Edward Bishop (mayor)
Edward Brenchley Bishop was the fourth chairman of the Christchurch Town Council, seven years the sixth Mayor of Christchurch in 1872–1873. Born in Maidstone, Kent to a wealthy family, his family lived in Belgium during his childhood, he worked in London for 21 years. His sister Susannah emigrated to New Zealand in 1849 and in the following year, many Bishop siblings followed her on the Charlotte Jane, one of the First Four Ships of organised settlement of Canterbury. With his brother Frederick, he had a large farm just south of Christchurch, the suburb of Somerfield continues to use their farm's name; the brothers were spirit merchants in the city. Bishop was elected onto the town and city council eight times between 1863 and 1873. In 1866, he served as chairman of the town council during one of the most difficult years the council has faced. A ratepayers' revolt nearly bankrupted the council, many staff had to be laid off, basic services discontinued. In December 1872, he was elected by his fellow city councillors as mayor for the coming year.
Bishop acted as returning officer for some of Christchurch City Council's elections. He was involved with many organisations in Christchurch's early history in a leading role as chairman, secretary, or treasurer. Bishop died at his home in Cranmer Square in 1887 having never been married, he is buried in a family grave in Barbadoes Street Cemetery. Bishop was born at Somerfield House in Maidstone, England in 1811, his parents were Mary Ann Bishop. He received his early education from the curate of Sittingbourne; the family moved to Bruges in Belgium, where he attended the Athenée Royale. He finished his education in Dunkirk in France, not far from the Belgium border. From there, he was sent to London for work and spent 21 years in employment as a distiller for Swaine and Co. Bishop emigrated to New Zealand with most of his five siblings on the Charlotte Jane in 1850, with the ship arriving in Lyttelton Harbour on 16 December as the first of the First Four Ships of organised settlement of Canterbury.
These first settlers, known as "The Pilgrims", have their names engraved on marble plaques in Cathedral Square, Christchurch, in front of the ChristChurch Cathedral. The Bishop siblings were following their sister Susannah, who had gone to Lyttelton with her husband. Most of the Bishop siblings emigrated to New Zealand on the Charlotte Jane, his oldest sister was Mary Ann, who married the veterinarian Edward Knapman on 8 December 1858 at St Michael's Church. Two of her diaries that describe their emigration journey and their early time in the colony until May 1851 are held by Christchurch City Libraries. Bishop himself was the second oldest of the siblings; the next sibling was his sister Susannah, who had married Augustus James Alport on 18 May 1844 at St Mary's Church, London. The Alport family with three children landed in Wellington on the Mariner on 12 July 1849. Alport sailed to Lyttelton on the Harlequin on 9 September 1849, his family followed him two months on the Sisters. Alport assisted Captain Joseph Thomas, the chief surveyor of the Canterbury Association, with getting Lyttelton ready for the First Four Ships.
Alport established Brenchley Farm on the hillside above Lyttelton, based on the name of his wife's family estate. He was an auctioneer and organised the shipping of luggage from Lyttelton Harbour to the wharf in Heathcote; the Alports had three girls. Susannah Alport died in 1858 in Lyttelton. Brenchley Avenue in Lyttelton refers to the early farming activities of the Alports. Alport Place in the Christchurch suburb of Woolston was formed through the construction of the Woolston Cut; as the works were a flood protection measure, road names with a nautical theme were chosen, the name refers to Alport's early shipping service. Brenchley Avenue in the Christchurch suburb of Strowan was named after a owner of Brenchley Farm, Lyttelton mayor Samuel Rollin Webb, who retired there, his third sister was Emma Kate. His oldest brother was Charles Wellington, his first wife was Mariane Alport. They had three children before she died in mid-1849 in London, he married her sister Ellen on 13 April 1850. The children from the first marriage were Vallance, Agnes Kate, Rookwood Comport.
