Methodios I of Constantinople
St. Methodios I or Methodius I, was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from March 4, 843 to June 14, 847, he was died in Constantinople. His feast day is celebrated on June 14 in the West. Born to wealthy parents, Methodios was sent as a young man to Constantinople to continue his education and attain an appointment at court, but instead he entered a monastery in Bithynia becoming abbot. Under Emperor Leo V the Armenian the Iconoclast persecution broke out for the second time. In 815 Methodios went to Rome as an envoy of the deposed Patriarch Niκephorοs. Upon his return in 821 he was arrested and exiled as an iconodule by the Iconoclast regime of Emperor Michael II. Methodios was released in 829 and assumed a position of importance at the court of the more fervently iconoclast Emperor Theophilos. Soon after the death of the emperor, in 843, the influential minister Theoktistos convinced the Empress Mother Theodora, as regent for her two-year-old son Michael III, to permit the restoration of icons by arranging that her dead husband would not be condemned.
He deposed the iconoclast Patriarch John VII Grammatikos and secured the appointment of Methodios as his successor, bringing about the end of the iconoclast controversy. A week after his appointment, accompanied by Theodora and Theoktistos, Methodios made a triumphal procession from the church of Blachernae to Hagia Sophia on March 11, 843, restoring the icons to the church; this heralded the restoration of Catholic orthodoxy, became a holiday in the Byzantine Church, celebrated every year on the First Sunday of Great Lent, known as the "Triumph of Orthodoxy". Throughout his short patriarchate, Methodios tried to pursue a moderate line of accommodation with members of the clergy who were Iconoclasts; this policy was opposed by extremists the monks of the Stoudios monastery, who demanded that the former Iconoclasts be punished as heretics. To rein in the extremists, Methodios was forced to excommunicate and arrest some of the more persevering monks. Methodios was indeed well-educated, his individual works included polemica and liturgical works and poetry.
The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, Oxford University Press, 1991. Methodius I article in the Catholic Encyclopedia St Methodius the Patriarch of Constantinople Orthodox Icon and Synaxarion
Methodius of Olympus
The Church Father and Saint Methodius of Olympus was a Christian bishop, ecclesiastical author, martyr. He is commemorated on June 20. Few reports have survived on the life of this first systematic opponent of Origen. Eusebius does not mention him in his Church History because he opposed various theories of Origen. We are indebted to Saint Jerome for the earliest accounts of him. According to him, Methodius was Bishop of afterwards Bishop of Tyre; the latter statement is not reliable. Jerome further states that Methodius suffered martyrdom at the end of the last persecution, i.e. under Maximinus Daia. Although he adds, "that some assert", that this may have happened under Decius and Valerian at Chalcis, this statement, adduced by him as uncertain, is unlikely. Various attempts have been made to clear up the error concerning the mention of Tyre as a subsequent bishopric of Methodius. Methodius had a comprehensive philosophical education, was an important theologian as well as a prolific and polished author.
Chronologically, his works can only be assigned in a general way to the end of the third and the beginning of the 4th century. He became of special importance in the history of theological literature, in that he combated various views of the great Alexandrian, Origen, he attacked his doctrine that man's body at the resurrection is not the same body as he had in life, as well as his idea of the world's eternity. He recognized the great services of Origen in ecclesiastical theology. Like Origen, he is influenced by Plato's philosophy, uses to a great extent the allegorical explanation of Scripture. Of his numerous works only one has come down to us complete in a Greek text: the dialogue on virginity, under the title Symposium, or on Virginity. In the dialogue, composed with reference to Plato's Symposium, he depicts a festive meal of ten virgins in the garden of Arete, at which each of the participators extols Christian virginity and its sublime excellence, it concludes with a hymn on Jesus as the Bridegroom of the Church.
