Medway is a conurbation and unitary authority in Kent in the region of South East England. It had a population in 2014 of 274,015; the unitary authority was formed in 1998 when the City of Rochester-upon-Medway amalgamated with Gillingham Borough Council and part of Kent County Council to form Medway Council, a unitary authority independent of Kent County Council. Over half of the unitary authority area is rural in nature; because of its strategic location by the major crossing of the River Medway, it has made a wide and significant contribution to Kent, to England, dating back thousands of years, as evident in the siting of Watling Street by the Romans and by the Norman Rochester Castle, Rochester Cathedral and the Chatham naval dockyard and its associated defences. The main towns in the conurbation are: Strood, Chatham and Rainham; these are traditionally known as the Medway Towns. Many smaller towns and villages such as Frindsbury, Walderslade, Wigmore etc. lie within the conurbation. Outside the urban area, the villages retain parish councils.
Cuxton and Wouldham are in the Medway Gap region to the south of Rochester and Strood. Hoo St Werburgh, High Halstow, St Mary Hoo, Allhallows and Grain are on the Hoo Peninsula to the north. Frindsbury Extra including Upnor borders Strood. Medway includes parts of the North Kent Marshes, an environmentally significant wetlands region with several Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Other similar areas of conservation include Ranscombe Farm on chalk grassland and woodland between Strood and Cuxton, with rare woodland flowers and orchids. Medway is one of the boroughs included in the Thames Gateway development scheme, it is the home of Universities at Medway, a tri-partite collaboration of the University of Greenwich, the University of Kent and Canterbury Christ Church University on a single campus in Chatham, together with the University for the Creative Arts, which has a campus in Rochester. The Medway area has a long and varied history dominated by the city of Rochester and by the naval and military establishments principally in Chatham and Gillingham.
Rochester was established on an Iron Age site by the Romans, who called it Durobrivae, to control the point where Watling Street crossed the River Medway. Rochester became a walled town and, under Saxon influence, a mint was established here; the first cathedral was built by Bishop Justus in 604 and rebuilt under the Normans by Bishop Gundulf, who built the castle that stands opposite the cathedral. Rochester was an important point for people travelling the Pilgrims' Way, which stretches from Winchester to the shrine of Thomas Becket at Canterbury; the Pilgrims' Way crossed the Medway near Cuxton. In Rochester, parts of the Roman city wall are still in evidence, the city has many fine buildings, such as the Guildhall, built in 1687 and is among the finest 17th-century civic buildings in Kent. In Medway there are 832 Listed buildings and 22 conservation areas; the Royal Navy opened a anchorage dockyard in Gillingham during the reign of Henry VIII, in 1567 the Royal Naval Dockyard was established in Medway.
Although it is called Chatham dockyard, two-thirds of the dockyard lie within Gillingham. The dockyard was closed in 1984, with the loss of eight thousand jobs at the dockyard itself and many more in local supply industries, contributing to a mid-1980s Medway unemployment rate of sixteen percent, it was protected by a series of forts including Fort Amherst and the Lines, Fort Pitt and Fort Borstal. The majority of surviving buildings in the Historic Dockyard are Georgian, it was here that HMS Victory, Admiral Lord Nelson's flagship at Trafalgar, was built and launched in 1765. Sir Francis Drake learned his seamanship on the Medway. Other notable sea-faring and naval figures, such as William Adams, were raised on the Medway but apprenticed elsewhere; the river was further protected by such fortifications as Upnor Castle which, in 1667 in varying accounts says it was successful in thwarting the Dutch raid on the dockyard, or the commanding officer fled without firing on the Dutch. Another warship built at Chatham that still exists is HMS Unicorn laid down in February 1822, launched 30 March 1824.
