Amesbury is a city in Essex County, located on the left bank of the Merrimack River near its mouth, upstream from Salisbury and across the river from Newburyport and West Newbury. The population was 16,283 at the 2010 census. A former farming and mill town, Amesbury is today residential, it is one of the two northernmost towns in Massachusetts. In 1637 the first English settler in the Salisbury-Amesbury region, Zachary Davis, crossed the Merrimack River from the new settlement at Newbury, built a log cabin, began to clear the land for cultivation, he intended to send to England for his wife and children. He and his hired man, William Schooler, were arrested shortly for a murder; the latter was hanged for it. Bayly was acquitted. Given the fishing rights on the river by the subsequent settlement, provided he would sell only to it, he abandoned agriculture for fishing. On September 6, 1638, the General Court of Massachusetts created a plantation on behalf of several petitioners from Newbury, on the left bank of the Merrimack, as far north as Hampton, to be called Merrimac.
They were given permission to associate together as a township. Middens of shells and arrowheads marked the former locations of native villages, they had fallen victim to smallpox. The area remained in possession of the tribes along the Merrimack, who fished there; the settlers formed a militia to counteract the possible threat of conflict. One abundant site of middens at the top of a hill, from which a river cascaded, was called by the settlers Powawus, from the native congress believed to have been held there, the river, the Powawus River; the hill is part of the left bank of the Merrimack and the river originates in New Hampshire. Today this cascade, sometimes called falls, remains sunken in an urban environment, from which it tends to collect debris; the settlers of the plantation, who entered Massachusetts Bay Colony through Newbury, were rebels in a cause shortly to be settled by the English Civil War. Although nominally subjects of the crown, they did not in any way obey it, they did maintain close ties with the Parliamentary cause in Britain.
The supreme government of the colony was the General Court, which functioned autonomously, passing its own laws, establishing courts, incorporating townships, assuming the power of life and death over its colonists and providing for the overall defense of the colony. They established a Puritan church rather than the Church of England, enforcing this establishment with severe penalties. In the early spring of 1639 about 60 planters took up residence on land cleared by the natives. In May an elected planning committee of five laid out the green, the initial streets, the burial ground, the first division into lots, apportioning the size of a lot to the wealth of the settler. On September 4 the General Court named the town Colchester, but in October changed the name to Salisbury at the instigation of Christopher Batt, from Salisbury, England. A soldier, he trained the first militia. In November the General Court appointed a government of six, which required that every lot owner take up residence on his lot.
They began to assign lots west of the Pow-wow river. On October 7, 1640, the General Court incorporated Salisbury; the original Salisbury was many times larger than the present. From it several townships were separated. On January 12, 1641, a town meeting ordered the first roads north and west of the Pow-wow to be laid out. On April 21 another meeting granted to William Osgood 50 acres of "upland" and 10 of "meadow" along the Pow-wow provided he build the town's first sawmill, it utilized a water wheel driven by the Pow-wow. The mill produced lumber for local use, but pipe-staves for export. In these times before the separation of Newburyport and the opening of Newburyport Harbor by dredging a new channel, the export route ran down the Pow-Pow, across the Merrimack on a ferry where the public landing now is, over Ferry Road abandoned as Old Ferry Road, along what is now High Street, Newburyport, to the docks of the Parker River near Lower Green, Newbury. A gristmill was added to the Pow-wow river location in 1642.
The 90-foot drop of the Powwow River provided water power for a subsequent mill complex. In 1642 the town ordered 30 families to take up residence west of the Pow-wow and form a "New Town." No volunteers responded. However, this date, the first legal recognition of a municipal entity on the site of Amesbury, is termed its "settlement" by many sources. On May 10, 1643, the General Court divided Massachusetts Bay Colony into four shires: Essex, Norfolk and Suffolk; the choice of these names was etymologic relative to Boston. Norfolk contained Salisbury, Haverhill, Exeter and Strawberry Bank, none of which had the borders they have now; this division was a legal convenience based on the distribution of courts. Since the first establishment of four courts on March 3, 1635, the General Court had found it necessary to multiply and distribute courts, so that the magistrates would not spend time in travel that they needed for settling case loads; the main requirement for membership in a shire was incorporation.
