Associazioni Calcio Riunite Messina S. S. D. A r.l. is an Italian football club based in Sicily. It plays in Serie D; the origins of the team go back to 1900, when Messina F. C. was founded in the city. The club has spent most of its existence in the lower Italian football leagues, they last competed in 43 Specimen in 2007–08, which followed three consecutive seasons in Serie A. In July 2008, Messina were excluded from professional football due to financial issues, being registered into amateur Serie D; the farthest Messina has reached in the Coppa Italia is the last 16. This was achieved in the 2000s decade. In the past, they have reached the semi-finals in the Coppa Italia Serie C. Messina have appeared in Serie A, for a total of five seasons; the club's first spell in the league was in the 1960s. The highest position they have finished is 7th, which happened during the 2004–05 season; the history of Messina Football Club began when Alfredo Marangolo returned to Sicily in August 1900 from studying in London, England.
In Great Britain the game of football was fast gathering popularity with The Football League in its early stages. Messina Football Club were founded on 1 December 1900 by Marangolo with the help of Anglican reverend "Caulifield". At the college where Marangolo visited he had made the acquaintance of Ignazio Majo Pagano who formed Anglo Palermitan on his return, only a month before Messina; the first Sicilian derby was held between Messina and Palermo on 18 April 1901. The game ended 3–2 to the Palermitan side. A strong bond and a healthy rivalry had built up between the two Sicilian clubs and a competition named the Whitaker Challenge Cup was arranged to be played between them; the first was held in 1905. Messina repeated the feat the following year at San Ranieri; the earthquake of 1908, which killed 60,000 people in Messina affected the club in a large manner. Football resumed in Messina the following year, thanks to Arthur Barret Lascelles who used his own money to ensure football activity in the city would continue.
By 1910, the funds of Barret had dried up, the club was folded, Società Ginnastica Garibaldi Messina took its place, until it too was dissolved due to the First World War. After World War I, a club under the name US Messinese was founded and entered the following year's Coppa Federale Siciliana, an all Sicilian championship contested in Messina and Palermo. Messina finished as runners-up; the club participated in the Italian Football Championship of 1921–22, organised by the C. C. I. Finishing third in the Sicilian group section; the following season the CCI were unified. This coincided with mergers in Messina, as another side, Umberto I Messina, was incorporated into US Messinese, therefore, the club changed its name to US Messinese Umberto I in October 1922; the following month this new side was fused again, this time with Messina Sporting Club. Only two years in December 1924, FC Messina was melted, the players became part of the reformed US Messinese. Messinese qualified for the semi-finals of the International League, after beating Palermo, 3–0, in the Sicilian championship of 1924–25.
Here, Messinese played against Alba Roma and Liberty Bari, but failed to win a single match, scoring only two goals in six games. Messina would be promoted to Serie B for the 1932–33 campaign under the presidency of Francesco Lombardo and Koenig's coaching and remained in the league for six seasons; the spell in Serie B was notable for the local rivalry between them and Calcio Catania. Down in Serie C, AC Messina were withdrawn and folded during 1940–41; the following season, in 1941–42, a club named US Peloro 1906 changed its name and became US Mario Passamonte. The idea was to enter the club into Serie C in place of Messina; however this was unsuccessful, until the following season. It would not be long before all activity was halted in Italian football for World War II. After several mergers in 1945, including one between US Passamonte and AP Messina, the club AS Messina subsequently emerged as a post-war representative of Messina; this was not a clean cut merger. Some players and officials formed the rival club Giostra Messina.
Both Giostra and AS Messina reached the finals of the Southern League but finished fourth and fifth respectively. In 1947, the two teams AS Messina and Giostra Messina were united as one merged club Associazioni Calcio Riunite Messina, abbreviated as AC Riunite Messina; the 1950s for Messina began in glorious fashion, they were crowned champions of Serie C under the management of Yugoslav manager Mihalj Balačić. Messina did not falter in Serie B. During their first season in the league they avoided relegation. Giuseppe Melazzo and the Comitato Reggenza owned the club during this new period of relative success. During the following season, Messina finished in third place. Throughout the rest of the 1950s, Messina remained in the division as a whole finishing in a respectable position. Goffredo Muglia took over as president in 1958. For the first time in their history, Messina were crowned champions of Serie B during the 1962–63 season; the race for the championship was a close one and went down to the last day of the season
18th Infantry Division Messina
The 18th Infantry Division Messina was an infantry division of the Italian Army during World War II. It was formed 24 May 1939 in the Fano area on the Italian Adriatic sea coast and was dissolved by Germans 13 September 1943 in Croatia; the division Messina did not participated in the Italian invasion to France, quartering in Ancona coast besides the Fabriano and Fossombrone valleys nearby until the end of 1940. 3 April 1941, it was ordered on the positions north of Shkodër. It was expected to occupy Ulcinj Castle to shell the Yugoslavian positions. 12–13 April 1941, it resisted Yugoslavian attacks at Mount Korab. The Messina Division took part in the invasion of Yugoslavia as part of the Italian XVII Corps; the first crossing of Yugoslavian border occurred 15 April 1941, between Bar and Lake Skadar. 16 April 1941, after piercing through the Yugoslavian defences, it advanced to Bar. 17 April 1941, it captured both Cetinje and Kotor and much of the Royal Yugoslav Navy. The Messina division has reached Podgorica city 25 April 1941 and received the orders to stay as occupation force.
