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Merom Golan

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Merom Golan
מְרוֹם גּוֹלָן
PikiWiki Israel 20164 Dining house in Kibbutz Merom Golan.JPG
Merom Golan is located in the Golan Heights
Merom Golan
Merom Golan
Coordinates: 33°08′00″N 35°46′33″E / 33.13333°N 35.77583°E / 33.13333; 35.77583Coordinates: 33°08′00″N 35°46′33″E / 33.13333°N 35.77583°E / 33.13333; 35.77583
District Northern
Council Golan
Region Golan Heights
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 14 July 1967
Population (2016)[1] 701
Website merom-golan.org.il

Merom Golan (Hebrew: מְרוֹם גּוֹלָן‬) is an Israeli settlement and kibbutz in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights. It is located at the bottom of the volcanic crater[2] of Mount Bental. The settlement falls under the jurisdiction of Golan Regional Council. In 2016, it had a population of 701.[1]

The international community considers Israeli settlements in the Golan Heights illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this.[3]

History

Kibbutz Golan (later Merom Golan) was established on 14 July 1967 with funds from the Upper Galilee Regional Council on the site of the abandoned military camp of Aleika.[4]

The kibbutz had the lowest temperature ever recorded by an Israeli weather station: -14.2° C. The previous record was -13.7C in the Beit Netofa Valley.[5]

Geography

Climate

Climate data for Merom Golan (Temperature: 1995–2010, Precipitation: 1980-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
22.0
(71.6)
29.7
(85.5)
33.3
(91.9)
38.2
(100.8)
38.0
(100.4)
40.8
(105.4)
41.4
(106.5)
38.3
(100.9)
35.1
(95.2)
28.6
(83.5)
24.2
(75.6)
41.4
(106.5)
Average high °C (°F) 9.9
(49.8)
11.0
(51.8)
14.5
(58.1)
18.8
(65.8)
24.5
(76.1)
27.7
(81.9)
29.2
(84.6)
29.4
(84.9)
27.7
(81.9)
24.1
(75.4)
17.5
(63.5)
12.3
(54.1)
20.6
(69)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
6.5
(43.7)
9.3
(48.7)
12.8
(55)
17.2
(63)
20.7
(69.3)
23.1
(73.6)
23.1
(73.6)
20.9
(69.6)
17.5
(63.5)
11.8
(53.2)
7.9
(46.2)
14.7
(58.5)
Average low °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
2.0
(35.6)
4.1
(39.4)
6.8
(44.2)
10.0
(50)
13.8
(56.8)
17.0
(62.6)
16.8
(62.2)
14.1
(57.4)
10.9
(51.6)
6.1
(43)
3.4
(38.1)
8.9
(48)
Record low °C (°F) −14.2
(6.4)
−12.5
(9.5)
−6.7
(19.9)
−4.5
(23.9)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.0
(39.2)
7.7
(45.9)
6.7
(44.1)
3.4
(38.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
−6.1
(21)
−8.8
(16.2)
−14.2
(6.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 201
(7.91)
196
(7.72)
115
(4.53)
40
(1.57)
9.1
(0.358)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.9
(0.075)
22
(0.87)
86
(3.39)
159
(6.26)
830
(32.683)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 13 13 10 5 2.0 0.5 0.1 0 0.7 5 8 11 68.3
Average relative humidity (%) 80 79 73 64 57 57 60 67 65 62 69 78 68
Source: Israel Meteorological Service[6][7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ http://www.israel-tours-hotel.com/israel/details_site_tiyol.php?ts_id=25
  3. ^ "The Geneva Convention". BBC. 10 December 2009. 
  4. ^ 1967 Israel, the War and the Year that Transformed the Middle east by Tom Segev p.574-575
  5. ^ "Golan sees record low temperatures during storm". The Times of Israel. 12 January 2015. Kibbutz Merom Golan on the Golan Heights experienced temperatures of -14.2° C [...] The previous low was reached in February 1950 in the Beit Netofa valley. [...] The Golan Heights were not a part of Israel at that time, and their higher altitude likely would have earned them the original record too. 
  6. ^ "Temperature average". Israel Meteorological Service. Archived from the original on 2013-06-18. Retrieved December 2011.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)(in Hebrew)
  7. ^ "Precipitation average". Archived from the original on 25 September 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011. (in Hebrew)

External links