The Ultimate Warrior (film)
The Ultimate Warrior is a 1975 science fiction action-adventure film directed by Robert Clouse. One of a series of post-apocalyptic films from the 1960s and 1970s, it is set in post-civilization New York City in 2012 and depicts the struggles of a small enclave of inhabitants attempting to survive in a compound beset with packs of starving pillagers. Following a global pandemic which devastates the population, the leader of a tribe of survivors, has established a small fortified area in the ruins of New York City. Cal, a former scientist and a member of Baron’s tribe, has developed plague resistant seeds which allows the tribe to grow vegetables in the barren soil, their small garden has become an oasis in the ruined city, coveted by the packs of starving, lawless gangs outside. Needing to increase security against the raiders a gang led by Carrot, Baron recruits a deadly warrior named Carson, who has put his skills out for hire. While Carson’s presence has some of the desired effect, the daily raids against the sanctuary make Baron realize the only hope for his pregnant daughter Melinda and his unborn grandchild, is for them to leave the city, establish a new society in a more secure setting on a small island off the coast of North Carolina.
Escaping from the city is more difficult than anticipated, resulting in the deaths of Baron and many of the tribe and costing Carson his hand. Carson kills most of his followers while being chased through the city's subway system, he gets the precious seeds out of the city. Yul Brynner as Carson Max von Sydow as Baron Joanna Miles as Melinda William Smith as Carrot Richard Kelton as Cal Darrell Zwerling as Silas Gary Johnson as L. Harkness Lane Bradbury as Barrie Mel Novak as Lippert Mickey Caruso as B. Harkness Nate Esformes as Garon Stephen McHattie as Robert Henry Kingi as Carrot's man The Ultimate Warrior was released on DVD by Warner Home Video on 7/29/08, as a Best Buy exclusive double feature with Battle Beneath the Earth. ISBN 1-4198-6943-4, UPC# 883929023790. List of American films of 1975 Survival film, about the film genre, with a list of related films The Ultimate Warrior on IMDb The Ultimate Warrior at AllMovie The Ultimate Warrior at Rotten Tomatoes
Rudy Ray Moore
Rudolph Frank Moore, known as Rudy Ray Moore, was an American comedian, singer, film actor, film producer. He was best known as Dolemite, the uniquely articulate pimp from the 1975 film Dolemite, its sequels, The Human Tornado and The Return of Dolemite; the persona was developed during his earlier comedy records, for which Moore has been called "the Godfather of Rap". Moore was born and raised in Fort Smith and moved to Cleveland and Milwaukee, Wisconsin. In Milwaukee, he worked as a nightclub dancer, he returned to Cleveland, working in clubs as a singer and comedian appearing in character as Prince DuMarr. He joined the US Army and served in an entertainment unit in Germany, where he was nicknamed the Harlem Hillbilly for singing country songs in R&B style, he developed an interest in comedy in the Army after expanding on a singing performance for other servicemen. After his discharge he lived in Seattle and Los Angeles, where he continued to work in clubs and was discovered by record producer Dootsie Williams.
He recorded rhythm and blues songs for the Federal, Ball and Imperial labels between 1955 and 1962, released his first comedy albums, Below the Belt, The Beatnik Scene, A Comedian Is Born. By his own account, he was working at a record store in Hollywood in 1970 when he began hearing obscene stories of "Dolemite" recounted by a local man named Rico. Moore began recording the stories, assumed the role of "Dolemite" in his club act and on recordings. In 1970–71 he recorded three albums of material, Eat Out More Often, This Pussy Belongs To Me, The Dirty Dozens, where "with jazz and R&B musicians playing in the background, would recite raunchy, sexually explicit rhymes that had to do with pimps, prostitutes and hustlers."Moore was influenced by more mainstream comedians such as Redd Foxx and Richard Pryor, as well as by traditions such as the Dozens. The recordings were made in Moore's own house, with friends in attendance to give a party atmosphere; the album covers and contents were too racy to be put on display in record stores, but the records became popular through word of mouth and were successful in disadvantaged black American communities, where his "warped wit and anti-establishment outlook" were embraced.
