Parliament of India
The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body of the Republic of India. It is a bicameral legislature composed of the President of India and the two houses: the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha; the President in his role as head of legislature has full powers to summon and prorogue either house of Parliament or to dissolve Lok Sabha. The president can exercise these powers only upon the advice of the Prime Minister and his Union Council of Ministers; those elected or nominated to either house of Parliament are referred to as Members of Parliament. The Members of Parliament, Lok Sabha are directly elected by the Indian public voting in Single-member districts and the Members of Parliament, Rajya Sabha are elected by the members of all State Legislative Assembly by proportional representation; the Parliament has a sanctioned strength of 545 in Lok Sabha including the 2 nominees from the Anglo-Indian Community by the President, 245 in Rajya Sabha including the 12 nominees from the expertise of different fields of science, culture and history.
The Parliament meets at Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi. The Sansad Bhavan is located in New Delhi, it was designed by Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker, who were responsible for planning and construction of New Delhi by British government. The construction of buildings took six years and the opening ceremony was performed on 18 January 1927 by the Viceroy and Governor-General of India, Irwin; the construction costs for the building were ₹8.3 million. The parliament covers an area of 6 acres; the Central hall consists of the chambers of Rajya Sabha and the Library hall. Surrounding these three chambers is the four storied circular structure providing accommodations for members and houses Parliamentary committees and the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs; the centre and the focus of the building is the Central Hall. It consists of chambers of the Lok Sabha, the Rajya Sabha and the Library Hall and between them lie garden courts. Surrounding these three chambers is the four storyed circular structure providing accommodations for Ministers, Parliamentary committees, Party offices, important offices of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha Secretariats and the offices of the ministry of Parliamentary affairs.
The Central Hall is circular in shape and the dome is 29.87 metres in diameter. It is a place of historical importance; the Indian Constitution was framed in the Central Hall. The Central Hall was used in the library of erstwhile Central Legislative Assembly and the Council of States. In 1946, it was refurbished into Constituent Assembly Hall. At present, the Central Hall is used for holding joint sittings of both the houses of parliament and used for address by the President in the commencement of first session after each general election. A new Parliament building may replace the existing complex; the new building is being considered on account of the stability concerns regarding the current complex. A committee to suggest alternatives to the current building has been set up by the Former Speaker, Meira Kumar; the present building, an 85-year-old structure suffers from inadequacy of space to house members and their staff and is thought to suffer from structural issues. The building needs to be protected because of its heritage tag.
The Indian Parliament consists of two houses called the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha with the President of India acting as their head. The President of India, the Head of state is a component of Parliament. Under Article 60 and Article 111, President's responsibility is to scrutinise that bills/laws passed by the parliament are in accordance with constitutional mandate and stipulated procedure is followed before according his/her approval to the bills; the President of India is elected by the elected members of Parliament of India and the state legislatures and serves for a term of 5 years. Lok Sabha or the lower house has 545 members. 543 members are directly elected by citizens of India on the basis of universal adult franchise representing Parliamentary constituencies across the country and 2 members are appointed by the President of India from the Anglo-Indian Community. Every citizen of India, over 18 years of age, irrespective of gender, religion or race, otherwise not disqualified, is eligible to vote for the Lok Sabha.
The Constitution provides. It has a term of five years. To be eligible for membership in the Lok Sabha, a person must be a citizen of India and must be 25 years of age or older, mentally sound, should not be bankrupt and should not be criminally convicted; the total elective membership is distributed among the States in such a way that the ratio between the number of seats allotted to each State and the population of the State is, so far as practicable, the same for all States. Rajya Sabha or the upper house is a permanent body not subject to dissolution. One third of the members retire every second year, are replaced by newly elected members; each member is elected for a term of six years. Its members are indirectly elected by members of legislative bodies of the states; the Rajya Sabha can have a maximum of 250 members. It has a sanctioned strength of 245 members, of which 233 are elected from States and Union Territories and 12 are nominated by the President; the number of members from a state depends on its population.