She never has been restored and is preserved afloat in Dundee, Scotland. There have been other naval disasters in Medway other than the Raid on the Medway. On 25 November 1914 the battleship HMS Bulwark was moored at buoy number 17 at Kethole Reach on the River Medway, she was taking on coal from the airship base at Kingsnorth, on the Isle of Grain when an internal explosion ripped the ship apart. In all, the explosion killed 51 officers. Five of the 14 men who survived died of their wounds, all of the others were wounded. There are mass and individual graves in Woodlands Cemetery in Gillingham for the Bulwark's dead, who were drawn from the Portsmouth area; the explosion could be heard from up to 20 mi at Whitstable. In terms of loss of l
Rochester is a town and was a historic city in the unitary authority of Medway in Kent, England. It is at the lowest bridging point of the River Medway about 30 miles from London. Rochester was for many years a favourite of Charles Dickens, who owned nearby Gads Hill Place, basing many of his novels on the area; the Diocese of Rochester, the second oldest in England, is centred on Rochester Cathedral and was responsible for the founding of a school, now The King's School in 604 AD, recognised as being the second oldest continuously running school in the world. Rochester Castle, built by Bishop Gundulf of Rochester, has one of the best preserved keeps in either England or France, during the First Barons' War in King John's reign, baronial forces captured the castle from Archbishop Stephen Langton and held it against the king, who besieged it. Rochester and its neighbours and Gillingham, Strood and a number of outlying villages form a single large urban area known as the Medway Towns with a population of about 250,000.
These places nowadays make up the Medway Unitary Authority area. It was, until 1998, under the control of Kent County Council and is still part of the ceremonial county of Kent, under the latest Lieutenancies Act; the Romano-British name for Rochester was Durobrivae Durobrivis c. 730 and Dorobrevis in 844. The two cited origins of this name are that it either came from "stronghold by the bridge" or is the latinisation of the British word Dourbruf meaning "swiftstream". Durobrivis was pronounced'Robrivis. In times, the word cæster was added to the name and the city was called Robrivis Cæster. Bede mentions the city in ca. 730 and calls it Hrofes cæster, mistaking its meaning as Hrofi's fortified camp. From this we get 811 Hrofescester, 1086 Rovescester, 1610 Rochester; the Latinised adjective'Roffensis' refers to Rochester. Neolithic remains have been found in the vicinity of Rochester. During the Celtic period it was one of the two administrative centres of the Cantiaci tribe. During the Roman conquest of Britain a decisive battle was fought at the Medway somewhere near Rochester.
The first bridge was subsequently constructed early in the Roman period. During the Roman period the settlement was walled in stone. King Ethelbert of Kent established a legal system, preserved in the 12th century Textus Roffensis. In AD 604 the bishopric and cathedral were founded. During this period, from the recall of the legions until the Norman conquest, Rochester was sacked at least twice and besieged on another occasion; the medieval period saw the building of the current cathedral, the building of two castles and the establishment of a significant town. Rochester Castle saw action in the sieges of 1215 and 1264, its basic street plan was set out, constrained by the river, Watling Street, Rochester Priory and the castle. Rochester has produced two martyrs: St John Fisher, executed by Henry VIII for refusing to sanction the divorce of Catherine of Aragon; the city was raided by the Dutch as part of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. The Dutch, commanded by Admiral de Ruijter, broke through the chain at Upnor and sailed to Rochester Bridge capturing part of the English fleet and burning it.
Rochester has for centuries been of great strategic importance through its position near the confluence of the Thames and the Medway. Rochester Castle was built to guard the river crossing, the Royal Dockyard's establishment at Chatham witnessed the beginning of the Royal Navy's long period of supremacy; the town, as part of Medway, is surrounded by two circles of fortresses. The outer line of Palmerston Forts was built during the 1860s in light of the report by the Royal Commission on the Defence of the United Kingdom and consists of Fort Borstal, Fort Bridgewood, Fort Luton, the Twydall Redoubts, with two additional forts on islands in the Medway, namely Fort Hoo and Fort Darnet. During the First World War the Short Brothers' aircraft manufacturing company developed the first plane to launch a torpedo, the Short Admiralty Type 184, at its seaplane factory on the River Medway not far from Rochester Castle. In the intervening period between the 20th century World Wars the company established a world-wide reputation as a constructor of flying boats with aircraft such as the Singapore, Empire'C'-Class and Sunderland.
