Kevin Michael Rudd is an Australian former politician, the 26th Prime Minister of Australia, serving from December 2007 to June 2010 and again from June to September 2013. He held office as the leader of the Australian Labor Party. Rudd was born in Queensland, he has a degree in Chinese studies from the Australian National University, is fluent in Mandarin. Before entering politics, he worked as a diplomat, political staffer, public servant. Rudd was elected to the House of Representatives at the 1998 election, running in the Division of Griffith, he was promoted to the Shadow Cabinet in 2001 as Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs. In December 2006, he challenged Kim Beazley to become the Leader of the Labor Party. Under Rudd, Labor overtook the incumbent Coalition government led by John Howard in the polls, making a number of policy announcements in education, industrial relations, climate change. Labor won the 2007 election with a 23-seat swing in its favour; the Rudd Government's first acts included signing the Kyoto Protocol and delivering an apology to Indigenous Australians for the Stolen Generations.
Its signature policies included the National Broadband Network, the Digital Education Revolution, Building the Education Revolution. It largely dismantled WorkChoices, withdrew Australia's remaining Iraq War combat personnel, organised the Australia 2020 Summit; the government provided economic stimulus packages in response to the global financial crisis, Australia was one of the few developed countries to avoid the late-2000s recession. Despite a long period of popularity in opinion polls, a significant fall in Rudd's personal ratings in the middle of 2010 was blamed on a proposed Resource Super Profits Tax and the deferral of the Senate-rejected Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme. With the next election drawing near, there was growing dissatisfaction with Rudd's leadership within the Labor Party. Rudd's deputy Julia Gillard announced on 23 June 2010 that she would challenge him for the leadership the following day, he chose not to contest, knowing he would be defeated if he contested the leadership, on the morning of the ballot he resigned as Prime Minister.
However, he remained in politics and re-contested his seat at the 2010 election, after which Labor formed a minority government. In September 2010, Rudd was promoted back to cabinet as Minister for Foreign Affairs, he remained in that post until his resignation on 22 February 2012, Gillard called a leadership spill the following day, which Rudd lost 71–31. Tensions over the leadership continued, Gillard announced another ballot in March 2013, which Rudd did not contest. A further ballot was held in June 2013, which Rudd won 57–45, his second term as prime minister lasted less than three months. Despite an initial rise in opinion polls following his return, Labor was defeated in the 2013 election. Rudd announced his retirement from politics a few months after the 2013 election. In February 2014, he was named a senior fellow with John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, where he completed a major research effort on the future of China–United States relations. In September 2014, he became a distinguished fellow at the Paulson Institute, a think tank at the University of Chicago.
He is the inaugural President of the Asia Society Policy Institute, chairs the Independent Commission on Multilateralism and the Sanitation and Water for All global partnership. Rudd is of Irish descent, his paternal fourth great-grandparents were English and of convict heritage: Thomas Rudd and Mary Cable. Thomas arrived from London, England in 1801. Thomas Rudd, convicted of stealing a bag of sugar, arrived in NSW on board the Earl Cornwallis in 1801. Rudd was born in Nambour, Queensland, to Albert and Margaret Rudd, the youngest son of four children, grew up on a dairy farm in nearby Eumundi. At an early age, he spent a considerable time at home convalescing, it damaged his heart, in particular the valves, for which he has thus far had two aortic valve replacement surgeries, but this was discovered only some 12 years later. Farm life, which required the use of horses and guns, is where he developed his lifelong love of horse riding and shooting clay targets, he attended Eumundi State School.
