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Mendeltna, Alaska

Mendeltna is a census-designated place in Valdez-Cordova Census Area, United States. The population was 39 at the 2010 census, down from 63 in 2000. Mendeltna is located at 62°3′35″N 146°26′20″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 457.1 square miles, of which, 447.6 square miles of it is land and 9.4 square miles of it is water. Mendeltna first reported on the 1990 U. S. Census as a census-designated place; as of the census of 2000, there were 63 people, 23 households, 14 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 0.1 people per square mile. There were 33 housing units at an average density of 0.1/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 7.94 % Native American. There were 23 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.8% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.53. In the CDP, the age distribution of the population shows 33.3% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.0 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $30,000, the median income for a family was $28,750. Males had a median income of $22,083 versus $8,750 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $11,289. There were no families and none of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 64

Der Einsiedler

Der Einsiedler Op. 144a, is a composition for baritone soloist, five-part choir and orchestra by Max Reger, written in 1915. The German text is a poem by Joseph von Eichendorff, beginning "Komm' Trost der Welt, du stille Nacht"; the composition was published in 1916 after Reger's death by N. Simrock, combined with the Hebbel Requiem, as Zwei Gesänge für gemischten Chor mit Orchester, Op. 144. Reger composed the work in Jena, he dedicated it to the Bach-Verein Heidelberg and its founder and conductor Philipp Wolfrum, writing "dem hochverehrlichen'Bach-Verein Heidelberg' und seinem ausgezeichneten Dirigenten Herrn Geheimrat, Generalmusikdirektor, Professor Dr. Philipp Wolfrum". Reger sent two works to Der Einsiedler and Hebbel Requiem, he wrote to Simrock on 8 September: "I've finished two choral works. I think I can safely say that they're both among the most beautiful things I've written." The two works were as Zwei Gesänge für gemischten Chor mit Orchester, Op. 144. Reger himself had edited the piano version.

The Hebbel Requiem was first performed in Heidelberg on 16 July 1916, after the composer's death, as part of a memorial concert for Reger, with Rolf Ligniez, the choirs Bachverein and Akademischer Gesangverein, the enlarged Städtisches Orchester, conducted by Philipp Wolfrum. The German text is poem in three stanzas of six lines each by Joseph von Eichendorff; the poem was first published in 1837 in the anthology Deutscher Musenalmanach. The first stanza is based on the "Lied des Einsiedlers" from Grimmelshausens's Der Abentheuerliche Simplizissimus Teutsch. A solitary person, forgotten by the world, addresses the night as consolation, reflecting tiredness of day and need, expecting an eternal dawn; the poem was set to music by other composers, such as a Lied by Robert Schumann, Op. 83, No 3. 2 Gesänge, Op.144: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project Max Reger: Der 100. Psalm.

Amod Cassimjee

Amod Cassimjee was born and educated in Surat, India. He settled in Pietermaritzburg, he joined his brother Suleman, trading as Suleman Co. for a few years. Amod established his first business in Kranskop. Amod returned to Pietermaritzburg and entered into partnership as Amod Mahomed & Co; the partnership was dissolved in 1913 and Amod Cassimjee assumed his sole ownership of the business and traded under his own name. It was one of the best known firms in Upper Church Street in the African trade with a European department boasting a large clientele. Entered the Shoe Manufacturing Field. One of the most colourful personalities in the City and popularly known by a wide African custom as "Khandalemvu", he was interested in all Indian activities and as a Grand Old man laid the foundation stone of the Mohammedian Oriental School. Attached to the Upper Church Street Mosque. Amod and Suleman Cassimjee formed a company called Suleman Co.. The business was started in Kwa-Zulu Natal. Mahomed Cassimjee and Amod joined their brother in the company Suleman Cassimjee & Co. for a few years.

Amod Cassimjee was keenly interested in the welfare of the Muslims as well as the Indian community as a whole. He laid the foundation for the establishment of the Muhammadan Oriental School, he was prepared to assist all movements directed for the good of the community. Amod Cassimjee died on 16 May 1951 at the age of 80, he was buried in the Mountain Rise Cemetery in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa

Awkward squad

An awkward squad is a group of individuals within an existing organisation or structure, who resist or obstruct change, either through incompetence or by deliberate association. It is accepted that shortly before his death in 1796 Robert Burns uttered the words "Don't let the awkward squad fire over me". At this time the phrase was in use in military slang for a group of recruits who seemed incapable of understanding discipline or not yet sufficiently trained or disciplined to properly carry out their duties. John Clare, an English peasant poet, wrote with no punctuation, he complained in the 1820s to his editors that people could understand him, he refused to use "that awkward squad of colon, semi-colon and full stop", according to the display in the John Clare Cottage, in Helpston. In Canto 7, stanza 52 of Byron's Don Juan, the Russian general Suvorov is described training the'awkward squad' prior to the battle of Ismail. Thomas Babington Macaulay, in his 1842 essay on Frederic the Great, used the phrase to describe the army of Frederic's father.

