The McLaren F1 LM is a track oriented edition of the McLaren F1 built to honour the five McLaren F1 GTRs that competed and finished the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans in first, fourth and thirteenth places overall. The LM is based on the McLaren F1 GTR and built on the standard F1 chassis, with modifications necessary for the modified GTR to be a road legal car—but without the engine intake restrictions that racing regulations impose on the GTR racing car. In late 1995, McLaren built five F1 LMs in honour of the five McLaren F1 GTR's that finished the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans and took the overall win. McLaren designed the standard F1 as an ultimate road car, in the sense that it strives to be comfortable and usable in everyday conditions despite being a potent sports car. However, the LM edition is a lower and stiffer, track-oriented vehicle, with a stripped down, bare interior, solid aluminium bushings in place of the rubber bushings in the suspension system and without the Ground Plane Shear Centre system on the standard F1.
Of the production run of six, five F1 LMs were sold and the sixth, the Papaya orange prototype F1 LM, XP1 LM, was retained by Mclaren and used as the platform for the continued development of the F1 chassis. This car worth $25 million, was promised by McLaren CEO Ron Dennis to his driver Lewis Hamilton if he should win two Formula One World Championship titles. Subsequently however, Lewis Hamilton left McLaren with his single World Championship title to drive for the rival Mercedes Formula 1 team in 2013 and the car still remains in possession of McLaren; the F1 LMs can be identified by their Papaya orange paint. The F1 LM's were painted in this colour in memory and tribute to Bruce McLaren, whose race colour was Papaya orange, it has been discovered however, that contrary to the official word from McLaren at the time, only four of the LMs were painted'Papaya' orange, with two of the three delivered to The Sultan of Brunei being painted black with graphics. In addition, two standard F1s were upgraded to "LM specification".
These were serial number 073 and 018. The engines were upgraded to 680 HP unrestricted GTR specification and had the Extra High Downforce Kit added to them, their interiors were made more comfortable over the F1 LM. Car serial number 018 had upgrades to the air conditioning units, the headlamps changed to a gas discharge type and the steering wheel changed to 14 inch unit. Moreover, race spec dampers and springs set to the softest settings for comfortable road use was added. 18 inch GTR wheels were used instead of the standard 17 inch and the tires were Michelin Sport. The weight was reduced by 60 kg over that of original, through the removal of various pieces of trim and use of optional equipment, i.a. no interior noise suppression, no audio system, a stripped down base interior, no fan assisted ground effect and no dynamic rear wing—giving the McLaren F1 LM a total mass of 1,062 kg. The F1 LM used the same engine as the 1995 F1 GTR without the race-mandated restrictors; the engine produces 680 bhp at 7,800 rpm.
It has a peak torque of 705 N⋅m at 4,500 rpm. The total weight and horsepower of the car gives it a weight to power ratio of 3.4 lb/hp. The aerodynamics of the LM is directly derived from the GTR race car; the bodywork of the vehicle has the addition of a larger cooling duct at the nose of the machine and cooling ducts on either side of the car for the brakes where the storage lockers are seen on the standard F1. In the place of the small dynamic rear wing seen on the regular F1 there is a larger, adjustable CFRP rear wing mounted on the back of the vehicle, it has a CFRP splitter at the front, side skirts and extensions for the wheel arches to increase downforce and thus give the car more grip; the car features the diffuser from the GTR race car. The McLaren F1 LM uses Michelin SX-MXX3 tyres and features specially-designed 18-inch magnesium alloy wheels; the tyres at the front are 275/35 ZR 18, while at the rear 345/35 ZR 18. The front wheels are 10.85 x 18 inches and at the rear 13.00 x 18 inches.
