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Zastava Arms

Zastava Arms is a Serbian manufacturer of firearms and artillery, based in Kragujevac, Serbia. It was founded in 1853, it is the leading producer of firearms in Serbia and is a large contributor to the local defense industry. Zastava Arms produces and exports a wide variety of products to over forty countries, including the popular Zastava M70, a Kalashnikov rifle; the successful production of four four-pound cannons and two short howitzers on 27 October 1853 is date of foundation of Zastava Arms in Kragujevac. Between 1856 and 1860, the facilities in Kragujevac received many upgrades to its manufacturing system allowing the plant to produce weapons with full parts interchangeability. In 1878, one of the main priorities became the modernization of armaments. Serbian rifle „Piboduša“ Model 1870 Peabody became obsolete with their large 14,9mm caliber. After a research project and a competitive tender in 1879, a new model rifle was chosen as the replacement; the first domestic-made repeating rifle, a derivative of the Mauser Model 1871 bolt-action rifle, was designed in 1880 by Kosta Milovanović and was named Mauzer Milovanović M. 1880, known as "Mauser-Koka" or "Koka's Rifle", after its designer.

The weapon was called the Mauser-Milovanović M1878/80, cal. 10,15mm. In 1924 and 1925, the Ministry of the Interior signed contracts with FN Herstal, Belgium which allowed the production of M24 series bolt-action rifles chambered in 7.92×57mm Mauser. Factory for production of rifles and infantry ammunition was built; the factory for production of infantry ammunition started to work on 22 March 1928 and the factory for production of rifles and ammunition was put to operation on October 15. During 1930, the factory started the production of signal pistols 26 mm M 1929 on the basis of Czechoslovakian licence. In July 1936, the factory got a licence from the Czechoslovakian Zbrojovka Brno to produce light machineguns ZB vz. 26 7.9 mm M 1937. Zastava Arms was damaged during World War II; when Kragujevac was liberated on 21 October 1944, the weapons factory was put back into working order within months and production began shortly after, with the 9mm M 1944 B2 submachine gun developed during the same year.

The next postwar production rifle was the 7.92×57mm Mauser Model 1948 on the basis of Model 24. The production of air rifles and sporting rifles on the basis of rifle M48 started in 1953. In 1954 the Zastava started the production of shotguns and small bore rifles, as well as machine gun 7,9 mm M53 ¨Sarac¨. Batch production of semi-automatic rifle PAP M59 7.62×39mm started in 1964. In the 1964, the factory started the development of automatic rifle, of Kalashnikov system, named M67 in 1967. On the basis of rifle M67, the factory developed automatic rifle in caliber 7.62×39mm, named Zastava M70 in the following year. Yugoslav People's Army included assault rifle M70 in calibre 7.62×39mm into its armament in 1970. Small arms derivatives of the M70 produced rifles chambered in Western bloc ammunition such as 7.62×51mm NATO and 5.56×45mm NATO. In 1988, the factory developed a compact design pistol in 9 mm Parabellum model M88. In the 1980s, the plant for action of machine guns M84, M86 in 7.62×54mmR and heavy machine gun in 12.7 NSV M87 was set to operation as well.

In July 1989 Zastava started the development of the double-action pistol in calibre 9mm PARA CZ 99. In 1992, the factory finished the development and testing and started batch production of 7.62 mm submachine gun M92, based on submachine gun M85. Using the Mauser mechanism, the factory developed 12.7 mm long range rifle Black Arrow M93. During the Yugoslav Wars of 1991 to 1995, the United Nations placed economic sanctions on the import and export of weapons from Yugoslavia, production slowed as a result. In 1999 the factory was damaged by NATO bombing. In 2005, a memorandum of understanding was signed with Remington Arms to export hunting and sporting guns to the United States and Mexico. From 2005 to 2014, Zastava Arms was in restructuring. In 2013, the Government of Serbia made a decision to convert debt of defense industry companies to state into shares in a company, with Zastava Arms owing the most, over 80 million euros in taxes. However, the realization of that decision has been postponed indefinitely, making Zastava Arms the most indebted defense industry company in Serbia.

The Government of Serbia invested 9.7 million euros in factory's modernization in 2017, for the needs of defence industry. In January 2019, the creation of Zastava Arms USA was announced, which would serve as "exclusive importer and distributor" of Zastava Arms products for the US market; as of June 2019, company's debt in taxes increased to 85 million euros, with total debt being at around 145 million euros. Semi-automatic sporting rifles/pistols: Zastava PAP series Bolt-action rifles: Zastava M48 Semi-automatic rifles: Zastava PAP M59 Submachine guns: M56, M97, Master FLG Sniper rifles: M76, M91, M07 Pistols: P25, M57/M70A, M70, M88, CZ 99 Select-fire rifles: M70, M77, M80, M85, M90, M92, M21, M05, M17 Machine guns: M1937. S. website

Tony Soper

Tony Soper is a British naturalist and broadcaster. Soper was educated at Hyde Park Elementary School and at Devonport High School for Boys, both in Plymouth, he joined the BBC at 17 as a "youth-in-training", subsequently graduating by way of studio manager to features producer in radio moved into television. Among the radio programmes he produced. Soper co-founded the BBC's Natural History Unit as its first film producer, supported by Patrick Beech the South West Controller. Cutting his teeth on the LOOK series he organised far-flung wildlife filming projects, he presented live television programmes, including Birdwatch, Discovering Birds, Discovering Animals, Beside the Sea and Nature. Soper co-presented Animal Magic with Johnny Morris for a few years in the 1960s. For many years he had a regular column in the RSPB members' magazine; as Expedition Leader and a pioneer of wildlife cruising, he has spent the last twenty years exploring both polar regions. He holds a British Yachtmaster's licence and is a qualified compressed air, hard hat diver.