Charles was the first general postmaster of Christchurch, a storekeeper, a member of the inaugural Christchurch City Council, a member of the Canterbury Provincial Council for the Christchurch Central electorate. When he stood for election to the House of Representatives in the Avon electorate in 1866, he was beaten by Crosbie Ward, his brother Charles died in 1884. When the remaining Pilgrims, as the settlers who arrived on the First Four Ships were called, gathered in Cathedral Square 50 years after their arrival in Lyttelton, Rockwood Bishop and Agnes Kate Blake were the only ones from the Bishop family who attended. Rookwood Bishop, misspelled in many sources as Rockwood, was the first mayor of the New Brighton Borough Council. Agnes had married Walter Blake in 1868, his second brother and youngest sibling was Frederick Augustus, who married a daughter of Charles Kiver in 1859. Like his father, Bishop worked in that profession for 21 years. Bishop and his brother Frederick bought land at the southern end of Colombo Street at the Heathcote River.
They called their farm Somerfield, after their birthplace, they appear on
Cressy was one of the "First Four Ships" in 1850 to carry emigrants from England to the new colony of Canterbury in New Zealand. Cressy was the last to arrive on 27 December; the other ships were Charlotte Jane, Sir George Seymour, Randolph. The passengers aboard these four ships were referred to as the "Canterbury Pilgrims" of Christchurch, their names are inscribed on a marble plaque in Cathedral Square in the centre of Christchurch. The ship is remembered in the name of Cressy Terrace, in the port town of Lyttelton. Harry Allwright, Member of Parliament for the Lyttelton electorate 1879–1887 Arthur Dudley Dobson, pioneer surveyor and engineer, son of Edward Dobson Edward Dobson, Provincial Engineer Benjamin Dudley, eminent Anglican priest Michael Hart, Mayor of Christchurch 1874–1875 Mary Townsend, artist Electronic version of a Lyttelton Times article describing the voyage of Cressy
Frederick Hobbs JP was Mayor of Christchurch, New Zealand 1874–1877 for two terms. He is credited with having made significant improvements to the drainage system, thus improving health in the wider Christchurch area. Upon his lobbying, The Christchurch District Drainage Act 1875 was passed, Hobbs became the first chairman of the Christchurch Drainage Board; the family were tailors and the location of their business premises in the north-east quadrant of Cathedral Square gave the area the name of Hobbs' corner. Fred Hobbs commissioned a new building of permanent materials for the site, which became known as Cathedral Chambers and which stood there from the mid-1880s to the 1970s; the locality changed name to Broadway corner, based on the popular café that occupied the first floor. The Hobbs family was known for singing. Fred Hobbs was involved in establishing at least two choirs in Christchurch, his son Frederick Henry Hobbs worked for the English D'Oyly Carte Opera Company. Hobbs was born in Hambleden, England, in 1841.
His parents were William Hobbs and Maria Hobbs. The family knew George Gould senior, an early immigrant to Christchurch; the letters that Gould senior sent home encouraged the Hobbs family to emigrate to Christchurch. The family with four children emigrated to New Zealand on the Caroline Agnes, arrived in Lyttelton on 17 August 1855. Fred Hobbs had three siblings: William Alfred Hobbs, his older brother, married in 1862 at Holy Trinity Avonside and died at Timaru. Anne Hobbs, his only sister, married the publican Jesse Hall of the Eastern Hotel and died at the hotel. Francis Hobbs, his younger brother, is buried at Linwood Cemetery. Hobbs was 13; the Hobbs family had a business as tailors and woollen drapers. From 1858, they advertised as'Hobbs & Son', this changed to'Hobbs & Sons' in August 1862. Whilst his father had come out to New Zealand to do manual labour, the demand for clothing was so great that he soon went back to his old trade, they leased the top floor of a building in the north-east quadrant of Cathedral Square, with a frontage to Colombo Street.
