Indonesia national football team
The Indonesia national football team is an association football team that represents Indonesia. The team is controlled by the Football Association of Indonesia and is a member of the Asian Football Confederation. Prior to the declaration of independence in 1945, the team competed as the Dutch East Indies national football team. Under this name, Indonesia was the first Asian team to participate in the FIFA World Cup, at which time the team qualified for the 1938 FIFA World Cup tournament in France; the Indonesian team was eliminated by the Hungary national team in the first round and has not qualified for the World Cup since this defeat. The team's only Olympics appearance was in the 1956 Games in Melbourne, where they held the Soviet Union national team, the eventual gold medalists, to a goalless draw, but lost 0–4 in the replay match. Indonesian national team qualified for the AFC Asian Cup on four occasions, but have never progressed beyond the group stage. Indonesia's best performance in Asia was at the 1958 Asian Games in Tokyo, when it achieved the bronze medal.
The team has reached the AFF Championship final ties on five occasions, but has never won the tournament. Their local rivals are Malaysia and Singapore; the early matches, involving sides from the Dutch East Indies, were organised by the Nederlandsch Indische Voetbal Bond, or its successor, the Nederlandsch Indische Voetbal Unie. The matches that were run prior to the nation's independence in 1945 are not recognised by the PSSI; the first recorded football match that involved a team from the Dutch East Indies was a contest against a Singapore national team on 28 March 1921. The match was played in Batavia and Indonesia won with a final score of 1–0; this was followed by matches against an Australian XI in August 1928 and a team from Shanghai two years later. In 1934, a team from Java represented the Dutch East Indies in the Far Eastern Games, played in Manila, Philippines. Despite defeating the Japan national team, 7–1, in its first match, the next two matches ended in defeats resulting in a second-place tournament finish for the Java national team.
Although not recognised by PSSI, these matches are treated by the World Football Elo ratings as the first matches involving the Indonesian national side. The Dutch East Indies were the first Asian team to participate in the FIFA World Cup, when the team qualified for the 1938 tournament after its opponent, withdrew from the qualification heats; the 6–0 loss to eventual finalists, the Hungary football team, in the first round of the tournament in Reims, remains the nation's only appearance in the World Cup. This team is the only team in FIFA World Cup history who played only one match in all competitions, while all other teams played three matches at least. After the Second World War, followed by the Indonesian National Revolution, the highlight of the football history of independent Indonesia occurred at the 1956 Olympics in Melbourne, Australia; the team forced the Soviet Union national football team to a nil-all draw, but lost 0–4 in the replay match, The Soviet Union was successful in attaining the gold medal.
This remains the country's only appearance in the Olympics. In 1958, the team tasted its first World Cup action as Indonesia in the qualifying rounds; the team defeated China in the first round, but subsequently refused to play its next opponents, the Israel national team, for political reasons. The team subsequently suffered a ban from the FIFA World Cup that lasted from 1958 to 1970 resulting from its political situation. Shortly after, the Indonesian team won the bronze medal at the 1958 Asian Games in Japan. Indonesia beat 4 -- 1, in the third-place match; the team drew, 2–2, with the East Germany national team in a friendly match. During this period, the Indonesian team lifted the Merdeka Tournament trophy in victory in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on three occasions. Indonesia were champions of the 1968 King's Cup in Bangkok, Thailand. Indonesia returned to World Cup qualification competition in 1974. During the 1978 qualification heats, the Indonesian team only won a single match, out of four matches, against host team, Singapore.
