The McClatchy Company referred to as McClatchy, is an American publishing company based in Sacramento and incorporated in Delaware. It operates 29 daily newspapers in fourteen states and has an average weekday circulation of 1.6 million and Sunday circulation of 2.4 million. In 2006, it purchased Knight Ridder, which at the time was the second-largest newspaper company in the United States. In addition to its daily newspapers, McClatchy operates several websites and community papers, as well as a news agency, McClatchyDC, focused on political news from Washington, D. C. In February 2020 the company filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy, intending to reorganize and complete the bankruptcy process within a few months; the company originated with The Daily Bee, first published in Sacramento, California, on February 3, 1857, by Native American writer Rollin Ridge. James McClatchy took over as editor. Known as a supporter of the people's interests against corporations and corrupt politicians, McClatchy made The Bee a bastion of progressive reformism.
Upon McClatchy's death in 1883, the paper's leadership passed to James' son, Charles Kenny McClatchy, who with his brother Valentine Stuart, bought out the Ridge family's interests. The two modernized the paper with the formation of McClatchy Newspapers through the founding of the Fresno Bee, acquisition of the Modesto Bee. C. K. McClatchy's legacy to the region has been memorialized in the C. K. McClatchy High School in Sacramento, which opened in 1937, about a year after his death. For most of its history, the company was focused on the newspaper business in California's Sacramento Valley and San Joaquin Valley. In 1978, the 4th generation Carlos K. McClatchy took over the company and guided the media company toward the modern publicly owned The McClatchy Company through further acquisitions of out-of-state newspapers, Anchorage Daily News in Anchorage and the Tri-City Herald in Kennewick, Washington. McClatchy acquired then-ABC affiliate KOVR from Metromedia in 1963; the company's own Modesto Bee reported the sale of the station.
It today exists as a CBS owned-and-operated station. In 1990, McClatchy acquired three dailies in South Carolina: The Herald in Rock Hill, The Island Packet in Hilton Head, The Beaufort Gazette of Beaufort. In 1995, it acquired The News & Observer of Raleigh, North Carolina, in 1998, it bought the Star Tribune of Minneapolis. In January 2004, McClatchy bought the Merced Sun-Star of Merced, five affiliated non-dailies in California's San Joaquin Valley; the company's biggest acquisition occurred on June 2006, when McClatchy purchased Knight Ridder. Because McClatchy was so much smaller than Knight Ridder at the time, one observer equated the deal as "a dolphin swallowing a small whale." The purchase price of $40 and 0.5118 shares of McClatchy Class A stock per share was valued in total at about $4 billion in cash and stock. The company assumed $2 billion in debt; this purchase added 20 newspapers to the company stable and the immediate sale of 12 publications including the St. Paul Pioneer Press, San Jose Mercury News and The Philadelphia Inquirer.
Those sales were completed on August 2, 2006. This acquisition would be cited as the major cause of McClatchy's troubles - McClatchy overpaid for Knight Ridder by buying at the "top of the market", the immense debt took on to fuel the purchase would be a millstone around the neck of the combined company. Additionally, McClatchy did not keep on any of Knight Ridder's digital division or corporate staff, despite the growing prominence of the Internet and Knight Ridder having a well-respected effort in the space at the time; the Minneapolis-St. Paul Star Tribune, acquired in 1998 and sold in 2007 to private-equity firm Avista Capital Partners for $555 million, had the highest circulation of all McClatchy newspapers; the company owns a portfolio of digital assets, including 15.0% of CareerBuilder, LLC, which operates CareerBuilder.com. McClatchy owns 49.5% of the voting stock and 70.6% of the nonvoting stock of The Seattle Times Company. In January 2017, former Yahoo! and EarthLink executive Craig Forman was appointed as its new president and chief executive officer.
Forman, a private investor and McClatchy board member, succeeded Patrick Talamantes, CEO the previous four years. The descendants of C. K. McClatchy still own a controlling interest in the McClatchy Company and are represented by the 6th generation Kevin McClatchy as chairman of the Board of Directors. In February 2019, Forman emailed all staff to say about 10 percent of the newspaper chain's employees would be offered voluntary buyouts. On February 13, 2020, McClatchy filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy protection; the company cited excessive debt as the primary reasons for the filing. As of 2015, McClatchy had 5,600 full and part-time employees; the company has two classes of stock, allowing the founding McClatchy family to retain control. In the Knight Ridder purchase, for example, McClatchy shareholders did not need to act in approving the purchase because the family had voted their shares in favor. Editor & Publisher reported in October 2006 that McClatchy revenue ending August 2006 was down over one percent from August 2005.