During the Second World War, Shorts designed and manufactured the first four-engined bomber, the Stirling. The UK's decline in naval power and shipbuilding competitiveness led to the government decommissioning the RN Shipyard at Chatham in 1984, which led to the subsequent demise of much local maritime industry. Rochester and its neighbouring communities were hit hard by this and have experienced a painful adjustment to a post-industrial economy, with much social deprivation and unemployment resulting. On the closure of Chatham Dockyard the area experienced an unprecedented surge in unemployment to 24%. Rochester was recognised as a City from 1211 to 1998; the City of Rochester's ancient status was unique, as it had no formal council or Charter Trustees nor a Mayor, instead having the office of Admiral of the River Medway, whose incumbent acted as de facto civic leader. Since Norman times Rochester had always governed land on the other side of the Medway in Strood, known as Strood Intra.
Eric Goulden, known as Wreckless Eric, is an English rock/new wave singer-songwriter, best known for his 1977 single "Whole Wide World" on Stiff Records. More than two decades after its release, the song was included in Mojo magazine's list of the best punk rock singles of all time, it was acclaimed as one of the "top 40 singles of the alternative era 1975–2000". Wreckless Eric was born in East Sussex, he is a cousin of actress Gemma Arterton through her mother. In 1973 he began attending Art School in Hull, where he joined bands such as Dirty Henry that played local clubs. On a break after his first year at school he saw the High Roads in Oldham. Struck by their honest approach to music, Eric decided to employ the same to his composing and performing, his next band and the Flip Tops, were the first incarnation of what would be known as the DIY style. He first became known as one of the original members of the late 1970s Stiff Records artist roster, along with Ian Dury, Elvis Costello and Nick Lowe.
Eric's first appearance on record was "Whole Wide World" on the Stiff label sampler A Bunch of Stiff Records in April 1977. The single version of that song was released in August; the song was produced by, featured bass and guitar by Nick Lowe, with Steve Goulding on drums. The following month, the song was one of five tracks broadcast for the first of two sessions Eric recorded for DJ John Peel at BBC Radio 1; the song went on to make number 47 in John Peel's'Festive Fifty', the so-called'lost list' of 1977. The song's reputation has grown over the years and numerous bands have covered "Whole Wide World", such as the Lightning Seeds, Mental As Anything, The Monkees, The Proclaimers, Paul Westerberg, Cage The Elephant, his debut album Wreckless Eric was a Top 50 hit in the UK Albums Chart. His second album with Stiff Records was The Wonderful World of Wreckless Eric. Eric became unhappy with Stiff Records' business ideas and promotion; the label forced Eric to work with songwriting teams, hired backing bands and assigned his music to unsympathetic producers.
By 1980, shortly after the release of Big Smash!, he decided to leave Stiff and record music at his home studio. Despite leaving the mainstream music business, he has continued writing songs and performing throughout Europe and the United States. Since the 1980s Eric has released albums on numerous independent record labels. Eric's post-Stiff bands/projects include: The Captains of Industry, The Len Bright Combo, Le Beat Group Electrique, The Hitsville House Band and one album called "Karaoke" under his real name, Eric Goulden. In 1985 he released A Roomful of Monkeys with Captains of Industry, it was followed in 1986 by a couple of homemade garage albums with "The Len Bright Combo". He always stayed in touch with Ian Dury and the Blockheads – two Blockheads, Norman Watt-Roy and Mick Gallagher, were in the Captains of Industry. In 1989, he signed to New Rose Records as Eric Goulden, released the homemade Le Beat Group Electrique with bassist André Barreau and drummer Catfish Truton; this same year he moved to France, in a quiet countryside corner where he stayed for about ten years.