Its area of responsibility was stretched over 100 km around Cetinje, Podgorica and Kotor. Fighting with the Partisans started immediately. During 1941, an intermittent fighting was erupting in Virpazar, Cekanje pass near Cetinje, Šavnik and Kotor; the Messina division was transferred to the Croatian city of Metković in early August, 1942. It took part in Operation Alba, an anti Partisan operation in Croatia carried out from 12 August to 2 September 1942, to destroy partisan groups in the Biokovo area 40 to 50 kilometres east of Split. Italian forces killed and arrested several hundred people. Orders to move to the Neretva Delta were issued 8 September 1942; the Messina took part in Operation Alfa between 5 and 10 October 1942. The objective was to retake the town of Prozor, overrun by a strong Partisan force; the operation was under the command of the Italian VI Corps, which achieved all its objectives in 6 days. After the Italian Armistice of 8 September 1943, the Messina division received orders to disarm by German and Croatian forces.
In the resulting confusion, elements of the division were able to board ships and arrived on the Apulia coast of Italia. Nonetheless, the division was dissolved 13 September 1943. 93. Messina Infantry Regiment 94. Messina Infantry Regiment 2. Metauro Artillery Regiment 108. CCNN Legion 18. Mortar Battalion 118. Anti-Tank Company 18. Signal Company 20. Mining Company 48. Pioneer Company 49. Medical Section 190. Heavy Motor Transport Section 23. Supply Section 52. Carabinieri Section 53. Carabinieri Section 44. Field Bakery The names of 8 men attached to the Messina Division can be found in the CROWCASS List established by the Anglo-American Allies of the individuals wanted by Yugoslavia for war crimes: AMATO Attilio - 195528 - General, Italian Army, Div. Messina, Korcula 15.1.43 - Murder - Yugo. CAPRIOLO Giorgio - 190914 - Adjutant, Div. Messina, aide de camp, Berane 7.-9.41 - Murder - Yugo. MARUSSICH - 191008 - Agent, Capt. Pol.-Ital. C. C. Div. Messina, Fraschette Alatri 41-42 - Murder - Yugo. NICOSIA Salvatore - 191154 - Major, Inf.
Div. Messina", Procuratore dell ` Cetinje 1941 - Murder - Yugo. OGRISSEC - 191044 - Capt. Ital. Army, Div. "Messina", Montenegro 13.7.41, spring 1942 - Murder - Yugo. PAVISSICH - 191057 - Capt. Italian Army, Div. "Messino", Montenegro 13.7.41-42 - Murder - Yugo. RAGOZZI Guido - 191075 - Lt. Col. Ital. Army, Commander of Bn. of the Div. "Messina", Prov. Montenegro 31.7.41-spring 42 - Murder - Yugo. TUCCI Carlo - 193558 - Lt. General, G. O. C. "Messina" Div. Montenegro 7.41 - Murder - Yugo. Footnotes Citations Paoletti, Ciro. A Military History of Italy. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-275-98505-9
Bleachers was published on June 22, 2004. The hardcover edition was published by the paperback edition by Dell; the book focuses on whether the famous Eddie Rake, former coach of the Messina High School football team, was loved or hated by his former players. Neely Crenshaw, born in 1969, is a high school All-American quarterback, Messina High School's'golden boy,' expected to lead them to the state title. Neely is a recruited quarterback with a golden arm, fast feet, plenty of sizes, maybe the greatest Messina quarterback ever; when Neely was younger and playing football with his friends, a man watching him approached Neely, saying "You're going to play football for the Spartans." In 1987, after trailing 31-0 at halftime to East Pike, crippled by a broken hand, the gutsy quarterback rallies the Spartans to a 34-31 victory for Messina's first state championship in seven years, achieved without the assistance of coach Rake. His hand injury is caused when Neely punches Coach Eddie Rake in the face, after Coach Rake backhands him, causing him to break his nose.