In her 1853 novel Villette, Charlotte Brontë writes of M. Paul Emanuel: "Irritable. Brontë had used the phrase four years earlier, in Shirley. In Chapter 16 of Our Mutual Friend, Charles Dickens described the character Sloppy as a "Full-Private Number One in the Awkward Squad of the rank and file of life". Norman Cameron used the words to end his 1950 poem Forgive me, sire; the tag of'awkward squad' has been applied to a group of left-wing trade unionists in the United Kingdom, marked out by their opposition to the Labour Party's economic policies. The group includes Bob Crow, Mark Serwotka, Tony Woodley. In a Parliamentary sense, however, it can apply to the left-wing of the Labour Party, which perennially occupies a bench of the House of Commons which allows its members to heckle and unnerve the Prime Minister regularly. "Tackling the awkward squad: monadic input/output, concurrency and foreign-language calls in Haskell" - a paper by Simon Peyton Jones

Dictionnaire de Trévoux

The Dictionnaire de Trévoux, as the Dictionnaire universel françois et latin was unofficially and officially nicknamed because of its original publication in the town of Trévoux, appeared in several editions from 1704 to 1771. Throughout the 18th century, it was assumed to be directed by the Jesuits, a supposition supported by at least some modern scholars; the first edition of the Dictionnaire de Trévoux was close to being a reprint of the 1701 edition of Antoine Furetière´s Dictionnaire universel, with a small number of revisions and added articles as well as a Latin-French dictionary in the last volume. A few decades the Dictionnaire de Trévoux was pirated in its own turn: The publisher Pierre Antoine, from Nancy, brought out two editions in competition with the original series before agreeing to cooperate on the 1752 edition. From its much expanded second edition onward, the Dictionnaire de Trévoux came to be respected and used, becoming an important source for Ephraim Chambers´ Cyclopaedia and the Encyclopédie.

Following is a list of editions of the Dictionnaire de Trévoux with their dates, place of publication and format: 1704, Trévoux, 2-3 volumes in folio, variations by printing and binding are not distinguished on title pages. Another version printed and bound in three volumes as: A-F, G-R, S-Z. 1721, Trévoux, 5 volumes in folio.


MathLand was one of several elementary mathematics curricula that were designed around the 1989 NCTM standards. It was developed and published by Creative Publications and was adopted by the U. S. state of California and schools run by the US Department of Defense by the mid 1990s. Unlike curricula such as Investigations in Numbers and Space, by 2007 Mathland was no longer offered by the publisher, has since been dropped by many early adopters, its demise may have been, at least in a result of intense scrutiny by critics. Mathland was among the math curricula rated as "promising" by an Education Department panel, although subsequently 200 mathematicians and scientists, including four Nobel Prize recipients and two winners of the Fields Medal, published a letter in the Washington Post deploring the findings of that panel. MathLand was adopted in many California school districts as its material most fit the legal mandate of the 1992 California Framework; that framework has since been discredited and abandoned as misguided and replaced by a newer standard based on traditional mathematics.

It bears noting that the process by which the framework was replaced itself came under serious scrutiny. Mathland focuses on "attention to conceptual understanding, communication and problem solving." Children meet in small groups and invent their own ways to add, subtract and divide, which spares young learners from "teacher-imposed rules." In the spirit of not chaining instruction to fixed content, MathLand does away with textbooks. A textbook as well as other practice books were available to reinforce concepts taught in the lesson. MathLand does not teach standard arithmetic algorithms, including borrowing; such methods familiar to adults are absent from the curriculum, so would need to be supplemented if desired. The standard method for multi-digit multiplication is not presented until 6th grade, only as an example of how it is error-prone. Instead a Russian peasants' algorithm for calculating 13 x 18 = 234 is favored. By cutting and pasting various strips of paper, it can be solved by using 3 divisions, 3 multiplications, a cancellation, an addition of three numbers.

Sixth graders are asked to solve following problem: "I just checked out a library book, 1,344 pages long! The book is due in 3 weeks. How many pages will I need to read a day to finish the book in time?" Long division is not used to divide 1,344 by 21. Instead, the curriculum guide explains that "division in MathLand is not a separate operation to master, but rather a combination of successive approximations, adding up and subtracting back, all held together with the students' own number sense." Debra J. Saunders of the San Francisco Chronicle calls Mathland a math curriculum that prefers not to give lessons with "predetermined numerical results." Kings County fourth-grade teacher Doug Swords says that 14 out of 18 teachers use MathLand only as a supplement. When asked if MathLand was helpful in teaching kids to multiply, he responded "No, quite frankly". In a letter published in Stars and Stripes concerning the education of children by the Department of Defense, Denise McArthur wrote that "according to Dr. Wu, mathematics professor at U.

C. Berkeley, the Interactive Math series is quite the worst math text I have come across". Another mathematician wrote, in the Notices of the AMS, "I respectfully urge the AMS leadership to withdraw its endorsement of the NCTM Standards; the Standards have paved the way for elementary pedagogies such as MathLand, which fail to develop the standard multiplication algorithm for elementary students". And another, "...the proposed MathLand materials, address neither our children's lack of basic skills nor their poor performance on tests... it wholeheartedly embraces the philosophy of the "reform" movement... a movement, being questioned by the mathematical and educational community... it would be foolish to adopt something with such obvious inadequacies."Mathland had fallen out of favor by the mid-2000s and was no longer offered by Creative Publications as of 2007