United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Illinois's 18th congressional district
The 18th Congressional District of Illinois covers central and western Illinois, including all of Jacksonville and Quincy and parts of Bloomington and Springfield. Republican Aaron Schock had represented the district since January 2009, but resigned March 31, 2015. Special elections were called to select Schock's replacement, with a primary on July 7 and the main election on September 10, 2015. Republican State Senator Darin LaHood, son of former Rep. Ray LaHood, won the special election and reelection in 2016 and 2018. Abraham Lincoln served much of the area, it contains most of the territory, represented by future United States Senate Minority Leader Everett Dirksen and longtime House Minority Leader Bob Michel. From 1949 to 2015, the district was represented by someone who either attended or graduated from Bradley University; the district covers parts of McLean, Sangamon and Tazewell counties, all of Adams, Cass, Logan, Mason, McDonough, Morgan, Schuyler and Woodford counties, as of the 2011 redistricting which followed the 2010 census.
All or parts of Bloomington, Jacksonville, Macomb, Normal, Peoria and Springfield are included. The representatives for these districts were elected in the 2012 primary and general elections, the boundaries became effective on January 5, 2013. * Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 1994, write-ins received 955 votes. In 1998, write-ins received 2 votes. In 2008, Green Party candidate Sheldon Schafer received 9,857 votes. In 2010, Schafer received 11,256 votes. Ray LaHood decided not to seek re-election in 2008 and was chosen by Barack Obama to serve as U. S. Secretary of Transportation. Illinois State Representative Aaron Schock of Peoria won the seat for the Republicans in the November 4, 2008 election, his main opponent was Democrat Colleen Callahan, of a radio and television broadcaster. Green Party candidate and educator Sheldon Schafer, of Peoria, was in a distant third place on the ballot; as of January 2017, two former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Illinois's 18th congressional district are alive.
Illinois's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present 2006 election from The Washington Post 18th District census profile, 2006 18th District Fact Sheet from the United States Census Bureau "U. S. Census Bureau - 18th District map". Campaign contributions from OpenSecrets.org
Illinois Route 9
Illinois Route 9 is a 218.31-mile-long cross-state, east–west rural state highway in the central part of the U. S. state of Illinois. It travels from Niota at the Fort Madison Toll Bridge, that crosses the Mississippi River into Iowa, eastward across central Illinois to State Road 26 at the Indiana state line. IL 9 is a major arterial route in rural central Illinois, it is a parallel highway to IL 116 to the north and U. S. Route 136 to its south, it is a two-lane highway for most of its length. Illinois Route 9 runs eastward from the Mississippi River at the Fort Madison Toll Bridge to the Indiana state line near Cheneyville at SR 26 and SR 352, it crosses the Illinois River on the John T. McNaughton Bridge at Pekin, where it becomes known as Court Street in the city, it has an interchange with I-155 at Tremont. IL 9 was established in 1918 as one of the original 46 State Bond Issue Route routes; the routing of IL 9 has had two major changes since its establishment. The original western terminus was in Hamilton, at the old Keokuk Rail Bridge completed in 1916 and proceeded east through Carthage and Macomb, 9 miles east of Macomb, southwest of New Philadelphia, the highway turned north to Bushnell and proceeded east along the current IL 9 alignment to Canton, Peoria County, Pekin.
