Shirley, New Zealand
Shirley, sometimes referred to as Windsor, is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, about 5 kilometres north-east of the city centre. The area was used for farming from the 1850s, subdivision started in the early 20th century, with most of the houses being built between 1950 and 1980; the suburb spreads across wholly flat land which before the arrival of the first European colonists in the 1850s consisted of streams running into marshland between weathered and grassy sand dunes. Sheep and dairy cattle began to be grazed on the land within a few years of the colonists' arrival, the area being part of the Sandhills station. Land began to be bought by families of small farmers from 1863 onwards, during the rest of the 19th century the future suburb was a district of market gardens, dairy farms and small grazing farms divided by hedgerows. A farmhouse and stables could be found along the roads every few hundred metres; as more and more land was drained it was highly productive. One large estate was established by the wealthy Rhodes family who chose not to live on the land but instead resided in a large mansion in Merivale.
Their estate in the district was run by overseers. The district's settlers were English and Scottish, but some Irish families settled, as well as – in the 1870s – a significant group of Poles from eastern Germany. A small village of shops and one or two churches had begun to grow up by that time along what would become known as Shirley Road. Most of the housing in Shirley was built between 1950 and 1980. A large block of state housing, known as the Emmett Block, developed on the western side of the suburb during the immediate postwar years. On the eastern side the housing was built by private developers, among others Paramount Homes; the standard house built by developers was a one-storey bungalow of three or four bedrooms under a low roof in streets that sometimes followed the course of old streams, meandered in various artificial crescents, or else ended in cul-de-sacs. The socio-economic level of the suburb as a whole has always been near the average for the suburbs of Christchurch; the poorest streets are in the Emmett Block.
The most expensive streets tend to be towards the north of the suburb or in a cluster near Dudley Stream. The suburb was given its name by a property developing family. Susannah Buxton was married to John Buxton. On her deathbed in 1868, she asked her son, Joseph Shirley Buxton, to gift land to the Methodists to build a church, her wish was carried out and the Shirley Methodist Church was named after her. The suburb became known as Shirley after the church. Subdivision started in the early 20th century; the name changed to Windsor, until it was discussed at a meeting at the Windsor Wesleyan School that land agents indicated land sold better if the locality was called Shirley instead of Windsor. Windsor thus went out of fashion as the name of the suburb, but it lives on in names like Windsor Golf Club, Windsor Service Station, Windsor House, Windsor School; the suburb now includes one of the largest shopping malls in Christchurch, called The Palms Shopping Centre, together with the Shirley Golf Course and Bunnings Homebase.
Shirley Boys' High School opened in September 1957. The former primary school was converted to a community centre; the building was listed as a Category II heritage structure with Heritage New Zealand and was badly damaged in the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. It has since been demolished
Papanui is a major suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand. It is situated five kilometers to the northwest of the city centre. Papanui is a middle socio-economic area with a population of 3,543 consisting predominantly of Pākehā 92.3%, Māori 5.7%, Pacific peoples 2.5%, Asian 5.0%, Middle Eastern/Latin American/African 0.5%. The suburb is located at the junction of three busy thoroughfares. However, as with most Christchurch suburbs, Papanui has no defined borders. Christchurch is internationally known as the "Garden City" and Papanui is a fine example of the city's gardening prowess; the city has warm summers and cool winters, is the gateway to Mount Hutt and other Southern Alps ski-fields, to whale watching in Kaikoura. The Māori name Papanui translated means'Big plain', a name which would aptly suit most of central Christchurch, one of New Zealand's flattest cities. Another meaning applicable to the district in the early days, is a platform set in the branches of a tree to accommodate a bird-spearer.
A third meaning for the word Papanui refers to a large funeral pyre. According to the legend, Tuhaitara, a Ngāi Tahu princess, sent her eldest son, Tamarairoa to Papanui to kill her former husband Marukore, but Marukore was aware of his sons intentions and when Tamarairoa and his younger brother arrived Marukore killed them both and burnt their bodies on a huge pyre. Over the last 160 years Papanui has developed into a major suburban centre and is a satellite centre for Government and City Council services; these include the central government'Super Centre' in Winstone Avenue, Housing New Zealand in Restell Street and the Council Service Centre and Library on Langdons Road. The area has five primary schools. Commercial growth has been strong with most of the Trades and Professions centred on the shopping areas. There is little farm land left in the suburb with most of it having been developed into residential and commercial properties; the original Papanui shopping village is located at the Papanui Junction and the area is home to Northlands Shopping Centre on the Main North Road, one of the largest malls in the South Island.