After graduation, Crenshaw had received 31 scholarship offers and chooses Tech, a fictional university. He receives a violation of NCAA rules for signing with the school. In the second half of the 1989 Gator Bowl, Crenshaw comes off the bench for Tech, throws for three touchdowns, runs for one hundred yards and leads a last-second comeback; as a sophomore, he is national player of the week when he throws for six touchdowns against Purdue University. But against A&M that year, he suffers a career-ending knee injury on a late hit. Crenshaw subsequently drops football for the real estate business; when the story begins, most of the 714 football players Rake had coached in his 34 years at Messina High School return to the town for the funeral of the legendary coach, a man both beloved and reviled. Rake ends his career with 418 wins, 62 losses, 13 state championships. During a grueling unsanctioned Sunday morning practice in 1992, Messina player Scotty Reardon died of a heat stroke. Rake's brutal training methods are called into question and the superintendent of education, Reardon's uncle, fires Rake.
In a letter revealed at Rake's funeral, the coach states the two regrets of his life were losing Scotty Reardon and for striking All-American quarterback Neely Crenshaw at halftime of the 1987 championship game against East Pike. At the funeral, Neely ends up forgiving coach after all those years of debating whether he likes or dislikes Eddie Rake
Messina is the capital of the Italian Metropolitan City of Messina. It is the third largest city on the island of Sicily, the 13th largest city in Italy, with a population of more than 238,000 inhabitants in the city proper and about 650,000 in the Metropolitan City, it is located near the northeast corner of Sicily, at the Strait of Messina, opposite Villa San Giovanni on the mainland, has close ties with Reggio Calabria. According to Eurostat the FUA of the metropolitan area of Messina has, in 2014, 277,584 inhabitants; the city's main resources are its seaports, cruise tourism and agriculture. The city has been a Roman Catholic Archdiocese and Archimandrite seat since 1548 and is home to a locally important international fair; the city has the University of Messina, founded in 1548 by Ignatius of Loyola. Messina has a light rail system, Tranvia di Messina, opened on 3 April 2003; this line is 7.7 kilometres and links the city's central railway station with the city centre and harbour. The city is home to a significant Greek-speaking minority, rooted in its history and recognised.
Founded by Greek colonists in the 8th century BC, Messina was called Zancle, from the Greek ζάγκλον meaning "scythe" because of the shape of its natural harbour. A comune of its Metropolitan City, located at the southern entrance of the Strait of Messina, is to this day called'Scaletta Zanclea'. In the early 5th century BC, Anaxilas of Rhegium renamed it Messene in honour of the Greek city Messene; the city was sacked in 397 BC by the Carthaginians and reconquered by Dionysius I of Syracuse. In 288 BC the Mamertines seized the city by treachery, killing all the men and taking the women as their wives; the city became a base from which they ravaged the countryside, leading to a conflict with the expanding regional empire of Syracuse. Hiero II, tyrant of Syracuse, defeated the Mamertines near Mylae on the Longanus River and besieged Messina. Carthage assisted the Mamertines because of a long-standing conflict with Syracuse over dominance in Sicily; when Hiero attacked a second time in 264 BC, the Mamertines petitioned the Roman Republic for an alliance, hoping for more reliable protection.
Although reluctant to assist lest it encourage other mercenary groups to mutiny, Rome was unwilling to see Carthaginian power spread further over Sicily and encroach on Italy. Rome therefore entered into an alliance with the Mamertines. In 264 BC, Roman troops were deployed to Sicily, the first time a Roman army acted outside the Italian Peninsula. At the end of the First Punic War it was a free city. In Roman times Messina known as Messana, had an important pharos. Messana was the base of Sextus Pompeius, during his war against Octavian. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the city was successively ruled by Goths from 476 by the Byzantine Empire in 535, by the Arabs in 842, in 1061 by the Norman brothers Robert Guiscard and Roger Guiscard. In 1189 the English King Richard I stopped at Messina en route to the Holy Land for the Third Crusade and occupied the city after a dispute over the dowry of his sister, married to William the Good, King of Sicily. In 1345 Orlando d'Aragona, illegitimate son of Frederick II of Sicily was the strategos of Messina.