When Rudd was 11, his father, a share farmer and Country Party member, died. Rudd states that the family was required to leave the farm amidst financial difficulty between two and three weeks after the death, though the family of the landowner states that the Rudds didn't have to leave for six months. Following this traumatic childhood and despite familial connections with the Country Party, Rudd joined the Australian Labor Party in 1972 at the age of 15. Rudd boarded at Marist College Ashgrove in Brisbane, although these years were not happy due to the indignity of poverty and reliance on charity, he has since described the school as "tough, unforgiving, institutional Catholicism of the old school". Two years after she retrained as a nurse, Rudd's mother moved the family to Nambour, Rudd rebuilt his standing through study and scholastic application and was dux of Nambour State High School in 1974, his future Treasurer Wayne Swan attended the same school at the same time, although they did not know each other as Swan was three years ahead.
In that year, he was the Queensland winner of the Rotary "Youth Speaks
The Seven Network is a major Australian commercial free-to-air television network. It is owned by Seven West Media Limited, is one of five main free-to-air television networks in Australia. Channel Seven head. Since 2007, the Seven Network has been the highest rated television network and primary channel in Australia; the Seven Network is the broadcaster of popular franchises and programs, including the AFL, the Cricket, the Olympics, Sunrise, My Kitchen Rules, The Chase Australia, Australia's Got Talent, House Rules and Away, Better Homes & Gardens and Seven News. In 2011 the Seven Network won all 40 out of 40 weeks of the ratings season for total viewers. Seven is the first to achieve this since the introduction of the OzTAM ratings system in 2001; as of 2014, it is the second largest network in the country in terms of population reach. Seven's administration headquarters are in Eveleigh, completed in 2003. National news and current affairs programming are based between flagship station ATN-7 in Sydney and HSV-7 in Melbourne.
In 2009, Seven moved its Sydney-based production operations from Epping to a purpose-built high-definition television production facility at the Australian Technology Park in Eveleigh. The present Seven Network began as a group of independent stations in Sydney, Brisbane and Perth. HSV-7 Melbourne, licensed to The Herald and Weekly Times Ltd, was launched on 4 November 1956, the first station in the country to use the VHF7 frequency. ATN-7 Sydney, licensed to Amalgamated Television Services, a subsidiary of Fairfax, was launched on 2 December 1956; the two stations did not share resources, instead formed content-sharing partnerships with their VHF9 counterparts by 1957: ATN-7 partnered with Melbourne's GTV-9, while HSV-7 paired up with Sydney's TCN-9. TVW-7 Perth, licensed to TVW Limited, a subsidiary of West Australian Newspapers, publisher of The West Australian, began broadcasting two years on 16 October 1959, as the city's first commercial station. BTQ-7 Brisbane followed on 1 November, signing on as Brisbane's second commercial television station.
ADS-7 Adelaide was launched on 24 October 1959 as the final capital city VHF7 station. The station swapped frequencies with SAS-10, with the latter becoming SAS-7HSV-7 began its relationship with the Victorian Football League in April 1957, when the station broadcast the first live Australian rules football match. Throughout this time, the stations operated independently of each other, with schedules made up of various simple, inexpensive, such as Pick a Box and spinoffs of popular radio shows. In the early 1960s, coaxial cable links, formed between Sydney and Melbourne, allowed the sharing of programmes and simultaneous broadcasts of live shows. In 1960, Frank Packer, the owner of Sydney's TCN-9, bought a controlling share of Melbourne's GTV-9, in the process creating the country's first television network and dissolving the ATN-7/GTV-9 and HSV-7/TCN-9 partnerships. Left without their original partners, ATN-7 and HSV-7 joined to form the Australian Television Network in 1963; the new grouping was soon joined by other capital-city channel 7 stations, ADS-7 Adelaide and BTQ-7 Brisbane.
The new network began to produce and screen higher-budget programs to attract viewers, most notably Homicide, a series which would continue for another 12 years to become the nation's longest running drama series. However, it was not until 1970 that a national network logo was adopted, albeit still with independently owned and operated stations with local advertising campaigns. Colour television was introduced across the network in 1975. Rupert Murdoch made an unsuccessful bid for the Herald and Weekly Times, owners of HSV-7, in 1979 going on to gain control of rival ATV-10. Fairfax, however bought a 14.9% share of the company in the same year. The 1980s saw the introduction of stereo sound, as well as a number of successful shows, most notably A Country Practice in 1981, Sons and Daughters, which began in 1982. Wheel of Fortune began its 25-year run in July 1981, produced from ADS-7's studios in Adelaide; the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow were shown live on the network the year before. Neighbours began on Seven in 1985, but low ratings in Sydney led to the cancellation of the new series at the end of the year, which moved to Network Ten and went on to achieve international success.