The minimum age for a person to become a member of Rajya Sabha is 30 years. The period during which the House meets to conduct its business is called a session; the Constitution empowers the president to summon each House at such i
Defence Secretary (India)
The Defence Secretary is the administrative head of the Ministry of Defence. This post is held by a senior Indian Administrative Service of the rank of secretary to the Government of India; the current Defence Secretary is Sanjay Mitra. As a secretary to the Government of India, the Defence Secretary ranks 23rd on Indian order of precedence. Defence Secretary is the administrative head of the Ministry of Defence, is the principal adviser to the Minister of Defence on all matters of policy and administration within the Ministry of Defence; the role of Defence Secretary is as follows: To act as the administrative head of the Department of Defence. The responsibility in this regard is undivided. To act as the chief adviser to the Defence Minister on all aspects of policy and administrative affairs. To represent the Ministry of Defence before the Public Accounts Committee of the Parliament of India; the Defence Secretary is responsible for coordinating the activities of the other departments in the Ministry of Defence.
To act as the first among equals among the secretaries in the Ministry of Defence. The Defence Secretary is eligible for a diplomatic passport; the official earmarked residence of the Defence Secretary is 9, New Moti Bagh, New Delhi, a Type-VIII bungalow. The salary and emolument in this rank is equivalent to chief secretaries of state governments and to Vice Chief of the Army Staff/commanders and officers in the rank of full general and its equivalents in the Indian Armed Forces. Cabinet Secretary of India Home Secretary Foreign Secretary Chief Secretary
Indian Civil Accounts Service
The Indian Civil Accounts Service is one of the Civil Services of India. ICAS functions under the Department of Expenditure in the Union Ministry of Finance; the service was created consequent to the Departmentalisation in 1976 with the purpose of separating Auditing and Accounting functions of the Union Government. The initial intake into the ICAS was by deputing and transferring the personnel from Indian Audit and Accounts Department. Since 1977, direct recruits to ICAS are selected from the Civil Services Examination conducted by Union Public Service Commission, through which recruitment to all other Central Civil Services is made. Indian Civil Accounts Organisation performs a key role in delivery of financial management services for the Government of India; the organisation provides payment services, supports the tax collection system, performs government wide accounting, financial reporting functions, preparation of budget estimates and carries out Internal Audit in civil ministries of the Union Government.
Controller General of Accounts in Ministry of Finance heads the organisation and is responsible for administering this system. The vast expertise available with the ICAS is utilised by the government at various levels of decision making as well as by International Monetary Fund in a number of countries for advising on financial management and accounting functions; this service has sanctioned cadre strength of 226 officers who are supported by around 9000 employees professionally qualified in government accounting system. Officers of ICAS are trained in three stages. For the first 6 months, they are trained at National Institute of Financial Management, Faridabad along with officers of Indian Defence Accounts Services, Indian Postal-Telecom Accounts and Finance Services. During NIFM training, they are taken abroad for a foreign country exposure. In 2011, it was Manchester and in 2012, Malaysia and Singapore and in 2013 & 2014, University of California,Riverside, USA. From 2015 batch onwards, the officer trainees are going for foreign attachment with Seneca college, Canada.
After NIFM, training office of CGA attaches ICAS officers to the Institute of Government Accounts and Finance. In their third stage of training, ICAS officers are sent for On-The-Job-Training from INGAF. Founded in 1992, INGAF is defined by its excellence in the field of public policy, finance and management, its programs attract professionals from not only the Central Government, but the state governments and union territories, public sector undertakings and autonomous bodies and banks. Its main campus is located in the heart of the national capital - Delhi, adjacent to the premier Jawaharlal Nehru University. INGAF has four regional training centres at Mumbai, Kolkata and Aizawl, equipped with multi-media lecture theatres and computing and information technology services, its faculty is drawn from a committed team of experienced professionals, blending leading edge practices with rigorous academic analysis. It has fostered partnerships with institutes of eminence for joint initiatives at curriculum development, academic research and training.
Professional Programs INGAF conducts more than 300 intensive professional programs every year aimed at senior and middle level of management in the Civil Accounts organization and other interested central organizations, autonomous bodies, banking institutions, state governments and union territories. It conducts training at the induction and entry level, together with professional skill up-gradation at the middle and senior management levels covering about 5000 participants every year. International Programs INGAF conducts regular customized programs on different aspects of Information Technology, Internal Audit, Public Financial Management for countries in the SAARC region, it has been proactive in addressing the training needs of the member countries of the Association of Government Accounts Organisations of Asia through exchange of ideas, conducting of study programs blending best practices with a strategic understanding of the issues involved in managing change. INGAF conducts programs for member-countries of the Indian Technical & Economic Cooperation and Special Commonwealth Assistance for Africa consortium.
