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Merchant Navy (United Kingdom)

The Merchant Navy is the maritime register of the United Kingdom, comprises the seagoing commercial interests of UK-registered ships and their crews. Merchant Navy vessels are regulated by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency. King George V bestowed the title of "Merchant Navy" on the British merchant shipping fleets following their service in the First World War; the Merchant Navy has been in existence for a significant period in English and British history, owing its growth to trade and imperial expansion. It can be dated back to the 17th century, when an attempt was made to register all seafarers as a source of labour for the Royal Navy in times of conflict; that registration of merchant seafarers failed, it was not implemented until 1835. The merchant fleet grew over successive years to become the world's foremost merchant fleet, benefiting from trade with British possessions in India and the Far East; the lucrative trades in sugar, contraband opium to China and tea helped to entrench this dominance in the 19th century.

In the First and Second World Wars, the merchant service suffered heavy losses from German U-boat attacks. A policy of unrestricted warfare meant that merchant seafarers were at risk of attack from enemy ships; the tonnage lost to U-boats in the First World War was around 7,759,090 tons, around 14,661 merchant seafarers were killed. In honour of the sacrifice made by merchant seafarers in the First World War, George V granted the title "Merchant Navy" to the companies. In 1928 George V gave Edward, Prince of Wales the title of "Master of the Merchant Navy and Fishing Fleets". Since Edward VIII, the title has been held by the sovereigns George VI and Elizabeth II; when the United Kingdom and the British Empire entered the Second World War in September 1939, George VI issued this message: In these anxious days I would like to express to all Officers and Men and in the British Merchant Navy and the British Fishing Fleets my confidence in their unfailing determination to play their vital part in defence.

To each one I would say: Yours is a task no less essential to my people's experience than that allotted to the Navy and Air Force. Upon you the Nation depends for much of its foodstuffs and raw materials and for the transport of its troops overseas. You have a long and glorious history, I am proud to bear the title "Master of the Merchant Navy and Fishing Fleets". I know that you will carry out your duties with resolution and with fortitude, that high chivalrous traditions of your calling are safe in your hands. God prosper you in your great task. During the Second World War, German U-boats sank nearly 14.7 million tons of Allied shipping, which amounted to 2,828 ships. The United Kingdom alone suffered the loss of 11.7 million tons, 54% of the total Merchant Navy fleet at the outbreak of the Second World War. 32,000 merchant seafarers were killed aboard convoy vessels in the war, but along with the Royal Navy, the convoys imported enough supplies to allow an Allied victory. In honour of the sacrifices made in the two World Wars, the Merchant Navy lays wreaths of remembrance alongside the armed forces in the annual Remembrance Day service on 11 November.

Following many years of lobbying to bring about official recognition of the sacrifices made by merchant seafarers in two world wars and since, Merchant Navy Day became an official day of remembrance on 3 September 2000. Ensigns are displayed on the gaff, on a yardarm. Red Ensigns can be defaced, those can only be flown with a warrant on board the vessel. House Flags are personal and designed by a company, it is displayed on a port halyard of a Yardarm Despite maintaining its dominant position for many decades, the decline of the British Empire, the rise of the use of the flag of convenience, foreign competition led to the decline of the merchant fleet. For example, in 1939 the Merchant Navy was the largest in the world with 33% of total tonnage. By 2012, the Merchant Navy – yet still remaining one of the largest in the world – held only 3% of total tonnage. In 2010 the Merchant Navy consisted of 504 UK registered ships of over. In addition, UK merchant marine interests possessed a further 308 ships registered in other countries and 271 foreign-owned ships were registered in the UK.

