Metropolitan Borough of Wirral
The Metropolitan Borough of Wirral is a metropolitan borough of Merseyside, in North West England. It has a population of 321,238, encompasses 60 square miles of the northern part of the Wirral Peninsula. Major settlements include Birkenhead, Bebington, Heswall and West Kirby; the city of Liverpool over the Mersey, faces the northeastern side of Wirral. Bordering is the Irish Sea to the north and the River Dee to the west; the borough of Wirral has greater proportions of rural areas than the Liverpool part of Merseyside. The borough was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, as a merger of the county boroughs of Birkenhead and Wallasey, along with the municipal borough of Bebington and the urban districts of Hoylake and Wirral; this is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Wirral at current basic prices published by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling. ^ includes hunting and forestry ^ includes energy and construction ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding In September 2006 a large scale development called Wirral Waters was unveiled by the company Peel Holdings, that if constructed as outlined may see the creation of up to 27,000 jobs.
When the borough was set up in 1974, it inherited comprehensive systems from the former County Boroughs of Birkenhead and Wallasey. In the part of Wirral administered by Cheshire County Council, it inherited a selective system of grammar and secondary modern non-Roman Catholic schools and a comprehensive Roman Catholic school; until the implementation of the Education Reform Act 1988, education in Wirral continued to be organised in four areas. However this Act introduced "open enrolment", allowing parents from anywhere in the borough, outside it, to apply for a place for their child at any secondary school; as a result, significant numbers of pupils from the former "comprehensive areas" attend schools in the former "selective areas" and vice versa. The distinction between different types of school was to an extent masked, as all secondary modern and most comprehensive schools were named "High School"; as a further result of this Act, St Anselm's College and Upton Hall School, both within the Birkenhead education area, became the only independent schools in the country to become state funded grant-maintained schools, retaining selective admissions policies to become Roman Catholic grammar schools.
A further change came as a result of the School Standards and Framework Act 1998, which changed secondary modern schools into comprehensives as schools were no longer permitted to select by examination failure. In summary, Wirral now has a state secondary sector made up of 16 comprehensive schools and 6 grammar schools; the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral is one of the six constituent local government districts of the Liverpool City Region. Since 1 April 2014, some of the borough's responsibilities have been pooled with neighbouring authorities within the metropolitan area and subsumed into the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority; the combined authority has become the top-tier administrative body for the local governance of the city region and the leader of Wirral Borough Council, along with the five other leaders from neighbouring local government districts, take strategic decisions over economic development, transport and skills, culture and physical infrastructure. As of July 2015, negotiations are taking place between the UK national government and the combined authority over a possible devolution deal to confer greater powers on the region.
Discussions include whether to introduce an elected ‘Metro Mayor’ to oversee the entire metropolitan area. After the local elections in 2008 the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral was governed by a Labour Party/Liberal Democrat coalition, the second and third largest parties on the council respectively. Cllr Steve Foulkes of Labour was Leader of the Council; the Conservative Party was the largest party represented, was in opposition with its leader Cllr Jeff Green being leader of the opposition. After the local elections in 2010 the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral was governed by a Conservative Party/Liberal Democrat coalition, which reflected the coalition at national level; the Conservative Party, continuing to be the largest party represented on the council increased its number of seats by 2 to 27 and has now entered into coalition government with the Liberal Democrats as the leading coalition partner with the leader of the Conservatives, Cllr Jeff Green, becoming the new leader of the council.
The Labour Party increased its representation on the council by 4 to 24 and remained the second largest party though they are now in opposition with their leader, Cllr Steve Foulkes, leader of the council now leader of the opposition. The Liberal Democrats lost 4 seats decreasing their tally to 15 remaining the third largest party on the council but continuing to participate in the governing of the council as the junior coalition partner to the Conservatives; the one independent represented on the council lost their seat. After the local elections in 2011 the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral was governed by a minority Labour Party administration. Cllr Steve Foulkes was leader of the Council with Cllr Phil Davies as deputy leader; the Liberal Democrats lost a co
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, with a population of 545,500 as of 2017. It lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous built-up area, with a population of 3.2 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation; the local authority is Manchester City Council. The recorded history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort of Mamucium or Mancunium, established in about AD 79 on a sandstone bluff near the confluence of the rivers Medlock and Irwell, it was a part of Lancashire, although areas of Cheshire south of the River Mersey were incorporated in the 20th century. The first to be included, was added to the city in 1931. Throughout the Middle Ages Manchester remained a manorial township, but began to expand "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century. Manchester's unplanned urbanisation was brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution, resulted in it becoming the world's first industrialised city.