Four years in 1982, Indonesia recorded two victories in qualifying matches, against the Chinese Taipei national team and the Australia national team. The 1986 FIFA World Cup qualification round saw a better performance for Indonesia, as the nation's team advanced from the first round with four wins, one draw and one loss finishing at the top of its group. However, the South Korean national team emerged victorious over the Indonesians in the second round; the team reached the semi-final of the 1986 Asian Games after beating the United Arab Emirates national team in the quarter-finals. The Indonesian team lost to the Kuwait national football team, 5–0, in the bronze medal match. A milestone during this era was the gold medal victory at the Southeast Asian Games in both 1987 and 1991. In 1987, the Indonesians beat the Malaysian national football team, 1–0. In the 1990 qualification, the Indonesian team lost in the first round, with only one win against Hong Kong, three draws and two defeats. The
Fiji national football team
The Fiji national football team is Fiji's national men's team and is controlled by the governing body of football in Fiji, the Fiji Football Association. The team plays most of their home games at the ANZ National Stadium in Suva. Fiji first participated in FIFA World Cup qualification in 1982, their best result was a final round appearance in 2010. The national team represents Fiji at the OFC Nations Cup having appeared in eight out of ten previous tournaments. Fiji's best result is a third-place finish at the 2008 editions, they have won the Melanesia Cup five times and competed in the Pacific Games from 1963 until 2015 when the competition became an under-23 tournament. Fiji's first international football game was against a New Zealand side, touring Oceania and had played four games against New Caledonia; the international, which took place on 7 October 1951, saw New Zealand getting the win 6–4. Jock Newall got a hat-trick for New Zealand. New Zealand returned the following year, with Fiji losing all three games, including a 9–0 drubbing in the second match.
After being absent from the international game for eleven years, the Fiji Football Association joined FIFA in 1963. That same year, the national team entered the first edition of the South Pacific Games, held in Fiji. In that tournament, the country appeared in its first gold medal match after defeating Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, but lost the match to New Caledonia 8–2. Marc-Kanyan Case scored four goals for Fiji was relegated to silver. After missing 1966, the team's next tournament appearance was in the 1969 Games held in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, they finished in fourth place out of six teams after losing to Papua New Guinea in the bronze medal playoff. Two years Fiji finished at the bottom of Group two with losses against New Caledonia and New Hebrides, they would, defeat the Cook Islands in the fifth place play-off. As a member of the Oceania Football Confederation, Fiji played in the first edition of the OFC Nations Cup held in New Zealand in 1973, they did not win a match in the four games they played during the tournament.
Competing at the 1975 South Pacific Games the national team, under coach Sashi Mahendra Singh, made the semi-finals of the competition where they lost to Tahiti. In the third-place playoff, they lost to the Solomon Islands by a goal. After John Lal became the new coach for Fiji in 1977, his first match as coach was an unofficial game against Taiwan which ended in a two-all draw before taking on Australia who played Taiwan because of the soccer ban in the country. On 19 March 1977, they took on Australia at Buckhurst Park. Seven national players from Ba F. C. were unavailable due to a planned tour of New Zealand. After holding off the Australians for the first forty-five minutes, Jimmy Okete scored the only goal of the game; this was a shock to the locals since the team struggled in the two tours to Australia in 1961 and 1968 against the state teams. Under the orders of new coach, Moti Musadilal, they played some pre-tournament friendlies against New Zealand conceding nine goals in the two games before competing at the 1979 South Pacific Games in Suva.
After getting a nil all draw against Papua New Guinea, they scored their biggest win against Kiribati winning by twenty-four goals. After defeating Wallis and Futuna in the quarter-finals and Solomon Islands in the semis, they made it to their second Pacific Games final against Tahiti. In front of over twenty thousand people, Fiji came up short again with Errol Bennett scoring a double to give Tahiti the gold medal. Fiji's next tournament was the 1980 OFC Nations Cup where they were grouped with New Zealand, Solomon Islands and Tahiti. After defeating the Solomon Islands in the opening game, they were expected to lose against New Zealand who were the favourites to win the group. On 27 February 1980, they became the first Fijian team to defeat a New Zealand team with Dewan Chand and Meli Vuilabasa both scoring two goals in the victory. Fiji did not make it to the final, they lost first to Tahiti 6–3, lost the third-place playoff to New Caledonia 2–1, in what was the last Oceania Cup for sixteen years.
