Forward (association football)
Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing team's goal, are therefore most responsible for scoring goals. Their advanced position and limited defensive responsibilities mean forwards score more goals on behalf of their team than other players. Modern team formations include one to three forwards. Unconventional formations may include none; the traditional role of a centre-forward is to score the majority of goals on behalf of the team. The player may be used to win long balls or receive passes and retain possession of the ball with their back to goal as teammates advance, in order to provide depth for their team or help teammates score by providing a pass. Most modern centre-forwards operate in front of the second strikers or central attacking midfielders, do the majority of the ball handling outside the box; the present role of centre-forward is sometimes interchangeable with that of an attacking midfielder in the 4–3–1–2 or 4–1–2–1–2 formations.
The term "target man" is used to describe a particular type of striker whose main role is to win high balls in the air and create chances for other members of the team. These players are tall and physically strong, being adept at heading the ball; the term centre-forward is taken from the early football playing formation in which there were five forward players: two outside forwards, two inside forwards, one centre-forward. When numbers were introduced in the 1933 English FA Cup final, one of the two centre-forwards that day wore the number nine – Everton's Dixie Dean a strong, powerful forward who had set the record for the most goals scored in a season in English football during the 1927–28 season; the number would become synonymous with the centre-forward position. The role of a striker is rather different from that of a traditional centre-forward, although the terms centre-forward and striker are used interchangeably at times, as both play further up the field than other players, while tall and technical players, like Zlatan Ibrahimović, have qualities which are suited to both positions.
Like the centre-forward, the traditional role of a striker is to score goals. They are fast players with good ball control and dribbling abilities. More agile strikers like Michael Owen have an advantage over taller defenders due to their short bursts of speed. A good striker should be able to shoot confidently with either foot, possess great power and accuracy, have the ability to link-up with teammates and pass the ball under pressure in breakaway situations. While many strikers wear the number 9 shirt, the position, to a lesser degree, is associated with the number 10, worn by more creative deep-lying forwards such as Pelé, with numbers 7 and 11, which are associated with wingers. Deep-lying forwards have a long history in the game, but the terminology to describe their playing activity has varied over the years; such players were termed inside forwards, creative or deep-lying centre-forwards. More two more variations of this old type of player have developed: the second, or shadow, or support, or auxiliary striker and, in what is in fact a distinct position unto its own, the number 10, exemplified by Dennis Bergkamp.
Other number 10s who play further back, such as Diego Maradona and Zinedine Zidane, are described as an attacking midfielder or the playmaker. The second striker position is a loosely defined and most misapplied description of a player positioned somewhere between the out-and-out striker, whether he is a "target-man" or more of a "poacher", the Number 10 or attacking midfielder, while showing some of the characteristics of both. In fact, a term coined by French advanced playmaker Michel Platini, the "nine-and-a-half", which he used to describe Roberto Baggio's playing role, has been an attempt to become a standard in defining the position. Conceivably, a Number 10 can alternate as a second-striker provided that he is a prolific goalscorer. Second or support strikers do not tend to get as involved in the orchestration of attacks as the Number 10, nor do they bring as many other players into play, since they do not share the burden of responsibility, functioning predominantly as assist providers.
In Italy, this role is known as a "rifinitore" or "seconda punta", whereas in Brazil, it is known as "segundo atacante" or "ponta-de-lança". The position of inside forward was popularly used in the late nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries; the inside forwards would support the centre-forward and making space in the opposition defence, and, as the passing game developed, supporting him or her with passes. The role is broadly analogous to the "hole" or second striker position in the modern game, although here there were two such players, known as inside right and inside left. In early 2–3–5 formations the inside-forwards would flank the centre-forward on both sides. With the advent of
Zaire the Republic of Zaire, was the name of a sovereign state between 1971 and 1997 in Central Africa, now known as Democratic Republic of the Congo. The country was a one-party totalitarian dictatorship, run by Mobutu Sese Seko and his ruling Popular Movement of the Revolution party. Zaire was established following Mobutu's seizure of power in a military coup in 1965, following five years of political upheaval following independence known as the Congo Crisis. Zaire had a centralist constitution, foreign assets were nationalised; the period is sometimes referred to as the Second Congolese Republic. A wider campaign of Authenticité, ridding the country of the influences from the colonial era of the Belgian Congo, was launched under Mobutu's direction. Weakened by the end of American support after the end of the Cold War, Mobutu was forced to declare a new republic in 1990 to cope with demands for change. By the time of its downfall, Mobutu's rule was characterised by widespread cronyism and economic mismanagement.
