Interstate 80 is an east–west transcontinental freeway in the United States that runs from downtown San Francisco, California, to Teaneck, New Jersey, in the New York City Metropolitan Area. The highway was designated in 1956 as one of the original routes of the Interstate Highway System, its final segment was opened to traffic in 1986. It is the second-longest Interstate Highway in the United States, following I-90; the Interstate runs through many major cities including Oakland, Reno, Salt Lake City, Des Moines, Toledo, passes within 10 miles of Chicago and New York City. I-80 is the Interstate Highway that most approximates the route of the historic Lincoln Highway, the first road across the United States; the highway traces other significant travel routes in the Western United States: the Oregon Trail across Wyoming and Nebraska, the California Trail across most of Nevada and California, the first transcontinental airmail route, except in the Great Salt Lake area, the entire route of the First Transcontinental Railroad.
From near Chicago east to near Youngstown, Ohio, I-80 is a toll road, containing the majority of both the Indiana Toll Road and the Ohio Turnpike. I-80 runs concurrently with I-90 from near Indiana, to Elyria, Ohio. In Pennsylvania, I-80 is known as the Keystone Shortway, a non-tolled freeway that crosses rural north-central portions of the state on the way to New Jersey and New York City. I-80 begins at an interchange with U. S. Route 101 in San Francisco, crosses the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge into Oakland, it heads northeast through Vallejo and the Sierra Nevada mountains before crossing into Nevada. A portion of the route through Pinole involved the experimental transplantation of the rare species Santa Cruz tarweed in the right-of-way. In Nevada, I-80 traverses the northern portion of the state; the freeway serves the Reno–Sparks metropolitan area, it goes through the towns of Fernley, Winnemucca, Battle Mountain, Elko and West Wendover on its way through the state. The Nevada portion of I-80 follows the paths of the Truckee and Humboldt rivers, which have been used as a transportation corridor since the California Gold Rush of the 1840s.
The Interstate follows the historical routes of the California Trail, First Transcontinental Railroad, Feather River Route throughout portions of the state. I-80 in Nevada follows, at many points directly overlaps, the original route of the Victory Highway, State Route 1, US 40. After crossing Utah's western border in Wendover, I-80 crosses the desolate Bonneville Salt Flats west of the Great Salt Lake; the longest stretch between exits on an Interstate Highway is located between Wendover and Knolls, with 37.4 miles between those exits. This portion of I-80, crossing the Great Salt Lake Desert, is flat and straight, dotted with large warning signs about driver fatigue and drowsiness. East of the salt flats, I-80 passes the southern edge of Great Salt Lake and continues on through Salt Lake City, where it merges with I-15 for three miles before entering the Wasatch Mountains east of the city, it ascends Parley's Canyon and passes within a few miles of Park City as it follows a route through the mountains towards the junction with the eastern terminus of the western section of I-84.
From the junction it continues up Echo Canyon and on towards the border with Wyoming, near Evanston. The route of the Utah section of I-80 is defined in Utah Code Annotated § 72-4-113. In Wyoming, I-80 reaches its maximum elevation of 8,640 feet above sea level at Sherman Summit, near Buford, which at 8,000 feet is the highest community on I-80. Farther west in Wyoming, the Interstate passes through the dry Red Desert and over the Continental Divide. In a way, the highway crosses the Divide twice, since two ridges of the Rocky Mountains split in Wyoming, forming the endorheic Great Divide Basin, from which surface water cannot drain, but can only evaporate. I-80 enters Nebraska west of Bushnell; the western portion of I-80 in Nebraska runs close to the state of Colorado, without entering the state. The intersection of I-76 and I-80 is visible from the Colorado–Nebraska state line. From its intersection with I-76 to Grand Island, I-80 lies in the valley of the South Platte River and the Platte River.
The longest straight stretch of Interstate anywhere in the Interstate Highway System is the 72 miles of I-80 occurring between exit 318 in the Grand Island area and mile marker 390 near Lincoln. Along this length, the road does not vary from an ideally straight line by more than a few yards. After Lincoln, I-80 turns northeast towards Omaha, it crosses the Missouri River in Omaha to enter the state of Iowa. Part of I-80 in Nebraska is marked as a Blue Star Memorial Highway. I-80 is the longest Interstate Highway in Iowa, it extends from west to east across the central portion of the state through the population centers of Council Bluffs, Des Moines and the Quad Cities. It enters the state at the Missouri River in Council Bluffs and heads east through the southern Iowa drift plain. In the Des Moines area, I-80 meets up with the two routes bypass Des Moines together. In Ankeny, the Interstates split and I-80 continues east. In eastern Iowa, it provides access to the University of Iowa in Iowa City.
