Francisco "Fran" Mérida Pérez is a Spanish professional footballer who plays for CA Osasuna as a central midfielder. He signed at the age of 17 with Arsenal from Barcelona, but only appeared in 16 official games over the course of three seasons with the club. Subsequently, he returned to his country with Atlético Madrid, where he featured sparingly before leaving in 2012. Born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Mérida joined the youth ranks of FC Barcelona at the age of eight, but left the club in September 2005, being hidden away by his agent, Joseba Díaz, which led to speculation that he would leave with no compensation for the team. C. Milan and Arsenal, with the player signing for the latter. On 9 October 2007, Mérida was ordered by the courts to pay a fee around €3.2 million to Barcelona as compensation for his "failing to meet the terms of a personal pre-contract" with the club. The decision was said to have serious implications for clubs in England, where players were allowed to sign professional contracts at 17, one year earlier than in Spain.
It's an important ruling." Mérida scored in his first-team debut for Arsenal in a friendly against Boreham Wood in August 2006. He signed professional terms with the Gunners after his 17th birthday. Mérida's competitive debut came on 25 September 2007 when he came on as an added-time substitute for Eduardo da Silva in a 2–0 victory against Newcastle United in the third round of the League Cup, he went on to make two further appearances in the competition. On 3 April 2008, he extended his deal with the club by signing a long-term contract, being expected to play an important role in the future as manager Arsène Wenger described him as "an amazing player". On 18 December 2007, Iñaki Badiola, prospective presidential candidate of Real Sociedad, claimed he agreed a loan deal for Mérida until the end of the season in Segunda División. On 9 January of the following year, five days after he won the elections, the move was confirmed, he started in seven of his 17 appearances for the Basques during his five-month spell and made six assists, but they failed to regain their La Liga status.
He scored his first professional goal on 6 April 2008, the winner as his team came from behind to defeat Hércules CF 2–1 at Anoeta. Mérida returned to Arsenal for the 2008–09 campaign, making his first start in a 6–0 win over Sheffield United in the League Cup on 23 September 2008. On 2 March 2009 Wenger heaped praise on the player, claiming the reason for him making the bench for the previous few first team games was because "He has been doing very well, he looks good in training and is getting stronger all the time.". Mérida participated with Arsenal in the 2009 edition of the Emirates Cup: he replaced Aaron Ramsey midway through the second half of the team's first match, against Atlético Madrid, started and created a goal for Eduardo against Rangers, a 3–0 win which certified the tournament's conquest, he was included in the first team for the league season and handed shirt number 46, playing 20 minutes in the second match against Portsmouth. On 28 October 2009, in the season's League Cup, Mérida contributed to a 2–1 home triumph over Liverpool, scoring from the edge of the area with the ball hitting the post on its way past goalkeeper Diego Cavalieri.
After the game, Wenger confirmed how he came close to loan the player to Levante UD at the start of the campaign, changing his mind at the last minute because he had "too much quality" to let him leave. With his contract due to expire in June 2010, he said he was having talks with the club over a new deal and hoped they could come to an agreement, while Atlético Madrid president Enrique Cerezo showed his interest in bringing the youngster back to Spain if something wasn't worked out between player and club. On 5 November 2009, Arsenal confirmed that Mérida had verbally agreed a deal with the club, but it had yet to be signed. Wenger accused Atlético of tapping up the player after announcing their public interest of talking to him, saying "I can't say I'm annoyed by other clubs going after our players because we do it as well, but we do it legally." "The difference is. We try to get the best players everywhere when it is allowed by the rules."Mérida made only eight official appearances for Arsenal during the season, including one against Bolton Wanderers on 17 January 2010 in which he scored his first Premier League goal in a 2–0 success.
