Datuk Seri Utama Ir. Haji Idris bin Haron is a Malaysian politician and the Malacca State Legislative Assemblyman for Sungai Udang, he is a member of the United Malays National Organisation party in the Barisan Nasional coalition. Idris was the tenth Chief Minister of Melaka from 7 May 2013 to 10 May 2018, he was a member of the Parliament of Malaysia for Tangga Batu, Melaka from 2004 to 2013 and became a deputy minister in 2008. He left federal politics in 2013, winning election of the Malacca State Legislative Assembly for Sungai Udang seat and becoming the state's chief minister. Internationally, he is the President of World Assembly of Youth. Idris is married with four children. For his primary education, he went to four different schools: Sekolah Rendah Kebangsaan Simpang Bekoh, SRK Belading, SRK Asahan from 1973 to 1977 and SRK Kubu from 1977 till 1978, he received his secondary education at Sekolah Menengah Sains Muzaffar Syah, Melaka from 1979 till 1983. At MOZAC, he became the school's best student.
He pursued his tertiary education at University of Texas at El Paso and received a Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering. His ambition was to become a pilot but he changed his mind to become an electrical engineer instead during interviews, he was the Chairman of the Malaysian Student Conference until he graduated in 1989. In 1993 he participated in an intensive Japanese language training at ITM before pursuing further studies in a technical field at the Kensyu Centre in Tokyo, Japan, he has trained by the Kandenko Corporation Ltd for six months in Tokyo, Japan, in the field of electrical distribution systems. Before his election to Parliament, Idris was chairman of the Alor Gajah district council. Idris was elected to federal parliament in the 2004 election for the newly created seat of Tangga Batu. In his first year in Parliament, Idris made international news for complaining that the outfits worn by stewardesses on Malaysia Airlines would result in male passengers sexually harassing the stewardesses.
After the 2008 election, Idris was appointed a Deputy Minister for Higher Education in the government of Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. In the 2013 election, Idris vacated his federal parliamentary seat to contest the seat of Sungai Udang in the Malacca State Legislative Assembly; the move was far from a demotion: it was carried out by the Barisan Nasional coalition to install him as the Chief Minister of Malacca, replacing Mohd Ali Rustam. The coalition retained its majority in the state assembly and Idris was sworn in as Malacca's tenth Chief Minister, he continued the legacy of his predecessor, Mohd Ali Rustam, but with opposing style by establishing "Melaka Maju-Fasa Dua". He set up four principles under this umbrella. First, to raise Melaka's quality of products and services to the highest possible level, exceeding the expectations of customers who comprise investors and the people in the state. Second and mechanism of products and services in Melaka must be sustainable. Third, establishing conducive environment for investors and fourth, to maintain the motivation of Melaka's workforce to produce top-notch quality.
He works under the word "Berkat, Cepat". Under his leadership, Melaka obtained its biggest investment in her history of RM 4.38 billion in 2014. The waterfront of Melaka, stretching as far as 73 kilometers, were upgraded for future beach port, he launched "Don't Mess With Melaka", modeled after a 1986 "Don't Mess With Texas" campaign in a bid against littering and social ills. The goal of the campaign was to ensure; the statewide campaign used billboard advertising. The campaign's slogan drew criticism on the basis. Idris defended the slogan, saying that it was a way to grasp the attention of youths through creative and aggressive marketing. In 2016, Malacca become the safest place to live in Malaysia; the state crime rates dropped by 15.5 per cent in 2017 with 3,096 cases recorded compared to 3,663 in 2016. The State Socioeconomic Report 2017 published on July 26, 2018 reported that Malacca was the state that recorded the lowest unemployment rate in 2017 with only 1.0 percent. He headed the Big Island redevelopment project starting with electricity supply to Big Island involving 12 towers from 4.7 kilometers of Siring Beach which will supply electricity at a capacity of five megawatts to a maximum capacity of 132 megawatts.
