coalition King 810 Black Tide Hell or Highwater Body Count Attika 7 Upon a Burning Body Veil of Maya Darkest Hour "Headbang For The Highway" Emmure Ill Niño Wretched Islander Erimha A number of the dates were scheduled to feature altered lineups: Denver Wantagh San Bernardino + Mountain View Houston Milwaukee featured 18 bands, but Avenged Sevenfold and Korn did not perform