Moore spent most of his earnings from the records to finance the movie Dolemite, which appeared in 1975 and has been described as "one of the great blaxploitation movies" of the 1970s. The character was "the ultimate ghetto hero: a bad dude, skilled at kung-fu, dressed to kill and hell-bent on protecting the community from evil menaces, he was a pimp with a kung-fu-fighting clique of prostitutes and he was known for his sexual prowess."The film was successful and was followed by The Human Tornado, The Monkey Hustle, Petey Wheatstraw: The Devil's Son-in-Law. Moore continued to release albums that appealed to his enduring fanbase through the 1970s and 1980s, but little of his work reached the mainstream white audience, his "rapid-fire rhyming salaciousness exceeded the wildest excesses" of Foxx and Pryor, his explicit style kept him off television and major films. At the same time, Moore spoke in his church and took his mother to the National Baptist Convention, he said that: "I wasn't saying dirty words just to say them...
It was a form of sketches in which I developed ghetto characters who cursed. I don't want to be referred to as a dirty old man, rather a ghetto expressionist."He came to be regarded as a major influence by many rap stars. Snoop Dogg said: "Without Rudy Ray Moore, there would be no Snoop Dogg, that's for real." Moore appeared on Big Daddy Kane's 1990 album Taste of Chocolate and 2 Live Crew's 1994 album Back at Your Ass for the Nine-4. On an episode of Martin titled "The Players Came Home," he appeared as himself in the Dolemite character, he reprised his Dolemite character in an appearance on Snoop Dogg's 1999 album No Limit Top Dogg and Busta Rhymes' When Disaster Strikes... and Genesis. In 2000, Moore starred in Big Money Hustlas, a movie created by and starring the hip hop group Insane Clown Posse, in which he played Dolemite for the first time in over 20 years. In 2006, Moore voice acted in the show Sons of Butcher, as Rudy in season 2. In 2008, he reprised the character Petey Wheatstraw on the song "I Live for the Funk," which featured Blowfly and Daniel Jordan.
This marked the first time Blowfly and Rudy collaborated on the same record together—and the 30-year anniversary of the movie Petey Wheatstraw and was the final recording Rudy made before his death. On October 19, 2008, Moore died in Ohio, of complications from diabetes, he was never married. On June 7, 2018, it was announced that Craig Brewer would direct Dolemite Is My Name from a script by Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski with Netflix producing and distributing. Eddie Murphy was set to star as Moore; that month, the rest of the principal cast was announced. In July 2018, Chris Rock and Ron Cephas Jones joined the cast. Principal photography began on June 12, 2018. Below the Belt Beatnik Scene Comedian is Born Let's Come Together Eat Out More Often This Pussy Belongs to Me Dolemite for President Merry Christmas, Baby Cockpit Return of Dolemite Sensuous Black Man Zodiac I Can't Believe I Ate the Whole Thing Jokes by Redd Foxx Live in Concert The Player—The Hustler House Party: Dirty Dozens Vol.1 The Streaker Dolemite Is Another Crazy Nigger Sweet Peeter Jeeter Turning Po
The Serbs are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group that formed in the Balkans. The majority of Serbs inhabit the nation state of Serbia, as well as the disputed territory of Kosovo, the neighboring countries of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro, they form significant minorities in North Slovenia. There is a large Serb diaspora in Western Europe, outside Europe there are significant communities in North America and Australia; the Serbs share many cultural traits with the rest of the peoples of Southeast Europe. They are predominantly Eastern Orthodox Christians by religion; the Serbian language is official in Serbia, co-official in Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina, is spoken by the plurality in Montenegro. The modern identity of Serbs is rooted in traditions. In the 19th century, the Serbian national identity was manifested, with awareness of history and tradition, medieval heritage, cultural unity, despite living under different empires. Three elements, together with the legacy of the Nemanjić dynasty, were crucial in forging identity and preservation during foreign domination: the Serbian Orthodox Church, the Serbian language, Kosovo Myth.
When the Principality of Serbia gained independence from the Ottoman Empire, Orthodoxy became crucial in defining the national identity, instead of language, shared by other South Slavs. The tradition of slava, the family saint feast day, is an important ethnic marker of Serb identity, is regarded their most significant and most solemn feast day; the origin of the ethnonym is unclear. Genetic studies on Serbs show that they have close affinity with the rest of the Balkan peoples, those within former Yugoslavia. Serbia's people are among the tallest in the world, after Montenegro and the Netherlands, with an average male height of 1.82 metres. Slavs settled the Balkans in the 6th and 7th centuries. Up until the late 560s their activity was raiding, crossing from the Danube, though with limited Slavic settlement through Byzantine foederati colonies; the Danube and Sava frontier was overwhelmed by large-scale Slavic settlement in the late 6th and early 7th century. What is today central Serbia was an important geo-strategical province, through which the Via Militaris crossed.
