Culture of Pittsburgh
The Culture of Pittsburgh stems from the city's long history as a center for cultural philanthropy, as well as its rich ethnic traditions. In the 19th and 20th centuries, wealthy businessmen such as Andrew Carnegie, Henry J. Heinz, Henry Clay Frick, nonprofit organizations such as the Carnegie Foundation donated millions of dollars to create educational and cultural institutions; the Frank Lloyd Wright masterpiece Fallingwater is about an hour's drive from Downtown Pittsburgh. The North Shore has an 1895 neogothic church, Calvary Methodist, with an interior designed by Louis Comfort Tiffany; the church's stained glass windows are some of the largest and most elaborate work Tiffany created. The Church of the Immaculate Heart of Mary in Pittsburgh, an opulently decorated edifice with elaborate Old World flourishes is one of the finest examples of the so-called Polish Cathedral style, dominating the skyline over Polish Hill; the Allegheny County Courthouse, designed by H. H. Richardson, is a influential building.
At 42 stories, the University of Pittsburgh's Cathedral of Learning is the second tallest collegiate building in the world. The tallest skyscraper in Pittsburgh is the triangular U. S. Steel Tower. Both Heinz Field and PNC Park are designed to give fans a view of the city skyline; the David L. Lawrence Convention Center, located on the south bank of the Allegheny River, is becoming some of the most sought after convention space in the country, as it is able to accommodate all sizes of conventions and conferences. Certified with a Gold rating by the U. S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design initiative, the building is considered the first "green" convention center and world's largest "green" building; the region has hosted over 1,000 film and television works since the first production filmed in the city in 1898. Since 1990 the Pittsburgh Film Office has marketed the greater southwestern Pennsylvania region as a great location for movie and commercial productions.
The PFO has assisted more than 102 feature films and television productions to southwestern Pennsylvania to generate an economic impact of more than $575 million for the region. Pittsburgh Filmmakers teaches media arts and runs three "arthouse" movie theaters and since 1981 the Three Rivers Film Festival has brought national attention to local talent and artists of the region; the Pittsburgh Playhouse at Point Park University has four resident theatre companies. Other theater companies include Bald Theatre Company, barebones productions, Bricolage Production Company, City Theatre, Jewish Theatre of Pittsburgh, Quantum Theatre, Phase 3 Productions, Prime Stage Theatre, Pittsburgh Public Theater, Attack Theater, Unseam'd Shakespeare Company, Terra Nova Theatre Group, Cup-A-Jo Productions, Hiawatha Project, 12 Peers Theater, Organic Theater Pittsburgh, Three Rivers Theatre Company, Carrnivale Theatrics, Theatre Sans Serif, The Summer Company, Throughline Theatre Company, No Name Players, Pittsburgh Musical Theater, Caravan Theatre of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Civic Light Opera, Pittsburgh Playwrights Theatre Company, Stage Right, Pittsburgh Irish and Classical Theatre.
The Pittsburgh New Works Festival utilizes local theatre companies to stage productions of original one-act plays by playwrights from all parts of the country. Future Ten showcases new ten-minute plays. Saint Vincent Summer Theatre, Off the Wall Productions, Mountain Playhouse, Stage Right! in nearby Latrobe, Carnegie and Greensburg employ Pittsburgh actors and contribute to the culture of the region. August Wilson, one of the best known playwrights of his generation, was a Pittsburgh native; the majority of his plays are set in the city as well including the two that he won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama for. Friday Nite Improvs, an improv show at the University of Pittsburgh's Cathedral of Learning, is Pittsburgh's longest-running theatre show, it has produced a number of professional actors. Since 1991 the Gene Kelly Awards have honored students in drama in the region, giving a platform to some who have gone on to both theater and film careers. Traditional Pittsburgh foods reflect the city's multicultural heritage that of the European immigrants of the early 20th century.
While these immigrant populations introduced dishes such as pierogis to the city, they are now enjoyed by Pittsburghers in general. Other Pittsburgh food specialties were developed in the city. In general, these dishes are still popular because for many years, they satisfied the hearty appetite of the archetypal Pittsburgher: the hard-working, blue-collar steelworker. Cabbage rolls –– Beef, rice, green pepper, wrapped in cabbage and baked with sauerkraut and tomato soup or juice. Chipped Ham – thinly-sliced processed ham, from Isaly's since 1933. City Chicken – cubes of pork and/or veal baked or fried on a wooden skewer. Clark Bar – chocolate candy bar. Essie's Original Hot Dog shop - an Oakland staple since 1960. Halušky – noodles with fried cabbage, or cottage cheese. Iron City Beer – native brew. Italian sausage – with grilled peppers and onions. Kielbasa – eastern European sausages. Pierogi – Polish dish, pasta dough filled with potato and cheese, onion or sauerkraut. Primanti Brothers – sandwich with fries and coleslaw in it.