The business name was prominently painted onto the weatherboard. Although the building was leased, it became known as Hobbs' Building, over time, the north-east quadrant of the Square became known as Hobbs' corner. Partners in the business were Fred Hobbs, his father William, his brother William Alfred; the partnership was dissolved in August 1872, his brother continued managing the branch in Timaru on his own account. The Christchurch business continued as'Hobbs and Co', at the time of the death of the company's founder in May 1878, it was the oldest business in Christchurch. In 1883, Hobbs and Co announced that they would replace the wooden building with a three-storey masonry structure; the building was known as Cathedral Chambers. Hobbs' corner became known as Broadway corner, based on the popular café that occupied the first floor. Cathedral Chambers was in turn replaced by the CML Building in 1975. Before 1916, elections for Christchurch City Council were held annually. Hobbs was elected onto the city council four times: in 1870, 1873, 1875 and 1876.
At the Christchurch City Council meeting on 16 December 1874, a new mayor was elected. The councillors decided unanimously on Hobbs as the successor to Michael Hart. Shortly after his election, Hobbs was sworn in as a Justice of the Peace. One of the dominant issues at the time was illness caused through poor open sewers. Just after the election, The Press devoted a detailed and long editorial to the topic, urging the council to act and to devise a solution that would not just address the issue in Christchurch, but in the suburbs, which at the time were all under the control of separate councils, they praised Hobbs for the initiative that he had shown as a councillor. Indeed, Hobbs invited suburban and local bodies to a conference in 1875 to tackle the issue in a comprehensive manner; the work and lobbying of Hobbs was instrumental in the establishment of The Christchurch District Drainage Act 1875. When the drainage board first met on 4 January 1876, Henry Tancred was proposed as chairman. H. J. Hall proposed Hobbs, not because he was the current Mayor of Christchurch, but because of his lobbying on the drainage question.
After some discussion, the original motion was withdrawn, Hobbs became the first chairperson of the Christchurch Drainage Board. During Hobbs' first term in office, The Municipal Corporations Acts Amendment Act, 1875, was passed, this legislation stipulated that mayors had to be elected at large. Hobbs was the only candidate nominated, so the returning officer, Edward Bishop, declared him elected unopposed on 17 December 1875. After having served two terms, Hobbs did not seek election for a third term; this was regretted by one of the local newspapers, The Star, as they regarded him as having "discharged his duties with a thoroughness and zeal which will not be equalled by his successor." The mayor was for the first time elected by voters on 20 December 1876. The 20 December 1876 mayoral election was contested by James Gapes and Charles Thomas Ick, with Gapes representing working class interests, wher
Lord Mayor of London
The Lord Mayor of London is the City of London's mayor and leader of the City of London Corporation. Within the City, the Lord Mayor is accorded precedence over all individuals except the sovereign and retains various traditional powers and privileges, including the title and style The Right Honourable the Lord Mayor of London; this office differs from the much more powerful Mayor of London, a popularly elected position and covers the much larger Greater London area. In 2006 the Corporation of London changed its name to the City of London Corporation, when the title Lord Mayor of the City of London was reintroduced to avoid confusion with the Mayor of London. However, the legal and used title remains Lord Mayor of London; the Lord Mayor is elected at Common Hall each year on Michaelmas, takes office on the Friday before the second Saturday in November, at The Silent Ceremony. The Lord Mayor's Show is held on the day after taking office. One of the world's oldest continuously elected civic offices, the Lord Mayor's main role nowadays is to represent and promote the businesses and residents in the City of London.
Today, these businesses are in the financial sector and the Lord Mayor is regarded as the champion of the entire UK-based financial sector regardless of ownership or location throughout the country. As leader of the Corporation of the City of London, the Lord Mayor serves as the key spokesman for the local authority and has important ceremonial and social responsibilities. All Lord Mayors of London are apolitical; the Lord Mayor of London delivers many hundreds of speeches and addresses per year, attends many receptions and other events in London and beyond. Many incumbents of the office make overseas visits while Lord Mayor of London; the Lord Mayor ex-officio Rector of London's City, University of London and Admiral of the Port of London, is assisted in day-to-day administration by the Mansion House'Esquires' and whose titles include the City Marshal, Sword Bearer and Common Crier. Peter Estlin is serving as the 691st Lord Mayor, for the 2018–19 period. Of the 69 cities in the United Kingdom, the City of London is among the 30.