Manchester achieved city status in 1853. The Manchester Ship Canal opened in 1894, creating the Port of Manchester and directly linking the city to the Irish Sea, 36 miles to the west, its fortune declined after the Second World War, owing to deindustrialisation, but the IRA bombing in 1996 led to extensive investment and regeneration. In 2014, the Globalisation and World Cities Research Network ranked Manchester as a beta world city, the highest-ranked British city apart from London. Manchester is the third-most visited city after London and Edinburgh, it is notable for its architecture, musical exports, media links and engineering output, social impact, sports clubs and transport connections. Manchester Liverpool Road railway station was the world's first inter-city passenger railway station. Manchester hosted the 2002 Commonwealth Games; the name Manchester originates from the Latin name Mamucium or its variant Mancunium and the citizens are still referred to as Mancunians. These are thought to represent a Latinisation of an original Brittonic name, either from mamm- or from mamma.
Both meanings are preserved in Insular Celtic languages, such as mam meaning "breast" in Irish and "mother" in Welsh. The suffix -chester is a survival of Old English ceaster and from that castra in latin for camp or settlement; the Brigantes were the major Celtic tribe in. Their territory extended across the fertile lowland of what is now Stretford. Following the Roman conquest of Britain in the 1st century, General Agricola ordered the construction of a fort named Mamucium in the year 79 to ensure that Roman interests in Deva Victrix and Eboracum were protected from the Brigantes. Central Manchester has been permanently settled since this time. A stabilised fragment of foundations of the final version of the Roman fort is visible in Castlefield; the Roman habitation of Manchester ended around the 3rd century. After the Roman withdrawal and Saxon conquest, the focus of settlement shifted to the confluence of the Irwell and Irk sometime before the arrival of the Normans after 1066. Much of the wider area was laid waste in the subsequent Harrying of the North.
Thomas de la Warre, lord of the manor and constructed a collegiate church for the parish in 1421. The church is now Manchester Cathedral; the library, which opened in 1653 and is still open to the public today, is the oldest free public reference library in the United Kingdom. Manchester is mentioned as having a market in 1282. Around the 14th century, Manchester received an influx of Flemish weavers, sometimes credited as the foundation of the region's textile industry. Manchester became an important centre for the manufacture and trade of woollens and linen, by about 1540, had expanded to become, in John Leland's words, "The fairest, best builded and most populous town of all Lancashire." The cathedral and Chetham's buildings are the only significant survivors of Leland's Manchester. During the English Civil War Manchester favoured the Parliamentary interest. Although not long-lasting, Cromwell granted it the right to elect its own MP. Charles Worsley, who sat for the city for only a year, was appointed Major General for Lancashire and Staffordshire during the Rule of the Major Generals.
He was a diligent puritan, banning the celebration of Christmas. Significant quantities of cotton began to be used after about 1600, firstly in linen/cotton fustians, but by around 1750 pure cotton fabrics were being produced and cotton had overtaken wool in importance; the Irwell and Mersey were made navigable by 1736, opening a route from Manchester to the sea docks on the Mersey. The Bridgewater Canal, Britain's first wholly artificial waterway, was opened in 1761, bringing coal from mines at Worsley to central Manchester; the canal was extended to the Mersey at Runcorn by 1776. The combination of competition and improved efficiency halved th
Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale
The Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England. It is named after its largest town, but spans a far larger area which includes the towns of Middleton, Heywood and Milnrow, the village of Wardle; the borough was formed in 1974 as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 and is an amalgamation of six former local government districts. It was proposed that the borough include the neighbouring town of Bury and disclude Middleton; the borough, which lies directly north-northeast of the City of Manchester, has a population of 206,500, although most parts are industrialised and densely populated, contiguous with one of the United Kingdom's major cities, some of the borough consists of rural open space, for the most part due the territory in the eastern half stretching across Blackstone Edge and the Pennine hills. The borough, the largest such borough of Greater Manchester, was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by a merger of the former county borough of Rochdale and, from the administrative county of Lancashire, the municipal boroughs of Heywood and Middleton, along with the urban districts of Littleborough and Wardle.
