Metro Atlalilco is a station along Line 8 and Line 12 of the metro of Mexico City. Atlalilco is a transfer station between the Line 12 and Line 8, it is located on the Calzada Ermita Iztapalapa in the Colonia Santa Isabel Industrial neighbourhood. The station's logo is a well of water. Atlalilco in Nahuatl means: "where water is kept", it opened for service along Line 8 on 20 July 1994. The distance between transfer station in Line 8 and Line 12 measures about 800 m because Metro Axomulco station was cancelled. Media related to Atlalilco at Wikimedia Commons
Nopal is a common name in Spanish for Opuntia cacti, as well as for its pads. There are one hundred and fourteen known species endemic to Mexico, where the plant is a common ingredient in numerous Mexican cuisine dishes; the nopal pads can be eaten raw or cooked, used in marmalades, soups and salads, as well as being used for traditional medicine or as fodder for animals. Farmed nopales are most of the species Opuntia ficus-indica or Opuntia matudae although the pads of all Opuntia species are edible; the other part of the nopal cactus, edible is the fruit called the tuna in Spanish, the "prickly pear" in English. Nopales are sold fresh in Mexico, cleaned of spines, sliced to the customer's desire on the spot, they can be found canned or bottled, less dried for export. Cut into slices or diced into cubes, nopales have a light tart flavor, like green beans, a crisp, mucilaginous texture. In most recipes, the mucilaginous liquid they contain is included in the cooking, they are at their most tender and juicy in the spring.
Nopales are most used in Mexican cuisine in dishes such as huevos con nopales "eggs with nopal", carne con nopales "meat with nopal", tacos de nopales, in salads with tomato and queso panela, or on their own as a side vegetable. Nopales have grown to be an important ingredient in New Mexican cuisine and in Tejano culture of Texas. Per US cup serving, nopal fruit is an excellent source of the dietary mineral manganese and a good source of vitamin C, magnesium and calcium, with nutrient content improving as the plant matures, its calcium may not be biologically available because it is present as calcium oxalate, a non-absorbable complex in the small intestine. The nopal cactus grows extensively throughout Mexico, being abundant in the central Mexican arid and semi arid regions. In Mexico there are over three million hectares of land used to cultivate nopal. There are three typical ways to cultivate nopal cacti — commercial plantations, family farms and gardens, or in the wild; the main use for cultivated nopal is for feed for livestock with one hundred and fifty thousand hectares designated to that purpose.
After that 57,000 ha are used to produce prickly pear fruit, 10,500 ha for the pads production, 100 ha to cochineal production. In 1996 there were 20,300 prickly pear farmers, as well as around 8000 general nopal farmers, with all of the people involved in the processing industries and in cochineal production, employing a significant number of the Mexican population. Nopal is grown in eighteen of the Mexican states with 74% in the Distrito Federal, with an annual yield of 58,000 tons of both the tuna and the pads; the farming of nopal provides many subsistence communities with employment, food and allows them to remain on their land. Detection of the cactus-eating moth Cactoblastis cactorum in Mexico in 2006 caused anxiety among the country's phytosanitary authorities, as this insect can be devastating for the cactus industry. On the other hand, the same insect was used in Australia in 1925 to control the cactus population, as it became an invasive species after its introduction. Nopaltilla
Olivos is a station on Line 12 of the Mexico City Metro. The station is located between Nopalera, it was opened on 30 October 2012 as a part of the first stretch of Line 12 between Mixcoac and Tláhuac. The station is located southeast of the city center on Avenida Tlahuac, close to Plaza Tlahuac, it is built above the ground. The name of the station references the area's reputation for olive oil production during the Colonial period and the icon for the station shows the outline of an olive branch. Media related to Olivos at Wikimedia Commons
Metro Eje Central
Metro Eje Central is a station on Line 12 of the Mexico City Metro. The station is located between Ermita, it was opened on 30 October 2012 as a part of the first stretch of Line 12 between Mixcoac and Tláhuac. The station is located south of the city center, at the intersection between Eje Central and Avenida Popocatepetl, it is built underground. The station's icon shows the outline of a Mexico City trolleybus. Media related to Eje Central at Wikimedia Commons
Metro Insurgentes Sur
Metro Insurgentes Sur is a station on Line 12 of the Mexico City Metro. The station is located between Hospital 20 de Noviembre, it was opened on 30 October 2012 as part of the first stretch of Line 12 between Mixcoac and Tláhuac. It is built underground; the station is located south of the city center, at the intersection between Avenida de los Insurgentes, Eje 7 Sur Extremadura, Eje 7 Félix Cuevas, in the Benito Juárez borough. The station, receives its name from being at the southern section of the Avenida de los Insurgentes; the icon for the station depicts Miguel Hidalgo and José Morelos, two of the main rebel leaders during the Mexican War of Independence. The stations serves the following neighborhoods: Colonia del Valle, Tlacoquemecatl del Valle, Extremadura Insurgentes, San José Insurgentes. In the initial Line 12 plans, the station was to be named Extremadura, due to its location at the intersection of Avenida de los Insurgentes Sur and Eje 7 Sur, which receives the name of Félix Cuevas to the east of Avenida de los Insurgentes, Extremadura to the west of the Insurgentes avenue.