The following year saw a new coach with former New Zealand coach Wally Hughes leading the team into their first World Cup qualifiers. After opening with a four-goal defeat against New Zealand, they drew with Indonesia nil-all, before defeating Chinese Taipei 2–1 to be in third place with three points. For Fiji that momentum was short-lived, they finished at the bottom of the group after conceding twenty-three goals in the final two games against Australia and New Zealand. Hughes resigned after the Australian game stating, "I wouldn't wish on any coach what I have been through," suggesting that bribery was involved in the defeat to Australia. After two years absence from international football, the national team, under Rudi Gutendorf, competed at the 1983 South Pacific Games in Samoa. After finishing top of the group that featured New Caledonia, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu, they defeated Papua New Guinea 2–0 in the quarter-finals before knocking off New Caledonia in the semi-final. In the final, they lost to Tahiti by a single goal, contested by the players who attacked the referee and linesmen.
Another similar incident in a friendly against New Zealand happened the following year. This led to a one-year ban of international matches being held at Fiji. Fiji's next tournament was the 1988 Melanesia Cup held in the Solomon Islands; the national team won the final against the Solomon Islands 3–1 to claim their first title. In that year, they competed in the first round of the 1990 FIFA World Cup qualification against Australia, with the motivation of five hundred Fijian
New Zealand is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, the South Island —and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 2,000 kilometres east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and 1,000 kilometres south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia and Tonga; because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal and plant life; the country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington. Sometime between 1250 and 1300, Polynesians settled in the islands that were named New Zealand and developed a distinctive Māori culture. In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to sight New Zealand. In 1840, representatives of the United Kingdom and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands.
In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a dominion. Today, the majority of New Zealand's population of 4.9 million is of European descent. Reflecting this, New Zealand's culture is derived from Māori and early British settlers, with recent broadening arising from increased immigration; the official languages are English, Māori, NZ Sign Language, with English being dominant. A developed country, New Zealand ranks in international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic freedom. New Zealand underwent major economic changes during the 1980s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trade economy; the service sector dominates the national economy, followed by the industrial sector, agriculture. Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the prime minister Jacinda Ardern.
Queen Elizabeth II is the country's monarch and is represented by a governor-general Dame Patsy Reddy. In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes; the Realm of New Zealand includes Tokelau. New Zealand is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, ASEAN Plus Six, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Pacific Community and the Pacific Islands Forum. Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sighted New Zealand in 1642 and named it Staten Land "in honour of the States General", he wrote, "it is possible that this land joins to the Staten Land but it is uncertain", referring to a landmass of the same name at the southern tip of South America, discovered by Jacob Le Maire in 1616. In 1645, Dutch cartographers renamed the land Nova Zeelandia after the Dutch province of Zeeland. British explorer James Cook subsequently anglicised the name to New Zealand. Aotearoa is the current Māori name for New Zealand.
It is unknown whether Māori had a name for the whole country before the arrival of Europeans, with Aotearoa referring to just the North Island. Māori had several traditional names for the two main islands, including Te Ika-a-Māui for the North Island and Te Waipounamu or Te Waka o Aoraki for the South Island. Early European maps labelled the islands North and South. In 1830, maps began to use North and South to distinguish the two largest islands and by 1907 this was the accepted norm; the New Zealand Geographic Board discovered in 2009 that the names of the North Island and South Island had never been formalised, names and alternative names were formalised in 2013. This set the names as North Island or Te Ika-a-Māui, South Island or Te Waipounamu. For each island, either its English or Māori name can be used. New Zealand was one of the last major landmasses settled by humans. Radiocarbon dating, evidence of deforestation and mitochondrial DNA variability within Māori populations suggest New Zealand was first settled by Eastern Polynesians between 1250 and 1300, concluding a long series of voyages through the southern Pacific islands.
