People (Australian magazine)
People is a fortnightly Australian lad's mag owned by Bauer Media Group. The magazine has been published since 1950, it is not to be confused with the gossip magazine known by that name in the United States. People focuses on celebrity interviews and scandal, glamour photography, sex stories sent in by readers, crosswords, a jokes page; the publisher is Bauer Media Pty Ltd. The headquarters is in Sydney. People was the first weekly magazine in Australia to feature topless models. 1950sPeople was first published in 1950. 1970sPix, a weekly men's magazine, merged with People in 1972. 1980sPeople magazine started a "Covergirl of the Year" quest in the early 1980s with Samantha Fox an early winner. The 1985 winner was Carolyn Kent. People had a deliberate policy of searching for "average Aussie birds" from 1985 onwards, trying to veer away from a reliance on U. K. Page 3 girl pictorials. Scouted by and photographed by Walter Glover, many popular "average" girls became popular and frequent cover girls; these include Lynda Lewis, Lisa Russell, Narelle Nixon, Melinda Smith, Raquel Samuels, Tanja Adams and Belinda Harrow (who appeared as the debut cover–centre of Picture magazine in 1988.
At its peak in the mid-1980s, People sold about 250,000 copies a week and was the fourth biggest-selling weekly magazine in Australia. Editor David Naylor said women were 30 per cent of the magazine's audience: "They liked doing the giant crossword on the train, the stories were fun. We had a few nipples but it was all wholesome and non-threatening." 1990sThough published by the same company, People had an early fierce rivalry with Picture magazine. Many girls defected from People to Picture, vice versa. In the early 1990s, People followed the lead of Picture and introduced "Home Girls" – amateur photos sent in by female readers. Picture was eroding People's sales figures by featuring nude photos, as opposed to People's topless-only stance. In 1992, People fought back, went nude. Gold Coast model Lisa Haslem became a figurehead at this time, it began to feature more celebrities and once again returned to Page three girls or American models. The reliance on Australian talent diminished. In 1992, the magazine was the subject of controversy for featuring a "woman on all fours in a dog collar" on its cover, which prompted "feminist uni students to protest in the streets."
The edition was banned from display by the Office of Film and Literature Classification and withdrawn from newsagents by its publisher. 2000sIn October 2000, the Big Pineapple, a tourist attraction on the Sunshine Coast, was used as a backdrop for one of People's photo spreads. Its operators claimed that the magazine's team "entered the park without permission" and the photos had "tarnished a squeaky clean reputation", they were reported to have been taking legal action and their lawyers sought a retraction and apology from the magazine. 2010sFrom January to March 2012, People's average sales were fewer than 28,000 copies a week. Official website Boyle, Peter. "Magazine sexism stirs opposition". Green Left Weekly. Retrieved 23 March 2016. Crittle, Simon. "Censored from a great height". The Sun-Herald. Archived from the original on 7 March 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2017
Fourth Labour Government of New Zealand
The Fourth Labour Government of New Zealand governed New Zealand from 26 July 1984 to 2 November 1990. It was the first Labour government to win a second consecutive term since the First Labour Government of 1935 to 1949; the policy agenda of the Fourth Labour Government differed from that of previous Labour governments: it enacted major social reforms and economic reforms. The economic reforms became known after Finance Minister Roger Douglas. According to one political scientist: The Labour government enacted nuclear-free legislation, which led to the United States suspending it's treaty obligations to New Zealand under the ANZUS alliance. David Lange led the government for most of its two three-year terms in office. Lange and Douglas had a falling out; the government suffered a defeat at the 1990 general election, but the incoming National government retained most of the reforms. A range of economic reforms collectively known as Rogernomics; these included: Floating the New Zealand dollar. Removing all agricultural subsidies.
Introducing GST. New banks were allowed. Reducing income and company tax. Removing controls on foreign exchange. Abolishing or reducing import tariffs. Corporatising many State owned enterprises such as the Post Office and Air New Zealand to be more like private businesses; some of these were privatised. Disestablishing the NZ Forest Service and sold the forests. Abolishing price controls and interest rate control. Privatised state assets, such as New Zealand Steel. Enabling the Reserve Bank to autonomously pursue an inflation target. Improving the reporting and accountability for government expenditure; the government's most notable foreign policy initiative concerned nuclear weapons and the ANZUS alliance. Many New Zealanders wanted to make New Zealand a nuclear-free zone. An opinion poll conducted by the Defence Committee showed that 92% of the population opposed the presence of nuclear weapons entering New Zealand; however this would require the banning of all American warships from entering New Zealand waters as it was US policy to'neither confirm nor deny' whether individual ships were nuclear armed.