This area was intruded by barbarians in the 5th and 6th centuries. The numerous Slavs assimilated the descendants of the indigenous population; the history of the early medieval Serbian Principality is recorded in the 10th-century work De Administrando Imperio, which describes the Serbs as a people living in Roman Dalmatia, subordinate to the Byzantine Empire. Numerous small Serbian states were created, chiefly under Vlastimorović and Vojislavjević dynasties, located in modern Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia. With the decline of the Serbian state of Duklja in the late 11th century, "Raška" separated from it and replaced it as the most powerful Serbian state. Prince Stefan Nemanja conquered the neighbouring territories of Kosovo and Zachlumia; the Nemanjić dynasty ruled over Serbia until the 14th century. Nemanja's older son, Stefan Nemanjić, became Serbia's first recognized king, while his younger son, founded the Serbian Orthodox Church in the year 1219, became known as Saint Sava after his death.
Over the next 140 years, Serbia expanded its borders, from numerous minor principalities, reaching to a unified Serbian Empire. Its cultural model remained Byzantine, despite political ambitions directed against the empire; the medieval power and influence of Serbia culminated in the reign of Stefan Dušan, who ruled the state from 1331 until his death in 1355. Ruling as Emperor from 1346, his territory included Macedonia, northern Greece and all of modern Albania; when Dušan died, his son Stephen Uroš V became Emperor. With Turkish invaders beginning their conquest of the Balkans in the 1350s, a major conflict ensued between them and the Serbs, the first major battle was the Battle of Maritsa, in which the Serbs were defeated. With the death of two important Serb leaders in the battle, with the death of Stephen Uroš that same year, the Serbian Empire broke up into several small Serbian domains; these states were ruled by feudal lords, with Zeta controlled by the Balšić family, Raška, Kosovo and northern Macedonia held by the Branković family and Lazar Hrebeljanović holding today's Central Serbia and a portion of Kosovo.
Hrebeljanović was subsequently accepted as the titular leader of the Serbs because he was married to a member of the Nemanjić dynasty. In 1389, the Serbs faced the Ottomans at the Battle of Kosovo on the plain of Kosovo Polje, near the town of Pristina. Both Lazar and Sultan Murad; the battle most ended in a stalemate, afterwards Serbia enjoyed a short period of prosperity under despot Stefan Lazarević and resisted failing to the Turks until 1459. The Serbs had taken an active part in the wars fought in the Balkans against the Ottoman Empire, organized uprisings. After allied Christian forces had captured Buda from the Ottoman Empire in 1686 during the Great Turkish War, Serbs from Pannonian Plain joined the troops of the Habsburg Monarchy as separate units known as Serbian Militia. Serbs, as volunteers, massively joined
Vampire Assassin is a 2005 direct-to-DVD film directed, written by, starring martial artist Ron Hall. When protagonist Derek Washington was just a child, he witnessed his father's murder; because of this, he became afraid of blood. However, when a sting operation to find a counterfeiter named Gustoff Slovak goes wrong, Derek is forced to face his fear: blood; the operation backfires. Derek reaches the shocking conclusion that Slovak is a vampire, joins forces with a weapons expert named Master Kao. Kao is the last in a long line of vampire hunters, agrees to train Derek in this ancient art of vampire slaying. However, in order to defeat Slovak, Derek must become a vampire assassin. Vampire Assassin on IMDb Vampire Assassin at AllMovie Vampire Assassin at Rotten Tomatoes
Game of Death
The Game of Death is an incomplete 1972 Hong Kong martial arts film directed, produced by and starring Bruce Lee, in his final film attempt. Lee died during the making of the film. Over 100 minutes of footage was shot prior to his death, some of, misplaced in the Golden Harvest archives; the remaining footage has been released with Lee's original Cantonese and English dialogue, with John Little dubbing Lee's Hai Tien character as part of the documentary entitled Bruce Lee: A Warrior's Journey. Most of the footage, shot is from what was to be the climax of the film. During filming, Lee received an offer to star in Enter the Dragon, the first kung fu film to be produced by a Hollywood studio, with a budget unprecedented for the genre. Lee died of cerebral edema before the film's release. At the time of his death, he had made plans to resume the filming of Game of Death. After Lee's death, Enter the Dragon director Robert Clouse was enlisted to finish the film using two stand-ins; the original plot involves Lee playing the role of Hai Tien, a retired champion martial artist, confronted by Korean underworld gangs.