By the time he made this move to the vineyard country, he had ended his "career of full-time alcoholic" that he referred to in his autobiography. Eric toured Eastern Europe in a 1960s Peugeot car, both solo and with his band. In 1990, he released a second Le Beat Group Electrique album, recorded live in a New Rose record shop in Paris, entitled At the Shop with Eduardo Leal de la Gala and Fabrice Bertran on the drums. Together they formed the Hitsville House Band. Eric returned to the UK in 1998, wrote his autobiography A Dysfunctional Success – The Wreckless Eric Manual about his life in England in the punk rock years and the music industry, ending at his departure for France. A second part is expected. Eric contributed his version of "Clevor Trever" to the Ian Dury tribute album Brand New Boots and Panties released in 2001. A new album Bungalow Hi was home-recorded and released in 2004; the soundtrack to the 2002 film, contained " Whole Wide World". " Whole Wide World" appears in the 1996 film Different for Girls.
In late 2005, Eric toured the UK supporting fellow ex-Stiff artists The Damned. In the 2006 film, Stranger Than Fiction, starring Will Ferrell, Ferrell sings "Whole Wide World" while playing the guitar, until the original Wreckless Eric version takes over. In 2008, Wreckless Eric & Amy Rigby was released; the album had a sound, described as including "lots of strummed acoustic guitars and melodic bass lines and atmospherics created by vintage keyboards, processed electric guitars and electronic effects". They toured to support the album. Eric joined The Proclaimers onstage at Edinburgh Castle in Scotland, on 19 July 2008, to perform his song, " Whole Wide World" which they covered on their album, Life With You. Eric and Amy Rigby joined John Wesley Harding onstage at Wiggins Park in Camden, New Jersey on 25 July 2009, to perform " Whole Wide World". In September 2010, Eric and Rigby offered a track for the compilation album, Daddy Rockin Strong: A Tribute to Nolan Strong & The Diablos, they recorded a cover of the 1950s doo-wop song, "I Want To Be Your Happiness."
The Wind Records, along with Norton Records, released the album. After some yea
James Taylor Quartet
The James Taylor Quartet are a British four-piece jazz funk band formed in 1987 by Hammond organ player James Taylor following the break-up of his former band The Prisoners in the wake of Stiff Records' bankruptcy. The band consists of James Taylor, Mark Cox, Andrew McKinney, Pat Illingworth. Recordings and live performances include vocalist Yvonne Yanney; the James Taylor Quartet's first single, "Blow-Up", was released in 1987 on the Re Elect The President label, which would become the Acid Jazz label. The track was championed by the NME and John Peel, appearing in Peel's Festive Fifty chart for 1987; the band's debut 7 track mini album, Mission Impossible followed and predominantly comprised covers of 1960s film themes such as "Alfie", "Mrs. Robinson" and "Goldfinger" in a rough, up-tempo punk-like style, focussed on Taylor's Hammond organ playing, their second album, The Money Spyder, was the soundtrack to an imaginary spy film, applying the band's distinctive style to Taylor's own compositions.
While promoting these albums The James Taylor Quartet developed a strong reputation as a live band, that remains to this day. The live set focuses on accessible rhythm driven music, that some classify as having elements of modern dance music, despite including a lot of improvised solos. During this period a contract with a major record led to them playing to increasing audiences; the band recorded their signature tune "The Theme From Starsky and Hutch" featuring Fred Wesley and Pee Wee Ellis of The JBs in 1988 and this was included on their next album "Wait A Minute". Their popularity as a live act led to the release of the live album Absolute – JTQ Live in 1991, which attempted to capture the experience of the band in concert. In the early 1990s the band changed direction and released a string of song-based albums to appeal to the fashionable Soul and Acid Jazz scene in the UK, they featured vocalists such as Rose Windross of Alison Limerick and Noel McKoy. McKoy became a permanent member of the band for part of this period.