Sarris Candies - chocolates and ice cream originating in Canonsburg Teutonia Männerchor - Deutschtown German food. Wholey's – Founded in 1912 in Pittsburgh's market square and now located on Penn Ave.
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was the first common carrier railroad and the oldest railroad in the United States, with its first section opening in 1830. It came into being because the city of Baltimore wanted to compete with the newly constructed Erie Canal and another canal being proposed by Pennsylvania, which would have connected Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. At first this railroad was located in the state of Maryland, with an original line built from the port of Baltimore west to Sandy Hook. At this point to continue westward, it had to cross into Virginia over the Potomac River, adjacent to the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers. From there it passed through Virginia from Harpers Ferry to a point just west of the junction of Patterson Creek and the North Branch Potomac River, where it crossed back into Maryland to reach Cumberland. From there it was extended to the Ohio River at Wheeling and a few years also to Parkersburg, West Virginia, it continued to construct lines into Ohio, including a junction at Portsmouth.
In years, B&O advertising carried the motto: "Linking 13 Great States with the Nation." As part of a series of mergers, the B&O is now part of the CSX Transportation network. The B&O included the Leiper Railroad, the first permanent horse-drawn railroad in the U. S. At the end of 1970, the B&O operated 5,552 miles of road and 10,449 miles of track, not including the Staten Island Rapid Transit or the Reading and its subsidiaries, it includes the oldest operational railroad bridge in the United States. When CSX established the B&O Railroad Museum as a separate entity from the corporation, it donated some of the former B&O Mount Clare Shops in Baltimore, including the Mt. Clare roundhouse, to the museum, while selling the rest of the property; the B&O Warehouse at the Camden Yards rail junction in Baltimore now dominates the view over the right-field wall at the Baltimore Orioles' current home, Oriole Park at Camden Yards. Part of the B&O Railroad's immortality has come from being one of the four featured railroads on the U.
S. version of the board game Monopoly. It is the only railroad on the board that did not directly serve New Jersey; the fast-growing port city of Baltimore, Maryland faced economic stagnation unless it opened routes to the western states, as New York had done with the Erie Canal in 1820. On February 27, 1827, twenty-five merchants and bankers studied the best means of restoring "that portion of the Western trade, diverted from it by the introduction of steam navigation." Their answer was to build a railroad—one of the first commercial lines in the world. Their plans worked well, despite many political problems from canal backers and those associated with other railroads; the railroad grew from a capital base of $3 million in 1827 to a large enterprise generating $2.7 million of annual profit on its 380 miles of track in 1854, with 19 million passenger miles. The railroad fed tens of millions of dollars of shipments to and from Baltimore and its growing hinterland to the west, thus making the city the commercial and financial capital of the region south of Philadelphia.
Two men — Philip E. Thomas and George Brown — were the pioneers of the railroad, they spent the year 1826 investigating railway enterprises in England, which were at that time being tested in a comprehensive fashion as commercial ventures. Their investigation completed, they held an organizational meeting on February 12, 1827, including about twenty-five citizens, most of whom were Baltimore merchants or bankers. Chapter 123 of the 1826 Session Laws of Maryland, passed February 28, 1827, the Commonwealth of Virginia on March 8, 1827, chartered the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road Company, with the task of building a railroad from the port of Baltimore west to a suitable point on the Ohio River; the railroad, formally incorporated April 24, was intended to provide a faster route for Midwestern goods to reach the East Coast than the hugely successful but slow Erie Canal across upstate New York. Thomas was elected as Brown the treasurer; the capital of the proposed company was fixed at five million dollars, but the B&O was capitalized in 1827 with a three million dollar issue of stock.
