Gyaruo are a sub-group of modern Japanese youth culture. They are the male equivalent of the gyaru; the o suffix, added to the word, is one reading of the Kanji for male. And the kanji for'dirty' in Japanese, which has the same reading, is used by Gyaru and Gyaruo in a light hearted way, poking fun at themselves because of the reputation that their subculture has gained within society due to their dark skin and gritty, rough style of clothing that they wear. Gyaruo are characterised by their deep tans, dyed hair, party lifestyle and a liking for all different types of trance music including para-para dancing music, etc. Most major cities in Japan will have certain streets or districts within the city centre where Gyaruo and Gyaru are most to be hanging out. Using the two biggest Gyaruo culture influencing cities as example: in Tokyo two of the popular places to hang out are around the Shibuya or Shinjuku areas. In Osaka, shortened to Ame-mura, the Shinsaibashi areas are popular places for gyaruo to hang around.
In 2005, Tokyu Hands opened up a second branch of their popular girl's gyaru fashion shopping complex, 109, called 109-②. Two floors of the Shibuya located 109-② store are dedicated to Gyaruo brands such as Vanquish, Jack Rose, Diavlo, Roi Franc, Gennaro; the rise in gyaruo fashion has led to openings of other 109-② stores featuring male brands in Fukuoka, Machida and Nagoya. The 109-② in Shibuya has since been renamed 109-mens, with all floors dedicated to gyaruo fashion instead of the initial two. Gyaruo fashion can be seen in certain magazines such as Men's Egg, "Men's Roses" or Men's Egg Bitter and a new magazine called Men's Digger. There is the popular Men's Knuckle magazine, aimed at wearers of the more mature looking onii-kei fashion and gyaruo. Men's Egg is the most popular magazine amongst gyaruo, is described as the "gyaruo bible", it is this magazine that has arguably had the largest influence on the development and constant change of gyaruo lifestyle and fashion. Men's Egg magazine, published monthly, has everything from the latest fashion to articles about the sex lives of the readers.
It was this last part that got the magazine a temporary ban by the government, due to complaints by parents and disgruntled traditional politicians who had heard news of the magazines content. Every month this magazine hosts Men's Egg Events at different clubs around Japan keeping its customers entertained by inviting along the magazine's most popular models along to the events to be adored by the excited crowd; the events which are called'Men's Egg Night', is shortened to just'mennai'. Within the gyaruo fashion There are a number of sub fashions, which can broken down into the following groups: Military Rock Biker American Casual Surfer Adult Since the gyaruo youth culture sprang up in Japan alongside its female counterpart, it has gained quite a negative reputation with the older members of society and through the media, which has led a lot of people in the Japanese public to look down upon the gyaruo lifestyle due to what they have heard about it, from what they have learned through the media.
Since gyaruo do not fit in with the normal Japanese tradition of blending into the crowd because of their appearance, they are associated with youth rebellion. The online blogs of the top Men's Egg magazine models The official website for the popular Men's Knuckle magazine Yukihide Sawamotos Blog Kazuaki Oishi Blog
PopSister was a Japanese monthly gal-shibuya-kei-oriented fashion magazine published by Kadokawa Publishing & Co.. Launched in 2010 as the "older sister" magazine of Popteen, PopSister was targeted at females in their teens and early 20s; the original PopSister, titled Scream, was published in 2009 as a special edition of Popteen magazine. The first authentic issue of PopSister was published on April 17, 2010, it featured seven exclusive models, Tsubasa Masuwaka, Kana Hoshino, Yui Kanno, Jun Komori, Tomoko Higuchi, Eri Aoki, Wei Son. The last issue was released in November 2011. Popteen official
Egg was a style magazine for gyaru fashion, distributed in Japan. It featured photos of ganguro synopses of their tastes and popular trends; the magazine usually had photos of the newest fashions, where to buy them, latest hairstyles, cell phones, make up tips. It had candid photos of ganguro girls on the streets of Japan, similar to Fruits magazine. Egg had its own models. Due to the decline of Gyaru popularity, the magazine shut down with the last issue on 31 May 2014."Egg" made its return as an online magazine on March 2018. Along with the main monthly issues, Egg released special magazine issues. One was a seasonal beauty magazine called "egg's Beauty" which used to be released each year, but was released twice a year in spring and autumn & winter editions. Other special releases included "Manba", an issue published in 2004 when Manba was still a big boom in Japan, "Romi & Kana 120%", released in 2010 and was dedicated to popular and longstanding Egg models Hiromi Hosoi and Kanako Kawabata's trip to Guam, the most recent "Flowers", released in March 2011, is described as "Girl's history of egg" which goes through 10 years of the magazine.