They tell him the story of a pagoda where guns are prohibited, under heavy guard by skilled martial artists who are protecting something held on its top level. The gang boss wants Hai to be a part of a group, they would be the second group to try to do so as the first attempt with a previous group had failed. When Hai refuses, his younger sister and brother are kidnapped. Hai, as well as four other martial artists fight their way up a five-level pagoda, encountering a different challenge on each floor; the setting of the pagoda was at Beopjusa temple in Songnisan National Park in South Korea. The pagoda, called Palsang-jon, is the only remaining wooden pagoda in South Korea. At the base of the pagoda they fight all black belts in Karate. While inside the pagoda, they encounter a different opponent on each floor, each more challenging than the last. Although his allies try to help out, they are handily defeated, Hai must face each of the martial artists in one-on-one combat, he defeats Filipino Eskrima master Dan Inosanto, Korean Hapkido master Ji Han-jae, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, who fights with a free and fluid style mirroring Lee's Jeet Kune Do.
Because Abdul-Jabbar's character has great size and strength in addition to a fighting style as potent as Lee's, he can only be defeated once Hai recognises that an unusually high sensitivity to light is his greatest weakness. After defeating the giant guardian, Hai turns around and descends the staircase, heading out of the pagoda. Despite all the talk of something awaiting up top of the flight of stairs, there is no mention of anyone going up to retrieve it. No surviving material explains how this will affect his captive siblings. Although the pagoda was supposed to have five floors, complete scenes were only shot for three of the floors: the "Temple of the Tiger," where Lee faced Inosanto. Hapkido master Hwang In-Shik was slated to play the guardian of the first floor, a master of a kick-oriented style, while Bruce's long time student and good friend Taky Kimura was asked to play the guardian of the second floor, a stylist of praying mantis kung fu; the goal of the film's plot was to showcase Lee's beliefs regarding the principles of martial arts.
As each martial artist is defeated, the flaws in their fighting style are revealed. Some, like Dan Inosanto's character, rely too much on fixed patterns of offensive and defensive techniques, while others lack economy of motion. Lee defeats his opponents by having a fighting style that involves fluid movement, an eclectic blend of techniques, his dialogue includes comments on their weaknesses. Several years Bruce Lee historian John Little released Bruce Lee: A Warrior's Journey, a documentary revealing the original footage and storyline of The Game of Death; the documentary includes a in-depth biography of Lee and leads into the filming of The Game of Death. Fans still believe. Meant to be a documentary in its own right, now it can be found on the second disc of the 2004 Special Edition DVD release of Enter the Dragon, along with the documentary Bruce Lee: Curse of the Dragon. In 2000, the Japanese film Bruce Lee in G. O. D 死亡的遊戯 was released on DVD; this film shows Lee's original vision of the film through the existing footage, shot for the film before he died and historical re-enactments of what went on behind the scenes.
A "special edition" DVD was released in 2003. Bruce Lee as "Hai Tien" Kareem Abdul-Jabbar as "Mantis, the 5th Floor Guardian" James Tien as "Mr. Tien, the Second Fighter" Chieh Yuan as "Yuan, the Third Fighter" Dan Inosanto as "Dan, the 3rd Floor Guardian" Ji Han-jae as "4th Floor Guardian" Lee Kwan as "Mr. Kuan the Locksmith" Hwang In-shik as "1st Floor Guardian" Taky Kimura as "2nd Floor Guardian" Robert Wall as "Mr. Wall, the American Fighter and Hai Tien's ally" George Lazenby as "Hai Tien's master" Nora Miao as "Hai Tien's sister" Uncast Child Actor as "Hai Tien's brother" Carter Wong as "Mr. Wong" Shih Kien as "Crime Lord" Tony Liu as "Huang" Wan Kam Leung as "Lee Guo Hao, the Fifth Fighter" Betty Ting Pei as "Hai Tien's wif
Tom Horn (film)
Tom Horn is a 1980 Western film directed by William Wiard and starring Steve McQueen as the legendary lawman and gunfighter Tom Horn. It was based on Horn's own writings. Tom Horn, a legendary frontier scout and tracker who helped capture Geronimo, drifts around the disappearing western frontier; the story begins as he rides into a small town and provokes prizefighter Jim Corbett, ending up in a livery stable and badly bruised. Cattle company owner John Coble finds Horn in the livery and offers him the use of his ranch to recuperate, he offers him work investigating and deterring cattle rustlers who steal from the grazing association to which Coble belongs. He implies. Horn accepts the offer and receives the approval of U. S. marshal Joe Belle at an association picnic where he catches the eye of Glendolene, the local schoolteacher. Calling himself a "stock detective," Horn confronts cowboys at an auction whose cattle bear Coble's brand. After giving them fair warning, he goes on a one-man crusade to kill or otherwise drive off anyone who rustles the cattle of his benefactors.
