Esch-sur-Sûre is a commune and small town in north-western Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Wiltz, part of the district of Diekirch. At one point it was the second smallest commune by area in Luxembourg, until Neunhausen and Heiderscheid were merged into it in 2011; as of 2005, the town of Esch-sur-Sûre, which lies in the north of the commune, has a population of 314. Esch-sur-Sûre is situated by the river Sauer, just east and downstream of the artificial Upper Sauer Lake; the town's prominent castle, the main part of the town below, sit on a spur of a land within a sharp meander of the river. The suffix to its name distinguishes Esch-sur-Sûre from the city of Esch-sur-Alzette, known just as Esch. Above the town, the river has been dammed to form a hydroelectric reservoir extending some 6 miles up the valley; the Upper Sauer dam was built in the 1960s to meet the country's drinking water needs. Media related to Esch-sur-Sûre at Wikimedia Commons www.petitbourg.lu Le Paradis des Ardennes Luxembourgoises
Diekirch is a commune with town status in north-eastern Luxembourg, capital city of the canton Diekirch and, until its abolition in 2015, the district of Diekirch. The town is situated on the banks of the Sauer river; the town's heraldic shield, showing a crowned lion on a castle, was granted in 1988. It is based on the town's 14th century seal and arms; as of 2001, the town of Diekirch itself, which lies in the south of the commune, has a population of 6,068. Diekirch was the first town in Luxembourg to have a pedestrian zone, in 1977. Diekirch is home to a brewery of national importance carrying the town's name. Three secondary schools are located in Diekirch: Lycée classique de Diekirch, Lycée technique hôtelier Alexis Heck and Nordstadlycée; the town is home to the national operational headquarters of the Luxembourgish Army at the Haerebierg Military Centre and the National Museum of Military History, reflecting Diekirch's pivotal role in the famous Battle of the Bulge, called by the Germans Rundstedt-Offensive, a major battle of World War II.
It was here that the river Sauer was crossed on the night of January 18, 1945, by the US 5th Infantry division. The town is the seat of one of the six regional headquarters of the Grand Ducal Police and of one of the two judicial districts of Luxembourg; as far as sports events are concerned, Diekirch has gained a reputation for its annual cross country running competition — the Eurocross —, an IAAF permit meeting and attracts world-class runners, with Gabriela Szabo and Irina Mikitenko among its past winners. The town received its name, according to old sources, when Charlemagne in the late 8th century resettled Saxons, in order to bring them under his control. One of the centre of these settlements was in the area of Diekirch. In order to convert the pagan Saxons to Christianity, a church was built, which gave the settlement its name: "Diet-Kirch". In Old Franconian, thiuda. Þeudō is a reconstructed word from Germanic, which plays a role in the etymology of the term "Deutsch". In the 14th century, the blind king of Bohemia, fortified it, surrounding the place with a castellated wall and a ditch supplied by a stream.
It remained more or less fortified until the beginning of the 19th century when the French, during their occupation, levelled the old walls and substituted avenues of trees. In the course of extensive excavation in the 1960s, it was shown that the St. Laurence church is a Roman building. In the early 20th century, wall ruins and mosaics were being found north of the town center. Archaeological investigations in 1992-1993, 1999 and 2008 enabled the reconstruction of a large Roman villa, which extended over all the land of the medieval town and was abandoned in the early 5th century; the town's mascot is the donkey. There is a donkey fountain in the centre of Diekirch; the yearly cavalcade is held under the sign of the donkey. Paul Eyschen a Luxembourgish politician, statesman and diplomat, he was the eighth Prime Minister of Luxembourg, serving for twenty-seven years, 1888-1915. Léon Roth a Luxembourgian sprint canoer who competed in the 1952 Summer Olympics Johnny Lucas a Luxembourgian sprint canoer who competed in the 1952 Summer Olympics Ali Kaes a Luxembourgish politician General Gaston Reinig a Luxembourgian soldier and a former Chief of Defence of the Luxembourg Army Michael Pinto a Portuguese professional footballer Diekirch is twinned with: Media related to Diekirch at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Luxembourgish, Letzeburgesch, or Luxembourgian is a West Germanic language, spoken in Luxembourg. About 390,000 people speak Luxembourgish worldwide. A variety of the Moselle Franconian dialect group, Luxembourgish has similarities with other varieties of High German and the wider group of West Germanic languages; the status of Luxembourgish as an official language in Luxembourg and the existence there of a regulatory body, has removed Luxembourgish, at least in part, from the domain of Standard German, its traditional Dachsprache. Luxembourgish belongs to the West Central German group of High German languages and is the primary example of a Moselle Franconian language. Luxembourgish is the national language of Luxembourg and one of three administrative languages, alongside French and German. In Luxembourg, 50.9% of citizens can speak Luxembourgish. Luxembourgish is spoken in the Arelerland region of Belgium and in small parts of Lorraine in France. In the German Eifel and Hunsrück regions, similar local Moselle Franconian dialects of German are spoken.