On 25 May 2010, Atlético Madrid announced that Mérida was on his way to the Vicente Calderón Stadium on a free transfer, after refusing Arsenal's contract offer at the end of the campaign. He scored his first official goal for his new club on 27 October in a 5–0 win against Universidad de Las Palmas CF for the Copa del Rey, repeating the feat in the second leg. On 16 December 2010, Mérida scored his third goal for the Colchoneros, netting in his first touch in a 1–1 draw at Bayer 04 Leverkusen, with the defending champions of the UEFA Europa League crashing out after the group stage, he started 2011–12 on loan to S. C. Braga in Portugal. In late December 2011
Mérida known as Santiago de los Caballeros de Mérida, is the capital of the municipality of Libertador and the state of Mérida, is one of the principal cities of the Venezuelan Andes. It was founded in 1558 by Captain Juan Rodríguez Suárez, forming part of Nueva Granada, but became part of the Captaincy General of Venezuela and played an active role in the War of Independence; the capital city's population is 204,879 inhabitants, the metropolitan area, that includes the municipality of Libertador, reaches 345,489 people. The city accounts for 28% of the total population of Mérida State, which has more than 750,000 inhabitants, it is home to the Archdiocese of Mérida. It has the highest and longest cable car in the world, it is the largest tourist center of western Venezuela. The mass transit system is available as a means of tourist transport; this city sits on a tableland nestled in the valley of the Chama River. The town of Mérida is located at an altitude of 1,600 metres; as background on the horizon rises the country's highest summit: the Pico Bolívar with an altitude of 4,981 metres.
Mérida was founded by Juan Rodríguez Suárez on October 9, 1558 in one of the Pamplonian mining expeditions he led. The first settlement of Mérida was not the current one but 30 kilometres to the south, in Xamú, where today stands Lagunillas. In November 1559, Juan de Maldonado moved the settlement to nearby El Punto, because of constant confrontations with the native neighbours. Rodríguez Suárez's foundation had not been authorized by the New Granadian Authorities, so in 1560 they sent Juan de Maldonado to arrest Juan Rodríguez and regularize the new city. On June 24 Maldonado moved Mérida to its present location on the plateau and rechristened it as Santiago de los Caballeros; the city came to be governed by the corregimiento of Tunja until 1607, when it became itself a corregimiento of the Audiencia of Santa Fe. In 1622, Mérida became the capital of the Governorate of Mérida, whose chief official established his residence there; the city and territory were part of New Granada until 1777, when it was integrated into the Captaincy of Venezuela.
The city was elevated to the status of an episcopal see in 1785. This led to the creation of a seminary; the city was named after the founder Juan Rodríguez Suárez, who called so in honor of his hometown of Mérida in Extremadura, Spain. However, Juan de Maldonado renamed it as San Juan de las Nieves. In 1559 the name changed again, it was adopting the name of Santiago de los Caballeros de Mérida, combining the variants, appointed to the city until then. The word Mérida comes from the Latin "emérita", from Emeritus, one who has merit, which references to veteran Roman soldiers who were discharged from the army after completion of their mandatory service commitment. Another feature common to both the Spanish and the Venezuelan Méridas is that in both cities, there is a tributary of the main river with the name Albarregas; the city is located in the center of the Venezuelan Andes, in a wide plain in the valley of the Chama River, between the Sierra Nevada de Mérida to the southeast and the Sierra La Culata to the northwest.
The old quarter of the city is on the alluvial plain known as Tatuy. Mérida has four principal rivers and some smaller seasonal streams in the less urbanized parts of the city, these last ones have a significant water flow only in times of heavy precipitation; the most important river is the Chama, followed by the Albarregas, which cross the plain and divide it into two parts: the Banda Occidental and the Banda Oriental. These two rivers run from one end of the city to the other; the other two principal rivers are the Mucujún and the Milla, which flow into the Chama and Albarregas. In the lower part of the city is found the La Rosa lake, one of some 200 lakes in Mérida State. In the center of the city the terrain, located on a plain, is flat. Nonetheless, there is an average incline of 3 to 7 degrees, which causes a difference in altitude between the high and low parts of the city of more than 400 m, the average being 1,630 m above sea level at the Plaza Bolívar. However, the areas surrounding the city are rough and uneven, situated in the valleys formed by the Chama and Albarregas rivers and the Sierra Nevada and Sierra de La Culata ranges.