Soper's wife Hilary is a wildlife painter, they have two sons. He is a recipient of the British Naturalists' Association Peter Scott Memorial Award. A single 23-minute episode of Wildtrack is available as a bonus feature on the DVD and Blu-ray release of David Attenborough's 1979 series Life on Earth; the Bird Table Book Wildlife Begins at Home Everyday Birds Discovering Birds Penguins A Passion For Birds Owls Wildlife of the North Atlantic The Arctic: A Guide to Coastal Wildlife The Northwest Passage Antarctica: A Guide to the Wildlife Tony Soper's Home page

Prangin Road, George Town

Prangin Road is a major thoroughfare in the city of George Town in Penang, Malaysia. The one-way road, one of the busiest in the city centre, forms the southernmost limit of the city's UNESCO World Heritage Site and runs along some of the city's major landmarks, including Komtar and Prangin Mall. Prangin Road was named after a canal. For much of the 19th century, the Prangin Canal marked the southernmost limits of George Town; the canal has since been disused, while the construction of Komtar in the 1970s heralded more modern forms of urbanisation along Prangin Road. Prangin Road was named after the Prangin Canal, a two-metre wide waterway that once existed in the area; the canal ran along the road and into the sea, enabling sampans and small boats to ship in goods from larger vessels anchored in the Penang Straits, as well as agricultural produce from the interior of Penang Island downstream. Prangin Road was renamed Jalan Dr Lim Chwee Leong in honour of the father of Lim Chong Eu, the second Chief Minister of Penang.

Lim Chwee Leong, who hailed from Singapore, moved to George Town during the early 20th century and subsequently set up his dispensary at the road. Nonetheless, local Penangites continue to refer to the road by Prangin Road; this reflects a strong conservatism among the locals, who view Penang's colonial history as part of their local identity. It is believed; as the Prangin Canal facilitated the transportation of goods from the sea and the interior, a wet market, known as'Sia Boey' in Penang Hokkien, was built along the road. The term'Sia Boey' meant the end of the town, indeed, for much of the 19th century, Prangin Road marked the southernmost boundary of George Town. Prangin Canal remained in use until the 1950s. However, the advent of motorised vehicles, as well as more modern forms of urbanisation, began to threaten the existence of both the canal and the Sia Boey Market. By the 1970s, much of the canal was covered up. Concurrently, the construction of Komtar spelled the end of the Sia Boey Market, which has since been relocated east to Macallum Street Ghaut.

The road was renamed after Lim Chwee Leong in the 1980s. Komtar Prangin Mall Sia Boey Market List of roads in George Town

E. J. C. Morton

Edward John Chalmers Morton, known as E. J. C. Morton, was a British barrister and Liberal Party politician who sat in the House of Commons as a Member of Parliament for Devonport from 1892 until his death. Morton was the son of John Chalmers Morton, was educated at Harrow School and at St John's College, where he won a scholarship in 1879 and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1880, he was called to the bar in 1885 at the Inner Temple, practised on the North Eastern Circuit. He was elected for Devonport at the 1892 general election, re-elected in 1895 and in 1900, his obituary in The Times lists him as an active member of the liberal party, a great platform speaker. He was listed in 1901 as secretary of the Home Rule Union. Morton underwent an operation in early autumn 1902, left for his sister′s residence at Amberley, Gloucestershire to recover, he died there on 3 October 1902. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Edward Morton


Monax Monax Industries Limited, is a blockchain and smart contract software technology company founded in 2014. Incorporated as "Eris Industries" and known as "Eris", the company changed its name to Monax in October 2016; the company has offices in Edinburgh and New York. Monax's product is a contract lifecycle management platform that uses blockchain, smart contracts and business processes to manage the contracts. Monax provides a free and open-source platform to assist developers to build and run blockchain and smart contract-based applications for business systems and processes; this platform was the first blockchain client in the market with a permissionable blockchain design contributed as Hyperledger Burrow. Monax included a reimplementation of the Ethereum Virtual Machine; the word "monax" is part of the binomial name for a groundhog. Monax's technology has a database-centric, rather than cryptocurrency-centric, approach to blockchain technology, their software is used by 40 member banks of the R3 distributed ledger consortium.

In November 2016 SWIFT, an 11,000-member financial market infrastructure provider, announced two blockchain prototypes, automating a corporate bond and ISO 20022 messaging, both using Monax's software. In February 2017, Monax joined the Hyperledger project and its submission, co-sponsored by Intel, was accepted in April 2017. In March 2017, Monax joined the Enterprise Ethereum Alliance connecting Fortune 500 enterprises, startups and technology vendors. In April 2018, Monax launched the Agreements Network that would be cofounded with 11 Blockchain and Law Firms. Official website Monax GitHub repository Hyperledger Burrow GitHub repository Hyperledger Projects Homepage