The Metropolitan Police Service and still known as the Metropolitan Police and informally as the Met, Scotland Yard, or the Yard, is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement in the Metropolitan Police District, which consists of the 32 London boroughs. The MPD does not include the "square mile" of the City of London, policed by the much smaller City of London Police; the Met has significant national responsibilities, such as co-ordinating and leading on UK-wide national counter-terrorism matters and protecting the Royal Family, certain members of Her Majesty's Government and others as deemed appropriate. As the police force for the capital, the Met has significant unique responsibilities and challenges within its police area, such as protecting 164 foreign embassies and High Commissions, policing Heathrow Airport and protecting the Palace of Westminster, dealing with more protests and events than any other force in the country; as of March 2018, the Met had 40,327 full-time personnel.
This included 30,390 police officers, 8,027 police staff, 1,315 police community support officers and 595 designated officers. This number excludes the 1,731 special constables, who work voluntarily part-time and who have the same powers and uniform as their regular colleagues; this makes the Metropolitan Police, in terms of officer numbers, the largest police force in the United Kingdom by a significant margin, one of the biggest in the world. In terms of its police area, leaving its national responsibilities aside, the Met has the eighth-smallest police area of the territorial police forces in the United Kingdom; the overall operational leader of the force is the Commissioner, whose formal title is Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis. The Commissioner is answerable and accountable to the Queen, the Home Office and the Mayor of London, through the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime; the post of Commissioner was first held jointly by Sir Richard Mayne. Cressida Dick was appointed Commissioner in April 2017.
A number of informal names and abbreviations are applied to the Metropolitan Police Service, the most common being the Met. In colloquial London, it is sometimes referred to as the Old Bill; the Met is referred to as Scotland Yard after the location of its original headquarters in a road called Great Scotland Yard in Whitehall. The Met's current headquarters is New Scotland Yard, situated on the Victoria Embankment; the Metropolitan Police Service was founded in 1829 by Robert Peel under the Metropolitan Police Act 1829 and on 29 September of that year, the first constables of the service appeared on the streets of London. In 1839, the Marine Police Force, formed in 1798, was amalgamated into the Metropolitan Police. In 1837, it incorporated with the Bow Street Horse Patrol, organised in 1805. In 1999, the organisation was described as "institutionally racist" in the Macpherson Report. Just under twenty years police leaders said that this was no longer the case, but that the service would be "disproportionately white" for at least another one hundred years.
Since January 2012, the Mayor of London is responsible for the governance of the Metropolitan Police through the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime. The mayor is able to appoint someone to act on his behalf; as of April 2019, the office-holder is Deputy Mayor for Sophie Linden. The work of MOPAC is scrutinised by the Crime Committee of the London Assembly; these structures were created by the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 and replaced the Metropolitan Police Authority-appointed board created in 2000 by Greater London Authority Act 1999. The area policed by the Metropolitan Police Service is known as the Metropolitan Police District. In terms of geographic policing, the Met was divided into 32 Borough Operational Command Units that directly aligned with the 32 London boroughs covered; this situation has changed since 2017, as the Met has attempted to save money due to cuts in funding. There is a period of transition which will result in the MPD being divided into 12 Basic Command Units made up of two, three or four boroughs.
There is criticism of these changes. The City of London is a separate police area and is the responsibility of the separate City of London Police; the Ministry of Defence Police is responsible for policing of Ministry of Defence property throughout the United Kingdom, including its headquarters in Whitehall and other MoD establishments across the MPD. The British Transport Police are responsible for policing of the rail network in the United Kingdom, including London. Within London, they are responsible for the policing of the London Underground, The Emirates Air Line and the Docklands Light Railway; the English part of the Royal Parks Constabulary, which patrolled a number of Greater London's major parks, was merged with the Metropolitan Police in 2004, those parks are now policed by the Royal Parks Operational Command Unit. There is a small park police force, the Kew Constabulary, responsible for the Royal Botanic Gardens, whose officers have full police powers within the park. A few London borough councils maintain their own borough park constabularies, though their remit only extends to park by-laws, although they are sworn as constables under laws applicable to parks, their powers are not equal to those of constables appointed under the Police Acts, meaning that they are not police officers.