The valley in which the city is located was formed 40 to 60 million years ago with the creation of the Venezuelan Andes and its continuous erosion by the area's water systems. Its soils consist of alluvial clay. Below the city runs the major tectonic fault in the western part of the country, the Boconó fault, which forms part of the South American Plate; the vegetation in the interior of the city consists of medium to tall trees, ferns, located near the basin of the Albarregas river. On the outskirts of Mérida, one finds non-urbanized areas, where sub-mountainous and seasonal jungle vegetation predominates. On the other hand, vast coniferous forests extend toward the south, where they were planted some years ago. Toward the north and east, one finds cloud forests. Significant among the local fauna are important populations of certain small and medium-sized birds such as hummingbirds and parrots, spread to the south of the city. Mérida lies under a tropical monsoon climate, bordering on a subtropical highland climate, with cooler temperatures than other cities in Venezuela, with dry wint
Mérida is the capital and largest city in Yucatan state in Mexico, as well as the largest city of the Yucatán Peninsula. The city is located in the northwest part of the state, about 35 kilometres off the coast of the Gulf of Mexico; the city is the municipal seat of the Municipality of Mérida, which includes the city and the areas around it. According to the 2015 census, the population of Mérida was 892,363, ranking 14th among the most populous Mexican cities; the Greater Mérida metropolitan area includes the municipalities of Mérida, Umán and Kanasín and had a population of 1,035,238 in the 2010 census. The municipality's area is 858.41 km2. Among the four cities that share the same name around the world, it is the largest -the other three being in Spain and the Philippines; the city to much of the state, has heavy Mayan, French, Lebanese and to a lesser extent Dutch influences. Mérida has the highest percentage of indigenous population within any large city in Mexico; the percentage of the indigenous people was 60% of all inhabitants being of Maya ethnicity.
There were three Spanish conquistadors named "Francisco de Montejo": Francisco de Montejo "el Adelantado". Mérida was founded in 1542 by Montejo y León and named after the town of Mérida in Extremadura, Spain, it was built on the site of the Maya city of T'hó, called Ichkanzihóo or Ichcaanzihó in reference to its pyramids. T'ho had been a center of Mayan culture and activity for centuries: because of this, some historians consider Mérida the oldest continually-occupied city in the Americas. Carved Maya stones from ancient T'ho were used to build the Spanish colonial buildings that are plentiful in downtown Mérida, are visible, for instance, in the walls of the main cathedral. Much of Mérida's architecture from the colonial period through the 18th century and 19th century is still standing in the centro historico of the city. From colonial times through the mid-19th century, Mérida was a walled city intended to protect the Peninsular and Criollo residents from periodic revolts by the indigenous Maya.
Several of the old Spanish city gates survive, but modern Mérida has expanded well beyond the old city walls. Late in the 19th century and the early 20th Century, the area surrounding Mérida prospered from the production of henequén. For a brief period, around the turn of the 20th century, Mérida was said to house more millionaires than any other city in the world; the result of this concentration of wealth can still be seen today. Many large and elaborate homes still line the main avenue called Paseo de Montejo, though few are occupied today by individual families. Many of these homes have been restored and now serve as office buildings for banks and insurance companies. Korean immigration to Mexico began in 1905 when more than a thousand people arrived in Yucatán from the city of Incheon; these first Korean migrants settled around Mérida as workers in henequen plantations. Mérida has one of the largest centro histórico districts in the Americas. Colonial homes line the city streets in various states of disrepair and renovation.
In August 1993, Pope John Paul II visited the city on his third trip to Mexico. The city has been host to two bilateral United States – Mexico conferences, the first in 1999 and the second in 2007. In June 2007, Mérida moved its city museum to the renovated Post Office building next to the downtown market; the Museum of the City of Mérida houses important artifacts from the city's history, as well as an art gallery. Mérida hosted the VI Summit of Association of Caribbean States, in 2014. Mérida is the cultural and financial capital of the Yucatán Peninsula, as well as the capital city of the state of Yucatán. In recent years, important science competitions and World events have been held in Mérida – FITA Archery World Cup Finals, the International Cosmic Ray Conference, a Physics Olympiad, etc; the Yucatan Peninsula, in particular the capital city Merida, is in a prime location which allows for economic growth. Merida has been a popular location for investment. This, in turn, has allowed the Yucatan economy to grow at three times the rate of the national average.