Between the announced purchase of Knight Ridder in March 2006 and late 2009, the stock value of McClatchy declined significantly. On December 18, 2008, McClatchy common stock fell below $1 per share; the market
Don Harris was an Australian rules footballer who played with Richmond and Collingwood in the Victorian Football League. Harris, a defender, played in three successive grand finals for Richmond but was never a member of a premiership team; the Burnley recruit was a back pocket in the 1927 and 1928 VFL Grand Finals. He spent the last two seasons of his league career at Collingwood, his seven votes in the 1932 Brownlow Medal were bettered by Syd Coventry. The year ended with a preliminary final loss and he retired for business reasons, he however continued participating in amateur football, as the playing coach of Kew in the Sub-District Football Association
The Överhogdal tapestries are a group of extraordinarily well-preserved textiles dating from late Viking Age or early Middle Ages that were discovered in the village of Överhogdal in Härjedalen, Sweden. The Överhogdal tapestries were found in the vestry of Överhogdal Church in the Diocese of Härnösand by Jonas Holm in 1909 during the renovation of the church; the tapestries were brought to Östersund in 1910 by the artist Paul Jonze and the County Governor’s wife Ellen Widén, a dominant figure within the regional heritage movement at the time, took charge. The first thing she did was to give the dirty linen a good wash. Radiocarbon dating tests conducted in 1991 indicated that the tapestries were made between 800 and 1100 AD during Viking Era. Newer tests in 2005 instead indicated a period between 1040 and 1170 AD; the Överhogdal tapestries have been theorized as depicting imagery of both Norse and Christian origin. The contents of the pictures are much debated; the artwork depict stylized animals, dark blue and red horses and people.
There is a ship, a tree and inscriptions. The four surviving sections of the tapestries have 323 figures of people and 146 and 3 partial animals, all moving to the left; the large animal and smaller human figures seem to rush by a tree, which could be the mighty ash Yggdrasil, a massive tree central to nine worlds in Norse mythology. Some scholars have suggested. However, today the dominant theory, given the radiocarbon dating of the tapestries, is that Ragnarök, a series of events foretold to occur in Norse mythology, is being depicted. Research has established that the figures are made of plant dyed wool, interwoven with the linen with a special technique. Today, these unique tapestries are on display in a specially designed room at Jamtli, the regional museum of Jämtland and Härjedalen in Östersund. Grödinge tapestry Skog tapestry Bayeux Tapestry The Överhogdal Tapestries at Jamtli Ulla Oscarsson De gåtfulla Överhogdalsbonaderna ISBN 9789179482312
Herefoss Church is a parish church in Birkenes municipality in Aust-Agder county, Norway. It is located in the village of Herefoss, at the northern end of the Herefossfjorden, just west of the Norwegian National Road 41; the church is part of the Herefoss parish in the Vest-Nedenes deanery in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark. The white, wooden church was built in an octagonal style in 1865 by the architect Jacob Wilhelm Nordan; the church seats about 200 people. It was consecrated on 11 October 1865 by the Bishop Jacob von der Lippe; this is the third church at Herefoss. That site was prone to flooding, so the present church was moved further from the shoreline. List of churches in Aust-Agder
Freestone is an unincorporated community in Sonoma County, California in the United States. A former stone and logging town, Freestone is the entryway to the Bohemian Highway. In 1974, Freestone became the first historic district named by Sonoma County; the downtown comprises a handful of historic buildings with a selection of local businesses, including a cheese shop, bakery and a spa. Freestone has a population of 32. Freestone is named after a sandstone quarry, developed in the area around 1861; the area once consisted of three ranchos: Rancho Cañada de Jonive, Rancho Estero Americano and Rancho Cañada de Pogolimi. The area was split into three ranchos as the result of a dispute between three early settlers, James McIntosh, James Black and James Dawson; the three men were allowed to settle on the land by Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo in the 1830s, where they built a saw mill. The three men left the area. Jasper O'Farrell moved into the area in 1849, after exchanging Nicasio Rancho for Rancho Cañada de Jonive.
He purchased Rancho Estero Americano. A land surveyor, O'Farrell surveyed the surrounding area, which he called Analy Township. O'Farrell found success in the area, he was elected to the California State Senate in 1859. Within a year he had to sell his land and in 1870 he moved back to San Francisco. Freestone had a saloon followed by a general store the next year. Freestone became a stop on a new stagecoach line in 1853; that same year, an inn was built as well as two blacksmith shops. The inn burned down in 1861. A depot for the North Pacific Coast Railroad was built in Freestone, with the train starting to stop in the village in September 1876. A second inn, the Hinds Hotel was built by the depot in August, just prior to the train stop opening; the railroad transported produce to and from San Francisco. In 1930, the railroad stopped operating due to the growing popularity of trucks; the first school was built in Freestone by the 1880s, used for schooling until 1958. In 1881, the first church was built in a Methodist church.
