RMS Medina (1911)
RMS Medina was an ocean liner built by Caird and Company, Scotland, in 1911, for the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company. She was a Royal Mail Ship intended for use on the London to Australia route and was the last of the ten ships in P&O's M-Class. Medina left Portsmouth for India in November 1911, returning in February 1912 where she returned to Caird and Co. for refitting. She was delivered to P&O in June 1912, she had only two years of peacetime service before the First World War broke out, but remained with P&O during the war. SM UB-31 torpedoed her off Start Point, Devon on 28 April 1917. Today Medina's wreck is upright with a 15 degree list to port, she is reasonably intact despite salvage of copper and passengers' baggage from forward holds. Her stern is most damaged and she is sinking into the mud of the seabed, her bulkheads are collapsing and her compartments are folding down. Lettens, Jan. "SS Medina ". Wrecksite.eu
Medinah is an unincorporated community in the northeastern part of the U. S. is a northwestern suburb of Chicago. Medinah, located in DuPage County, is situated between the villages of Roselle and Bloomingdale and is located in eastern part of the Fox River Valley; the community of Medinah is named after the Medinah Country Club. In the 1920s, a group of members of the city of Chicago's Medinah Temple moved into the area known as Meacham. Together, they built a country retreat and 54-hole golf course, aiming to make it the best golf course in North America; the club had 1,500 members in the late 1920s. In 1999, a group led by Jack Roeser and backed by Senator James Philip attempted to bring a charter school to Medinah; the proposed Thomas Jefferson Charter School was met with NIMBY opposition by local residents. The charter school ended up opening on the northwest side of Chicago busing students from the northwest and west suburbs. Within the last 30 years, the growth of the Chicago metropolitan area has brought more people to the surrounding areas.
In spite of this growth, Medinah has remained adamant in retaining its identity conflicting with state agencies and other municipalities with regards to utilities and services. A recent point of contention was the widening of Medinah Road to five lanes—after vocal protests, IDOT agreed to widen the road to only three lanes; the first Post office opened as Meacham Illinois in 1874 in a general store. Meacham was named after the Meacham family. A never official but used early name for the community was Meacham's Grove, Illinois; the second Post Office was in the train station until 1963. Meacham, Illinois' name was changed to Medinah in 1924. Medinah is named after the Medinah Country Club; the third and current Post Office was opened in 1963. Medinah is located about 35 miles northwest of Chicago; the community center is located just south of the Medinah Metra Milwaukee District West train station at the corner of Medinah Road and Irving Park Road. Medinah is known for its large properties, with many homes situated on lot sizes of nearly an acre or more.
This gives the town rural characteristics, while still being close to shopping and expressways for easy travel. The boundaries of Medinah are more properly defined by the boundaries of its surrounding incorporated cities, but can be approximated by the Elgin-O'Hare Expressway to the north, Plum Grove Road to the west, Lake Street to the south and the Medinah Country Club to the east. According to the 2015 American Community Survey Medinah has an estimated population of 2,097 people and 744 households; the racial makeup of the area was 93.6% White, 1% African American, 5.2% Asian, 0.3% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population. The median age was 42.8 years. The age distribution was; the median household income was $132,917. The area had an income distribution. Medinah is home to the Medinah Country Club, which hosted the USGA US Open in 1990, 1975, 1949. Medinah hosted the 1999 and 2006 PGA Championships, as well as the 2012 Ryder Cup. Medinah Elementary School District 11 operates three schools in Medinah, the Medinah Primary School, Medinah Intermediate School, the Medinah Middle School.
In addition, the community of Medinah has a park district that operates several parks within the community. In addition, Lake Park High School District 108 operates the eastern campus of Lake Park High School on Medinah Road south of the community center. Medinah has a station on Metra's Milwaukee District/West Line, which provides daily rail service between Elgin and Chicago, Illinois. Medinah Country Club Metra Medinah station Midwest Shree Swaminarayan Temple, Medinah School District 11Medinah Primary School Medinah Intermediate School Medinah Christian School Lake Park High School Medinah Park District Hari Om Mandir website
Medina, North Dakota
Medina is a city in Stutsman County, North Dakota, United States. The population was 308 at the 2010 census. Medina was founded in 1899. Medina is located at 46°53′41″N 99°17′53″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.02 square miles, all of it land. Medina was called Eleventh Siding, under the latter name had its start in the 1870s when the railroad was extended to that point. A post office called Medina has been in operation since 1888; the city took its name after New York. The town made national news on February 13, 1983 when it was the site of a shoot-out in which two U. S. Marshals were slain; as of the census of 2010, there were 308 people, 144 households, 82 families residing in the city. The population density was 302.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 182 housing units at an average density of 178.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.4% White, 0.3% Asian, 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.