Since Merida is the capital city of Yucatan and one of the largest cities in this section of Mexico, region-based urbanization is influential, in comparison to city-based urbanization. As the capital city of the state of Yucatan, Merida has its advantages, "Cities capital cities, are where the vast majority of modern productive activities are concentrated in the developing world and where the vast majority of paid employment opportunities are located." Many resources have been allocated to this region, but not everyone prospers with the influx of these resources. High rates of urban poverty can be attributed to the rapid development of these cities and resource and service allocation can be disproportionate between the rich and the poor of the area. Due to the rapid expansion of these cities, there is uneven distribution of services among members of the community. Due to the developing economy, based on urbanization of the city, high rates between the social classes are present. Mérida i
Merida Industry Co. Ltd is a Taiwan-based company that designs and markets bicycles globally in over 77 countries. Founded in 1972 by Ike Tseng, the company designs and manufactures over 2 million bicycles a year at its factories in Taiwan and Germany — the latter where its R&D headquarter is based. After Tseng's death in January 2012, his son Michael Tseng became the company's President. After making bicycles as an OE manufacturer for numerous other brands, the company established its own brand, Merida, in 1988; the company designs and manufactures bicycles for its own brand — and for brands with which it shares financial interest, including the now German brand Centurion. Merida is publicly traded company on the Taiwanese stock exchange since 1992 and is valued as of 2012 at £350 million, making it one of Taiwan's largest companies; the name Merida derives from the translation of its three syllables ma-ri-da, which mirror the company's goal to manufacture bikes that enable the customer to reach their destination.
The original Merida factory was organized after the Raleigh Nottingham factory as the company began by making Raleigh bikes for the North American market. Tseng would develop his own welding robots to meet his production goals. In 2001, Merida bought 49% of Specialized for a reported US$30 million, with its CEO and founder Mike Sinyard remaining the majority owner. In the past, Merida manufactured bicycles for companies including Mongoose. In 2007, Merida invested $7 million to renovate its 35-year-old factory in Taichung, without halting production. Merida has been co-sponsor of the Multivan Merida Biking Team, with athletes such as Jose Hermida and Gunn-Rita Dahle Flesjå, of bicycle racing events such as the TransUK and TransWales mountain bike races. Since 2004, the team has been scoring over 30 World Cup wins as well as Olympic gold and silver medals. In 2013 Merida became co-sponsors of the Pro-Tour Lampre-Merida road racing team and changed to Bahrain–Merida Pro Cycling Team in 2017. Rebranding Original design manufacturer Company site
Mardin is a city and multiple bishopric in southeastern Turkey. The capital of Mardin Province, it is known for the Artuqid architecture of its old city, for its strategic location on a rocky hill near the Tigris River that rises steeply over the flat plains; the territory of Mardin and Karaca Dağ was known as Izalla in the Late Bronze Age, part of a Hurrian kingdom. The city and its surrounds were absorbed into Assyria proper during the Middle Assyrian Empire, again during the Neo Assyrian Empire; the ancient name was rendered as Izalā in Old Persian, during the Achaemenid Empire according to the Behistun Inscription it was still regarded as an integral part of the geo-political entity of Assyria. It survived into the Assyrian Christian period as the name of Mt. Izala, on which in the early 4th century AD stood the monastery of Nisibis, housing seventy monks. In the Roman period, the city itself was known as Marida, from a Syriac/Assyrian Neo-Aramaic language name translating to "fortress".
Between c.150 BC and 250 AD (apart from a brief Roman intervention when it became a part of Assyria it was part of the Neo-Assyrian kingdom of Osroene. In the late 3rd century AD Shapur II conquered Mardin and Osroene into the Sassanid Empire after which the region became part of the province of Assuristan. Byzantine Izala fell to the Seljuks in the 11th century. During the Artuqid period, many of Mardin's historic buildings were constructed, including several mosques, palaces and khans. Mardin served as the capital of one of the two Artuqid branches during the 12th centuries; the lands of the Artukid dynasty fell to the Mongol invasion sometime between 1235 and 1243, but the Artuqids continued to govern as vassals of the Mongol Empire. During the battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, the Artuqid governor revolted against Mongol rule. Hulagu's general and Chupan's ancestor, Koke-Ilge of the Jalayir, stormed the city and Hulegu appointed the rebel's son, al-Nasir, governor of Mardin. Although, Hulagu suspected the latter's loyalty for a while, thereafter the Artuqids remained loyal unlike nomadic Bedouin and Kurd tribes in the south western frontier.
