UNF Arena is a multi-purpose arena located on the campus of the University of North Florida in Jacksonville, Florida. It is home to women's basketball and women's volleyball teams, it is used for other events, such as concerts and graduation ceremonies, has served as the site of the Orlando Magic franchise's training camp. It opened in 1993 and has a capacity of up to 6,300. In 2004 the Arena was used by the U. S. Men's and Women's Olympic teams. On September 2, 2008, the University announced plans for UNF Varsity Village. Upgrades will be on the existing locker rooms, athletics offices and seating. Planned additions will include a video room, academic support area, a hall of fame/recruiting lounge. On March 8, 2015, the UNF Arena attendance record was set as 6,155 fans watched North Florida defeat USC Upstate in the 2015 Atlantic Sun Men's Basketball Tournament championship game. In the first round of the 2016 National Invitation Tournament, 6,011 fans saw the Ospreys fall to Florida, 97–68. List of NCAA Division I basketball arenas Official website UNF Arena at UNFOspreys.com
VyStar Veterans Memorial Arena
VyStar Veterans Memorial Arena is a multi-purpose arena located in Jacksonville, Florida. It was built in 2003 as part of the Better Jacksonville Plan to replace the outdated coliseum. In February 2019, many new outlet reported a potential sponsorship for the arena in the coming months. VyStar Credit Union and Blue Cross Blue Shield Association were the potential sponsors. On March 12, 2019, a 19-0 vote led to VyStar Credit Union becoming a sponsor for the arena; the 15-year agreement includes an annual contribution to the veterans trust fund along with upkeep of the arena. Despite a city ordinance for no corporate sponsorship for any venue within city limits, it is the third venue in Duval County to have a corporate sponsor. Jacksonville Veterans Memorial Arena VyStar Veterans Memorial Arena The arena was designed, using state-of-the-art techniques, to have the acoustical characteristics necessary for concerts; the first artist to hold a concert in the Arena was Elton John in November 2003. Since that time, dozens of groups, including country, rap and others, have performed at the arena.
In 2006, a scheduled Dixie Chicks concert was cancelled, due to lack of ticket sales, seen as part of the general backlash against the group's comments on the Iraq War. Sporting events hosted include the 2004 USA Men's Olympic basketball team in their only game played in the United States, as well as some early round games of the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament in 2006, 2010, 2015, 2019. On October 17, 2006 an episode of ECW on Sci-Fi was held in the arena. In 2007, WWE held the Pay-Pay view event One Night Stand in the arena and as of 2017 it has been their first and only major event to be held in the arena. However, a WWE Raw episode was held on August 6, 2018; the arena found huge success when the arena became the home of the Jacksonville Sharks in 2010 when they were introduced as an expansion team of the Arena Football League. The team was founded by former Orlando Predators executive Jeff Bouchy, the brother of former Orlando Predators owner Brett Bouchy; the Sharks have generated the highest attendance for a tenant in the arena's history.
It was the host for the Davis Cup first round tie between the US and Brazil on the weekend of February 1–3, 2013. It has hosted PBR Built Ford Tough Series events in the past. In 2016, Rihanna opened her Anti World Tour here; the event had an audience of 11,000 people. The arena is home to the Jacksonville Sharks of the National Arena League, the Jacksonville Giants of the American Basketball Association, the Jacksonville Icemen of the ECHL, it hosted the 2011 ABA All-Star Game, which took place on February 26, 2011. The arena was home to the Jacksonville Barracudas ice hockey team from 2003 to 2007 until they relocated to a smaller hockey arena in the area. In 2012, it was home to the Jacksonville Bullies of the Professional Lacrosse League. In addition to its athletic tenants, the arena is host to the annual graduation ceremonies of the area high schools
TIAA Bank Field
TIAA Bank Field is an American football stadium located in Jacksonville, that serves as the home facility of the Jacksonville Jaguars of the National Football League. The stadium opened in 1995 as Jacksonville Municipal Stadium on the site of the old Gator Bowl Stadium, included some portions of the older stadium. Located on the St. Johns River, it sits on 10 acres of land in downtown Jacksonville. In addition to hosting the Jaguars, the stadium is regularly used for college football and other events, it is the regular site of the annual Florida–Georgia game, a college football rivalry game between the University of Florida and the University of Georgia. The stadium is the home of the annual Gator Bowl, a post-season college bowl game. Additionally, the stadium hosted Super Bowl XXXIX in 2005 and is one of the venues used by the United States men's national soccer team. From 1997 to 2006, the stadium was named Alltel Stadium after communications company Alltel purchased naming rights; the facility was renamed EverBank Field in 2010, following the approval of a five-year, naming rights deal with the financial services company EverBank.