The warships had been visiting New Zealand as part of the ANZUS alliance, most people hoped that the alliance could be preserved if the nuclear ban took effect. The issue came to a head shortly after the 1984 election, as a proposed visit by the USS Buchanan was on the cards. Lange announced that the Buchanan would not be welcome, the US suspended its treaty obligations to New Zealand under the ANZUS alliance; the issue became a cause célèbre in New Zealand primarily because small countries stand up to larger and more powerful countries in such a way. In America, those on the right called for trade sanctions against New Zealand while those on the left idealised the country. New Zealand's diplomatic relations with America have never returned to their pre-1984 status, although the nuclear issue is becoming less important; the government reinstated a diplomatic representative resident in India and appointed Edmund Hillary to the post. In 1989, New Zealand withdrawals all forces of the 1st Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment from Dieppe Barracks, Singapore.
Created the Royal Commission on the Electoral System. Constitution Act 1986 – codified important constitutional conventions in one enactment. New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990 -- enumerated political rights; the government's constitutional reforms were the work of Geoffrey Palmer, a constitutional lawyer who for many years had been concerned about New Zealand's lack of a written constitution and the'unbridled power' of the executive. These concerns came to the fore when the Government was elected to office, led to the Official Committee on Constitutional Reform, which reported back to Parliament in February 1986 and led to the 1986 Constitution Act. Palmer's government would provide a key example of the executive abusing its power, as one faction in cabinet exerted power disproportionate to its numbers. Palmer's plan for a written constitution and entrenched Bill of Rights was derailed by public indifference but by opposition from Māori who believed that the Treaty of Waitangi would be sidelined in the process.
Legalised sex between males over the age of 16. Passed the Children, Young Persons, Their Families Act 1989, introducing Family Group Conferences; the death penalty was abolished. Rape within marriage was criminalised. Road safety standards were improved through tighter law enforcement of substance-affected drivers. Spending on education and health was increased from 1985/86 to 1988/89, by 24% and 9.6% respectively. Disability benefits were increased, with the 1985 budget raising the Handicapped Child's Allowance by 31% and the disability allowance by 80%. A special earnings exemption of $20 per week was introduced for disabled beneficiaries as an incentive to personal effort. A new family support benefit raised the incomes of some poor families; the Social Assistance programme was reformed with the introduction of a guaranteed minimum family benefit. This fixed an income floor above the statutory minimum wage for persons with dependant children in full-time employment. Known as the Guaranteed Minimum Family Income, it guaranteed working families 80% of the average post-tax wage, although its impact on partici
The Sydney Morning Herald
The Sydney Morning Herald is a daily compact newspaper owned by Nine in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Founded in 1831 as the Sydney Herald, the SMH is the oldest continuously published newspaper in Australia and a national online news brand; the print version of the newspaper is published six days a week. The Sydney Morning Herald includes a variety including the magazines Good Weekend. There are a variety of lift-outs, some of them co-branded with online classified advertising sites: The Guide on Monday Good Food and Domain on Tuesday Money on Wednesday Drive, Shortlist on Friday News Review, Domain, Drive and MyCareer on SaturdayAs of February 2016, average week-day print circulation of the paper was 104,000; the editor is Lisa Davies. Former editors include Darren Goodsir, Judith Whelan, Sean Aylmer, Peter Fray, Meryl Constance, Amanda Wilson, William Curnow, Andrew Garran, Frederick William Ward, Charles Brunsdon Fletcher, Colin Bingham, Max Prisk, John Alexander, Paul McGeough, Alan Revell and Alan Oakley.
The February 2016 average circulation of the paper was 104,000. In December 2013, the Audit Bureau of Circulations's audit on newspaper circulation states a monthly average of 132,000 copies were sold, Monday to Friday, 228,000 copies on Saturday, both having declined 16% in 12 months. According to Roy Morgan Research Readership Surveys, in the twelve months to March 2011, the paper was read 766,000 times on Monday to Friday, read 1,014,000 times on Saturdays; the newspaper's website smh.com.au was rated by third-party web analytics providers Alexa and SimilarWeb as the 17th and 32nd most visited website in Australia as of July 2015. SimilarWeb rates the site as the fifth most visited news website in Australia and as the 42nd newspaper's website globally, attracting more than 15 million visitors per month, it is available nationally except in the Northern Territory. Limited copies of the newspaper are available at newsagents in New Zealand and at the High Commission of Australia, London. In 1831 three employees of the now-defunct Sydney Gazette, Ward Stephens, Frederick Stokes and William McGarvie, founded The Sydney Herald.
