Melvin Kranzberg was an American historian, professor of history at Case Western Reserve University from 1952 until 1971. He was a Callaway professor of the history of technology at Georgia Tech from 1972 to 1988. Born in St. Louis, Kranzberg graduated from Amherst College, received a master's and a PhD from Harvard University and served in the Army in Europe during World War II, he received a Bronze Star for interrogating captured German prisoners and learning the location of Nazi gun emplacements. He was one of two interrogators out of nine in Patton's army who were not killed during the conflict. Kranzberg is known for his laws of technology, the first of which states "Technology is neither good nor bad. Kranzberg served as president of the society from 1983 to 1984, edited the society's journal from 1959 to 1981, when he turned it over to Robert C. Post of the Smithsonian Institution; the society awards a yearly $4000 fellowship named after Kranzberg to doctoral students engaged in the preparation of dissertations on the history of technology.
The award is available to students all over the world. In 1967 Kranzberg was awarded the Leonardo da Vinci Medal by the Society for the History of Technology. Howard P. Segal wrote an informative semi-biographical tribute to Kranzberg in the Virginia Quarterly Review. There are two biographical articles by Robert C. Post in Technology and Culture: "Back at the Start: History and Technology and Culture," T&C 51: 961–94 "Chance and Contingency: Putting Mel Kranzberg in Context," T&C 50: 839–72. Kranzberg helped. Melvin Kranzberg's six laws of technology state: Technology is neither good nor bad. Invention is the mother of necessity Technology comes in packages and small. Although technology might be a prime element in many public issues, nontechnical factors take precedence in technology-policy decisions. All history is relevant. Technology is a human activity – and so is the history of technology. Society for the History of Technology Records, 1956–1998 Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
General Charles Edward Saul Jennings, sometimes romanticised as Brave Kilmaine, was an Irish soldier and revolutionary who served France in the eighteenth century. He was committed to the cause of Irish independence and an active supporter of the French Revolution. Jennings is known to have been an associate of Theobald Wolfe Tone and served as a brigade and division commander under Napoleon I. Jennings served in the American War of Independence and the French Revolutionary Wars, he played a minor role in the Irish independence movement. Jennings was known for his personal reserve and as one of the most charismatic Irish generals of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic period. Though he was not ennobled, he is sometimes referred to as de Kilmaine and Baron de Kilmaine in reference to the Jennings' ancestral home in Kilmaine, County Mayo. Jennings was born on 19 October 1751 at Saul's Court, Temple Bar, Ireland, his father, Dr. Theobald Jennings, of Polaniran, County Galway was a prominent physician who married a cousin, Eleanor Saul, daughter of Laurence Saul, a wealthy Dublin distiller.
In 1738, Dr. Jennings and Eleanor settled in Tonnay-Charente in south-west France. In 1751, when Eleanor became pregnant, she left France for Dublin in order that her child might be born in Ireland. Jennings spent his early boyhood in Saul's Court with his relatives; when he was 11 years old, he joined his father in France. Jennings was educated in Tonnay-Charente and became proficient in French. Jennings began his military career in 1764 at the age of 14. After seven years' service as a junior officer in Austria, he entered the French army in 1774. In September, 1778 Kilmaine was appointed adjutant of the Volontaires-étrangers de Lauzun, a mercenary unit owned and commanded by the Duc de Lauzun, Armand Louis de Gontaut, he served with this unit in Senegal in 1779 and in America under Rochambeau, remained after it was reorganized as a hussar regiment. In 1780, Jennings was appointed sous-lieutenant of Lauzun's Legion, he served under the Marquis de Lafayette during the American Revolutionary War.