In 2012 British merchant marine interests consisted over. This included ships either parent-owned or managed by a British company; this amounted to: 59,413,000 GT or alternatively 75,265,000 DWT. This is according to the annual maritime shipping statistics provided by the British Government and the Department for Transport; as a signatory to the STCW Convention UK ships are commanded by Deck Officers and Engineering Officers. Officers undergo 3 years of training, known as a cadetship at one of the approved maritime colleges in the United Kingdom; these include Warsash Maritime Academy, South Tyneside College, Plymouth University and City of Glasgow College. Cadets have a choice of two academic routes. Successful completion of this results in a qualification in marine operations or marine engineering; the costs of a cadetship will be met by sponsorship from a UK shipping company. During the three years of training, cadets go to sea, for a period of a year or more spread across the cadetship; this affords a practical education, that along with the acad

1955 Chicago White Sox season

The 1955 Chicago White Sox season was the team's 55th season in the major leagues, its 56th season overall. They finished with a record 91–63, good enough for third place in the American League, 5 games behind the first place New York Yankees. December 6, 1954: Leo Cristante, Ferris Fain, Jack Phillips were traded by the White Sox to the Detroit Tigers for Walt Dropo, Ted Gray and Bob Nieman. December 6, 1954: Don Ferrarese, Don Johnson, Matt Batts, Fred Marsh were traded by the White Sox to the Baltimore Orioles for Bob Chakales, Jim Brideweser and Clint Courtney. February 10, 1955: Lloyd Merriman was purchased by the White Sox from the Cincinnati Redlegs. Prior to 1955 season Vito Valentinetti was acquired from the White Sox by the Charleston Senators. Jim McAnany was signed as an amateur free agent by the White Sox. Chico Carrasquel, SS Nellie Fox, 2B Minnie Miñoso, LF George Kell, 3B Jim Rivera, CF Walt Dropo, 1B Willard Marshall, RF Sherm Lollar, C Virgil Trucks, P April 16, 1955: Lloyd Merriman was purchased by the Chicago Cubs from the Chicago White Sox.

June 7, 1955: Bob Chakales, Clint Courtney and Johnny Groth were traded by the White Sox to the Washington Senators for Jim Busby. Note: G = Games played; the Encyclopedia of Minor League Baseball. Durham, North Carolina: Baseball America. ISBN 978-0-9637189-8-3

Comisión Federal de Electricidad

The Comisión Federal de Electricidad is the state-owned electric utility of Mexico known as CFE. It is the country's dominant electric company, the country's second most powerful state-owned company after Pemex; the Mexican constitution states that the government is responsible for the control and development of the national electric industry, CFE carries out this mission. The company's slogan is "Una empresa de clase mundial". CFE is not a part of the North American Electric Reliability Corporation, though its transmission system in northern Baja California is part of the Western Electricity Coordinating Council through its interconnection with San Diego Gas & Electric via the Miguel-Tijuana and the LaRosita-Imperial Valley Lines and the Path 45 corridor. Only August 2, 2019, the federal government announced it will provide Internet access throughout the country through the establishment of a subsidiary of the Comisión Federal de Electricidad called CFE Telecomunicaciones e Internet para Todos.

On 12 October 2009, President Felipe Calderón issued a decree dissolving Luz y Fuerza del Centro, the state-owned power company serving most of central Mexico—including Mexico City, most of the State of Mexico and some communities in the states of Morelos and Puebla. The government claimed that spending had outpaced sales due in part to massive featherbedding, it no longer made sense for the company to stay afloat. According to the government, spending at the company was outpacing sales CFE went on to control the national electric system and expand its operations nationwide, while the smaller LFC kept a low profile, maintaining its operations in the central region of Mexico. LFC provided electricity to several states; as of March 2010, LFC's operations have been absorbed by CFE. Since the CFE is the dominant electric company in Mexico, most customers refer to it as "la comisión". While there are other Mexican government commissions, the term is exclusively applied to the CFE. Two corruption scandals in the US cite payments of bribes to officials at the CFE in return for contracts.