The carbon ceramic brakes on the GTR are not present on the LM, the front and rear callipers on the brakes are four-pot monobloc light alloy calliper, ventilated using the GTR95 Brake Cooling System. The LM has an upgraded gearbox with gun drilled driveshaft from the Le Mans specifications, tripod CV joint and straight cut gears, although the gear ratios are identical to the standard F1, i.e. 3.23:1, 2.19:1, 1.71:1, 1.39:1, 1.16:1, 0.93:1, with a final drive of 2.37:1. The magnesium casing for the gearbox that first appeared in the 1996 GTR is not in the LM; the clutch of the LM is a hydraulic remote actuation triple plate carbon/carbon clutch, the clutch is 200 mm in diameter. The McLaren F1 LM has a fuel tank capacity of 90 l; the F1 LM is considered the fastest incarnation of the McLaren F1 road cars through the gears and in overall track performance. It has a tested 0-60 mph time of 3.9 seconds due to wheelspin at the start, 0-100 mph in 6.7 seconds and was once the holder of many world records, including the 0-100-0 mph record it completed in 11.5 seconds when driven by Andy Wallace at the disused airbase RAF Alconbury in Cambridgeshire.
0–60 mph: 3.9 seconds 0–100 mph: 6.7 seconds 225 mph, less than the standard version due to added aerodynamic drag
"In Your Eyes" is a ballad sung by Irish singer Niamh Kavanagh that won the Eurovision Song Contest in 1993 for Ireland with 187 points. The song is a love song written and composed by Jimmy Walsh, where the singer tells how, after being lonely, she has found love and heaven in her lover's arms and how it had changed her. In 1992, the writer Walsh, based in New York, recorded a demo of the song in a studio there. One of the engineers suggested a girl singer. A then-unknown Idina Menzel listened to the song, she suggested a key change for the chorus. Walsh was concerned that this would make the song too difficult to sing, but Menzel insisted she could do it, she duly recorded the demo and this was sent out to Niamh Kavanagh, recommended to Walsh as being a singer who could handle the difficult ranges within the song. Kavanagh was unsure of wanting to compete in the Eurovision. Walsh said that he would withdraw the song if she didn't do it, so she agreed to enter with it. Kavanagh had a home win, since the contest took place in Ireland due to Linda Martin's win the previous year.
It was the second of Ireland's three victories in a row in the early Nineties. The song was performed fourteenth on the night. At the close of voting, it had received 187 points, placing 1st in a field of 25. Despite winning the Irish national song contest, Kavanagh found it difficult to find a record label willing to release the record due to its association with the contest, she funded the recording of it herself and released it in limited numbers in Ireland under a made-up label name, Eureyes Music. During the run up to the contest, she met with Simon Cowell, present with the UK entrant Sonia, he signed her up to Arista Records and the song was released internationally through them. "In Your Eyes" became the best selling single in Ireland for 1993. It reached No. 24 in the UK Singles Chart and became a minor hit in the Netherlands and Germany. The song was succeeded as winner in 1994 by Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan representing Ireland, singing "Rock'n' Roll Kids". Niamh Kavanagh returned to the Contest in 2010 with "It's for You", which came 23rd out of 25 countries, with 25 points in the final.
It wasn't until 2017, during a documentary on the Irish winners, that Kavanagh learned that the singer on the demo she had heard all those years ago was a young Idina Menzel, by internationally famous. "In Your Eyes" - 3:10 "In Your Eyes" - 3:09 "In Your Eyes" lyrics
Mary Gleim was the leading and most successful madam in the Old West days of Missoula, owning eight brothels in 1890. Born Minnie Winifred Gleeson on 9 February 1845 in Tipperary, her father, Thomas Gleeson, was reputed to be a landowning squire. Gleim received a good education including in the Romance languages. In 1869 she met the couple were married in Sussex, England the following year. John Gleim enjoyed drinking and gambling; the family's financial affairs were entrusted to Mary so John could carry on his lifestyle without worrying about the financial matters. The couple soon emigrated to America; the couple lived in San Francisco and the New York, where Gleim was reputedly included in the "Rogues Gallery" of New York's most wanted felons. The couple settled in St Louis where they amassed a sizeable fortune from prostitution. In 1888 the couple set out for Alaska to take advantage of the gold rush there, they were refused admission at Gleim's reputation proceeding her. After failing move to Alaska, Mary Gleim came to Missoula in 1888 with her husband, saw the potential for prostitution with the large number of railroad workers in the town.