Larger fragments are preserved of several other writings in Greek. The following works are in the form of dialogue: On Free Will, an important treatise attacking the Gnostic view of the origin of evil and in proof of the freedom of the human will On the Resurrection, in which the doctrine that the same body that man has in life will be awakened to incorruptibility at the resurrection is specially put forward in opposition to Origen. While large portions of the original Greek text of both these writings are preserved, we have only Slavonic versions of the four following shorter treatises: De vita, on life and rational action, which exhorts in particular to contentedness in this life and to the hope of the life to come De cibis, on the Jewish dietary laws, on the young cow, mentioned in Leviticus, with allegorical explanation of the Old Testament food-legislation and the red cow De lepra, on leprosy, to Sistelius, a dialogue between Eubulius and Sistelius on the mystic sense of the Old Testament references to lepers De sanguisuga, on the leech in Proverbs and on the text, "the heavens show forth the glory of God".
Of other writings, no longer extant, Jerome mentions a voluminous work against Porphyry, the Neoplatonist who had published a book against Christianity. Other authors attributed a work On the Martyrs, a dialogue Xenon to Methodius. Gregory Abu'l Faraj attribute to Methodius some kind of work dealing with the patriarchs; the 7th-century Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius is falsely attributed to him. His feast day is September 18. Among the editions of his works are: P. G. XVIII. Six brief points summarize his contribution concerning Revelation: Woman of Revelation 12 is the Church. 1260 Days Precede New Dispensation. New Earth Follows Present Earth. Contends Against Origen on the Resurrection. Change of World to More Glorious Condition After the Conflagration. Bodies Received in the Resurrection Never Die. Methodius taught that Jesus Christ remained a virgin His whole life as an example for men: "What did the Lord, the Truth and the Light, accomplish on coming down to the world? He preserved His flesh incorrupt in virginity with.
And so let us too, if we are to come to the likeness of God, endeavor to aspire to the virginity of Christ." Froom, LeRoy. The Prophetic Faith of our Fathers. 1. Patterson, L. G. Methodius of Olympus: Divine Sovereignty, Human Freedom, Life in Christ; the Writings of Methodius, Alexander of Lycopolis, Peter of Alexandria: and several fragments 1869 English translation Albert Jahnius, ed.. S. Methodii Opera Et S. Methodius Platonizans. Pars I. Halis Saxonum, C. E
Metropolitan Methodios of Boston is the spiritual leader of the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Boston which includes all of Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont and the Connecticut towns of Danielson, New London and Norwich. The Metropolis, whose offices are located in Brookline, consists of 63 parishes which minister to the needs of 200,000 Greek Orthodox faithful. Methodios was enthroned as Bishop of Boston on April 8, 1984 and was elevated to a Metropolitan in 1997. During his tenure, he founded the Philoxenia House and oversaw the purchase and building of the St. Methodios Faith and Heritage Center in Contoocook, New Hampshire. Metropolitan Methodios was born George Tournas on November 19, 1946 in New York City, New York, was the third child of Stavroula and Vasilios Tournas, he graduated from the Greek Orthodox Cathedral Parochial School in New York City and the McBurney School in Manhattan. Methodios received the Bachelor of Arts degree from Hellenic College in Brookline in 1968 and the Bachelor of Divinity Degree from Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology in 1971.
In 1972 he earned the Master of Sacred Theology from Boston University and in 1975 the University of Thessaloniki, awarded him Theological Accreditation upon completion of further studies there. Boston University awarded Methodios the Honorary Doctor of Divinity Degree in May 1985. In June 1995 the American International College in Springfield, awarded Methodios the Honorary Degree of Humane Letters, his Alma Mater, Hellenic College-Holy Cross, awarded him an Honorary Doctor of Divinity Degree on May 19, 2001. Metropolitan Methodios served as a member of the National Orthodox-Roman Catholic Consultations Board; as a member of the Appeal of Conscience Foundation, an Organization devoted to the cause of worldwide religious freedom for all denominations, Metropolitan Methodios traveled to Hungary in 1981, and, in the fall of 1982 he was a member of a three-man religious delegation that visited the Soviet Union. A second visit to the Soviet Union was made in September 1984. Metropolitan Methodios is a member of the Holy Synod of the Greek Orthodox Church in the United States, served on the Executive Board of the National Council of Churches and is a member of the Massachusetts Commission on Christian Unity and the New England Consultation of Church Leaders.
