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Alfhausen is a village in the collective municipality of Bersenbrück in the district of Osnabrück, Lower Saxony, Germany. Alfhausen is located just under 27 km north of Osnabrück, is in the north-west corner of Germany; the area has a mild maritime climate affected by the moist northwest wind from the North Sea. The average annual temperature in Alfhausen is 8.5° - 9.0 °C and average annual precipitation is around 700 mm. Between May and August there is an average of 20-25 "summer days". Alfhausen was founded in 974; the name Alfhausen comes from the Low German and means "eleven houses". Its exact history is however unknown; the majority of the population is Roman Catholic. However, there are other religious communities in the town. In Early Modern times, the town came under the rule of the Kingdom of Hanover. Quite a number of its inhabitants emigrated to Baltimore and Cincinnati, Ohio & Northern Kentucky in the United States in the 1830s to 1860s. In 1971, the Alfsee lake was created as a flood control storage basin for the River Hase.

As a popular destination for holiday makers and day trippers, the lake has gained great importance in recent years. The retention basin was extended in the 1990s by a second, in order to hold water from a larger catchment area; the newly renovated Church of St John, built in the 13th century, is popular with couples getting married. Its interior dates to the Gothic era, for example the Bentheim font and the Madonna. There are a number of 16th-century buildings in the old village centre

Migrant crisis

Migrant crisis is the intense difficulty, trouble, or danger situation in the receiving state due to the movements of large groups of immigrants escaping from the conditions which negatively affected their situation at the country of origin. The “crisis” situation is not the refugee numbers but the system’s failure to respond in a orderly way in the government’s legal obligations; some notable crisis are. Refugee crisis refer to movements of "large" groups of displaced people which may or may not involve a migrant crisis. USA government’s legal obligations inadvertently created 2014 American immigration crisis. Crisis developed because of unaccompanied children who does not have a legal guardian to provide physical custody and care overwhelmed the "local border patrols" creating a migrant crisis. Push-Pull view: The "refugee crisis" is a humanitarian one for those adopting the "Push" factors as main cause, while they acknowledge that reasons for migration may be mixed the refugees as weapons.

For those focusing on "Pull" factors, the "migration crisis" has its roots in border enforcement policies that were perceived as not sufficiently strict, severe, or careful by potential migrants. Compared to refugee crisis, migrant crises have a separate or distinguish between the “deserving” refugee from the “undeserving” migrant and play into fear of cultural and ethnic difference in the midst of increasing intense and persistent worry and fear about everyday situations and lacking in predictability, job security, material or psychological welfare for many in Europe."Migrant crisis management" involves dealing with issues before and after they have occurred. This is an area which Global Crisis Centre of PricewaterhouseCoopers works by developing outlines on roles and challenges faced by governments and private sector actors in addressing migration crisis through the'push' and'pull' factors that influence migration. According to Global Crisis Centre, migrant crisis management is shaped using the definitions and responsibilities outlined in the UN’s Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and subsequent Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees and international solidarity and burden-sharing with collaboration and information dissemination, which are necessary for solving migratory issues of the world.

Immigrant receiving states need effective management strategies at achieving a set of tasks for responding to the threat to re-establish a perceived normalcy."Transboundary crisis management" involves co-decision, shared procedures and collective instruments in aligened with the steps below: Detection: Recognition of threat. Sense-making: critical information for picture of the situation. Decision-making: formulation of an effective strategy Coordination: collaboration between key partners. Meaning-making: Messaging on the path taken. Communication: message delivery. Accountability: Production of documents that list the decisions and strategies. Management of the crisis shows succession of four scenarios. Libya let the flow of irregular migrants. EU Commission approve "Communication on Global Approach to Migration and Mobility"; the Italy's humanitarian Operation Mare Nostrum. The EU recognize humanitarian and migratory pressures shelves GAMM and develops another comprehensive approach Migrants and refugees: the European Council secure the borders against the unwanted migrants and refugees.

Institution that works in this area is the Migration Policy Institute. Global Crisis Centre of PricewaterhouseCoopers works on migrant crisis management. Broken immigration system is what immigration experts and lawyers refer to as failure in management of "push and pull factors." Push forces for the displaced people are summarized as running from horrors and poverty in the departure country toward a broken immigration system in the receiving states. Pull forces are receiving states having a functioning economy, the safer-faster journey with the help of communication technology and established smuggler networks which has safer-faster ways to move people. For a full description Human migration#Lee; the condition of refugee or asylum seekers in receiving countries, from the perspective of governments and citizens, is a topic of continual debate, on the other end, the violation of migrant human rights is an ongoing crisis. According to Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International, “It is within world leaders’ power to prevent these crises from spiralling further out of control.