US 136, Hamilton to New Philadelphia, IL 41, New Philadelphia to Bushnell IL 9, Bushnell to Indiana state line. This current highway moved north to terminate in Niota at the Fort Madison Toll Bridge after its completion in July 1928; the route parallels the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway and Mississippi River to Dallas City turns southeast to LaHarpe. From LaHarpe, the highway parallels the original Toledo and Western Railway right-of way to Bushnell. From 1935 to 1937, IL 9 traveled a different route from Pekin to Bloomington, that original route is now posted as: IL 29, Pekin to North Pekin, IL 98, North Pekin to Morton, US 150, Morton to Bloomington. Portions of IL 9 are being considered for the IL 336 project from Peoria to Macomb. U. S. Roads portal Illinois portal Illinois Highway Ends: Illinois Route 9
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
Battle of Plattsburgh
The Battle of Plattsburgh known as the Battle of Lake Champlain, ended the final invasion of the northern states of the United States during the War of 1812. A British army under Lieutenant General Sir George Prévost and a naval squadron under Captain George Downie converged on the lakeside town of Plattsburgh, defended by New York and Vermont militia and detachments of regular troops of the United States Army, all under the command of Brigadier General Alexander Macomb, ships commanded by Master Commandant Thomas Macdonough. Downie's squadron attacked shortly after dawn on 11 September 1814, but was defeated after a hard fight in which Downie was killed. Prévost abandoned the attack by land against Macomb's defences and retreated to Canada, stating that if Plattsburgh was captured, any British troops there could not be supplied without control of the lake; when the battle took place and British delegates were meeting at Ghent in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, attempting to negotiate a treaty acceptable to both sides to end the war.
The American victory at Plattsburgh, the successful defense at the Battle of Baltimore, which began the next day and halted British advances in the Mid-Atlantic states, denied the British negotiators leverage to demand any territorial claims against the United States on the basis of Uti possidetis, i.e. retaining territory they held at the end of hostilities. The Treaty of Ghent, in which captured or occupied territories were restored on the basis of Status quo ante bellum, was signed three months after the battle. In 1814, most of Britain's army was engaged in the Peninsular War. In April, Napoleon I abdicated the throne of France; this provided Britain the opportunity to send 16,000 veteran troops from the Peninsula and other garrisons to North America. Several experienced Major-Generals were detached from the Duke of Wellington's army to command them; the Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, the Earl of Bathurst, sent instructions to Lieutenant-General Sir George Prévost, the Commander-in-Chief in Canada and Governor General of the Canadas, authorizing him to launch offensives into American territory, but cautioning him against advancing too far and thereby risking being cut off.
Bathurst suggested that Prévost should give first priority to attacking Sackett's Harbor on Lake Ontario, where the American fleet on the lake was based, seize control of Lake Champlain as a secondary objective. Prévost lacked the means to transport the troops necessary for an attack on Sackett's Harbor and the supplies for them up the Saint Lawrence River. Furthermore, the American ships controlled Lake Ontario, making an attack impossible until the British launched the first-rate ship of the line HMS St. Lawrence on 15 October, too late in the year for major operations to be undertaken. Prévost therefore prepared to launch his major offensive to Lake Champlain, up the Richelieu River. Prévost's choice of route on reaching the lake was influenced by the attitude of the American state of Vermont, on the eastern side of the lake; the state had shown itself to be less than wholeheartedly behind the war and its inhabitants traded with the British, supplying them with all the cattle consumed by the British army, military stores such as masts and spars for the British warships on Lake Champlain.
To spare Vermont from becoming a seat of war, Prévost therefore determined to advance down the western, New York State, side of the lake. The main American position on this side was at Plattsburgh. Prévost organized the troops which were to carry out the invasion into a division commanded by Major General Sir Francis de Rottenburg, the Lieutenant Governor of Lower Canada; the division consisted of the 1st Brigade of veterans of the Peninsular War under Major General Frederick Philipse Robinson. Each brigade was supported by a battery of five 6-pounder guns and one 5.5-inch howitzer of the Royal Artillery. A squadron of the 19th Light Dragoons was attached to the force. There was a small "siege train" of artillery, consisting of two 24-pounder brass field guns, an 8-inch brass howitzer, three 24-pounder naval carronades mounted on field carriages, a Congreve rocket detachment; the force numbered 11,000 in total. However, some units were detached and some sick men did not take part, so the actual number of troops present at Plattsburgh was just over 8,000.
