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Medium-range ballistic missile

A medium-range ballistic missile is a type of ballistic missile with medium range, this last classification depending on the standards of certain organizations. Within the U. S. Department of Defense, a medium-range missile is defined by having a maximum range of between 1,000 and 3,000 kilometres. In modern terminology, MRBMs are part of the wider grouping of theatre ballistic missiles, which includes any ballistic missile with a range of less than 3,500 kilometres. Agni II Ashoura DF-2 DF-16 DF-21 Emad Fajr-3 Ghadr-110 Ghauri-I Ghauri-II Jericho II J-600T Yıldırım IV Turkey - under development Khorramshahr Hwasong-9 Hwasong-10/RD-B Musudan Pukkuksong-1 Pukkuksong-2 Pershing II PGM-19 Jupiter Pukkuksong-2 Raad-500 R-5 Pobeda R-12 Dvina Rodong-1 RT-15 Sejjil Shahab-3 Ababeel Shaheen-III Pakistan Shaheen-II Pakistan SSBS S1 Intercontinental ballistic missile Intermediate-range ballistic missile Short-range ballistic missile theatre ballistic missiles Hypersonic cruise missile

Te Kopuru

Te Kopuru is the largest community on the Pouto Peninsula in Northland, New Zealand. The Wairoa River separates the peninsula at this point from the main North Auckland Peninsula to the east. Dargaville is 14 km to the north; the area was occupied by Ngāti Awa, but the Ngāti Whātua displaced them in the late 17th or early 18th century. During the Musket Wars of the early 19th century, fighting between Ngā Puhi and Ngati Whatua and the effects of influenza depopulated the area. In 1841, a skull found in a Pakeha farmer's store at Mangawhare infuriated local Māori, who enacted “Muru” or attacked and plundered his store. A court exonerated the farmer and the perpetrators of the “Muru” ceded the land at Te Kopuru as compensation; the perpetrators had no rights in the land. A hui held at Te Kopuru in 1860 to make peace between Ngāti Whātua and Ngā Puhi was attended by about 600 people. An attempt to set up a kauri sawmill at Te Kopuru began in 1867, but the machinery was damaged because the ship was leaky, the owners refused its delivery.

The mill was completed in 1870, began operating the following year. The mill was the largest in New Zealand, producing 120,000 feet of timber per week in 1875, it was destroyed by fire in 1883, but rebuilt, rebuilt again after another fire in 1906 The town had a stable population of about 215 by the end of the decade. By 1876, the town had stores which were "fitted up in first-rate style, well-stocked" and a library, but no hotel. A Post Office opened in 1877. In 1878, the town was described as like the "port of some thriving inland city". A steamer service provided transport to Dargaville and Helensville twice a week from February 1878, a road to Dargaville opened in 1879; the population increased to 440 during the 1890s. A road was built south to Tikinui in 1897, metalled the following year. A library was built in 1899. Gum-diggers were active in the area in the 1890s through at least 1910, around the turn of the century W Brown and Sons established a boat building yard at Te Kopuru. Dairy herds became established in the early 20th century, In 1903, the Customs Office was moved to Te Kopuru from Pouto.

A hospital was built to treat the accident victims from Te Kopuru and Tatarariki, with Te Kopuru as the hospital site rather than Dargaville because the mill towns had a larger population. The first sealed road in the Kaipara District was the one from Te Kopuru to Mount Wesley, just south of Dargaville, in about 1918; the mill closed in 1920. Having a hospital sustained the town; the road north degraded to a metalled road by the 1930s. In 1956, the general wards of Te Kopuru Hospital moved to the new hospital in Dargaville. Maternity and services for the elderly continued, although the main hospital building burned down in 1959. In 1971, the hospital closed with maternity services moved to the Dargaville Hospital. A ferry service was established in 1934 running from Raupo to Tikinui; the service was established to transport milk from dairy farms on the Pouto Peninsula to the dairy factory located in Ruawai, but many travelers to the peninsula found using the ferry service preferable to driving through Dargaville.