Parque Hundido, park. Parque San Lorenzo, park. Northwest: Avenida de los Insurgentes Sur and Eje 7 Sur Félix Cuevas, Col. Tlacoquemécatl del Valle Southwest: Avenida de los Insurgentes Sur and Eje 7 Sur Félix Cuevas, Col. Actipán Northeast: Eje 7 Sur Félix Cuevas and Tejocotes street, Col. Tlacoquemécatl del Valle Media related to Insurgentes Sur at Wikimedia Commons
Ermita is a station on Line 2 and Line 12 of the Mexico City Metro system. According to the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo, Ermita serves as a transfer station of Line 12, it is located in the Benito Juárez borough of Mexico City, directly south of the city centre on Calzada de Tlalpan. It is a surface station; the station logo depicts a chapel: the Spanish word ermita means a small chapel constructed outside a church. The name of this station refers to San Cosme ermita, constructed in 1526; the station was opened on 1 August 1970. The Line 12 station was opened on 30 October 2012 as a part of the first stretch of the line between Mixcoac and Tláhuac. Ermita provides a transfer with trolleybus Line "D", which connects with Metro Mixcoac, Metro Zapata, Metro Portales. Ermita is not far from trolleybus Line "E". East: Calzada de Tlalpan between Av. Repúblicas and Pirineos street, Colonia Miravalle West: Calzada de Tlalpan between Av. Repúblicas and Pirineos street, Colonia Portales Northeast: Ermita Iztapalapa and Miravalle street, Colonia Miravalle Southeast: Ermita Iztapalapa and Francisco Rojas González street, Colonia Ermita East: Calzada de Tlalpan and Ermita Iztapalapa, Colonia Ermita List of Mexico City metro stations Media related to Ermita at Wikimedia Commons
Mexico City Metro
The Mexico City Metro called Sistema de Transporte Colectivo shortened to STC, is a rapid transit system that serves the metropolitan area of Mexico City, including some municipalities in Mexico State. It is the second largest metro system in North America after the New York City Subway. In 2016, the system served 1.662 billion passengers, placing it as the ninth highest ridership in the world. The inaugural STC Metro line was 12.7 kilometres long, serving 16 stations, opened to the public on 4 September 1969. The system has expanded since in a series of fits and starts; as of 2015, the system has 12 lines, serving 195 stations, 226.49 kilometres of route. Ten of the lines are rubber-tyred; the system survived the 1985 Mexico City earthquake. Of the STC Metro's 195 stations, 24 serve two or more lines. Many stations are named for places, or events in Mexican history, it has 115 underground stations. All lines operate from 5 a.m. to midnight. At the end of 2007, the Federal District government announced the construction of the most recent STC Metro line, Line 12, built to run 26 kilometres towards the southeastern part of the city, connecting with Lines 7, 3, 2 and 8.
This line opened on 30 October 2012. The Metro has figured in Mexico's cultural history, as the inspiration for a musical composition for strings, "Metro Chabacano" and the 1982 Rodrigo "Rockdrigo" González's 1982 song, "Metro Balderas", it has been a site for the 1990 Hollywood movie Total Recall. Public intellectual Carlos Monsiváis has commented on the cultural importance of the Metro, "a space for collective expression, where diverse social sectors are compelled to mingle every day". By the second half of the twentieth century, Mexico City had serious public transport issues, with congested main roads and highways in the downtown zone, where 40 percent of the daily trips in the city were concentrated. 65 of the 91 lines of bus and electric transport served this area. With four thousand units in addition to 150,000 personal automobiles peak hours, the average speed was less than walking pace; the principal promoter of the construction of the Mexico City Metro was engineer Bernardo Quintana, in charge of the construction company Ingenieros Civiles y Asociados.
He carried out a series of studies that resulted in a draft plan which would lead to the construction of the Mexico City Metro. This plan was shown to different authorities of Mexico City but it was not made official until 29 April 1967, when the Government Gazette published the presidential decree that created a public decentralized organism, the Sistema de Transporte Colectivo, with the proposal to build and run a rapid transit of subterranean course for the public transport of Mexico City. On 19 June 1967, in the crossroad of Chapultepec Avenue with Avenida Bucareli, the inauguration ceremony for the Mexico City Metro took place. Two years on 4 September 1969, an orange train made the inaugural trip between stations Zaragoza and Insurgentes, thus beginning daily operation up to today; the first stage of construction comprised the construction and inauguration of lines 1, 2 and 3. This stage involved engineers, mechanics, civil engineers, chemists and sanitation workers, electricians and biologists.
Between 1,200 and 4,000 specialists and 48,000 workers participated, building at least one kilometer of track per month, the fastest rate of construction for a subway. During this stage of construction workers uncovered two archaeological ruins, one Aztec idol, the bones of a mammoth. By the end of the first stage, namely on 10 June 1972, the STC Metro had 48 stations and a total length of 41.41 kilometres: Line 1 ran from Observatorio to Zaragoza, Line 2 from Tacuba into the southwestern Tasqueña and line 3 from Tlatelolco to Hospital General in the south, providing quick access to the General Hospital of Mexico. No further progress was reached during President Luis Echeverría's government, but during José López Portillo's administration, a second stage began; the Comisión Ejecutiva del Metro was created in order to be in charge of expanding the STC Metro within the metropolitan area of Mexico City. Works began with the expansion of Line 3 towards the north from Tlatelolco to La Raza in 1978 and to the current terminal Indios Verdes in 1979, towards the south from Hospital General to Centro Médico in 1980 and to Zapata months later.
Construction of lines 4 and 5 was completed on 26 May -- 30 August 1982, respectively. Line 4 was the first STC Metro line built as an elevated track, owing to the lower density of big buildings; this construction stage took place from the beginning of 1983 through the end of 1985. Lines 1, 2 and 3 were expanded to their current lengths, new lines 6 and 7 were built; the length of the network was increased by 35.29 kilometres and the number of stations to 105. Line 3 route was expanded from Zapata station to Universidad station on 30 August 1983. Lin