The project, which began on November 5, 2012 and completed in February 2015, is aimed at making 129.64 hectares of the Big Island and houses resorts and historic areas, as one of the major tourism products in Melaka. The upgrading of Sekolah Menengah Agama Dan Tahfiz Al-Quran Pulau Besar Melaka is ongoing to provide students with greater comfort to memorize the Koran, he has planned to develop Pulau Besar as a tourist island in the state. In March 2016, preliminary allocations were given to repair the mosque and food court on the island, besides the construction of a Maahad Tahfiz. Focus is on basic development before being followed by other facilities, including an international standard food court; when all the repair and construction work on the island is completed, it will be able to become an international resort island capable of attracting many visitors. The development process in the island is run in stages; the island's maintenance and development project will be able to attract a large number of tourists.
At the same time, it will be one of the major contributors to the Melaka economy. A complete jetty and mosque with police cottages and CCTV surveillance are designed to be built on the Big Island to avoid the bad deeds of the visitors, thereby prev
Malacca dubbed "The Historic State", is a state in Malaysia located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula, next to the Strait of Malacca. The state is bordered by Negeri Sembilan to Johor to the south; the exclave of Cape Rachado borders Negeri Sembilan to the north. Its capital is Malacca City, 148 kilometres south east of Malaysia's capital city Kuala Lumpur, 235 kilometres north west of Johor's largest city Johor Bahru, 95 km north west of Johor's second largest city, Batu Pahat; this historical city centre has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 7 July 2008. Although it was the location of one of the earliest Malay sultanates, the local monarchy was abolished when the Portuguese conquered it in 1511; the head of state is Governor, rather than a Sultan. Various ethnic customs and traditions blended in Malacca. Peaceful life of the people of Malacca races due to the life that gave birth to the Malay, Indian and Nyonya, Portuguese and Eurasian. Before the arrival of the first Sultan, Malacca was a fishing village inhabited by local inhabitants known as Orang Laut.
Malacca was founded by Parameswara known as Iskandar Shah. He found his way to Malacca around 1402 where he found a good port—it was accessible in all seasons and on the strategically located narrowest point of the Malacca Straits. According to a popular legend, Parameswara was resting under a tree near a river during a hunt, when one of his dogs cornered a mouse deer. In self-defence, the mouse deer pushed the dog into the river. Impressed by the courage of the deer, taking it as a propitious omen of the weak overcoming the powerful, Parameswara decided and there to found an empire on that spot, he named it the Malacca tree. In collaboration with allies from the sea-people, the wandering proto-Malay privateers of the Straits, he established Malacca as an international port by compelling passing ships to call there, establishing fair and reliable facilities for warehousing and trade. In Malacca during the early 15th century, Ming China sought to develop a commercial hub and a base of operation for their treasure voyages into the Indian Ocean.
Malacca had been a insignificant region, not qualifying as a polity prior to the voyages according to both Ma Huan and Fei Xin, was a vassal region of Siam. In 1405, the Ming court dispatched Admiral Zheng He with a stone tablet enfeoffing the Western Mountain of Malacca as well as an imperial order elevating the status of the port to a country; the Chinese established a government depot as a fortified cantonment for their soldiers. Ma Huan reported; the rulers of Malacca, such as Parameswara in 1411, would pay tribute to the Chinese emperor in person. In 1431, when a Malaccan representative complained that Siam was obstructing tribute missions to the Ming court, the Xuande Emperor dispatched Zheng He carrying a threatening message for the Siamese king saying "You, king should respect my orders, develop good relations with your neighbours and instruct your subordinates and not act recklessly or aggressively."Because of its strategic location, Malacca was an important stopping point for Zheng He's fleet.
To enhance relations, Hang Li Po, according to local folklore, a daughter of the Ming Emperor of China, arrived in Malacca, accompanied by 500 attendants, to marry Sultan Manshur Shah who reigned from 1456 until 1477. Her attendants married locals and settled in Bukit Cina. "In the 9th month of the year 1481 envoys arrived with the Malacca again sent envoys to China in 1481 to inform the Chinese that, while Malaccan envoys were returning to Malacca from China in 1469, the Vietnamese attacked the Malaccans, killing some of them while castrating the young and enslaving them. The Malaccans reported that Vietnam was in control of Champa and sought to conquer Malacca, but the Malaccans did not fight back, because they did not want to fight against another state, a tributary to China without permission from the Chinese, they requested to confront the Vietnamese delegation to China, in China at the time, but the Chinese informed them since the incident was years old, they could do nothing about it, the Emperor sent a letter to the Vietnamese ruler reproaching him for the incident.
