McLaren F1 LM

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McLaren F1 LM
McLaren F1 LM.jpg
The McLaren F1 XP1 LM prototype on display
Overview
ManufacturerMcLaren Cars
Production1995
(6 produced including the prototype)
AssemblyWoking, Surrey, England
DesignerGordon Murray
Peter Stevens
Body and chassis
ClassSports car (S)
Body style2-door coupé
LayoutRMR layout
PlatformMcLaren F1
RelatedMcLaren F1 GTR
Powertrain
Engine6.1 L BMW S70/2 V12
Transmission6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,718 mm (107.0 in)
Length4,365 mm (171.9 in)
Width1,820 mm (71.7 in)
Height1,120 mm (44.1 in)
Kerb weight1,062 kg (2,341 lb)
Chronology
SuccessorMcLaren P1 LM

The McLaren F1 LM is a track oriented edition of the McLaren F1 built to honour the five McLaren F1 GTRs that competed and finished the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans in first, third, fourth, fifth and thirteenth places overall. The LM is based on the McLaren F1 GTR and built on the standard F1 chassis, with modifications necessary for the modified GTR to be a road legal car—but without the engine intake restrictions that racing regulations impose on the GTR racing car.

Background[edit]

In late 1995,[1] McLaren built five F1 LMs (LM for Le Mans) in honour of the five McLaren F1 GTR's that finished the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans and took the overall win.[2]

McLaren designed the standard F1 as an ultimate road car, in the sense that it strives to be comfortable and usable in everyday conditions despite being a potent sports car. However, the LM edition is a lower and stiffer, track-oriented vehicle, with a stripped down, bare interior, and solid aluminium bushings in place of the rubber bushings in the suspension system and without the Ground Plane Shear Centre system on the standard F1.[1][3]

McLaren F1 XP1 LM Prototype

Of the production run of six, five F1 LMs were sold and the sixth, the Papaya orange prototype F1 LM, XP1 LM, was retained by Mclaren and used as the platform for the continued development of the F1 chassis. This car, reportedly worth $25 million, was promised by McLaren CEO Ron Dennis to his driver Lewis Hamilton if he should win two Formula One World Championship titles.[4] Subsequently however, Lewis Hamilton left McLaren with his single World Championship title to drive for the rival Mercedes Formula 1 team in 2013 and the car still remains in possession of McLaren.

The F1 LMs can be identified by their Papaya orange paint. The F1 LM's were painted in this colour in memory and tribute to Bruce McLaren, whose race colour was Papaya orange.[3]

It has been discovered however, that contrary to the official word from McLaren at the time, only four (including the prototype) of the LMs were originally painted 'Papaya' orange, with two of the three delivered to The Sultan of Brunei being painted black with graphics.

Specifications and modifications[edit]

Weight[edit]

The weight was reduced by approximately 60 kg (132 lb) over that of original,[5] through the removal of various pieces of trim and use of optional equipment, i.a. no interior noise suppression, no audio system, a stripped down base interior, no fan assisted ground effect and no dynamic rear wing—giving the McLaren F1 LM a total mass of 1,062 kg (2,341 lb).[3]

Engine[edit]

The F1 LM also used the same engine as the 1995 F1 GTR without the race-mandated restrictors. The engine has a compression ratio of 11.0:1 and produces 680 bhp (507 kW; 689 PS) at 7,800 rpm.[3] It has a peak torque of 705 N⋅m (520 lbf⋅ft) at 4,500 rpm; the redline is at 8,500 rpm. The total weight and horsepower of the car gives it a weight to power ratio of 3.4 lb/hp.[6]

Aerodynamics[edit]

The aerodynamics of the LM is directly derived from the GTR race car.

The bodywork of the vehicle has the addition of a larger cooling duct at the nose of the machine and cooling ducts on either side of the car for the brakes where the storage lockers are seen on the standard F1. In the place of the small dynamic rear wing seen on the regular F1 there is a considerably larger, adjustable (but not active, i.e. automatically adjusted) CFRP rear wing mounted on the back of the vehicle, it has a CFRP splitter at the front, side skirts and extensions for the wheel arches to increase downforce and thus give the car more grip.[5] The car also features the diffuser from the GTR race car.[7]

Tyres[edit]

The McLaren F1 LM uses Michelin SX-MXX3 tyres and features specially-designed 18-inch (457 mm) magnesium alloy wheels.[7]

The tyres at the front are 275/35 ZR 18, while at the rear 345/35 ZR 18.[3]

The front wheels are 10.85 x 18 inches and at the rear 13.00 x 18 inches.[3]

Brakes[edit]

The carbon ceramic brakes on the GTR are not present on the LM, the front and rear callipers on the brakes are four-pot monobloc light alloy calliper, ventilated using the GTR95 Brake Cooling System.[7]

Gearbox, clutch and miscellaneous[edit]

The LM has an upgraded gearbox with gun drilled driveshaft from the Le Mans specifications, tripod CV joint and straight cut gears, although the gear ratios are identical to the standard F1, i.e. 3.23:1, 2.19:1, 1.71:1, 1.39:1, 1.16:1, 0.93:1, with a final drive of 2.37:1.[3][7] The magnesium casing for the gearbox that first appeared in the 1996 GTR is not in the LM.[1]

The clutch of the LM is a hydraulic remote actuation triple plate carbon/carbon clutch, the clutch is 200 mm (7.87 in) in diameter.[7]

The McLaren F1 LM has a fuel tank capacity of 90 l (23.8 US gal).[7]

Performance[edit]

The F1 LM is considered the fastest incarnation of the McLaren F1 road cars through the gears and in overall track performance.[5] It has a tested 0-60 mph (97 km/h) time of 3.9 seconds due to wheelspin at the start, 0-100 mph (161 km/h) in 6.7 seconds and was once the holder of many world records, including the 0-100-0 mph record it completed in 11.5 seconds (over a distance of 828 feet or 252 metres) when driven by Andy Wallace at the disused airbase RAF Alconbury in Cambridgeshire.[8]

Acceleration[edit]

  • 0–60 mph (97 km/h): 3.9 seconds[8]
  • 0–100 mph (161 km/h): 6.7 seconds[8]

Top speed[edit]

  • 225 mph (362 km/h), which is less than the standard version due to added aerodynamic drag.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Ultimatecarpage on the McLaren F1 and its derivatives".
  2. ^ "McLaren Automotive - LM history". Archived from the original on 18 November 2006.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "McLaren F1 LM". Supercars.net Publishing. Retrieved 5 May 2008.
  4. ^ Piecha, Stan (26 March 2008). "The Sun - Hamilton promised $4m supercar if he wins 2 titles". London.
  5. ^ a b c "McLaren Automotive - LM introduction".
  6. ^ "McLaren Automotive - LM specifications". Archived from the original on 10 November 2006.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "McLaren Automotive on detailed specifications for the LM".
  8. ^ a b c d "MotorTrend, with CAR Magazine, April 2000". Archived from the original on 6 October 2015.