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Michael Choniates

Michael Choniates, Byzantine writer and ecclesiastic, was born at Chonae. At an early age he was the pupil of Eustathius of Thessalonica. Around 1175 he was appointed archbishop of Athens, a position which he retained until 1204. In 1204, he defended the Acropolis of Athens from attack by Leo Sgouros, holding out until the arrival of the Crusaders in 1205, to whom he surrendered the city. After the establishment of Latin control, he retired to the island of Ceos. Around 1217 he moved again to the monastery of Vodonitsa near Thermopylae. Though he is known to classical scholars as the last possessor of complete versions of Callimachus' Hecale and Aitia, he was a versatile writer, composed homilies and poems, with his correspondence, throw considerable light upon the miserable condition of Attica and Athens at the time, his memorial to Alexios III Angelos on the abuses of Byzantine administration, the poetical lament over the degeneracy of Athens and the monodies on his brother Nicetas and Eustathius, archbishop of Thessalonica, deserve special mention.

It is believed that his daughter Constantina tutored, in Greek and science, John of Basingstoke, Archdeacon of Leicester known for his fluency in and advocacy of the Greek language. Michael's pupil George Bardanes, who had accompanied him during his exile on Ceos, became a distinguished bishop in subsequent years. Edition of his works by Spyridon Lambros Migne, Patrologia Graeca, cxL. Adolf Ellissen, Michael Akominatos, containing several pieces with German translation Ferdinand Gregorovius, Geschichte der Stadt Athen im Mittelalter, i, George Finlay, History of Greece, iv. pp. 133–134. Thallon, C. A Medieval Humanist: Michael Akominatos. Stadtmüller, G. "Michael Choniates, Metropolit von Athen," Orientalia Christiana, 33,2, 125-325. Setton, K. M. "Athens in the Later Twelfth Century," Speculum, XIX, 179-207. Anthony Kaldellis, "Michael Choniates: a classicist-bishop and his cathedral," in Idem, The Christian Parthenon: Classicism and Pilgrimage in Byzantine Athens, 145-162. Nario Gallina, "La reazione antiromana nell'epistolario di Michele Coniata Metropolita d'Atene" in Gherardo Ortalli, Giorgio Ravegnani, Peter Schreiner, eds.

Quarta Crociata vol. 1 pp. 423–446 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Acominatus, Michael". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 150–151. Athanasios Angelou, «Rhetoric and History: Τhe case of Nicetas Choniates», στο History as Literature in Byzantium, ed. Ruth Macrides, Ashgate 2010, σ. 289-305

Big Brother Awards

The Big Brother Awards recognize "the government and private sector organizations... which have done the most to threaten personal privacy". They are named after the George Orwell character Big Brother from the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four, they are awarded yearly to authorities, companies and persons that have been acting and to threaten or violate people's privacy, or disclosed people's personal data to third parties. The awards are intended to draw public attention to privacy issues and related alarming trends in society in data privacy; the contest is organized by loose coalition of nongovernmental organization, including Iuridicum Remedium, Privacy International, others, although some national-level BBAs are organized by specific sponsors. The German Big Brother Awards hosted by Digitalcourage in Bielefeld; the United States most hosted its Big Brother Awards – known as the Orwell Awards or the Orwells – on 14 April 2005 in Seattle, Washington. They had been hosted in Berkeley, California, on 12 April 2004.

The first annual US Big Brother Awards were made at the Computers and Privacy Conference in Washington, D. C. on 7 April 1999, the 50th anniversary of the publication of Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four. The awards were made by Simon Davies, managing director of the London-based Privacy International to recognize "the government and private sector organizations which have done the most to invade personal privacy in the United States." The awards were given in five categories: Greatest Corporate Invader, Lifetime Menace, Most Invasive Program, People's Choice, Worst Public Official. The following countries have their own version of the Big Brother Awards: Australia Austria Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Hungary Italy Japan Netherlands New Zealand Spain Switzerland United Kingdom United States Brandeis Award Mass surveillance Orwell Award International Website about the Big Brother Awards

