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Michael (archangel)

Michael is an archangel in Judaism and Islam. In Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Lutheran systems of faith, he is called "Saint Michael the Archangel" and "Saint Michael". In the Oriental Orthodox and Eastern Orthodox religions, he is called "Saint Michael the Taxiarch". In other Protestant churches, he is called "Archangel Michael". Michael is mentioned three times in the Book of Daniel; the idea that Michael was the advocate of the Jews became so prevalent that, in spite of the rabbinical prohibition against appealing to angels as intermediaries between God and his people, Michael came to occupy a certain place in the Jewish liturgy. In the New Testament, Michael leads God's armies against Satan's forces in the Book of Revelation, where during the war in heaven he defeats Satan. In the Epistle of Jude, Michael is referred to as "the archangel Michael". Catholic sanctuaries to Michael appeared in the 4th century, when he was first seen as a healing angel, over time as a protector and the leader of the army of God against the forces of evil.

Michael is mentioned three times in all in the Book of Daniel. The prophet Daniel experiences a vision after having undergone a period of fasting. Daniel 10:13-21 describes Daniel's vision of an angel who identifies Michael as the protector of Israel. At Daniel 12:1, Daniel is informed that Michael will arise during the "time of the end"; the Book of Revelation describes a war in heaven. After the conflict, Satan is thrown to earth along with the fallen angels, where he still tries to "lead the whole world astray". In the Epistle of Jude 1:9, Michael is referred to as an "archangel". A reference to an "archangel" appears in the First Epistle to the Thessalonians 4:16; this archangel who heralds the second coming of Christ is not named, but is associated with Michael. Michael, is one of the two archangels mentioned in the Quran, alongside Jibrail, while in non-Quranic sources, such as Sahih Muslim, "Israfil" is yet another Islamic'archangel'. In the Quran, Michael is mentioned once only, in Sura 2:98: "Whoever is an enemy to God, His angels and His messengers, Jibrail and Mikhail!

God is an enemy to the disbelievers." Some Muslims believe that the reference in Sura 11:69 is Michael, one of the three angels who visited Abraham. According to rabbinic Jewish tradition, Michael acted as the advocate of Israel, sometimes had to fight with the princes of the other nations and with the angel Samael, Israel's accuser. Michael's enmity with Samael dates from the time. Samael took hold of the wings of Michael. Michael said "May The Lord rebuke you" to Satan for attempting to claim the body of Moses; the idea that Michael was the advocate of the Jews became so prevalent that in spite of the rabbinical prohibition against appealing to angels as intermediaries between God and his people, Michael came to occupy a certain place in the Jewish liturgy: "When a man is in need he must pray directly to God, neither to Michael nor to Gabriel." There were two prayers written beseeching him as the prince of mercy to intercede in favor of Israel: one composed by Eliezer ha-Kalir, the other by Judah ben Samuel he-Hasid.

But appeal to Michael seems to have been more common in ancient times. Thus Jeremiah is said to have addressed a prayer to him; the rabbis declare that Michael entered upon his role of defender at the time of the biblical patriarchs. Thus, according to Rabbi Eliezer ben Jacob, it was Michael who rescued Abraham from the furnace into which he had been thrown by Nimrod, it was Michael, the "one that had escaped", who told Abraham that Lot had been taken captive, who protected Sarah from being defiled by Abimelech. He announced to Sarah that she would bear a son and he rescued Lot at the destruction of Sodom, it is said that Michael prevented Isaac from being sacrificed by his father by substituting a ram in his place, saved Jacob, while yet in his mother's womb, from being killed by Samael. Michael prevented Laban from harming Jacob.. It was Michael who afterwards blessed him; the midrash Exodus Rabbah holds that Michael exercised his function of advocate of Israel at the time of the Exodus when Satan accused the Israelites of idolatry and declared that they were deserving of death by drowning in the Red Sea.

