Mexico at the Olympics
Mexico first participated at the Olympic Games in 1900 and has sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games since 1924. Mexico has participated in several Winter Olympic Games since 1928, though has never medaled in the Winter Olympics. Mexican athletes have won a total of 69 medals with diving as the top medal-producing sport; the National Olympic Committee for Mexico is the Mexican Olympic Committee and was created in 1923. Mexico was the first Latin American nation to host the Olympic Games on one occasion. Joaquín Capilla is the Mexican athlete with the most medals and the first Mexican athlete to obtain medals in three consecutive games, while Humberto Mariles is the only double Olympic champion the Mexican athlete with the most medals at a single Olympic games, with three in 1948, got Mexico's first gold medal. In 2016 María Espinoza became the first Mexican female to win a medal in three consecutive games. List of flag bearers for Mexico at the Olympics Category: Olympic competitors for Mexico Mexico at the Paralympics Sport in Mexico "Mexico".
International Olympic Committee. "Results and Medalists — Mexico". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. "Mexico". Sports-Reference.com
Raúl González (racewalker)
Raúl González Rodríguez is a retired Mexican race walker. He set the world record in the 50-kilometres racewalk twice in 1978; as of October 2011, it still was the North American record. Gonzalez won the 50 km racewalk at the IAAF World Race Walking Cup in 1977, 1981 and 1983, he won a silver medal in 20 km and a gold in 50 km at the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles. Gonzalez set an Olympic record winning the 50-kilometres event at 47 minutes, 26 seconds. Gonzalez was a member of the national racewalk team that received Mexico's National Sports Prize in 1977. From 1988 to 1994 he was Director of National Sports Commission of Mexico, from 2002 to 2004 executive president of the Mexican Professional Baseball League
Alberto Mercado Monserrate was a Jr. Featherweight boxer, on the verge of fighting for a world title at least twice in his career. Mercado started boxing as an amateur at the age of 12 winning a nationwide competition known as the "Olimpiadas Jíbaras de la Vivienda"; this hoping to win a world title in the future. In 1978, Mercado represented Puerto Rico at the 1978 Central American and Caribbean Games held at Colombia, he participated in a world cup tournament. Hoping to become the first Puerto Rican to win a gold medal at an Olympic Games, Mercado moved to Cuba periodically. Around that era, Mercado worked alongside one of Jose Celso Barbosa's children. Mercado was one of only three American citizens to participate in the 1980 Olympics celebrated in Moscow, Soviet Union, bearing the flag of and competing in boxing for Puerto Rico after having won the gold medal at the 1979 Pan American Games; the other two were representants from Puerto Rico and boxers: Luis Pizarro and José Angel Molina. In the professional ranks Mercado had a winning record, but had some bad luck.
He lost to Refugio Rojas in a USBA Featherweight title try on points by split decision, on a fight to decide the IBF's #1 challenger, he lost by a knockout in 7 rounds to eventual world champion Antonio Rivera, after leading the fight on all scorecards at the end of round 6. Mercado trained at the famous Bairoa gym at Caguas and he was friends with gym-mate Juan Carazo. Mercado worked as a fireman in Dade County, for many years, he resided in Cayey during his years as a top boxing contender. He had a professional record of 14 losses and 1 draw, with 27 wins by knockout. Mercado works at the gym of the University of Puerto Rico at Cayey. There are plans to build a small museum in Cayey dedicated to him. Juan Carazo List of Puerto Ricans Miguel Angel Cotto Sports in Puerto Rico Evans, Hilary. "Alberto Mercado". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC
Mexico the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States. Covering 2,000,000 square kilometres, the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity, the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Puebla, Tijuana and León. Pre-Columbian Mexico dates to about 8000 BC and is identified as one of five cradles of civilization and was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec and Aztec before first contact with Europeans. In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its politically powerful base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan, administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain.