In 1931 a Centenary Supplement was published. The original four-page weekly had a print run of 750. In 1840, the newspaper began to publish daily. In 1841, an Englishman named John Fairfax purchased the operation, renaming it The Sydney Morning Herald the following year. Fairfax, whose family were to control the newspaper for 150 years, based his editorial policies "upon principles of candour and honour. We have no wish to mislead. During the decade 1890, Donald Murray worked there; the SMH was late to the trend of printing news rather than just advertising on the front page, doing so from 15 April 1944. Of the country's metropolitan dailies, only The West Australian was in making the switch. In 1949, the newspaper launched The Sunday Herald. Four years this was merged with the newly acquired Sun newspaper to create The Sun-Herald, which continues to this day. In 1995, the company launched the newspaper's web edition smh.com.au. The site has since grown to include interactive and multimedia features beyond the content in the print edition.
Around the same time, the organisation moved from Jones Street to new offices at Darling Park and built a new printing press at Chullora, in the city's west. The SMH has since moved with other Sydney Fairfax divisions to a building at Darling Island. In May 2007, Fairfax Media announced it would be moving from a broadsheet format to the smaller compact or tabloid-size, in the footsteps of The Times, for both The Sydney Morning Herald and The Age. Fairfax Media dumped these plans in the year. However, in June 2012, Fairfax Media again announced it planned to shift both broadsheet newspapers to tabloid size, in March 2013. Fairfax announced it would cut staff across the entire group by 1,900 over three years and erect paywalls around the papers' websites; the subscription type is to be a freemium model, limiting readers to a number of free stories per month, with a payment required for further access. The announcement was part of an overall "digital first" strategy of digital or on-line content over printed delivery, to "increase sharing of editorial content", to assist the management's wish for "full integration of its online and mobile platforms".
In July 2013 it was announced that the SMH's news director, Darren Goodsir, would become Editor-in-Chief, replacing Sean Aylmer. On 22 February 2014, the final Saturday edition was produced in broadsheet format with this too converted to compact format on 1 March 2014, ahead of the decommissioning of the printing plant at Chullora in June 2014. According to Irial Glynn, the newspaper's editorial stance is centrist, it is seen as the most centrist among the three major Australian non-tabloids. In 2004, the newspaper's editorial page stated: "market libertarianism and social liberalism" were the two "broad themes" that guided the Herald's editorial stance. During the 1999 referendum on whether Australia should become a republic, the Herald supported a "yes" vote; the newspaper did not endorse the Labor Party for federal office in the first six decades of Federation, but did endorse the party in 1961, 1984, 1987. During the 2004 Australian federal election, the Herald annou
DOLLY was an Australian bimonthly teen magazine started in 1970 by Fairfax Ltd. in Australia and New Zealand, purchased by ACP in 1988. The magazine became online-only publication and ceased the print edition in December 2016. Dolly was the inspiration for Sassy Magazine in the United States; the magazine is aimed at teenage girls and covers celebrity news and gossip and beauty and various feature articles attractive to female teenagers and dealing with issues that are faced by this age group and gender. The magazine has a website containing games, information on upcoming issues and downloads; the magazine has now produced over 400 issues and as of 2007 has a readership of 505,000. The magazine was launched by Anne Goldie in 1970; the editor was Josephine Rozenberg-Clarke. The previous editor was Lucy Cousins; the magazine has its headquarters in Sydney. In November 2016 it was announced that the December 2016 issue would be the last print issue of Dolly; the Dolly Model Competition is a branch from the Dolly magazine.
It is a competition held for teen readers to enter to have the chance to win a modelling career. The competition first started in 1992 and ended in 2002 when the editor in chief of Dolly, Mia Freedman felt it gave a negative impression towards young teenage girls and the Dolly brand. In 2012 it returned after a 10-year hiatus, with the winner announced as 13-year-old Kirsty Thatcher from Brisbane, Australia; the winner will be awarded a one year contract with Chadwick Modeling agency, a trip to New York to meet with Chadwick's US affiliates, a fashion and cover shoot on Dolly Magazine. Miranda Kerr is a former Victoria's Secret model. Past Winners Dolly Doctor is a segment that has run in Dolly since its first issue, which answers readers' health questions. John Wright was the first Dolly Doctor. Melissa Kang has been the Dolly Doctor since 1993, until the closing of the print edition. A Dolly Doctor standalone app was released in 2015. A comparison of Dolly Doctor with other Australian magazines found that Dolly Doctor gave the most accurate health advice.