Papanui's location in the north western area of the city saved it from the worst of the liquefaction, suffered by the eastern and southern areas. The Papanui Building at 1 Main North Road was damaged by the first two main earthquakes and demolition commenced on 23 February 2011, the day after the second earthquake. All of the churches in the area were damaged to some extent; the St Paul's Vicarage was badly damaged and has been demolished. St Paul's Anglican Church is still under repair with the scaffolding now being removed from the bell tower. A source close to the parish says it will reopen in September 2013. St Giles Presbyterian Church was un-repairable and has been demolished. Only the parish centre now remains there; the status of St Joseph's Catholic Church and the Papanui North Methodist Church repair or demolition has still not been resolved. The Sanitarium factory was significantly damaged and although production was halted for a while it is online with repairs being made. Many of the older shops in the Papanui Village were damaged and demolished.
It is pleasing to see the new buildings replacing the old broken ones. There are numerous reserves and parks within the suburban boundaries, the two most notable of these are as follow: The Papanui Domain sited on Sawyers Arms Road where the Papanui Bush was clear felled in the 1850s, it is predominantly used for rugby league and softball, with the rugby league clubrooms adjoining on the southern boundary. In the early days it was used for cycle racing. St James Park, most named after its road frontage, is predominantly used for croquet and soccer, it is one of the most beautiful parks in the city with tree lined walkways and gardens. The park in the heart of Papanui is the best location to see over-wintering monarch butterflies. On a warm sunny late autumn or early winter's day head to the children's play ground and look into the leafless old trees. There you will see monarchs clustering together holding on to the remaining leaves for support, it ís a great spot for a picnic beneath the trees with monarchs fluttering in the air above.
Before European settlement Papanui, like much of Christchurch, was marshy ground covered with native flax and raupō brush. There was an abundance of forest birds, it is believed in 1800 as many as 5000 Māori lived in Canterbury, but from disease like measles and influenza, introduced through the early whaling settlements on Banks Peninsula, through tribal wars the number had fallen to around 500 in 1840. While most of the plains in the South Island of New Zealand were deforested by either the Māori or the so-called moa hunters in the mid-1300s, Papanui Bush was one of the few stands of pine and totara left in the Canterbury region at the time of European colonisation; the Canterbury Association's surveyor Captain Joseph Thomas and his team of surveyors arrived in Lyttelton on 15 December 1848 on the ship Fly. They began to survey the Port Hills and Canterbury Plains around what would become Christchurch and its suburbs; as chief agent for the association Thomas was responsible for preparing the infrastructure for the arrival of the first settlers at Lyttelton in December 1850.
The First Four Ships, Charlotte J
Aranui is one of the eastern suburbs of Christchurch. It is a lower socio-economic area; the area is predominantly residential with pockets of light industry. There is a cluster of shops and service facilities at the intersection of Breezes Road and Pages Road. Aranui is a Māori word, with ara meaning nui meaning great. Part of the area was called Flemington, named after the hairdresser and tobacconist Jubal Fleming. Fleming had a subdivision at the corner of Breezes and Pages Roads, the tram stop on Breezes Road was informally called Flemington; the post office was established in 1912 and it was named Aranui by George Kyngdon Burton, with that name applied to the wider area. Mabel Howard, New Zealand's first woman cabinet minister, was once a resident in the area. Aranui is one of the eastern suburbs, its eastern boundary is the Avon River. Boundary roads are Pages Road in the south, Breezes Road in the west, Wainoni Road in the north. Bexley is located to the south of Pages Road. Aranui and its neighbouring suburb of Wainoni are considered together.
For example, Wainoni School and Wainoni Park are located in Aranui, Aranui High School is located in Wainoni. Christchurch City Council publishes a combined community profile for the two suburbs. Aranui School is a primary school located on Breezes Road. St James School is a primary school located on Rowan Avenue. Wainoni School is a primary school located on Eureka Street. Aranui School, Avondale School in the adjacent suburb of Avondale, Wainoni School and Aranui High School will merge to become a Year 1–13 composite school on the Aranui High site in January 2017
St Albans, New Zealand
St Albans is one of the largest suburbs of Christchurch, New Zealand. It lies some two kilometres north of the Christchurch Central Business District. To the east of St Albans is Shirley and to the west is Merivale; the suburb falls within the Christchurch Central electorate and is represented by Duncan Webb, the MP since the general election of 2017. A working-class settlement, St Albans was a separate borough from 1881 until 1903 when it became part of Christchurch City. St Albans was named after George Dickinson's farm, he had called his farm St Albans in memory of his cousin Harriet Mellon, an actress, who had become the Duchess of St Albans. The St Albans borough boundaries are: Mays Road in the north, Hills Road in the east, Bealey Avenue to the south, Rossall Street to the west; the hub of St Albans is Edgeware Village on Edgeware Road which contains a small number of well-supported shops. The suburb contains four schools, St Albans Primary School, St Albans Catholic School, Mairehau Primary School, St Francis of Assisi.