The single "Love the Life" reached the Top 40 and the accompanying album Supernatural Feeling reached the top 30 in the UK charts. The next album In the Hand of the Inevitable, featuring Alison Limerick as guest vocalist on three songs, saw a return to the Acid Jazz label, where it remains the label's biggest selling album. Since the James Taylor Quartet have returned to their original style of instrumental Hammond-led jazz funk workouts on albums, that have showcased the band's instrumental talents. Cover versions such as "Whole Lotta Love", "Dirty Harry" and "Jesus Christ Superstar"' are still recorded in the same spirit as the band's debut "Blow-Up" single, but the albums are original compositions. Live gigs feature a vocalist and showcase songs from the soul period of the band, they received a Music of Black Origin nomination for their second live album Whole Lotta Live. The James Taylor Quartet produced a bona-fide film theme of their own, when they contributed to the soundtrack of the first Austin Powers film.
As well as their own recordings, James Taylor and members of the quartet have collaborated with Tom Jones on the duets album Reload and featured on records by The Wonder Stuff, Manic Street Preachers, The Pogues, Kingmaker and U2. They were the house band on Gaby Roslin's short-lived Channel 4 chat show. In the late 1990s, James Taylor began composing and recording library music for the Bruton Music company. A series of releases were made available for use by the media industry in TV advertisements, films etc; as this material is not available for sale to the general public it is sought after by completist, diehard fans. The James Taylor Quartet have released three albums under the name New Jersey Kings; these are similar in style to the core funky Hammond sound of JTQ, but have tended to be recorded live in the studio resulting in a more natural yet raw sound. Some performances during 2005 included an augmented horn section and have been promoted as the James Taylor Funk Orchestra. During 2005 Nigel Price replaced David Taylor.
As part of the EFG London Jazz Festival, the James Taylor Quartet were backed by a full orchestra when they played at Cadogan Hall in London on November 21st 2018 for the premiere performance of their new album'Soundtrack from Electric Black', which preceded the album's release on November 30th on Audio Network.'Soundtrack from Electric Black' was the culmination of over thirty years of holding onto a musical vision that has developed within Taylor since he was a small child growing up in 1970s Britain. Taking his inspiration from the great film composers such as Bernard Herrmann, Lalo Schifrin, Henry Mancini, Quincy Jones and John Barry, Taylor wanted to make exciting, cinematic orchestral music that, as he puts it, "grooves like a motherfucker" in a way that retains an identifiable UK vibe. Taylor had always lamented never being able to convince a record label to commit to making the record he wanted to make – or, more needed to make: "Labels would go halfway, give me some budget for a big horn section or a decent studio.
But I guess they didn't share my vision, so the record never got made - until now." Realising it takes a substantial musical education to create orchestral music, Taylor applied to study composition and orchestration at various music colleges but was rejected. As a result, to familiarise himself with how musical scores look and work, he joined a local church
Strood is a town in the unitary authority of Medway in Kent, South East England. It lies on the northwest bank of the River Medway at its lowest bridging point, is part of the Rochester post town. Strood was incepted as a manor chapelry of Frindsbury until gaining its own parish status in 1193. Today Frindsbury is in all but a few associations such as in the Church of England, the northern part of Strood. Strood's history has been dominated by the river and facing port-associated towns its road and rail bridges since the Roman era to Rochester and the two other Medway Towns adjoining and beyond from the north-east quarter of Kent to London and the rest of Britain, it has a mixed leisure area at its heart. Most of its sources of employment are the other Medway towns, their associated commercial and logistics parks and London, as an outer commuter town. Among its broadest named neighbourhoods are the "Earl estate" and Marlowe Park, one named after a house builder, the other after the grounds of a former mansion house.