In September 2010, ABB, a Swiss corporation, admitted that ABB Network Management, paid bribes to officials at CFE from 1997 to 2004, totaling $1.9 million. In exchange for the bribe payments, according to court documents, ABB received contracts worth more than $81 million in revenue; the matter was resolved in September 2010 in a US court. In May 2011, Lindsey Manufacturing Company of the US was convicted by a US federal jury under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act for their alleged roles in a scheme to pay bribes to officials at the CFE; the bribes were paid through an intermediary, who had a corrupt relationship with a senior CFE official. Lindsey Manufacturing received more than $19 million in CFE business over the course of seven years as a result of working through the intermediary. According to evidence presented at trial, the intermediary bought a CFE official a $297,500 Ferrari Spyder and a $1.8 million yacht, as well as paying more than $170,000 towards the official's credit card bills.

In December 2011, a US District Court dismissed the indictments against Lindsey Manufacturing, citing misconduct by the prosecution. The US Department of Justice said it planned to appeal the dismissal, but in May 2012 the government withdrew its appeal. In September 2016, it was reported by Pablo Gomez from Aristegui Noticias, that Enrique Ochoa Reza, who had stepped down two months earlier as head of the Commission after being selected leader of his party, had received $1,206,000.00 pesos as a settlement agreement, despite voluntarily resigning his position. Furthermore, Ochoa Reza stayed on the Commission's top job for only two years and 155 days, while the "Manual de Trabajo de Servidores Publicos de Mando la CFE" stipulates that settlements can only apply after a minimum three years on the job, only to those individuals whose retirement is not voluntary; the payment constituted a violation of the Mexican Constitution's Article 127 as well, which prohibits settlements of this nature in favour of state-owned corporations' employees.

Despite the media and popular backlash, Ochoa maintained. Two months in response to the 2016 San Pablito Market fireworks explosion that occurred in Tultepec on December 20, 2016, Ochoa announced he had given the 1.2 million pesos to the UNAM Foundation and the Michou and Mau Foundation, which specializes in the rehabilitation of children with severe burns. Electricity sector in Mexico CFE official site Servicio de Administración y Enajenación de Bienes "Organismo Descentralizado Luz y Fuerza del Centro" Mexico: The Murder of a Union and the Rebirth of Class Struggle by Richard Roman and Edur Velasco Arregui, The Bullet #279, November 25, 2009. Mexico Energy Projects

Dance notation

Dance notation is the symbolic representation of human dance movement and form, using methods such as graphic symbols and figures, path mapping, numerical systems, letter and word notations. Several dance notation systems have been invented, many of which are designed to document specific types of dance. A dance score is recorded dance notation; the primary uses of dance notation are historical dance preservation through documentation, analysis or reconstruction of choreography, dance forms, technical exercises. Dance notation allows a dance work to be documented and therefore copyrighted. Two popular dance notation systems used in Western culture are Labanotation and Benesh Movement Notation. Others include DanceWriting. Many dance notation systems are designed for a specific type of dance. Examples of such systems include Shorthand Dance Notation for dances from Israel, Morris Dance Notation for Morris dance, Beauchamp-Feuillet notation for Baroque dance; as a result, these systems cannot describe other types of dance.

In the 1680s, Pierre Beauchamp invented a dance notation system for Baroque dance. His system, known as Beauchamp-Feuillet notation, was published in 1700 by Raoul-Auger Feuillet and used to record dances throughout the eighteenth century. A well-known collection of dance scores is the Sergeyev Collection, recorded using Vladimir Ivanovich Stepanov's notation method; this collection documents the Imperial Ballet's repertoire from the turn of the 20th century, including Marius Petipa's original choreographic designs for The Sleeping Beauty, Giselle, Le Corsaire, Swan Lake, as well as Coppélia and the original version of The Nutcracker. It was with this collection. In 1934, the composer Joseph Schillinger created a accurate notation system based on the 3D bone rotation and translation of a moving dancer. With motion capture technology half a century in the future, there was no way to measure and record this information at the time. In 1948, Hanya Holm became the first Broadway choreographer to have her dance scores copyrighted, for her work on Kiss Me Kate.

