George McDuffie was the 55th Governor of South Carolina and a member of the United States Senate. Born of modest means in Columbia County, Georgia, McDuffie's extraordinary intellect was noticed while clerking at a store in Augusta, Georgia; the Calhoun family sponsored his education at Moses Waddel's famous Willington Academy, where he established an outstanding reputation. Graduating from South Carolina College in 1813, he was admitted to the bar in 1814, went into partnership with Eldred Simkins at Edgefield. Rising he served in the South Carolina General Assembly in 1818–1821, in the United States House of Representatives in 1821–1834. In 1834 he became a major general of the South Carolina Militia. In 1821 he published a pamphlet in which strict states' rights were denounced; the change seems to have been gradual, to have been determined in part by the influence of John C. Calhoun. When, after 1824, the old Democratic-Republican party split into factions, he followed Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren in opposing the Panama Congress and the policy of making Federal appropriations for internal improvements.
He did not hesitate, however, to differ from Jackson on the two chief issues of his administration: the Bank and nullification. In 1832 he was a prominent member of the South Carolina Nullification Convention, drafted its address to the people of the United States, he served as governor in 1834–1836, during which time he helped to reorganize South Carolina College. From January 1843 until January 1846 he was a member of the United States Senate; the leading Democratic measures of those years all received his hearty support. McDuffie, like Calhoun, became an eloquent champion of state sovereignty. Influenced in large measure by Thomas Cooper, he made it his special work to convince the people of the South that the downfall of protection was essential to their material progress. In opposing the 1828 Tariff of Abominations he used the illustration that forty bales of every one hundred went to pay tariffs and therefore Northern interests, his argument that it is the producer who pays the duty of imports has been called the economic basis of nullification.
In 1822, mirroring the political confrontation between Calhoun of South Carolina and William H. Crawford of Georgia, McDuffie fought a series of duels with Colonel William Cumming, he suffered serious wounds that led to his death and were said by O'Neall to "change the whole character of his disposition... all who knew him afterwards are obliged to admit his great irritability". O'Neall went on to say that "McDuffie was in youth and old age, a remarkable man for his taciturnity and reserve, he seemed to commune with himself. Perley Poore stated that McDuffie was a "spare, grim-looking man, an admirer of Milton, and, never known to jest or smile." In a description by Sparks, "His temperament was nervous and ardent, his feelings strong. His manner when speaking was nervous and impassioned, at times fiercely vehement, again persuasive and tenderly pathetic, in every mood he was eloquent." Sparks recounts McDuffie's triumph on first coming to the House, driving the madcap John Randolph from the floor with "vituperation witheringly pungent".
George McDuffie died at his estate "Cherry Hill" in Sumter County, South Carolina, on March 11, 1851. McDuffie County, Georgia is named after him. Green, Edwin. George McDuffie. Columbia: State Co. 1936. SCIway Biography of George McDuffie NGA Biography of George McDuffie United States Congress Biography of George McDuffie
Augusta Augusta–Richmond County, is a consolidated city-county on the central eastern border of the U. S. state of Georgia. The city lies across the Savannah River from South Carolina at the head of its navigable portion. Georgia's second-largest city after Atlanta, Augusta is located in the Piedmont section of the state. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, Augusta–Richmond County had a 2017 estimated population of 197,166, not counting the unconsolidated cities of Blythe and Hephzibah, it is the 122nd largest city in the United States. The process of consolidation between the City of Augusta and Richmond County began with a 1995 referendum in the two jurisdictions; the merger was completed on July 1, 1996. Augusta is the principal city of the Augusta metropolitan area, situated in both Georgia and South Carolina on both sides of the Savannah River. In 2017 it had an estimated population of 600,151, making it the second-largest metro area in the state, it is the 93rd largest metropolitan area in the United States.