Keanu Vers

Keanu Armandio Vers is a South African rugby union player for the Eastern Province Elephants in the Currie Cup. He is a utility back that can play as a winger or centre. Vers represented his local provincial union, Eastern Province, at all youth levels throughout his school career. In 2009, he played for them at the Under-13 Craven Week tournament held in Kimberley, scoring tries in victories over the Golden Lions and KwaZulu-Natal. In 2012, he played for them at the Under-16 Grant Khomo Week, again scoring two tries during the tournament in matches against South Western Districts and Boland, he was chosen to represent them at the foremost schools rugby union competition in South Africa, the Under-18 Craven Week, in both 2013 and 2014. In the 2013 event in Polokwane, Vers scored a try in a 29–18 victory over the Falcons and he kept up his record of scoring in each tournament when he got a try in their 19–5 victory over Free State in the 2014 tournament in Middelburg, helping Eastern Province to victories in all three of their matches, including a 25–7 win over South Western Districts in the main match on the final day to finish the tournament as unofficial champions.

After the tournament, Vers was included in a South Africa Schools that participated in the Under-18 International Series against teams from France and England. He was an unused replacement in their 28–13 victory over France, but was promoted to the starting line-up for their 40–15 win over Wales in their second match, he retained his spot for their final match against England and repaid the faith by scoring two tries in the match, but still ended on the losing side as England won 30–22 in the match played in Stellenbosch. Vers joined the Eastern Province Academy for 2015 and was included in the Eastern Province U19 squad that competed in Group A of the 2015 Under-219 Provincial Championship, their second season since winning promotion from Group B at the end of 2013. Vers' first appearance at this level came in a match against the Sharks U19 and he took just 47 minutes to score his first try in a 26–7 win, he scored another try in their next match against Golden Lions U19 and made three more starts, helping Eastern Province to finish top of the log, winning eleven of their twelve matches.

He started their 31–15 win over Free State U19 in the semi-final and started the final, playing the entire 80 minutes of their 25–23 victory over the Blue Bulls U19s, helping his side win the Under-19 Provincial Championship for the first time in their history. At the start of 2016, Vers played in the 2016 Varsity Cup competition with NMMU Madibaz, he scored one try in their 19–46 defeat to the UFS Shimlas in a disappointing season for NMMU that saw them finish second-last in the competition. After the Varsity Cup, Vers joined an Eastern Province Kings side that suffered serious financial problems which saw a number of first team regulars leave the union and he was among a number of youngsters that were included in their squad for the 2016 Currie Cup qualification series, he was named in the starting lineup for their first match of the season against the SWD Eagles and made his first class debut by playing the first 50 minutes of the 14–37 defeat before being substituted. He was named on the bench for their third match of the season against the Border Bulldogs and came on as a replacement in the 56th minute.

However, he missed most of the competition due to his selection in the South Africa Under-20 squad. In March 2016, Vers was included in a South Africa Under-20 training squad, made the cut to be named in a reduced provisional squad a week later. On 10 May 2016, he was included in the final squad for the 2016 World Rugby Under 20 Championship tournament to be held in Manchester, England, he came on as a replacement during their opening match in Pool C of the tournament as South Africa came from behind to beat Japan 59–19, before dropping out of the matchday squad for their next pool match as South Africa were beaten 13–19 by Argentina. He was an unused replacement in their final pool match as South Africa bounced back to secure a 40-31 bonus-point victory over France in their final pool match to secure a semi-final place as the best runner-up in the competition, he was an unused as a replacement in the semi-final, as South Africa faced three-time champions England in the semi-finals, with the hosts proving too strong for South Africa, knocking them out of the competition with a 39–17 victory.

He was again named on the bench against Argentina in the third-place play-off final, this time coming on for the final 20 minutes as Argentina beat South Africa – as they did in the pool stages – convincingly winning 49–19 and in the process condemning South Africa to fourth place in the competition

Alexander Gutsalyuk

Alexander Alexandrovich Gutsalyuk is a Russian male volleyball player. With his club Zenit Kazan he competed at the 2011 FIVB Volleyball Men's Club World Championship. 2011/2012 - with Zenit Kazan 2012/2013 - with Lokomotiv Novosibirsk 2014/2015 - with Zenit Kazan 2015/2016 - with Zenit Kazan 2016/2017 - with Zenit Kazan 2011 Qatar - with Zenit Kazan 2015 Brazil - with Zenit Kazan 2016 Brazil - with Zenit Kazan 2017 Poland - with Zenit Kazan 2011/2012 Russian SuperCup 2011, with Zenit Kazan 2011/2012 Russian Championship, with Zenit Kazan 2013/2014 Russian Cup, with Zenit Kazan 2014/2015 Russian Cup, with Zenit Kazan 2014/2015 Russian Championship, with Zenit Kazan 2015/2016 Russian SuperCup 2015, with Zenit Kazan 2015/2016 Russian Cup, with Zenit Kazan 2015/2016 Russian Championship, with Zenit Kazan 2016/2017 Russian SuperCup 2016, with Zenit Kazan 2016/2017 Russian Cup, with Zenit Kazan 2016/2017 Russian Championship, with Zenit Kazan 2017/2018 Russian SuperCup 2017, with Zenit Kazan profile at