Its current global footprint extends to well over a 100 countries in the East European, Middle Eastern, Latin American, Asian regions. Indian Civil Accounts Organisation is headed by Controller General of Accounts in the Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance. CGA as the central accounting and reporting agency for Government of India and is assisted by officers of Indian Civil Accounts Service; as per the Departmentalised accounting arrangements in government, operational responsibility for accounting and internal audit function in civil ministries is with the ICAS officers. These units are headed by the Principal Chief Controller of Accounts, Chief Controller of Accounts or a Controller of Accounts in the respective ministries. Under the overall supervision of CGA, they assist the Secretary of the Ministry, the chief accounting authority in the ministry; the Pr. CCAs / CCAs / CAs discharge their duties and responsibilities through the Principal Accounts Office at Ministry's headquarters and Pay and Accounts Offices at the field formation level.
There are 358 PAOs located at 87 stations across the country. The cadre management of Group'A' officers of the Indian Civil Accounts Service vests with the Controller General of Accounts, it covers the entire gamut of personnel management of ICAS officers including their recruitment, promotions, both within the countr
Indian Administrative Service
The Indian Administrative Service abbreviated to I. A. S. or IAS, is the administrative arm of the All India Services. Considered the premier civil service of India, the IAS is one of the three arms of the All India Services along with the Indian Police Service and the Indian Forest Service. Members of these three services serve the Government of India as well as the individual states. IAS officers may be deployed to various public sector undertakings; as with other countries following the Westminster parliamentary system of government, the IAS is a part of the permanent bureaucracy of the nation, is an inseparable part of the executive of the Government of India. As such, the bureaucracy remains politically neutral and guarantees administrative continuity to the ruling party or coalition. Upon confirmation of service, an IAS officer serves a probationary period as a sub-divisional magistrate. Completion of this probation is followed by an executive administrative role in a district as a district magistrate and collector which lasts several years, as long as sixteen years in some states.
After this tenure, an officer may be promoted to head a whole state division, as a divisional commissioner. On attaining the higher scales of the pay matrix, IAS officers may lead government departments or ministries. In these roles, IAS officers represent the country at the international level in bilateral and multilateral negotiations. If serving on a deputation, they may be employed in intergovernmental organisations such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Asian Development Bank, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, or the United Nations, or its agencies. IAS officers are involved in the conduct of elections in India as mandated by the Election Commission of India. During the occupation of India by the East India Company, the civil services were classified into three – covenanted and special civil services; the covenanted civil service, or the East India Company's Civil Service, as it was called comprised British civil servants occupying the senior posts in the government.
The uncovenanted civil service was introduced to facilitate the entry of Indians onto the lower rung of the administration. The special service comprised specialised departments, such as the Indian Forest Service, the Imperial Police and the Indian Political Service, whose ranks were drawn from either the covenanted civil service or the British Indian Army; the Imperial Police included many British Indian Army officers among its members, although after 1893 an annual exam was used to select its officers. In 1858 the HEICCS was replaced by the Indian Civil Service, which became the highest civil service in the British Raj between 1858 and 1947; the last British appointments to the ICS were made in 1942. With the passing of the Government of India Act 1919 by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the Indian civil services—under the general oversight of the Secretary of State for India—were split into two arms, the All India Services and the Central Services; the Indian Civil Service was one of the ten All India Services.
In 1946 at the Premier's Conference, the Central Cabinet decided to form the Indian Administrative Service, based on the Indian Civil Service. There is no alternative to this administrative system... The Union will go, you will not have a united India if you do not have good All-India Service which has the independence to speak out its mind, which has sense of security that you will standby your work... If you do not adopt this course do not follow the present Constitution. Substitute something else... these people are the instrument. Remove them and I see nothing but a picture of chaos all over the country; when India was partitioned following the departure of the British in 1947, the Indian Civil Service was divided between the new dominions of India and Pakistan. The Indian remnant of the ICS was named the Indian Administrative Service, while the Pakistani remnant was named the Pakistan Administrative Service; the modern Indian Administrative Service was created under Article 312 in part XIV of the Constitution of India, the All India Services Act, 1951.