Augusta was established in 1736 and is named for Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, the bride of Frederick, Prince of Wales and the mother of the British monarch George III. During the American Civil War, Augusta housed the principal Confederate powder works. Augusta's warm climate made it a major resort town of the Eastern United States in the early and mid-20th century. Internationally, Augusta is best known for hosting The Masters golf tournament each spring; the Masters brings over 200,000 visitors from across the world to the Augusta National Golf Club. Membership at Augusta National is considered to be the most exclusive in the sport of golf across the world. Augusta lies two hours east of downtown Atlanta by car via I-20; the city is home to Fort Gordon, a major U. S. Army base. In 2016, it was announced that the new National Cyber Security Headquarters would be based in Augusta, bringing as many as 10,000 cyber security specialists to the Fort Gordon area; the area along the river was long inhabited by varying cultures of indigenous peoples, who relied on the river for fish and transportation.
The site of Augusta was used by Native Americans as a place to cross the Savannah River, because of its location on the fall line. In 1735, two years after James Oglethorpe founded Savannah, he sent a detachment of troops to explore the upper Savannah River, he gave them an order to build a fort at the head of the navigable part of the river. The expedition was led by Noble Jones, who created a settlement as a first line of defense for coastal areas against potential Spanish or French invasion from the interior. Oglethorpe named the town in honor of Princess Augusta, the mother of King George III and the wife of Frederick, Prince of Wales. Oglethorpe visited Augusta in September 1739 on his return to Savannah from a perilous visit to Coweta Town, near present-day Phenix City, Alabama. There, he had met with a convention of 7,000 Native American warriors and concluded a peace treaty with them in their territories in northern and western Georgia. Augusta was the second state capital of Georgia from 1785 until 1795.
Augusta developed as a market town as the Black Belt in the Piedmont was developed for cotton cultivation. Invention of the cotton gin made processing of short-staple cotton profitable, this type of cotton was well-suited to the upland areas. Cotton plantations were worked by slave labor, with hundreds of thousands of slaves shipped from the Upper South to the Deep South in the domestic slave trade. Many of the slaves were brought from the Lowcountry, where their Gullah culture had developed on the large Sea Island cotton and rice plantations; the city experienced the Augusta Fire of 1916, which damaged 25 blocks of the town and many buildings of historical significance. As a major city in the area, Augusta was a center of activities after. In the mid-20th century, it was a site of civil rights demonstrations. In 1970 Charles Oatman, a mentally disabled teenager, was killed by his cellmates in an Augusta jail. A protest against his death broke out in a riot involving 500 people, after six black men were killed by police, each found to have been shot in the back.
The noted singer and entertainer James Brown was called in to help quell lingering tensions, which he succeeded in doing. Augusta is located on the Georgia/South Carolina border, about 150 miles east of Atlanta and 70 miles west of Columbia; the city is located at 33°28′12″N 81°58′30″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Augusta–Richmond County balance has a total area of 306.5 square miles, of which 302.1 square miles is land and 4.3 square miles is water. Augusta is located about halfway up the Savannah River on the fall line, which creates a number of small falls on the river; the city marks the end of a navigable waterway for the river and the entry to the Georgia Piedmont area. The Clarks Hill Dam is built on the fall line near Augusta. Farther downstream, near the border of Columbia County, is the Stevens Creek Dam, which generates hydroelectric power. Farther downstream is the Augusta Diversion Dam, which marks the beginning of the Augusta Canal and channels Savannah River waters into the canal.
As with the rest of the state, Augusta has a humid subtropical climate, with short, mild winters hot, humid summers, a wide diurnal temperature variation throughout much of the year, despite its low elevation and moisture. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 45.4 °F in January to 81.6 °F in July.