The agreement was extended in 2014 for an additional 10 years. The Jaguars announced in February 2018 the stadium would be renamed TIAA Bank Field for the 2018 NFL season after EverBank was acquired by New York-based TIAA. TIAA Bank Field is located in the Stadium District of downtown Jacksonville, home to football fields since the early 20th century. In 1928 the first permanent football stadium, Fairfield Stadium, was constructed. In 1948 this was expanded and renamed Gator Bowl Stadium, in honor of the annual Gator Bowl game first played two years earlier; the current structure was built using a few portions of the historic Gator Bowl Stadium. However, all of the elements included from the older stadium — the pedestrian ramp system and the more recent West Upper Deck section of the complex — dated back only to 1982. Construction started January 3, 1994, the new stadium opened on August 18, 1995, with an exhibition game with the St. Louis Rams. Total construction time was under 20 months and total cost was US$134 million – $60 million of, provided by the city of Jacksonville.
In January 1993, representatives from the University of Florida and University of Georgia began negotiating with Jacksonville representatives to renew the contract to host the Florida–Georgia game, the annual rivalry game between the college football teams of the two universities. The universities' five-year contract with the Gator Bowl ended after the 1994 game, the Citrus Bowl had offered Florida and Georgia a larger sum of money than the Gator Bowl for the right to host the game. To counter the Citrus Bowl's larger monetary offer, Jacksonville mayor Ed Austin proposed a $25.5 million renovation plan to Jacksonville's aging Gator Bowl Stadium, built in 1949. Both teams had expressed concerns about the condition of the aging stadium, renovations were considered key to enticing the teams to keep returning to Jacksonville, bringing tens of millions of dollars in consumer spending with them. Despite the promise of renovations, Georgia athletic director Vince Dooley was unswayed, so Austin widened the scope of the renovations, increasing their price tag to $49 million, traveled to Athens, Georgia, to talk with Dooley in person.
Austin's campaigning was successful. On March 23, 1993, the two universities announced they had signed a five-year contract with the Gator Bowl, running from 1997 to 2002; the contract was contingent on Austin passing the $49 million renovation bond issue through the Jacksonville City Council and the city completing the renovations by the 1996 game. On Tuesday, May 11, the Jacksonville City Council approved a $219.5 million bond issue, including the $49 million for the renovation of the Gator Bowl. Soon after the approval of the bond issue, investors interested in attracting a new National Football League team to Jacksonville requested that another $30 million be added to the $49 million renovations in order to make the stadium more attractive for a professional team; that number climbed higher throughout the summer, the city reached an agreement with the leading group of investors hoping to attract an NFL team to Jacksonville. On July 1, the city and investors reached a lease agreement contingent on the city investing $112.3 million for improving the Gator Bowl.
The lease agreement collapsed when the Jacksonville City Council voted to send the lease back to a committee for further study rather than approving it. One month after the proposed deal fell through, city officials and investors tried again and were successful in negotiating a deal that included a pledge to spend $121 million on renovations to the Gator Bowl. Due to the expanded renovations, it was announced that the 1994 Florida-Georgia game would have to be moved out of the Gator Bowl, as had the 1995 game, in order to provide time for the newly expanded renovation plan to be completed before 1996. In the end, the expanded bond issue and renovation program proved to be successful, as Jacksonville was awarded the 30th NFL franchise—the Jacksonville Jaguars—on November 30, 1993; as soon as the celebration surrounding Jacksonville's new NFL team died down, however, a renovation contractor's plan to give 8% of the stadium work to minority-owned businesses drew criticism. The NAACP and another group said African-American businesses should have been awarded twice that amount of work.