The Lord Mayor is entitled to the style The Right Honourable. The style, however, is used; the latter prefix applies only to Privy Counsellors. A woman who holds the office is known as a Lord Mayor; the wife of a male Lord Mayor is styled as Lady Mayoress, but no equivalent title exists for the husband of a female Lord Mayor. A female Lord Mayor or an unmarried male Lord Mayor may appoint a female consort a fellow member of the corporation, to the role of Lady Mayoress. In speech, a Lord Mayor is referred to as "My Lord Mayor", a Lady Mayoress as "My Lady Mayoress", it was once customary for Lord Mayors to be appointed knights upon taking office and baronets upon retirement, unless they held such a title. This custom was followed with a few inconsistencies from the 16th until the 19th centuries. However, from 1964 onwards, the regular creation of hereditary titles such as baronetcies was phased out, so subsequent Lord Mayors were offered knighthoods. Since 1993, Lord Mayors have not automatically received any national honour upon appointment.
Furthermore, foreign Heads of State visiting the City of London on a UK State Visit, diplomatically bestow upon the Lord Mayor one of their suitable national honours. For example, in 2001, Sir David Howard was created a Grand Cordon of the Order of Independence of Jordan by King Abdullah II. Lord Mayors have been appointed at the beginning of their term of office Knights or Dames of St John, as a mark of respect, by HM The Queen, Sovereign Head of the Order of St John; the office of Mayor was instituted in 1189, the first holder of the office being Henry Fitz-Ailwin de Londonestone. The Mayor of the City of London has been elected by the City, rather than appointed by the Sovereign since a Royal Charter providing for a Mayor was issued by King John in 1215; the title "Lord Mayor" came to be used after 1354, when it was granted to Thomas Legge by King Edward III. Lord Mayors are elected for one-year terms. Numerous individuals have served multiple terms in office, including: As Mayor: 24 terms: Henry Fitz-Ailwin de Londonestone 9 terms: Ralph de Sandwich 8 terms: Gregory de Rokesley 7 terms: Andrew Buckerel.
Sumner, New Zealand
Sumner is a coastal seaside suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand and was surveyed and named in 1849 in honour of John Bird Sumner, the newly appointed Archbishop of Canterbury and president of the Canterbury Association. A separate borough, it was amalgamated with the city of Christchurch as communications improved and the economies of scale made small town boroughs uneconomic to operate; the Māori name for the area is Ohikaparuparu. Sumner was surveyed in 1849 by Edward Jollie for Captain Joseph Thomas, the advanced agent of the Canterbury Association, his map showed 527 sections and numerous reserved and provisions for churches, cemeteries, town hall, emigration barracks and other town amenities. However, his plans were abandoned through lack of funds and a new survey on which Sumner is based was carried out in 1860. Captain Thomas named the settlement for Bishop John Bird Sumner, one of the leading members of the Canterbury Association. Sumner was at first under the control of the Canterbury Provincial Council.
The first European to carry out work in Sumner is believed to be Charles Crawford, a whaleboat owner, who transported materials from Port Cooper, now Lyttelton, under contract to build the headquarters and storeroom for Captain Thomas. Sumner was settled in late 1849 or early 1850 by work crews building the road to Lyttelton, Sumner is thus one of the oldest European settlements in the Christchurch area; the Day family was the first to settle permanently in Sumner followed by Edward Dobson and his family. In December 1854, Commander Byron Drury, in HMS Pandora, surveyed the Sumner Bay, including the bar and mouth of the Avon-Heathcote Estuary for the Canterbury Provincial Council. Drury produced a detailed chart of the area, with soundings. Commander Drury's 1854 chart locates several buildings on shore, including a store at the foot of the hill in Clifton Bay, Day's house, set well back from the foreshore on a bend in the road, as it turns away from the foot of Clifton hill, Dobson's house, shown at end of the spur at the foot of Richmond Hill.