The three main parks in the suburb are St Albans Park, Abberley Park, Malvern Park. Sports facilities include Canterbury United Football Club's stadium, English Park, Rugby Park, the home of the Crusaders professional rugby union team. St Albans is known for its sense of cohesiveness and community spirit; this has manifested itself in the local monthly paper, the St Albans Neighbourhood News, first published by a group of local residents in 1993 and is still going to this day. Distributed to 5,000 homes and businesses, the paper has been expanded to fill 16 pages. Over the years it has been central in numerous community-related issues including local planning, Packe Street Park, the Edgeware Road Tragedy, the closure of Edgeware swimming pool. After the community regained control of the site, it was announced that the pool would be rebuilt with a generous donation from a local resident; the suburb escaped severe damage in the 2010 Canterbury earthquake. Many chimneys came down but only a few complete houses were affected.
In the 22 February 2011 earthquake, the suburb was hit hard. Many houses and shops were damaged with a lot ending up demolished. In July 2011, the demolition of the former library, which houses the community centre, was ordered by the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority. By 2014 the extent of the damage to drainage systems and lowered ground levels had become apparent, with the regular flooding of a series of streets known as the Flockton Basin. Hugh Acland, prominent surgeon and owner of Chippenham John Evans Brown, first MP for St Albans, after whom Browns Rd is named, resident at Chippenham Wizard of New Zealand, lived in the suburb until his Cranford Street home was destroyed by fire in September 2003 St Albans Community Centre
Aidanfield is a suburb in the south-west of Christchurch, New Zealand, about 8 kilometres from the city centre. The land, owned by the Good Shepherd Sisters since 1886, now incorporates the Mount Magdala Institute and the St John of God Chapel, which has a Category I heritage listing by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust; the first residents moved into the suburb in 2002. The developer caused controversy in 2007–2008 by applying to have a group of farm buildings demolished to allow for further subdivision. Christchurch City Council was criticised for approving the demolition despite the buildings having had a heritage listing in the Christchurch City Plan. Aidanfield is located between Halswell Road, Dunbars Road, the Christchurch Southern Motorway, the Canterbury Agricultural Park and Templetons Road; the centre of Aidanfield is about 8 kilometres from Christchurch city centre. Father Laurence Ginaty established the Mount Magdala Institute in 1886 to provide a home for women and girls, it developed into an institution caring for women released from prison, "unruly girls".
Numerous buildings were constructed, at its peak in the 1930s, 500 people lived on the complex. The St John of God Chapel, designed by Sidney and Alfred Luttrell and now listed as a Category I heritage structure by Heritage New Zealand, was completed in 1912; the Catholic order owned all the land around Mount Magdala, decided to develop most of it as a subdivision to provide them with financial support. The Press first reported in mid-2000 on the subdivision plans; the suburb is named after Mother Aidan Phelan, the Superior at Mount Magdala from 1907 to 1920 and again from 1929 to 1936. Mother Aidan was herself named after the Irish saint Aidan of Lindisfarne; the name Aidanfield was approved on 31 January 2001. The first residents moved into Aidanfield in 2002, by 2011 some 400 sections had been built on; the 2006 New Zealand census reported 1320 residents in the Aidanfield area unit. Statistics New Zealand have estimated the suburb's 2010 population at 2400 residents; the subdivision developer caused controversy in 2007 after applying to have four of the five historic Madgala Farm buildings demolished to make way for further subdivision.
Although the buildings were protected in the Christchurch City Council District Plan, councillors voted eight to four in favour of granting demolition consent. Staff advice to councillors had been that the "farm buildings in their current form have high regional and moderate national heritage significance and therefore should be considered with the Deans’ farm buildings to be the most significant heritage farm buildings remaining in Christchurch." The consent was appealed by Environment Canterbury and the Halswell Residents' Association to the Environment Court, with the New Zealand Historic Places Trust as a supporting party, but the demolition went ahead. The Halswell Residential College is a school for boys with learning difficulties, from years 7 to 10. Located on Mount Magdala land, the school had a roll of 74 in 2011 and is decile 2. Since the 2011 Christchurch earthquake, Discovery 1 School and Unlimited Paenga Tawhiti have been using the campus of this school, as they were displaced from the central city.