Roxbury is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 229 at the 2010 census; the smallest town in Cheshire County, Roxbury was incorporated in 1812 from portions of Nelson and Keene. By settlers had established agriculture among the rolling hillsides in the area, a community center had developed at what is now called Roxbury Center, it was a "hill farm" community with some scattered small mills. Roxbury's granite quarries, among the most extensive in the Granite State at the time, provided some of the stone for the capitol building of New York in Albany. Much of Roxbury was abandoned in the American Civil War as a high percentage of its male population was killed in battle. Other residents left after the Civil War to seek a better life in local mill villages or in the American Midwest. Otter Brook Lake, constructed by the Army Corps of Engineers in 1956-58 to control flooding in the Ashuelot and Connecticut River valleys, occupies part of the town's western boundary.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 12.2 square miles, of which 11.9 sq mi is land and 0.3 sq mi is water, comprising 2.38% of the town. The highest point in Roxbury is the summit Bassett Hill, at 1,644 feet above sea level. Granite Gorge Ski Area on Pinnacle Mountain is located in the town's northwest corner along New Hampshire Route 9, despite being advertised as being in the neighboring city of Keene. Batcheller's Cave is noted for its place in history as the hiding place of Breed Batcheller, edged out of town for failing to join the rebellion against the crown in the Revolutionary War. Sullivan, New Hampshire Nelson, New Hampshire Harrisville, New Hampshire Marlborough, New Hampshire Keene, New Hampshire At the 2000 census, there were 237 people, 89 households and 66 families residing in the town; the population density was 19.9 per square mile. There were 90 housing units at an average density of 7.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.73% White, 0.42% Asian, 0.84% from two or more races.
There were 89 households of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.4% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.8% were non-families. 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.12. 25.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 3.8% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 32.9% from 45 to 64, 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males. The median household income was $49,375 and the median family income was $56,875. Males had a median income of $33,984 and females $23,750; the per capita income for the town was $21,124. None of the families and 0.9% of the population were living below the poverty line. Joseph Alexander Ames, artist Nathan Ames, patent solicitor Breed Batcheller, major early landowner and settler, in hiding at Batcheller's Cave Maynard T. Parker, Wisconsin jurist and legislator Cyrus Wakefield, manufacturer of rattan furniture Town of Roxbury official website New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
The Coupe Nationale is the national knockout tournament for football clubs in the Central African Republic. 1974: AS Tempête Mocaf 1975 1976: Red Star 1977: Sodiam Sports 1978: TP USCA Bangui 1979: Sodiam Sports 1980: Anges de Fatima 1981: Anges de Fatima 1982: AS Tempête Mocaf 1983: Avia Sports 1984: Stade Centrafricain 1985: AS Tempête Mocaf 1986 1987 1988: TP USCA Bangui 1989: Réal Olympique Castel 1990: FACA 1991: Anges de Fatima 6-2 Anges Makaron 1992: AS Tempête Mocaf 1-1 Anges de Fatima 1993: Anges de Fatima 3-2 Stade Centrafricain 1994: FACA 1995 1996 1997: TP USCA Bangui 2-0 Anges de Fatima 1998: Anges de Fatima 3-0 AS Petroca 1999: Réal Olympique Castel 2000: Anges de Fatima 2-1 Olympic Real 2001: Stade Centrafricain 2-1 AS Tempête Mocaf 2002: not known 2003: AS Tempête Mocaf 8-0 Ouham Pendé de Bozoum 2004: TP USCA Bangui 2-0 Onze Carats de la Mambéré Kadéï 2005: TP USCA Bangui defeated Lobaye Selection 2006: not known 2007: not known 2008: Anges de Fatima 2-1 Stade CentrafricainCoupe Barthélémy Boganda2009: Anges de Fatima 3-1 Stade Centrafricain 2010: DFC8 1-0 Stade Centrafricain 2011: AS Tempête Mocaf 2-1 DFC8 2012: Final between Anges de Fatima and Olympic Real de Bangui 2013-2015: not known 2016: Anges de Fatima 1-0 Sica Sport 2017: Anges de Fatima 1-0 Olympic Real de Bangui