Dolly Doctor closed in 2016. In 2005, Dolly came into media attention for taking advantage of young people wanting to get into the magazine industry. Dolly was accused of soliciting and ridiculing unpaid articles from hopeful young women looking for a job in magazine journalism. In Dolly's May 2007 issue featuring Christina Aguilera on the cover, controversy reigned supreme when a picture of a runway model's genitalia was published on page 24 in a section called Dollywood Gossip; the accompanying caption which included an arrow pointing to the model's genital region said "Look Closer, Eww! Not that close" and "Umm, we think you forgot something". Editor Bronwyn McCahon claimed that "It's a long story involving mag terms like "dyelines" and "corrupted PDFs", but we did cover the area and the little spot we used somehow fell off the page just before printing and we didn't notice". Dolly magazine website
New Zealand is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, the South Island —and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 2,000 kilometres east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and 1,000 kilometres south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia and Tonga; because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal and plant life; the country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington. Sometime between 1250 and 1300, Polynesians settled in the islands that were named New Zealand and developed a distinctive Māori culture. In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to sight New Zealand. In 1840, representatives of the United Kingdom and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands.
In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a dominion. Today, the majority of New Zealand's population of 4.9 million is of European descent. Reflecting this, New Zealand's culture is derived from Māori and early British settlers, with recent broadening arising from increased immigration; the official languages are English, Māori, NZ Sign Language, with English being dominant. A developed country, New Zealand ranks in international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic freedom. New Zealand underwent major economic changes during the 1980s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trade economy; the service sector dominates the national economy, followed by the industrial sector, agriculture. Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the prime minister Jacinda Ardern.
Queen Elizabeth II is the country's monarch and is represented by a governor-general Dame Patsy Reddy. In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes; the Realm of New Zealand includes Tokelau. New Zealand is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, ASEAN Plus Six, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Pacific Community and the Pacific Islands Forum. Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sighted New Zealand in 1642 and named it Staten Land "in honour of the States General", he wrote, "it is possible that this land joins to the Staten Land but it is uncertain", referring to a landmass of the same name at the southern tip of South America, discovered by Jacob Le Maire in 1616. In 1645, Dutch cartographers renamed the land Nova Zeelandia after the Dutch province of Zeeland. British explorer James Cook subsequently anglicised the name to New Zealand. Aotearoa is the current Māori name for New Zealand.
It is unknown whether Māori had a name for the whole country before the arrival of Europeans, with Aotearoa referring to just the North Island. Māori had several traditional names for the two main islands, including Te Ika-a-Māui for the North Island and Te Waipounamu or Te Waka o Aoraki for the South Island. Early European maps labelled the islands North and South. In 1830, maps began to use North and South to distinguish the two largest islands and by 1907 this was the accepted norm; the New Zealand Geographic Board discovered in 2009 that the names of the North Island and South Island had never been formalised, names and alternative names were formalised in 2013. This set the names as North Island or Te Ika-a-Māui, South Island or Te Waipounamu. For each island, either its English or Māori name can be used. New Zealand was one of the last major landmasses settled by humans. Radiocarbon dating, evidence of deforestation and mitochondrial DNA variability within Māori populations suggest New Zealand was first settled by Eastern Polynesians between 1250 and 1300, concluding a long series of voyages through the southern Pacific islands.
Over the centuries that followed, these settlers developed a distinct culture now known as Māori. The population was divided into iwi and hapū who would sometimes cooperate, sometimes compete and sometimes fight against each other. At some point a group of Māori migrated to Rēkohu, now known as the Chatham Islands, where they developed their distinct Moriori culture; the Moriori population was all but wiped out between 1835 and 1862 because of Taranaki Māori invasion and enslavement in the 1830s, although European diseases contributed. In 1862 only 101 survived, the last known full-blooded Moriori died in 1933; the first Europeans known to have reached New Zeala
Bravo Sport is a sports magazine for young people dedicated to soccer in Germany. It has 72 pages. In addition to soccer, Bravo Sport deals with other sports such as fun sports, Formula 1 or US sports; the magazine contains an extra, such as stickers or megaposters in DIN A2 format. Each issue includes posters showing soccer players or other athletes "in action"; the cover is adorned by soccer players or other top athletes. The magazine contains interviews with soccer players and other famous athletes as well as insights into private life and the training of the "stars". Bravo Sport awards the Bravo Otto to soccer players and sports teams; the winners will be chosen by Bravo Sport readers. The magazine appeared in a new look from 14 January 2010. In addition, the lettering of the "Bravo Sport" logo was revised. Since 2019, the magazine has no longer been monthly; the paid circulation is 45,654 copies, a minus of 82.6 percent since 1998