Perth based businessman Robert Holmes à Court, through his business the Bell Group, bought TVW-7 from its original owners, West Australian Newspapers in 1982. The Herald and Weekly Times, owner of HSV-7 and ADS-7, was sold to Rupert Murdoch in December 1986 for an estimated A$1.8 billion. Murdoch's company, News Limited, sold off HSV-7 to Fairfax soon afterwards, for $320 million. Fairfax went on to axe a number of locally produced shows in favour of networked content from its Sydney counterpart, ATN-7. Cross-media ownership laws introduced in 1987 forced Fairfax to choose between its print and television operations – it chose the former, sold off its stations to Qintex Ltd. owned by businessman Christopher Skase. Qintex had bought, subsequently sold off, stations in Brisbane and regional Queensland before taking control of the network; the next year, another new logo was introduced along with evening soap Home and Away and a relaunched Seven Nightly News, now known as Seven News. The network became national in 1988 when Skase bought TVW-7 for $130 million.
In 1989, the network cha
New South Wales
New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, South Australia to the west, its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen; the Colony of New South Wales was founded as a penal colony in 1788. It comprised more than half of the Australian mainland with its western boundary set at 129th meridian east in 1825; the colony included the island territories of New Zealand, Van Diemen's Land, Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island. During the 19th century, most of the colony's area was detached to form separate British colonies that became New Zealand and the various states and territories of Australia.
However, the Swan River Colony has never been administered as part of New South Wales. Lord Howe Island remains part of New South Wales, while Norfolk Island has become a federal territory, as have the areas now known as the Australian Capital Territory and the Jervis Bay Territory; the prior inhabitants of New South Wales were the Aboriginal tribes who arrived in Australia about 40,000 to 60,000 years ago. Before European settlement there were an estimated 250,000 Aboriginal people in the region; the Wodi Wodi people are the original custodians of the Illawarra region of South Sydney. Speaking a variant of the Dharawal language, the Wodi Wodi people lived across a large stretch of land, surrounded by what is now known as Campbelltown, Shoalhaven River and Moss Vale; the Bundjalung people are the original custodians of parts of the northern coastal areas. The European discovery of New South Wales was made by Captain James Cook during his 1770 survey along the unmapped eastern coast of the Dutch-named continent of New Holland, now Australia.
In his original journal covering the survey, in triplicate to satisfy Admiralty Orders, Cook first named the land "New Wales", named after Wales. However, in the copy held by the Admiralty, he "revised the wording" to "New South Wales"; the first British settlement was made by. After years of chaos and anarchy after the overthrow of Governor William Bligh, a new governor, Lieutenant-Colonel Lachlan Macquarie, was sent from Britain to reform the settlement in 1809. During his time as governor, Macquarie commissioned the construction of roads, wharves and public buildings, sent explorers out from Sydney and employed a planner to design the street layout of Sydney. Macquarie's legacy is still evident today. During the 19th century, large areas were successively separated to form the British colonies of Tasmania, South Australia and Queensland. Responsible government was granted to the New South Wales colony in 1855. Following the Treaty of Waitangi, William Hobson declared British sovereignty over New Zealand in 1840.
