San Pablo Reservoir
The San Pablo Reservoir is an open cut terminal water storage reservoir owned and operated by the East Bay Municipal Utility District. It is located in the valley of San Pablo Creek, north of Orinda, United States, south of El Sobrante and Richmond, east of the Berkeley Hills between San Pablo Ridge and Sobrante Ridge; the earthen San Pablo Dam, built in 1919, is located at the El Sobrante end of the reservoir, above Kennedy Grove. The reservoir has a watershed of 23.37 square miles. A water tunnel runs under the hills to the west from the reservoir to a pumping plant in Kensington; the San Pablo Dam Road runs along the west side of the reservoir. EBMUD's Briones Reservoir is in the hills southeast of the San Pablo Reservoir and drains into the reservoir. Although the dam impounds the waters of San Pablo Creek, the great bulk of its water is imported via the Mokelumne Aqueduct from Pardee Reservoir located over a hundred miles to the east in the Sierra Nevada foothills. EBMUD owns and maintains the San Pablo Reservoir Recreation Area, which consists of boating and fishing access to the reservoir itself, some watershed land on the west side of the reservoir.
EBMUD charges $7 for daily entrance into the park. The recreation area is managed under contract by Urban Parks Concessionaires and includes a restaurant and gift shop, where fishing permits can be purchased and boats can be rented. There are a children's play area and a boat launch ramp; because this reservoir is a storage facility for drinking water and wading are prohibited. Fishing and canoeing are allowed. However, to reduce the possibility of gasoline components in the reservoir, only four-cycle engines using MTBE-free gasoline are allowed. There is a 5 1⁄2 miles biking trail along the west side of the reservoir. Most of this trail is on the Old San Pablo Dam Road, replaced in the 1950s by the current San Pablo Dam Road, it is not possible to circumnavigate the reservoir on hiking trails. While there are trails on the east side of the reservoir to accommodate a circumnavigation, they are off-limits to people with EBMUD Trail Permits, the roadway on top of San Pablo Dam proper is restricted.
Many anglers fish on the reservoir for smallmouth bass, white sturgeon and crappie, along with the planted trout and catfish. The California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment has developed a safe eating advisory for fish caught in the San Pablo Reservoir based on levels of mercury or PCBs found in local species. San Pablo Reservoir was the potential venue for the rowing and canoe races in the case that San Francisco would host the 2024 Summer Olympics; this would not have been the first time. Since May 2015, the Oakland Strokes have organized the USRowing Southwest Masters Regional Championships on San Pablo. In October 2004, a study commissioned by EBMUD concluded that a major earthquake on the Hayward Fault could cause the San Pablo Dam to settle as much as 35 feet; as a short-term measure, the district lowered the reservoir level by 20 feet to create a 35-foot buffer. The dam was seismically retrofitted without going out of commission by mixing concrete into the soil at the toe of the dam.
A new buttress layer has been added above that on the downstream side of the dam. Construction began in August 2008 and was completed in September 2010. List of lakes in the San Francisco Bay Area EBMUD San Pablo Recreation Area website UPC San Pablo Recreation Area website EBMUD website "EBMUD Trail Map North". U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: San Pablo Reservoir
The Berkeley Hills are a range of the Pacific Coast Ranges that overlook the northeast side of the valley that encompasses San Francisco Bay. They were called the "Contra Costa Range/Hills", but with the establishment of Berkeley and the University of California, the current usage was applied by geographers and gazetteers; the Berkeley Hills are bounded by the major Hayward Fault along their western base, the minor Wildcat fault on their eastern side. The highest peaks are Grizzly Peak and Round Top, an extinct volcano, William Rust Summit 1,004 feet. Vollmer Peak, although thought to be part of the Berkeley Hills is located on the adjacent San Pablo Ridge near the point where it meets the Berkeley Hills at the head of Wildcat Canyon. Vollmer Peak was named in honor of the first police chief of the City of August Vollmer, it was known as "Bald Peak". Much of the west slope of the Berkeley Hills has residential neighborhoods of single family homes, except on the land of University of California, Berkeley.
Most streets are narrow and tend to follow the contours of the land, although three streets, Marin Avenue, Moeser Lane, Potrero Avenue, run directly toward the ridgeline. Other roads to the ridgeline wind their way up the canyons. Grizzly Peak and Skyline Boulevards follow the top of the ridge. Many neighborhoods in the south Berkeley hills are home to the more affluent residents of Berkeley and Oakland due to their relative remoteness and undeveloped forest charm; the east slope of the Berkeley Hills is preserved or developed wildland, much of it owned by the East Bay Regional Park District and the East Bay Municipal Utility District. From north to south, the parks are Wildcat Canyon Regional Park, Tilden Regional Park, Sibley Volcanic Regional Park, Huckleberry Botanic Regional Preserve, Redwood Regional Park, Anthony Chabot Regional Park, Lake Chabot Regional Park, Cull Canyon Regional Recreation Area. Claremont Canyon Regional Preserve, Temescal Regional Park are lower on the western slopes while Las Trampas Regional Wilderness is lower on the eastern slope above Danville.