Governments must halt their assault on our rights and strengthen the defences the world has put in place to protect them. Human rights are a necessity, not an accessory. Immigration reform is the solution to "Migrant crisis" through implementing procedure or protocols to mana

Ōikari Tsuyoshi

Ōikari Tsuyoshi is a former sumo wrestler from Kyoto, Japan. He made his professional debut in March 1995, reached the top division in November 1998, his highest rank was maegashira 11. He retired in November 2004, as of 2016 he is an elder in the Japan Sumo Association under the name Kabutoyama, he was an amateur sumo wrestler at Doshisha University and upon turning professional in 1995 was given makushita tsukedashi status, allowing him to begin in the third makushita division. He joined Isenoumi stable, where another Doshisha University graduate, had joined the previous year, he was given the shikona of Ōikari. He was promoted to the jūryō division in May 1997, becoming the first sekitori from Kyoto Prefecture since the retirement of Daimonji in July 1973, he was to win two jūryō division championships or yūshō in 1998 and 2001, he first reached the top makuuchi division in November 1998 but was demoted after only one tournament. He had two further stints the top division, a two tournament run in January and March 2000, four tournaments from January until July 2002.

His highest rank was maegashira 11 and he had an overall win/loss record in makuuchi of 45–60. He was demoted back to the makushita division in September 2004 and announced his retirement after the following tournament in November. Ōikari's danpatsu-shiki or official retirement ceremony was held in the ground floor of the Ryōgoku Kokugikan on May 28, 2005 with 230 invited guests including former ōzeki Musōyama. He has remained in sumo as a coach at Isenoumi stable under the elder name of Kabutoyama Oyakata, he has worked as a instructor in the sumo school for new recruits. Ōikari was a pusher/thruster whose favourite techniques were oshi dashi, tsuki otoshi and hiki otoshi. He was married in March 2004, his son Chugo Saito was born in 2006 and has competed in primary school amateur sumo at the Wanpaku Tournament. List of sumo tournament second division champions Glossary of sumo terms List of past sumo wrestlers List of sumo elders Ōikari Tsuyoshi's official biography at the Grand Sumo Homepage

Chalachigu Valley

Chalachigu Valley or Karachukur Valley is the valley in Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County, Kashgar Prefecture, China. It is surrounded by Tajikistan to the north and Pakistan to the south, it borders Taghdumbash Pamir to the east, Gojal to the south, Little Pamir to the north and west. The name of the valley is from Kyrgyz meaning "black cave"; the valley is part of the Taxkorgan Nature Reserve. The protected Marco Polo sheep is only found around this area; the Chalachigu River or Karachukur River flows through the valley and is a tributary of Tashkurgan River. The region is referred by Chinese as the Chinese portion Wakhan Corridor. There is an ethnic Kyrgyz village call Bayik. In March 2017, CCTV-7's Documentary for Military program produced a mini-series covering the numerous border outposts in Chalachigu Valley; the valley was a significant thoroughfare of the Silk Road during ancient times. Around the valley are numerous passes connecting to other countries: Tajikistan - Beyik Pass Afghanistan - Wakhjir Pass, Tegermansu Pass Pakistan - Kilik Pass, Mintaka PassOf the above passes, it is believed that the famous Chinese Buddhist pilgrim Xuanzang traveled through Wakhjir Pass on his return trip back to China around 649 AD.

Some Chinese historians argue that he used Beyik Pass on his way to India. Afghanistan–China border China–Pakistan border China–Tajikistan border

Bogdan Yakimov

Bogdan Petrovich Yakimov is a Russian professional ice hockey centre. He is playing with Severstal Cherepovets in the Kontinental Hockey League, his National Hockey League rights are held by the Edmonton Oilers. Yakimov was selected 32nd overall by HC Neftekhimik Nizhnekamsk in the 2011 KHL Junior Draft, was selected by the Edmonton Oilers in the 3rd round of the 2013 NHL Entry Draft. Leading up to the 2013 NHL Entry Draft, Yakimov was lauded as a top prospect, Ranked 11th in the NHL Central Scouting Bureau's Final 2013 International Skater Rankings. Whilst playing with Reaktor of the MHL, a junior affiliate, of HC Nizhnekamsk Neftekhimik. After his first season in the Kontinental Hockey League with Neftekhimik, Yakimov was signed to a three-year entry level contract with the Edmonton Oilers on 5 August 2014. On July 28, 2016, Yakimov was loaned by the Oilers to return for a third stint with HC Neftekhimik Nizhnekamsk of the KHL for the 2016–17 season. Continuing his loan into the 2017–18 season.

He matched his previous seasons 11 points in 56 games. Unsigned from the Oilers, but his rights retained by the club, Yakimov opted to continue in the KHL with Nizhnekamsk. During the 2018–19 season, while stagnating with Nizhnekamsk in registering just 3 points in 27 games, Yakimov was traded to Avangard Omsk on November 26, 2018, his stay with Avangard was brief, after going scoreless in 5 games, he was again traded, joining his third KHL outfit, Severstal Cherepovets, on December 23, 2018. Biographical information and career statistics from, or, or, or The Internet Hockey Database