He is listed in Who is Who in Religion, is a member of the Standing Conference of Canonical Orthodox Bishops in the Americas and serves on various other religious boards and organizations. Methodios was enthroned as the Bishop of Boston on April 8, 1984, following his election to that post by the Holy Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in Phanar, Turkey. In July 1989 Bishop Methodios assumed the Presidency of Hellenic College and Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology in Brookline and held that position until 1995. In November 1997, the Holy Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate elevated Bishop Methodios to the office of Metropolitan along with the other bishops of the Archdiocese of America. However, his see remained a diocese until December 2002. A Hierarch of vision, Metropolitan Methodios inspired the faithful of the Metropolis of Boston to support him in the construction of a magnificent Center located at 162 Goddard Avenue in Brookline. Groundbreaking for this edifice took place on September 14, 1985.
It was completed a year on September 14, 1986. From this Center, the focal point of the Metropolis in New England, many programs emanate which serve and enlighten the faithful and share Orthodoxy with the public-at-large; these programs include the Marriage Preparation Seminars, instituted by Metropolitan Methodios in 1987, for all couples who are getting married in the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Boston. It is a most successful program, being adapted nationally. In 1986 Metropolitan Methodios established the Philoxenia House which offers hospitality to patients and those who accompany them who come to Boston for medical reasons and cannot afford to stay in hotels. Guests to the Philoxenia House have come from Greece, South America, South Africa, Russia, Yugoslavia and from throughout the United States. Metropolitan Methodios is assisted by the Philoptochos Women and the faithful throughout the Metropolis in this ministry. In the summer of 1998, the Diocese of Boston acquired Camp Merrimac in Contoocook, New Hampshire, a large, picturesque piece of property which became the St. Methodios Faith and Heritage Center, offering programs for all.
The Bishop, who walks at the annual Walk for Hunger sponsored by Project Bread, Inc. is a frequent visitor to area soup kitchens where he serves food to those who are in need. For his "unique contribution in the crusade against hunger and homelessness," Metropolitan Methodios has been honored by the Quincy Community Action Organization Inc, in Quincy, Massachusetts, he has been awarded the "Good Neighbor" Award by the Brotherhood Mishkan Tefila in Chestnut Hill. In late July 2017, Methodios gained local media attention after firing longtime priest Father Nicholas Kastanas of the St Athanasius the Great Greek Orthodox Church in Arlington, Massachusetts. On November 17, 2017, the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Boston published "A Message from the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Boston Concerning St. Athanasius the Great of Arlington, MA" that included "Frequently Asked Questions" and an accompanying "Timeline of Events," documents which detailed the events leading up to Father Kastanas' removal from his pastoral duties in Arlington.
Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Boston Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople Metropolitan Methodios of Boston from the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Boston's website
Roman Catholic Archbishopric of Moravia
The Archbishopric of Moravia was an ecclesiastical province, established by the Holy See to promote Christian missions among the Slavic peoples. Its first archbishop, the Byzantine Methodius, persuaded Pope John VIII to sanction the use of Old Church Slavonic in liturgy. Methodius was consecrated archbishop of Pannonia by Pope Adrian II at the request of Koceľ, the Slavic ruler of Pannonia in East Francia in 870. Methodius's appointment was opposed by the Bavarian prelates the Archbishop of Salzburg and the Bishop of Passau, because missionaries from their dioceses had been active for decades in the territory designated to Methodius, including Pannonia and Moravia. Methodius was soon imprisoned, he was only released in 873 on Pope John VIII's order. He settled in Moravia which emerged as a leading power in Central Europe during the next decade in the reign of Svatopluk. However, most clerics, who had come from East Francia, were hostile to the archbishop, who introduced Byzantine customs and promoted the use of vernacular in liturgy.