Horn's methods are effective. After a public gunfight, the local townspeople become alarmed at his violent nature and public opinion turns against him; the owners of the large cattle companies realize that while he is doing what they hired him to do, his tactics will tarnish their image and begin to plot his demise. Joe Belle, who has political ambitions, wants Horn out of the way for the same reasons, their conspiracy is set in motion when a young boy tending sheep is shot by a.45-60. Horn is slow to realize. Proud and convinced of his own innocence, he refuses to avoid the town. Glendolene and Coble try to warn him to be careful. Joe Belle coaxes Horn from a saloon and back to his office where a man transcribing their conversation is hidden in the next room. Horn does not admit to the murders but states that "If I did shoot that boy, it was the best shot I made." Based on this conversation, Horn is taken prisoner. Unaccustomed to being unable to come and go as he pleases into his beloved hills, Horn seems lost.
He attempts to flee. He is recaptured and convicted based on the testimony of the newspaperman who skewed the conversation between Belle and Horn; as his execution nears, Horn accepts his fate and remains resolved in the moments before he is hanged. Steve McQueen as Tom Horn Linda Evans as Glendolene Kimmel Richard Farnsworth as John C. Coble Billy Green Bush as U. S. Marshal Joe Belle Slim Pickens as Sheriff Sam Creedmore Peter Canon as Assistant Prosecutor Elisha Cook, Jr. as Stablehand Harry Northup as Thomas Burke Drummond Barclay as Charlie Ohnhouse Since the troubled production and disastrous release of An Enemy of the People, McQueen had once again struggled to find work. He priced himself out of roles in a mooted Towering Inferno sequel and Raise the Titanic, was rejected for the Salkinds' Superman film due to his growing weight, turned down a role in Close Encounters of the Third Kind and walked out on Richard Fleischer's planned adaptation of Tai-Pan when the second $1 million installment of his announced $10 million fee failed to arrive.
However, after his divorce from Ali MacGraw, McQueen decided to get back into films. He wanted to adapt Harold Pinter's play Old Times but First Artists insisted that he instead film Tom Horn, a script they had owned for some time, as the final film in the star's three picture deal he had signed with them under Warner Bros; the film had been meant to go into production in 1978 but faced stiff competition, with United Artists planning a film about Horn as a vehicle for Robert Redford. The latter dropped out and the film, about Horn's younger years, was made by CBS as a four-hour TV movie named Mr. Horn with David Carradine starring; this aired. McQueen ordered several rewrites to the script, while original director Don Siegel left to be replaced by first Elliot Silverstein and James William Guercio, fired after three days by McQueen. McQueen wanted to direct himself but the DGA’s rules forbidding actors from taking over direction once filming had begun scotched these plans and instead TV movie director William Wiard was brought in to finish the film.