The Mongol Ilkhanids considered them important allies. For this loyalty they showed, Artuqids were given more lands in 1298 and 1304. Mardin passed to the Aq Qoyunlu, a federation of Turkic tribes that controlled territory all the way to the Caspian Sea. During the medieval period, the town became the centre for episcopal sees of Armenian Apostolic, Armenian Catholic, Syriac Catholic, churches, as well as a stronghold of the Syriac Orthodox Church, whose patriarchal see was headquartered in the nearby Saffron Monastery from 1034 to 1924. In 1451 the Kara Koyunlu besieged the castle of Mardin, damaging the city after their failed attempt to take the stronghold. About half a century in 1507, Ismail I of the Safavids succeeded to capture the city and the castle. A few years in 1515, the city yielded to the Ottomans, who were bitter rivals of the Safavid dynasty, though the castle still remained under the control of Ismail I. One year the Ottomans under the leadership of Selim I besieged the city anew and annexed it in 1517.
During this time, Mardin was administered by a governor directly appointed under the Ottoman Sultan's authority. The city experienced a tranquil period under Ottoman rule, without any significant conflicts or plights; this period of peace was halted when the Ottoman Empire came into conflict with the Khedivate of Egypt. During this time the city came under the rule of insurgents associated with the Milli clan. Between 1847 and 1865 the city's population suffered from a notable cholera epidemic, with the exact number of fatalities not known. During World War I Mardin was one of the sites affected by the Armenian Genocide. On the eve of World War I, Mardin was home over 7,500 Armenians. During the armed conflicts and plights caused by the war, many were sent to the camps of Ras al-'Ayn, though some managed to escape to the Sinjar Mountain with help from local Chechens. Kurds and Arabs of Mardin refer to these events as "fırman", while Syriacs call it "seyfo". After the Armistice of Mudros Mardin was one of the Turkish cities, not occupied by the troops of the Allied Powers.
In 1923, with the founding of the Republic of Turkey, Mardin was made the administrative capital of a province named after it. Many Assyrian survivors of the violence on left Mardin for nearby Qamishli in the 1940s after their conscription in the Turkish military became compulsory. Through a passed law in 2012 Mardin became a metropolitan municipality, which took office after the Turkish local elections in 2014. After the last local election, an Assyrian Syriac Orthodox female, Februniye Akyol, is serving as co-mayor of the town. A bishopric of the Assyrian Church of the East was centred on the town when it was part of the Roman province of Assyria, it was a suffragan see of Edessa, the provincial metropolitan see. It became part of the Catholic Church in the late 17th century AD following a breakaway from the Assyrian Church, is the seat of three sees of the Catholic Church: the current Chaldean Catholic Eparchy of Mardin and two titular sees under the ancient name of the town: former Armenian Catholic Archeparchy of Mardin, now Titular see of Mardin only, former Syriac Catholic Eparchy of
Mérida is the capital of the autonomous community of Extremadura, western central Spain. The population is 60,119 in 2017; the Augusta Emerita has been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1993. Mérida has been populated since prehistoric times as demonstrated by a prestigious hoard of gold jewellery, excavated from a girl's grave in 1870. Consisting of two penannular bracelets, an armlet and a chain of six spiral wire rings, it is now preserved at the British Museum; the town was founded in 25 BC, with the name of Emerita Augusta by order of Emperor Augustus, to protect a pass and a bridge over the Guadiana river. Emerita Augusta was one of the ends of the Vía de la Plata, a strategic Roman Route between the gold mines around Asturica Augusta and the most important Roman city in the Iberian Peninsula; the city became the capital of Lusitania province, one of the most important cities in the Roman Empire. Mérida preserves more important ancient Roman monuments than any other city in Spain, including a triumphal arch and a theatre.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, during the Visigothic period, the city maintained much of its splendor under the 6th-century domination of the bishops, when it was the capital of Hispania. In 713 it was conquered by the Muslim army under Musa bin Nusair, became the capital of the cora of Mérida. During the fitna of al-Andalus, Merida fell in the newly established Taifa of Badajoz; the city was brought under Christian rule in 1230, when it was conquered by Alfonso IX of León, subsequently became the seat of the priory of San Marcos de León of the Order of Santiago. A period of recovery started for Mérida after the unification of the crowns of Aragon and Castile, thanks to the support of Alonso de Cárdenas, Grand Master of the Order. In 1720 the city became the capital of the Intendencia of Mérida, it is on the Via de la Plata path of the Camino de Santiago as an alternative to the French Way. In the 19th century, in the course of the Napoleonic invasion, numerous monuments of Mérida and of Extremadura were destroyed or damaged.