The Berkeley Hills are pierced by several tunnels. Two are aqueducts of EBMUD; the four bores of the Caldecott Tunnel carry State Highway 24 between Oakland and Contra Costa County. It is common to hear the term, "Oakland Hills" to refer to that section of the Berkeley Hills that runs along the east side of Oakland; as a proper name or recognized toponym, it is technically incorrect. When used on maps, the exact south end of the "Berkeley Hills" is unclear, but the maps of the USGS show them stretching well south into the northeastern portion of Oakland, it does not, in any case, correspond to any political boundaries, only to a geographic feature. The ridge extends south through Oakland and San Leandro to the drainage of San Leandro Creek called Castro Valley, geologically, continues southward above the line of the Hayward Fault. In the section above East Oakland to Castro Valley, the ridge appears on most maps as the San Leandro Hills; the northern extent of the proper name "Berkeley Hills" is less indefinite.
The eastern slopes of the Berkeley Hills lie outside of the city of Berkeley within Contra Costa County. Another common usage is East Bay Hills, it may refer to all of the ranges east of the Bay, from the Berkeley Hills to the Diablo Range and all the ranges between. The Berkeley Hills affect the local climate by their elevation; the oceanic marine layer, which develops during the summer, bringing fog and low clouds with it, is less than 2,000 feet deep and thus is blocked by the range. This produces a "fog shadow" effect to the east, warmer than areas west of the hills; the westerly wind that carries the marine layer through the Golden Gate splits its flow as it hits the Berkeley Hills producing a southerly wind from Berkeley northward and a northerly wind in the direction of Oakland. In winter during spells of tule fog inland, a reverse situation occurs, with the fog confined to areas east of the hills, although the inland fog pours in from the north, around the hills by way of the Carquinez Strait.
The Berkeley Hills affect rainfall. Cold storms deposit wet snow on the peaks. In spring and fall, sinking air from aloft combining with inland high pressure periodically sends hot and gusty winds across the ridges of the Berkeley Hills, posing a fire danger, which in the 20th century produced several wildfires, two of which caused major damage to Berkeley and Oakland.. The California Earthquake of April 18, 1906: Report of the State Earthquake Investigation Commission, Andrew C. Lawson, Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication 87, 2 vols. - Available online at this USGS webpage. The Berkeley Hills, a De
Richmond Long Wharf
The Richmond Long Wharf is a major tanker terminal and port facility in Richmond, California. The terminal receives petroleum, oil and other petro-chemical imports destined for the Chevron Richmond Refinery and other installations, it is located in the Point Richmond neighborhood. Chevron has cited the sensitivity of the general area in stonewalling attempts to complete the Bay Trail between Point Richmond and the Point Molate Area
San Pablo Bay
San Pablo Bay is a tidal estuary that forms the northern extension of San Francisco Bay in the East Bay and North Bay regions of the San Francisco Bay Area in northern California. Most of the Bay is shallow. San Pablo Bay was named after Rancho San Pablo, a Spanish land grant given to colonial Alta California settlers in 1815, on the bay at the site of the present-day city of San Pablo; the bay is 10 mi across and has an area of 90 sq mi. The bay receives the waters of the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers, via Suisun Bay and the Carquinez Strait on its northeast end, it connects to the Pacific Ocean via the San Francisco Bay on its southern end; the bay is silted from the contributions of the two rivers, which themselves drain most of the Central Valley of California. San Pablo Bay receives the waters of Sonoma Creek through the Napa Sonoma Marsh, San Rafael Creek, the Petaluma River directly, the Napa River which flows into the Carquinez Strait via the Mare Island Strait near its entrance into the bay.
All tributaries except for Sonoma Creek are commercially navigable and maintained by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Two peninsulas separate San Pablo Bay from San Francisco Bay; the eastern, Point San Pablo, is in the city of Richmond and the western, Point San Pedro, borders the city of San Rafael. The bay is shared between Contra Costa county on the southern and eastern shore, Solano and Marin counties on the northern and western shores; the county boundaries meet near the center of the bay. Communities on the shores of San Pablo Bay include: Richmond, San Pablo, Hercules, Rodeo in Contra Costa County, Vallejo in Solano County, along with Novato and San Rafael in Marin County; because the Bay is close to several major and local airports, but outside of the main air traffic corridors, it is a popular pilot training area. Because of its great size but shallow waters, San Pablo Bay has difficult boating conditions; the prevailing western wind meets strong currents both at Carquinez Straits and, at the opposite end of the bay, near the Richmond Bridge, to produce large waves, with few areas of retreats for most boats.