Messina may have been the harbour at which the Black Death entered Europe: the plague was brought by Genoese ships coming from Caffa in the Crimea. In 1548 St. Ignatius founded there the first Jesuit college in the world, which gave birth to the Studium Generale; the Christian ships that won the Battle of Lepanto left from Messina: the Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes, who took part in the battle, recovered for some time in the Grand Hospital. The city reached the peak of its splendour in the early 17th century, under Spanish domination: at the time it was one of the ten greatest cities in Europe. In 1674 the city rebelled against the foreign garrison, it managed to remain independent for some time, thanks to the help of the French king Louis XIV, but in 1678, with the Peace of Nijmegen, it was reconquered by the Spaniards and sacked: the university, the senate and all the privileges of autonomy it had enjoyed since the Roman times were abolished. A massive fortress was built by the occupants and Messina decayed steadily.
In 1743, 48,000 died of plague in the city. In 1783, an earthquake devastated much of the city, it took decades to rebuild and rekindle the cultural life of Messina. In 1847 it was one of the first cities in Italy. In 1848 it rebelled against the reigning Bourbons, but was suppressed again. Only in 1860, after the Battle of Milazzo, the Garibaldine troops occupied the city. One of the main figures of the unification of Italy, Giuseppe Mazzini, was elected deputy at Messina in the general elections of 1866. Another earthquake of less intensity damaged the city on 16 November 1894; the city was entirely destroyed by an earthquake and associated tsunami on the morning of 28 December 1908, killing about 100,000 people and destroying most of the ancient architecture. The city was rebuilt in the following year, it incurred further damage from the massive Allied air bombardments of 1943. The city was awarded a Gold Medal for Military Valour and one for Civil Valour in memory of the event and the subsequent effort
Province of Messina
Messina was a province in the autonomous island region of Sicily in Italy. Its capital was the city of Messina, it was replaced by the Metropolitan City of Messina. It had an area of 3,247 square kilometres, which amounts to 12.6 percent of total area of the island, a total population of more 650,000. There are 108 comuni in the province; the province included all part of the comune of Lipari. The territory is mountainous, with the exception of alluvial plain at the mouths of the various rivers; the largest plain is that in the area between Milazzo and Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto, together with Messina, form a metropolitan area of some 500,000 inhabitants, one of the largest in southern Italy. Much of the population is concentrated in the coastal area, after the hill towns have been abandoned from the 19th century; the main mountain ridges are the Peloritani, up to 1,300 metres in elevation, the Nebrodi, up to 1,900 metres, which are included in a Regional Natural Reserve. Rivers of the province include the Alcantara and the Pollina, which forms the border with the province of Palermo to the west.
The main comunes by population are: Metropolitan City of Messina Strait of Messina metropolitan area Strait of Messina History of Sicily Aeolian Islands Province website Pictures, tourism, books, local products, local surnames, transportation in the province of Messina Travel itineraries in Messina and Lipari Islands. Sicily TravelNet "Messina. I. A province of Sicily"; the American Cyclopædia. 1879
The Messina Chasmata are the largest canyon or system of canyons on the surface of the Uranian moon Titania, named after a location in William Shakespeare's comedy Much Ado About Nothing. The 1492 km long feature includes two normal faults running NW–SE, which bound a down-dropped crustal block forming a structure called a graben; the graben cuts impact craters, which means that it was formed at a late stage of the moon's evolution, when the interior of Titania expanded and its ice crust cracked as a result. The Messina Chasmata have only a few superimposed craters, which implies being young; the feature was first imaged by Voyager 2 in January 1986
The Messinese is an indigenous breed of domestic goat from the area of the Monti Nebrodi and the Monti Peloritani in the province of Messina, in the Mediterranean island of Sicily, in southern Italy. It is raised in those areas, but in the provinces of Catania and Palermo, its range overlaps that of the Argentata dell'Etna. The breed was recognised and a herd-book established in 2001, it was known either as the Capra dei Nebrodi or in general as the Siciliana Comune. The Messinese is one of the forty-three autochthonous Italian goat breeds of limited distribution for which a herdbook is kept by the Associazione Nazionale della Pastorizia, the Italian national association of sheep- and goat-breeders. At the end of 2013 the registered population was variously reported as 9814 and as 10,409; the milk yield per lactation of the Messinese is 137 ± 66 litres for primiparous, 170 ± 35 l for secondiparous, 188 ± 36 l for pluriparous, nannies. The milk averages 5.83% fat and 4.13% protein, is used to make caprino and mixed-milk cheeses