Zaire collapsed in the 1990s, amid the destabilization of the eastern parts of the state in the aftermath of the Rwandan genocide and growing ethnic violence. In 1996, Laurent-Désiré Kabila, the head of the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo militia, led a popular rebellion against Mobutu. With rebel forces making gains beyond the east, Mobutu fled the country, leaving Kabila's forces in charge as the country restored its name to the Democratic Republic of the Congo the following year. Mobutu died within four months; the state's name, Zaire was derived from the name of the Congo River, sometimes called Zaire in Portuguese, adapted from the Kongo word nzere or nzadi. Congo seems to have replaced Zaire in English usage during the 18th century, Congo is the preferred English name in 19th-century literature, although references to Zahir or Zaire as the name used by the natives remained common. In 1965, as in 1960, the division of power in Congo-Léopoldville between President and Parliament led to a stalemate and threatened the country's stability.
Joseph-Désiré Mobutu again seized power. Unlike the first time, Mobutu assumed the presidency, rather than remaining behind the scenes. From 1965, Mobutu dominated the political life of the country, restructuring the state on more than one occasion, claiming the title of "Father of the Nation". When, under the authenticity policy of the early 1970s, Zairians were obliged to adopt "authentic" names, Mobutu dropped Joseph-Désiré and changed his name to Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu Wa Za Banga, or, more Mobutu Sésé Seko meaning "the all-conquering warrior, who goes from triumph to triumph". In retrospective justification of his 1965 seizure of power, Mobutu summed up the record of the First Republic as one of "chaos, disorder and incompetence". Rejection of the legacy of the First Republic went far beyond rhetoric. In the first two years of its existence, the new regime turned to the urgent tasks of political reconstruction and consolidation. Creating a new basis of legitimacy for the state, in the form of a single party, came next in Mobutu's order of priority.
A third imperative was to expand the reach of the state in the social and political realms, a process that began in 1970 and culminated in the adoption of a new constitution in 1977. By 1976, this effort had begun to generate its own inner contradictions, thus paving the way for the resurrection of a Bula Matari system. By 1967, Mobutu had consolidated his rule and proceeded to give the country a new constitution and a single party; the new constitution was submitted to popular referendum in June 1967 and approved by 98 percent of those voting. It provided that executive powers be centralised in the president, to be head of state, head of government, commander in chief of the armed forces and the police, in charge of foreign policy; the president was to appoint and dismiss cabinet members and determine their areas of responsibility. The ministers, as heads of their respective departments, were to execute the programs and decisions of the president; the president was to have the power to appoint and dismiss the governors of the provinces and the judges of all courts, including those of the Supreme Court of Justice.
The bicameral parliament was replaced by a unicameral legislative body called the National Assembly. Governors of provinces were no longer elected by provincial assemblies but appointed by the central government; the president had the power to issue autonomous regulations on matters other than those pertaining to the domain of law, without prejudice to other provisions of the constitution. Under certain conditions, the president was empowered to govern by executive order, which carried the force of law, but the most far-reaching change was the creation of the Popular Movement of the Revolution on 17 April 1967, marking the emergence of "the nation politically organised". Rather than being the emanation of the state, the state was henceforth defined as the emanation of the party. Thus, in October 1967 party and administrative responsibilities were merged into a single framework, thereby automatically extending the role of the party to all administrative organs at the central and provincial levels, as well as to the trade unions, youth movements, student organisations.
Every seven years, the MPR elected a president who began a seven-year term as president of the republic. Every five years, a single list of MPR candidates was ret
Franky Van der Elst
Franky Van der Elst is a Belgian retired footballer who played as a defensive midfielder, is a manager. During a 21-year professional career he played with Club Brugge, being regarded as a legend there and coaching the team in the 2000s, he was named by Pelé as one of the top 125 greatest living footballers, in March 2004. Van der Elst won 86 caps for the Belgium national team, representing the country in four World Cups and retiring at nearly 40 years of age. Born in Ninove, Van der Elst started his professional career at R. W. D. Molenbeek, earning his first call-up for Belgium in 1982. Two years he moved to Club Brugge KV and stayed there until he finished his career in 1999, going on to total over 500 overall appearances with the side. Van der Elst won the Golden Shoe twice in his career, an accomplishment for an eminently defensive-minded player, he appeared in four FIFA World Cups from 1986 to 1998, only scoring once for his country in nearly 90 matches, in a 2–2 friendly draw against Norway on 25 March 1998.