Strood was part of Frindsbury until 1193. It was named "Strodes" in the Textus Roffensis; the Old English name Strōd refers to a "marshy land overgrown with brushwood". The Romans laid a road on a causeway across the marshy ground; the foundations were about 8 ft below the level of the 1856 road. The road went up Strood Hill, was called Watling Street, as it still is today; this is the A2 road. There is further evidence of a causewayed road leading along the bank towards the Frindsbury Peninsula leading to a villa, was found in 1819; the present road and field pattern suggest that there was a substantial Roman agricultural settlement centred near Frindsbury. In 764 AD Offa King of Mercia and Sigered King of Kent granted to Eardulph lands in Easlingham. In 840, 994, 998 AD Strood was pillaged by the Danes. In 960 AD a wooden bridge was built across the Medway. A small wooden church was erected at Strood in 1122, as a chapel of ease in the parish of Frindsbury. Land was granted in 1160 to the Knights Templar by King Henry II.
The Manor House was used as a Lodging House. In 1193, Strood became a parish, it was run by the monks of Newark Hospital, had its own burial grounds. Corruption in the finances of the Newark Hospital set in and worsened until reforms were put in place formally in 1330 by the Bishop of Rochester Hamo de Hethe. In 1291 there was an affray at Newark Hospital between the Monks of Strood and the locals from Frindsbury. In 1264 Simon de Montfort laid siege to Rochester Castle from the Strood Side. In the action the wooden bridge was destroyed by fire. After Simon's death a heavy fine was levied on Strood; the Strood Quay and Strood Wharf had been built by Bishop de Glanville with rents going to Newark Hospital. In 1293 the Rochester wharf was in such disrepair that ships had to use the Strood facilities, however as the bridge was out of use, ferries had to be used to cross the river. In 1309, a harsh winter, the bridge was damaged by ice. In 1312 the Knight's Templar were suppressed and the Manor of Strood passed into private hands before being passed on to the Abbess and Sisters Minorites of St. Clare of Denney in Cambridgeshire.
In 1387 a stone bridge was built by John de Robert Knolles. In 1460 Edward IV appointed a mayor of Rochester with jurisdiction over Strood river frontage and the houses there. Strood was owned by the Rochester monastery from the 18th year of Edward III's reign until the Dissolution of the Monasteries under Henry VIII, after which time as part of the Hundred of Sharnel which included Cobham, it was passed to George Brooke, Lord Cobham, his grandson Henry Brooke lost his estates to James I in 1603 through a false charge of treason, although he escaped with his life. The Temple Manor thereafter was granted to Sir Robert Cecil, the Earl of Salisbury, who became Lord Treasurer of England under Queen Elizabeth, married Elizabeth, sister of Henry, Lord Cobham.1554 Thomas Wyatt of Allington, heard that the queen intended to marry a Catholic and gathered an army with intention of marching to London. He took The Bridge. According to Marsh there was to have been a battle at Strood; however Coulson records that Wyatt seized six cannon.
Wyatt marched on Cooling Castle. The rebellion fizzled out and Wyatt was executed along with captain of the deserters; the parish accounts begin in 1555. Following the accession and marriage of Queen Mary the country reconverted to Roman Catholicism and a considerable sum was spent re-converting the church; however just nine years in 1565 a further five-year period of refurbishment was required to convert the church back to Protestant usage following the accession of Queen Elizabeth I. The parish registers start from this date. Mindful of the changes, the churchwardens waited until 1574 before going to St. Dunstan's Fair in Rochester to sell "a cross and other relics of Roman superstition used in Strood Church". In the 1672 the parishes of St. Margaret's, Rochester and St Nicholas, Strood jointly applied to the Court of Chancery for a ruling, decided in their favour to extend the area over which Watts charities could operate; the parish of Strood utilised some of the money to provide a workhouse for the poor.