This was true during the Toheroa season when families would come from all over the country to harvest the shellfish, found on the west coast beaches of Northland, that many thought of as a delicacy. Improved road conditions and the establishment of a railway line led to the service being discontinued around 1971; some Ngāti Whātua marae are located around Te Kopuru. Ōtūrei Marae and Rangimārie Te Aroha meeting house are affiliated with Te Uri o Te Popoto. The Waikāretu or Pōuto Marae and Rīpia marae siteare connected with Te Uri o Hau. Te Kopuru had a population of 465 at the 2013 New Zealand census, an increase of 12 people since the 2006 census. There were 240 females. 72.2% were European/Pākehā, 43.1% were Māori, 3.5% were Pacific peoples and 1.4% were Asian. Eddie Dunn Ian Dunn John Carter, politician Jane Goulding, hockey player Warwick Henderson, art gallery curator Ross Meurant and policeman Clem Simich, politician Kendrick Smithyman, poet Lawrence Weathers, Victoria Cross recipient Clifton Webb, politician Te Kopuru School is a coeducational full primary school with a roll of 114 students as of March 2019.

The school was founded in 1872. In 1937, the primary schools in Tikinui and Redhill consolidated into Te Kopuru School. Aratapu District High School, a little to the north of Te Kopuru, closed in 1965; the nearest secondary school is now in Dargaville. Welcome to Te Kopuru Te Kopuru in the Cyclopedia of New Zealand, 1902

George Napier Johnston

Major-General George Napier Johnston, was a senior officer of the British Army who served with the New Zealand Military Forces during the First World War. Born in Canada in 1867, Johnston was commissioned in the British Army in 1888. An artillery instructor, he served in British India and in 1904 was placed on secondment with the New Zealand Military Forces for three years before returning to the United Kingdom, he was serving in New Zealand as Inspector of Artillery when the First World War broke out and joined the New Zealand Expeditionary Force, being raised for service abroad. He served at Gallipoli as commander of the artillery of the New Zealand and Australian Division and fulfilled the same role on the Western Front with the New Zealand Division. During the war he received several decorations in recognition of his war service, he commanded the New Zealand Division while it was stationed in Germany on occupation duty after the war before being discharged from the NZEF. He commanded the artillery of the 52nd Division from 1919 to 1924 before he retired from the British Army.

He died in Dar es Salaam in what is now Tanzania at the age of 79. George Napier Johnston was born on 20 August 1867 in Canada, he entered the Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario in 1884 and graduated four years later. After graduating from Kingston, Johnston accepted a commission with the Royal Garrison Artillery of the British Army and for the next ten years served in a variety of postings. In 1898 he was promoted to captain. Johnston had completed a four-year term in India as an artillery instructor when he was seconded to the New Zealand Military Forces in 1904, he served as a staff officer with artillery units for three years before resigning his position to go back to the United Kingdom. He returned to New Zealand in 1911 to serve as Director of Artillery. At the commencement of the First World War, Johnston was Inspector of the Artillery. In response to the outbreak of the war in Europe, the New Zealand government authorised the raising of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force for war service overseas.

Johnston was appointed commander of the Field Artillery Brigade and embarked from Wellington with the main body of the NZEF in October 1914. The NZEF was intended for service on the Western Front, but following the entry of Turkey into the war it was diverted to Egypt while in transit; when the New Zealand and Australian Division was formed in 1915, Johnston was appointed commander of its artillery. This only consisted of a single brigade of 16 guns, including four howitzers, much less than the normal divisional complement of artillery. Despite the lack of guns and ammunition, his work with the artillery was regarded during the Gallipoli Campaign. In October 1915, prior to the Allied evacuation from Gallipoli, he was made a temporary brigadier-general. On establishment of the New Zealand Division in 1916 Johnston was appointed commander of its artillery and promoted to lieutenant-colonel while retaining his temporary rank of brigadier-general; the division deployed to France in April 1916 and his artillery spent a period in the Armentieres sector supporting the division's infantry during trench raids.