There are three modes of recruitment into the Indian Administrative Service. IAS officers may enter the IAS by passing the Civil Services Examination, conducted by the Union Public Service Commission. Officers recruited; some IAS officers are recruited from the state civil services, and, in rare cases, selected from non-state civil service. The ratio between direct recruits and promotees is fixed at 2:1. All IAS officers, regardless of the mode of entry, are appointed by the President of India. Only about 180 candidates out of over 1 million applicants, who apply through the Civil Services Examination, are successful, a success rate of less than 0.01 per cent. As a result, the members of the service are referred as "heaven-born". Unlike candidates appointed to other civil services, a successful IAS candidate is rendered ineligible to re-enter the Civil Services Examination. From 1951 to 1979, an IAS candidate was required to submit two additional papers, as well as three optional papers to be eligible for the Indian Administrative Service or the Indian Foreign Service.
The two additional papers were postgraduate level submissions, compared to the graduate level of the optional papers, it was this distinction that resulted in a higher status for the IAS and IFS. The two postgraduate level submissions were removed, but this has not changed the perceived higher status of the IAS and IFS. After the selection process, the su
Fundamental rights in India
Fundamental rights, the basic and civil liberties of the people, are protected under the charter of rights contained in Part III of the Constitution of India.. Fundamental rights apply universally to all citizens, irrespective of race, place of birth, caste or gender; the Indian Penal Code and other laws prescribe punishments for the violation of these rights, subject to discretion of the judiciary. Though the rights conferred by the constitution other than fundamental rights are valid rights protected by the judiciary, in case of fundamental rights violations, the Supreme Court of India can be approached directly for ultimate justice per Article 32; the six fundamental rights recognised by the Indian constitution are the: Right to equality Right to freedom Right against exploitation Right to freedom of religion Cultural and Educational Right, Right to constitutional remedies1. The right to equality includes equality before law, prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, caste, gender or place of birth, equality of opportunity in matters of employment, abolition of untouchability and abolition of titles.
2. Cultural and Educational Rights are given to the Citizens of India to conserve their cultural practices and that they must have access to education. 3. The right to freedom includes freedom of speech and expression, association or union or cooperatives, movement and right to practice any profession or occupation. 4. The right against exploitation prohibits all forms of forced labour, child labour and trafficking of human beings. 5. The right to freedom of religion includes freedom of conscience and free profession and propagation of religion, freedom to manage religious affairs, freedom from certain taxes and freedom from religious instructions in certain educational institutes. Cultural and educational rights preserve the right of any section of citizens to conserve their culture, language or script, right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice. 6. The right to constitutional remedies is present for enforcement of Fundamental Rights; the right to privacy is an intrinsic part of Article 21 that protects life and liberty of the citizens.
Fundamental rights for Indians have been aimed at overturning the inequalities of pre-independence social practices. They have been used to abolish untouchability and thus prohibit discrimination on the grounds of religion, caste, sex, or place of birth, they forbid trafficking of human beings and forced labour. They protect cultural and educational rights of religious and linguistic minorities by allowing them to preserve their languages and establish and administer their own education institutions, they are covered in Part III of Indian constitution. Some features of Indian Constitution: 1, it provides safeguard. 2. It provides safeguard against discrimination. 3. It says "all persons are equal before law." 4. It provides fundamental rights; the development of such constitutionally guaranteed fundamental human rights in India was inspired by historical examples such as England's Bill of Rights, the United States Bill of Rights and France's Declaration of the Rights of Man. In 1919, the Rowlatt Act gave extensive powers to the British government and police, allowed indefinite arrest and detention of individuals, warrant-less searches and seizures, restrictions on public gatherings, intensive censorship of media and publications.
The public opposition to this act led to mass campaigns of non-violent civil disobedience throughout the country demanding guaranteed civil freedoms, limitations on government power. Indians, who were seeking independence and their own government, were influenced by the independence of Ireland and the development of the Irish constitution; the directive principles of state policy in Irish constitution were looked upon by the people of India as an inspiration for the independent India's government to comprehensively tackle complex social and economic challenges across a vast, diverse nation and population. In 1928, the Nehru Commission composing of representatives of Indian political parties proposed constitutional reforms for India that apart from calling for dominion status for India and elections under universal suffrage, would guarantee rights deemed fundamental, representation for religious and ethnic minorities, limit the powers of the government. In 1931, the Indian National Congress adopted resolutions committing itself to the defence of fundamental civil rights, as well as socio-economic rights such as the minimum wage and the abolition of untouchability and serfdom.
