Metropol Parasol

Metropol Parasol is a wooden structure located at La Encarnación square, in the old quarter of Seville, Spain. It was designed by the German architect Jürgen Mayer and completed in April 2011, it has dimensions of 150 by 70 metres and an approximate height of 26 metres and claims to be the largest wooden structure in the world. Its appearance, location and cost overruns in construction resulted in much public controversy; the building is popularly known as Las Setas de la Encarnación. The structure consists of six parasols in the form of giant mushrooms, whose design is inspired by the vaults of the Cathedral of Seville and the ficus trees in the nearby Plaza de Cristo de Burgos. Metropol Parasol is organized in four levels; the underground level houses the Antiquarium, where Roman and Moorish remains discovered on site are displayed in a museum. Level 1 is the Central Market; the roof of Level 1 is the surface of the open-air public plaza, shaded by the wooden parasols above and designed for public events.

Levels 2 and 3 are the two stages of the panoramic terraces, offering one of the best views of the city centre. From the 19th century a market was located in the plaza, housed in a dedicated building; the building was demolished in 1948 in accordance with plans for urban renewal. The market itself remained, until 1973, when the rest of the dilapidated building was demolished; the land remained dormant until 1990, when the city decided to construct underground parking with space for a market on top. However, in the midst of construction, ruins dating to the Roman and Al-Andalus eras were discovered, construction was frozen after an expenditure of 14 million euros. In 2004, the city decided to attempt to develop the area again, opened an international competition to solicit bids. Construction began on June 26, 2005, with an estimated cost of 50 million euros and a projected completion date in June 2007. However, unknown to the public, the project soon faced difficulties. By May 2007 engineering firm Arup informed the municipal authorities that the structure was technically unfeasible as designed, given that a number of structural assumptions had not been tested and the design appeared to violate the limitations of known materials.

The wood used was birch, imported from Finland, because of its straight qualities. Much time was spent developing feasible alternative plans to buttress the structure, which themselves proved impractical because of the added weight. A feasible design using glue as reinforcement was settled on only at the beginning of 2009. By some estimates, due to delays, the total cost of the structure approached 100 million euros


Pepsodent is an American brand of toothpaste with the minty flavor derived from sassafras. It has been owned by Unilever since 1942, except in the United States and Canada, where since 2003, it has been owned by Church & Dwight. Pepsodent toothpaste was introduced in the United States in 1915 by the Pepsodent Company of Chicago; the original formula for the paste contained pepsin, a digestive agent designed to break down and digest food deposits on the teeth, hence the brand and company name. From 1930 to late 1933 a massive animated neon advertising sign, featuring a young girl on a swing, hung on West 47th Street in Times Square in New York City. Following the acquisition of the Pepsodent Company by Unilever in 1944, sales of Pepsodent in the UK increased more than doubling between 1944 and 1950; the company outgrew its original factory in Park Royal, the manufacture of the product was moved to the factory of another Unilever-owned toiletry manufacturer, Joseph Watson and Sons of Whitehall Road, Leeds, in 1951.

Pepsodent was a popular brand before the mid-1950s, but its makers were slow to add fluoride to its formula to counter the rise of other promoted brands such as Crest and Gleem toothpaste by Procter & Gamble, Colgate's eponymous product. Today Pepsodent is a “value brand” marketed in discount stores and retails for half the price of sized tubes of Crest or of Colgate, its best-known slogan was “You'll wonder where the yellow went / when you brush your teeth with Pepsodent!”. The product was discontinued in South Africa in 1974 but was revived in 1976 with a new ad slogan "Gets Your Teeth Their Whitest" featuring celebrity endorsers Rita Moreno, Steve Lawrence, others; the popular slogan was changed in South Africa to "You'll wonder where the dullness went / when you polish your teeth with Pepsodent". Pepsodent is still sold as a Unilever property in all markets except the United States and Canada. In Vietnam, Pepsodent is called P/S. In 2013, Pepsodent was ranked 201st among India's most trusted brands according to the Brand Trust Report 2013 India study, a research conducted by Trust Research Advisory.