The Chinese Emperor ordered the Malaccans to raise soldiers and fight back with violent force if the Vietnamese attacked them again. In April 1511, Alfonso de Albuquerque set sail from Goa to Malacca with a force of some 1200 men and seventeen or eighteen ships, they conquered the city on 24 August 1511. After seizing the city Afonso de Albuquerque spared the Hindu and Burmese inhabitants but had the Muslim inhabitants massacred or sold into slavery, it soon became clear that Portuguese control of Malacca did not mean they controlled Asian trade centred there. Their Malaccan rule was hampered by administrative and economic difficulties. Rather than achieving their ambition of dominating Asian trade, the Portuguese had disrupted the organisation of the network; the centralised port of exchange of Asian wealth had now gone, as was a Malay state to police the Straits of Malacca that made it safe for commercial traffic. Trade was now scattered over a number of ports among bitter warfare in the Straits.
The Jesuit missionary Francis Xavier spent several months in Malacca in 1545, 1546, 1549. The Dutch launched several attacks on the Portuguese colony during
Ayer Keroh is a town situated in the state of Malacca, Malaysia. Ayer Keroh houses two main industrial areas which are the Ayer Keroh Industrial Area and Taman Tasik Utama Industrial Area. Ayer Keroh has become home to medical students from all over Malaysia as well as foreigners due to it being the location of Malacca-Manipal Medical College. Since its inception in 1997, it has produced many doctors who are serving the needs of their respective countries, it is the location of the Malacca campus of Multimedia University, established in 1996 and is the first private university approved by the Government of Malaysia. The Malacca campus houses the Centre for Foundation Studies and Extension Education and three Faculties: Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Faculty of Information Science and Technology and Faculty of Business and Law. Here is the industrial campus of Technical University of Malaysia Malacca; the industrial campus is located at Taman Tasik Utama Industrial site. It houses all temporary faculties, the chancelorry office.
Besides that, Ayer Keroh is the home of Kolej Yayasan Saad, a residential school. KYS International School shares a campus with Kolej Yayasan Saad; the International School is staffed by expatriate teachers and specialises in teaching Cambridge A Levels to high performing students from all over Malaysia. The Pantai Hospital Ayer Keroh, established in 1986 and moved to its current location in August 1995, is a private hospital located in the town, offering wide range of medical services and facilities to the residents; the town is a major tourist spot of the state, apart from the old Malacca City, due to its recent hosting of various interesting attractions. List of tourist attractions here are: Aborigines Museum Ayer Keroh Overhead Bridge Restaurant - The Air Keroh Overhead Bridge Restaurant is a bridge restaurant built over the E2 expressway, it provides A&W Restaurants, KFC, Malay cuisine. Ayer Keroh Lake Ayer Keroh Square Bee Gallery Malacca Garden of Thousand Flowers – Garden of a Thousand Flowers is a park in Ayer Keroh.
The park is under the management of Hang Tuah Jaya Municipal Council. The park was officiated by Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi on 30 June 2007; the park spans over an area of 5.3 hectares. It features walking tracks, pergola, prayer room and rest area. Entry to the park is free. Malacca Bird Park Malacca Botanical Garden Malacca Forestry Museum Malacca Butterfly and Reptile Sanctuary Malacca Craft Centre Malacca Crocodile Farm Malacca International Trade Centre Malacca Planetarium Malacca Wonderland Malacca Zoo Mini Malaysia and ASEAN Cultural Park Prison Products Gallery World's Bees MuseumTourist attractions The Ayer Keroh toll is the main entry point into Malacca state using the North–South Expressway; this makes it accessible from any part of Peninsular Malaysia. The town is about 2 hours drive from one hour from Seremban. Ayer Keroh is about 3 hours drive from Singapore. States and federal territories of Malaysia
The Dewan Rakyat is the lower house of the Parliament of Malaysia, consisting of members elected during elections from federal constituencies drawn by the Election Commission. The Dewan Rakyat proposes legislation through a draft known as a'bill'. All bills must be passed by both the Dewan Rakyat and the Dewan Negara, before they are sent to the King for royal assent. However, if the Dewan Negara rejects a bill, it can only delay the bill's passage by a maximum of a year before it is sent to the King. Like the Dewan Negara, the Dewan Rakyat meets at the Malaysian Houses of Parliament in Kuala Lumpur. Members of the Dewan Rakyat are referred to as "Members of Parliament" or "Ahli Dewan Rakyat" in Malay; the term of office is as long. A member of the Dewan Rakyat must be at least 21 years of age and must not be a member of the Dewan Negara; the presiding officer of the Dewan Rakyat is the Speaker, elected at the beginning of each Parliament or after the vacation of the post, by the MPs. Two Deputy Speakers are elected, one of them sits in place of the Speaker when he is absent.