He was affected by his experiences in America. This, combined with the impressions made upon him during his youth in Ireland and the teachings of his father, caused Jennings to imbibe the revolutionary ideals of the era, he developed strong republican principles and upon his return to France he became an energetic supporter of the French Revolution. In 1786, he was awarded the title lieutenant in command, took control of the regiment of Hussars of Duc de Lauzun. Two years he attained the rank of captain. A growing military reputation brought him further promotion to chef d'escadron. On 21 March 1791, seven months shy of his 40th birthday, he honorably retired from the army, was given the title of Baron and took the civic oath, sworn by all persons as a pre-condition for French citizenship; this was important leading up to and during the French revolution among foreigners and nobility. For a year he pursued family life and philanthropic interests. In 1792, by personal invitation of Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, Jennings rejoined the French Army when war broke out between France and monarchic Europe.
Reinstated as a chef d'escadron, Jennings served in the French Revolutionary Wars. He was a Corps Commander under Charles François Lafayette, he performed with great valor at the Battle of Valmy in September 1792, when a unit of hussars under his command saved a whole French division from annihilation. In November 1792 at the Battle of Jemappes, he fought with remarkable bravery; when that battle seemed lost and the Duke of Chartres turned apparent defeat into victory. On the field he was raised to the rank of Chief Colonel, from that day was afterwards known as "le brillant et courageux Kilmaine". Kilmaine continued to serve with the Army of the North, proved to be one of its ablest officers. Following the victory at Jemappes, the Army of the North comprised 48 infantry battalions and 3,200 cavalrymen. By December, 1792, thanks to the neglect of the Revolutionary Government, these troops were shirtless, starving and in rags. Fifteen hundred men deserted. Kilmaine's cavalry were critically short of boots, saddles and horses.
Nearly 6,000 troop and baggage horses died at Tongres for want of forage. Honourable testimony has been given to the unceasing efforts of Kilmaine to preserve order among his soldiers amid these horrors, he endeavoured by private contribution to provide subsistence for his men, who roved about in bands, robbing the villages around their cantonments at Aix-la-Chapelle. Many of Kilmaine's soldiers were murdered by vengeful peasants when found straggling alone away from their billets. Kilmaine was named general of brigade on 8 March 1793. After the defection and flight of Dumouriez in April 1793, Kilmaine adhered to the National Convention, was rewarded with a promotion to general of division on 15 May 1793, he now redoubled his energies to restore order in the army, which by the defection of its leader was disbanded. Auguste Marie Henri Picot de Dampierre took command, he was so ably seconded by Kilmaine, that within one month after he assumed command discipline was restored. Kilmaine commanded Dampierre's advance-guard in the campaign against the allied powers after the failure of the Congress of Antwerp on 8 April 1793.
Dispatches testified to Kilmaine's gallantry during the "murderous affairs of the 1st and 2nd May" in which, according to the official report, he had two chargers kill
Cannonball is a 1976 American comedy film directed by Paul Bartel and starring David Carradine. The film is one of two released in 1976 that were based on a real illegal cross-continent road race that took place for a number of years in the United States; the same topic became the basis for the films The Cannonball Run, Cannonball Run II and Speed Zone. The film was written and directed by Paul Bartel, who directed Death Race 2000; the name of the film and the plot were inspired by Erwin G. "Cannon Ball" Baker, who traveled across the United States several times, by the Cannonball Baker Sea-To-Shining-Sea Memorial Trophy Dash, an illegal cross-continent road race introduced by Brock Yates to protest against the 55 MPH speed limit. The Trans-America Grand Prix is an illegal race held every year between Los Angeles and New York City. Released from jail, where he was serving a sentence for killing a girl while driving drunk, racing driver Coy "Cannonball" Buckman hopes to win the race and get his career back on track.
Racing team Modern Motors have promised a contract to either him or his arch-rival Cade Redman, in the race – the contract will go to whichever of them wins. Coy is still on probation and when his parole officer, Linda Maxwell, with whom he is having an elaborate affair, discovers he will be crossing state lines in violation of his parole, she attempts to stop him, only to have him force her to accompany him on the race. Redman has company in the form of country singer Perman Waters and his manager Sharma Capri who have agreed to pay Redman's race expenses in return for his taking them with him to New York in his Dodge Charger. Other competitors include teenage surfer sweethearts Jim Crandell and Maryann driving Maryann's father's Chevrolet Corvette, middle-aged Terry McMillan in a Chevrolet Blazer, three sexy waitresses, Sandy and Wendy in a souped-up van, arrogant German driver Wolfe Messer in a De Tomaso Pantera, preppy African-American Beutell in a Lincoln Continental. Unbeknown to Coy, his brother Bennie has bet on the race and plans to use underhand methods to ensure Coy wins.