They accused Methodius of heresy. The pope strengthened Methodious's position, declaring that all clerics in Moravia, including the newly consecrated bishop of Nitra, were to be obedient to Methodius in 880. Methodius died on 6 April 885. Wiching, Bishop of Nitra, who had always been hostile to the archbishop, expelled his disciples from Moravia. No new archbishop was appointed, Wiching, who remained the only prelate with a see in Moravia, settled in East Francia in the early 890s. Church hierarchy was only restored in Moravia when the legates of Pope John IX consecrated an archbishop and three bishops around 899. However, the Magyars occupied Moravia in the first decade of the 10th century; the Avar Khaganate, the dominant power of Central Europe in the early Middle Ages, had a decisive impact on the neighboring Slavic rulers' way of life. The Avars' power collapsed after the Franks launched military campaigns against the western territories of the Khaganate in the 790s. At a synod that Charlemagne's son, held in 796, the bishops made decisions on several aspects of missionary work in the newly conquered Pannonia.
They ruled that the local Christians, baptised in the name of the Trinity should not be rebaptised in contrast with those who had not received baptism properly. Charlemagne divided the newly conquered territory along the river Drava between the Bishopric of Salzburg and the Patriarchate of Aquileia in 796 or 797; the see of Salzburg became an archbishopric in 798, with five suffragan bishoprics, including the Diocese of Passau. Missionaries from Salzburg were active among the Slavs in Carantania. Clerics dispatched by the bishops of Passau worked in Moravia. Adalram, archbishop of Salzburg between 821 and 836, consecrated a church for one Pribina "on his estate at a place over the Danube called Nitrava", according to the Conversio Bagoariorum et Carantanorum. Historians date this event between 828 and 832, but Pribina was only baptised in the Carolingian Empire after Mojmir I of Moravia expelled him from his homeland around 833. Pribina settled in Pannonia, he cooperated with Liupramm, Archbishop of Salzburg, who consecrated churches for him in Mosaburg, Ptuj, Pécs and other settlements in Pannonia between 850 and 859.
The Notae de episcopis Pateviensibus recorded that Reginhar, Bishop of Passau, "baptised all Moravians" in 831. However, 21 years the prelates in East Francia still considered Moravian Christianity "coarse"; the Life of Constantine the Philosopher emphasized that the German missionaries "forbade neither the offering of sacrifices according to the ancient custom, nor shameful marriages". The Life of Methodius mentioned that "many Christian teachers", or missionaries, had come to Moravia "from among the Italians and Germans" who taught the local Christians "in various ways". Mojmir I's successor, Rastislav of Moravia, Rastislav's nephew and Pribina's son and successor, Koceľ, approached the Holy See to ask for "a teacher" in the early 860s, according to the letter Gloria in excelsis Deo, of dubious authenticity, recorded in the Life of Methodius and is attributed to Pope Adrian II. If the report of the Slavic princes' request is reliable, they did not receive an answer. Rastislav sent his envoys to the Byzantine Emperor, Michael III, asking him to send missionaries to educate the local priests in Moravia.