Private occupation of the west bank of the Pow-wow went on as East Salisbury citizens sold their property and moved to New Town. However, New Town remained a paper construct without enforcement. On January 14, 1654, articles of agreement adopted at town meeting divided Salisbury into Old
Newbury is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, USA. The population was 6,666 at the 2010 census. Newbury includes the villages of Plum Island and Byfield; each village is a precinct with its own voting district, various town offices, business center. Newbury Plantation was settled and incorporated in 1635; the Rev. Thomas Parker and cousin Rev. James Noyes, along with the latter's brother Nicholas, led a group of about 100 pioneers from Wiltshire, England, they sailed from the River Thames aboard the ship Mary and John, first landing in Agawam in 1634. They arrived the next spring at the Quascacunquen River, now the Parker River. A commemorative stone marks the spot where Nicholas Noyes was the first of the new settlers to leap ashore at Newbury, named after the town in Berkshire, England; the site had once been a village of the Pawtucket Indians, who hunted, farmed. Many settlers would do the same. In 1791, 3,000 head of cattle grazed town lands, or on the region's abundant salt marsh hay. Other trades included shipbuilding.
Newbury included Newburyport, set off in 1764, West Newbury, set off in 1819. Quascancunquen means "waterfall," referring to the falls in Byfield where Central Street crosses the Parker River. In 1636, the first water-powered mill was established at the falls. Gristmills and sawmills were built, in 1794, the first textile mill in Massachusetts. At Byfield in 1763 was founded the nation's first preparatory school, Dum'r Charity School, known subsequently as Dummer Academy, Governor Dummer Academy, now The Governor's Academy, it was site of the first female seminary, founded in 1807. Byfield developed into a mill village, once had six water powered mills, manufacturing various products from woolens to snuff; the railroad entered the community in 1850, carrying freight but tourists, helping Plum Island develop into a Victorian seaside resort. Back on the mainland, silver was discovered in a large field in 1878, the Chipman Silver Mine would begin operations until it closed in 1925. By 1905, the economy had shifted to back to agriculture, Newbury became a supplier of eggs and poultry.
Some would hay the salt marshes. The town is today residential, with many examples of fine antique architecture. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 26.3 square miles, of which 23.4 square miles is land and 2.9 square miles, or 11.17%, is water. Newbury lies just south of the mouth of the Merrimack River, is drained by the Little River and Parker River, along with the Plum Island River, drain into Plum Island Sound, separating Plum Island from the mainland. Much of the town land is made of marshes, is protected land, included in the Parker River National Wildlife Refuge, Old Town Hill Reservation Area, Kents Island Wildlife Management Area, Downfall Wildlife Management Area and parts of the Mill River Wildlife Management Area and Crane Pond Wildlife Management Area. Newbury is located along the Atlantic Ocean, is bordered by Newburyport to the north, West Newbury to the northwest, a small portion of Groveland to the west, Georgetown to the southwest, Rowley to the south.
The center of Newbury lies 19 miles east of Lawrence, 19 miles north of Salem, 32 miles north-northeast of Boston and 24 miles south of Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Interstate 95 passes with two exits providing access to the town. U. S. Route 1, locally known as the Newburyport Turnpike, passes from north to south through the middle of the town, Massachusetts Route 1A's northernmost portion passes through the east of town, just inland from the marshes; the town is home to a private general aviation airport. The Newburyport/Rockport Line of the MBTA Commuter Rail passes through town, with its northern terminus just over the Newburyport line; as of the census of 2000, there were 6,717 people, 2,514 households, 1,815 families residing in the town. The population density was 277.0 people per square mile. There were 2,816 housing units at an average density of 116.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.32% White, 0.37% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, 0.43% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.91% of the population. There were 2,514 households out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.5% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.8% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.16. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males. The median income for a household in the town was $74,836, the median income for a family was $83,428. Males had a median income of $52,366 versus $35,656 for females; the per capita income for the town was $34,640. About 1.2% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.