The Dewan Rakyat machinery is supervised by the Clerk to the House, appointed by the King. As of the 2018 general election, Dewan Rakyat has 222 elected members. Members are elected from federal constituencies drawn by the Election Commission. Constituency boundaries are redrawn every ten years based on the latest census; each Dewan Rakyat lasts for a maximum of five years. In the general election, voters select a candidate to represent their constituency in the Dewan Rakyat; the plurality voting system is used. Before a general election can be called, the King must first dissolve Parliament on the advice of the Prime Minister. According to the Constitution, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong has the right at his own discretion to either grant or withhold consent to dissolve the parliament; as the ultimate legislative body in Malaysia, Parliament is responsible for passing and repealing acts of law. Parliament's members are permitted to speak on any subject without fear of censure outside Parliament; such "Parliamentary immunity" takes effect from the moment a member of Parliament is sworn in, only applies to when that member has the floor.
An exception is made by the Sedition Act passed by Parliament in the wake of the 13 May racial riots in 1969. Under the Act, all public discussion of repealing certain Articles of the Constitution dealing with Bumiputra privileges such as Article 153 is illegal; this prohibition is extended to all members of both houses of Parliament. Members of Parliament are forbidden from criticising the King and judges; the executive government, comprising the Prime Minister and his Cabinet, is drawn from members of Parliament. After a general election or the resignation or death of a Prime Minister, the King selects the Prime Minister, the Head of Government but constitutionally subordinate to him, from the Dewan Rakyat. In practice, this is the leader of the largest party in Parliament; the Prime Minister submits a list containing the names of members of his Cabinet, who will be appointed as Ministers by the King. Members of the Cabinet must be members of Parliament. If the Prime Minister loses the confidence of the Dewan Rakyat, whether by losing a no-confidence vote or failing to pass a budget, he must either advice the King to dissolve Parliament and hold a general election or submit his resignation to the King.
The King withheld consent to the dissolution. If consent is withheld, the government must resign and the King would appoint a new Prime Minister that has the support of the majority of members of Parliament; the Cabinet formulates government policy and drafts bills. Its members must accept "collective responsibility" for the decisions the Cabinet makes if some members disagree with it. Although the Constitution makes no provision for it, there is a Deputy Prime Minister, the de facto successor of the Prime Minister should he die or be otherwise incapacitated. A proposed act of law begins its life when a particular government minister or ministry prepares a first draft with the assistance of the Attorney-General's Department; the draft, known as a bill, is discussed by the Cabinet. If it is agreed to submit it to Parliament, the bill is distributed to all MPs, it goes through three readings before the Dewan Rakyat. The first reading is where his deputy submits it to Parliament. At the second reading, the bill is debated by MPs.
At the third reading, the minister or his deputy formally submit it to a vote for approval. A simple majority is required to pass the bill, but in certain cases, such as amendments to the constitution, a two-thirds majority is required. Should the bill pass, it is sent to the Dewan Negara, where the three readings are carried out again; the Dewan Negara may choose not to pass the bill, but this only delays its passage by a month, or in some cases, a year. If the bill passes, it is presented to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong who
Seri Negeri complex
Seri Negeri complex is the state secretariat building complex located in Ayer Keroh, Malaysia. It houses the offices of the chief minister, cabinet ministers, speaker of the state assembly, the state assembly hall Melaka State Legislative Assembly
United Malays National Organisation
The United Malays National Organisation is Malaysia's main opposition political party. It is a founding member of the Barisan Nasional coalition which, with its predecessor the Alliance, had been the government of Malaysia and dominated the country's politics from independence until 2018; until all of Malaysia's Prime Ministers had been members of UMNO, until Mahathir Mohamad became the first prime minister from Pakatan Harapan, the first prime minister to have tenures with two different parties. UMNO's goals are to uphold the aspirations of Malay nationalism and the dignity of race and country; the party aspires to protect the Malay culture as the national culture and to uphold and expand Islam across Malaysia. In the 2018 UMNO general elections, which were considered by many as crucial to the party's progression, former Deputy Prime Minister Ahmad Zahid Hamidi was elected UMNO president, who gained more votes than his rivals Khairy Jamaluddin and Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah. After the British returned to Malaya in the aftermath of World War II, the Malayan Union was formed.