Compared to a modern day map, the Day's house would have been near the corner at the top end of Nayland Street while Dobson's house would be near the intersection of Nayland Street and Wakefield Avenue. Sumner had its first shop early in 1870, its proprietor, S. E. Horneman, was postmaster from 1873 until 1876. In 1872, it came under the control of the Heathcote Road District; when provincial councils were disestablished in 1876 and replaced with counties, Sumner had a second parent body, the Selwyn County added to the continuing road board. In 1883, Sumner was constituted as a town district and was run by a board of five elected commissioners; the board elected its own chairmen, the two people who filled that role were C. L. Wiggins and J. M. Wheeler. On 1 June 1891, Sumner was proclaimed a borough. Mayoral elections were held on 27 June, the last chairman was elected the first Mayor of Sumner. In 1885 the Harbour Board granted the concession to build a bath at the East end of Sumner beach. S. L.
Bell enclosed some of the sea, built dressing a tea shop. The bathing pool was a great attraction but every year terrific storms would batter the bath and dump fine sand. A flood filled the bath with clay and silt from the hills causing its closure. In 1912 Sumner established its own gasworks and electricity was connected in 1918; the Anglican evangelical leader William Orange was vicar of Sumner from 1930–1945. On 22 February 2011, Sumner was hit by the Christchurch earthquake, which destroyed or made uninhabitable a large number of the local houses and commercial buildings. On 13 June the same year, Sumner was hit by another earthquake of the same magnitude as the February event; these two earthquakes caused many of Sumner's iconic cliffs to collapse, many areas to be cordoned off with both traditional fences and shipping containers. Sumner is nestled in a coastal valley separated from the adjacent city suburbs by rugged volcanic hill ridges that end in cliffs that descend to the sea shore in places.
Sumner Bay is the first bay on the northern side of Banks Peninsula and faces Pegasus Bay and the Pacific Ocean. Because of its ocean exposure, a high surf can form in some swell conditions; the beach is sloping, with fine grey sand. It is a popular surf beach for these reasons. Sand dunes have filled the river valley behind the beach; this has made housing construction easy, although flooding at the head of the valley has been a problem in the past due to the reverse slope caused by the sand dunes filling the front of the valley. This has been addressed by a flood drain; the rocky volcanic outcrop of Cave Rock dominates the beach. Until the mid-1860s, the feature was known after the surveyor Thomas Cass. There are other rocky outcrops in the area and the volcanic nature of the geology is apparent from several of the exposed cliffs around the valley. A sea wall and wide esplanade have been built along the length of the beach to prevent coastal erosion; the outlet of the Avon Heathcote Estuary at the western end of the beach, near another large volcanic outcrop known as Shag Rock, or Rapanui, forms the Sumner bar off shore of Cave Rock.
The Sumner bar presents a major hazard to shipping, while the fast currents, strong rips and undertows in the area can be a danger to swimmers. The Sumner Bar is a sand bar where the estuary is notoriously dangerous to cross. One regular vessel crossing the bar in the early days was the Mullogh, New Zealand’s first iron hulled steamer. On 25 A
Henry Sewell was a prominent 19th-century New Zealand politician. He was a notable campaigner for New Zealand self-government, is regarded as having been the country's first Premier, having led the Sewell Ministry in 1856, he served as Colonial Treasurer, as Attorney-General, twice as Minister of Justice. Sewell was born on 7 September 1807 in the town on England's Isle of Wight, his family was wealthy, Sewell received a good education. He qualified as a lawyer. In 1840, Sewell's father lost a staggering sum of money when a bank failed, died shortly afterwards, leaving the family with a great deal of debt; this put considerable strain on Sewell. In 1844, Sewell suffered from the untimely death of his wife Lucinda, he put his sister in charge of his children and his mother and moved to London for better opportunities. Sewell remarried on 23 January 1850, made plans to emigrate with his new wife Elizabeth Kittoe to New Zealand, hoping for improved financial prospects in the colony. Sewell's connection to New Zealand arose through the Canterbury Association, a British organisation dedicated to the colonisation of the New Zealand region known as Canterbury.