She set up brothels one after another in West Front Street and ruled them with a fist of iron, becoming the "Queen of Missoula's Bad Lands". By 1890 she owned eight brothels. Known as "Mother Gleim", she was one of Missoula’s characters and owned a considerable number of properties in Missoula and elsewhere. Weighing 300 lbs, Gleim, in addition to brothel-keeping, was reputed to be a smuggler of diamonds and Chinese railroad workers. Gleim appeared before the county judge on various changes arising from her drunken rages, including verbal and physical assaults, she appeared in the civil court for refusal to pay contractors and to evict tenants who could not pay their rent. In January 1892, Gleim was convicted of assaulting two priests. Whilst drunk, she had attended church to pay respects to the "McCormick Child" who had died, she asked a group of priests for a candle to light in Latin. When the priests were unable to reply as they did not understand Latin, she ripped the frocks off Father J Neale and Brother Pascal Megazzini, claiming they were not fit to wear the holy raiments.
Gleim was fined $50, but because she had fail to turn up for court forfeited bonds and the fine totalled $736.30. Gleim has a long running feud with rival C. P "Bobby" Burns. Burns has once appeared as a witness against her in a dispute over property in Front Street; the pair had had numerous run-ins, one occasion Burns was horse whipped and dragged half a block behind a team of horses. Bobby Burns' house was blown up in the early hours of 12 February 1894. Although the house was levelled, Burns survived the blast. Two men were soon arrested. Reed was subsequently appeared as a witness for the prosecution. Mason was put on the details of the conspiracy to kill Burns came to light. Gleim was arrested, she was held in the county jail whilst awaiting trial. Gleim had taken a supply of liquor with her into the jail. Officers allowed Gleim out of the jail to collect rents from her properties in the red-light district. Whilst out, she assaulted a rival madam. At her trail, future Governor of Montana, Joseph M. Dixon, was the prosecutor and Gleim was defended by Judge Newton W. McConnell and Joseph K. Wood.
On 24 September she was found guilty and the following day was sentenced to 14 years imprisonment. Whilst incarcerated in Deer Lodge, Gleim was assaulted by another inmate, but never recovered from the stab wounds that were inflicted on her. Gleim's lawyers launched an appeal in November 1894 but this was turned down by the District Court of Missoula; that decision was appealed to the Montana Supreme Court. In October 1895 Gleim was released from jail pending a retrial. Two of the witnesses against her had committed. Bobby Burns died of a heart attack in March 1895. With no remaining witnesses, the state dropped the attempted murder charge against Gleim on 23 May 1896. Gleim died of influenza in West Front Street on 22 February 1914. Although she had lost $135,00 in a fail brick making enterprise, she left an estate of over $148,000, she died without a will and as her husband John had died in October 1896, her niece and nephew inherited her fortune. Her estate included property in Missoula, Ignatius and Canada.
Gleim left explicit instructions for her burial in the city cemetery. Whilst other headstones faced east and west, Gleim's faced the railroad so she could say goodbye to the railroad men who were her customers. Gleim had two of her properties rebuilt in Front Street: The "Gleim Building" at number 265 was built in 1893 and the "Gleim Building II" at 255-57 sometime between 1893 and 1902. Both buildings are registered on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places and bear plaques on the wall in tribute to Mary Gleim. Foley, Jodie. Speaking Ill of the Dead: Jerks in Montana History. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9780762768431. MacKell Collins, Jan. Red Light Women of the Rocky Mountains. UNM Press. ISBN 9780826346124. MacKell Collins, Jan. Good Time Girls of the Rocky Mountains: A Red-Light History of Montana and Wyoming. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9781493038084. Mathews, Allan James. A Guide to Historic Missoula. Montana Historical Society. ISBN 9780917298899. Olson, Eric. Courting Justice: More Montana Courthou