As the race degenerates into a violent demolition derby, Messer is blown up by Bennie, while McMillan attempts to cheat by having his Blazer flown from LAX to New York's LaGuardia Airport where he waits out the race with his mistress Louisa. Beutell's borrowed Lincoln gets progressively more damaged as the race goes on, while Jim and Maryann face engine trouble with a broken fan belt; the rivalry between Coy and the unstable Redman gets out of control as the two fight and attempt to force each other off the road, with Coy crashing his Trans Am after Redman breaks the headlights. Switching to a 1969 Ford Mustang he borrows from some local hot-rodders, Coy has a last showdown with Redman, who has kicked Perman and Sharma out of his car after arguing with them. A piece of Perman's guitar, which Redman smashed in a rage after getting sick of Perman's singing and on-the-road radio broadcasts, gets lodged behind the car pedals, causing Redman to lose control and crash over the side of an unfinished bridge.
He dies. Bennie meanwhile, has sent a gunman to kill the driver of the "other" red Trans Am as it is beating Coy, he is unaware that the driver is Zippo or that Linda is now riding with him, as Coy thought it safer for her to do so since Redman was after him. While with Zippo, she has found out that it was Zippo, driving the car in which the girl was killed, not Coy. Coy took the blame. Bennie's gunman shoots Zippo dead and the Trans Am crashes and explodes. Linda is badly injured. Jim and Maryann pick up the comatose Linda, taking her to hospital. Behind them, the presence of the wrecked Trans Am on the freeway causes a multiple-car pileup. Terry McMillan and Louisa arrive first at the finish line, but Louisa lets slip that the Blazer was flown there and he is disqualified; the girls in the van and Coy are neck-and-neck as they cross into New York City (with Coy driving over the George Washington Bridge and the girls taking the Lincoln Tunnel until Sandy attempts to take a shortcut when the girls get lost and are stuck in traffic and the van crashes.
Coy arrives at the finish line and is about to stamp his timecard, making him the official winner, when he is told about Zippo and Linda's accident and realizes Bennie caused it. He tears up his timecard so it can't be stamped and gives the pieces to Bennie, taken away by gangster Lester Marks to whom he owes all the money he bet on Coy to be killed. Assured of his racing contract, Coy is taken to the hospital to be reunited with Linda by the team manager. Having decided to finish the race in spite of believing they cannot win having lost so much time and Maryann are the next to arrive at the finish line, they are overjoyed to be told they are the winners of the $100,000 first place prize. At the hospital and Linda enjoy their reunion, while Beutell delivers the Lincoln – now wrecked – to its horrified owners in front of a hotel in the city; the cameos by Martin Scorsese and Sylvester Stallone are uncredited, while Roge
Sacramento Executive Airport is a public airport three miles south of downtown Sacramento, in Sacramento County, California. The airport has three runways and a helipad; when it opened in 1930 Executive Airport was known as Sutterville Aerodrome. As the city-owned facility expanded, in 1941 construction was underway to pave and extend the airport's three runways; the U. S. Army Air Corps took over the airport during World War II; the Airfield was used by the Army Air Forces Western Flying Training Command. Training was first as Chico Army Airfield auxiliary field. On April 7, 1945 train switched to heavy bomber with the 404th and 405th Army Air Force; the US many many improvements to the airfield. After the war the Sacramento Army Air Field returned to it owner the City of Sacramento and was renamed the Sacramento Municipal Airport In the late 1940s and early 1950s, more improvements were made to parking and taxiway paving and sewer systems, runway/taxiway lighting; the terminal building was built in 1955 along with some navigational aids and T-hangars.</ref>In October of 1967 most airlines moved to the new Sacramento International Airport and the Sacramento Municipal Airport was renamed Sacramento Executive Airport.