Prior to its creation, it was suggested that the metropolitan borough be named Chadwick, but this was rejected in favour of Rochdale. The Metropolitan Borough of Oldham lies to the south-east, the Metropolitan Borough of Bury lies to the west; the City of Manchester is to the south. To the north-west is the borough and non-metropolitan district of Rossendale in Lancashire and to the north-east is the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale in West Yorkshire. Showing former status Heywood Littleborough Middleton Milnrow Rochdale Wardle White British - 176,800 White Irish - 2,994 White Other - 2,097 Asian or Asian British: Pakistani - 15,829 Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi - 3,594 Asian or Asian British: Other Asian - 956 Black British - 1,571 Chinese or Other - 1,200 Mixed White and Asian - 900 Mixed White and Black - 1,100 Mixed Other - 400 The table below details the population change since 1801, including the percentage change since the last available census data. Although the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale has only existed 1974, figures have been generated by combining data from the towns and civil parishes that would be constituent parts of the borough.
The Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale has formal twinning arrangements with six places. Three were twinned with a place within the Metropolitan Borough boundaries prior to its creation in 1974. Rochdale Metropolitan Borough Council elections List of people from Rochdale List of schools in Rochdale Clark, David M.. "Greater Manchester Votes: A Guide to the New Metropolitan Authorities". Redrose. Www.rochdale.gov.uk, Rochdale Council. Www.investinrochdale.co.uk/, Rochdale Development Agency - information on the borough, its economy and regeneration. Www.pennineland.co.uk Development Arm of Rochdale Development Agency Uniting Private & Public Sector to support the Regeneration of Rochdale Borough. Www.statsandmaps.co.uk Stats and Maps is the Rochdale Borough maps website. It is a shared evidence based that provides quick and easy on-line access to data and intelligence about the borough of Rochdale, aims to meet the needs of the local community, LSP partners, the general public
Metropolitan Borough of Stockport
The Metropolitan Borough of Stockport is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England. As well as the town of Stockport, it includes the outyling areas of Bramhall, Cheadle Hulme, Bredbury, Reddish and Romiley. In 2001, it had a population of 284,500; the borough was created in 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972 from the former area of the County Borough of Stockport and from the administrative county of Cheshire the urban districts of Bredbury and Romiley and Gatley, Hazel Grove and Bramhall and Marple. Stockport became a county borough in 1889 and was enlarged by gaining territory from Lancashire, including in 1906 Reddish and in 1913, the Four Heatons; the Marple Urban District of Cheshire, formed in 1894, gained parts of Derbyshire in 1936 including Mellor and Ludworth from Chapel en le Frith Rural District. Prior to its creation, it was suggested that the metropolitan borough be named "Norchester", but this was rejected as "a concocted name", being beaten by "Stockport" by a vote of 16 to 5.
Adswood Bramhall, Brinnington Cheadle, Cheadle Heath, Cheadle Hulme, Compstall Davenport Edgeley Gatley Heaton Chapel Heaton Mersey Heaton Moor Heaton Norris Hazel Grove, Heald Green, High Lane Marple, Mellor Offerton Portwood Reddish, Romiley Woodford, Woodsmoor There are four parliamentary constituencies in the Stockport Metropolitan Borough: Stockport, Hazel Grove, Denton and Reddish. Stockport has been represented by Ann Coffey since 1992. Mary Robinson has been MP for Cheadle since 2015. William Wragg has been MP for Hazel Grove since 2015; the constituency of Denton and Reddish bridges Tameside. Stockport is part of the North West England constituency in the European Parliament. North West England elects nine MEPs, as at 2008 made up of four Conservatives, three from the Labour Party, one Liberal Democrat, one member of the United Kingdom Independence Party. Offerton Park Showing former status Bredbury and Romiley Cheadle and Gatley Hazel Grove and Bramhall Marple Stockport There are 21 electoral wards in Stockport, each with 3 councillors, giving a total of 63 councillors.
From 2002 until 2014 the Liberal Democrats had a controlling majority on the council. Following the 2014 Local Elections no party had overall control; the Liberal Democrats remained the largest party despite losing a seat, but decided not to form a minority administration and refused any possibility of a coalition with the Conservatives. Following the 2016 Local Elections no party had overall control with the Liberal Democrat council leader Sue Derbyshire losing her seat and Labour taking over as largest party. At the 2001 UK census, the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport had a total population of 284,528. Of the 120,456 households in Stockport, 38.0% were married couples living together, 30.3% were one-person households, 8.3% were co-habiting couples and 9.4% were lone parents. The population density is 2,257/km2 and for every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. Of those aged 16–74 in Stockport, 25.7% had no academic qualifications, lower than 28.9% in all of England. 5.0% of Stockport's residents were born outside the United Kingdom lower than the national average of 9.2%.