The city became a railway hub and underwent massive industrialization. On 10 August, 1936, during the Spanish Civil War, the Battle of Mérida saw Nationalists gain control of the city. Mérida has a Mediterranean climate with Atlantic influences, due to the proximity of the Portuguese coast; the winters are mild, with minimum temperature below 0 °C, summers are hot with maximum temperatures exceeding 40 °C. Precipitation is between 450 to 500 mm annually; the months with most rainfall are December. Summers are dry, in Mérida, as in the rest of southern Spain, cycles of drought are common, ranging in duration from 2 to 5 years. In autumn the climate is more changeable than in the rest of the year. Storms occur with some frequency, but the weather is dry. Both humidity and winds are low. However, there is frequent fog in the central months of autumn and winter. Among the remaining Roman monuments are: The Puente Romano, a bridge over the Guadiana River, still used by pedestrians, the longest of all existing Roman bridges.
Annexed is a fortification, built by the Muslim emir Abd ar-Rahman II in 835 on the Roman walls and Roman-Visigothic edifices in the area. The court houses Roman mosaics. Remains of the Forum, including the Temple of Diana, of the Roman Provincial Forum, including the so-called Arch of Trajan remains of the Circus Maximus, one of the best preserved Roman circus buildings Acueducto de los Milagros patrician villa called the Villa Mitreo, with precious mosaic pavements Proserpina Dam and Cornalvo Dam, two Roman reservoirs still in use the Amphitheatre, the Roman theatre, where a summer festival of Classical theatre is presented with versions of Greco-Roman classics or modern plays set in ancient times. Morerías archaeological site Museo Nacional de Arte Romano designed by Rafael Moneo Church of Santa Eulalia, dating to the 4th century but rebuilt in the 13th century, its portico reuses parts of an ancient temple of Mars. Other sights include: Cathedral of Saint Mary Major Renaissance Ayuntamiento Church of Santa Clara Gothic church of Nuestra Señora de la Antigua Baroque church of Nuestra Señora del Carmen Several notable buildings were built more including the Escuela de la Administración Pública, the Consejerías y Asamblea de Junta de Extremadura, the Agencía de la Vivienda de Extremadura, the Biblioteca del Estado, the Palacio de Congresos y Exposiciones, the Factoría de Ocio y Creación Joven, the Complejo Cultural Hernán Cortés, the Ciudad Deportiva, the Universidad de Mérida, the Confederación Hidrografica del Guadiana, the Lusitania Bridge over the Guadiana River designed by Santiago Calatrava), the Palacio de Justicia, etc.
Mérida AD is the principal football team of the city, founded in 2013 as a successor to Mérida UD, which itself was a successor to CP Mérida. The last of these teams played two seasons in Spain's to
Princess Merida of DunBroch is the main character from the 2012 Disney Pixar film Brave. Merida was added to the Disney Princess line-up as the 11th princess and the first Pixar character to receive the honor on May 11, 2013. Merida is the main character of the games Brave and Temple Run: Brave. Merida is a playable character in the Disney Infinity series, first appearing in Disney Infinity 2.0. The brainchild of original director, Brenda Chapman, Merida is Pixar's first female lead. Overall Merida has received good reports from critics, some saying she is "a breath of fresh air among the princesses, from a culture Disney has not yet explored, she is a good role model for girls who want to do it. Merida is no damsel in distress and isn't haughty; the people of Scotland have to accept Merida." Princess Merida is the 16-year-old daughter of King Fergus and Queen Elinor, who rule their Scottish kingdom. Queen Elinor's traditional expectations that Merida take a husband and become a proper royal lady come into conflict with the single-minded and impetuous Merida's insistence that she controls her own destiny.