In 1951, Stanley D. Kahn published Kahnotation. After having studied Korean dance in the 1970s, North Korean choreographer U Chang-sop developed a system of dance notation called the Chamo System of Dance Notation, it uses pictorially based symbols. In 1975, Ann Hutchinson Guest reconstructed choreographer Arthur Saint-Léon's Pas de Six from his 1844 ballet La Vivandière, along with its original music by composer Cesare Pugni, for the Joffrey Ballet; the piece was reconstructed from Saint-Léon's work, documented using his own method of dance notation, known as La Sténochorégraphie. In 1982, the first computerized notation system—the DOM dance notation system—was created by Eddie Dombrower for the Apple II personal computer; the system displayed an animated figure on the screen that performed dance moves specified by the choreographer. Action stroke dance notation Motif description, a subset of Labanotation Cage, J. and Knowles, A. Notations. Reprint Services Corp. ISBN 0-685-14864-5 Drewes, Henner Transformationen - Bewegung in Notation und digitaler Verarbeitung in Fellsches, J Folkwang-Texte Bd. 18.

Verlag Die Blaue Eule, Essen. ISBN 3-89924-057-X Hutchinson Guest, A. Choreographics: a comparison of dance notation systems from the fifteenth century to the present. Routledge ISBN 90-5700-003-2 Kahn, Stanley D.. "presenting Kahnotation: the K-Symbols for writing Tap Dancing" Neagle, R. J. and Ng, K. C. Machine-representation and visualisation of a dance notation in Proceedings of electronic imaging and the visual arts - London July 2003 U Chang-sop; the Chamo System of Dance Notation. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. OCLC 500236112. Dance notation at Curlie

Juan Andrés (convert)

Juan Andrés, Latinized Joannes Andreas, is the name chosen by a Spanish Muslim scholar who converted to Catholicism and wrote a well known polemical work against Islam, the Confusión o confutación de la secta mahomética y del Alcorán. The man subsequently known as Juan Andrés was born in Xàtiva, the son of an Islamic scholar. Trained as a faqīh himself, he converted to Catholicism in 1487, in the days of the Inquisition, in Valencia Cathedral and took the Christian name Juan Andrés. Becoming a priest, he was made an envoy by the Catholic Monarchs Ferdinando and Isabela, to preach Christianity in Granada after it was reconquered, he worked with the Aragonese Inquisitor Martín García. Around 1516 there was a canon of Granada Cathedral by the name Juan Andrés, but it is not certain that this is the same man. Juan Andrés' main apologetical work, Confusion de la secta mahomatica y del alcoran, while written to encourage Muslims to convert to Christianity, was banned by the Spanish Inquisition due to the extensive quotations from the Qur'an that it contained.

It went into many further editions. The Confusion de la secta mahomatica was translated into Italian as Opera chiamata confusione della setta Machumetana from Italian into French as Confusion de la secte de Muhamed and into Latin as Confusio sectae Mahometanae, it was translated from Spanish into Dutch as Een zeer wonderlycke ende waerachtighe historie van Mahomet, from Latin into German as Confusio Sectae Mahometanae: darinnen deß Mahomets Ursprung, Leben vnd Tod. An English translation bore the title The Confusion of Muhamed's Sect A second book has been attributed to him, Sumario breve de la pratica de la arithmetica, but with some doubt as to whether this is the same Juan Andrés

UFC 251

UFC 251 is an upcoming mixed martial arts event produced by the Ultimate Fighting Championship, planned to take place on June 6, 2020 at Perth Arena in Perth, Australia. The event will mark the promotion's second visit to Perth, following UFC 221 in February 2018. While not announced by the organization, a UFC Featherweight Championship rematch between current champion Alexander Volkanovski and former champion Max Holloway is expected to headline the event; the pairing first met at UFC 245. A UFC Women's Flyweight Championship bout between current champion Valentina Shevchenko and Joanne Calderwood is expected to take place at the event. UFC Women's Flyweight Championship bout: Valentina Shevchenko vs. Joanne Calderwood Heavyweight bout: Tai Tuivasa vs. Jarjis Danho List of UFC events List of current UFC fighters 2020 in UFC