This was Wiard's only feature film directing credit. Post-production was fraught - the producers attempting both a linear version of the film and another telling the story in flashback, before settling on the former approach; the film was still being reedited ahead of its March 1980 release date. It was another box-office failure. Tom Horn was the only McQueen vehicle to receive an R rating, it was during production that McQueen had trouble breathing and was determined to have a rare form of lung cancer called malignant mesothelioma. Tom Horn on IMDb Tom Horn at AllMovie
A stunt is an unusual and difficult physical feat or an act requiring a special skill, performed for artistic purposes on television, theatre, or cinema. Stunts are a feature of many action films. Before computer generated imagery special effects, these effects were limited to the use of models, false perspective and other in-camera effects, unless the creator could find someone willing to jump from car to car or hang from the edge of a skyscraper: the stunt performer or stunt double. One of the most-frequently used. Although contact is avoided, many elements of stage combat, such as sword fighting, martial arts, acrobatics required contact between performers in order to facilitate the creation of a particular effect, such as noise or physical interaction. Stunt performances are choreographed and may be rigorously rehearsed for hours and sometimes weeks before a performance. Seasoned professionals will treat a performance as if they have never done it before, since the risks in stunt work are high, every move and position must be correct to reduce risk of injury from accidents.
Examples of practical effects include tripping and falling down, high jumps, extreme sporting moves and high diving, gainer falls, "suicide backflips," and other martial arts stunts. Stunt airbags, large deep airbags that may be the size of a small swimming pool, are used by professional stunt performers to cushion their landings from staged falls from heights. A physical stunt is performed with help of mechanics. For example, if the plot requires the hero to jump to a high place, the film crew could put the actor in a special harness, use aircraft high tension wire to pull him up. Piano wire is sometimes used to fly objects, but an actor is never suspended from it as it is brittle and can break under shock impacts. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon is a kung-fu film, reliant on wire stunts. Performers of vehicular stunts may employ specially adapted vehicles. Stunts can be as simple as a handbrake turn known as the bootleg turn, or as advanced as car chases and crashes involving dozens of vehicles.
Rémy Julienne is coordinator. Another well known vehicular stunt specialist is Englishman Ian Walton, the helicopter stunt pilot and stunt designer for many 1980s films, notably the Bond film Never Say Never Again. A Guinness Book of World Records holder stunt driver, Bobby Ore, performed in numerous movies and events and holds a World Record for longest distance driven on two wheels in a London double decker bus. Streetbike stunts known as "stunting" gained widespread popularity in the early 2000s and continues to grow, it now goes much further than that. In the late 20th century stunt men were placed in dangerous situations less and less as filmmakers turned to inexpensive computer graphics effects using harnesses, blue- or green screens, a huge array of other devices and digital effects; the Matrix is an example for a film that extensively "enhanced" real stunts through CGI post production. The Lord of the Rings film series and the Star Wars prequel films display stunts that are computer generated.
Examples of computer-generated effects include face wire removal. In 1982, Jackie Chan began experimenting with elaborate stunt action sequences in Dragon Lord, which featured a pyramid fight scene that holds the record for the most takes required for a single scene, with 2900 takes, the final fight scene where he performs various stunts, including one where he does a back flip off a loft and falls to the lower ground. In 1983, Project A saw the official formation of the Jackie Chan Stunt Team and added elaborate, dangerous stunts to the fights and typical slapstick humor. Police Story contained many large-scale action scenes, including an opening sequence featuring a car chase through a shanty town, Chan stopping a double-decker bus with his service revolver and a climactic fight scene in a shopping mall; this final scene earned the film the nickname "Glass Story" by the crew, due to the huge number of panes of sugar glass that were broken. During a stunt in this last scene, in which Chan slides down a pole from several stories up, the lights covering the pole had heated it resulting in Chan suffering second-degree burns to his hands, as well as a back injury and dislocation of his pelvis upon landing.
Chan performed elaborate stunts in numerous other films, such as several Police Story sequels, Project A Part II, the Armor of God series, Dragons Forever, Drunken Master II, Rumble in the Bronx, the Rush Hour series, among others. Other Hong Kong action movie stars who became known for performing elaborate stunts include Chan's Peking Opera School friends Sammo Hung and Yuen Biao, as well as "girls with guns" stars such as Michelle Yeoh and Moon Lee. Other Asian cinema stars known for performing elaborate stunts including Thai actor Tony Jaa, Indonesian actors Iko Uwais and Yayan Ruhian, Indian actors Jayan, Akshay Kumar, Vidyut Jammwal and Tiger Shroff. Reality competition television shows such as Fear Factor and Going Straight have required contestants to complete stunts to win prize money. Films such as Hooper and The Stunt Man and the 1980s television show The Fall Guy sought to raise the profile of the stunt performer and debunk the myth that film stars perform all their own stunts. Noted stunt coordinators Hal Needham, Craig R. Baxley, Vic Armstrong went on to direct the action f