There were 144 households of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 43.1% were non-families. 37.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.82. The median age in the city was 43.3 years. 25.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 44.5% male and 55.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 335 people, 165 households, 99 families residing in the city; the population density was 331.3 people per square mile. There were 209 housing units at an average density of 206.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 99.40% White, 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.30% of the population. There were 165 households out of which 19.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.1% were married couples living together, 3.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.4% were non-families.
37.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 26.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.03 and the average family size was 2.62. In the city, the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 2.1% from 18 to 24, 20.6% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, 33.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $22,059, the median income for a family was $31,500. Males had a median income of $31,458 versus $17,500 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,860. About 4.8% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 15.0% of those age 65 or over. This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Elm Creek has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.
Diamond jubilee, North Dakota: 1899-1974 from the Digital Horizons website
Siege of Medina Fort
The Siege of the Fort du Médine took place in 1857 at Médine near Kayes modern-day Mali, when the Toucouleur forces of El Hadj Umar Tall unsuccessfully besieged French colonial troops under General Louis Faidherbe, governor of Senegal. France at this time was struggling to create a West African empire to rival the holdings of its powerful neighbor Britain; the previous year, the French legislature had voted the first funds for what would become the Dakar-Niger railway line, a key transportation system to link France's colonies. As the railroad line expanded toward the east, the army established a series of forts, moving troops and cannon into them by steamship where possible and overland where not. In 1848, Umar Tall launched his jihad against neighboring Malinké regions. By 1855, his rapid expansion had led to several skirmishes with the French army. With the authorization of his ally, Khasso Queen Hawa Demba Diallo, Governor Faidherbe ordered a fort built at the Khasso city of Medina, not far from Kayes.
In April 1857, Umar Tall declared war against the Khasso kingdom, marched on Medina Fort, their nearest outpost, with an army of 20,000 to 25,000 riflemen. He laid siege to the fort and began a series of assaults that resulted in hundreds of casualties for the Toucouleur army. In the 97 days that followed, the defenders' food supplies soon ran low, the fort was on the verge of surrendering when Faidherbe arrived by steamboat with supplies and 500 reinforcements, breaking the siege. Realizing the difficulties of attacking the well-equipped French, Umar Tall turned his attention to the neighboring Bambara Empire, soon conquering most of its territory including its capital of Ségou. However, the French continued to expand their West African presence, conquering Ségou and the Toucouleur Empire less than thirty years after Umar Taal's death; the Fort du Medine is open to the public. The Fort is located about 12 km east of Kayes on the "road to Bamako." There is an old railroad station and European-style cemetery with graves from the mid-19th century.
The village population is around 1800 with a small market daily. Initial article is based on a translation of the corresponding article from the French Wikipedia, retrieved on July 5, 2005 B. O. Oloruntimeehin; the Segu Tukulor Empire. Humanities Press, New York. SBN 391002066
The River Medina is the main river of the Isle of Wight, rising at St Catherine's Down near Blackgang and Chale, flowing northwards through the capital Newport, towards the Solent at Cowes. The river is a navigable tidal estuary from Newport northwards, its current state has occurred because the Medina used to be a tributary of what was once the "River Solent" and had a much larger catchment area. As the Solent valley flooded and the island eroded, the river received less water flow and more sediment, causing it to become more tidal; the river is bridged at Newport. Cowes is connected to East Cowes by a chain ferry known as the Cowes Floating Bridge; the name Medina comes from the Old English Meðune meaning "the middle one", the current pronunciation was first recorded as'Medine' in 1196. The river is used by yachtsmen as a safe harbour. Along the banks of the Medina there are many old warehouses and wharves where in the past flying boats and steam ships were developed and built; the Classic Boat Museum displays much of the river's history alongside the history of yachting.