After retiring at the age of 38, Van der Elst was appointed as manager at K. F. C. Germinal Beerschot. After four successful years he was replaced by Marc Brys, subsequently joined K. S. C. Lokeren Oost-Vlaanderen. In 2005, Van der Elst returned to'his' Club Brugge, as an assistant, joining former teammates – both in club and country – Jan Ceulemans, Marc Degryse, Dany Verlinden and René Verheyen, he remained with the team when Verheyen and Ceulemans were fired in 2006, but was shown the door the following year, with head coach Emilio Ferrera. After a short spell with FC Brussels, Van der Elst moved to K. V. S. K. United Overpelt-Lommel, both clubs in the second level. Club Brugge Belgian Pro League: 1987–88, 1989–90, 1991–92, 1995–96, 1997–98 Belgian Cup: 1990–91, 1994–95, 1995–96 Belgian Supercup: 1988, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1996, 1998 Club Brugge archives Franky Van der Elst at National-Football-Teams.com Belgium stats at Eu-Football
Athlitiki Enosi Larissa F.C.
AEL Football Club known by its full name Athlitiki Enosi Larissa called AEL or Larissa, is a Greek association football club based in the city of Larissa, capital of Greece's Thessaly region. Founded in 1964, it is directly associated with the city of its representation; the club's emblem, is a rising horse and its colors are white. It is the only team outside the two major Greek cities to have won the Greek Championship in the season 1987–88. AEL has won the Greek Cup twice and came runners-up in the Cup finals of 1982 and 1984; this record places the club among the top teams in the history of Greek football. They play their home games at a newly built stadium with a capacity of 16,118 seats; the team competes in the Greek Super League, the first tier of the Greek football league system. Athletic Union of Larissa, The "Queen of Thessaly", the "Queen of the lowlands". AEL, is the club. One Championship, two cups, four finals and many important successes at European level compose the temporal profile of the top team of the Greek region.
AEL was created from a vision of a powerful team that will represent a city like Larisa in the top category. The 17 May 1964, is referred to as the exact date of its establishment, – after a barrage of meetings and discussions – held at the Municipal Conservatory of Larissa and a catalytic last meeting of the local county clubs, it was decided the merger of Iraklis Larissa, "Aris", "Toxotis" and "Larissaikos"; the Athletic Union of Larissa was now a reality, designed on the background of the Second Division, in shades of crimson and white... The conversion of the statute of Iraklis Larissa just a few days – on 22 May – and its adoption on 8 June, gave AEL status, while teams "Dimitra", "Doxa Emporoipalilon", "Pelasgiotida" and "Olympos" completed this football family. On 7 June, Alcazar Stadium, the team's first home ground, recorded the initial friendly game, against Panionios who -by that time- was a strong team, winning 2–1. Yugoslavian Alexander Petrovic, was the first foreign coach, hired to ensure the impartiality of the team lineup.
Thus, names of players like Zampas, Kyriakos, Papazoglou, Saltapidas, Delfos and many others, passed into the history of thessalian football. Everything was ready to start, under the administrative umbrella of a 15-member ecumenical council, composed of representatives of clubs and organizations of the city, in which the property was held by the former president of Iraklis Larissa, K. Tzovaridis. Examples of other Greek areas where mergers and establishment of strong teams brought directly impact and a promotion in the 1st Division, has created in advance an optimism which, did not materialize. At least, not directly; the team ends the season 1964–65 in the 5th place. The next year claimed the promotion again; the promotion was lost in a game on 8 May 1966 at Megara with the home side Vyzas opponent. During the entry of the team on the field, player Dimitrios Zambas was hit in the head by a ladder thrown from the stands and was taken to the hospital; the team with 10 players due to the elimination of Kyriakidis from the first quarter, with 3 of the 10 remaining players injured, had formal presence, was defeated 6–0).