Negril (album)

Negril is an album released in 1975 from a session produced and entirely composed by guitarist Eric Gale. It includes some of Jamaica's best-known musicians of the time; the album expresses Gale's fondness for the beach and natural beauty of the Jamaican seaside village Negril, which became a popular destination for tourists. Negril was recorded at the Harry J Studio in Jamaica, it was released in Jamaica by Micron Music, co-owned by executive producer Michael Johnston, in the UK by Klik Records. Gale was under contract with CTI Records. CTI's founder, Creed Taylor, approved of Gale's participation because the cover lists him "courtesy of C. T. I." and publishing credit is listed on the label as "Creede Taylor Inc". The album incorrectly attributes session leader to drummer Sparrow Martin and songwriting to "Eric Gayle." In 1992, Negril was re-released by France's Concert Records, founded by Enzo Hamilton. The CD insert says, "Licensed from Bunny Lee by Enzo Hamilton." In 2008 Michael Johnston claimed.

In 2003 it was reissued by Roving Spirits of Japan. The album was sold on the House of Reggae label and attributed to "Peter Tosh & Friends". Gale is given much smaller billing on the cover. A 2008 article about the album in the Jamaica Gleaner, "Revisiting Eric Gale's Negril", based on an interview with Johnston, said that Tosh played rhythm guitar on one track, I Shot the Sheriff, though rhythm guitar is audible on other tracks; the Klik release has Tosh listed as playing lead and rhythm guitar, but the cover of the Micron release and its reprint both list Tosh as playing rhythm guitar only. In an interview for a 2008 article in the Jamaica Gleaner, Micron owner Michael Johnston claims to have been the album's producer, though the original Micron release credits Eric Gale. Johnston may have been referring to his role as executive producer; the album is offered by Charly Records. It is renamed Negril's Red Ground Funk by "Negril," though Gale is given no credit and the original release bore no such band name.

The album Negril has no connection with a Brazilian band by that name. That group's album is sometimes erroneously listed as additional work by the same artist. Major music streaming services include the album. A review on the reggae site Zinc Fence says of Negril that "listeners with tastes limited to heavy dub were never to find anything to tickle their palettes here, yet anyone looking for a mellow, superbly-played mid-1970s instrumental reggae album could do far worse than seek this out." Black Music magazine called Gale's playing on Negril "sensitive and graceful." Author and music critic John Masouri called the album "a delightful hybrid of reggae, nyahbinghi and jazz, with just a touch of calypso added for good measure." Masouri notes that Peter Tosh's "most telling contribution is the scything wah wah that underpins Gale's lead guitar on I Shot the Sheriff." "Further traces of Tosh are less distinct," Masouri observes. Música Macando says that "Negril sits alongside Below The Bassline by Ernest Ranglin as a distinguished exploration into jazz guitar within reggae subgenres."

It commends the album as "an absolute essential listen for connoisseurs of instrumental reggae and Jamaican jazz." All tracks composed by Eric Gale except. Track order is for original LP release by Micron. Side one "Lighthouse" – 6:05 "East Side, West Side" – 4:53 "Honey Coral Rock" – 3:45 "Negril" – 3:52Side two "Red Ground Funk" – 5:17 "Rasta" – 5:30 "Negril Sea Sunset" – 5:38 "I Shot the Sheriff" – 5:00 Eric Gale – lead guitar, arranger Cedric Brookssaxophone, percussion Leslie Butlerorgan, synthesizer Keith Sterlingpiano Richard Tee – piano Peter Tosh – rhythm guitar Aston Barrettbass guitar Val Douglas – bass guitar Paul Douglasdrums Sparrow Martin – drums Joe Higgs – percussion Uziah Thompson – percussionProduction Michael Johnston – executive producer Sylvan Morris – recording engineer Buddy Davidson – mixing engineer Trevor Campbell – art and cover design Recorded at Harry J Studio, Kingston Eric Gale/Negril URL accessed Nov. 1, 2009. Klik Albums URL accessed Nov. 18, 2009