It is probable that John Simeon introduced Sewell to the Association, he interacted with John's brother Charles. Until Sewell's departure for New Zealand, he was the Association's deputy director, contributed to its activities; the Association's plan for colonisation encountered a number of serious problems and considerable debts were incurred. Sewell was instrumental in solving these problems. Sewell arrived in Lyttelton, the port of Christchurch on 2 February 1853, hoping to sort out what remained of the colony's problems, and despite conflict with provincial superintendent James FitzGerald, Sewell managed to get the colony back onto a reasonable course. Charles Simeon and family lived in Canterbury from October 1851 to December 1855, they were the only people who Sewell and his wife socialised with. Sewell's diary, published in 1980 as the Sewell Journal in two volumes, gives a unique insight into his life in the colony; the journal's editor, historian W. David McIntyre, calls it "the most absorbing and undoubtedly the fullest private manuscript relating to New Zealand in the 1850s".
In late July 1853, Sewell decided. There was one position to be filled in the town electorate, two in the rural electorate. Sewell sought counsel from some friends, who recommended for him to stand in the rural electorate, but he did not want to oppose Guise Brittan, who had declared his candidacy. Whilst Brittan was unpopular with the constituency, Sewell thought that it would be useful to have him in Parliament; the complication with the town electorate was that John Charles Watts-Russell had received a pledge from the majority of that constituency, but there were rumours that he would not stand, it was known that he was just about to go travelling during the time of the election campaign. Sewell talked to Brittan, who supported him standing in the town electorate, Brittan pledged that he would get his brother-in-law, Charles Fooks, to canvas for him. Sewell first advertised his candidacy in the Lyttelton Times on 30 July. In the same edition of the newspaper, James Stuart-Wortley and Guise Brittan advertised their candidacy for the Christchurch Country electorate.
Jerningham Wakefield reiterated his candidacy for the Christchurch Country electorate in early August upon his return from Wellington. At the same time, Fooks announced his candidacy for the Town of Christchurch electorate. With James FitzGerald, who had just been elected the first Superintendent of the Canterbury Province in support of Watts-Russell, Sewell decided to withdraw from the contest, but decided to go ahead with a public meeting to'speak his mind'. On 4 August, he held a meeting at the Golden Fleece, a hotel on the corner of Colombo and Armagh Streets, addressed between 30 and 40 electors, he discussed all the issues that Parliament should deal with, but finished by saying that he would not be available as a candidate, as Watts-Russell had been pledged the support of the constituency. After an awkward period of silence, Richard Packer stood up and replied: We are in an awkward position. Here was a Gentleman who told all sorts of things which a Representative ought to attend to and declined standing himself, because of another Candidate whose intentions no one knew anything about—and, just on the point of starting for an excursion without giving any one an opportunity of learning his sentiments about anything.
The meeting expressed dissatisfaction with Watts-Russell and that they would not hold themselves bound to support him. FitzGerald was not well received. Fooks spoke, but to attack Sewell; the following day, Sewell met with FitzGerald and discussed that either himself or Watts-Russell should retire from the contest, but that if he himself was to retire Watts-Russell or at least some of his friends should inform the constituency about his intentions. FitzGerald's impression was; that day, Watts-Russell wrote an announcement that he would retire from the contest, published in the Lyttelton Times on 13 August. On 9 August, the Colonists' Society hel
Freshford is a village and civil parish in the Avon valley 6 miles south-east of Bath, in the county of Somerset, England. The parish has a population of 551, it is in the Cotswolds Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, within the Green Belt and is in a conservation area. The village of Freshford includes the smaller hamlets of Friary, Park Corner and Staples Hill, which are separated from the village centre by a few hundred metres of open fields; the village history goes back to Saxon times and it expanded with the growth of local industry but is now residential. The village has existed since Saxon times, existed before the land at Fersceforde was given to Bath Abbey after the Norman Conquest. A mill existed here as early as 1086 and there are still remains of one built in the 1540s. Freshford was part of the hundred of Bath Forum. Freshford Bridge over the River Frome dates from the early to mid 16th century. In the 19th century freestone and fuller's earth were mined in the parish and employment included the manufacture of cloth, operation of malt-kilns and fulling-mills.