The Island Harbour Marina, at the site of an old tidal mill, is on the river, about two miles from Newport. As well as the chain ferry, the River Medina has several small ferries which cater for sailors. Medina, Western Australia is a suburb in Perth named after it. Rivers of the United Kingdom
Medinah Country Club
Medinah Country Club is a private country club in Medinah, with nearly 600 members and 640 acres containing three golf courses, Lake Kadijah, swimming facilities, a golf learning center, golf shop, gun club, racket center and a Byzantine-style, mosque-evoking clubhouse with Oriental, Louis XIV and Italian architectural aspects. Medinah is known for its Course 3, now at 7,657 yards, which has hosted five major championships: three U. S. Opens and two PGA Championships, as well as the Ryder Cup in 2012; the club was founded in 1924 by the Medinah Shriners and by the late 1920s had 1,500 golfing and social members. The first golf course was opened in September of 1925, followed by Course 2 in 1926, Course 3 in 1928. During the construction of the courses, Richard G. Schmid, a Shriner and charter member of the club, had designed the clubhouse itself The Great Depression brought severe financial hardship and many members left; the club responded by waiving initiation fees, lowering dues, holding fundraising events, hosting professional golf tournaments.
Non-Shriners were allowed to apply for membership. World War II exacerbated membership fell far below capacity. Course 2 was closed and members helped with upkeep on the two remaining courses. During the post war era Medinah entered a period of gradual membership growth; the Duke of York once visited the club and remarked, "I've never seen such a place, it is quite strange, yet attractive." Medinah has three golf courses in a 54-hole complex. Many noted golf professionals have played Course 3, beginning with "Lighthorse" Harry Cooper at the Medinah Open in 1930. Other noted players include Gene Sarazen, Byron Nelson, Cary Middlecoff, Billy Casper, Gary Player, Hale Irwin and Tiger Woods. Tommy Armour, winner of multiple major championships and the namesake of a well-known golfing equipment brand, was Medinah's head pro for many years. Course 3 hosted the Western Open three times in 1939, 1962, 1966. Medinah's courses were designed by Tom Bendelow. Noted American golf course designer A. W. Tillinghast played a major role in the design changes to Course 3 in the 1930s.
In the 1930 Medinah Open, Lighthorse Harry played the course with a 63 in the second round. The junior course record of 68 is jointly held by Kenny Wittenberg. Medinah's board approved a redesign of the course, subject to the availability of funds and the return of adjacent land to the club by Medinah's four founders; the major redesign was followed by several more changes. Roger Packard's 1986 redesign in preparation for the U. S. Open brought substantial changes and was followed by Rees Jones' work in preparation for the 2006 PGA Championship, which extended Course 3 to 7,561 yards, at the time, the longest golf course in major championship history. Furthermore, Medinah Country Club is noted for the three waterfront par three holes in numbers 2, 13, 17. Medinah's Course 3 will play host to the BMW Championship in 2019. Woods's appearances at Medinah have enhanced the club's international reputation, his first win at the course was the 1999 PGA Championship. During the late afternoon of the final round, Sergio García hit a shot on the 16th hole that seemed to have at least earned the 19-year-old a playoff, but Woods maintained his focus before a raucous crowd and preserved a one-stroke win.
In 2006 Woods won by five strokes and became the first to win the PGA Championship twice on the same course. In recognition of this achievement Woods was made a member of the club. All held on Course 3: Bolded years are major championships on the PGA Tour. Denotes the winning margin after a playoff of 18 holes. 91 Holes denotes a sudden-death playoff was used after the score was tied following the 18-hole playoff. Medinah hosted the Ryder Cup in 2012, its first time in the state of Illinois, the first U. S. venue outside the eastern time zone since 1971. The full tournament took place between September 25–30, with the main competition taking place from September 28–30 on Course 3; the club offers various amenities to its members apart from the three golf courses. As they are a part of the club, each of these are exclusive to club members, throughout the year, the club holds various events where guests can be invited by members to experience the club's amenities; the clubhouse features six different member dining areas featuring food from Executive Chef Michael Ponzio.
These include a family style restaurant which features seasonal menu changes. A member bar. East and west verandas, outdoor seating areas that overlook one of the practive putting greens; the Oasis, the most casual setting of the country club, which serves as a bar and a family restaurant. The Backyard Patio and Grill, a resting spot near the pool and backyard practice putting green; the Golf Shop is a 3000 sq. ft. building separate from the main clubhouse. The shop included golf apparel and equipment; the driving range includes seven target greens as well as a short game area. The club has two practice putting greens, one located in the front of the clubhouse, one in the backyard. Located to the southeast side of the clubhouse, the pool features two diving boards, five competitive swim lanes, as well as a deck for seating. Near the poolside is the Cabana bar and a snack bar; the golf learning center has three virtual practice bays, a fitness bay, custom club fitting. The center first opened in the wint
Medina transliterated as Madīnah, is a city in the Hejazi region of the Arabian Peninsula and administrative headquarters of the Al-Madinah Region of Saudi Arabia. At the city's heart is al-Masjid an-Nabawi, the burial place of the Islamic prophet, it is one of the two holiest cities in Islam, the other being Mecca. Medina was Muhammad's destination of his Hijrah from Mecca, became the capital of a increasing Muslim Empire, under Muhammad's leadership, serving as the power base of Islam, where Muhammad's Ummah, composed of both locals and immigrants from Muhammad's original home of Mecca, developed. Medina is home to three prominent mosques, namely al-Masjid an-Nabawi, Quba Mosque, Masjid al-Qiblatayn. Muslims believe that the chronologically final surahs of the Quran were revealed to Muhammad in Medina, are called Medinan surahs in contrast to the earlier Meccan surahs; the Arabic word al-Madīnah means'the city'. Before the advent of Islam, the city was known as Yathrib; the word Yathrib has been recorded in Surat al-Ahzab of the Quran.