Northwest of the Quad Cities in Walcott is the World's Largest Truckstop. I-80 passes along the northern edge of Davenport and Bettendorf and leaves Iowa via the Fred Schwengel Memorial Bridge over the Mississippi River into Illinois; the majority of the highway runs through farmland, yet one-third of Iowa's population live along the I-80 corridor. In Illinois, I-80 run
Grand County, Colorado
Grand County is one of the 64 counties in the U. S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,843; the county seat is Hot Sulphur Springs. When Grand County was created February 2, 1874 it was carved out of Summit County and contained land to the western and northern borders of the state, in present-day Moffat County and Routt County, it was named after Grand Lake and the Grand River, an old name for the upper Colorado River, which has its headwaters in the county. On January 29, 1877 Routt County was created and Grand County shrunk down to its current western boundary; when valuable minerals were found in North Park, Grand County claimed the area as part of its county, a claim Larimer County held. It took a decision by the Colorado Supreme Court in 1886 to declare North Park part of Larimer County, setting Grand County's northern boundary. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,870 square miles, of which 1,846 square miles is land and 23 square miles is water.
Great Parks Bicycle Route TransAmerica Trail Bicycle Route Colorado River Headwaters National Scenic Byway Trail Ridge Road/Beaver Meadow National Scenic Byway As of the census of 2000, there were 12,442 people, 5,075 households, 3,217 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile. There were 10,894 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.15% White, 0.48% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 2.00% from other races, 1.15% from two or more races. 4.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.8 % were of 10.0 % English and 7.3 % American ancestry. There were 5,075 households out of which 28.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.70% were married couples living together, 5.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.60% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.85. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.80% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 34.70% from 25 to 44, 26.80% from 45 to 64, 7.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 112.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $47,759, the median income for a family was $55,217. Males had a median income of $34,861 versus $26,445 for females; the per capita income for the county was $25,198. About 5.40% of families and 7.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.90% of those under age 18 and 6.10% of those age 65 or over. Fraser Granby Grand Lake Hot Sulphur Springs Kremmling Winter Park Parshall Tabernash Radium Colorado portal List of counties in Colorado Saratoga County, Jefferson Territory National Register of Historic Places listings in Grand County, Colorado Official website Arapaho National Recreation Area website Colorado County Evolution by Don Stanwyck Colorado Historical Society Grand County Library District website Grand County News website Grand County Tourism Board website Town of Hot Sulphur Springs website Rocky Mountain National Park website Winter Park and Fraser Valley Chamber of Commerce website Grand Lake Chamber of Commerce homepage
Mount Werner is a mountain summit in the Park Range of the Rocky Mountains of North America. The 10,570-foot peak is located in Routt National Forest, 4.6 miles east-southeast of the City of Steamboat Springs in Routt County, United States. The mountain was renamed in 1964 in honor of skier Buddy Werner. Mount Werner is 150 miles northwest of Denver; the mountain reaches a height of 10,570 feet above sea level and has a base elevation of 6,900 feet, for a vertical rise of 3,670 feet. It has five peaks, Christie Peak, Thunderhead Peak, Sunshine Peak, Storm Peak, Mount Werner. Known as Storm Mountain, it was renamed in 1965 in honor of Buddy Werner, an Olympian from Steamboat Springs, killed in an avalanche in Switzerland in April 1964. Mount Werner stands within the watershed of the Yampa River, which drains into the Green River, the Colorado River, thence into the Gulf of California in Mexico; the Steamboat Ski Resort operates on 2,965 acres of the mountain. It is serviced by several chairlifts.
It receives some of the highest levels of snow in Colorado. The most recent ten-year snowfall average was 334 inches per year. Much of the mountain and the resort are contained within the Routt National Forest, it is the home mountain of Olympic bronze medalist snowboarder Arielle Gold. Mount Werner – 1964 Storm Mountain List of Colorado mountain ranges List of Colorado mountain summits List of Colorado fourteeners List of Colorado 4000 meter prominent summits List of the most prominent summits of Colorado List of Colorado county high points Steamboat resort Interactive maps and three live video "Mountain Cams" of the Steamboat Ski Resort on Mt. Werner
Campbell County, Wyoming
Campbell County is a county in the U. S. state of Wyoming. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 46,133, making it the third-most populous county in Wyoming, its county seat is Gillette. Campbell County comprises WY Micropolitan Statistical Area. Campbell County was created in 1911 of land annexed from Weston counties. Campbell County was named either for John Allen Campbell, a governor of the Wyoming Territory or for Robert Campbell, an early trapper, a fur trader associated with William Henry Ashley. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,807 square miles, of which 4,803 square miles is land and 4.0 square miles is water. Thunder Basin National Grassland As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 33,698 people, 12,207 households, 9,008 families in the county; the population density was 7 people per square mile. There were 13,288 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.06% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.93% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.12% from other races, 1.34% from two or more races.
