Meighen Island

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Meighen Island
Meighenisland.png
Meighen Island, Nunavut
Geography
LocationArctic Ocean
Coordinates79°59′N 099°30′W / 79.983°N 99.500°W / 79.983; -99.500 (Meighen Island)Coordinates: 79°59′N 099°30′W / 79.983°N 99.500°W / 79.983; -99.500 (Meighen Island)
ArchipelagoSverdrup Islands[1]
Queen Elizabeth Islands
Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Area955 km2 (369 sq mi)
Length56 km (34.8 mi)
Width30 km (19 mi)
Administration
Canada
TerritoryNunavut
RegionQikiqtaaluk
Demographics
PopulationUninhabited
Closeup of Meighen Island

Meighen Island is an uninhabited member of the Queen Elizabeth Islands, part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada.

Features and history[edit]

Located at 79°55'N 99°30'W, it measures 955 km2 (369 sq mi) in size and is topped with an ice cap; the island is permanently icebound, and its northwestern coast faces onto the open Arctic Ocean.

Unlike many Canadian Arctic islands, no traces of Inuit or Thule camps have been found, suggesting the island has never been inhabited, likely due to its extreme northern latitude.

The first known sighting of the island was in 1916, during the Canadian Arctic Expedition by Vilhjalmur Stefansson or perhaps by Frederick Cook in 1909.

Naming[edit]

The island was later named after Arthur Meighen, Canadian prime minister 1920-21 and 1926.

Neighbouring islands[edit]

Meighen Island has few neighbours, it is about 40 km (25 mi) west of the next nearest major island, Axel Heiberg Island. About 4 km (2.5 mi) to Meighen's north, across the Hose Strait, lies small crescent-shaped Perley Island. The Fay Islands lie between Meighen Island and Axel Heiberg Island within the Sverdrup Channel.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mills, William James (2003). Exploring Polar Frontiers: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 421. ISBN 1-57607-422-6.

External links[edit]