The stadium's re-opening day was the home debut of the Jaguars during the 1995 NFL season. It was the first time. Th
TPC at Sawgrass
The Tournament Players Club at Sawgrass is a golf course in the southeastern United States, located in Ponte Vedra Beach, southeast of Jacksonville. Opened 39 years ago in the autumn of 1980, it was the first of several Tournament Players Clubs to be built, it is home to the PGA Tour headquarters and hosts The Players Championship, one of the PGA Tour's signature events, now held in March. Paul and Jerome Fletcher negotiated a deal with the PGA Tour, which included the donation of 415 acres for one dollar. TPC Sawgrass Stadium Course, the golf stadium of the course, has a capacity of 36,000; the TPC at Sawgrass is situated in Ponte Vedra Beach's Sawgrass development. It has the Stadium Course and the Valley Course; the Stadium Course was designed by noted golf course architects Pete and Alice Dye, is known as one of the most difficult golf courses in the world. Constructed to host The Players Championship, it employs a distinctive "stadium" concept: like in other sports, fans at the TPC sit in "stands" made of raised mounds of grass.
It is known for its signature hole, the par-3, 137-yard 17th, known as the "Island Green," one of golf's most recognizable and difficult holes. The course has been featured for many years on the best-selling Tiger Woods PGA Tour series of video games. Dye’s Valley Course has hosted the Web.com Tour Championship since 2013. Built on 415 acres in the northeastern Florida swampland, it is about a mile west of the Atlantic Ocean; the course contains many challenging features: narrow fairways lined with hazards like marshes and "waste bunkers". The Tournament Players Championship had been played at adjacent Sawgrass Country Club from 1977 through 1981, one more year than planned, as heavy rains during construction pushed its debut back a year; when it moved west to the Stadium Course in 1982, the story was not eventual winner Jerry Pate, but the complaints the players had about the new course, built in their honor. "It's Star Wars golf, designed by Darth Vader," Ben Crenshaw pronounced. When asked if the TPC suited his playing style, Jack Nicklaus replied, "No, I've never been good at stopping a 5-iron on the hood of a car."
J. C. Snead called the course "90 percent horse manure and 10 percent luck." Over the following year, Dye tweaked the course, making the greens less severe and replacing several bunkers. After the changes, the course became far more playable. "Now it's a darn good golf course," Crenshaw said of the improvements. The course was the site of the U. S. Amateur in August 1994, where 18-year-old Tiger Woods defeated Trip Kuehne in the finals, 2 up, the first of his three consecutive victories. TPC Sawgrass' signature hole is the Stadium Course's 17th, known as the "Island Green," although it is technically a peninsula, it measures only 137 yards from tee to green, but it consists of nothing but a 78-foot -long green with a tiny bunker in front of it. Save a small path to the green, the green is surrounded by water, its location amidst many trees causes the wind to swirl over it. Club selection in the weather conditions at the hole is a huge consideration, as there is nowhere to land the ball but on the green, in the small bunker, or in the water.
It is estimated that more than 100,000 balls are retrieved from the surrounding water every year, courtesy of professionals and tourists alike. The Island Green design came by accident: the original design for the 17th was to be a simple par-3 green only surrounded by a lake. However, the soil surrounding the 17th consisted of sand, necessary to build a good golf course, but rare on the otherwise swampy property, by the time the course was near completion all the sand had been dug from the area, leaving a large crater. Alice Dye suggested the Island Green concept. Pete was not thrilled at the idea but went ahead with it, in the process creating one of golf's most recognizable holes; because of its popularity among fans, Golf Channel devotes eleven cameras to it during the tournament. The most famous incident that has occurred on the Island Green involved Brad Fabel in the 1998 event, his tee shot landed on the green, but a seagull swooped onto the green and picked up his ball several times. The gull found it difficult to hold the ball in its bill, but managed to carry it into the air and over the water, where it dropped it.