Above the door was set a stone slab, now displayed in the Guildhall Museum, Rochester. The text is reproduced alongside. In 1769, under authority of the 1768 Paving Act, a tollgate was erected at The Angel Inn on North Street in Strood, to pay for improvements
Holly Golightly (singer)
Holly Golightly is a British singer-songwriter. Her mother christened her after the self-antagonist in Truman Capote's Breakfast at Tiffany's, her musical style ranges from garage rock to R&B. While she was dating Thee Headcoats' drummer Bruce Brand she had an impromptu singing performance with his band. Billy Childish, founder of the Headcoats, added her to the line up of The Delmonas and changed the name to Thee Headcoatees. Thee Headcoatees were a garage band that backed up the Thee Headcoats. In 1995 she started her solo career but continued to be an active member of Thee Headcoatees until they disbanded in 1999. For her solo career, she draws from rhythm and blues and sounds of the 1960s or earlier, she has released 13 albums of her own and has collaborated with other musicians, such as Billy Childish, Rocket from the Crypt and The White Stripes. She performed two songs on the soundtrack of the film Broken Flowers: "There Is an End" by The Greenhornes & Holly Golightly, "Tell Me Now So I Know" by Holly Golightly, a song written by Ray Davies.
She is a collector of rare old songs which she covers. Golightly formed a duo in the mid-2000s, recording and touring extensively with her longtime bandmate Lawyer Dave; as Holly Golightly and The Brokeoffs, they released five albums and one EP between 2007 and 2012. Their first album, You Can't Buy A Gun When You're Crying, is a reference to comedian Lord Carrett's joke "I learned a lot from my second marriage... I learned they won't sell you a handgun if you're crying..." Holly Golightly & The Brokeoffs were winners of the ninth annual Independent Music Awards for the best Americana album, Dirt Don't Hurt. In 2003, she sang with The White Stripes on the track "It's True That We Love One Another" on their fourth album, Elephant. Time Out New York described her as an "English garage rock doyenne." In 2012, they released Sunday Run Me Over, their first album recorded at their home in rural Georgia. The Good Things The Main Attraction Laugh It Up Painted On Serial Girlfriend In Blood God Don't Like It Desperate Little Town Truly She Is None Other Slowly but Surely Slowtown Now!
Do The Get Along Holly Golightly & the BrokeoffsYou Can't Buy a Gun When You're Crying Nobody Will Be There Dirt Don't Hurt Medicine County No Help Coming Long Distance Sunday Run Me Over All Her Fault Coulda Shoulda Woulda Clippety Clop Up the Empire Live in America Singles Round-Up Down Gina's at 3 Live at Maxwell's 24 November 2004 My First Holly Golightly Album Down The Line nobody will be there Jiggy Jiggy with Holly Golightly EP, Vinyl Japan "Virtually Happy", Damaged Goods Mary-Ann EP, Vinyl Japan "No Big Thing", Hangman's Daughter "Girl in the Shower", Super Electro "Pinky Please Come Back", Super Electro "Come the Day", Damaged Goods "Believe Me", Sympathy for the Record Industry "Listen/Rain Down Rain", KRS "Walk a Mile", Damaged Goods "On the Fire", Damaged Goods "Christmas Tree on Fire", Damaged Goods "My 45", Damaged Goods "Devil Do" EP, Transdreamer Records "Seven Wonders", Damaged Goods Official website Record Label Holly Golightly Interview by mixtape.gr November 2008 Interview with L.
Gillingham is a town in the county of Kent in South East England. For local government purposes it is in the unitary authority of Medway; the town includes the settlements of Brompton, Wigmore, Rainham which has its own significant retail and leisure hub, Rainham Mark and Twydall. Gillingham means a "homestead of Gylla's family", from Old English ham and ingas, was first recorded in the 10th century as Gyllingeham. Gillingham became an urban district under the Local Government Act 1894, gaining municipal borough status in 1903. John Robert Featherby was the first mayor of the Borough of Gillingham. In 1928 Rainham was added to the Gillingham Borough. Under the Local Government Act 1972 it became a non-metropolitan district, it merged with the other Medway Towns in 1998 under the 1990s UK local government reform, to become part of the Medway unitary authority. The Municipal Buildings in Canterbury Street were built as council offices for Gillingham Borough Council, they were opened by the Lord Mayor of London, Sir George Broadbridge, on 25 September 1937.