Rastislav's actions show. Emperor Michael III dispatched two experienced diplomats and missionaries and Methodius—the sons of a military officer from Thessaloniki—to Rastislav's court; the brothers and their retinue arrived in Moravia in 863 and 864. Constantine translated religious texts to Slavic, using an alphabet he had invented for this purpose; the use of the vernacular enabled the missionaries to accelerate the education of local priests. However, it contradicted "trilingualism"— the acceptance of Latin and Hebrew as sacred languages—which was the dominant view in Western Europe. Three or four years after their arrival and Methodius left Moravia to achieve the consecration of their pupils, because they did not know which bishop could ordain priests in Rastislav's realm. During the journey, they spent some time in Pannonia and taught the "Slavic letters" to the local ruler, Koceľ, fifty new students. From Pannonia, they went to Venice where "bishops, priests a
Saints Cyril and Methodius
Saints Cyril and Methodius were two brothers who were Byzantine Christian theologians and Christian missionaries. Through their work they influenced the cultural development of all Slavs, for which they received the title "Apostles to the Slavs", they are credited with devising the Glagolitic alphabet, the first alphabet used to transcribe Old Church Slavonic. After their deaths, their pupils continued their missionary work among other Slavs. Both brothers are venerated in the Orthodox Church as saints with the title of "equal-to-apostles". In 1880, Pope Leo XIII introduced their feast into the calendar of the Roman Catholic Church. In 1980, Pope John Paul II declared them co-patron saints of Europe, together with Benedict of Nursia; the two brothers were born in Thessalonica, in present-day Greece – Cyril in about 827–828 and Methodius about 815–820. Cyril was reputedly the youngest of seven brothers. Methodius was born Michael and was given the name Methodius upon becoming a monk at Mysian Olympus, in northwest Turkey.
Their father was Leo, a droungarios of the Byzantine theme of Thessalonica, their mother was Maria. The exact ethnic origins of the brothers are unknown, there is controversy as to whether Cyril and Methodius were of Slavic or Byzantine Greek origin, or both; the two brothers lost their father when Cyril was fourteen, the powerful minister Theoktistos, logothetes tou dromou, one of the chief ministers of the Empire, became their protector. He was responsible, along with the regent Bardas, for initiating a far-reaching educational program within the Empire which culminated in the establishment of the University of Magnaura, where Cyril was to teach. Cyril was ordained as priest some time after his education, while his brother Methodius remained a deacon until 867/868. About the year 860, Byzantine Emperor Michael III and the Patriarch of Constantinople Photius, sent Cyril on a missionary expedition to the Khazars who had requested a scholar be sent to them who could converse with both Jews and Saracens.
It has been claimed that Methodius accompanied Cyril on the mission to the Khazars, but this may be a invention. The account of his life presented in the Latin "Legenda" claims that he learned the Khazar language while in Chersonesos, in Taurica. After his return to Constantinople, Cyril assumed the role of professor of philosophy at the University while his brother had by this time become a significant player in Byzantine political and administrative affairs, an abbot of his monastery. In 862, the brothers began the work; that year Prince Rastislav of Great Moravia requested that Emperor Michael III and the Patriarch Photius send missionaries to evangelize his Slavic subjects. His motives in doing so were more political than religious. Rastislav had become king with the support of the Frankish ruler Louis the German, but subsequently sought to assert his independence from the Franks, it is a common misconception that Cyril and Methodius were the first to bring Christianity to Moravia, but the letter from Rastislav to Michael III states that Rastislav's people "had rejected paganism and adhere to the Christian law."
Rastislav is said to have expelled missionaries of the Roman Church and instead turned to Constantinople for ecclesiastical assistance and a degree of political support. The Emperor chose to send Cyril, accompanied by his brother Methodius; the request provided a convenient opportunity to expand Byzantine influence. Their first work seems to have been the training of assistants. In 863, they began the task of translating the Bible into the language now known as Old Church Slavonic and travelled to Great Moravia to promote it, they enjoyed considerable success in this endeavour. However, they came into conflict with German ecclesiastics who opposed their efforts to create a Slavic liturgy. For the purpose of this mission, they devised the Glagolitic alphabet, the first alphabet to be used for Slavonic manuscripts; the Glagolitic alphabet was suited to match the specific features of the Slavic language. Its descendant script, the Cyrillic, is still used by many languages today; the missionaries to the East and South Slavs had great success in part because they used the people's native language rather than Latin or Greek.