UPT will move to Ilam in 2013, whilst Discovery 1 will remain at the Halswell Residential College. Aidanfield Christian School is a state-integrated school for years 1 to 10. On Mount Magdala land, it had a roll of 169 in 2011 and is decile 7. There are no shopping facilities in Aidanfield. Information about Mount Magdala
Deptford, an area on the south bank of the River Thames in south-east London, is named after a ford of the River Ravensbourne. From the mid 16th century to the late 19th it was home to Deptford Dockyard, the first of the Royal Dockyards; this attracted Peter the Great to come and study shipbuilding. Deptford and the docks are associated with the knighting of Sir Francis Drake by Queen Elizabeth I aboard the Golden Hind, the legend of Sir Walter Raleigh laying down his cape for Elizabeth, Captain James Cook's third voyage aboard Resolution, the mysterious murder of Christopher Marlowe in a house along Deptford Strand. Though Deptford began as two small communities, one at the ford, the other a fishing village on the Thames, Deptford's history and population has been associated with the docks established by Henry VIII; the two communities flourished. The area declined as first the Royal Navy moved out, the commercial docks themselves declined until the last dock, Convoys Wharf, closed in 2000.
A Metropolitan Borough of Deptford was formed in 1900. Deptford began life as a ford of the Ravensbourne along the route of the Celtic trackway, paved by the Romans and developed into the medieval Watling Street; the modern name is a corruption of "deep ford". Deptford was part of the pilgrimage route from London to Canterbury used by the pilgrims in Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, is mentioned in the Prologue to the "Reeve's Tale"; the ford developed into first a wooden a stone bridge, in 1497 saw the Battle of Deptford Bridge, in which rebels from Cornwall, led by Michael An Gof, marched on London protesting against punitive taxes, but were soundly beaten by the King's forces. A second settlement, Deptford Strand, developed as a modest fishing village on the Thames until Henry VIII used that site for a royal dock repairing and supplying ships, after which it grew in size and importance, shipbuilding remaining in operation until March 1869. Trinity House, the organisation concerned with the safety of navigation around the British Isles, was formed in Deptford in 1514, with its first Master being Thomas Spert, captain of the Mary Rose.
It moved to Stepney in 1618. The name "Trinity House" derives from the church of Holy Trinity and St Clement, which adjoined the dockyard. Separated by market gardens and fields, the two areas merged over the years, with the docks becoming an important part of the Elizabethan exploration. Queen Elizabeth I visited; as well as for exploration, Deptford was important for trade - the Honourable East India Company had a yard in Deptford from 1607 until late in the 17th century taken over by the General Steam Navigation Company. It was connected with the slave trade, John Hawkins using it as a base for his operations, Olaudah Equiano, the slave who became an important part of the abolition of the slave trade, was sold from one ship's captain to another in Deptford around 1760. Diarist John Evelyn lived in Deptford at Sayes Court from 1652. Evelyn inherited the house when he married the daughter of Sir Richard Browne in 1652. On his return to England at the Restoration, Evelyn laid out meticulously planned gardens in the French style, of hedges and parterres.
In its grounds was a cottage at one time rented by master woodcarver Grinling Gibbons. After Evelyn had moved to Surrey in 1694, Russian Tsar Peter the Great studied shipbuilding for three months in 1698, he and some of his fellow Russians stayed at the manor house of Deptford. Evelyn was angered at the antics of the Tsar, who got drunk with his friends and, using a wheelbarrow with Peter in it, rammed their way through a fine holly hedge. Sayes Court was demolished in a workhouse built on its site. Part of the estates around Sayes Court were purchased in 1742 for the building of the Navy Victualling Yard, renamed the Royal Victoria Victualing Yard in 1858 after a visit by Queen Victoria; this massive facility included warehouses, a bakery, a cattleyard/abattoir and sugar stores, closed in 1961. All that remains is the name of Sayes Court Park, accessed from Sayes Court Street off Evelyn Street, not far from Deptford High Street; the Pepys Estate, opened on 13 July 1966, is on the former grounds of the Victualing Yard.
The Docks had been declining from the 18th century. When the Napoleonic Wars ended in 1815 the need for a Docks to build and repair warships declined. From 1871 until the First World War the shipyard site was the City of London Corporation's Foreign Cattle Market, in which girls and women butchered sheep and cattle until the early part of the 20th century. At its peak, around 1907, over 234,000 animals were imported annually through the market, but by 1912 these figures had declined to less than 40,000 a year; the yard was taken over by the War Office in 1914, was an Army Supply Reserve Depot in the First and Second World Wars. The site lay unused until being purchased by Convoys in 1984, came into the ownership of News International. In the mid-1990s, although significant inve