Coffin House Dole-Little House James Noyes House Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm Swett-Ilsley House Abraham Adams House Th
North Reading, Massachusetts
North Reading is a town in Middlesex County, United States. The population was 14,892 at the 2010 census; the area was first settled in 1651 when the town of Reading received a special land grant north of the Ipswich River. It was incorporated as the separate town of North Reading in 1853. North Reading borders Andover, North Andover, Lynnfield and Wilmington. "Original grants of large farmsteads along the river during the mid-17th century brought six families to the settlement before 1680. The economy of the town in the 17th and 18th century was based on subsistence farming with limited hop production. There was a sawmill on Lob's Pond by 1694 and grist and saw mills at the village center by 1794; some small scale boot and shoe making was underway by 1820, by 1850 small sheds or shops to make shoes were attached to every house in town. These shops produced cheap footwear, sold south to clothe slaves, the Civil War destroyed the town's industry; the principal products of the town in the early 20th century were milk and fruits."
North Reading High School North Reading Middle School E. Ethel Little School J. Turner Hood School L. D. Batchelder School According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 13.5 square miles, of which 13.2 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles, or 1.85%, is water. North Reading is protected by North Reading Police Department; the Headquarters for both departments is at 152 Park Street in the public safety building. NRFD is staffed by Full-time members, is supplemented by a smaller call member roster; the 152 Park St. station holds Engine 1, Engine 2, Engine 3, Engine 4, Ladder 1, Rescue 1 and Rescue 2. There is the Essex County Technical Rescue unit, stored in town as well; as of the census of 2000, there were 13,837 people, 4,795 households, 3,754 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,044.0 people per square mile. There were 4,870 housing units at an average density of 367.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.53% White, 0.40% African American, 0.04% Native American, 1.30% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, 0.48% from two or more backgrounds.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.74% of the population. There were 4,795 households out of which 40.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.9% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.7% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.28. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males. The median income for a household in the town was $76,962, the median income for a family was $86,341. Males had a median income of $52,446 versus $39,458 for females; the per capita income for the town was $30,902. About 0.7% of families and 1.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.4% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over.
The North Reading Board of Selectmen has five members who are elected to serve three-year overlapping terms. As specified in the Town Charter and the Massachusetts General Laws, they are the chief elected officers of the town; the board may enact rules and regulations in a variety of areas, as well as establish town policies and procedures on many issues, unless such issues are delegated by law or vote of the town meeting to another officer or board. The board appoints a Town Administrator who supervises and is responsible for the day-to-day operation of town government departments. William Taylor Adams, author under the name "Oliver Optic" Jonathan Bird, Emmy-winning television producer Edward J. Collins, Jr. government official Jon Favreau, Director of Speechwriting for Barack Obama, co-founder of Crooked Media, co-host of the popular political podcast Pod Save America. Ryan Fitzgerald, Ice hockey player at Boston College, picked in the 4th round of the 2013 NHL Entry Draft by the Boston Bruins.
Tom Fitzgerald, Assistant General Manager of the Pittsburgh Penguins Art Kenney, retired principal of North Reading High School and one of the oldest living former Major League baseball players. Frank Reardon and author. George Frederick Root was an American songwriter, who found particular fame during the American Civil War. Alexandra Carpenter is an American Ice hockey player at Boston College Eagles women's ice hockey, a member of the 2014 United States Olympic team. Jimmy Vesey, ice hockey player for the New York Rangers. Vesey attended and played for North Reading High School, Belmont Hill School, Harvard University prior to signing with the Rangers in 2016. North Reading travel guide from Wikivoyage Town of North Reading official website
Chelmsford is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts in the United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the town's population was 33,802. Only 48.4% are male and the median age of residents in Chelmsford is 39.2 years old. It is located 24 miles northwest of Boston and, bordering on the city of Lowell, is part of the Greater Lowell metropolitan area. Besides Lowell on its northeast, Chelmsford is surrounded by four towns: Tyngsborough to the north, Billerica to the southeast, Carlisle to the south, Westford to the west. Chelmsford is bordered by two sizable rivers: the Merrimack River to the north, the Concord River to the east. Named after Chelmsford, England, the town was incorporated in May 1655 by an act of the Massachusetts General Court; when Chelmsford was incorporated, its local economy was fueled by lumber mills, limestone quarries and kilns. The farming community of East Chelmsford was incorporated as Lowell in the 1820s. Chelmsford experienced a drastic increase in population between 1950 and 1970, coinciding with the connection of U.