Every citizen of Baltimore owned a share, as the offering was oversubscribed. Construction began on July 4, 1828, when Charles Carroll of Carrollton performed the groundbreaking by laying the cornerstone; the initial tracks were built with granite stringers topped by strap iron rails. The first section, from Baltimore west to Ellicott's Mills, opened on May 24, 1830. A horse pulled the first cars 26 miles and back, since the B&O did not decide to use steam power for several years. Railroad men in South Carolina had earlier commissioned a steam locomotive from a New York foundry, while the B&O was still experimenting with horse power and sails; the B&O's first locomotive, the "Tom Thumb", was made in America and would pull passenger and freight cars at 18 miles per hour. Developers decided to follow the Patapsco River to a point near Parr's Ridge, where the railroad would cross a height of land and descend into the valley of the Monocacy and Potomac rivers. Further extensions opened to Frederick on December 1, 1831.
The connection to the Winchester and Potomac Railroad at Harpers Ferry opened in 1837 the line to Martinsburg in May 1842.
Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh
The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh is the public library system in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Its main branch is located in the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh, it has 19 branch locations throughout the city. Like hundreds of other Carnegie libraries, the construction of the main library, which opened in 1895, several neighborhood branches, was funded by industrialist Andrew Carnegie; the Pittsburgh area holds the distinction of housing the first branches in the United States. The Pittsburgh Photographic Library is a photography repository held by the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh of over 50,000 prints and negatives relating to history of Pittsburgh; the City of Pittsburgh was home to eight Carnegie libraries constructed at the turn of the 20th century. In 1881, Andrew Carnegie offered a US$250,000 grant to the city for the construction of a public library on the condition that the city provided the land and annual funding for the maintenance of the property; the city declined Carnegie's initial offer out of concern that a publicly funded library was not a state-sanctioned use of public tax funds.
With the passing of several years and the state legislature's endorsement of the project, the city reconsidered the offer and reached out to Carnegie in the interest of accepting his grant. In 1890, the City of Pittsburgh accepted an expanded grant of $1 million for the building of the main library in Oakland and five branches in the neighborhoods of Lawrenceville, West End, Wylie Avenue, Mount Washington, Hazelwood. While the initial plan only called for those five branches, the Pittsburgh would go on to receive another three Carnegie libraries in the East Liberty, South Side, Homewood neighborhoods. Construction on the main library was finished in 1895 while the branch libraries were constructed over the following fifteen years, ending with the completion of the Homewood branch in 1910. Six of the original Carnegie library branch locations continue to serve as public libraries in their respective neighborhoods: Lawrenceville, West End, Mount Washington, South Side, Homewood; the East Liberty branch was demolished in the 1960s as part of a redevelopment plan, the Wylie Avenue branch was moved to a new location in 1982.
Allegheny Beechview Brookline Carrick Downtown and Business East Liberty Hazelwood Hill District Homewood Knoxville Lawrenceville Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped Main Mt. Washington Sheraden South Side Squirrel Hill West End Woods Run For decades the CLPgh has partnered with suburban area branches, in 2014 talks were started seeking innovative ways to combine some services; the Our Library, Our Future voter initiative was a campaign spearheaded by the library and community supporters to increase funding for the library by raising local property taxes. The voter initiative would raise the millage rate in the city of Pittsburgh by a quarter of a mill. On November 4, 2011, city voters voted in favor of the referendum by a 72% majority; the increase in taxes gives the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh an additional three million dollars a year. In 2018, it was reported that nearly 320 rare books, maps and other items were stolen from the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh's main branch in Oakland, which houses the system's rare book collection.
The items, which included a 1787 document signed by Thomas Jefferson, are valued at more than $8 million. In July 2018, a former library archivist and a Pittsburgh-area bookseller were charged with the thefts, which took place over a period of two decades, it is one of the largest rare-book theft cases in history. According to the criminal complaints detailing alleged scheme, the archivist said that he "often removed items from the Oliver Room at the library's main branch in Oakland by carrying individual plates maps in manila folders, or for books or larger items, by brazenly rolling them up and walking out." The archivist is alleged to have turned the rare items over to the bookseller, who would sell them through his store. Allegheny Regional Asset District Pennsylvania Library Association Toker, Franklin. Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5434-6. Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh Works by Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh at Internet Archive
Western Pennsylvania English
Western Pennsylvania English, known more narrowly as Pittsburgh English or popularly as Pittsburghese, is a dialect of American English native to the western half of Pennsylvania, centered on the city of Pittsburgh, but appearing as far north as Erie County, as far east as Sunbury, Pennsylvania, as far west as metropolitan Youngstown, as far south as micropolitan Clarksburg. Associated with the white working class of Pittsburgh, users of the dialect are colloquially known as "Yinzers". Scots-Irish, Pennsylvania German, Polish and Croatian immigrants to the area all provided certain loanwords to the dialect. Although many of the sounds and words found in this dialect are popularly thought to be unique to the city of Pittsburgh only, this is a misconception, since the dialect resides throughout the greater part of western Pennsylvania and surrounding areas. Central Pennsylvania an intersection of several dialect regions, was identified in 1949 by Hans Kurath as a sub-region between western and eastern Pennsylvania, though some scholars have more identified it within the western Pennsylvania dialect region.