The language is spoken by a few descendants of Luxembourg immigrants in the United States and Canada. Additionally, in the German Eifel and Hunsrück regions, similar local Moselle Franconian dialects of German are spoken. Other Moselle Franconian dialects are spoken by ethnic Germans long settled in Transylvania, Romania. Moselle Franconian dialects outside the Luxembourg state border tend to have far fewer French loan words, these remain from the French Revolution. There are several distinct dialect forms of Luxembourgish including Areler, Kliärrwer, Stater, Veiner and Weelzer. Further small vocabulary differences may be seen between small villages. Increasing mobility of the population and the dissemination of the language through mass media such as radio and television are leading to a gradual standardisation towards a "Standard Luxembourgish" through the process of koineization. There is no distinct geographic boundary between the use of Luxembourgish and the use of other related High German dialects.
Spoken Luxembourgish is hard to understand for speakers of German who are not familiar with Moselle Franconian dialects. However, they can read the language to some degree. For those Germans familiar with Moselle Franconian dialects, it is easy to understand and speak Luxembourgish as far as the everyday vocabulary is concerned. However, the large number of French loanwords in Luxembourgish may hamper communication about certain topics, or with certain speakers. There is no intelligibility between Luxembourgish and French or any of the Romance dialects spoken in the adjacent parts of Belgium and France. Erna Hennicot-Schoepges, President of the Christian Social People's Party of Luxembourg 1995–2003, was active in promoting the language beyond Luxembourg's borders. A number of proposals for standardising the orthography of Luxembourgish can be documented, going back to the middle of the 19th century. There was no recognised system, until the adoption of the "OLO" on 5 June 1946; this orthography provided a system for speakers of all varieties of Luxembourgish to transcribe words the way they pronounced them, rather than imposing a single, standard spelling for the words of the language.
The rules explicitly rejected certain elements of German orthography. New principles were adopted for the spelling of French loanwords. Fiireje, rééjelen, shwèzt, veinejer bültê, âprê, ssistém This proposed orthography, so different from existing "foreign" standards that people were familiar with, did not enjoy widespread approval. A more successful standard emerged from the work of the committee of specialists charged with the task of creating the Luxemburger Wörterbuch, published in 5 volumes between 1950 and 1977; the orthographic conventions adopted in this decades-long project, set out in Bruch, provided the basis of the standard orthography that became official on 10 October 1975. Modifications to this standard were proposed by the Conseil permanent de la langue luxembourgeoise and adopted in the spelling reform of 30 July 1999. A detailed explanation of current practice for Luxembourgish can be found in Lulling; the Luxembourgish alphabet consists of the 26 Latin letters plus three letters with diacritics: "é", "ä", "ë".