A United DC-3 started flying nonstop to Los Angeles in 1946, but nonstops from SAC never reached north beyond Medford or east beyond Nevada. Jets appeared in 1964. In the airport's last summer of airline operations, the August 1967 Official Airline Guide lists 22 weekday nonstops to San Francisco, 11 to Los Angeles, 7 to Reno, 2 to Medford, 2 to Marysville, one each to Lake Tahoe, Klamath Falls and Oakland. Pacific Air Lines flights to the north continued to Chico, Eureka/Arcata, Crescent City and Portland. Pacific Air Lines flight 771 flew Reno-Lake Tahoe-Sacramento-San Francisco-San Jose-Fresno-Bakersfield-Burbank-Los Angeles-San Diego. United Airlines flight 224 was a Boeing 727-100 San Francisco-Sacramento-Reno-Denver-Chicago-New York La Guardia. Aircraft included Martin 4-0-4s and Fairchild F-27s, Lockheed L-188 Electras, Boeing 727-100s and Boeing 720Bs. In October 1967 the airlines moved to the new Sacramento Metropolitan Airport and Sacramento Municipal Airport was renamed Sacramento Executive Airport.
The County of Sacramento became the operator of both airports. Executive Airport is self-supporting, receiving county, or tax money. All operating expenses are paid by users. On September 24, 1972, a former military Canadair Sabre Mk. 5 jet in civilian ownership with US registration N275X was set to perform an air display at the Golden West Sport Aviation Show. Due to pilot error, the airplane failed to become airborne, went off the end of the runway, across a road and crashed into Farrell's Ice Cream Parlour; the explosion killed 22, twelve of those children, injured 28 more people. The tragedy prompted closure of that runway, stricter regulations at the airport, the opening of the Sacramento Firefighter's Burn Institute; the Crossroads shopping center that housed the ice cream parlor was closed and rebuilt in 2002 as the Sacramento Public Safety Center, the main center for the Sacramento Fire Department and Sacramento Police Department. A memorial was constructed at the crash site and dedicated in March 2003.
In addition to an FAA tower, the airport has three paved runways and has tie-downs and hangar rentals. In 2004, aircraft operations averaged 370 per day. Over 20 businesses are located at Executive: air charters. 10 minutes from downtown Sacramento, Executive is close to tourist attractions such as Old Sacramento, the State Capitol, Cal Expo State Fairgrounds, Golden 1 Center. The airport is near major shopping areas. Executive has two lighted runways: Runway 2/20 measures 5,503 ft x 150 ft. A Medium Intensity Approach Light System with Runway Alignment Indicator Lights is installed on Runway 2, while REIL and PAPI are on Runway 20 and Runway 12/30. Runway 16/34 was closed since September 2017 and marked permanently closed as of February 13, 2019; the FAA contract control tower operates 06:00–21:00. Fuel is available from trucks or 24-hour self-serve credit card pumps, plenty of tie-down and transient parking is available, the first six hours being free. Automobile parking in front of the terminal is plentiful, free for the first 72 hours.