One of the TV commentators quipped. Under Rule 18-1 of the Rules of Golf, as a bird is considered an "outside agency" and as Fabel's shot was at rest, he was permitted to replace the ball at the spot where the ball came to rest on the green. In the gusty opening round in May 2007, a record fifty balls found the water at the 17th hole, which broke the single-round tournament record of 45 set in 2000. During the week of Super Bowl XXXIX, played at nearby Jacksonville in February 2005, Fox Sports organized a "closest to pin" contest with MLB players, NFL players, NASCAR drivers competing on the 17th green. Dale Jarrett defeated Trent Green and John Smoltz in the final by being the only player to make it on the green. Source: Toughest hole: 7th Easiest hole: 16th Official website Golf Course Histories aerial comparison 1980 v 2012
Times-Union Center for the Performing Arts
The Times-Union Center for the Performing Arts is a performing arts center located in Jacksonville, Florida. Situated along the Riverbank, the venue is known as the First Coast’s "premiere riverfront entertainment facility". Opening in 1962, the facility was renovated beginning in 1995 until 1997; the center consists of three venues: a theatre. It is home to the Jacksonville Symphony, Jacksonville Symphony Youth Orchestra, the FSCJ Artist Series. Commissioned in 1955, the City of Jacksonville approved a new civic auditorium and a municipal coliseum, to help brighten the scenery around the riverfront. In 1957, the site was purchased from the Seaboard Air Line Railroad. At the same time, Mayor W. Haydon Burns lobbied the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad to move its headquarters from North Carolina to Jacksonville. Thus, construction began on the auditorium and the Atlantic Coastline Building both began in 1957. On December 7, 1957, the Seaboard Docks were demolished to make way for the forthcoming auditorium.
The site was prepared via bulk heading the shoreline of the St. Johns River; this involved adding fill dirt. The original site of the municipal coliseum was moved further along the riverbank and opened in 1960 along with the Atlantic Coastline Building; the Civic Auditorium was opened on September 16, 1962, with a performance by the Jacksonville Symphony Orchestra. The center served as a replacement for the aging Duval County Armory and became the preferred mid-sized concert venue alongside the Florida Theatre; the civic auditorium consisted of the main auditorium, "Exhibition Hall" and the "Little Theater". By the 1990s, the auditorium developed a bad reputation amongst music acts. Like the coliseum, the venue was known for its poor acoustics; this caused many concerts to be moved to Gainesville. In 1993, Mayor Ed Austin proposed the River City Renaissance Plan. A portion of the $235 million bond was allocated to the renovation of the facility and the construction of a new convention center, replacing the underused Prime F. Osborn III Convention Center.
Construction began in 1995. It was headed by KBJ Architects, Rothman & Heineman, Kirkegaard Associates and Jones & Phillips Associates, Inc; the original auditorium was divided into three facilities. In 1994, local newspaper, The Florida Times-Union, purchased naming rights for $3 million; the renovated facility included a lounge, art gallery and lobby. The lobby areas included marble column from the Barnett National Bank Building and art from the Museum of Contemporary Art Jacksonville; the center reopened on February 1997, with a performance by the FSCJ Artist Series. The Jim & Jan Moran Theater is a theatre and main performance venue of the center; the theater was designed for theatrical and musical performances. All genres from rock to gospel have performed at the theater. Since 2006, the Jim & Jan Moran Theatre has been the home of Extraganza, an annual talent showcase by the students of Douglas Anderson School of the Arts; the theater can seat nearly 3,000. It replaced the main auditorium; the Robert E. Jacoby Symphony Hall is a concert hall used for orchestral performances.
