University of Melbourne
The University of Melbourne is a public research university located in Melbourne, Australia. Founded in 1853, it is the oldest in Victoria. Melbourne's main campus is located in Parkville, an inner suburb north of the Melbourne central business district, with several other campuses located across Victoria. Melbourne is a sandstone university and a member of the Group of Eight, Universitas 21 and the Association of Pacific Rim Universities. Since 1872 various residential colleges have become affiliated with the university. There are 10 colleges located on the main campus and in nearby suburbs offering academic and cultural programs alongside accommodation for Melbourne students and faculty. Melbourne comprises 11 separate academic units and is associated with numerous institutes and research centres, including the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research and the Grattan Institute.
Amongst Melbourne's 15 graduate schools the Melbourne Business School, the Melbourne Law School and the Melbourne Medical School are well regarded. Times Higher Education ranked Melbourne 32nd globally in 2017-2018, while the Academic Ranking of World Universities places Melbourne 38th in the world, in the QS World University Rankings 2019 Melbourne ranks 39th globally and ranked sixth in the world according to the 2019 QS Graduate Employability Rankings. Four Australian prime ministers and five governors-general have graduated from the University of Melbourne. Ten Nobel laureates have been the most of any Australian university; the University of Melbourne was established by Hugh Childers, the Auditor-General and Finance Minister, in his first Budget Speech on 4 November 1852, who set aside a sum of £10,000 for the establishment of a university. The university was established by Act of Incorporation on 22 January 1853, with power to confer degrees in arts, medicine and music; the act provided for an annual endowment of £9,000, while a special grant of £20,000 was made for buildings that year.
The foundation stone was laid on 3 July 1854, on the same day the foundation stone for the State Library Classes commenced in 1855 with three professors and sixteen students. The original buildings were opened by the Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Victoria, Sir Charles Hotham, on 3 October 1855; the first chancellor, Redmond Barry, held the position until his death in 1880. The inauguration of the university was made possible by the wealth resulting from Victoria's gold rush; the institution was designed to be a "civilising influence" at a time of rapid settlement and commercial growth. In 1881, the admission of women was a seen as victory over the more conservative ruling council; the university's 150th anniversary was celebrated in 2003. The Melbourne School of Land and Environment was disestablished on the first of January, 2015, its agriculture and food systems department moved alongside veterinary science to form the Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, while other areas of study, including horticulture, forestry and resource management, moved to the Faculty of Science in two new departments.
As of May 2009 the university "suspended" the Bachelor of Music Theatre and Puppetry courses at the college and there were fears they may not return under the new curriculum. A 2005 heads of agreement over the merger of the VCA and the university stated that the management of academic programs at the VCA would ensure that "the VCA continues to exercise high levels of autonomy over the conduct and future development of its academic programs so as to ensure their integrity and quality" and that the college's identity will be preserved. New dean Sharman Pretty outlined drastic changes under the university's plan for the college in early April 2009; as a result, it is now being called into question. Staff at the college responded to the changes, claiming the university did not value vocational arts training, voicing fears over the future of quality training at the VCA. Former Victorian arts minister Race Mathews has weighed in on the debate expressing his hope that, "Melbourne University will not proceed with its proposed changes to the Victorian College of the Arts", for'good sense' to prevail.
In 2011, the Victorian State Government allocated $24 million to support arts education at the VCA and the faculty was renamed the Faculty of the Victorian College of the Arts and the Melbourne Conservatorium of Music. The Parkville Campus is the primary campus of the university. Established in a large area north of Grattan Street in Parkville, the campus has expanded well beyond its boundaries, with many of its newly acquired buildings located in the nearby suburb of Carlton; the university is undertaking an'ambitious infrastructure program' to reshape campuses. Melbourne University has 10 residential colleges in total, seven of which are located in an arc around the cricket oval at the northern edge of the campus, known as College Crescent; the other three are located outside of university grounds. The residential colleges aim to provide accommodation and holistic education experience to university students. Most of the university's residential colleges admit students from RMIT University and Monash University, Parkville campus, with selected colleges accepting students from the Australian Catholic University and Victoria University.
Several of the earliest campus buildings, such as the Old Quadrangle and Baldwin Spencer buildings, feature period architecture. The new Wilson Hall replaced th
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 9,992.5 km2, comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, is the common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley, it has a population of 4.9 million, its inhabitants are referred to as "Melburnians". The city was founded on 30 August 1835, in the then-British colony of New South Wales, by free settlers from the colony of Van Diemen’s Land, it was incorporated as a Crown settlement in 1837 and named in honour of the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. In 1851, four years after Queen Victoria declared it a city, Melbourne became the capital of the new colony of Victoria. In the wake of the 1850s Victorian gold rush, the city entered a lengthy boom period that, by the late 1880s, had transformed it into one of the world's largest and wealthiest metropolises.