The city has been called Taybah and Tabah. An alternative name is al-Madīnah an-Nabawiyyah or Madīnat an-Nabī; as of 2010, the city of Medina has a population of 1,183,205. Inhabitants of Yathrib during the era before Muhammad's arrival included Jewish tribes; the city's name was changed to Madīna-tu n-Nabī or al-Madīnatu'l-Munawwarah. Medina is celebrated for containing al-Masjid an-Nabawi and as the city which gave refuge to him and his followers, so ranks as the second holiest city of Islam, after Mecca. Muhammad was buried in Medina, under the Green Dome, as were the first two Rashidun caliphs, Abu Bakr and Umar, who were buried next to him in what used to be Muhammad's house. Medina is 210 miles north about 120 miles from the Red Sea coast, it is situated in the most fertile part of all the Hejazi territory, the streams of the vicinity tending to converge in this locality. An immense plain extends to the south; the historic city formed an oval, surrounded by a strong wall, 30 to 40 feet high, dating from the 12th century CE, was flanked with towers, while on a rock, stood a castle.
Of its four gates, the Bab-al-Salam, or Egyptian gate, was remarkable for its beauty. Beyond the walls of the city and south were suburbs consisting of low houses, yards and plantations; these suburbs had walls and gates. All of the historic city has been demolished in the Saudi era; the rebuilt city is centred on the vastly expanded al-Masjid an-Nabawi. The graves of Fatimah and Hasan, across from the mosque at Jannat al-Baqi', Abu Bakr, of Umar ibn Al-Khattab), the second caliph, are here; the mosque has been twice reconstructed. Because of the Saudi government's religious policy and concern that historic sites could become the focus for idolatry, much of Medina's Islamic physical heritage has been altered. Medina's importance as a religious site derives from the presence of al-Masjid an-Nabawi; the mosque was expanded by the Umayyad Caliph Al-Walid I. Mount Uhud is a mountain north of Medina, the site of the second battle between Muslim and Meccan forces. Quba Mosque, the first mosque built by Muhammad, is now located in the metropolitan area of Medina.
It was destroyed by lightning about 850 CE, the graves were forgotten. In 892, the place was cleared up, the graves located and a fine mosque built, destroyed by fire in 1257 CE and immediately rebuilt, it was restored by Qaitbay, the Egyptian ruler, in 1487. Masjid al-Qiblatain is another mosque historically important to Muslims, it is where the command was sent to Muhammad to change the direction of prayer from Jerusalem to Mecca, according to a hadith. Like Mecca, the city of Medina only permits Muslims to enter, although the haram of Medina is much smaller than that of Mecca, with the result that many facilities on the outskirts of Medina are open to non-Muslims, whereas in Mecca the area closed to non-Muslims extends well beyond the limits of the built-up area. Both cities' numerous mosques are the destination for large numbers of Muslims on their'Umrah. Hundreds of thousands of Muslims come to Medina annually while performing pilgrimage Hajj. Al-Baqi' is a significant cemetery in Medina where several family members of Muhammad and scholars are buried.
Islamic scriptures emphasise the sacredness of Medina. Medina is mentioned several times for example ayah. Medinan suras are longer than their Mecca counterparts. There is a book within the hadith of Bukhari titled'Virtues of Medina'. Sahih Bukhari says: Narrated Anas: The Prophet said, "Medina is a sanctuary from that place to that, its trees should not be cut and no heresy should be innovated nor any sin should be committed in it, whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits sins he will incur the curse of God, the angels, all the people." By the fourth century, Arab tribes began to encroach from Yemen, there were three prominent Jewish tribes that inhabited the city into the 7th century CE: the