Since the time of Kurath's study, one of western Pennsylvania's defining features, the cot–caught merger, has expanded into central Pennsylvania, moving eastward until being blocked at Harrisburg. The only feature whose distribution is restricted exclusively to the immediate vicinity of Pittsburgh is monophthongization, in which words such as house, found, or sauerkraut are sometimes pronounced with an "ah" sound instead of the more standard pronunciation of "ow", rendering eye spellings such as hahs, dahn and sahrkraht. Speakers of Pittsburgh English are sometimes called "Yinzers", in reference to their use of the 2nd-person plural pronoun "yinz." The word "yinzer" is sometimes heard as pejorative, indicating a lack of sophistication, although the term is now used in a variety of ways. Older men are more to use the accent than women, "...possibly because of a stronger interest in displaying local identity...." A defining feature of Western Pennsylvania English is the cot–caught merger, in which and merges to a rounded vowel:.
Therefore and caught are both pronounced. While the merger of these low back vowels is widespread elsewhere in the United States, the rounded realizations of the merged vowel around is less common, except in Canada and Northeastern New England; the sound as in oh begins more fronted in the mouth, as in the Southern U. S. or Southern England. Therefore, go is pronounced. /uː/ as in food and rude is fronted, diphthongized, as in much of the American South and West. The diphthong, as in ow, is monophthongized to in some environments, including before nasal consonants, liquid consonants and obstruents; this monophthongization does not occur, however, in word-final positions, where the diphthong remains. This is one of the few features, if not the only one, restricted exclusively to western Pennsylvania in North America, although it can sometimes be found in other accents of the English-speaking world, such as Cockney and South African English; this sound may be the result of contact from Slavic languages during the early twentieth century.
Monopthongization occurs for the sound, as in eye, before liquid consonants, so that tile is pronounced. Due to this phenomenon, tire may merge with the sound of tar:. An epenthetic sound may occur after vowels in a small number of words, such as in water pronounced like warter, wash like warsh. A number of vowel mergers occur uniquely in Western Pennsylvania English before the consonant; the pair of vowels and may each merge before the consonant, cause both steel and still to be pronounced as something like. And may merge before /l/, so that pool and pole may merge to something like. On the /iːl/~/ɪl/ merger, Labov and Boberg note "the stereotype of merger of /il ~ iyl/ is based only on a close approximation of some forms, does not represent the underlying norms of the dialect"; the /iː/~/ɪ/ merger is found in western Pennsylvania, as well as parts of the southern United States, including Alabama and the west. On the other hand, the /u/~/ʊ/ merger is found only in western Pennsylvania; the /iː/~/ɪ/ merger towards may appear before.
The vowel /ʌ/ before, may lower into the vowel of the cot–caught merger mentioned above, so that mull can sound identical to mall/maul:. L-vocalization is common in the Western Pennsylvania dialect, in which an sounds like a /w/, or a cross between a vowel and a "dark" /l/, when at the end of a syllable. An example is; this phenomenon is common in African-American English. Western Pennsylvania English speakers may use falling intonation at the end of questions, for example, in "Are you painting your garage?". Such speakers use falling pitch for yes/no questions for which they are quite sure of the answer. So, a speaker uttering the above example is confirming what they think they know, that yes, the person they're talking to is painting his/h
The Duquesne Club is a private social club in Pittsburgh, founded in 1873. The Duquesne Club was founded in 1873, its first president was John H. Ricketson; the club's present home, a Romanesque structure designed by Longfellow, Alden & Harlow on Sixth Avenue in downtown Pittsburgh, was opened in 1890. The building achieved landmark status from the Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation in 1976, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1995; the Club voted to admit women for the first time in its history in 1980. A health-and-fitness center was added in 1994, the Club was ranked as #1 City Club in America in 1997, an honor that would be repeated in 2001, 2003, 2006. In 2009, the Duquesne Club was ranked as the second best city club in the nation, behind the Union League Club of Philadelphia. Among notable guest to the club are U. S. Presidents Ulysses S. Grant, Herbert Hoover, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton as well as Colin Powell, Polish leader Edward Gierek, Jungle James, Tars Cornish, Prince of Wales and Former Pakistan Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.