Georgia State Route 17
State Route 17 is a 294-mile-long state highway that travels south-to-north through portions of Chatham, Screven, Burke, Warren, McDuffie, Elbert, Franklin, Habersham and Towns counties in the east-central and northeastern parts of the U. S. state of Georgia. The highway connects Interstate 16 in Bloomingdale to the North Carolina state line, northwest of Hiawassee, via Millen, Wrens, Washington, Royston, Toccoa and Hiawassee. SR 17 begins at exit 152 on the westernmost exit for I-16 in Chatham County. SR 17 travels north to Bloomingdale. After entering Effingham County, SR 17 departs US 80/SR 26, continues northwest, paralleling the Ogeechee River through rural parts of Effingham and Jenkins Counties before arriving in Millen. After a short concurrency with SR 23 and SR 67 in Millen, SR 17 continues west northwest, still parallel to the Ogeechee River, to Louisville. SR 17 travels concurrent with US 1/US 221/SR 4 from Louisville north to Wrens. In Wrens, SR 17 continues to the northwest to Thomson.
In Thomson, SR 17 travels concurrent with US 78/SR 10 north to Washington. Just north of Thomson is an interchange with I-20. In Washington, SR 17 intersects US 378, departs the concurrency with US 78/SR 10, before leaving the town. After traveling through Washington, SR 17 travels through the small town of Tignall as it continues into the mountains of northeast Georgia, first passing through Elberton, where it has a short concurrency with SR 72 Bowman, where it intersects SR 172, bypassing the main part of the city of Royston. In Canon, it intersects and begins to travel concurrent with SR 51. In Lavonia, SR 17 goes through downtown before becoming a divided highway as it has a partial cloverleaf interchange with I-85 just north of downtown Lavonia. Afterwards, the divided highway ends, SR 17 continues on its way through rural Stephens County before reaching the city of Toccoa. Southeast of Toccoa, the highway turns to a westerly direction, bypassing the city on another divided highway towards Clarkesville, traveling concurrent with US 123/SR 365 in the process.
Sometime after entering Habersham County, the highway departs northwest, with US 123 ending soon after and SR 365 heading southwest towards the cities of Gainesville and Atlanta. There is a concurrency with SR 115 somewhere around the Clarkesville area. Outside of Clarkesville, the highway continues northwest, traveling through the historic Nacoochee Valley. SR 17 begins a concurrency with SR 75; the highways travel north through the tourist town of Helen. The two highway continue north over Unicoi Gap descend into the Hiawassee River valley. East of the town of Hiawassee, the highways begin a concurrency with US 76/SR 2. In Hiawassee, SR 75 departs to the northeast. A few miles to the west, north-northeast of Young Harris, SR 17 departs US 76/SR 2, begins a short concurrency to the north with SR 515 until they both reach their northern terminus at the North Carolina state line; the road continues into North Carolina as North Carolina Highway 69. The following sections of SR 17 are included as part of the National Highway System, a system of roadways important to the nation's economy and mobility: From Louisville to a point southeast of Clarkesville The concurrency with US 76/SR 2 SR 17 was established at least as early as 1919 from SR 26 in Swainsboro to Warrenton.
It extended from SR 12 in Thomson, with no indication on the 1920 map as to whether it was concurrent with SR 12 between these segments to the South Carolina state line northeast of Toccoa. Between Royston and Toccoa, SR 17 took a more western path, through Canon and Carnesville, than it does today. At this time, an unnumbered road was built from Canon to Toccoa, on the current path of SR 17. SR 2 was built on an alignment from west-northwest of Clayton to west-southwest of Hiawassee. By the end of 1921, SR 17 was proposed to be extended southward through Lyons to Baxley; the Louisville–Gibson segment was shifted eastward to become the Louisville–Wrens segment. This new path was concurrent with SR 24. SR 17 traveled west from Wrens to Gibson and resumed its previous path. SR 17 was indicated to be concurrent with SR 12 between Thomson; the Canon–Carnesville segment was redesignated as part of SR 51. SR 17 was designated on the unnumbered road from Canon to Toccoa; the segment from Toccoa to the South Carolina state line was redesignated as part of SR 13.
