SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

McKinleyville, California

McKinleyville is a census-designated place in Humboldt County, United States. McKinleyville is located 5.25 miles north at an elevation of 141 feet. The population was 15,177 at the 2010 census, up from 13,599 at the 2000 census; this unincorporated community is the third largest community, after Eureka and Arcata, on the far North Coast and larger than five of seven cities in the county. It is the location of the Arcata-Eureka Airport, the largest airport in Humboldt County and the region; the Wiyot and Yurok people continue to live here in their traditional territories. Some European settlers attempted genocide on these and other local peoples for their land and resources, yet both groups survive and are ingrained within the McKinleyville community. McKinleyville is a community made up of a combination of smaller settlements. Joe Dows settled in the general area in the 1860s and that area was known as Dows Prairie. South was a small community called Minor. Minor was first settled in the late-19th century.

Just south of Minor was Calville. Calville was settled by the employees of the California Barrel Company. After President William McKinley was assassinated in 1901 the community of Minor changed its name to McKinleyville in his honor. All three areas are collectively considered to be part of McKinleyville; the first post office at McKinleyville opened in 1903, closed in 1921, was re-opened in 1955. McKinleyville is a community with retail and professional businesses to serve its residents but is not an incorporated city or town. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 21.0 square miles, of which 20.8 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles, or 1.2%, is water. McKinleyville consists of several watershed areas; the north bank of the Mad River is the farthest watershed to the south. The next watershed to the north is Mill Creek Widow White Creek, Norton Creek, Strawberry Creek, Patrick Creek and the farthest watershed to the north is the south bank of the Little River.

To the west lies the Pacific Ocean. McKinleyville's climate is characterized by mild, rainy winters and cool, mild summers, with an average temperature of 55°F; the area experiences coastal influence fog all year round. 2010The 2010 United States Census reported that McKinleyville had a population of 15,177. The population density was 722.2 people per square mile. The racial makeup of McKinleyville was 13,010 White, 103 African American, 700 Native American, 211 Asian, 17 Pacific Islander, 338 from other races, 798 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,081 persons; the Census reported that 15,098 people lived in households, 79 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized. There were 6,283 households, out of which 1,979 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,784 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 691 had a female householder with no husband present, 386 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 619 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 58 same-sex married couples or partnerships.

1,731 households were made up of individuals and 515 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40. There were 3,861 families; the population was spread out with 3,452 people under the age of 18, 1,349 people aged 18 to 24, 4,306 people aged 25 to 44, 4,189 people aged 45 to 64, 1,881 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males. There were 6,565 housing units at an average density of 312.4 per square mile, of which 6,283 were occupied, of which 3,770 were owner-occupied, 2,513 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%. 9,459 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 5,639 people lived in rental housing units. 2000As of the census of 2000, there were 13,599 people, 5,277 households, 3,604 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 651.4 people per square mile. There were 5,494 housing units at an average density of 263.2 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the CDP was 87.64% White, 0.38% Black or African American, 4.56% Native American, 1.07% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.66% from other races, 4.63% from two or more races. 4.33 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 5,277 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.01. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $38,047, the median income for a family was $42,926.

Males had a median income of $35,395 versus $24,385 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $17,870. Abo

Toras Chaim (Chabad)

Toras Chaim is a two-volume work of Hasidic discourses on the books of Genesis and Exodus by the second Chabad Rebbe, Rabbi Dovber Schneuri. The work is arranged in a similar fashion as Likutei Torah/Torah Or, a fundamental work on Chabad philosophy authored by Rabbi Dovber's father, Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi, the founder of the Chabad movement. Both works are arranged according to the weekly Torah portion; the treatises in Toras Chaim are noted for their length and complexity, as well as their elucidation of concepts discussed in Likutei Torah/Torah Or. "Laughter is rooted in the soul’s potential for pure and uncompounded pleasure." "Within the soul, the source of humor is higher than intellect, for the pleasure derived from intellect is compounded." The seventh Chabad Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, recommended the study of Torah Or and Toras Chaim after one completed the study of Tanya, the central text of Chabad philosophy. Rabbi Schneerson explained that Torah Or expanded on the ideas in Tanya, through studying Toras Chaim these concepts would be elucidated.

Toras Chaim was published over the course of many years. The various editions expanded the multi-volume work until it had included Hasidic treatises covering the first two books of the Bible and Exodus; the first printing of Toras Chaim occurred during Rabbi Dovber's lifetime. The Kapust edition contained Hasidic treatises covering just the first half of the book of Genesis; the next edition of Toras Chaim was published in Warsaw, in 1866. The edition was published by Rafael Mordechai Schneerson, the great-nephew of Rabbi Dovber Schneuri, together with Schneur Schneerson, a grandson of Rabbi Dovber; this edition included treatises covering the second half of the book of Genesis. In 1946, the Chabad yeshiva in Shanghai and the central Chabad publishing house, Kehot Publication Society, republished the Warsaw edition of Toras Chaim. Additionally, a series of unpublished Hasidic treatises by Rabbi Dovber covering the book of Exodus were included in a separate second volume; the edition was published.

The second volume was never typeset. Instead, those treatises remained a photocopy of the original handwritten transcripts; the central Chabad publishing house in Brooklyn, Kehot Publication Society, republished Toras Chaim in 1974, 1993 and 2004. The 2004 edition is three-volume set. Toras Chaim on ChabadLibrary.org

Elsa Giƶbel-Oyler

Elsa Maria Giöbel-Oyler was a Swedish painter. Giöbel-Oyler was born in the small hamlet of Hällefors, Sweden to father, Adrian Giöbel and mother, Maria Matilda Carolina Giöbel, she had Anna Maria Björk, Louise Maria Hayward and Gerda Maria Lummis. Her aunt, Selma Giöbel, was a well-known textile artist. In 1911, she married the writer, Philip Oyler, in 1913 they had a daughter, Soldanella Oyler, who became an illustrator, she is known for her still life and landscape paintings. In 1928 and 1929, her work was shown at England. In 1929 she had an exhibition at the Royal Academy in London. In 1937 her work was exhibited at London. In 1952 she was given a retrospective exhibition at the Örebro Museum. Giöbel-Oyler is represented in the permanent collection of the Nationalmuseum Stockholm. Giöbel-Oyler died in 1972 in the small town of Nora, in the county of Örebro, in Sweden