In 1841 it was separated from the Colony of New South Wales to form the new Colony of New Zealand. Charles Darwin visited Australia in January 1836 and in The Voyage of the Beagle records his hesitations about and fascination with New South Wales, including his speculations about the geological origin and formation of the great valleys, the aboriginal population, the situation of the convicts, the future prospects of the country. At the end of the 19th century, the movement toward federation between the Australian colonies gathered momentum. Conventions and forums involving colony leaders were held on a regular basis. Proponents of New South Wales as a free trade state were in dispute with the other leading colony Victoria, which had a protectionist economy. At this time customs posts were common on borders on the Murray River. Travelling from New South Wales to Victoria in those days was difficult. Supporters of federation included the New South Wales premier Sir Henry Parkes whose 1889 Tenterfield Speech was pivotal in gathering support for New South Wales involvement.
Edmund Barton to become Australia's first Prime Minister, was another strong advocate for federation and a meeting held in Corowa in 1893 drafted an initial constitution. In 1898 popular referenda on the proposed federation were held in New South Wales, South Australia and Tasmania. All votes resulted in a majority in favour, but the New South Wales government under Premier George Reid had set a requirement for a higher "yes" vote than just a simple majority, not met. In 1899 further referenda were held in the same states as well as Queensland. All resulted in yes votes with majorities increased from the previous year. New South Wales met the conditions; as a compromise to the question on where the capital was to be located, an agreement was made that the site was to be within New South Wales but not closer than 100 miles from Sydney, while the provisional capital would be Melbourne. The area that now forms the Australian Capital Territory was ceded by New South Wales when Canberra was selected.
In the years after World War I, the high prices enjoyed durin
Charles Sturt University
Charles Sturt University is an Australian multi-campus public university located in New South Wales, Queensland and the Australian Capital Territory. Established in 1989, it was named in honour of Captain Charles Sturt, a British explorer who made expeditions into regional New South Wales and South Australia; the University has multiple campuses in Albury-Wodonga, Dubbo, Orange, Port Macquarie, Coffs Harbour, Wagga Wagga and Canberra. The University facilitates specialist centres in North Parramatta, Wangaratta as well as Regional University Study Centres in Griffith and Parkes. Courses are delivered in conjunction with Study Group Australia in Sydney and Brisbane. Charles Sturt University offers various Distance Education programs at Bachelor and Post-Graduate level as well as the Single Subject Study program. CSU has various course delivery partnerships with several TAFE institutions across the country. Charles Sturt University was established on 1 July 1989 from the merger of several existing separately-administered Colleges of Advanced Education including the Mitchell College of Advanced Education in Bathurst, the Riverina-Murray Institute of Higher Education in Albury-Wodonga and the Riverina College of Advanced Education in Wagga Wagga, through the enactment of The Charles Sturt University Act, 1989.
It is named in honour of explorer Charles Sturt. The Mitchell College of Advanced Education had been formed on 1 January 1970, the Riverina Murray Institute of Education campus in Wagga Wagga and Albury-Wodonga had operated since 1984; the latter institution had earlier succeeded the Riverina College of Advanced Education, itself the result of an earlier merger between Wagga Agricultural College and the Wagga Wagga Teachers College. In 1998, CSU established the first Study Centre in Sydney and in Melbourne in 2007; these study centres are operated by a private education group called Study Group Australia. On 1 January 2005, CSU formalised moves to assume control of the University of Sydney's Orange campus, which came into force on 1 January 2005. Between 2005 and 2015, CSU had expand an offshore campus in Ontario in Canada. On July 2015, CSU "regretfully" ceased to operate its Ontario campus due to the legislative and regulatory environment in Ontario. On 14 February 2011 CSU changed its logo.
The sturt desert pea flower is now stylised and made prominent, with the full name of the university as part of its logo. On 1 May 2012, a milestone was reached as CSU opened a new campus in Port Macquarie, CSU's first coastal, regional campus; this made Higher Education accessible to the Hastings region. It provides opportunities for students with the desire to study close to the beach, as well as options for local students to access the resources of a world-class university close to home. In 2013, the University implemented a gas engine cogeneration power plant to help minimise fuel costs and carbon emissions. On 18 April 2016 at the Port Macquarie Campus and students moved into Stage One of their purpose built campus. Two more stages are expected to be complete over the coming years with an expected student intake of 5000 by the year 2030. On 28 July 2016, CSU has been declared Australia's First Official Carbon Neutral University; the University has multiple campuses in Albury-Wodonga, Dubbo, Orange, Port Macquarie, Wagga Wagga and Canberra.