Amenities at Sacramento Executive Airport include: Pilot's Lounge SACjet terminal with available meeting rooms Executive Airport terminal with available meeting rooms Disabled access and services throughout the facilities Restaurant in the terminal building Self-serve 100 LL Avgas, Jet A, tie-downs, hangar space, FBO and line services Contract control tower 6 a.m. to 9 p.m. daily Free, short-term auto parkingRestaurants Serving breakfast and dinner, Aviators overlooks the airfield and can hold up to 190 people. They are available for banquet use and other events. California World War II Army Airfields Chico Army Airfield auxiliary fields This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. Executive Airport (official Sacramento County Airport System site
Bertie Richard Milliner was an Australian trade unionist and Senator, representing the Australian Labor Party. He would have been a minor figure in Australia’s political history but for the events that followed his sudden death; those circumstances contributed to the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis, which culminated in the dismissal of the Prime Minister, Gough Whitlam, by the Governor-General, Sir John Kerr. Milliner was born at Brisbane, he attended the local state school, served an apprenticeship as a compositor at the Queensland Government Printing Office and became a linotype-operator. On 26 March 1938 he married a schoolteacher, he joined the Queensland Printing Employees' Union and was elected in 1934 to the board of management. A delegate to the Trades and Labor Council of Queensland, he was a member of the executive and treasurer; as trade-union adviser on the Australian delegations, he travelled to Geneva to attend the thirty-seventh and forty-eighth sessions of the International Labour Conference.
Milliner represented Small Unions and his own union on the Queensland central executive of the ALP. An active and influential State party manager, he chaired the rules committee, held office as vice-president for a term, was president in 1963–68. At the meeting called in April 1957 to consider the situation of the Labor Premier of Queensland, Vince Gair, he moved that there be further negotiations before the premier's expulsion from the ALP was discussed. Milliner was a competent chairman who tried to achieve unity, to broaden the party's electoral base, to encourage the involvement of women and the young, his leadership proved decisive in winning party support in Queensland for Gough Whitlam in his confrontation with the ALP's federal executive in February 1966. In 1962 Milliner had unsuccessfully sought party nomination as one of two candidates to be considered by the Legislative Assembly of Queensland for a casual vacancy in the Senate. At the 1967 election he won a seat in the Senate, his term began on 1 July 1968.
He sat on ten parliamentary committees and in 1974 was appointed temporary Chairman of Committees in the Senate. Bert Milliner died of a heart attack on 30 June 1975 in his Brisbane office; the question of his replacement arose. Since 1946 it had been a unbroken convention that when a casual vacancy arose through the resignation or death of a senator mid-term, the relevant state parliament would replace the senator with a nominee chosen by the departed senator's political party; the ALP provided one name to Queensland Premier Joh Bjelke-Petersen—that of Mal Colston. Bjelke-Petersen asked for a list of three names, he chose as Milliner’s replacement Albert Field, a member of the Labor Party but was critical of the Whitlam government. The Queensland Legislative Assembly duly appointed Field to the vacancy; the ALP expelled Field from the party because he accepted an appointment contrary to its wishes. The ALP challenged his appointment in the High Court because he was still technically employed by the Queensland Public Service at the time of his acceptance of the appointment.
He had without giving the required two weeks' notice. Field was on leave from the Senate for all but a few days of his term; the Opposition coalition chose not to provide a pair. The numbers in the Senate were weighted against Labor; that was one of the factors that enabled the Senate to block the Whitlam government’s Supply bills, which in turn led to the government's dismissal. Milliner's son Glen was a member of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland from 1977 to 1998. Cross, Manfred. "Milliner, Bertie Richard". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 30 August 2008
Is It Wrong to Try to Pick Up Girls in a Dungeon? known as DanMachi for short, with English subtitle Familia Myth, is a Japanese light novel series written by Fujino Ōmori and illustrated by Suzuhito Yasuda. SB Creative has published fifteen volumes since January 2013 under their GA Bunko imprint, it has received two manga adaptations as well as an anime television adaptation by J. C. Staff, which aired from April 4 to June 27, 2015. An OVA was released on December 7, 2016. A second anime season and an original anime film adaptation were both announced in February 2018; the film, titled Is It Wrong to Try to Pick Up Girls in a Dungeon?: Arrow of the Orion premiered in February 15, 2019. The second season aired from July 13 to September 28, 2019. A third anime season and an OVA episode were both announced on September 27, 2019; the third season will air in July 2020. Additionally, a spin-off light novel series titled Is It Wrong to Try to Pick Up Girls in a Dungeon? On the Side: Sword Oratoria began in January 2014, another spin-off light novel series titled Is It Wrong to Try to Pick Up Girls in a Dungeon?: Familia Chronicle began in March 2017.