There are many undeveloped shore lands with salt mudflats. The Bay is a primary wintering stop for the canvasback duck population on the Pacific Flyway, as well as a migratory staging ground for numerous species of waterfowl. Much of the northern shore of the bay is protected as part of the San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge. Endangered species that are found in the bay include the California brown pelican, California clapper rail, salt marsh harvest mouse; this is a popular destination for recreation fishing, with Saltwater species including: striped bass, sturgeon, starry flounder, leopard shark and anchovy. In the 1880s there was a shrimp-fishing village; the location is now part of China Camp State Park. San Pablo Bay is the setting of alternative rock band Primus's four-part song series "Fisherman's Chronicles," and is referenced in "The Toys Go Winding Down" and "Harold of the Rocks." It is mentioned in The Minus 5 song "John Barleycorn Must Live." In Susan Choi's book, American Woman, which mirrors the Patty Hearst scandal of the 1970s, the Bay's waters are said to welcome main characters Jenny and Pauline home after they've traversed from the East coast.
Tributaries of San Pablo Bay USGS: Sediment Changes in San Pablo Bay Gorp: San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge Highway to the Flyway:The Road to Restoration on San Pablo Bay from Bay Nature magazine, July–September 2007 issue. Provides a brief history of the marshes of San Pablo Bay
Point San Pablo Harbor
Point San Pablo Harbor is a marina and small community at the far end of Point San Pablo in San Pablo Bay, within Richmond, in Contra Costa County, California. It is located at 1900 Stenmark Drive, Richmond CA 94801; the community is home to a few dozen individuals living in 10 floating homes. Point San Pablo Harbor was envisioned by Captain Clark, the brainchild behind the origins of the Richmond San Rafael Ferry; the area features the Point San Pablo Marina, Nobilis Restaurant, The San Pablo Bay Sportsmen's Club. The harbor village is located in a ravine at the northern tip of the Potrero Hills and alongside a small cove the opens to San Pablo Bay, where the marina is protected from waves, in addition to a breakwater; the harbor is the starting point for visitors to East Brother Light Station a historic landmark. The area is near the Chevron Richmond Refinery and some tank farm containers are visible in addition to the Richmond Landfill across the waters of Castro Cove, a contaminated estuarine habitat.
Point San Pablo Beach is located here. The harbor has panoramic views of the undeveloped coastlines of southern Napa and Solano counties and eastern central Marin County; the hills surrounding the village feature coastal chaparral vegetation. The isolation of the area and undeveloped lands make deer sightings commonplace. Other animals in the area include the endangered salt marsh harvest mouse and California clapper rail; the areas around the marina and breakwaters have many egrets and other birds that enjoy the small wetlands areas. The Point San Pablo Harbor is owned; the Point San Pablo Preservation Society is a non-profit organization located at the harbor. The society's goal is to preserve the harbor and surrounding lands and waterways for public use and enjoyment. San Pablo Peninsula San Pablo Bay topics Point San Pablo Harbor website Point San Pablo History website
San Pablo Creek
San Pablo Creek is an 18.7-mile-long creek in Contra Costa County, United States, which drains the canyon or valley between the San Pablo Ridge and the Sobrante Ridge, parts of the Pacific Coast Ranges east of San Francisco Bay. The creek runs from the southeast to the northwest, originating near Orinda and flowing into San Pablo Bay, it drains one of the largest watersheds in the East Bay. The creek has 34 named tributaries; the creek was dammed in 1919. Briones Reservoir, constructed in 1964, dams the Bear Creek tributary. San Pablo Reservoir splits the creek in two, with about half of the creek and its related feeder creeks on either side of the artificial lake; the East Bay Municipal Utility District gets less than 10% of its water from the creek. The tributaries are as follows: Appian Creek, Baden Creek, Barn Creek, Bear Creek, Big Oak Creek, Briones Reservoir, Cascade Creek, Castro Creek, Coal Mine Creek, Clark Creek, Dutra Creek, El Toyonal Creek, Greenridge Creek, Inspiration Creek, Kennedy Creek, La Colina Creek, Lauterwasser Creek, Leastrot Creek, Lila Creek, Miner Creek, Newell Creek, Oak Creek, Oursan Creek, Overhill Creek, Rose Creek, Russel Creek, San Pablo Reservoir, Sather Creek, Schoolhouse Creek, Siesta Valley Creek, Tarry Creek, Tin House Creek, Wagner Creek, Wilkie Creek and Wire Ranch Creek.