Michael is said to have destroyed the army of Sennacherib. Michael was venerated as a healer in Catholic Phrygia; the earliest and most famous Catholic sanctuary to Michael in the ancient Near East was associated with healing waters. It was the Michaelion built in the early 4th century by Emperor Constantine at Chalcedon, on the site of an earlier Temple called Sosthenion. Epiphanius of Salamis referred in his Coptic-Arabic Hexaemeron to Michael as a replacement of Satan. Accordingly, after Satan fell, Michael was appointed to the function Satan occupied when he was still one of the noble angels. A painting of the Archangel slaying a serpent became a major art piece at the Michael

The Dark Mod

The Dark Mod is free and open-source software first-person stealth video game, inspired by the Thief series by Looking Glass Studios. The game provides the basic framework and tools – engine, models, an editor – for more than 100 fan-made missions, including several multi-mission campaigns; the Dark Mod was first released in 2009 as a total conversion mod for Doom 3. Version 2.0 was released in October 2013 as a standalone game using the open-source id Tech 4 game engine. The Dark Mod takes place in a classic gothic steampunk world; this includes a crossover of elements of fantasy, the Late Middle Ages, the Victorian era and the Industrial Revolution. Although set in a similar world to that of the original Thief series, the mod does not use any of the original Thief intellectual property; the player is an agile thief in a hostile world. He has to use his equipment and the environment to avoid guards, creatures or other threats, his equipment include a blackjack, water arrows, holy water, flashbombs and more.

Since the player has only a limited fighting capability, he is supposed to sneak and hide in dark avoiding combat. The plot and mission goals are set by the author of the fan campaign; the Dark Mod was released as a total conversion modification for Doom 3, but with the release of version 2.0 it became standalone on the id Tech 4 game engine. The game's source code is licensed under the GNU General Public License 3 and all other non-software components are under Creative Commons BY-NC-SA; the mod was developed as a toolkit. It includes models, sounds, AI, tools, a specialised editor for users to create custom missions; the development of the mod started in 2004, the first Beta was released in 2008, along with its first mission. In October 2009, v 1.0 was released. In October 2013 version 2.0 was released as a standalone game that included two missions created by the development team. The current version is v 2.07, with over 100 fan-made missions available, a lengthy campaign titled "Crucible of Omens" in development.

The Dark Mod 2.06 includes code from the dhewm3 fork of the id Tech 4 game engine, ported to 64-bit, etc. It is now possible to play The Dark Mod as a native 64-bit build on Linux and you should no longer need to install 32-bit libraries. Notable features as of 2.06 64-bit: Soft shadows Symmetric multiprocessing optimizations EFX Audio FFmpeg video support Scrolling menus and GUI scaling options Modernized OpenGL invokes, GLSL shaders, Frame Buffer Object supportNote: As of 2.07, Soft shadows are available in two varieties: Blurred shadow volumes with a blurring algorithm similar to PCSS Shadow mapping with true PCSS blurring The Dark Mod has been featured and reviewed by a number of major game magazines and blogs. Examples include the Dutch magazine PC Game Play, the blog Kotaku, the British magazine PC Gamer, the German magazines PC Games and GameStar, as well as the British gaming website Rock, Shotgun. After going standalone the project received additional substantial coverage from Destructoid and Joystiq.

The Dark Mod won PC Gamer UK's Game of the Year award for 2013, has been distributed on several magazine cover DVDs. In 2014 The Dark Mod was named by PCGamer among the "Ten top fan remade classics you can play for free right now". In 2016, The Dark Mod was ranked. List of open-source games List of video games derived from modifications Official website The Dark Mod Wiki