In Great Moravia and Methodius encountered Frankish missionaries from Germany, representing the western or Latin branch of the Church, more representing the Holy Roman Empire as founded by Charlemagne, committed to linguistic, cultural uniformity. They insisted on the use of the Latin liturgy, they regarded Moravia and the Slavic peoples as part of their rightful mission field; when friction developed, the brothers, unwilling to be a cause of dissension among Christians, travelled to Rome to see the Pope, seeking an agreement that would avoid quarrelling between missionaries in the field. Pope Adrian II gave Methodius the title of Archbishop of Sirmium and sent him back in 869, with jurisdiction over all of Moravia and Pannonia, authorisation to use the Slavonic Liturgy. Soon, Prince Ratislav, who had invited the brothers to Moravia and his successor did not support Methodius. In 870 the Frankish king Louis and his bishops deposed Methodius at a synod at Ratisbon, imprisoned him for a little over two years.
Berat, is the ninth largest city by population of the Republic of Albania. The city is the capital of the surrounding Berat County, one of 12 constituent counties of the country. By air, it is 71 kilometres north of Gjirokastër, 70 kilometres west of Korçë, 70 kilometres south of Tirana and 33 kilometres east of Fier. Geographically, Berat is located in the south of the country surrounded by mountains and hills including Tomorr on the east, declared a national park. For a total length of 161 kilometres the Osum River runs through the city before it empties into the Seman River within the Myzeqe Plain. Berat, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2008, comprise a unique style of architecture with influences from several civilizations that have managed to coexist for centuries throughout the history. Like many cities in Albania, Berat comprises an old fortified city filled with churches and mosques painted with grandiose wealth of visible murals and frescos; the name of the city in Albanian is "Berat" or "Berati", derived from the Old Slavonic Бѣлградъ or "Belgrad", under which name it was known in Greek, Bulgarian and Slavic documents during the High and Late Middle Ages.
That name was rendered as Bellegrada in Greek. It is believed to have been the site of the ancient city "Antipatreia" or "Antipatrea" in Latin, while during the early Byzantine Empire the name of the town was "Pulcheriopolis". In the Republic of Venice the city was known as Belgrad di Romania, while in the Ottoman Empire it was known as Belgrad-i Arnavud to distinguish it from Belgrade. Berat lies on the right bank of the river Osum, a short distance from the point where it is joined by the Molisht river; the old city centre consists of three parts: Kalaja and Gorica. It has a wealth of beautiful buildings of high historical interest; the pine forests above the city, on the slopes of the towering Tomorr mountains, provide a backdrop of appropriate grandeur. The Osumi river has cut a 915-metre deep gorge through the limestone rock on the west side of the valley to form a precipitous natural fortress, around which the town was built on several river terraces. According to an Albanian legend, the Tomorr mountain was a giant, who fought with another giant called Shpirag over a young woman.
They killed each other and the girl drowned in her tears, which became the Osum river. Mount Shpirag, named after the second giant, is on the left bank of the gorge, above the district of Gorica. Berat is known to Albanians as the city of "One above another Windows", or The City of Two Thousand Steps, it was proclaimed a'Museum City' by the dictator Enver Hoxha in June 1961. The earliest recorded inhabitants of the city were the Illyrian tribe of the Dassaretae or Dexarioi, the northernmost subgroup of the Chaonians, the region was known as Dessaretis after them. Modern Berat occupies the site of Antipatreia, a settlement of the Dexarioi and a Macedonian stronghold in southern Illyria; the founding date is unknown, although if Cassander is the founder it has been suggested that Antipatreia was founded after he took control of the region around 314 BC. In 200 BC it was captured by the Roman legatus Lucius Apustius, who razed the walls and massacred the male population of the city; the town became part of the unstable frontier of the Byzantine Empire following the fall of the western Roman Empire and, along with much of the rest of the Balkan peninsula, it suffered from repeated invasions by Slavs.