As of 2007, membership at the Duquesne Club consisted of women. Though the Club does not discriminate in its selection of members, membership is by invitation from an existing member only. List of American gentlemen's clubs Economic Club of Pittsburgh Allegheny HYP Club Greater Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce The Duquesne Club WTAE-TV feature on the Club kitchen on YouTube 1981 news feature
Downtown Pittsburgh, colloquially referred to as the Golden Triangle, the Central Business District, is the urban downtown center of Pittsburgh. It is located at the confluence of the Allegheny River and the Monongahela River whose joining forms the Ohio River; the "triangle" is bounded by the two rivers. The area features offices for major corporations such as PNC Bank, U. S. Steel, PPG, Bank of New York Mellon, Federated Investors and Alcoa, it is where the fortunes of such industrial barons as Andrew Carnegie, Henry Clay Frick, Henry J. Heinz, Andrew Mellon and George Westinghouse were made, it contains the site where Fort Duquesne, once stood. In 2013, Pittsburgh had the second-lowest vacancy rate for Class A space among downtowns in the United States; the Central Business District is bounded by the Monongahela River to the south, the Allegheny River to the north, I-579 to the east. An expanded definition of Downtown may include the adjacent neighborhoods of Uptown/The Bluff, the Strip District, the North Shore, the South Shore.
Downtown is served by the Port Authority's light rail subway system, an extensive bus network, two inclines. The Downtown portion of the subway has the following stations: T Stations Station Square on the South Shore in the Station Square development First Avenue near First Avenue & Ross Street, Downtown Steel Plaza at Sixth Avenue & Grant Street, Downtown Penn Plaza near Liberty Avenue & Grant Street, Downtown Wood Street at the triangular intersection of Wood Street, Sixth Avenue, Liberty Avenue, Downtown Gateway Center at Liberty Avenue & Stanwix Street, Downtown North Side near General Robinson Street & Tony Dorsett Drive on the North Shore Allegheny near Allegheny Avenue & Reedsdale Street on the North Shore Downtown is home to the Pittsburgh Amtrak train station connecting Pittsburgh with New York City and Washington, D. C. to the east and Cleveland and Chicago to the west. Greyhound's Pittsburgh bus terminal is located across Liberty Avenue from the Amtrak Station, in the Grant Street Transportation Center building.
Major roadways serving Downtown from the suburbs include the "Parkway East" from Monroeville, the "Parkway West" from the airport area, the "Parkway North" from the North Hills, in Downtown Pittsburgh. Other important roadways are Pennsylvania Route 28, Pennsylvania Route 51, Pennsylvania Route 65, U. S. Route 19. Three major entrances to the city are via tunnels: the Fort Pitt Tunnel and Squirrel Hill Tunnel on I-376 and the Liberty Tunnels; the New York Times once called Pittsburgh "the only city with an entrance," referring to the view of Downtown that explodes upon drivers upon exiting the Fort Pitt Tunnel. Traveling I-279 south and I-376, the city "explodes into view" when coming around a turn in the highway. Downtown surface streets are based on two distinct grid systems that parallel the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers; these two grids intersect along Liberty Avenue. Furthermore, the Allegheny grid contains numbered streets, while the Monongahela grid contains numbered avenues. And, in fact, there are cases where these numbered creating some confusion.