S. Route 3 in Lowell to Massachusetts Route 128 in the 1950s and the extension of U. S. Route 3 from Chelmsford to New Hampshire in the 1960s. Chelmsford has a representative town meeting form of government; the current town manager is Paul Cohen. The town has one public high school – Chelmsford High School, ranked among the top 500 schools in the nation – as well as two middle schools, four elementary schools; the charter middle school started in Chelmsford became a regional charter school covering grades 5 through 12, now located in Tyngsborough. Chelmsford high school age students have the option of attending the Nashoba Valley Technical High School, located in Westford. In 2011, Chelmsford was declared the 28th best place to live in the United States by Money magazine. Settlers from the adjacent communities of Woburn and Concord founded Chelmsford. An act of the Massachusetts General Court in the last week of May 1655 town incorporated Chelmsford, it was named after Chelmsford, England; the nearby communities of Groton and Billerica were incorporated at the same time.
Chelmsford contained the neighboring town of Westford, parts of Carlisle, a large part of Lowell. Both the Middlesex Canal and Middlesex Turnpike, major transportation routes, were built through Chelmsford in the first part of the 19th century; the Chelmsford militia played a role in the American Revolution at the Battle of Lexington and Concord and the Battle of Bunker Hill. The town's own Lieutenant Colonel Moses Parker fought on the hill, he was wounded and captured, died from his wounds on July 4, 1775. The Lieutenant Colonel Moses Parker Middle School honors his name, the lobby displays a representation of the man, he is depicted in the John Trumbull painting The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker's Hill, June 17, 1775 and in a painting in the Bunker Hill Museum. Captain Benjamin Walker of this town was killed in this battle. Ralph Waldo Emerson opened a school in Chelmsford in 1825, closing it after a few months to take over his brother's school in Roxbury. Chelmsford was the birthplace of the Chelmsford Spring Co. in 1901, which became the Chelmsford Ginger Ale Company, acquired by Canada Dry in 1928.
The ginger ale plant, rebuilt in 1912 after a disastrous fire consumed the original plant, stood on Route 110 until its demolition in 1994. The Chelmsford brand of golden ginger ale continued to be manufactured by Canada Dry for decades, it is manufactured by Polar Beverages for DeMoulas/Market Basket supermarkets, based out of neighboring Tewksbury. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 23.2 square miles, of which 22.6 square miles is land and 0.5 square miles, or 2.29%, is water. Chelmsford is bordered by two sizable rivers: the Merrimack River to the north, the Concord River to the east. Chelmsford consists of several neighborhoods. In addition to the town center, smaller areas include South Chelmsford, West Chelmsford, East Chelmsford, North Chelmsford and The Westlands. North Chelmsford, an industrial village, is distinct from the rest of the town to the extent that it has many of its own town services; the northern parts of Chelmsford tend to be more urban and densely populated, while the south is more rural.
Like much of the rest of Massachusetts, Chelmsford has a humid continental climate according to the Köppen climate classification. Summers are warm and humid, while winters tend to be cold and snowy; the level of precipitation is consistent throughout the year. As of the US census of 2000, there were 33,858 people, 12,812 households, 9,301 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,495.0 people per square mile. There were 13,025 housing units at an average density of 575.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 93.09% White, 0.79% African American, 0.07% Native American, 4.62% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.23% of the population. There were 12,812 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.0% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.4% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.61 and the average fami
Haverhill is a historic city in Essex County, United States. Haverhill is located 35 miles north of Boston on the New Hampshire border and about 17 miles from the Atlantic Ocean; the population was 60,879 at the 2010 census. Located on the Merrimack River, it began as a farming community of Puritans from Newbury Plantation; the land was purchased from the Pentuckets on November 15, 1642 for three pounds, ten shillings. Pentucket was renamed Haverhill and evolved into an important industrial center, beginning with sawmills and gristmills run by water power. In the 18th and 19th century, Haverhill developed woolen mills, tanneries and shipbuilding; the town was for many decades home to a significant shoe-making industry. By the end of 1913, one tenth of the shoes produced in the United States were made in Haverhill, because of this the town was known for a time as the "Queen Slipper City"; the city was known for the manufacture of hats. Haverhill has played a role in nearly every era of American history, from the initial colonial settlement, to the French and Indian Wars, the American Revolutionary and Civil wars.
