Merkwiller-Pechelbronn

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Merkwiller-Pechelbronn
Coat of arms of Merkwiller-Pechelbronn
Coat of arms
Location of Merkwiller-Pechelbronn
Merkwiller-Pechelbronn is located in France
Merkwiller-Pechelbronn
Merkwiller-Pechelbronn
Merkwiller-Pechelbronn is located in Grand Est
Merkwiller-Pechelbronn
Merkwiller-Pechelbronn
Coordinates: 48°56′N 7°50′E / 48.94°N 7.83°E / 48.94; 7.83Coordinates: 48°56′N 7°50′E / 48.94°N 7.83°E / 48.94; 7.83
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentBas-Rhin
ArrondissementHaguenau-Wissembourg
CantonReichshoffen
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Paul Schiellein
Area
1
3.76 km2 (1.45 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
933
 • Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
67290 /67250
Elevation153–199 m (502–653 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Merkwiller-Pechelbronn (German: Merkweiler-Pechelbronn) is a commune in the Bas-Rhin department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.

It is notable as the original home of oil sands mining.

Oil sands were mined from 1745 in Merkwiller-Pechelbronn,[2] initially under the direction of Louis Pierre Ancillon de la Sablonnière, by special appointment of Louis XV; the Pechelbronn oil field was active until 1970, and was the birthplace of companies such as Antar and Schlumberger. The first modern oil sands refinery was built there in 1857; and it also had the first school of oil technology.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "The oil wells of Alsace; a discovery made more than a century ago. What a Pennsylvania operator saw abroad--primitive methods of obtaining oil--the process similar to that used in coal mining" (PDF). New York Times. 23 February 1880.
  3. ^ "History of Pechelbronn oil" Archived 2009-07-25 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]