However, the Union was met with much opposition due to its constitutional framework, which threatened Malay sovereignty over Malaya. A series of Malay congresses were held, culminating in the formation of the nationalist party, UMNO on 10 May 1946 at the Third Malay Congress in Johor Bahru, with Datuk Onn Jaafar as its leader. UMNO opposed the Malayan Union, but did not seek political power. UMNO has no choice with continuing to play its supporting role to the British rulers; the British helped to defeat the communist insurgency. In 1949, after the Malayan Union had been replaced by the semi-autonomous Federation of Malaya, UMNO shifted its focus to politics and governance; the Malay people thus search for their birth-rights since the government of Malaya did not proclaim it resulting in a confusing situation. However it is crucial that UMNO's struggle is not racial based; as they fought for other races once they are at the helm of the country. In 1951, Onn Jaafar left UMNO after failing to open its membership to non-Malay Malayans to form the Independence of Malaya Party.
Tunku Abdul Rahman replaced Dato' Onn as UMNO President. That same year, the Radical Party won thein Malaya—the George Town municipal council election—claiming six out of the nine seats available. In the following year, the Kuala Lumpur branch of UMNO formed an ad hoc and temporary electoral pact with the Selangor branch of Malayan Chinese Association to avoid contesting the same seats in the Kuala Lumpur municipal council elections. UMNO and MCA carried nine out of the twelve seats, dealing a crushing blow to the IMP. After several other successes in local council elections, the coalition was formalised as an "Alliance" in 1954. In 1954, state elections were held. In these elections, the Alliance won 226 of the 268 seats nationwide. In the same year, a Federal Legislative Council was formed. 52 would be elected, the rest would be appointed by the British High Commissioner. The Alliance demanded that 60 of the seats be elected, but despite the Tunku flying out to London to negotiate, the British held firm.
Elections for the council were held in 1955, the Alliance, which had now expanded to include the Malayan Indian Congress, issued a manifesto stating its goals of achieving independence by 1959, requiring a minimum of primary school education for all children, protecting the rights of the Malay rulers as constitutional monarchs, ending the Communist emergency, reforming the civil service through the hiring of more Malayans as opposed to foreigners. When the results were released, it emerged that the Alliance had won 51 of the 52 seats contested, with the other seat going to PAS; the Tunku became the first Chief Minister of Malaya. Throughout this period, the Malayan Emergency had been on-going; the Malayan Races Liberation Army, supported by the Malayan Communist Party, committed acts of terror such as tearing down farms, disrupting transportation and communication networks, attacking police stations, so forth. Their stated goal was the end of colonialism in Malaya; the British declared the MCP, along with several left-wing political groups, illegal in 1948.
In 1955, the Alliance government together with the British High Commissioner declared an amnesty for the communist insurgents who surrendered. Representatives from the Alliance government met with leaders of the MCP in an attempt to resolve the conflict peacefully, as their manifesto in the election stated. Chin Peng, the MCP Secretary-General, insisted that the MCP be allowed to contest elections and be declared a legal political party as a pre-condition to laying down arms. However, the Tunku rejected this. In 1956, the Tunku led a group of negotiators, comprising Alliance politicians and representatives of the Malay rulers, to London. There, they brokered a deal with the British for independence; the date of independence was set as 31 August 1957 on the condition that an independent commission is set up to draft a constitution for the country. The Alliance government was required to avoid seizing British and other foreign assets in Malaya. A defence treaty would be signed; the Reid Commission, led by Lord William Reid, was formed to draft the constitution.