Both spinoffs have received manga adaptations, a television anime adaptation of Sword Oratoria aired from April 14 to June 30, 2017. The story takes place in the fictional city of Orario to when gods all came down seeking excitement, limiting their divine powers to perceive and experience the hardships that thrives on the lower world. Offering mortals to fight monsters assorted in an underground labyrinth known as Dungeon. Adventurers visit the dungeon to defeat monsters and take their crystal shards, which are used to craft magic items, among other treasures; the people of Orario join groups called Familia, who serve a range of functions from dungeon crawling to crafting items. Each Familia serves a resident deity. In a fashion similar to role playing games, the adventurers are grouped into levels, increasing their levels and abilities according to their achievements; the story follows the exploits of Bell Cranel, a 14-year-old solo adventurer under the goddess Hestia. As the only member of the Hestia Familia, he works hard every day in the dungeon to make ends meet while seeking to improve himself.
He looks up to Aiz Wallenstein, a famous and powerful swordswoman who once saved his life, with whom he fell in love. He is unaware that several other girls and mortals alike develop affections towards him. Fujino Ōmori wrote the story under the title Familia Myth as his entry for the 4th GA Bunko Award, where he won the Great Prize and received an offer for publication; the first light novel volume was published on January 15, 2013, by SB Creative under their GA Bunko imprint. As of June 14, 2019, fifteen volumes have been published; the series has estimated sales of over 1,500,000 copies. Yen Press has licensed the series in North America and released the first volume under the Yen On imprint in December 2014; the light novel ranked at No. 4 in 2014 in Takarajimasha's annual light novel guide book Kono Light Novel ga Sugoi!. The series has been adapted into three manga series; the one based on the novels is illustrated by Kunieda and started serialization in Square Enix's seinen manga magazine Young Gangan from August 2, 2013.
It has been collected in ten tankōbon volumes. Yen Press announced at their New York Comic Con 2014 panel the rights to publish the manga in North America; the Episode Lyu manga series is a special story focused on character Lyu Lion from the main series. A four-panel manga series titled Dungeon ni Deai o Motomeru no wa Machigatteiru Darō ka 4-koma: Kamisama no Nichijō by Masaya Takamura began serialization in Square Enix's online manga magazine Gangan Online from August 14, 2014. An anime television series adaptation by J. C. Staff began airing the broadcast night of April 3, 2015; the opening theme is "Hey World" by Yuka Iguchi, the ending theme is "Right Light Rise" by Kanon Wakeshima. Crunchyroll has streamed the series internationally. Sentai Filmworks has licensed the anime for digital and home video release in North America with an English dub released in March 2017. An original video animation was released on December 7, 2016; the opening theme for the second season is "HELLO to DREAM" by Iguchi, the ending theme is "Sayakana Shukusai" by sora tob sakana.
A second season of the anime and an original film adaptation titled Is It Wrong to Try to Pick Up Girls in a Dungeon?: Arrow of the Orion were announced on February 18, 2018, during the GA Bunko 2018 Happyō Stage at Wonder Festival. The film was directed by Katsushi Sakurabi, written by Fujino Ōmori, with animation by J. C. Staff and music by Keiji Inai; the film was released on February 2019 in Japan. The second season aired from July 13 to September 28, 2019. Hideki Tachibana replaced Yoshiki Yamakawa as the director of the second season; the rest of the cast and staff reprised their roles. Hidive will be streaming a Dubcast for the second season. A third season of the anime series and an OVA episode were both announced on September 27, 2019; the third season is scheduled to start broadcasting in July 2020. The OVA episode was released on January 29, 2020. 5pb. announced that they are developing a "dungeon action RPG" based on the light novels. It will be released on PlayStation 4, PlayStation Vita, Nintendo Switch, Microsoft Windows