There was some tension within the force between the brigade and regimental commanders who were veterans of the Peninsular War or of earlier fighting in Upper Canada, Prévost and his staff. Prévost had not endeared himself by complaining about the standards of dress of the troops from the Peninsular Army, where the Duke of Wellington had emphasized musketry and efficiency above turnout. Furthermore, neither Prévost, nor de Rottenburg, nor Prévost's Adjutant General had the extensive experience of battle gained by their brigade commanders, had gained a reputation for caution and hesitancy. Prévost's Quartermaster General, Major General Thomas Sydney Beckwith, was a veteran of the early part of the Peninsular campaign and of operations in Chesapeake Bay in 1813, but he was to be criticized for failures in intelligence. On the American side of the frontie
Fulton County, Illinois
Fulton County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 37,069, its county seat is Lewistown, the largest city is Canton. Fulton County comprises the Canton, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, part of the Peoria-Canton, IL Combined Statistical Area. Jason Strandberg is the Chairman of the Fulton County Board. Mike Hays was the County Administrator; the current Miss Fulton County is Ashley Barclay of Lewistown, IL. Fulton County was organized in 1823 from Pike County, it is named for developer of the first commercially successful steamboat. American poet/writer Edgar Lee Masters lived in Fulton County during the 1890s. Fulton County was home to Camp Ellis during World War II; the county is known for the annual Spoon River Scenic Drive which occurs the first 2 weekends in October. This has been a tradition since 1968 and attracts thousands of participants from all over the country. Fulton County is home to the Ogden-Fettie Site, a significant site for Havana Hopewell Native culture.
It is the largest collection of Woodland Mounds in Illinois, with 35 Mounds, dating from 400 BCE, arranged in a crescent. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 883 square miles, of which 866 square miles is land and 17 square miles is water. Fulton County is the site of Dickson Mounds Museum, a state museum of Native American daily life in the Illinois River valley. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Lewistown have ranged from a low of 14 °F in January to a high of 88 °F in July, although a record low of −30 °F was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 106 °F was recorded in July 1983. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.85 inches in January to 4.43 inches in May. Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge The county contains one public-use airport: Ingersoll Airport, located in Canton; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 37,069 people, 14,536 households, 9,744 families residing in the county. The population density was 42.8 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 16,195 housing units at an average density of 18.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93.4% white, 3.4% black or African American, 0.4% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 1.6% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.7% were German, 19.1% were American, 14.0% were English, 13.2% were Irish. Of the 14,536 households, 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.0% were non-families, 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 41.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $41,268 and the median income for a family was $50,596. Males had a median income of $41,376 versus $28,596 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,309. About 9.9% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.
Canton Cuba Farmington Lewistown In its early years, Fulton County favored the Democratic Party, being one of the northernmost Democratic counties and the nearest to Yankee solidly Republican Northern Illinois. It was never won by a Republican until the Democratic Party moved towards the Populist Party’s policies under William Jennings Bryan, a change which resulted in the county voting Republican except in landslide victories between 1896 and 1960. In that period, Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 and 1936 was the solitary Democratic presidential candidate to gain a majority of the county’s vote. However, the 1964 election saw the county trend Democratic – so much so that Hubert Humphrey gained a narrow plurality in his 1968 election loss. Despite not going Democratic again until 1988, the party would always remain competitive in the county, between 1988 and 2012 every Democratic presidential candidate gained a majority in Fulton County. However, concern over economic decline in the “Rust Belt” saw Donald Trump produce a dramatic swing in the 2016 election, winning Fulton County by fifteen percentage points and gaining the best GOP record in the county since 1980.