The town was founded in 1640 by settlers from Newbury, was known as Pentucket, the Native American word for "place of the winding river". Settlers such as John Ward, Robert Clements, Tristram Coffin, Hugh Sheratt, William White, Thomas Davis aided in the purchase of land known by Indians as Pentuckett; the land was purchased from native Indian chiefs Passaquo and Saggahew and permission was granted by Passaconaway, chief of the Pennacooks. Settlers, Thomas Hale, Henry Palmer, Thomas Davis, James Davis and William White were its first selectman. First Court appointments. At the same court, it was John Osgood and Thomas Hale that were appointed to lay the way from Haverhill to Andover, it is said that these early settlers worshipped under a large oak tree, known as the "Worshipping Oak". The town was renamed for the town of Haverhill, England, in deference to the birthplace of the settlement's first pastor, Rev. John Ward; the original Haverhill settlement was located around the corner of Water Street and Mill Street, near the Linwood Cemetery and Burying Ground.
The home of the city's father, William White, still stands, although it was expanded and renovated in the 17th and 18th centuries. White's Corner was named for his family. Judge Nathaniel Saltonstall was chosen to preside over the Salem witch trials in the 17th century. Historians cite his reluctance to participate in the trials as one of the reasons that the witch hysteria did not take as deep a root in Haverhill as it did in the neighboring town of Andover, which had among the most victims of the trials. However, a number of women from Haverhill were accused of witchcraft, a few were found "guilty" by the Court of Oyer and Terminer. One of the initial group of settlers, Tristram Coffin, ran an inn. However, he grew disenchanted with the town's stance against his strong ales, in 1659 left Haverhill to become one of the founders of the settlement at Nantucket. Haverhill was for many years a frontier town, was subjected to Indian raids, which were sometimes accompanied by French colonial troops from New France, in which dozens of civilians were murdered.
During King William's War, Hannah Dustin became famous for killing and scalping her native captors, who were converts to Catholicism, after being captured in the Raid on Haverhill. The city has the distinction of featuring the first statue erected in honor of a woman in the United States. In the late 19th century, it was Woolen Mill Tycoon Ezekiel J. M. Hale that commissioned a statue in her memory in Grand Army Republic Park; the statue depicts Dustin brandishing an axe and several Abenaki scalps. Her captivity narrative and subsequent escape and revenge upon her captors caught the attention of Cotton Mather, who wrote about her, she demanded from the colonial leaders the reward per Indian scalp. In recent years some have criticized Hannah Dustin since the Native American Indians she killed and scalped in order to escape were not her original captors and among the people she killed were young children. However, the Indians killed were holding her and others captive, Hannah and the others still might have been killed.
These Indians were allies of the Indians who murdered dozens of Dustin's neighbors and who killed Dustin's newborn by bashing the baby's head against a tree. Such criticisms of Hannah neglect to take into account the mortal danger these children posed, since not only might they be able to overpower the escapees, they could spread the word of the escape and monitor the escapee's movements, which would result in the certain deaths of the escaping women. In 1708, during Queen Anne's War, the town about thirty homes, was raided by a party of French and Abenaki Indians. Like most towns, Haverhill has been struck by several epidemics. Diphtheria killed 256 children in Haverhill between November 17, 1735 and December 31, 1737. George Washingto
Merrimac is a small town in Essex County, United States, on the southeastern border of New Hampshire 34 miles northeast of Boston and 10 miles west of the Atlantic Ocean. It was incorporated on April 11, 1876, it is situated along the north bank of the Merrimack River in the Merrimack Valley. The population was 6,338 at the 2010 census. A manufacturing center, it has long since become a residential community, it is part of the Greater Boston metropolitan area. Settled by the English in 1638 as a part of Salisbury and as a part of Amesbury around the village of Merrimacport, it was known throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries as an agricultural and fishing community, with a small amount of shipbuilding; when Amesbury separated from Salisbury in 1666, Merrimac was referred to as the West Parish of Amesbury, or West Amesbury, although it was unincorporated. When a border dispute between the Massachusetts and New Hampshire colonies was settled in 1741, the new border sliced off the parts of Amesbury that were further from the Merrimack River, with the area associated with West Amesbury becoming the "new town" of Newton, New Hampshire.