This unusual grid pattern leads to Pittsburghers giving directions in the terms of landmarks, rather than turn-by-turn directions. Pittsburgh is nicknamed "The City of Bridges". In Downtown, there are 10 bridges connecting to points south; the expanded definition of Downtown includes 18 bridges. Citywide there are 446 bridges. In Allegheny County the number exceeds 2,200. Downtown Bridges Fort Pitt Bridge carries I-376 between Downtown and the Fort Pitt Tunnel Fort Duquesne Bridge carries I-279 between Downtown and the North Shore Smithfield Street Bridge carries Smithfield Street between Downtown and the South Shore Panhandle Bridge carries the city's light rail transit system between Downtown and the South Shore Liberty Bridge connects the Liberty Tunnel to I-579 Downtown Roberto Clemente Bridge connects 6th Street Downtown to Federal Street on the North Shore at PNC Park Andy Warhol Bridge connects 7th Street Downtown to Sandusky Street on the North Shore at the Andy Warhol Museum Rachel Carson Bridge connects 9th Street Downtown to Anderson Street on the North Shore Fort Wayne Railroad Bridge carries freight and Amtrak trains from Downtown to the North Shore Veterans Bridge carries I-579 from Downtown to the North Side Bridges of Expanded Downtown West End Bridge carries US Route 19 from the West End/South Shore to the North Shore/North Side just west of Downtown 16th Street Bridge carries 16th Street from the Strip District to Chestnut Street on the North Side West Penn Bridge is part of the Three Rivers Heritage Trail connecting the North Side to Washington's Landing on Herr's Island 30th Street Bridge connects River Avenue on the North Side with Waterfront Drive on Washington's Landing at Herr's Island 31st Street Bridge connects PA Route 28 on the North Side with 31st Street in the Strip District 33rd Street Railroad Bridge connects the North Side to the Strip District and crosses Herr's Island South 10th Street Bridge connects the Armstrong Tunnel at Second Avenue just east of Downtown with the South Side at South 10th Street Birmingham Br
Media in Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh is home to the first commercial radio station in the United States, KDKA 1020AM. Until 2016 Pittsburgh was one of the few mid-sized metropolitan areas in the U. S. with two major daily papers. In 2016, the Tribune-Review moved to an all-digital format. In 2018, the Post-Gazette moved to publishing five print editions a week; the alternative papers in the region include the Pittsburgh City Paper. The Pitt News, a financially independent student-written and -managed newspaper of the University of Pittsburgh, is closing in on its 100th year of publication; the University of Pittsburgh School of Law hosts JURIST, the world's only university-based legal news service. Outdoor advertising in the area is handled by Lamar Outdoor, who controls a majority of large posters and billboards and bus shelters and shopping centers in the area. Major newspapers: Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Pittsburgh Tribune-Review Alternative newspapers: Pittsburgh City Paper Pittsburgh Current Speciality newspapers: The Bulletin The Front Weekly The Jewish Chronicle of Pittsburgh Northside Chronicle Pittsburgh Business Times Pittsburgh Catholic Pittsburgh Courier South Pittsburgh Reporter Zajedničar Academic newspapers: The Duquesne Duke The Pitt News The Tartan University Times Online newspapers: The Incline Jekko NEXTPittsburgh North Pittsburgh Daily News Pittsburgh Tribune-Review Pittsburgh Press Variety: Equal Magazine Jenesis Magazine Pittsburgh Magazine Pittsburgh Quarterly WHIRL Magazine Academic: Hot Metal Bridge Journal of Law and Commerce Pittsburgh Journal of Environmental and Public Health Law Pittsburgh Journal of Technology Law & Policy Pittsburgh Tax Review Three Rivers Review University of Pittsburgh Law Review The Pittsburgh TV market is ranked as the 23rd largest in the United States by Nielsen.
It has gained distinction as one of the most competitive. The market is served by: Pittsburgh radio has long been dominated by KDKA 1020 AM. However, as of early 2006 the station is no longer No. 1 in the ratings. KQV 1410 AM, now an all-news outlet, was Pittsburgh's dominant Top 40 station throughout the 1960s. On the FM dial, album-rock WDVE, modern rock WXDX, adult contemporary WBZZ, pop and hip-hop WKST-FM and Pittsburgh Sports Talk on KDKA-FM FM talk radio is available in the Pittsburgh market at WPGB. Pittsburgh is home to three public radio stations: WESA, the local NPR station; the Radio Information Service, broadcasting on a subcarrier of WESA provides special programming for the blind and print impaired. Additionally, Pittsburgh hosts the non-commercial radio stations WRCT and WPTS. In 2010, Nielsen will continue to rank Pittsburgh as the 23rd largest television Designated Market Area in the country, with 1,154,950 households; that is a drop from Nielsen's 2009 estimate of 1,156,460. Despite the decline in households, Pittsburgh still has 22,090 more households than the next closest television DMA, Charlotte, NC.
In 2004 Pittsburgh was the 24th largest DMA in the U. S. as ranked by population, with a population of 2,881,200. Pittsburgh's DMA covers a land area of 10,083 square miles in three states. Other definitions of the "Pittsburgh region" extend into Ohio border counties with some sources including several Ohio counties and as far south & west as the Kentucky border and north into the extreme southwest of New York State; the Pittsburgh DMA includes the following counties: Pennsylvania counties: West Virginia counties: Monongalia PrestonMaryland counties: Garrett Pittsburgh, PA on American Radio Map