The hall is modeled after the Wiener Musikverein in Austria. It is designed in a shoebox shape, similar to many European venues, it is known as a pure concert hall, providing an intimate setting with no stage curtains, orchestra pit, fly space or backstage wings. It houses the Bryan Concert organ, a rebuilt Casavant pipe organ, it is the home to the Jacksonville Symphony Youth Orchestra. Seating over 1,700 guests, it used as an intimate concert venue, it replaced the Exhibition Hall. The C. Herman & Mary Virginia Terry Theater is a recital hall primary used for poetry readings, dance recitals and comedy shows; the venue seats over 600 guests. It replaced the Little Theater. List of concert halls
St. Johns River
The St. Johns River is the longest river in the U. S. state of Florida and its most significant one for commercial and recreational use. At 310 miles long, it borders twelve counties; the drop in elevation from headwaters to mouth is less than 30 feet. Numerous lakes are formed by the river or flow into it, but as a river its widest point is nearly 3 miles across; the narrowest point is in an unnavigable marsh in Indian River County. The St. Johns drainage basin of 8,840 square miles includes some of Florida's major wetlands, it is separated into three major basins and two associated watersheds for Lake George and the Ocklawaha River, all managed by the St. Johns River Water Management District. A variety of people have lived on or near the St. Johns, including Paleo-indians, Archaic people, Mocama and Spanish settlers, Seminoles and freemen, Florida crackers, land developers and retirees, it has been the subject of William Bartram's journals, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings' books, Harriet Beecher Stowe's letters home.
Although Florida was the location of the first permanent European settlement in what would become the United States, it was the last U. S. territory on the east coast to be developed. When attention was turned to the state, much of the land was overdeveloped in a national zeal for progress; the St. Johns, like many Florida rivers, was altered to make way for agricultural and residential centers, it suffered severe pollution and human interference that has diminished the natural order of life in and around the river. In all, 3.5 million people live within the various watersheds. The St. Johns, named one of 14 American Heritage Rivers in 1998, was number 6 on a list of America's Ten Most Endangered Rivers in 2008. Restoration efforts are under way for the basins around the St. Johns as Florida continues to deal with population increases in the river's vicinity. Starting in Indian River County and meeting the Atlantic Ocean at Duval County, the St. Johns is Florida's primary commercial and recreational waterway.
It flows north from its headwaters, originating in the direction of the Lake Wales Ridge, only elevated at 30 feet above sea level. Because of this low elevation drop, the river has a long backwater, it flows with tides that pass through the barrier islands and up the channel. Uniquely, it shares the same regional terrain as the parallel Kissimmee River, although the Kissimmee flows south; the St. Johns River is separated into three basins and two associated watersheds managed by the St. Johns River Water Management District; because the river flows in a northerly direction, the upper basin is located in the headwaters of the river at its southernmost point. Indian River County is where the river begins as a network of marshes, at a point west of Vero Beach aptly named the St. Johns Marsh in central Florida; the St. Johns River is a blackwater stream, meaning that it is fed by swamps and marshes lying beneath it; the upper basin measures 2,000 square miles. The river touches on the borders of Osceola and Orange Counties, flows through the southeast tip of Seminole County, transitioning into its middle basin a dozen miles or so north of Titusville.
The upper basin of the St. Johns was lowered in the 1920s with the establishment of the Melbourne Tillman drainage project; this drained the St. Johns' headwaters eastward to the Indian River through canals dug across the Ten-Mile Ridge near Palm Bay; as of 2015, these past diversions are being reversed through the first phase of the Canal 1 Rediversion project. The river is at most unpredictable in this basin. Channel flows are not apparent and are unmarked; the most efficient way to travel on this part of the river is by airboat. 3,500 lakes lie within the overall St. Johns watershed; the river flows into many of the lakes. Eight larger lakes and five smaller ones lie in the upper basin. Lakes Washington and Poinsett— named for Joel Roberts Poinsett, a diplomat who brought the poinsettia to the United States— are located further along this stretch of the river; the northernmost points of the upper basin contain the Tosohatchee Wildlife Management Area, created in 1977 to assist with filtration of waters flowing into the larger St. Johns.