Two months after arriving in France he was appointed to the Distinguished Service Order for services in the field. In September 1916 the divisional artillery saw extensive action during the Battle of the Somme, it supporting the troops for 56 consecutive days during the Somme battle by providing well coordinated barrages and counter fire which helped the infantry to take the majority of their objectives. This feat owed much to the proficiency of Johnston, awarded the Croix de Officier of the Légion d'honneur in May 1917; this French award is uncommon to New Zealanders: fewer than 100 awards have been made, Johnston was one of only 14 members of the New Zealand Military Forces to be decorated with the Legion of Honour during the war. Johnston's artillery performed well during the Battle of Messines and in the early stages of the Third Battle of Ypres, overcoming difficult conditions during the New Zealand Division's attack at Broodseinde on 4 October 1917; as ground conditions continued to deteriorate in the days leading up to the First Battle of Passchendaele, Johnston warned the commander of the division, Major-General Andrew Russell, that his artillery were not adequately prepared.

Mud had affected the positioning of his artillery and prevented sufficient supplies of ammunition getting through to his guns. When the division attacked on 12 October, it failed to fulfil its key objectives. During the Hundred Days' Offensive, which began in August 1918, the nature of the fighting changed from static trench combat to more mobile and open warfare as the Germans retreated in the face of Allied advances. Johnston had to alter his tactics and use of artillery, he devised a command structure whereby his artillery batteries were attached to advancing infantry and, under the command of a senior officer at brigade headquarters, would move forward in a staggered fashion to provide continued fire support as the division advanced. The artillery of adjacent British divisions were static in comparison and not as able to support rapid forward movement. By the end of the war, Johnston had been mentioned in despatches eight times and appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George.

In early 1919 he was promoted to temporary major-general and commanded the New Zealand Division while it was stationed in Germany on occupation duty. He oversaw the disbandment of the division that year. Discharged from the NZEF, he rejoined the British Army. On his return to the British Army, Johnston reverted to his substantive rank of lieutenant-colonel and was a


The Philicorda was an electronic organ first produced in the 1960s by Philips. It targeted the home market; the Philicorda came out of the Philips Natuurkundig Laboratorium in Eindhoven, under Tom Dissevelt and Dick Raaijmakers, who worked on electronic music and electronic musical instruments. The AG7400 was launched onto the market in 1961, as a four-octave, 49 keys single manual, beginning with tone C version. Unusually for the time, it outputs; the organ shipped with a volume pedal and offered three settings--organ, organ with bass keys and single-finger chords. The AG7400 did not have an internal speaker. At the beginning of 1963, its successor, the AG7500, was launched as the Philicorda; as well as the AG 7500/00, various other versions were produced amongst others for the English and German markets. Located below the AG7500 was a tube amplifier with speakers; the AG7600, launched soon after, was a soundbar type separate amplifier with loudspeakers and offered a spring reverb effect. The Philicorda 751 was launched in 1967, some of them had both valves and transistors, followed by the 22GM752, transistorized.

A model, the 22GM753, launched at the end of 1967, was designed for the stage and was transistorized. Although Philicordas, from the AG7400 to the 22GM753, had slight differences in sound, the Philicorda's typical warm tone, produced using cold cathode tube oscillators, was consistent over the years; each Philicorda had 17 pre-programmed chords. In the US, the Philicorda 753 was distributed by J. C. Penney under the Penncrest name, available in blue or black, as opposed to the previous natural wood finishes; the GM754 was launched in the early 1970s, with altered chord availability, speaker holes below the chassis and sliders instead of knobs. The GM760 series were double-manual organs. In the late 1970s, Philips launched the double-manual PhilicordaRhythm series. In the 1960s, the Philicorda was utilized by bands including The Monks. In recent years, the organ has undergone a revival. Notable users include Nick Power of The Teenage Fanclub's Norman Blake; the Philicorda features on 19 by Adele

Raya Airways

Raya Airways Sdn Bhd is a cargo airline with its head office in the Raya Airways Centre in the Cargo Complex of Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport in Subang, Malaysia. It is an express freighter charter company; the airline was established in November 1993 as Transmile Air. It has courier transportation services between Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia and services international companies such as DHL Express, United Parcel Service, Air Macau and CEN Worldwide, among others. Raya Airways provides aircraft charters and wet leases specialists with experience operating cargo flights around the world. Raya Airways was designated a National Cargo Carrier by the Malaysian Transport Ministry in 1996. Raya Airways began with one Boeing 737 and one Cessna Grand Caravan in providing air express transport service to Pos Malaysia Berhad for their courier business to East Malaysia in November 1993, it developed into an international company and the only dedicated intra-Asian overnight express cargo operator in Malaysia.