The Party of Moderate Progress Within the Bounds of the Law

The Party of Moderate Progress Within the Bounds of the Law was a satirical political party in Cisleithania, founded by Jaroslav Hašek in 1911. The party campaigned satirically for election to the Imperial Council. Due to their dual nature as both a political "party" and a political-artistic "action group", it is extremely difficult to differentiate the reality from the fiction of the SMPVMZ. According to the statements of the party leader Hašek, the party was founded in 1904 in the restaurant'The Golden Liter' in Prague's Vinohrady quarter. Other participants were the writer František Langer and the Prague Technikum official Eduard Drobílek, who came up with the idea and served as treasurer; the party name referred to the controversial Imperial Rescript dated September 12, 1871, in which the Bohemian Landtag, as the representative organ of Czech political power, was asked to contribute to "the contemporary constitutional order, in the spirit of moderation and reconciliation." The party was most founded as a direct response to the overly accommodating behavior of the Czech Social Democratic Party, whose Prague representatives held events in Zlatý litr.

The party slogan abbreviation was "SRK", which stood for "Solidarity and Comradeship" but in practice meant Slivovitz and Kontusovka. The party grew slowly. By its own account, there were only eight members as of December 14, 1904; as time went on the membership grew to include a few lawyers and doctors, as well as numerous figures from Prague's cultural scene: the anarchist journalist and publisher Antonín Bouček. There is no evidence the party engaged in any public activities until 1911; the only record is a political pamphlet by Hašeks from 1904 referred to as "I am a member of a secondment from the country", a description of the earliest form of the party's work. However, numerous researchers place the founding of the party with the activities of the 1911 elections. In contrast, numerous texts describe pre-1911 propaganda expeditions by party members to different regions of the K.u. K-Monarchy; the journeys were described by the party leader as figurative "apostolic missions" through Moravia, Lower Austria, Croatia, the Carniola, Upper Austria and Vienna.

Since these trips have a strong resemblance to the "Vagabond Wanderinsg" Hašek undertook starting in 1900 the party history is a case of an after-the-fact blurring and mystification on the part of the author, as evidence shows Hašek active as a journalist for an anarchist newspaper and an anarcho-syndicalist organizer during this time. For example, in 1907 he disturbed an electoral event of the Clerical Party as an agent provocateur, in the same year was sentenced to a month in prison on charges of "assassination" and "incitement to assault". Therefore, some researchers consider the PMPWBL an "anarchist front-group". On April 8, 1911, after the dissolution of the old imperial council, the Austrian Interior Minister set a general election date of June 13, 1911, for the election of deputies to the 21st session of the Austrian House of Deputies, to begin in mid-July. A few days at the new party headquarters, the Cow Stall in the Vinohrady quarter, an executive committee of the reorganized "Party for Moderate Progress Within the Bounds of the Law" announced they would participate in the election with their own candidate.

At the same time, they published a manifesto to the Czech people, in which they introduced to party ideology of "Moderate Progress": "The Svatopluk Čech Bridge was not built overnight. First Svatopluk Čech had to be born, become a famous poet, die there had to be an urban renewal, only was the Svatopluk Čech Bridge built."The manifesto was signed by leading Czech social democrats Emanuel Škatula und Bohumír Šmeral co-founders of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. However the two politicians stood in the election as candidates, it is doubtful they were aware of their signatures in advance; the platform of the candidate for the Vinorhady election district, Jaroslav Hašek, consisted of seven points: The reintroduction of slavery. The nationalization of janitors.. The rehabilitation of animals; the institutionalization of feeble-minded MPs. The reintroduction of the Inquisition. Judicial immunity for the Church; the mandatory introduction of alcoholism. The party hosted numerous speaker evenings, which included Max Brod and Franz Kafka among the spectators.

Hašek gave multi-hour campaign speeches "with a great deal of promises and reforms, smeared the other parties, denounced his opponents, everything that befits a decent candidate to such an honorable ", according to attendee František Langer. The songwriter Josef Mach wrote a party hymn for the campaign: "Milión kandidátů vstalo, / by oklamán byl bodrý lid, by voličstvo jim hlasy dalo / prý ochotně je chtějí vzít. Ať prudký pokrok chtějí jiní, / násilím