The University facilitates specialist centres in North Parramatta, Wangaratta as well as Regional University Study Centres in Griffith and Parkes. Courses are delivered in conjunction with Study Group Australia in Sydney and Brisbane. Library branches operate at the Wagga Wagga, Albury-Wodonga, Dubbo and Port Macquarie campuses; as of 2015, 69% of book purchases were ebooks. CSU has each offering a range of courses and discipline opportunities; each Faculty comprises a number of Schools and centres for specific areas of study and research: Faculty of Arts and Education Faculty of Business and Behavioural Sciences Faculty of Science The Faculty of Arts and Education covers a broad range courses between the Arts and Education Disciplines. The Arts Discipline cover subject segments of visual arts, performing arts, history, human services, philosophy and theology. Schools & Centres include: School of Communication and Creative Industries School of Humanities and Social Sciences School of Theology Australian Centre for Christianity and Culture Centre for Islamic Sciences and CivilisationThe Education side of the Faculty offers a range of courses in teacher education, information and library studies.
Schools include: School of Education School of Indigenous Australian Studies School of Information Studies School of Teacher Education The Faculty of Business and Behavioural Sciences brings together a range of courses, focusing on real-world challenges in areas of Business and Behavioural Sciences disciplines. The Business Discipline has garnered attention by employers for producing graduates excelling in today's business world challenges, their distance education postgraduate PhD/DBA and Masters programs are eagerly sought-after, both nationally and internationally. The Business Schools and centres facilitated include: School of Accounting and Finance School of Computing and Mathematics School of Management and Marketing CSU EngineeringThe Justice side of the Faculty covers policing, law, customs and border management. Schools and centres include: School of Policing Studies Australian Graduate School of Policing and Security Centre for Customs and Exc
David Koch (television presenter)
David James Koch nicknamed "Kochie" is an Australian television presenter best known as a host of the Seven Network's breakfast program Sunrise. From Adelaide, he began his media career as a financial journalist, writing for a number of different publications before moving to television. Koch has been the chairman of the Port Adelaide Football Club, an Australian Football League club, since October 2012. Koch was born on 7 March 1956 in South Australia, he trained as an accountant, started as a cadet on the business pages of The Australian newspaper before joining BRW magazine soon after its launch in the early 1980s. He was one of the founders of consumer finance journalism in Australia and created Personal Investment magazine, which made him the youngest editor in the Fairfax Media group, he launched Personal Investment magazines in New Zealand and the UK. He produced Britain's first Rich List which started in Money Magazine which he had bought for Fairfax. In 1988 he launched trade publishing group Australian Financial Press in a joint venture with Fairfax.
AFP went on to create New Accountant and Money Management magazines. He provides business and financial commentary for several publications, including Pacific Magazines, Yahoo Finance and the "Your Money" section of News Ltd newspapers. Koch was a director of the NSW Small Business Development Corporation Ltd for eight years after its inception in 1996; as a former business owner and operator and now director of Pinstripe Media Pty Ltd, he speaks at corporate events about small business and investment issues. Koch has presented over 100 episodes of a weekly small business program on the Seven Network, Business Builders, which helps private business owners improve their business; the program is produced by Koch's company Pinstripe Media. In 2013, Koch launched KBB Digital, a digital marketing agency for small business, an extension of the'Kochie's Business Builders' brand. Koch presents Seven Network's Sunrise breakfast program on weekdays as co-host with Samantha Armytage, he was hired to replace Chris Reason who stepped down after a cancer diagnosis towards the end of 2002.