Committing themselves to socialism in 1936, the Congress leaders took examples from the Constitution of the Soviet Union, which inspired the fundamental duties of citizens as a means of collective patriotic responsibility for national interests and challenges. Task of developing a constitution for the nation was undertaken by the Constituent Assembly of India, composing of elected representatives; the Constituent Assembly first met on 9 December 1946 under the presidency of Dr. Sachidanand Dr. Rajendra Prasad was made its president. While members of Congress composed of a large majority, Congress leaders appointed persons from diverse political backgrounds to responsibilities of developing the constitution and national laws. Notably, Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar became the chairperson of the drafting committee, while Jawaharlal Neh
Indian Railway Traffic Service
The Indian Railway Traffic Service, abbreviated as IRTS is a Group'A' Central Civil Service cadre of the Government of India. IRTS in its present form was reconstituted in 1967; the IRTS Cadre functions under the Administrative Control of the Ministry of Railways, Government of India. The officers of this service are responsible for administering Railway Transport in the country. On one hand, IRTS officers co-ordinate among various technical departments of the Indian Railways, while on the other hand, they form the public interface of the Indian Railways. Colloquially called Traffic Officers, they are the primary facilitators of Railway services right from Planning of freight movement, Passenger transport, Passenger amenities to Station Management and Infrastructure Planning. Traffic Department is responsible for optimum utilization of Railway assets and their seamless integration to provide a swift and safe transportation service and consequent realization of revenues in-line with the social obligations of the Indian Railways.
Traffic Department comprises two branches: Operations CommercialOfficers may be shifted from one branch to another based on organisational requirements throughout their career. With the growing network and increasing traffic, the British Govt. Recognized the need for a separate Traffic Department for handling train operations; the Traffic Service was created in the year in 1889, further strengthened in 1906. Earlier, an exclusive service reserved for English officers, admission into the cadre was thrown open to all post-Independence. Known as "Officers of the Superior Revenue Establishment of the Traffic and Commercial Department of Indian Railways", the service, on 4 March 1967 was rechristened "Indian Railway Traffic Service". On the occasion of IRTS day, March 2018, esteemed Member Traffic, Shri. Mohammad Jamshed, the head of the cadre unveiled a new, redesigned version of the IRTS logo conceptualized and created by the 2015 batch of IRTS Officer Trainees; the redesigned logo prominently features the following components Regal Ashok Stambh in gold Constellation of 17 stars to represent the seventeen zones of the Indian Railways, Pair of hands holding up the Chakra signifying moving the nation towards prosperity and development.
A logo to represent the legacy of IRTS while highlighting its role in nation building in the times to come. There are two modes of recruitment to IRTS Group ‘A’: 50% through direct recruitment through the annual Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC. 50% through promotion from Group B officers of Operating and Commercial departments of the Zonal Railways. Current cadre strength of IRTS officers is around 900, serving in 68 divisions across 17 Zonal Railways in India and the Railway Board After selection, the IRTS probationers undergo Foundation training at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, along with trainees of other Civil Services. IRTS probationers report to their Centralized Training Institute - Indian Railways Institute for Transportation Management, Lucknow for joining formalities and induction into the cadre as Officer Trainees or Probationary Officers; this is followed by visit to a host of academies and institutions, over a period of next 78 weeks, to give wide-ranging exposure to Officer trainees which would be useful in their career as Railway Officers.