3.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.3 % were of 11.4 % English, 11.0 % Irish, 8.5 % American and 6.2 % Norwegian ancestry. There were 12,207 households out of which 43.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.80% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.20% were non-families. Of 12,207 households, 785 were unmarried partner households: 675 heterosexual, 52 same-sex male, 58 same-sex female. 20.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.16. The county population contained 31.00% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 32.30% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, 5.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 105.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $76,576, the median income for a family was $53,927.
Males had a median income of $41,814 versus $21,914 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,063. About 5.60% of families and 7.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.70% of those under age 18 and 12.40% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 46,133 people, 17,172 households, 11,933 families in the county; the population density was 9.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 18,955 housing units at an average density of 3.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93.2% white, 1.2% American Indian, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 2.7% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 32.2% were German, 15.9% were Irish, 10.8% were English, 5.5% were American, 5.1% were Norwegian. Of the 17,172 households, 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.5% were non-families, 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.11. The median age was 31.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $76,576 and the median income for a family was $83,965. Males had a median income of $61,393 versus $31,769 for females; the per capita income for the county was $31,968. About 5.9% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over. Gillette Wright Antelope Valley-Crestview Sleepy Hollow Owing to its coal mining and oil wealth, Campbell County is overwhelmingly Republican. No Democratic Presidential candidate has carried Campbell County since Franklin D. Roosevelt won 46 of 48 contemporary states against Alf Landon in 1936. Since 1950, the only Democrat to have won forty percent of the county's vote is Lyndon Johnson in his 1964 landslide victory against Barry Goldwater, in the subsequent half-century no Democrat has passed one-third of the county's vote.
In 2016, Campbell came to rival Crook and Johnson counties for the unofficial title of “reddest county in the reddest state”, with Donald Trump outpolling Hillary Clinton by a twelve-to-one margin. Tom Lubnau, Speaker of the Wyoming House of Representatives Sue Wallis, Republican member of the Wyoming House from Campbell County National Register of Historic Places listings in Campbell County, Wyoming Campbell County Website Campbell County Observer Website
The Yampa River flows 250 miles through northwestern Colorado in the United States. Rising in the Rocky Mountains, it is a tributary of the Green River and a major part of the Colorado River system; the Yampa is one of the few free-flowing rivers in the western United States, with only a few small dams and diversions. The name is derived from the Snake Indians word for the Perideridia plant. John C. Frémont was among the first to record the name'Yampah' in entries of his journal from 1843, as he found the plant was abundant in the watershed; the headwaters of the Yampa are in the Park Range in Routt County, Colorado as the confluence of the Bear River and Phillips Creek, near the town of Yampa. The Bear River, larger of the two, flows from a source of 11,600-foot at Derby Peak in the Flat Tops Wilderness; the Yampa River flows north through a high mountain valley, through Stagecoach Reservoir and Lake Catamount, before reaching Steamboat Springs, where it turns west. Below Steamboat Springs, the Yampa flows through a wider valley in the western foothills of the Rockies.
It receives the Elk River from the north passes the towns of Milner and Hayden. After entering Moffat County the Yampa is joined by the Williams Fork. West of Craig, the Yampa crosses arid, sparsely populated sagebrush country for about 50 miles before reaching Cross Mountain Canyon, where the river slices a 1,000 ft deep gap through the namesake mountain. Below Cross Mountain the Yampa enters the open valley of Lily Park, where it is joined by its largest tributary, the Little Snake River. Further west it enters Dinosaur National Monument, where it traverses more than 40 miles of rugged canyons and rapids; the Yampa joins the Green in Echo Park deep within the national monument, about 5 miles from the Colorado–Utah border. The Yampa drains 7,660 square miles of semi-arid plateau country in northwestern Colorado and a small portion of southern Wyoming; the bulk of the watershed is located to the east. The Great Divide Basin, an area of closed drainage, borders the Yampa River basin to the north.
The Continental Divide runs along the north and east sides of the Yampa basin, separating it from the headwaters of the North Platte River, which flows into the Mississippi River system. On the south, the Yampa River basin is bordered by that of the White River, which like the Yampa flows in a westerly direction to join the Green; the Yampa River is a typical Western snow-fed stream, but unlike most other rivers in the western U. S. its seasonal discharge patterns are not affected by large dams and water projects. The river forms a shallow braided stream throughout much of its course; the lower three fourths of the Yampa, from the Elk River down, are navigable by small craft. However the meandering, shallow nature of the river can render the river unnavigable during late summer in low water years; the average flow at the confluence of the Green is 2,154 cubic feet per second, averaging 5,400 cu ft/s during the spring runoff of April–July, falling below 500 cu ft/s during late summer and autumn.