Wetlands in the upper and middle basin are fed by rainwater, trapped by the structure of the surrounding land. It is an oxygen- and nutrient-poor environment. Water levels fluctuate with the subtropical dry seasons. Rain in central and north Florida occurs seasonally during summer and winter, but farther south rain in winter is rare. All plants in these basins must tolerate both flooding and drought. Sweetbay and swamp tupelo tre
Downtown Jacksonville is the historic core and central business district of Jacksonville, Florida USA. It comprises the earliest area of the city to be developed and is located in its geographic center along the narrowing point of the St. Johns River. There are various definitions of; the area features offices for major corporations such as CSX Corporation, Fidelity National Financial, TIAA Bank, Bank of America, Prudential Financial, Wells Fargo, AT&T, Aetna. The site of modern Downtown Jacksonville originated at a crossing of the St. Johns River known to the Seminole as Wacca Pilatka, to the Spanish as the Pass de San Nicolas, to British settlers as the Cow Ford. Histories of the city report. White settlement in the area began during Florida's British period, when the East Florida government built the King's Road to connect St. Augustine with the British colonies to the north. A ferry and tavern were built, when Spanish rule resumed in Florida, Fort San Nicolas was built beside the southern landing of the King's Road ferry.
American farmer Robert Pritchard became the first white settler on the north bank of the Cow Ford when he received a 450-acre land grant from the Spanish government in 1791, however, he died shortly after and the area was abandoned. The settlement that became Jacksonville formed from two land grants issued in 1816: one to Maria Taylor, née Suarez, one to Juan LeMaestre. Over time a small settlement including some homes, an inn and a store grew at the Cow Ford, in 1822, shortly after Spain ceded the Floridas to the United States, resident Isaiah D. Hart proposed establishing a town on the north bank. Hart convinced his neighbors to join him in donating land for the venture, the first streets were platted in June; the settlement was named "Jacksonville" after Andrew Jackson, who had become popular among many Floridians for his actions in the First Seminole War. It was incorporated in 1832; the town grew in fits and starts: it saw disruption during the Second Seminole War, the business district burned down in 1854 when sparks from the steamboat Florida started a fire.
During the American Civil War, Jacksonville was home to many Union sympathizers, was occupied for most of the war by Union troops who took the city four separate times. The war caused over half the population to flee. After the war, the city rebounded when it became Florida's first major tourist destination. On May 3, 1901, downtown Jacksonville was ravaged by a fire. Known as the Great Fire of 1901, it was one of the worst disasters in Florida history and the largest urban fire in the southeastern United States. In just eight hours, it destroyed the business district and left 10,000 residents homeless. Architect Henry John Klutho was a primary figure in the reconstruction of the city. Multiple definitions of Downtown Jacksonville are in common use; the name "Downtown" is used for the historical core. This is bounded by State Street to the north, Hogans Creek to the east, the St. Johns River to the south, the LaVilla neighborhood to the west; this definition is used, for example, by the Jacksonville Historic Preservation Commission and their book, Jacksonville's Architectural Heritage.
However, the City of Jacksonville and other entities use a wider definition that includes not only the Downtown Core, but surrounding areas on both sides of the river. In this definition, the boundaries are State Street to the north, the St. Johns River to the east, Interstate 95 to the south and west; this area covers 1,234 acres. Downtown Vision, Inc. which oversees Jacksonville's downtown improvement district, covers an smaller area of about 90 blocks in the Downtown Core and Southbank, bounded by Church Street in the north, Market Street in the east, Prudential Drive in the south, Broad Street in the west. Under the broader definition, Downtown Jacksonville is divided into several districts or neighborhood. In addition to the historical Downtown Core, the most used districts are: the Southbank, a commercial and residential district directly across the St. Johns River from the Downtown Core. A historic district encompassing a significant portion of downtown Jacksonville was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2016.
Its boundaries are Beaver Street to the north and Liberty Streets to the east, the St. Johns River to the south, North Pearl Street to the west; this area is significant for its pre-1965 architecture, most of which post-dates Jacksonville's great 1901 fire. Known as the Northbank, is Jacksonville's traditional city center and what most people associate with Downtown and Jacksonville in general, it is the location of many government offices, including City Hall, the Jacksonville Sheriff's Office headquarters, the Bryan Simpson United States Courthouse, amenities such as the Jacksonville Main Library, the Museum of Contemporary Art Jacksonville, the Jacksonville Landing, Jacksonville Riverwalk. Several of the city's largest skyscrapers ar