During the Roman and early Byzantine period, the city was known as Pulcheriopolis. The First Bulgarian Empire under Presian I captured the town in the 9th century, the city received the Slavic name Belgrad, Belegrada in Greek, which persisted throughout the medieval period, changing to Berat under Ottoman rule; the town became one of the most important towns in the Bulgarian region Kutmichevitsa. The Bulgarian governor Elemag surrendered the city to the emperor Basil II in 1018, the city remained in Byzantine hands until the Second Bulgarian Empire retook the city in 1203 during the rule of Kaloyan. During the 13th century, it fell to the ruler of the Despotate of Epirus. Byzantine Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos sent letters to the Albanian leaders of Berat and Durrës in 1272 asking them to abandon their alliance with Charles I of Naples, leader of the Kingdom of Albania, who had captured and incorporated it at the same period in the Kingdom of Albania. However, they sent the letters to Charles as a sign of their loyalty.
In 1274 Michael VIII recaptured Berat and after being joined by Albanians who supported the Byzantine Empire, marched unsuccessfully against the Angevin capital of Durrës. In 1280-1281 the Sicilian forces under Hugh the Red of Sully laid siege to Berat. In March 1281 a relief force from Constantinople under the command of Michael Tarchaneiotes was able to drive off the besieging Sicilian army. In the 13th century Berat again fell under the control of the Byzantine Empire. In 1335 Albanians from Epirus Nova invaded the area of Berat and appeared in Epirus for the first time, while in 1345 the town passed to the Serbian Empire. After its dissolution in 1355 Berat came under suzerainty of its former governor, John Komnenos Asen (1345-
Methodios Anthrakites was a Greek scholar and director of the Gioumeios and Epiphaneios Schools in Ioannina. He made a significant contribution in the growth of Greek Enlightenment during the Ottoman occupation of Greece. Anthrakites was born in the Zagori region, he studied in the Gioumeios School in Ioannina under Georgios Sougdouris. After becoming a priest, he left for Venice in 1697, where he studied Mathematics, his stay in Venice lasted until 1708, during which period he was priest at the San Giorgio dei Greci. He returned to Greece in 1708 to become the first director of the Ierospoudasterion, a new school founded in Kastoria in Macedonia with a benefaction from Georgios Kastriotis, a wealthy Greek from Kastoria, living in Wallachia. There he focused on teaching contemporary European philosophy and mathematics. In his book “The Way of Mathematics” edited and re-printed by his student Balanos Vasilopoulos, Anthrakites referred to the Copernican heliocentric system, although he supported the geocentric system.
His teachings were regarded as unusual enough at the time to give rise to suspicion in Church circles. Anthrakites resigned from the Ierospoudasterion in 1718 and moved to Siatista in Macedonia, where he taught for another two years, he returned to Kastoria and in 1723 appeared before the Bishop of Achris Ioasaph to defend his Christian faith. After that journey he moved back to Ioannina. On 23 August 1723, the Patriarchate of Constantinople formally accused him for heresy as a “Cartesianist” and issued a condemnation of his teachings. Anthrakites was suspended from the Church. Scholars from Ioannina protested the decision to the bishop of Nikopolis Paisios. Subsequently Anthrakites went to Constantinople, where he publicly burned his manuscripts after defending himself at the Orthodox Synod, he was forbidden from teaching anything other than accepted theological doctrine. From 1725 he became director of the Epiphaneios School in Ioannina until his death in 1736; some of his manuscripts have been lost because of his excommunication.
His known works are: Επίσκεψις Πνευματική “Spiritual Visitation“, Venice, 1707 Βοσκός λογικών προβάτων “Shepherd of rational sheep“, Venice, 1708 Θεωρίαι χριστιανικαί και ψυχοφελείς νουθεσίαι “Christian Theories and Spiritual Advises“, Venice, 1708 Οδός Μαθηματική “The Way of Mathematics”, Venice, 1749 Λογική ελάττων “Lesser Logic”, 1953 Εισαγωγή της Λογικής “Introduction to Logic”, Λόγος εις τον προφήτην Ηλίαν ”Sermon on Prophetes Elias“