Over the centuries that followed, these settlers developed a distinct culture now known as Māori. The population was divided into iwi and hapū who would sometimes cooperate, sometimes compete and sometimes fight against each other. At some point a group of Māori migrated to Rēkohu, now known as the Chatham Islands, where they developed their distinct Moriori culture; the Moriori population was all but wiped out between 1835 and 1862 because of Taranaki Māori invasion and enslavement in the 1830s, although European diseases contributed. In 1862 only 101 survived, the last known full-blooded Moriori died in 1933; the first Europeans known to have reached New Zeala
A midfielder is an association football position. Midfielders are positioned on the field between their team's defenders and forwards; some midfielders play a disciplined defensive role, breaking up attacks, are otherwise known as defensive midfielders. Others blur the boundaries, being more mobile and efficient in passing: they are referred to as deep-lying midfielders, play-makers, box-to-box, or holding midfielders; the number of midfielders on a team and their assigned roles depends on the team's formation. Most managers assign at least one midfielder to disrupt the opposing team's attacks, while others may be tasked with creating goals, or have equal responsibilities between attack and defence. Midfielders are the players who travel the greatest distance during a match; because midfielders arguably have the most possession during a game they are among the fittest players on the pitch. Central or centre midfielders are players whose role is divided equally between attack and defence and to dominate the play around the centre of the pitch.
These players will try to pass the ball to the team's attacking midfielders and forwards and may help their team's attacks by making runs into the opposition's penalty area and attempting shots on goal themselves. When the opposing team has the ball, a central midfielder may drop back to protect the goal or move forward and press the opposition ball-carrier to recover the ball. A centre midfielder defending their goal will move in front of their centre-backs in order to block long shots by the opposition and track opposition midfielders making runs towards the goal; the 4–3–3 and 4–5–1 formations each use three central midfielders. The 4−4−2 formation may use two central midfielders, in the 4–2–3–1 formation one of the two deeper midfielders may be a central midfielder; the term box-to-box midfielder refers to central midfielders who are hard-working and who have good all-round abilities, which makes them skilled at both defending and attacking. These players can therefore track back to their own box to make tackles and block shots and run to the opponents' box to try to score.
The change of trends and the deviation from the standard 4–4–2 formation to the 4–2–3–1 formation imposed restrictions on the typical box-to-box midfielders of the 80s, as teams' two midfield roles were now divided into "holders" or "creators". Notable examples of box-to-box midfielders are Bastian Schweinsteiger, Yaya Touré, Radja Nainggolan. Left and right midfielders have a role balanced between attack and defence, similar to that of central midfielders, but they are positioned closer to the touchlines of the pitch, they may be asked to cross the ball into the opponents' penalty area to make scoring chances for their teammates, when defending they may put pressure on opponents who are trying to cross. Common modern formations that include left and right midfielders are the 4−4−2, the 4−4−1−1, the 4–2–3–1 and the 4−5−1 formations. Jonathan Wilson describes the development of the 4−4−2 formation: "…the winger became a wide midfielder, a shuttler, somebody who might be expected to cross a ball but was meant to put in a defensive shift."
Notable examples of wide midfielders are Ryan Giggs. The historic position of wing-half was given to midfielders, it became obsolete as wide players with defensive duties have tended to become more a part of the defence as full-backs. Defensive midfielders are midfield players; these players may defend a zone in front of their team's defence, or man mark specific opposition attackers. Defensive midfielders may move to the full-back or centre-back positions if those players move forward to join in an attack. Sergio Busquets described his attitude: "The coach knows that I am an obedient player who likes to help out and if I have to run to the wing to cover someone's position, great." A good defensive midfielder needs good positional awareness, anticipation of opponent's play, tackling, interceptions and great stamina and strength. A holding or deep-lying midfielder stays close to their team's defence, while other midfielders may move forward to attack; the holding midfielder may have responsibilities when their team has the ball.
This player will make short and simple passes to more attacking members of their team but may try some more difficult passes depending on the team's strategy. Marcelo Bielsa is considered as a pioneer for the use of a holding midfielder in defence; this position may be seen in the 4 -- 2 -- 3 -- 4 -- 4 -- 2 diamond formations. A defensive midfielder, or "destroyer", a playmaker, or "creator", were fielded alongside each other as a team's two holding central midfielders; the destroyer was responsible for making tackles, regaining possession, distributing the ball to the creator, while the creator was responsible for retaining possession and keeping the ball moving with long passes out to the flanks, in the manner of a more old-fashioned deep-lying playmaker or "regista". Early examples of a destroyer are Nobby Stiles, Herbert Wimmer, Marco Tardelli, while examples include Claude Makélélé and Javier Mascherano, although several of these players possessed qualities of other types of midfielders, were therefore not confined to a single role.