Egg used the same models for each issue of the magazine, some of whom have been involved with the magazine for a long time. Every so these "older generation" of models left the magazine, newer girls came in. Girls who left the magazine went to model for another fashion magazine, or would delve into something different, such as acting, singing or setting up a clothing line, all of which were popular options; some girls who left the magazine returned to a normal life outside of the media world and were rarely seen in the public eye again. Notable Egg models Rumi Itabashi and Kaoru Watanabe who were part of the magazine for a long time have since left the magazine and have had children. Egg recruited new models for the magazine while finding girls for "Street Snaps" in the famous Center Gai in Shibuya, Tokyo; this appeared in the "Street Groove" section of the magazine, a mix of random girls and Egg models. After a while of appearing in Street Snaps and small features and sections, girls could debut as more regular and full-time models for the magazine.
Models for the magazine had public blogs which were followed by fans and contained aspects of their personal lives as well as things related to the magazine or other career projects. Egg had a few other counterpart magazines, including one for men called MensEGG, one for teenage boys called "Men's Egg Youth"; these magazines again had their own models. MensEGG had a more grown-up and "rockier" style compared to Egg which mixed both cute and sexy styles, Men's Egg Youth had a more colourful and extreme style. A sideline from Egg magazine was "EggMgg TV", an internet programme hosted by some of the models from MensEGG; each episode featured different events that may have been happening in and around Shibuya, such as magazine parties or brand promotions, different topics related to young people such as relationships and dating. Egg's official website EggMggTV
Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south; the kanji that make up Japan's name mean "sun origin", it is called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands; the four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area and are referred to as home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions, with Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one; the population of 127 million is the world's tenth largest. 90.7 % of people live in cities. About 13.8 million people live in the capital of Japan. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world with over 38 million people. Archaeological research indicates; the first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD.
Influence from other regions China, followed by periods of isolation from Western Europe, has characterized Japan's history. From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shōguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma – and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism; the Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the Japanese surrender. Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3, 1947, during the occupation led by SCAP, the sovereign state of Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet.
Japan is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, the G20, is considered a great power. Its economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity, it is the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer. Japan benefits from a skilled and educated workforce. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military with the world's eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles. Japan is a developed country with a high standard of living and Human Development Index, its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and third lowest infant mortality rate in the world, but is experiencing issues due to an aging population and low birthrate. Japan is renowned for its historical and extensive cinema, influential music industry, video gaming, rich cuisine and its major contributions to science and modern technology; the Japanese word for Japan is 日本, pronounced Nihon or Nippon and means "the origin of the sun".
The character nichi means "sun" or "day". The compound therefore means "origin of the sun" and is the source of the popular Western epithet "Land of the Rising Sun"; the earliest record of the name Nihon appears in the Chinese historical records of the Tang dynasty, the Old Book of Tang. At the end of the seventh century, a delegation from Japan requested that Nihon be used as the name of their country; this name may have its origin in a letter sent in 607 and recorded in the official history of the Sui dynasty. Prince Shōtoku, the Regent of Japan, sent a mission to China with a letter in which he called himself "the Emperor of the Land where the Sun rises"; the message said: "Here, I, the emperor of the country where the sun rises, send a letter to the emperor of the country where the sun sets. How are you". Prior to the adoption of Nihon, other terms such as Yamato and Wakoku were used; the term Wa is a homophone of Wo 倭, used by the Chinese as a designation for the Japanese as early as the third century Three Kingdoms period.