Three centuries the territory became a nation state following its recognition in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. The post-independence period was tumultuous, characterized by economic inequality and many contrasting political changes; the Mexican–American War led to a territorial cession of the extant northern territories to the United States. The Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires, the Porfiriato occurred in the 19th century; the Porfiriato was ended by the start of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system as a federal, democratic republic. Mexico has the 11th largest by purchasing power parity; the Mexican economy is linked to those of its 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement partners the United States. In 1994, Mexico became the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, it is classified as an upper-middle income country by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country by several analysts.
The country is considered both a regional power and a middle power, is identified as an emerging global power. Due to its rich culture and history, Mexico ranks first in the Americas and seventh in the world for number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Mexico is an ecologically megadiverse country, ranking fourth in the world for its biodiversity. Mexico receives a huge number of tourists every year: in 2018, it was the sixth most-visited country in the world, with 39 million international arrivals. Mexico is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G8+5, the G20, the Uniting for Consensus group of the UN, the Pacific Alliance trade bloc. Mēxihco is the Nahuatl term for the heartland of the Aztec Empire, namely the Valley of Mexico and surrounding territories, with its people being known as the Mexica, it is believed to be a toponym for the valley which became the primary ethnonym for the Aztec Triple Alliance as a result, although it could have been the other way around.
In the colonial era, back when Mexico was called New Spain this territory became the Intendency of Mexico and after New Spain achieved independence from the Spanish Empire it came to be known as the State of Mexico with the new country being named after its capital: the City of Mexico, which itself was founded in 1524 on top of the ancient Mexica capital of Mexico-Tenochtitlan. Traditionally, the name Tenochtitlan was thought to come from Nahuatl tetl and nōchtli and is thought to mean "Among the prickly pears rocks". However, one attestation in the late 16th-century manuscript known as "the Bancroft dialogues" suggests the second vowel was short, so that the true etymology remains uncertain; the suffix -co is the Nahuatl locative, making the word a place name. Beyond that, the etymology is uncertain, it has been suggested that it is derived from Mextli or Mēxihtli, a secret name for the god of war and patron of the Mexica, Huitzilopochtli, in which case Mēxihco means "place where Huitzilopochtli lives".
Another hypothesis suggests that Mēxihco derives from a portmanteau of the Nahuatl words for "moon" and navel. This meaning might refer to Tenochtitlan's position in the middle of Lake Texcoco; the system of interconnected lakes, of which Texcoco formed the center, had the form of a rabbit, which the Mesoamericans pareidolically associated with the moon rabbit. Still another hypothesis suggests that the word is derived from Mēctli, the name of the goddess of maguey; the name of the city-state was transliterated to Spanish as México with the phonetic value of the letter x in Medieval Spanish, which represented the voiceless postalveolar fricative. This sound, as well as the voiced postalveolar fricative, represented by a j, evolved into a voiceless velar fricative during the 16th century; this led to the use of the variant Méjico in many publications in Spanish, most notably in Spain, whereas in Mexico and most other Spanish–speaking countries, México was the preferred spelling. In recent years, the Real Academia Española, which regulates the Spanish l
Daniel Zaragoza is a Mexican former professional boxer known as "The Mouse". Described as a "road warrior" for his willingness to travel and fan friendly style, Zaragoza was a popular champion in the Bantamweight and Super Bantamweight divisions throughout the 1980s and 1990s. 1979 Represented Mexico as a bantamweight at the Pan-American Games in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Results were: Defeated Alfonso Abata Lost to Jackie Beard points Represented Mexico as a bantamweight at the 1980 Moscow Olympic Games. Results were: Defeated Philip Sutcliffe points Defeated Ray Gilbody points Lost to Michael Anthony TKO by 2 In October 1980, Zaragoza won his pro debut against Ernesto Gutierrez. In 1985 he captured the vacant WBC Bantamweight title with a disqualification victory over Freddie Jackson in Aruba, he lost his title in his first defense to Miguel "Happy" Lora. In his next bout in 1986, he suffered a non-title loss to IBF Bantamweight Champion and future International Boxing Hall of Fame member Jeff Fenech in Australia.