Ponnambalam Ramanathan

Ponnambalam Ramanathan was a Ceylon Tamil lawyer and Solicitor-General of Ceylon. Ramanathan was born on 16 April 1851 at the home of his maternal grandfather A. Coomaraswamy on Sea Street, Colombo in south western Ceylon, he was the son of Gate Mudaliyar A. Ponnambalam, a leading government functionary, Sellachi Ammai, he was the brother of P. Arunachalam. Ramanathan had his early education at home before joining Royal Academy, Colombo in 1861. Ramanathan and his brother Coomaraswamy entered Presidency College, Madras in 1865; the brothers completed the Intermediate in Arts and started the degree course but, following "youthful excesses" by Coomaraswamy, both were recalled to Ceylon without completing the course. Ramanathan married Sellachchi Ammal, daughter of Mudaliyar E. Nannithamby, in 1874 at Ward Place, Colombo, they had three daughters. After being widowed Ramanathan married Australian R. L. Harrison, they had Sivagamisundhari. Returning to Ceylon, with the help of his maternal uncle Muthu Coomaraswamy Ramanathan became a law apprentice under Richard Morgan, Queen's Advocate of Ceylon.

Ramanathan became an advocate of the Colombo bar in 1874. He was responsible for editing law reports for the previous 36 years and served as editor of the official law reports for ten years. Ramanathan stopped practising law in 1886 to concentrate on politics and his interest religious studies and philosophy. Ramanathan was appointed to the Legislative Council of Ceylon in 1879 as the unofficial member representing Tamils, replacing his maternal uncle Muthu Coomaraswamy. In 1880 he founded the Ceylon National Association, of which he was president, to campaign for constitutional reform Whilst on a tour of Europe Ramanathan, his wife and daughter were presented to Queen Victoria and was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in 1886, he was appointed Solicitor-General of Ceylon in 1892. In 1903 he became one of the first Ceylonese to be appointed King's Counsel. In 1905, prior to his retirement in 1906, he went on a tour of the USA where he gave lectures on Hinduism and Hindu philosophy. Ramanathan founded the National Reform Association in 1907.

He contested the 1911 legislative council election as a candidate for the Educated Ceylonese seat and was elected to the Legislative Council, defeating physician Marcus Fernando. Ramanathan was responsible for the release of the Sinhalese leaders, arrested following the 1915 Ceylonese riots, travelling to the UK to make their case, he was re-elected at the 1916 legislative council election, defeating Justus Sextus Wijesinghe Jayewardene. Ramanathan was appointed as an unofficial member of the Legislative Council in 1921, he contested the 1924 legislative council election as a candidate for the Northern Province North seat and was re-elected to the Legislative Council. Ramanathan was made a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George in the 1889 Birthday Honours, he was made a Knight Bachelor in 1921. Ramanathan founded two schools in northern Ceylon – Parameshwara College and Ramanathan College. In 1907 Ramanathan rebuilt the Sri Ponnambala Vaneswara Temple at Sea Street in Kochchikade, founded by his father.

He helped establish the Hindu Education Board in 1923 and served as its president and manager of schools. He was president of the Thiruvalluvar Maha Sabai in Madras. Ramanathan and other leading figures founded The Ceylonese, an English-language newspaper, in 1913, he was president of the Tamil Union Cricket and Athletic Club from 1917 to 1930. Ramanathan opposed extending voting rights to the people and urged reservation of franchise only to men of the Vellalar caste. Ramanathan died on 26 November 1930 at his home Sukhastan on Colombo. Future Prime Minister D. S. Senanayake described Ramanathan as "the greatest Ceylonese of all times". On Faith or Love of God An Eastern Exposition of the Gospel of Jesus According to St. Matthew An Eastern Exposition of the Gospel of Jesus According to St. John The Spirit of the East Contrasted with the Spirit of the West Culture of the Soul Among Western Nationals Tamil translation of Bhagavat Gheetha One Hundred Tamils of the 20th Century, Tamil Nation