He and his original co-presenter, Melissa Doyle, hosted the program over a period that saw viewer ratings grow until Sunrise became the leading breakfast television show in Australia. Koch co-hosted another Seven Network production, Where Are They Now? with then-Sunrise co-host Melissa Doyle. He hosts a show for small businesses, Kochie's Business Builders, which airs on Sundays on the Seven Network. Koch was nominated for a silver Logie in 2005 for Best TV Presenter. Koch has written several practical books on business financial management; the book was parodied in an episode of The Chaser's War on Everything where reading jokes from "Kochie" was the only thing that got a laugh at a stand-up comedy club. In a survey conducted by Money Management newspaper, his peers recognised him as one of the 10 most influential people of all time in the financial services industry. There may be a conflict of interest in this recognition he received from Money Management newspaper given he set up the publication via his trade publishing group Australian Financial Press.
Koch was parodied on the television show Comedy Inc. in which he was played by Paul McCarthy. Reader's Digest listed him in the top 50 Most Trusted Australians. In 2007, readers of Banking and Finance Magazine voted Koch Australia's Best Finance Journalist while the Council of Small Business Organisations of Australia presented him with the "Small Business Champion award" in recognition of his support of Australian small business. Koch was named 2007 Australian Father of the Year by the Australian Father's Day Council on 31 August 2007, he appeared on Australian soap opera Home and Away in 2007 and appeared on All Saints in 2004 as an Elvis impersonator. Koch was the number one ticket-holder of Australian Football League team Port Adelaide Football Club from 2007, jointly with Australian model and actress Teresa Palmer in 2009 and is a shareholder in the Sydney Kings basketball team. Through a Sunrise campaign and his involvement in ShareLife, Koch influenced the federal government to establish a national authority to oversee Australia's organ transplant system.
Australia had the highest level of registered organ donors per head of population in the world but one of the lowest transplant rates. The new national authority aims to bring Australian transplant rates up to world's best practice. Koch was Chairman of the'Organ and Tissue Authority Advisory Council' but resigned on-air, during a Sunrise broadcast on 27 May 2015, in protest over a government review of organ donation. Assistant Health Minister Fiona Nash had failed to advise him about the review. Koch played the voice of the "Australian Newsreader" in the 2009 DreamWorks film, Monsters vs. Aliens, he walked the Kokoda Track. On 2 October 2012, Koch was announced as the chairman of the Port Adelaide Football Club a position he started at the beginning of 2013, succeeding Brett Duncanson. In October 2014, Koch launched his website rescue competition, to help change the digital lives of 3 Australian small businesses. In April 2006, Koch walked the Kokoda Track in remembrance of Anzac Day, he was accompanied by his son A.
J. his brother, his nephew, fellow news presenter Natalie Barr's husband Andrew, politicians Joe Hockey and Kevin Rudd, Rudd's son. Their journey was documented for Sunrise and finished with a telev
Greater Western Sydney Giants
The Greater Western Sydney Giants, nicknamed the GWS Giants or just Giants, is a professional Australian rules football club which plays in the Australian Football League. Representing the Greater Western Sydney area and Canberra, the club is based at the Tom Wills Oval in Sydney Olympic Park; the team's primary home ground is Spotless Stadium in Sydney Olympic Park. Four games a year are played at Manuka Oval in Canberra as part of a deal with the government of the Australian Capital Territory; the club played its first game as a regular part of the AFL in March 2012. A reserve team, the Western Sydney University Giants, participates in the North East Australian Football League, as part of a partnership between the club and the university; the reserve team was renamed in 2016 to reflect the rebranding of the university from University of Western Sydney. A netball team, Giants Netball, operated by the club, competes in the National Netball League; the idea of an AFL team from western Sydney originated from the AFL's plans in 1999 to make the North Melbourne Football Club Sydney's second team.
