McGill Arctic Research Station

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McGill Arctic Research Station
Research Station
McGill Arctic Research Station is located in Nunavut
McGill Arctic Research Station
McGill Arctic Research Station
McGill Arctic Research Station is located in Canada
McGill Arctic Research Station
McGill Arctic Research Station
Coordinates: 79°26′00″N 090°46′00″W / 79.43333°N 90.76667°W / 79.43333; -90.76667Coordinates: 79°26′00″N 090°46′00″W / 79.43333°N 90.76667°W / 79.43333; -90.76667
Country Canada
Territory Nunavut
Region Qikiqtaaluk Region
Elevation[1] 577 ft (176 m)
Population 0
Time zone UTC-6 (Central Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
Website https://www.mcgill.ca/mars/mars-mcgill-arctic-research-station

McGill Arctic Research Station (Expedition Fiord) (MARS) is a small research station operated by McGill University located near the centre of Axel Heiberg Island, Nunavut. It is located approximately 115 km (71 mi) southwest of Eureka, a weather and research station. It was first established in 1959 after scientists explored South Fiord (Expedition Fiord). The station contains a small hut, a cook house and two temporary structures. It can support 8-12 people and gives them access to the research activities. The current activities are glaciology, climate change, permafrost, hydrology, geology, geomorphology, limnology, planetary analogues, and microbiology.[2] Today, the station is only used in the summer months so there would be enough power generated from the solar panels.[3]

The director of the research station is Wayne Pollard (from McGill University). He has many experiences with drilling and geophysical tools. His goals are to identify niche environments in permafrost capable of harbouring microbial life at or near the limit of its habitability.[4]

Geography[edit]

McGill Arctic Research Station is located near the terminus of three glaciers: Baby Glacier, White Glacier and Thompson Glacier. It is also beside the Expedition River and Colour Lake. The glaciers have been monitored from 1960 to 1999 with gaps in between them. The closest community is Grise Fiord, 360 km (220 mi) away. However, all flights to and from the station all go through Resolute Bay Airport, which is more than 500 km (310 mi) away.[5] The area surrounding it are rolling hills and tall mountains.

Climate[edit]

The average temperature at the research station is −15 °C (5 °F). Because of the cold temperatures, they can test how microbes can survive on the other colder planets in our Solar System.[6] The station receives polar night from the first week of November until the beginning of February, and the midnight sun from the beginning of April until the second week of September.[7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McGill Arctic Research Station
  2. ^ McGill Arctic Research Station|McGill Arctic Research Station (M.A.R.S.). Dale T. Anderson, Centre for the study of life in the universe. Retrieved April 11, 2015
  3. ^ Gonçalves, Mário. "Axel Heiberg". Ultima Thule. Retrieved 13 April 2015. 
  4. ^ White, Lyle. "Wayne Pollard". NSERC CREATE Canadian Astrobiology Training Program. Retrieved 13 April 2015. 
  5. ^ McGill Arctic Research Station at the Canadian Network of Northern Research Operators
  6. ^ Scientists detect cold-loving microbe in Nunavut’s High Arctic at Nunatsiaq Online. Retrieved April 12, 2015
  7. ^ Advanced options and sun angles| Sunrise/Sunset/Sun Angle Calculator. National Research Council Canada. Retrieved April 12, 2015

External links[edit]