The upper section of the river freezes over between March. According to a U. S. Geological Survey stream gage at Deerlodge Park, about 50 miles above the mouth, the average river flow was 2,082 cu ft/s between 1983 and 2013; the highest annual mean was 4,431 cu ft/s in 2011, the lowest 678 cu ft/s in 2002. Monthly average flows were highest in lowest in September at 342 cu ft/s; the highest recorded peak flow was 33,200 cu ft/s during the record snowmelt of May 18, 1984. Because the Yampa River maintains a natural flow pattern, it supports a productive riparian zone environment along much of its course. In addition, much of the river is unconstrained by levees allowing it to maintain its natural floodplain; this is true of its main tributary, the Little Snake River. The Yampa River Preserve 17 miles west of Steamboat Springs protects a rare riparian forest type consisting of narrowleaf cottonwood, box elder and red-osier dogwood, once more common in the Upper Colorado River Basin; the Yampa's warm, silty waters are an ideal spawning ground for native fish such as the Colorado pikeminnow and humpback chub which have disappeared from dammed waterways in other parts of the Colorado River system.
Archaeological studies conducted in the Dinosaur National Monument have revealed evidence of human habitation up to 7000 BC. The Fremont culture or Desert Archaic people inhabited the Yampa River basin starting about 800 AD, but disappeared for reasons uncertain during the 1400s; the Fremont created petroglyphs along the Yampa River Canyon, of which more than 300 are still visible today. After the collapse of the Fremont culture, a branch of the Utes moved into the Yampa River basin; the White River Utes inhabited the valleys of the Yampa and White Rivers and the Rockies of northwestern Colorado. The band living in the Yampa River valley was known as the Yapudttka Utes. At times the river served as a boundary between the Utes and Comanche peoples to the north; the name Yamparika is a Snake Indians word meaning "yampa eaters", "yampa" referring to the edible roots of the Perideridia plant. "Yampa" itself meant "water-plant" or "common plant". In 1843 explorer John C. Frémont was among the first to record the name "Yampah", finding this plant to be of particular abundance in the watershed.
Some fur traders in the 1800s thought Yampa wa
John Long Routt
John Long Routt was an American politician of the Republican Party. Born in Eddyville, Kentucky, he served as the first and seventh Governor of Colorado from 1876 to 1879 and 1891 to 1893, he served as Mayor of Denver, Colorado from 1883 to 1885. He died in Colorado. John Long Routt was born in Eddyville and moved to Bloomington, Illinois shortly thereafter where he completed his public school education. Upon completion of his studies, he worked as a carpenter prior to entering elected office. While living in Illinois, he attained his first elected office as Sheriff of McLean County, Illinois. Routt's blossoming public service career was abruptly interrupted by service in the American Civil War, during which acted as a captain in the 94th Illinois Volunteer Infantry. U. S. President Ulysses S. Grant appointed John Routt as the Governor of the Territory of Colorado on March 29, 1875. Statehood had long been Colorado's primary interest. Thomas Patterson and Jerome Chaffee, in House Bill 435 provided for the creation of the Colorado state government.
Routt's time as Territorial Governor was spent deliberating the contents of the Colorado state constitution. After Colorado was established as a state, the popular Routt won the gubernatorial election without making a single speech in public; as the first governor, Routt tackled the major issues Colorado was facing at the time, including violence in and around the city of Creede, Colorado, as well as problems dealing with county valuations. Routt was very popular among the female citizenry of the state because of his strong support for women's suffrage - with nudges from his wife, Eliza Pickrell Routt, a pioneer in the women's suffrage movement. At one point, he arranged a speaking tour for popular women's suffragist Susan B. Anthony and escorted her around the state; when women in Colorado first became able to vote in 1893, his wife, Eliza Pickrell Routt, became the first woman to register to vote in Colorado history. Following his first two terms as Governor of Colorado, Routt entered the private sector, but re-entered public service again to serve as the Mayor of Denver, Colorado from 1883 to 1885.
After unsuccessfully running for the United States Senate, Routt ran for the governorship again in 1891, served as Colorado's seventh Governor until 1893. His third term was marked by a high level of disagreement within the Republicans in Colorado's state government. Routt was buried in Denver's Riverside Cemetery. Routt County, Colorado is named in his honor. History of Colorado Law and Government of Colorado List of Governors of Colorado State of Colorado Territory of Colorado Bibliography Lohse, Joyce B.. First Governor, First Lady: John and Eliza Routt of Colorado. Filter Press. ISBN 0-86541-063-1; the Governors of Colorado @ Colorado.gov Biography of John Long Routt @ Colorado.gov John Long Routt at Find a Grave