After the federation of Australia in 1901, it served as interim seat of government of the new nation until Canberra became the permanent capital in 1927. Today, it is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region and ranks 15th in the Global Financial Centres Index; the city is home to many of the best-known cultural institutions in the nation, such as the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the National Gallery of Victoria and the World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building. It is the birthplace of Australian impressionism, Australian rules football, the Australian film and television industries and Australian contemporary dance. More it has been recognised as a UNESCO City of Literature and a global centre for street art, live music and theatre, it is the host city of annual international events such as the Australian Grand Prix, the Australian Open and the Melbourne Cup, has hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. Due to it rating in entertainment and sport, as well as education, health care and development, the EIU ranks it the second most liveable city in the world.
The main airport serving the city is Melbourne Airport, the second busiest in Australia, Australia's busiest seaport the Port of Melbourne. Its main metropolitan rail terminus is Flinders Street station and its main regional rail and road coach terminus is Southern Cross station, it has the most extensive freeway network in Australia and the largest urban tram network in the world. Indigenous Australians have lived in the Melbourne area for an estimated 31,000 to 40,000 years; when European settlers arrived in the 19th-century, under 2,000 hunter-gatherers from three regional tribes—the Wurundjeri and Wathaurong—inhabited the area. It was an important meeting place for the clans of the Kulin nation alliance and a vital source of food and water; the first British settlement in Victoria part of the penal colony of New South Wales, was established by Colonel David Collins in October 1803, at Sullivan Bay, near present-day Sorrento. The following year, due to a perceived lack of resources, these settlers relocated to Van Diemen's Land and founded the city of Hobart.
It would be 30 years. In May and June 1835, John Batman, a leading member of the Port Phillip Association in Van Diemen's Land, explored the Melbourne area, claimed to have negotiated a purchase of 600,000 acres with eight Wurundjeri elders. Batman selected a site on the northern bank of the Yarra River, declaring that "this will be the place for a village" before returning to Van Diemen's Land. In August 1835, another group of Vandemonian settlers arrived in the area and established a settlement at the site of the current Melbourne Immigration Museum. Batman and his group arrived the following month and the two groups agreed to share the settlement known by the native name of Dootigala. Batman's Treaty with the Aborigines was annulled by Richard Bourke, the Governor of New South Wales, with compensation paid to members of the association. In 1836, Bourke declared the city the administrative capital of the Port Phillip District of New South Wales, commissioned the first plan for its urban layout, the Hoddle Grid, in 1837.
Known as Batmania, the settlement was named Melbourne in 1837 after the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, whose seat was Melbourne Hall in the market town of Melbourne, Derbyshire. That year, the settlement's general post office opened with that name. Between 1836 and 1842, Victorian Aboriginal groups were dispossessed of their land by European settlers. By January 1844, there were said to be 675 Aborigines resident in squalid camps in Melbourne; the British Colonial Office appointed five Aboriginal Protectors for the Aborigines of Victoria, in 1839, however their work was nullified by a land policy that favoured squatters who took possession of Aboriginal lands. By 1845, fewer than 240 wealthy Europeans held all the pastoral licences issued in Victoria and became a powerful political and economic force in Victoria for generations to come. Letters patent of Queen Victoria, issued on 25 June 1847, declared Melbourne a city. On 1 July 1851, the Port Phillip District separated from New South Wales to become the Colony of Victoria, with Melbourne as its capital.
The discovery of gold in Victoria in mid-1851 sparked a
Independent Publishers Group
Independent Publishers Group is a worldwide distributor for independent general and professional publishers, founded in 1971 to market titles from independent client publishers to the international book trade. As per other book wholesalers and distributors, IPG combines its client publishers’ books into a single list, comparable to the larger publishing houses. IPG’s distribution services to publishers include warehousing, bill collecting, sales to the book trade. IPG represents about 1,000 publishers, they are based in Illinois. IPG distributes publishers based in Australia, the United Kingdom, France, Switzerland, New Zealand and others. In 1987, IPG was acquired by Chicago Review Press an independent publisher founded at about the same time as IPG. IPG acquired Paul & Company, an 11-year-old distributor of university presses, in 2001. IPG now sells directly to universities. In 2006, IPG acquired Trafalgar Square Publishing, founded in 1973, the distributor of more than 100 publishers from the UK, New Zealand and Germany, representing more than 20,000 titles.