That church was destroyed and a second church was built in 1907, only to be demolished in the 1960s. The town had a post office by the 1880s; the end of the railroad service to Freestone is considered the end of "the era of development and prosperity" historically. In 1974, Freestone was deemed a historic district by the County of Sonoma, making it the first historic landmark designated by the County; the district comprises 30 properties, consisting of residential and commercial buildings in the Greek Revival and Queen Anne architectural styles. The Hind's Hotel was designated Landmark #2 in the County that same year, followed by the now-demolished Morgan Williams Residence, the remaining Freestone Schoolhouse and Freestone Country Store. Freestone was first a lumber town, with a saw mill on the Salmon Creek. A sandstone quarry was operated in the area. Railroad service began, transporting lumber and produce to San Francisco; the railroad depot closed in 1930. Today, the economy is hospitality based.
Candi bentar, or split gateway, is a classical Javanese and Balinese gateway entrance found at the entrance of religious compounds, kraton palaces, or cemeteries. It is a candi-like structure split in two to create a passage in the center for people to walk through; the passage is elevated with a flight of stairs to reach it. A candi bentar is found in Java and Lombok. Candi bentar has a candi-like form but split in two to create a symmetrical image. Candi bentar characteristically has a stepped profile, which can be decorated in the case of Balinese candi bentar; the two inner surfaces are always left sheer and unornamented, as if the structure has been split in two. There are several different styles of candi bentar, from plain red bricks structure of Majapahit-style with its derivations of Cirebon, Demak and early Mataram Sultanate style, the stucco-coated split gates of Kaibon Palace in Banten in city of Surakarta and Yogyakarta, to the richly adorned split gates of Balinese temples and palaces compound.
Other than narrowing the passage, candi bentar do not serve a real defensive purpose, since this type of split gates are designed not to have doors. Additional iron fences are to never installed in the passage, if so they added and not part of the original design; the symbolism of a candi bentar is unclear. Candi bentar only serve for aesthetic purpose, to create a sense of grandeur before entering a compound. Candi bentar and paduraksa are integral features of a Balinese temple architecture, the classical Javanese Hindu temple. Both gateways mark the threshold between different level of sanctity within a temple compound. Candi bentar marks the boundary between the outer world with the outer realm of the Hindu temple, the nista mandala; the paduraksa marks the boundary between the madya mandala with the innermost and the most sacred utama mandala. The compound within Balinese temples and palaces are used for rituals; the candi bentar used as a background of dance performances, as the performers appears from behind the split gates.
Sometimes the dance performance took place in inner compound with roofed paduraksa gate as a background. Candi bentar is thought to dates back to the Hindu period of Singhasari and Majapahit in 13th to 14th-century Java. Reliefs showing a candi bentar and paduraksa have been discovered in 13th-century Candi Jago in East Java. In the archaeological site of Trowulan – the 14th-century capital of the Majapahit empire – a candi bentar named Wringin Lawang, is among the oldest candi bentar that still stands; the Wringin Lawang took the shape of a typical Majapahit temple structure evenly split into two mirroring structures, creating a passage in the center. The grand gate portals are made from red brick, with a base of 13 x 11 metres and a height of 15.5 metres The current prevalence of candi bentar is owed to the influence of Majapahit aesthetics on Javanese and Balinese architecture. The candi bentar is still used upon the arrival of Islam period in the 15th-century; the Sultanate palace of The Keraton Kasepuhan used candi bentar to mark access into the public audience pavilion.
The 16th-century Menara Kudus Mosque, one of the oldest mosque in Java, still has a candi bentar in its compound, marking the gateway into the mosque compound. A Muslim cemetery complex of Sendang Duwur in the village of Sendang Duwur, Lamongan Regency, East Java, contains both candi bentar and paduraksa to marks the level of sanctity within the cemetery complex, with the tomb of Sunan Sendang Duwur being the most sacred part of the cemetery complex. Other Javanese tombs employing the candi bentar is the Sunan Giri cemetery complex. In modern period, construction of candi bentar is encouraged by the Indonesian government; this policy is encouraged by municipal and regional kabupaten government as a form of regional identity. The government of Banten province for example, encouraged the construction of candi bentar — modelled after Kaibon Palace of Old Banten, in the entrance gate of houses those located along the main road. In the city of Cirebon, West Java, the red brick candi bentar has become the identity of the city.