The creek is helped by many community organizations. The city of San Pablo has organized cleanups; the San Pablo Watershed Neighbors Education and Resources Society goes further than just garbage and weed cleanups and includes restoration efforts and watershed studies. SPAWNERS has built and maintained a creek bank restoration site and California native plant demonstration gardens at the El Sobrante Library adjacent to downtown El Sobrante since 2000. SPAWNERS maintains a creek re-vegetation site at the El Sobrante Boys and Girls Club as well as an outdoor classroom project along Wilkie Creek behind De Anza High School; the damming of the creek has limited threatened steelhead spawning sites but has allowed it to continue to survive there. Native Ohlone shell mounds were once found along the creek near San Pablo Bay. San Pablo Creek's delta, located within the city limits of Richmond, is known as San Pablo Creek Marsh, its 300 acres are filled with an abundance of wildlife, including endangered species such as the California clapper rail, the salt marsh harvest mouse, the threatened black rail, the salt marsh wandering shrew, the San Pablo vole.
Other animals present are the shy salt marsh harvest sparrows which live in the sloughs, while salt marsh yellow throats live among the willows that grow along the transition between fresh creek water and salty bay water. The San Pablo Canyon through which the creek flows was in the early 19th century an open grazing area shared by adjoining Mexican ranch owners. In the latter years of the 19th century, a narrow gauge railroad, the California and Nevada, ran down the canyon as far as Orinda; the company intended to construct their line past Orinda all the way to the mining districts of Nevada, but the railroad was plagued by washouts in the canyon every winter, was relegated to serving weekend picnickers traveling from the cities on San Francisco Bay. The line through the canyon was abandoned upon the acquisition of the California and Nevada by the Santa Fe Railroad. List of watercourses in the San Francisco Bay Area San Pablo Creek -- Guide to San Francisco Bay Area Creeks SPAWNERS, San Pablo Watershed Neighbors Education and Resources Society.
Creek Walkthorugh with many images
Richmond Ferry Terminal
Richmond Ferry Terminal is a ferry terminal located in the Marina Bay neighborhood of Richmond, California. The terminal is located at Ford Point on the Richmond Inner Harbor which opens onto the East Bay of San Francisco Bay. Ford Point derives its name from the historic Ford Plant, located nearby, now being converted to an industrial park; the terminal hosted a commuter ferry service to the San Francisco Ferry Building weekdays and Fisherman's Wharf on weekends in addition to special AT&T Park service during the baseball season with a voyage taking 45 minutes one-way. The service began in 1999, but was discontinued in the late 2000s in the economic downturn following the dot-com bust. Ferry ridership plummeted and the service became economically unsustainable, which led Red and White Fleet to discontinue the service. Ridership was 45 per trip; the terminal had its own dedicated AC Transit feeder service from Point Richmond and downtown Richmond with route 374 now discontinued. In 2007 most of the Richmond City Council except Tom Butt and Mayor Gayle McLaughlin had lost interest in the project, instead supporting using the site for expanded Toyota vehicle importation parking which that company has expressed an interest in.
The impetus for the reinstated ferry service continued in 2008 when the powers behind planning the project determined that there needed to be 750 "rooftops" within a half mile of the terminal site to generate significant and sustainable ridership figures. Senator Don Perata has secured 2 million dollars in monies from California State Proposition 1B for studies of several ferry proposals including new Richmond-San Francisco service. In 2012 WETA rebranded as the San Francisco Bay Ferry began operation of its first new ferry run, the South San Francisco Ferry and as such began exploring opportunities for additional new services was launched. Planning meetings were held to reopen and remodel the terminal at the Craneway Pavilion in Richmond's Marina Bay. A public comment period found that there were concerns for walking distance between ferry and parking and bicycle parking. An environmental review was ordered to last up to nine months. Funding was approved in 2015, with service expected to begin in 2018.
In April 2016, the San Francisco Ferry building secured a $4 million federal grant. The funds were used for construction of new berths beginning in 2017 By October 2018, the station was scheduled to open on January 10, 2019. In 2017, Tideline started offering a private 35 minute US$11 one-way service to the San Francisco Ferry Building from the Marina Bay District. AC Transit Route 74 provides service to the Ferry Terminal, connecting the Marina Bay neighborhood, 23rd Street, Richmond BART/Amtrak station