The largest minority group was recorded at 2.1 % of the population. The table below details the population change since 1801, including the percentage change since the last available census data. Although the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport has only existed 1974, figures have been generated by combining data from the towns and civil parishes that would be constituent parts of the borough; the Co-operative Bank opened a telephone banking centre in the Stockport pyramid in 1994. In 1999, the Stockport pyramid became the administrative home of smile.co.uk, an internet bank owned by the Co-op. The proportion of jobs in the banking and finance sector in Stockport is expected to rise from 21% to 24% by 2010. Experian ranked Stockport fifth in North West England for shopping; the Merseyway Shopping Centre underwent a £15M redevelopment. Other shopping centres in Stockport include the Grand Central Stockport and the Stockport Peel Centre. Medical equipment and technology and professional services and internet based services, creative industries have been identified as growth industries in Greater Manchester, all with concentrations in Stockport.
With employment at 2.0%, Stockport has the lowest rate of unemployment of all Greater Manchester's boroughs. Average house prices in the Stockport are second out of all the metropolitan boroughs in Greater Manchester, 27.7% higher than the average for the county. At the 2001 UK census, Stockport had 204,812 residents aged 16 to 74. 2.4% of these people were students with jobs, 3.3% students without jobs, 5.4% looking after home or family, 5.0% permanently sick or disabled and 2.4% economically inactive for other reasons. These figures were inline with the national averages, although the proportion of people looking after home and family and students without jobs was lower than the national average. In 2001, of 136,059 residents of Stockport in employment, the industry of employment was 17.3% retail and wholesale, 14.7% manufacturing, 13.8% property and business services, 11.7% health and social work, 8.9% education, 7.7% transport and communications, 6.1% construction, 5.3% finance, 4.6% public administration and defence, 4.1% hotels and restaurants, 0.7% energy and water supply, 0.6% agriculture, 4.3% other.
This was in line with national figures, except for the proportion of jobs in ag
A unitary authority is a type of local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area or performs additional functions which elsewhere in the relevant country are performed by national government or a higher level of sub-national government. Unitary authorities cover towns or cities which are large enough to function independently of county or other regional administration. Sometimes they consist of national sub-divisions which are distinguished from others in the same country by having no lower level of administration. In Canada, each province creates its own system of local government, so terminology varies substantially. In certain provinces there is only one level of local government in that province, so no special term is used to describe the situation. British Columbia has only one such municipality, Northern Rockies Regional Municipality, established in 2009. In Ontario the term single-tier municipalities is used, for a similar concept.
Their character varies, while most function as cities with no upper level of government, some function as counties or regional municipalities with no lower municipal subdivisions below them. They exist as individual census divisions, as well as separated municipalities. In Germany, kreisfreie Stadt is the equivalent term for a city with the competences of both the Gemeinde and the Kreis administrative level; the directly elected chief executive officer of a kreisfreie Stadt is called Oberbürgermeister. The British counties have no directly corresponding counterpart in Germany; this German system corresponds in the Czech Republic. Until 1 January 2007, the municipalities of Copenhagen and Bornholm were not a part of a Danish county. In New Zealand, a unitary authority is a territorial authority that performs the functions of a regional council. There are five unitary authorities; the Chatham Islands, located east of the South Island, have a council with its own special legislation, constituted with powers similar to those of a regional authority.
In Poland, a miasto na prawach powiatu, or shortly powiat grodzki is a big, city, responsible for district administrative level, being part of no other powiat. In total, 65 cities in Poland have this status. In the United Kingdom, "unitary authorities" are English local authorities set up in accordance with the Local Government Changes for England Regulations 1994 made under powers conferred by the Local Government Act 1992 to form a single tier of local government in specified areas and which are responsible for all local government functions within such areas. While outwardly appearing to be similar, single-tier authorities formed using older legislation are not Unitary Authorities thus excluding e.g. the Isle of Wight Council or any other single-tier authority formed under the Local Government Act 1972 or older legislation. This is distinct from the two-tier system of local government which still exists in most of England, where local government functions are divided between county councils and district or borough councils.