Some of these institutions include - Operations and Commercial Training at Indian Railways Institute for Transport Management, Lucknow Railway Foundation Course at National Academy of Indian Railway, Vadodara. Operations Training at Zonal Railway Training Institute, Udaipur Marketing Management and Transport Economics at Indian Institute of Management Operations Research at Indian Institute of Technology Tourism and Hospitality management Training at Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation Vigilance and Anti-Corruption Training at Central Bureau of Investigation Academy, Ghaziabad Accounts Training at Centralised Training Academy for Railway Accounts, Secundarabad Secretariat Training at Institute for Institute of Secretariat Training and Management, New Delhi Ethical Governance Training at Initiatives of Change, Panchgani Accounts Training at National Academy Of Audit and Accounts, Shimla Metro Rail Training at Delhi Metro Rail Corporation, New Delhi Military Logistics Training at Sena Bhavan, New Delhi Appreciation program at Indian Military Academy, Dehradun Container Logistics Training at Inland Container Depot, Tughlaqabad Signals and Tele-communications Training at Indian Railways Institute of Signal Engineering and Telecommunications, Secundarabad P-Way and Contract Management Training at Indian Railway Institute of Civil Engineering, Pune Locomotive, Rolling Stock and Workshop Management Training at Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Jamalpur Electric Traction and Railway Electrification Management Training at Indian Railway Institute of Electrical Engineering, Nashik Infrastructure Security Management Training at Jagjivan Ram Railway Protection Force Academy, Lucknow Railway Information Infrastructure Management Training at Centre for Railway information systems, New Delhi Parliamentary Procedures Training at Bureau of Parliamentary Studies and Training, New Delhi Divisional attachments at 68 divisions spread across the length and breadth of the country Industrial Field visits - Coal India, Aditya Birla Cements, TATA, Bhilai Steel Plant Port Attachments - Paradip, Vishakhapatnam, JNPT, Krishnapatnam, Ennore etc.
Appreciation Visits to various Railway establishments situated in difficult terrains - Konkan Railways, K-K Li
Speaker of the Lok Sabha
The Speaker of the Lok Sabha is the presiding officer of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. The speaker is elected in the first meeting of the Lok Sabha following general elections. Serving for a term of five years, the speaker chosen from sitting members of the Lok Sabha, is by convention a member of the ruling party or alliance; the current speaker is Sumitra Mahajan of the Bharatiya Janata Party, who presides over the 16th Lok Sabha. She is the second woman to hold the office, after her immediate predecessor Meira Kumar. Newly elected Member of Parliament from Lok Sabha elects, it is desired Speaker should be someone who understands Lok Sabha functions and it is someone accepted among the ruling and opposition parties. MP’s propose a name to Pro-term speaker; these names are notified to President of India. President through their aid Secretary General notifies the election date. If only name is proposed, Speaker is elected without any formal vote. However, if more than 1 nominations are received.
A division is called. MPs vote for their candidate on such date notified by President. Successful candidate is elected as Speaker of the Lok Sabha until next general election; the Speaker of the Lok Sabha conducts the business in house. They maintain discipline and decorum in the house and can punish a member for their unruly behaviour by suspending them, they permit the moving of various kinds of motions and resolutions such as a motion of no confidence, motion of adjournment, motion of censure and calling attention notice as per the rules. The speaker decides on the agenda to be taken up for discussion during the meeting; the date of election of the speaker is fixed by the president. Further, all comments and speeches made by members of the House are addressed to the speaker; the speaker presides over the joint sitting of both houses of the Parliament of India. The counterpart of the speaker in the Rajya Sabha is its chairperson. On the order of precedence, the Speaker of Lok Sabha ranks sixth, along with the Chief Justice of India.
The speaker is answerable to the house. Both the speaker and deputy speaker may be removed by a resolution passed by the majority of the members. Speaker can be removed by the Lok Sabha by a resolution passed by an effective majority of the house as per Articles 94 and 96. Speaker is removed on getting disqualified for being Lok Sabha member under sections 7 and 8 of Representation of the People Act, 1951; this would arise out of speaker's wrong certification of a bill as money bill inconsistent with the definition given in Articles 110 of the constitution. When courts uphold the unconstitutional act of the speaker for wrong certification of a bill as money bill, it amounts to disrespecting the constitution deserving conviction under Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971, applicable for disqualification of speaker's Lok Sabha membership under section 8K of Representation of the People Act, 1951; however the omissions in the procedure committed by the speaker in the Lok Sabha can not be challenged in court of law per Article 122 After a general election and the formation of a new government, a list of senior Lok Sabha members prepared by the Legislative Section is submitted to the Minister of Parliamentary Affairs, who selects a pro tem speaker.
The appointment has to be approved by the president. The first meeting after the election when the speaker and the deputy speaker are selected by members of the Parliament is held under the pro tem Speaker. In absence of the speaker, the deputy speaker acts as speaker and in the absence of both a committee of six members selected by the speaker will act as speaker according to their seniority. Eligibility criteria to become the Speaker of the Lok Sabha is: He or she must be a citizen of India. Parliament of India President of India Vice-President of India Official website