Merida has perfected her skill in archery, is one of the most skilled archers in the kingdom. She is incredibly skilled in spears, sword-fighting and racing across the countryside on Angus, her Shire horse. Despite her outgoing, forceful personality, Merida does have a softness of heart when it comes to her younger triplet brothers, Harris and Hamish, she is pampered but in no way spoiled, though she argues with her mother, Merida does love her parents. The DunBroch, MacGuffin and Dingwall clans were once enemies locked in constant war; when Roman soldiers and Northern invaders threatened them from the seas, the four clans joined together under the sword of Fergus to defend their lands. The clans formed the Kingdom of DunBroch; the clan leaders of Macintosh, MacGuffin and Dingwall became their feudal lordships of the kingdom. Merida is voiced by actress Kelly Macdonald. Macdonald was hired to replace Reese Witherspoon, the actress cast in the role. Two of the songs in the movie, "Touch the Sky" and "Into The Open Air", were sung by Julie Fowlis, as Merida's off-screen musical thoughts.
Brave has been dubbed into 47 languages overall. Four of these dubs were released than 2012 directly on Disney Channel. Just as Kelly Macdonald is from Scotland, some of Merida's dubbers have unique backgrounds. Hiromi Hayakawa was Mexican-Japanese, Bérénice Bejo is Argentinian and Daniela Ruah was born in the U. S. Marilou Bourdon and Bảo Thy are the solists singing "Touch the sky" and "Into the open air". Since its first release, some local TV stations and studios have been dubbing the movie in their local languages, creating some unofficial dubs. Namely: Albanian, Armenian, Persian and Tagalog. Merida has long, curly, red hair, blue eyes, pale skin and a slender body, her main outfit is a dark teal traditional gown, made of cotton, with stylish slits for movement during archery. When the Lords arrive for the games, she is dressed in a Medieval-style turquoise silk gown with long arms, gold trimmings, gold beading, teamed with a white wimple to hold in her hair, she appears in scenes wearing a navy/black cape with a gold buckle.
Merida's bow is slung onto her back, over her shoulder, with arrows in a brown leather quiver around her waist. In the final scene, Merida is seen wearing a dark blue gown with light green patterns. In Brave, Merida lives in the mystical Scottish kingdom of DunBroch with her mother, Queen Elinor, her father, King Fergus, her mischievous triplet brothers, Hamish and Harris. Elinor attempts to convince Merida to be a perfect princess. However, Merida enjoys riding through the Highlands on her horse and practicing archery and swordplay. One evening, Merida discovers that the king's allied clan lords are presenting their sons as suitors for her hand in marriage; the lords arrive with their sons. Merida chooses archery to win her freedom. After she wins the competition herself, Elinor forewarns Merida that feuding set right, but Merida leaves and encounters a wil-o-the wisp. A trail of them soon lead her to a witch's cottage. Merida asks the witch for a spell to change her fate; the witch gives Merida a spell cake and she gives it to Elinor, but it transforms her into a black bear.
Merida gets Elinor out of the castle. Merida and Elinor, who still retains most of her human senses, arrive at the witch's cottage, where the witch leaves a message in her cauldron, saying that the spell will be permanent by the second sunrise unless she "mends the bond torn by pride." The next day and her mother bond together as they help each other look for food. After they do so, Merida gets attacked by a bear which looks identical to her mother but discovers that the bear is her mother herself. A trail of wisps appear and they lead them to the ruins of an ancient castle, where Merida discovers that the prince in her mother's story was the same one who received a similar spell from the witch; the wicked prince had become the dreaded demon bear Mor'du. Mor'du attacks Merida but Elinor saves her and they escape. Merida convinces her mother that if they don't break the spell, she'll become a wild bear forever like Mor'du. Merida reali