The importance of weaving can be seen at the now derelict site of Freshford Mill, the numerous weavers' cottages in the village. Dunkirk Mill, built in 1795 for Thomas Joyce, is now a residential property located just over the parish boundary in Hinton Charterhouse; the war memorial in the village commemorates the 17 men from the village who died in World War I and four from World War II. The village is notable in that the houses have names instead of numbers, as was noted in the Ealing comedy The Titfield Thunderbolt, filmed locally in 1952 and where Freshford village served as the set for the idyllic English village under threat; the railway scenes were filmed on the Camerton branch line of the Bristol and North Somerset Railway. Passenger services started in 1910 and were suspended for the First World War in 1915. Freight services of coal, on the branch line ceased in 1951; the line achieved some fame after closure by its use in the 1952 film, but the track was taken up in 1958. The cricket scene was filmed near the former Viaduct Hotel at Limpley Stoke.
Cricket is still played on this pitch, part of, used by the local school. Freshford shares its parish council with the surrounding hamlets; the parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime and traffic; the parish council's role includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, such as the village hall or community centre, playing fields and playgrounds, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance and improvement of highways, footpaths, public transport, street cleaning. Conservation matters and environmental issues are of interest to the council; the village is part of the ward of Bathavon South in the unitary authority of Bath and North East Somerset.
The ward is represented by Councillor Neil Butters, a member of the Liberal Democrats. Bath and North East Somerset was created in 1996, as established by the Local Government Act 1992, its area covers part of the ceremonial county of Somerset but it is administered independently of the non-metropolitan county. The authority's administrative headquarters are in Bath. Between 1 April 1974 and 1 April 1996, it was the Wansdyke district and the City of Bath of the county of Avon, with Freshford lying in Wansdyke. Before 1974 the parish was part of the Bathavon Rural District, it is part of the North East Somerset parliamentary constituency, part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament. The village is in the valley of the River Avon close to the point at which it is joined by the River Frome; the Kennet and Avon Canal is visible across the Avon valley from the village, but the nearest crossings of the Avon are at Avoncliff and Limpley Stoke. Freshford's village centre is a conservation area, created in 1975 and extended in April 2007, designated under the provisions of Section 69 of the Planning Act 1990.
A significant number of local residents work from home using the internet. The village has a long-standing tradition of attracting "retired people of status", it is a dormitory town for people working in Bath and Bristol. Most of the buildings and boundary walls are built from the local oolitic limestone; the 19th-century brewery and attached cottages are now a private residence. The tall ashlar chimney has a tapered octagonal shaft with moulded cap and provides an obvious landmark around the village. Freshford Manor is an 18th-century manor house, it was built on the site of an earlier house known as Pittes Place which dated from before 1603. The local pub is called The Inn, sits beside the River Frome, a tributary of the River Avon; the Inn is noted for its regular offering of music including jazz every Thursday night. Every third Monday musicians and amateur alike, are welcome to come and play; the Freshford Mill site comprises a mixture of buildings the oldest of which, the mill owner's house, dates back to the 17th century.
There are three major blocks from the late 18th/early 19th centuries, all in natural stone and clay tile or slate, three more modern buildings from the 1950s and 1980s. The site features a mill channel with an internal whee