Their first Boeing 727 freighter service commenced in 2000 for the Kuala Lumpur/Penang-Bangkok-Hong Kong courier sector. It was an extended operation for DHL International Limited. Over five years, owing to the increasing demand of freight services in the region, Raya Airways increased their Boeing 727 fleet to 10; as part of the strategy to expand their operations and network of connecting routes, Raya Airways acquired four MD-11s in 2005. They started the MD-11 operation for Kuala Lumpur-Hong Kong-Los Angeles sector in the third quarter of 2005. From 2002 to 2006, Raya Airways provided air cargo service to Air Macau, their subsidiaries are K-Mile Air of Thailand and now-defunct Megantara Air of Indonesia, both of which operated aircraft transferred from their fleet. The Raya Airways fleet consists of the following aircraft: Malaysia Kota Kinabalu - Kota Kinabalu International Airport Kuala Lumpur - Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport Hub Kuching - Kuching International Airport Labuan - Labuan Airport Miri - Miri Airport Hong Kong Hong Kong - Hong Kong International Airport Indonesia Jakarta - Soekarno-Hatta International Airport Singapore Singapore - Singapore Changi Airport Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City - Tan Son Nhat International Airport Official website

Jake Ballard

Jacob Owen Ballard is a former football tight end who played in the National Football League for the New York Giants, New England Patriots and Arizona Cardinals. He played college football at Ohio State and was signed by the Giants as an undrafted free agent in 2010 and won Super Bowl XLVI with them against the Patriots. Ballard grew up in Ohio, he went to Springboro High School and started on both sides of the ball in football and started on the basketball team. He attended Ohio State University, where he caught 34 passes for 377 yards, averaging 11.1 yards per catch, 3 touchdowns. Ballard was signed by the New York Giants as an undrafted free agent following the 2010 NFL Draft on April 25, 2010, he was waived/injured after suffering a hamstring injury during training camp on August 19. He was re-signed to the team's practice squad on September 5, he was promoted to the active roster on November 20. He played in the game against the Philadelphia Eagles the following day, playing eights snaps, he was waived on November 23, re-signed to the practice squad the following day.

He was promoted to the active roster again on December 16. Ballard played in the November 6, 2011 game against the New England Patriots at Gillette Stadium in Foxborough, finishing the day with 67 receiving yards, including a 28-yard catch on 3rd and 10 with:51 left and the subsequent 1-yard touchdown catch with just 17 seconds to play; the Giants won the game 24-20 to maintain a 2-game lead in the NFC East and hand the Patriots their second straight loss for the first time since 2009. Ballard left in the second half with a torn ACL in his left knee. After leaving the field, he attempted to run and cut on the sideline, but collapsed unable to reach full speed. Replacing Ballard was teammate Bear Pascoe, who finished the game with 4 catches for 33 receiving yards; the Giants defeated the Patriots in the Super Bowl 21-17. While Ballard was recovering from his ACL injury, the Giants decided to place him on injured reserve; because they decided to do so during the offseason, NFL rules required that he be exposed to waiver claims before they could do so.

While Ballard and his agent expected that he would clear waivers, New England claimed him off waivers on June 12, 2012. He spent the entire 2012 regular season on the Physically Unable to Perform list. On August 30, 2013 Ballard was informed of his release. After cutting rookie tight end D. C. Jefferson due to his arrest, the Cardinals agreed to terms with Ballard on November 4, 2013. Ballard was expected to split time with tight ends Jim Rob Housler. On December 15, 2013, Ballard caught his first touchdown pass in two years in a win against the Tennessee Titans, he caught seven passes for 75 yards and two touchdowns. On August 6, 2014, Ballard announced his retirement from the NFL because "after sustaining a serious knee injury while playing for the New York Giants in the Super Bowl, my body never felt the same. Having a quality of life after football is important to me and I have witnessed it taken away from others." Ballard is a real estate agent with Howard Hanna Real Estate Services in Ohio.

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