Its roster includes HarperCollins, Pan Macmillan, Penguin Random House from the UK and Allen and Unwin and Penguin Random House from Australia. In 2018, IPG acquired an academic book distributor. In August 2018, IPG acquired Midpoint Trade Books. Speaking to Publishers Weekly, IPG's CEO, Joe Matthews said that the publishing industry "is consolidating because distribution rewards scale, requires expensive technology, demands high-level access to customers." List of book distributors Chicago Review Press Official website
Peter Ryan (columnist)
Peter Allen Ryan MM was a newspaper columnist, World War II spy, director of Melbourne University Press and an officer of the Victorian Supreme Court. The son of a World War I veteran and VFL footballer, Emmett Ryan, Peter Ryan was educated at Malvern Grammar School, near his home in Glen Iris in Melbourne's eastern suburbs, he left school at 16 to work in the Victorian public service, but as soon as he turned 18 he enlisted in the army to fight in World War II. He served as an intelligence operative behind enemy lines in New Guinea for eighteen months, much of the time alone, he was mentioned in despatches. His 1959 book Fear Drive. On his return to Australia, he served under Alf Conlon at the Directorate of Research and Civil Affairs, he studied at the University of Melbourne from 1946. He married in 1947, worked as a freelance writer in advertising as Public Relations Manager with ICI in Melbourne, he was Director of Melbourne University Press from 1962 to 1989. He wrote about these years in his memoir Final Proof.
In the September 1993 edition of Quadrant he wrote an attack on the six-volume History of Australia by Manning Clark, which Melbourne University Press had published between 1962 and 1987. Among other things he said Clark's history was "over a million printed English words unrivalled in their power to combine the non sequitur with the anticlimax, to wring the last drops from a series of foregone conclusions"; the article aroused considerable controversy, which Ryan dealt with in a subsequent article in Quadrant in October 1994. He wrote a monthly column for Quadrant from March 1994 to October 2015. A selection of these columns was published in 2011 under the title, he died on 13 December 2015 at the age of 92. Ryan, Peter. Fear drive my feet. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. —. The preparation of manuscripts. Carlton: Melbourne University Press. —, ed.. Encyclopaedia of Papua and New Guinea. Carlton: Melbourne University Press, in association with the University of Papua and New Guinea. —. The Australian War Memorial.
Canberra: Australian National University Press. —. Redmond Barry: a colonial life, 1813–1880. —. William Macmahon Ball: a memoir. Black Bonanza: A Landslide of Gold Lines of Fire: Manning Clark & Other Writings Brief Lives: Biographical Glimpses of Ben Chifley, Paul Hasluck, A. D. Hope and Others Final Proof: Memoirs of a Publisher It Strikes Me: Essays by Peter Ryan 1994–2010 Ryan, Peter. "Discussing PNG rationally". Letters. Quadrant. 40: 5–6. —. "A Labor'non-person'". Letters. Quadrant. 40: 8. Publisher's biography at Duffy & Snellgrove Publisher's biography at Text Publishing Service record article in the Australian about fellow DORCA alumnus Ida Leeson Five tributes to Peter Ryan in Quadrant March 2016
Australia the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area; the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north. The population of 25 million is urbanised and concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, its largest city is Sydney; the country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, it is documented. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day; the population grew in subsequent decades, by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Being the oldest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils, Australia has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres. A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east. A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications and manufacturing. Indigenous Australian rock art is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites. Australia is a developed country, with the world's 14th-largest economy.
It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power, has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's ninth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks in quality of life, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism; the name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times. When Europeans first began visiting and mapping Australia in the 17th century, the name Terra Australis was applied to the new territories.
Until the early 19th century, Australia was best known as "New Holland", a name first applied by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1644 and subsequently anglicised. Terra Australis still saw occasional usage, such as in scientific texts; the name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who said it was "more agreeable to the ear, an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth". The first time that Australia appears to have been used was in April 1817, when Governor Lachlan Macquarie acknowledged the receipt of Flinders' charts of Australia from Lord Bathurst. In December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office. In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known by that name; the first official published use of the new name came with the publication in 1830 of The Australia Directory by the Hydrographic Office. Colloquial names for Australia include "Oz" and "the Land Down Under". Other epithets include "the Great Southern Land", "the Lucky Country", "the Sunburnt Country", "the Wide Brown Land".