Until 1996 two-tier systems existed in Scotland and Wales, but these have now been replaced by systems based on a single-tier of local government with some functions shared between groups of adjacent authorities. A single-tier system has existed in Northern Ireland since 1973. For many years the description of the number of tiers in UK local government arrangements has ignored any current or previous bodies at the lowest level of authorities elected by the voters within their area such as parish or community councils. Northern Ireland is divided into 11 districts for local government purposes. In Northern Ireland local councils have no responsibility for road building or housing, their functions include waste and recycling services and community services, building control and local economic and cultural development. Since their reorganisation in 2015 councils in Northern Ireland have taken on responsibility for planning functions; the collection of rates is handled by the Property Services agency.
Category: Subdivisions of Northern Ireland Local authorities in Scotland are unitary in nature but not in name. The Local Government etc. Act 1994 created a single tier of local government throughout Scotland. On 1 April 1996, 32 local government areas, each with a council, replaced the previous two-tier structure, which had regional and district councils. Comhairle nan Eilean Siar uses the alternative Gaelic designation Comhairle; the phrase "unitary authority" is not used in Scottish legislation, although the term is encountered in publications and in use by United Kingdom government departments. Local authorities in Wales are unitary in nature but are described by the Local Government Act 1994 as "principal councils", their areas as principal areas. Various other legislation (e.g. s.9
Metropolitan Borough of Bolton
The Metropolitan Borough of Bolton is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, England. It is named after its largest settlement, the large town of Bolton, but covers a far larger area which includes Blackrod, Horwich and Westhoughton, a suburban and rural element from the West Pennine Moors; the borough has a population of 276,800, is administered from Bolton Town Hall. The boundaries the Bolton metropolitan district were set as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972, cover an amalgamation of eight former local government districts; the metropolitan districts of Bury and Wigan lie to the east and west respectively. The metropolitan borough was formed on 1 April 1974, by the merger of the County Borough of Bolton and the following districts from the administrative county of Lancashire: Municipal Borough of Farnworth Urban District of Blackrod Urban District of Horwich Urban District of Kearsley Urban District of Little Lever Urban District of Westhoughton the southern part of Turton Urban District the villages of Bradshaw, Bromley Cross, Dunscar and Harwood.
This area is now known as South Turton. Bolton Council unsuccessfully petitioned Elizabeth II for the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton to be granted city status in 1992, in 2000, in 2002, 2012. Horwich and Blackrod are now constituted as civil parishes. There are three town councils in the metropolitan borough, Westhoughton Town Council, Horwich Town Council and Blackrod Town Council; the rest of the metropolitan borough, Farnworth, Little Lever, South Turton, have remained unparished areas since 1974. According to the 2009 estimates, of the 265,100 people living in Bolton Metropolitan Borough, the following ethnicities have been recorded: 88.0% White 85.9% White British 1.2% Other White 0.8% White Irish 9.3% South Asian 5.9% Indian 2.7% Pakistani 0.5% Other South Asian 0.2% Bangladeshi 1.2% Mixed Race 0.5% White and Asian 0.4% White and Black Caribbean 0.2% White and Black African 0.2% Other Mixed 1.0% Black 0.6% Black African 0.4% Black Caribbean 0.1% Other Black 0.6% Other 0.3% Chinese 0.3% Other The table below details the population change since 1801, including the percentage change since the last available census data.
Although the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton has only existed since 1974, figures have been generated by combining data from the towns and civil parishes that would be constituent parts of the borough. The Bolton metropolitan area is served by the following railway stations: Bolton Trinity Street – a town-centre transport interchange Bromley Cross Hall i' th' Wood Blackrod Horwich Parkway Lostock Westhoughton Moses Gate Farnworth Kearsley Daisy Hill In 2007, Bolton was ranked 69th out of the 149 Local Education Authorities – and sixth out of ten in Greater Manchester – for its National Curriculum assessment performance. Measured on the percentage of pupils attaining at least 5 A*–C grades at GCSE including maths and English, the Bolton LEA was 111th out of 149: 40.1% of pupils achieved this objective, against a national average of 46.7%. Unauthorised absence from Bolton's secondary schools in the 2006/2007 academic year was 1.4%, in line with the national average, authorised absence was 6.0% against the national average of 6.4%.
At GCSE level, Bolton School was the most successful of Bolton's 21 secondary schools, with 99% of pupils achieving at least 5 A*–C grades at including maths and English. The University of Bolton is one of Greater Manchester's four universities. In 2008, The Times Good University Guide ranked it 111th of 113 institutions in Britain. There are 4,440 students. In 2007 there were 8.8 applications for every place, student satisfaction was recorded as 74.4%. It is one of Britain's newest universities, having been given this status in 2005; the table on the left shows the percentage of students gaining five A* to C grades, including English and Maths, for secondary schools in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton. The table on the right shows the Average Total Point Score per Student for secondary schools in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton. Schools highlighted in yellow are above the LEA average. Another secondary school, Bolton Muslim Girls' School, has opened since January 2007. Source: Department for Children and Families The Metropolitan Borough of Bolton has two twin towns, one in France and another in Germany.