Another form of Wa, Wei in Chinese) was used for an early state in Japan called Nakoku during the Han dynasty. However, the Japanese disliked some connotation of Wa 倭, it was therefore replaced with the substitute character Wa, meaning "togetherness, harmony"; the English word Japan derives from the historical Chinese pronunciation of 日本. The Old Mandarin or early Wu Chinese pronunciation of Japan was recorded by Marco Polo as Cipangu. In modern Shanghainese, a Wu dialect, the pronunciation of characters 日本; the old Malay word for Japan, Japun or Japang, was borrowed from a southern coastal Chinese dialect Fukienese or Ningpo – and this Malay word was encountered by Portuguese traders in Southeast Asia in the 16th century. These Early Portuguese traders brought the word
Ranzuki is a fashion magazine published monthly in Japan by Bunka-sha Publishing & Co.. A gal magazine, Ranzuki targets women in their teens and shows its preference for dark-skin and 109 items. Ranzuki was first published in August 2000 with the name Ranking Daisuki. Ranzuki spawned its special edition which became independent as Jelly in 2006. Ranzuki features its appearing models as "R's" and all of them appear on the magazine with their simple nicknames; the notable ones have included Yumi Yamanaka, Aya Suzuki, Takami Tsuha, Namino Hata, Serika Nakayama, Yoko Kunieda, Nicole Abe, Yui Minemura, Rika Mamiya, Natsumi Saito, Arisa Kamada, Rei Yasui. Some of them have moved to the sister magazine Jelly, including Maya Mori, Naomi Arai, Yuki Yamamoto, Mai Miyagi, Miho Ishigami; some have moved to a fashion magazine published by Bunka-sha the same publisher. Official
JJ is a Japanese fashion and lifestyle magazine published by Kobunsha. It was established in 1975 as an extra issue of Josei Jishin, was the first women's magazine for college students in Japan. Most readers of JJ are females between the ages of 17 and 26, range from college students to office workers. JJ advises its readers to dress conservatively, it uses many professional fashion models, however the models it uses are not under exclusive contract with JJ. The model Ryoko Tanami is featured in Classy, a version of JJ targeted to women aged between 24 and 28. JJ Bis is a version of JJ magazine for older teens. References Official website Mikeware-Mags JJ magazine cover archive
Juvenile delinquency known as "juvenile offending", is the act of participating in unlawful behavior as minors. Most legal systems prescribe specific procedures for dealing with juveniles, such as juvenile detention centers and courts, with it being common that juvenile systems are treated as civil cases instead of criminal, or a hybrid thereof to avoid certain requirements required for criminal cases. A juvenile delinquent in the United States is a person, below 18 years of age and commits an act that otherwise would have been charged as a crime if they were an adult. Depending on the type and severity of the offense committed, it is possible for people under 18 to be charged and treated as adults. In recent years a higher proportion of youth have experienced arrests by their early 20s than in the past; some scholars have concluded that this may reflect more aggressive criminal justice and zero-tolerance policies rather than changes in youth behavior. Juvenile crimes can range to property crimes and violent crimes.
Youth violence rates in the United States have dropped to 12% of peak rates in 1993 according to official US government statistics, suggesting that most juvenile offending is non-violent. However, juvenile offending can be considered to be normative adolescent behavior; this is because most teens tend to offend by committing non-violent crimes, only once or a few times, only during adolescence. Repeated and/or violent offending is to lead to and more violent offenses; when this happens, the offender displays antisocial behavior before reaching adolescence. Juvenile delinquency, or offending, is separated into three categories: delinquency, crimes committed by minors, which are dealt with by the juvenile courts and justice system. According to the developmental research of Moffitt, there are two different types of offenders that emerge in adolescence. One is the repeat offender, referred to as the life-course-persistent offender, who begins offending or showing antisocial/aggressive behavior in adolescence and continues into adulthood.
Considering that most teenagers tend to show some form of antisocial or delinquent behavior during adolescence, it is important to account for these behaviors in childhood in order to determine whether they will be life-course-persistent offenders or adolescence-limited offenders. Although adolescence-limited offenders tend to drop all criminal activity once they enter adulthood and show less pathology than life-course-persistent offenders, they still show more mental health, substance abuse, financial problems, both in adolescence and adulthood, than those who were never delinquent; the two largest predictors of juvenile delinquency are: parenting style, with the two styles most to predict delinquency being:"permissive" parenting, characterized by a lack of consequence-based discipline and encompassing two subtypes known as:"neglectful" parenting, characterized by a lack of monitoring and thus of knowledge of the child's activities. Other factors that may lead a teenager into juvenile delinquency include poor or low socioeconomic status, poor school readiness/performance and/or failure, peer rejection, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
There may be biological factors, such as high levels of serotonin, giving them a difficult temper and poor self-regulation, a lower resting heart rate, which may lead to fearlessness. Delinquent activity the involvement in youth gangs, may be caused by a desire for protection against violence or financial hardship, as the offenders view delinquent activity as a means of surrounding themselves with resources to protect against these threats. Most of these influences tend to be caused by a mix of both environmental factors; some research indicates that changes in the weather can increase the likelihood of children exhibiting deviant behavior. Individual psychological or behavioral risk factors that may make offending more include low intelligence, impulsiveness or the inability to delay gratification, lack of empathy, restlessness. Other risk factors that may be evident during childhood and adolescence include, aggressive or troublesome behavior, language delays or impairments, lack of emotional control, cruelty to animals.
Children with low intelligence are more to do badly in school. This may increase the chances of offending because low educational attainment, a low attachment to school, low educational aspirations are all risk factors for offending in themselves. Children who perform poorly at school are more to be truant, the status offense of truancy is linked to further offending. Impulsiveness is seen by some as the key aspect of a child's personality that p