In the nineteenth century, benefiting from a manufacturing boom following the establishment of some of the first planned industrial cities in the United States, nearby Lawrence and Lowell, Merrimac came to be known worldwide for its horse-drawn carriage industry. During this period, the town proper of Merrimac, centered around Merrimac Square, expanded separately from the village of Merrimacport. In 1876, including Merrimacport, separated from Amesbury and incorporated itself as a town, it is believed that the town, as well as the river that runs along its southern border, are both named for the American Indian tribe that occupied the region. "Merrimac" means "swift water place" in the language of this tribe. This town center consists of the typical brick buildings and Victorian architecture of the late nineteenth century, it is surrounded by much of the town's population. Interstate 495 now divides Merrimacport from Merrimac. At the beginning of the twentieth century, as with the rest of the New England, it went through a period of deindustrialization as the region's industry relocated to the Midwest.
The communities of the Merrimack Valley, including Merrimac, were affected by this long period of economic decline and have never recovered. Today, Merrimac is a typical small New England community, it went through numerous growth spurts throughout the 1990s and the beginning of the twenty-first century as it was absorbed into the Greater Lawrence metropolitan area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 8.8 square miles, of which 8.5 square miles is land and 0.39 square miles, or 4.48%, is water. Merrimac is drained by the Merrimack River. Located in the Merrimack River Valley and on the coastal plain of Massachusetts, Merrimac's land consists of small, forested hills; the town has several ponds and Lake Attitash. Merrimac is diamond-shaped, is bordered by Amesbury and Lake Attitash to the northeast, West Newbury to the southeast, Haverhill to the southwest, New Hampshire, to the north and northwest, South Hampton, New Hampshire, to the far northeast, Plaistow, New Hampshire, on the western corner.
The town is 14 miles northeast of Lawrence, 30 miles southeast of Manchester, New Hampshire, 34 miles north of Boston. Merrimac lies with Exit 53 giving access to the town. Massachusetts Route 110 passes through the town, just north of I-495. There are no bridges crossing the Merrimack directly into the town; as of the census of 2000, there were 6,138 people, 2,233 households, 1,699 families residing in the town. The population density was 719.6 people per square mile. There were 2,295 housing units at an average density of 269.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.27% White, 0.39% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.29% from other races, 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.90% of the population. There were 2,233 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.9% were non-families. 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.16. In the town, the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males. The median income for a household in the town was $58,692, versus $65,401 statewide, the median income for a family was $69,118. Males had a median income of $48,718 versus $35,325 for females; the per capita income for the town was $24,869. About 1.9% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.7% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over. Merrimac is governed by the New England town meeting form of government, a kind of participatory direct democracy
Billerica Public Library
The Billerica Public Library is a public library in Billerica, Massachusetts. Since 2000 it has been located on Concord Road. In the late 19th century, "Billerica's free library, known as the Bennett Public Library, was founded by Mrs. Joshua Bennett, who erected, at a cost of $9,000, a suitable building for the purpose, deeded it to the Bennett Library Association in 1880.... The town contributes nothing for the support of the library." The architects of the Bennett building were Boston architects Tilden. Subscribers were charged an annual fee for use of the library. By 1899, "the membership fee to the associates, to whom a few special privileges are allowed, is one dollar, but all citizens are given the free use of the library."In fiscal year 2008, the town of Billerica spent 1.09% of its budget on the library -- some $29 per person. The library's total budget was $1,209,203. Catalogue, constitution and regulations of the Bennett Public Library Association of Billerica. C. F. Jones & Co. Printers, 1882.
Google books Paula D. Watson. Carnegie Ladies, Lady Carnegies: Women and the Building of Libraries. Libraries & Culture, Vol. 31, No. 1, Reading & Libraries http://www.billericalibrary.org/ https://www.flickr.com/photos/pkeleher/1579977566/ Flickr. Photo of Stephen King at the library, 1983 Flickr. Photo of library building, 1979-2000 Flickr. Billerica Public Library's photostream