Disappointment was soon made its appearance...Αlthough well-known coaches like Dionysis Minardos, Giannis Helmis and Giourkas Seitaridis the first, passed of the "steering wheel" of the team, the downturn seemed certain, leading in 1969 with mathematical precision, in the tail of the table... The relegation would be inevitable if the political conditions of the time – Greek military junta of 1967–1974 – and the fact that teams headed by powerful men were in the same predicament, brought changes in the status of Greek football.. Therefore, Kostas Aslanidis, Lieutenant Colonel and the Secretary General of Athletics, increased the 2 groups of the Second Division to 3 and thus AEL, Chania and Ionikos continued in the B' National. In Fact, there was a rationalization of the Second Division, by creating three groups of 16 teams, of which 15 will be relegated in the 3rd Division, but the effort was left unfinished. Because there has been no relegation and it was decided the next season each group to have 18 teams.
Otherwise, like the previous season, the winners of groups went to the final phase, which claimed the promotion in the 1st Division. The team indeed, with the entrance to the 1970s, the emergence of the administrative forefront of Kantonias family and a dramatic changing at liveware, managed to change the status; the coming of some experienced players such as Simantiris, Kyziroglou and Nikiforakis framed the talented Lakis Pagkarliotas and the others... 25–06–1972: It was the last game of the championship of the Second Division. AEL needed the victory to celebrate the promotion in the First National. In the Serres Municipal Stadium that day except the locals existed around 5000 guest fans from Larissa. AEL managed to precede with 0–1 but Panserraikos equalized with a disputed penalty. Soon riots appeared between the players on the court and generalized at the end of the ma
Eka Basunga Lokonda "Émile" Mpenza is a Belgian former footballer of Congolese descent who played as a striker. He has been capped at international level by Belgium, his older brother, was a footballer who represented Belgium. Mpenza started his career at K. V. Kortrijk, moved to R. E. Mouscron and Standard Liège in quick succession, with older brother Mbo playing alongside in all three clubs. In 2000, he moved in an exchange with Michaël Goossens. At Schalke he was successful together with his compatriot Marc Wilmots and other striker Ebbe Sand but they failed to win the German title on the last day of competition. Mpenza returned to Standard three years later. In 2004–05 he returned to Germany when Hamburger SV signed him for €2.5million.. However, in January 2006 he made a surprise move to Qatari team Al Rayyan. Mpenza signed for Manchester City, after playing and scoring in a specially arranged match at Eastlands on 14 February 2007. "I am not finished and I will prove it in Manchester", Mpenza told Belgian radio station Bel RTL.
"I make this move as revenge, with respect to all those who criticised my decision to play in Qatar". He made his debut against Wigan Athletic on 3 March 2007 as a half-time substitute replacing Georgios Samaras, he scored his first goal for the club in the 2–0 win at Middlesbrough on 17 March 2007, his second in the 1–0 victory at Newcastle United on 30 March. He scored once more in the 2006–07 season, away to Tottenham Hotspur on the last day of the season, as City lost 2–1. Having signed until the end of the 2007–08 season, Mpenza scored on City's first pre-season game of the 2007–08 season away to Doncaster Rovers, he would equalise against Fulham and put City ahead against Bristol City and Newcastle United. However, facing competition for his place from Rolando Bianchi, Valeri Bojinov and Elano, all signed by new City manager Sven-Göran Eriksson in summer 2007, Mpenza did not score again after September, was released in July 2008, he signed for Championship side Plymouth Argyle on 2 September 2008.
Mpenza went on to make his Argyle debut as a sub on 70 minutes in a 2–1 defeat to Norwich City on 13 September. He scored his first goal for the club against Charlton Athletic in a 2–2 draw, scored again in a 2–1 win over Cardiff City; however Mpenza's time at Plymouth Argyle was blighted by injury and therefore he was not offered a new contract. For the 2009–10 season, Mpenza signed a one-year contract with Swiss Topflight club FC Sion. Here he rediscovered his eye for goal by scoring 21 goals in 32 matches. In August 2010, Mpenza signed a three-year contract with Azerbaijan Premier League club Neftchi Baku, he left the club in January 2012. In June 2015, Neftchi Baku were ordered by FIFA to pay Mpenza €1 million in unpaid wages. After searching a club for over a year, Mpenza signed a one-year contract with Eendracht Aalst on 1 October 2013. Mpenza has been playing for the Belgium national football team since 1997, though he has been injured in times of international call-ups, he played alongside his brother Mbo in the 1998 World Cup and in Euro 2000 where he scored a goal in the opening match against Sweden, but missed out on the World Cup in 2002 with a groin injury.