The latter two both derive from Dorothea Mackellar's 1908 poem "My Country". Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 65,000 to 70,000 years ago, with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia; these first inhabitants were the ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal Australian culture is one of the oldest continual civilisations on earth. At the time of first European contact, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers with complex economies and societies. Recent archaeological finds suggest. Indigenous Australians have an oral culture with spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime; the Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, obtained their livelihood from seasonal horticulture and the resources of their reefs and seas. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited s
Penguin Random House
Penguin Random House is an American multinational conglomerate publishing company formed in 2013 from the merger of Random House and Penguin Group. As of 2013, Penguin Random House employed about 10,000 people globally and published 15,000 titles annually under its 250 divisions and imprints; these titles include nonfiction for adults and children in both print and digital. Penguin Random House comprises Penguin and Random House in the U. S. U. K. Canada, New Zealand and India. Penguin Random House was formed on July 1, 2013, upon the completion of a £2.4 billion merger between Bertelsmann and Pearson to merge their respective trade publishing companies, Random House and Penguin Group. Bertelsmann and Pearson, the parent companies, owning 53% and 47%, respectively; the creation of the company has been referred to as the publishing industry's response to the increasing dominance of Amazon.com in the book market. Markus Dohle was named CEO of the new company which had more than 10,000 employees around the world with 250 imprints and publishing houses and a publishing list of over 15,000 new titles a year.
PRH relaunched Book Country, Penguin's online unit, in July 2013. In September 2014, Random House Studio signed a first look production deal with Universal Pictures, under which Random House would be the producer of films based on Penguin Random House books; the Universal subsidiary Focus Features will collaborate with Random House Films. Having spearheaded the creation process of Puffin Rock animation, Richard Haines is heading PRH Children's TV development strategy with the assistance of licensing, TV development executive Emily Campan. Haines would report to Francesca Dow. In November 2015, Pearson announced that it will be rebranding and focusing on its education division, it was predicted. Pearson CEO John Fallon estimated that the company would wait until at least 2017. In July 2017, Pearson agreed to sell a 22% stake in the business to Bertelsmann, thereby retaining a 25% holding. In June 2014 Penguin Random House unveiled a new logo designed by Michael Beirut of Pentagram; the logo is a simple serif font with the words Penguin Random House bookended by orange.
For the 250 or so imprints this design would display their traditional logo image to the left of the Penguin Random House words. The logo was introduced in an animated video showcasing various imprints. DK was founded in London in 1974 and is a reference publisher focusing on non-fiction for adults and children. Alpha, publishes Complete Idiot's Guides Prima Games, publishes video game strategy guides Rough Guides, publishes travel guidesAs of 2015 DK has official publishing relationships with Angry Birds, Lego and Star Wars. Crown Publishing was founded in 1933 as the Outlet Book Company, a remainder house, is now a publisher of fiction and narrative non-fiction. Amphoto Books, publishes photography books Broadway Books, founded in 1996 as part of Bantam Doubleday Dell and is now the paperback imprint of Crown Clarkson Potter, produces cookbooks, illustrated gift books, journals Crown Archetype, hardcover publisher of pop-culture titles Crown Business, publishes business-related content Crown Forum, publishes political discourse Harmony Books, publishes self-help titles Hogarth Press, partnership between Crown in the U.
S. and Windus in the U. K. Convergent, Image Catholic Books, Waterbrook & Multnomah publish Christian non-fiction and fiction titles Pam Krauss Books, founded in 1915 and publishes culinary and lifestyle related titles Rodale Books Ten Speed Press, joined Crown in 2009 as a West Coast publisher of nonfiction and gift titles Tim Duggan Books, founded in 2014 Watson-Guptill, publishes illustrated art books as part of Ten Speed Press Alfred A. Knopf, publisher of hardcover fiction and nonfiction, founded in 1915 by Alfred A. Knopf, Blanche KnopfTitles under Alfred A. Knopf have won 58 Pulitzers as well as Nobel and National Book Awards. Doubleday, publisher of commercial and serious nonfiction founded in 1897 Pantheon, founded in 1942 by Kurt Wolff Schocken, publisher of Judaica, became a part of Random House in 1945 Vintage Books, trade paperback publisher founded by Alfred A. Knopf in 1954 Anchor Books, publisher of history, women's studies and fiction Vintage Español, Spanish-language publisher in the United States, founded in 1994 by Alfred A. Knopf Black Lizard known as Vintage Crime, publisher of crime fiction, acquired by Random House in 1990 Nan A. Talese, literary imprint formed in 1990 to house authors published by editor Nan A. Talese Everyman's Library, a series of reprinted classic literature published in hardback Avery, publisher of nonfiction and lifestyle books founded in 1974 Berkley Publishing Group/New American Library, contain several imprints including Jove, Ace, Roc and Caliber DAW, publisher of science fiction and fantasy Dutton, small boutique fiction and non-fiction publisher of about 40 books per year Putnam, publisher founded in 1838 Pamela Dorman Books/Viking, established in 2010 as a boutique publisher of VP Pamela Dorman Penguin, established in the 1930s as a publisher of mass market paperbacks.
P. Putnam's Sons.