An unnumbered road was built from Hiawassee to the North Carolina state line north of that city. By the end of 1926, US 1 was designated on the Swainsboro–Wrens segment, while US 78 was designated on the Thomson–Washington segment. SR 17, concurrent with SR 32, was built from Baxley to Lyons, was built on the Lyons–Swainsboro segment; the Emanuel County portion of the Swainsboro–Louisville segment, as well as the segment of SR 17 and SR 24 from Louisville to Wrens, was under construction. The Jefferson County portion of the Swainsboro–Louisville segment half of the Thomson–Washington segment, a segment just north of Washington, from just south of the Wilkes–Elbert county line to the Elbert–Hart county line, from the Franklin–Stephens county line to Toccoa, from west of Clayton to Hiawassee, had a "sand clay or top soil" surface; the segment in the vicinity of Washington, as well as a longer segment farther north of Washington, had a completed hard surface
Warren County, Georgia
Warren County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,834; the county seat is Warrenton. The county was created on December 19, 1793 and is named after General Joseph Warren, killed in the Battle of Bunker Hill. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 287 square miles, of which 284 square miles is land and 2.4 square miles is water. The north-to-northeastern quarter of Warren County, north of a line between the county's northwestern corner and Camak, is located in the Little River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin; the southeastern quarter, from Camak in the north, bordered by a northwest-to-southeast line running through Warrenton, is located in the Brier Creek sub-basin of the larger Savannah River basin. The western half of the county, west of Warrenton, is located in the Upper Ogeechee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin. Wilkes County McDuffie County Glascock County Jefferson County Hancock County Taliaferro County As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,834 people, 2,315 households, 1,582 families residing in the county.
The population density was 20.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,985 housing units at an average density of 10.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 61.7% black or African American, 36.9% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, 0.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 33.5% were American, 6.3% were English. Of the 2,315 households, 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 23.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were non-families, 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 42.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $31,043 and the median income for a family was $36,925. Males had a median income of $33,349 versus $21,884 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,987.
About 20.5% of families and 25.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.4% of those under age 18 and 22.0% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2000, there were 6,336 people, 2,435 households, 1,692 families residing in the county; the population density was 22 people per square mile. There were 2,767 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 59.47% Black or African American, 39.46% White, 0.17% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.30% from other races, 0.46% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,435 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.10% were married couples living together, 22.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.50% were non-families. 27.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the county, the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 86.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,366, the median income for a family was $32,868. Males had a median income of $28,177 versus $20,082 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,022. About 24.10% of families and 27.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.00% of those under age 18 and 27.50% of those age 65 or over. Cadley Camak Jewell Mesena Norwood Warrenton Central Savannah River Area Warren County, Chamber of Commerce
Georgia's 10th congressional district
Georgia's 10th congressional district is a congressional district in the U. S. state of Georgia. The district is represented by Republican Jody Hice, includes a large swath of urban and rural territory between Atlanta and Augusta; the district's boundaries have been redrawn following the 2010 census, which granted an additional congressional seat to Georgia. The first election using the new district boundaries were the 2012 congressional elections. Located in the eastern part of the state, the new district boundaries include the cities of Athens, Jackson, Monroe and Winder. Baldwin Barrow Butts Butts Clarke Columbia Glascock Greene Gwinnett Hancock Henry Jasper Jefferson Johnson Lincoln McDuffie Morgan Newton Oconee Oglethorpe Putnam Taliaferro Walton Warren Washington Wilkes As of January 2018, there are three former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Georgia's 10th congressional district who are living at this time. Georgia's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C..
The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present PDF map of Georgia's 10th district at nationalatlas.gov Georgia's 10th district at GovTrack.us
Lincoln County, Georgia
Lincoln County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,996; the county seat is Lincolnton. The county was created on February 20, 1796. Lincoln County is included in the Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area, the Savannah River forming its northeastern border. Located above the fall line, it is part of the Central Savannah River Area and a member of the CSRA Regional Development Center. On February 20, 1796 Lincoln County was established as the twenty-fourth county in the state of Georgia. Before its territory was part of Wilkes County, now on its western side; the new county was named after General Benjamin Lincoln, a Revolutionary War hero notable for receiving Gen. Cornwallis's Sword of Surrender at Yorktown, Virginia. In 1809 he retired from the military. On January 22, 1852 the legislature changed the location of the line between Wilkes County and Lincoln County. There is no record as to. From before the American Revolutionary War until the 1950s, Lincoln County was a farming and agricultural area.