Bolton local elections List of Mayors of Bolton List of people from Bolton
Metropolitan Borough of Oldham
The Metropolitan Borough of Oldham is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, England. It has a population of 233,800, spans 55 square miles; the borough is named after its largest town, but includes the outlying towns of Chadderton, Failsworth and Shaw and Crompton, the village of Lees, the parish of Saddleworth. Although a 20th-century creation, the borough has Bronze Age and Roman heritage, it encompasses several former mill towns, which expanded and coalesced during the late 19th century as a result of population growth and advances in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. Although some parts contiguous with the city of Manchester are industrialised and densely populated, about two-thirds of the borough is composed of rural open space. For its first 12 years the borough had a two-tier system of local government. Since the Local Government Act 1985 Oldham Council has been a unitary authority, serving as the sole executive and legislative body responsible for local policy, setting council tax, allocating budget in the district.
The Metropolitan Borough of Oldham has 20 electoral wards. Noted as one of the more unpopular amalgamations of territory created by local government reform in the 1970s, the Oldham borough underwent a £100,000 rebranding exercise in early 2008; the town has no listed buildings with a Grade I rating, the borough's architecture has been described as "mediocre". There have been calls for the borough to be renamed, but that possibility was dismissed during the rebranding of 2008. Part of Oldham is rural and semi-rural, with a quarter of the borough lying within the Peak District National Park, it has high-density urban areas and suburbs and is a ‘Gateway to the Pennines’, located between the cities of Manchester and Leeds. The Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale lies to the north-west, the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees to the east, the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside to the south; the City of Manchester lies directly to the south west and the Derbyshire Borough of High Peak lies directly to the south east, but Derbyshire is only bordered by high moorland near Black Hill and is not accessible by road.
Following both the Local Government Act 1888 and Local Government Act 1894, local government in England had been administered via a national framework of rural districts, urban districts, municipal boroughs and county boroughs, shared power with strategic county councils of the administrative counties. The areas that were incorporated into the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham in 1974 had formed part of Chadderton Urban District, Crompton Urban District, Failsworth Urban District, Lees Urban District and Royton Urban District from the administrative county of Lancashire, Saddleworth Urban District from the West Riding of Yorkshire, the politically independent County Borough of Oldham. By the early 1970s, this system of demarcation was described as "archaic" and "grossly inadequate to keep pace both with the impact of motor travel, with the huge increases in local government responsibilities". After the exploration of reform, such as the proposals made by the Redcliffe-Maud Report in the late 1960s, the Local Government Act 1972 restructured local government in England by creating a system of two-tier metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties and districts throughout the country.
The act formally established the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham as a local government district of the new metropolitan county of Greater Manchester on 1 April 1974. The district was granted honorific borough status on 23 November 1973 by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, which allowed the council to have a mayor; the new dual local authorities of Oldham Metropolitan Borough Council and Greater Manchester County Council had been running since elections in 1973 however. The leading article in The Times on the day the Local Government Act came into effect noted that the "new arrangement is a compromise which seeks to reconcile familiar geography which commands a certain amount of affection and loyalty, with the scale of operations on which modern planning methods can work effectively"; the borough is noted as one of the more unpopular amalgamations of territory created by local government reform in the 1970s. This being true of residents of the parish of Saddleworth who viewed the new arrangement as a "retrograde step".
It had been proposed in a government White paper that the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham include the former mill town of Middleton. However this was given to the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale once it was decided that Rochdale and Bury would not be merged. Before its creation, it was suggested that the metropolitan borough be named New Oldham, but, rejected. In the early 20th century, following some exchanges of land, there were attempts to amalgamate Chadderton Urban District with the County Borough of Oldham. However, this was resisted by councillors from Chadderton Urban District Council; the Oldham borough underwent a rebranding exercise in 2008 with a view to improving cross-community unity. Officials believed the borough's image was outdated and that "often negative" national media coverage held and continues to hold back businesses and hampers attempts to attract new investors and external funding. There had been calls for the borough to be renamed to a "settlement-neutral" name as part of the rebranding.
However, consultants cited that this idea came from a "vocal minority" wishing to distance themselves