Following the momentum of the relocated Swans Grand Final appearance, the AFL had backed the move for North Melbourne, a club which had previously gained market exposure by defeating the Swans in their first re-location Grand Final appearance. However the venture was unsuccessful and after several games a season North Melbourne never managed to draw crowds of over 15,000 at the Sydney Cricket Ground before leaving the market and experimenting with Canberra and the Gold Coast; the AFL's interest in the Western Sydney market appeared to be rekindled after the Sydney Swans' second, more successful Grand Final appearance in 2005, which started grassroots interest in the game in the populous region. In 2006, the AFL introduced the NSW Scholarships scheme aimed at juniors in West Sydney market to foster home grown talent and produce AFL players, a region which despite its large and growing population, had produced few professional Australian Footballers; the AFL was buoyed when it gained the support of NSW premier Morris Iemma in late 2006, the league became a partner in the Blacktown sporting facility in Rooty Hill, New South Wales.
The facility was announced as the new home base for its team out of western Sydney in 2007. In January 2008, the AFL registered the business name Western Sydney Football Club Ltd with ASIC. In March 2008, it was revealed by the media that the AFL had considered a radical proposal to launch an Irish-dominated team in Sydney's western suburbs, which would perform before an international audience under the "Celtic" brand name; the "Sydney Celtics" plan was first put to AFL chief executive Andrew Demetriou in early 2007 by Gaelic Players Association executive Donal O'Neill. It was said that the proposal originated at the International Rules series in Ireland in late 2006 when O'Neill put forward a plan to purchase an AFL licence in Sydney. However, the idea never materialised and the AFL has since stated that this was never a serious option. In March 2008, the AFL won the support of the league's 16 club presidents to establish an eighteenth side in Western Sydney; the Western Sydney working party devising player rules and draft concessions for the second Sydney team met on 22 July 2008.
During 2008, the AFL Commission, whose agenda was to make a final decision on the Western Sydney Football Club, delayed it on multiple occasions. During the same year, in November, the AFL announced a A$100 million venture for a boutique stadium at the Sydney Showground, in the city's west. After a third meeting in Sydney in November, the AFL cited the Economic crisis of 2008 as being a key factor in the delays. While the AFL reiterated its stance on the Western Sydney licence, the commission admitted that the delay in the decision was due to financial remodelling of the bid in response to the crisis, conceded that the debut of the team in the AFL may eventuate one or more seasons than suggested; the expansion licence drew increasing media scepticism and public criticism in the light of a poor finals attendance in Sydney, declining Sydney Swans attendances and memberships, the economic crisis and the Tasmanian AFL Bid which had gained significant momentum and public support during 2008. An Australian Senate enquiry into the Tasmanian AFL Bid concluded that Sydney had "insurmountable cultural barriers" to the establishment of a second AFL team.
In May 2009, AIS/AFL Academy coach Alan McConnell was appointed as the club's high performance manager. McConnell was the first full-time appointment for GWS and his new role commenced on 1 July 2009. Kevin Sheedy was appointed inaugural coach in November 2009, his role commenced on 2 February 2010. His first senior assistant coach was former premiership coach of Mark Williams. Williams left the role at the conclusion of 2012, in order to become a development coach at the Richmond Tigers. In November 2010 Skoda Australia was announced as the team's first major sponsor, signing a three-year contract which included naming rights to the team's home ground at the Sydney Showground. SpotJobs became a sponsor in March 2015, they featured on the back of the Giants’ playing guernseys for home matches in Sydney and Canberra and on the front of the guernseys for all the team's away games for that year only. Virgin Australia, Toyo Tyres and St. George bank are the main sponsors, alongside with apparel partner, X Blades.