In loanwords from French and Standard German, other diacritics are preserved: French: Boîte, Enquête, Piqûre, etc. German: blöd, Bühn, etc. Like many other varieties of Western High German, Luxembourgish has a rule of final n-deletion in certain contexts; the effects of this rule are indicated in writing, therefore must be taken into account when spelling words and morphemes ending in ⟨n⟩ or ⟨nn⟩. For example: wann ech ginn "when I go", but wa mer ginn "when we go" fënnefandrësseg "thirty-five", but fënnefavéierzeg "forty-five"; the consonant inventory of Luxembourgish is quite similar to that of Standard German. /p͡f/ occurs only in loanwords from Standard German. Just as among many native German-speakers, it tends to be simplified to word-initia
Colmar-Berg is a commune and town in central Luxembourg, in the canton of Mersch. It is situated at the confluence of the rivers Alzette; as of 2005, the town of Colmar-Berg, which lies in the east of the commune, has a population of 1,711. Colmar-Berg is the site of the Grand Duke of Berg Castle, it is the site of a Goodyear tyre factory. The commune was known as simply'Berg' until 25 March 1991; the "Centre de Formation pour Conducteurs" is in Colmar-Berg. Every person has to make an "Obligatory Course" after they got their driving license in order for it to become a definitive license; this has to be done in the timespan after three months and before two years after the person passed their practical driving test. Media related to Colmar-Berg at Wikimedia Commons
Merzig is the capital of the district Merzig-Wadern, in Saarland, Germany with about 30,000 inhabitants in 17 municipalities on 108 km ². It is situated on approx. 35 km south of Trier, 35 km northwest of Saarbrücken. The town was first mentioned in 369 as Martiaticum. Under French rule it was known as Mercy. Merzig was created in 1974 as part of the territorial reform in Saarland; the present-day city consists of the previous town of 16 surrounding municipalities. The population of the present city, including all outlying districts: Expeditionary Museum Werner Freund Fine mechanical museum in the Fellenbergmühle Museum of Local History in Fellenberg Castle B-Werk Besseringen Saarland Psychiatric Museum Church of St. Peter Historic townhouse Diverse baroque buildings such as Halfenhaus, Staadt-Marx's Bürgerhaus, Hilbringer Schlösschen, Abteihof Besseringen, former residence of Christian Kretzschmar in Trierer Straße Various interesting buildings of the 19th and early 20th centuries such as Villa Fuchs, Protestant church, churches in Hilbringen and Besseringen, Lothringer Hof, main building of the former state hospital, Art Nouveau buildings in Trierer Straße, former jam factory Various chapels worth seeing, such as St. Mary's Chapel, St. Cross Chapel, Kreuzberg Chapel, Josef Chapel, Harlinger Chapel, Old Wellinger Chapel, St. Clement Chapel Seffersbach Bridge, 1901, last preserved suspension belt bridge "System Möller" in Saarland Catholic parish church of St. Agatha Catholic parish church of St. Mary Magdalene Catholic parish church of St. Martin Catholic parish church of St. Josef Bürgerpark Besseringen Garden of the Senses on the Kreuzberg Orchids on the Nackberg at Hilbringen city park B-Werk Besseringen, on the B 51 between Merzig and Besseringen Public indoor swimming pool „Das Bad“ Bietzener healing spring on the B 51 in the direction of Beckingen Public natural swimming pool Heilborn Sculptor symposium stones at the border Monastery St. Gangolf, between Besseringen and Mettlach Museum railway Animal enclosure at Blättelbornweiher Wolf enclosure in the Kammerforst Kreuzbergkapelle with views over the entire city and the Merzig basin Kletterhafen - Europe's largest free-standing climbing park Merzig is the birthplace of footballer Kevin Trapp and tennis player Benjamin Becker.
Since 2012 Merzig stages musicals for two months each year, starring famous German musical actors like Uwe Kröger. The venue is a huge marquee, called'Zeltpalast'. 2012: Hairspray 2013: Burlesque 2014: The Addams Family, German debut 2015: La Cage aux Folles 2016: The Addams Family 2016: 9 to 5, German debut Franz-Josef Röder, German politician Media related to Merzig at Wikimedia Commons Merzig travel guide from Wikivoyage
Feulen is a commune in central Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Diekirch, part of the district of Diekirch; the commune's administrative centre is Niederfeulen. Towns within the commune include Oberfeulen. Media related to Feulen at Wikimedia Commons
Schieren is a commune and town in central Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Diekirch; as of 2011, the town of Schieren itself, which lies in the west of the commune, has a population of 1,497. It is located on the rail line to Ettelbruck. Schieren was formed on 1 July 1850, when it was detached from the commune of Ettelbruck, along with the commune of Erpeldange; the law forming Schieren was passed on 22 January 1850. In 1894, Schieren established a fire station with five volunteer firefighters, it has a notable church. Media related to Schieren at Wikimedia Commons Commune of Schieren official website Unofficial website on local activities