According to the Brand trust Report 2014, Pepsodent moved up to 71st position among India's most trusted brands. Pepsodent's parent company Hindustan Unilever was ranked 47th in the Trust Report 2014. Pepsodent was advertised for its purported properties for fighting tooth decay, attributed in advertisements to the supposed ingredient Irium. In a 1994 speech, the chairman of the U. S. Federal Communications Commission, Reed Hundt, claimed that the "Irium" mentioned in Pepsodent advertisements "didn't exist". "Irium" was being used as another name for an ionic surfactant. Another ingredient, "I. M. P.", which stood for "Insoluble Meta-Phosphate", was purported to whiten teeth. Pepsodent sponsored a radio program, The Pepsodent Show Starring Bob Hope that began airing in 1938 and ran for 10 years on NBC; the show featured Bob Hope and his cast of regular characters such as Jerry Colonna, Barbara Jo Allen as Vera Vague, Frances Langford, Skinnay Ennis. Famous Hollywood guest stars such as Cary Grant, Orson Welles, Judy Garland, Bette Davis, Humphrey Bogart, Paulette Goddard, Dorothy Lamour, Rita Hayworth, Penny Singleton, Arthur Lake, Basil Rathbone, Gary Cooper, Veronica Lake, Ginger Rogers, Edward G. Robinson, Hedda Hopper, many more would be on hand to trade comedic barbs with Hope.

The show was the first radio program to broadcast live from the Hollywood Canteen on October 13, 1942, soon the show was playing live to U. S. troops during World War II including some of the soldiers in the show. In the Rodgers and Hammerstein play South Pacific, in the song "Bloody Mary", a few lines refer to Pepsodent: Bloody Mary's chewing betel nuts, she is always chewing betel nuts. Bloody Mary's chewing betel nuts. In the Cole Porter play Anything goes, in the song You're the Top, a line refers to Pepsodent as well: You're a Berlin balladYou're a baby grand of a lady and a gentYou're an old dutch master, you're Mrs. AsterYou're Pepsodent List of toothpaste brands Index of oral health and dental articles Church and Dwight Brands Listing Classic 1948 advertisement video

Newport, Maine

Newport is a town in Penobscot County, United States. The population was 3,275 at the 2010 census; the town's borders surround the shoreline of Sebasticook Lake. The town was settled about 1808 as East Pond Plantation incorporated on June 14, 1814, as Newport. Agriculture was a principal early occupation, industries included several sawmills, a gristmill, a foundry, cabinet shop, a number of harness and blacksmith shops. By 1859, when the population was 1,120, Newport was an important producer of carriages "...which, for durability and finish, not excelled by any in the state." The Maine Central Railroad connected to Newport and made it the terminus for its Dexter & Newport Railway, which opened in 1868. By 1880, the population reached 1,451, industries included a marble and slate works, a maker of boots and shoes. In 1891, the woolen mill was built, the Aroostook Condensed Milk Company founded; the latter became the Maine Condensed Milk Company in 1894 Borden's Condensed Milk Company in 1902. In 1936 Newport Maine became one of the towns to have a Movie Queen filmed in it.

The Movie Queen was a half an hour silent video filmed in white on 16 mm film. These movies were to display the economy of the town; this film now lives in the Northeast Historic Film repository and is owned by the Newport Historical Committee. In 1901, a large fire destroyed the Maine Central Railroad freight depot and two mills, damaged 20 houses. In 1990, two boys, aged 8 and 9, started a fire; the fire was started in the vacant Yankee Café. The fire burned a pizzarea, auto parts store, a beauty parlor, a baseball card shop.. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.97 square miles, of which, 29.50 square miles of it is land and 7.47 square miles is water. Situated on Sebasticook Lake, Newport is drained by Martin Stream and the East Branch of the Sebasticook River. Sebasticook Lake is contained in the town of Newport, is the largest lake contained in one town in the state of Maine; the town is crossed by Interstate 95, U. S. Route 2, state routes 7, 11, 100, 222.

It is bordered by the town of Corinna to the north, Stetson to the east and Plymouth to the south, Palmyra to the west. As of the census of 2010, there were 3,275 people, 1,410 households, 883 families living in the town; the population density was 111.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,766 housing units at an average density of 59.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 96.4% White, 0.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population. There were 1,410 households of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 37.4% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.83.

The median age in the town was 42.6 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 51.7 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,017 people, 1,269 households, 846 families living in the town; the population density was 102.3 people per square mile. There were 1,574 housing units at an average density of 53.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.28% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.03% from other races, 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population. There were 1,269 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.3% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the town, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males. The median income for a household in the town was $30,056, the median income for a family was $37,104. Males had a median income of $28,719 versus $19,500 for females; the per capita income for the town was $15,312. About 9.1% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over. Lewis O. Barrows, 57th governor of Maine Kenneth Fredette, Minority Leader, Maine House of Representatives Donald Sidney Skidgel, Medal of Honor recipient and for whom the Donald Sidney Skidgel Memorial Bridge is named Joshua Tardy, Minority Leader, Maine House of Representative Town of Newport official website Sebasticook Valley Chamber of Commerce Newport Cultural Center