On 4 October 2012, Greater Western Sydney confirmed Leon Cameron as its new senior assistant coach for 2013. This role expanded to Senior Coach and he is contracted until 2020 in this role. In 20
A journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information to the public. A journalist's work is called journalism. A journalist can specialize in certain issues. However, most journalists tend to specialize, by cooperating with other journalists, produce journals that span many topics. For example, a sports journalist covers news within the world of sports, but this journalist may be a part of a newspaper that covers many different topics. A reporter is a type of journalist who researches and reports on information in order to present in sources, conduct interviews, engage in research, make reports; the information-gathering part of a journalist's job is sometimes called reporting, in contrast to the production part of the job such as writing articles. Reporters may split their time between working in a newsroom and going out to witness events or interviewing people. Reporters may be assigned a specific area of coverage. Depending on the context, the term journalist may include various types of editors, editorial writers and visual journalists, such as photojournalists.
Journalism has developed a variety of standards. While objectivity and a lack of bias are of primary concern and importance, more liberal types of journalism, such as advocacy journalism and activism, intentionally adopt a non-objective viewpoint; this has become more prevalent with the advent of social media and blogs, as well as other platforms that are used to manipulate or sway social and political opinions and policies. These platforms project extreme bias, as "sources" are not always held accountable or considered necessary in order to produce a written, televised, or otherwise "published" end product. Matthew C. Nisbet, who has written on science communication, has defined a "knowledge journalist" as a public intellectual who, like Walter Lippmann, David Brooks, Fareed Zakaria, Naomi Klein, Michael Pollan, Thomas Friedman, Andrew Revkin, sees their role as researching complicated issues of fact or science which most laymen would not have the time or access to information to research themselves communicating an accurate and understandable version to the public as a teacher and policy advisor.
In his best-known books, Public Opinion and The Phantom Public, Lippmann argued that most individuals lacked the capacity and motivation to follow and analyze news of the many complex policy questions that troubled society. Nor did they directly experience most social problems, or have direct access to expert insights; these limitations were made worse by a news media that tended to over-simplify issues and to reinforce stereotypes, partisan viewpoints, prejudices. As a consequence, Lippmann believed that the public needed journalists like himself who could serve as expert analysts, guiding “citizens to a deeper understanding of what was important.” In 2018, the United States Department of Labor's Occupational Outlook Handbook reported that employment for the category, "reporters and broadcast news analysts," will decline 9 percent between 2016 and 2026. Journalists sometimes expose themselves to danger when reporting in areas of armed conflict or in states that do not respect the freedom of the press.
Organizations such as the Committee to Protect Journalists and Reporters Without Borders publish reports on press freedom and advocate for journalistic freedom. As of November 2011, the Committee to Protect Journalists reports that 887 journalists have been killed worldwide since 1992 by murder, crossfire or combat, or on dangerous assignment; the "ten deadliest countries" for journalists since 1992 have been Iraq, Russia, Mexico, Pakistan, Somalia and Sri Lanka. The Committee to Protect Journalists reports that as of December 1, 2010, 145 journalists were jailed worldwide for journalistic activities. Current numbers are higher; the ten countries with the largest number of currently-imprisoned journalists are Turkey, Iran, Burma, Vietnam, Cuba and Sudan. Apart from the physical harm, journalists are harmed psychologically; this applies to war reporters, but their editorial offices at home do not know how to deal appropriately with the reporters they expose to danger. Hence, a systematic and sustainable way of psychological support for traumatized journalists is needed.
However, only little and fragmented support programs exist so far. The Newseum in Washington, D. C. is home to the Journalists Memorial, which lists the names of over 2,100 journalists from around the world who were killed in the line of duty. The relationship between a professional journalist and a source can be rather complex, a source can sometimes impact the direction of the article written by the journalist; the article'A Compromised Fourth Estate' uses Herbert Gans' metaphor to capture their relationship. He uses a dance metaphor'The Tango' to illustrate the co-operative nature of their interactions "It takes two to tango". Herbert suggests that the source leads but journalists object to this notion for two reasons: It signals source supremacy in news making, it offends journalists' professional culture, which emphasizes editorial autonomy. This dance metaphor helps showcase consensus within the relationship but the article describe the common relation between the two "A relationship with sources, too cozy is compromising of journalists’ integrity and risks becoming collusive.
Journalists have favored a