The Lord Mayor was received at Gillingham Railway Station by a guard of honour of boys of HMS Arethusa. Before the Second World War, air raid sirens were placed on the Municipal Buildings, the local Civil Defence headquarters were in a single-storey building, to the rear of the car park. In about 1953, beneath part of the car park, Gillingham Borough Control Centre was built undergroung; when Gillingham Borough Council merged with Rochester upon Medway to form the unitary Medway Authority in 1998, the buildings were still used as council offices and for meetings for several years afterwards. Medway Council moved into the former Lloyd's of London headquarters at Chatham Gun Wharf, the Municipal Buildings were considered surplus to requirements, they were sold off in 2008 under a contract. The town grew along the road from Brompton to the railway station; as such it was a linear development. Close by was the road along the shore line, linking The Strand, the tiny village of Gillingham Green. Communities developed along the top road- Watling street – turnpike linking Chatham with Dover.
All these communities merged into the town, called today Gillingham. Gillingham experiences an oceanic climate similar to all of the United Kingdom. Due to its southerly, marine position near the European continent the climate is among the warmest in the whole of England; the name Gillingham is recorded in the Domesday book of 1086. It is said to have been named after a warlord, Gyllingas—from the old English gyllan, meaning "to shout", he was a notable man in Kent history as he led his warriors into battle shouting. At the time of the Norman Conquest, Gillingham was a small hamlet, it was given to the half-brother of William I of England, Bishop of Bayeux, who rebuilt the parish church at Gillingham and constructed an Archbishop's Palace on land bordered by Grange Road, the ruins of which could still be seen in the last century. Gillingham itself, at the time, was a small hamlet, built around the parish church and surrounded by large farm-holdings, of which St. Mark's Parish formed part, being part of Brittain Farm.
William Adams mentioned Gillingham in his writings, saying: "... two English miles from Rochester and one mile from Chatham, where the King's ships do lie". Adams was baptised at Gillingham Parish Church on 24 September 1564; the Strand was once owned by the Davenport family in 1635, the Davenport family included a Mayor of Gillingham, pie makers and key holders of Gillingham. The Davenport family had a road named after them in 1920; the Davenport estate was in Kent. The estate was called The Davenport Manor; the Davenports lost the estate in 1889. The Davenport family were among the investors in the Chatham Dockyard. In medieval times the part of Gillingham known as Grange was a limb of the Cinque Ports and the maritime importance of the area continued until the late 1940s. Indeed, a large part of Chatham Dockyard lay within Gillingham: the dockyard started in Gillingham and, until the day it was closed in 1984, two-thirds of the modern-day dockyard lay within the boundaries of Gillingham; the dockyard was founded by Queen Elizabeth I on the site of the present gun wharf, the establishment being transferred to the present site about 1622.
In 1667 a Dutch fleet sailed up the River Medway and, having landed at Queenborough on the Isle of Sheppey and laying siege to the fort at Sheerness, invaded Gillingham in what became known as the raid on the Medway. The Dutch retreated, but the incident caused great humiliation to the Royal Navy; the Seven Years' War began in 1756 and the government gave orders for the defence of the dockyard. Over a mile long, they stretched across the neck of the dockyard peninsula, from Chatham Reach, south of the dockyard, across to Gillingham Reach on the opposite side. One of the redoubts on the Lines was at Amherst; the batteries faced away from the dockyard. The lines of defence are now part of the Great Lines Heritage Park and the Lower Lines Park. War with France began again in 1778, once more it was necessary to strengthen the defences. Fort Amherst was the first to be improved.