Although enshrining concepts such as federalism and a constitutional monarchy, the proposed constitution contained provisions protecting special rights for the Malays
Mohd Khalil Yaakob
Tun Datuk Seri Utama Dr. Mohd Khalil bin Yaakob is the Yang di-Pertua Negeri of the Malaysian state of Melaka. Khalil is a United Malays National Organisation politician from Pahang, served as the state's Menteri Besar for more than 10 years, he was appointed as governor in 2004 by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong. Born in Kuantan, Khalil attended Malay College Kuala Kangsar and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Malaya, he was a career diplomat and served in Italy, Morocco and Indonesia. Khalil is a member of UMNO and served on its supreme council from 1984, he became party secretary-general in 1999 until his appointment as governor. His was first elected to the Bukit Ibam state seat in the Pahang State Assembly during the 1978 general elections. In 1982, he was appointed Deputy Minister of Education, he joined the Cabinet in 1984. Khalil won the Bukit Tajau state seat in the 1986 general elections, became Menteri Besar of Pahang, he served for three terms, until 1999. In the 1999 general elections, he rejoined federal politics and was elected as Member of Parliament for Kuantan.
He was appointed Minister of Information but did not contest the next election, held in 2004. In April 2001, a police report was lodged by Pahang state assemblyman Fauzi Abdul Rahman alleging that Mohd Khalil misappropriated state resources as Pahang Menteri Besar. On 4 June 2004, Khalil was appointed Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Melaka by Yang di-Pertuan Agong Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin. During his term as the Yang di-Pertua Negeri, Khalil's main goal was to make Malacca a progress state in the year 2010 and "Green Technology City State" in the year 2013, he was made Malacca City as the UNESCO's World Heritage Site on 7 July 2008. Among state major projects under his reign included, Pulau Melaka, Malacca Straits Mosque, Hang Tuah Mall in Jalan Hang Tuah, Dataran Pahlawan Megamall, Menara Taming Sari, Hang Tuah Village in Duyong, Hang Tuah Jaya, Planetarium Melaka, Melaka Sentral, Melaka Monorail, UTC Melaka, upgrading the Malacca Airport in Batu Berendam into international airport, Melaka Gateway and Malacca coastal reclamation land project.
Mohd Khalil is Tamil cinema in general. In August 2011, he re-enacted MGR's role in the film Vettaikaaran in a 45-minute performance at the State Culture and Art Auditorium; the Tun Mohd Khalil Yaakob Mosque at Tanjung Minyak is named after him. He has been awarded: He holds the title of "Tun Datuk Seri Utama" by combination of his highest Federal Malaysian title "Tun" and his highest Malaccan title "Datuk Seri Utama" In other states of Malaysia, a similar combination between his highest Federal Malaysian title "Tun" and his local highest title may be used. Example: Tun Datuk Seri Panglima in Sabah. Malacca As 6th Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Malacca since 4 June 2004: Knight Grand Commander of the Premier and Exalted Order of Malacca - Datuk Seri Utama Grand Master of the Exalted Order of Malacca Malaysia: Grand Commander of the Order of the Defender of the Realm - Tun Commander of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia - Tan Sri Companion of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia Kelantan: Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Life of the Crown of Kelantan or "Star of Ismail" - Dato' Pahang: Grand Knight of the Order of Sultan Ahmad Shah of Pahang - Dato' Sri Grand Knight of the Order of the Crown of Pahang - Dato' Sri Knight Companion of the Order of Sultan Ahmad Shah of Pahang - Dato' Companion of the Order of the Crown of Pahang Terengganu: Supreme class of the Order of Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu - Dato' Seri Utama Sabah: Grand Commander of the Order of Kinabalu - Datuk Seri Panglima Sarawak: Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of Hornbill Sarawak - Datuk Patinggi Germany: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of GermanyHe was awarded the Honorary Doctorate in Leadership from Limkokwing University of Creative Technology on 29 September 2016.
His wife, Y. A. Bhg. Toh Puan Datuk Seri Utama Hajah Zurina Binti Kassim has been awarded: She holds the title of "Toh Puan Datuk Seri Utama" by combination of Toh Puan, feminine form in respect of the highest Federal Malaysian title of her husband: "Tun" and her highest Malaccan title "Datuk Seri Utama" Malacca As wife of the 6th Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Malacca: Grand Commander of the Premier and Exalted Order of Malacca - Datuk Seri Utama']' Pahang: Grand Knight of the Order of the Crown of Pahang - Dato' Sri Office of the Governor