FC Schalke 04 DFB-Pokal: 2000–01, 2001–02Hamburger SV UEFA Intertoto Cup: 2005Neftchi Baku' Azerbaijan Premier League: 2010–11 Belgian Young Professional Footballer of the Year: 1996–97 Belgian Ebony Shoe: 1997 Belgian Footballer of the Year in a Foreign Competition: 2000 Standard Liège Man of the Season: 2003–04 Émile Mpenza at Soccerbase Émile Mpenza at National-Football-Teams.com
Philippe Vande Walle
Philippe "Nic" vande Walle is a former Belgian football goalkeeper. His former clubs include FC Bruges, K. F. C. Germinal Ekeren, K. S. K. Lierse and Eendracht Aalst. Vande Walle was part of the Belgium national team for the 1998 World Cup. Philippe Vande Walle at WorldFootball.net
Marc Robert Wilmots is a Belgian international former footballer who last managed the Ivory Coast national football team. During his club career as attacking midfielder, he won trophies with KV Mechelen, Standard Liège and Schalke 04, he has been a politician, having sat in the Senate for two years for the Mouvement Réformateur party. In his club career, which started in 1987, Wilmots played for Sint-Truiden, Standard Liège, Schalke 04, Bordeaux. At Schalke, he helped them to the 1997 UEFA Cup Final, his goal in the first leg was cancelled out by Internazionale in the second leg, but Schalke went on to win the game on penalties, with Wilmots scoring the decisive goal. He retired after his second stint with Schalke. During his time with Schalke, the fans there gave him the affectionate nickname "Das Kampfschwein", picked up by some English language journalists. In Belgium he is known under an allusion to his birthplace. For Belgium, Wilmots scored 28 goals in 70 caps, his first coming in May 1990.
He went to four World Cups. After being an unused substitute in 1990, he played 54 minutes in 1994 without scoring, but scored two goals in 1998 and three in 2002, making him Belgium's leading goal scorer in World Cup history, he scored a goal against Brazil in the last 16 match of the 2002 World Cup, disallowed because of a "phantom foul" on Roque Júnior. According to Wilmots, the referee Peter Prendergast apologized for the error to him at half time. Wilmots was named as one of the seven reserves in the 2002 World Cup All-Star Team. Wilmots played in Euro 2000, when Belgium co-hosted the tournament. Scores and results list Belgium's goal tally first. Wilmots became a football manager in summer 2004 for Sint-Truidense, but was sacked in February 2005. Between 2009 and 2012, he served as assistant manager of the Belgium national team under Dick Advocaat and Georges Leekens. On 15 May 2012, following the exit of Leekens, Wilmots assumed the Belgium reins on an interim basis before going onto become permanent coach, signing a contract until June 2014.
On 11 October 2013, Belgium qualified for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Wilmots is credited with "not only giving the young group confidence in themselves as well as enjoying a close relationship with his players but at the same time being capable of instilling discipline to the squad." During the group stage, Belgium topped the group with all three wins, before exiting the tournament at the quarter-final stage. On 13 October 2015, Belgium won the group to qualify for the UEFA Euro 2016 in the last game of the stage against Israel. After a disappointing European Championship, Wilmots was fired by the Royal Belgian Football Association on 15 July 2016. After retiring as a footballer, Wilmots went into politics, he was elected to the Senate for the French-speaking conservative party, the Reformist Movement in the 2003 federal election. His political career is not considered successful. In 2005, he announced that he wanted to resign as a senator, a rather unconventional and criticized constitutional move.
As of match played 11 November 2017. MechelenBelgian First Division: 1988–89 European Super Cup: 1988Standard LiègeBelgian Cup: 1992–93Schalke 04DFB-Pokal: 2001–02 UEFA Cup: 1996–97IndividualBelgian Young Professional Footballer of the Year: 1989–90 FIFA World Cup All-Star Team: 2002 IndividualBelgian Coach of the Year: 2013, 2014 Globe Soccer Awards Best Coach of the Year: 2015 Witzig, Richard; the Global Art of Soccer. Harahan: CusiBoy Publishing. ISBN 0-9776688-0-0