Zaragoza moved up in weight in his next bout and scored 7 consecutive wins before capturing the vacant WBC Super Bantamweight title with a knockout win over future hall of fame member Carlos Zarate in 1988. He retained the title five times, including a hard fought draw in South Korea against IBF Super Bantamweight champion Lee Seung-hoon, a knockout victory against future champion Valerio Nati in Italy, a decision victory over Paul Banke in the first fight of their trilogy, a knockout victory against Frankie Duarte, a decision victory over former champion Chan-Yong Park in South Korea. In 1990, he lost the belt to Paul Banke. Banke would go on to lose the title by knockout against Pedro Ruben Decima, who in turn was knocked out by Kiyoshi Hatanaka. In 1991, Zaragoza regained, he avenged his loss to Paul Banke. In 1992, he lost his title to Thierry Jacob by decision in France. In his next two fights he battled newly crowned WBC super bantamweight titleholder Tracy Harris Patterson, who had defeated Jacob.
He fought to a draw with Patterson in the first bout and lost by technical knockout in the second bout when the fight was stopped due to a cut despite the objections of Zaragoza. In 1995 he would yet again get another crack at the title against WBC Super Bantamweight champion Hector Acero-Sanchez, who had defeated Tracy Harris Patterson to win the title; the bout was controversially ruled a draw with most observers believing Zaragoza should have been declared the winner. He fought a rematch with Sanchez in the year and won the belt via split decision. At 36 years 11 months, he became the oldest super bantamweight champion in history; this began a late-career surge for Zaragoza, able to defend the title four times, including two wins against former and future champion Joichiro Tatsuyoshi in Japan, a tko win over Tsuyoshi Harada in Japan, an upset win against undefeated bantamweight champion Wayne McCullough who had moved up in weight. On Sep 6, 1997, he lost his title to then-undefeated 21-year-old Erik Morales, who knocked out Zaragoza in the 11th round.
Zaragoza retired after the bout at the age of 39 with a record of 55-8-3. He was inducted to the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 2004. List of WBC world champions List of Mexican boxing world champions Professional boxing record for Daniel Zaragoza from BoxRec International Boxing Hall of Fame Biography
Petar Lesov is a former Bulgarian boxer, who won the Flyweight Gold medal at the 1980 Summer Olympics. He is a two-time European champion in the flyweight division. Lesov is a boxing coach. Below is the Olympic record of Petar Lesov, a Bulgarian flyweight boxer who competed in the 1980 Moscow Olympics: Round of 32: Defeated Onofre Ramírez by decision, 5-0 Round of 16: Defeated Hassen Sherif by decision, 5-0 Quarterfinal: Defeated Gilberto Roman by decision, 4-1 Semifinal: Defeated Hugh Russell by decision, 5-0 Final: Defeated Viktor Miroshnichenko by a second-round TKO Lesov turned pro in 1991 with little success. After five defeats by KO or TKO, including a loss to journeyman Wilson Rodriguez, he retired in 1992 with a record of 0-5-0. Professional boxing record for Petar Lesov from BoxRec Petar Lesov at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com
Rodolfo Gómez Orozco is a retired long-distance runner, one of the leading runners represented from Mexico in the 1970s and 1980s. He won the Tokyo Marathon, the IAAF Citizen Golden Marathon in Athens, the Rotterdam Marathon, the Nike OTC Marathon, the Pittsburgh Marathon and the Mexico City Marathon, he gained prominence on American television in 1982 when he set his Personal Record of 2:09:33 while being the primary foil to Alberto Salazar's third victory in a row at the New York Marathon. Gómez represented Mexico at three consecutive Summer Olympics, starting in 1976. On he became an athletics coach, guiding runners like Andrés Espinosa, Germán Silva, Benjamín Paredes, Adriana Fernández, Isaac García, Martín Pitayo, Isidro Rico. Rodolfo Gómez at IAAF Rodolfo Gómez at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com