The development and creation of Clarke Hill Dam created a large reservoir that covered portions of Lincoln and nearby counties. Developers have created many residential subdivisions in areas near the lake. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 257 square miles, of which 210 square miles is land and 47 square miles is water; the bulk of Lincoln County, from just south of Lincolnton heading north, is located in the Upper Savannah River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin, with the exception of a tiny sliver of the northernmost section of the county, located in the Broad River sub-basin of the larger Savannah River basin. The southern portion of the county is located in the Little River sub-basin of the same Savannah River basin. U. S. Route 378 State Route 43 State Route 43 Connector State Route 44 State Route 47 State Route 79 State Route 220 Elbert County, Georgia - north McCormick County, South Carolina - northeast Columbia County, Georgia - south McDuffie County, Georgia - southwest Wilkes County, Georgia - west As of the census of 2000, there were 8,348 people, 3,251 households, 2,379 families residing in the county.
The population density was 40 people per square mile. There were 4,514 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 64.25% White, 34.37% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, 0.56% from two or more races. 0.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 3,251 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.20% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.80% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 26.30% from 45 to 64, 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years.
For every 100 females there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,952, the median income for a family was $36,657. Males had a median income of $27,165 versus $21,338 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,351. About 12.40% of families and 15.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.60% of those under age 18 and 15.90% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,996 people, 3,281 households, 2,252 families residing in the county; the population density was 38.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,786 housing units at an average density of 22.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 65.7% white, 32.1% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 24.8% were American, 8.4% were English, 6.3% were German.
Of the 3,281 households, 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 45.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $36,399 and the median income for a family was $43,872. Males had a median income of $38,200 versus $24,577 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,627. About 23.2% of families and 26.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.2% of those under age 18 and 28.5% of those age 65 or over. Since the creation of Clarks Hill Lake, recreation has contributed to Lincoln County's growth, it is a main destination for tourists, providing fishing and other water sport opportunities for visitors and nearby residents. Toward the eastern part of Lincoln County, just before the South Carolina line, is Elijah Clarke State Park.
This park is 447 acres. In May of every year, Elijah Clarke holds a bluegrass festival which has become a major attraction in the last 20 years. Several well-known bluegrass musicians play at this event each year, including Lincoln County natives, The Lewis Family. Held annually at Elijah Clarke is an Arts and C
Georgia State Route 150
State Route 150 is a 25.3-mile-long state highway that travels southwest–to–northeast through portions of McDuffie and Columbia counties in the east-central part of the U. S. state of Georgia. It travels from Thomson northeast to the South Carolina state line, southwest of Clarks Hill, South Carolina. SR 150 begins at an intersection with SR 17 in Thomson, it heads northeast to an intersection with US 78/SR 10/SR 17 Byp. just before leaving the city. Northeast of Thomson is an interchange with Interstate 20. Between I-20 and the unincorporated community of Pollards Corner, SR 150 travels along the McDuffie–Columbia county line, it continues to the northeast to Pollards Corner. There, SR 47/SR 150 travel concurrently for one block. At an intersection with U. S. Route 221 and the western terminus of SR 104, SR 47 splits off to travel concurrently with US 221 south, while SR 150 splits off to travel concurrent with US 221 north. SR 150 follows US 221 until they reach the South Carolina state line, where US 221 crosses over the Clarks Hill Dam and continues northeast to Clarks Hill.
SR 150 is not part of the National Highway System. Georgia portal U. S. Roads portal Georgia Roads