The fictional town of Lanford, Illinois in the sitcom Roseanne is set in Fulton County. Though Fulton County is near Peoria in real life, Lanford on the show is described as a suburb of Chicago near Elgin and Aurora. National Register of Historic Places listings in Fulton County, Illinois Specific GeneralUS Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles US Board on Geographic Names US National Atlas Illinois State Archives Illinois Saving Graves: Fulton Co
Chicago–Kansas City Expressway
The Chicago–Kansas City Expressway is a highway that runs between Chicago and Claycomo, Missouri. The road is known as Route 110 in Illinois Route 110 in Illinois. IL 110 was created through legislation on May 27, 2010, as the designated route for the Illinois portion of the Chicago–Kansas City Expressway; the Expressway starts in downtown Claycomo, Missouri on Interstate 35 and leaves the city in a northeast direction. In Cameron, the route turns east on U. S. 36 and crosses the state including driving through Chillicothe and Macon, Missouri. East of Hannibal, the route continues east on I-72 through Hannibal and across the Mississippi River. U. S. 36 and Interstate 35 in Missouri are now in the process to have the comprehensive sign package similar to Illinois along the Chicago–Kansas City Expressway, including the Route 110 designation and the C-KC logo on every route marker between Hannibal and Kansas City. The sign inside Missouri consists of three letters, CKC; the first C is shaded red. IL 110 crosses into Illinois from the Mark Twain Memorial Bridge east of Hannibal.
It follows Interstate 72 east to I-172 runs north with I-172 to IL 336 around the city of Quincy. Both routes run north to Carthage, where IL 110 and IL 336 join with U. S. Route 136. All three routes run east to Macomb, where IL 110 continues north with US 67 to Monmouth. There is a two-mile stretch of the route in Good Hope, where it is reduced from a four-lane divided highway to a three-lane undivided street with a center turn lane. At Monmouth, IL 110 joins US 34 and runs east to I-74. IL 110 joins I-74 and runs north to near the Quad Cities, joining with I-80 before joining I-88 eastbound; the two highways continue east to I-88's eastern terminus in Hillside, where IL 110 continues on I-290, terminating at the Circle Interchange near the Chicago Loop. The Cannon Ball Route was a historic auto trail that ran from Hannibal, Missouri east-northeast to Chicago, Illinois; the route was included in the 1917 Map of Marked Routes provided by the Illinois State Highway Department, a precursor to the modern-day Illinois Department of Transportation.
This highway routing parallels the Hannibal-Quincy to Chicago branch of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. This route stayed west and north of the Illinois River, so this route never had to cross the limited number of Illinois River bridges in 1917. IL 110 was the designation for what is present-day IL 15 from St. Libory, Illinois to just south of Addieville, where it meets up with IL 160. During the World War II years, IL 15 was part of what is now IL 160, the section from St. Libory to Addieville was IL 110; the number was dropped in favor of US 460. Raven Road in Washington County is a stub of the former IL 15, that intersection was the eastern terminus of IL 110. Efforts to construct a direct route from Chicago to Kansas City have been in the planning stages since its exclusion from the Interstate Highway System in the 1950s; these efforts have been led by the Tri-State Development Summit, an economic development group for western Illinois, southeastern Iowa, northern Missouri The proposed highway took different forms over time: a 1989 study found that a full, limited-access tollway running from Kansas Turnpike at Kansas City to the Indiana Toll Road at Gary or Tri-State Tollway near the Joliet area would cost $2–$2.5 billion, if funded by private investors.
In a joint resolution between the Illinois House and Senate in late May 2010, an expressway project connecting Chicago-to-Kansas City was named Illinois Route 110. The path, 532 miles in total, follows parts of the existing IL 336, I-88, I-172, I-72, I-74, US 136, US 67 and connect the cities of Quincy, Galesburg, a number of communities of the Chicago metropolitan area, including Chicago itself on I-290. In 2010, signs were posted with the "CKC" banner above the IL 110 sign; the Illinois Department of Transportation erected 470 IL 110 signs at a cost of $94,000. Peoria-to-Chicago Highway Illinois Route 336 PDF of the entire route of the Chicago-Kansas City Expressway