Early examples of a creator would be Gérson, Glenn Hoddle, Sunday Oliseh, while more recent examples Xabi Alonso, Michael Carrick. The latest and third type of holding midfielder developed as a box-to-box midfielder, or "carrier", neither destructive nor creative, capable of winning b
Mosgiel is an urban satellite of Dunedin in Otago, New Zealand, fifteen kilometres west of the city's centre. Since the re-organisation of New Zealand local government in 1989 it has been inside the Dunedin City Council area, but was physically separate from the contiguous suburbs until developments in the neighbouring suburb of Fairfield joined it to the city. Mosgiel has a population of 10,700; the town celebrates its location, calling itself "The pearl of the plain". Its low-lying nature does pose problems. Mosgiel takes its name from Mossgiel Farm, the farm of the poet Robert Burns, the uncle of the co-founder in 1848 of the Otago settlement, the Reverend Thomas Burns. Mosgiel stands at the north-eastern extremity of the Taieri Plains; the Silver Stream, a tributary of the Taieri River, runs through its north end. Between Mosgiel and the centre of Dunedin stand the rugged Three Mile Hill and Scroggs Hill, which form part of the crater-wall of a long-extinct volcano, the crater being the Otago Harbour.
To the south of the town lies one of the many peaks that formed part of the volcano: Saddle Hill, a prominent landmark, visible from a considerable distance and notable for its distinctive shape, lies east of State Highway One where Kinmont Park, a new housing subdivision is located at the foot of the hill. The Dunedin Southern Motorway, upgraded in 2003, links Mosgiel with the centre of Dunedin. State Highway 87 to Kyeburn starts at a junction with State Highway 1 at the southeastern edge of Mosgiel, the first part of the highway being the main street of Mosgiel, Gordon Road; the site of Mosgiel figures in Māori legend, but surrounding features of the Taieri Plain and adjacent hills have older mythical associations. Of the canoes of South Island migratory legend the fourth and fifth and Arai Te Uru, are mentioned in connection with the area. Maungatua, the large hill to the west of the plain, represents a huge wave which struck the Takitimu, throwing overboard Aonui, who became a pillar on the Tokomairaro Beach.
Another account makes Aonui a female survivor of the wreck of the Arai Te Uru, built by Kahui Tipua, who had arrived earlier but sent this vessel to the Polynesian homeland Hawaiki to get kumara. On its return the canoe suffered shipwreck at Shag Point in North Otago, but its survivors quested about the land in search of supplies. If they failed to get back before dawn they turned into natural landscape-features, this fate befell Aonui; these ancient traditions suggest that some of the earliest Polynesian settlers in the south knew the Taieri Plain. W. R. Kirk repeated the story of a taniwha, the "familiar spirit or guardian of Te Rakitaounere a famous chief and warrior" who lost his master about the Dunedin hills, slithered down the Silverstream,'Whaka-ehu', and'lay down and left a hollow Te Konika o te Matamata' on the site of Mosgiel; the taniwha wriggled down the Taieri, making its tortuous course, when he died became the seaboard hills, including Saddle Hill. This story has associations of the late 17th or early 18th century.
According to tradition this period saw the occupation of the kaik near modern Henley – called Tai-ari like the river – and on the hill above it a pa, or fortified settlement, called Omoua. Tukiauau built a pa called Whakaraupuka on the west side of Lake Waihola and his rival, came down from Lake Wakatipu and built one at Taieri Mouth on the coast. Māori soon abandoned Whakaraupuka. In February 1770 Captain James Cook described the saddle-shaped hill which became known as Saddle Hill, the landmark east of Mosgiel; the Weller brothers of the Otago whaling station on Otago Harbour sent a Mr. Dalziel to inspect the Taieri Plain for a proposed Scottish settlement in 1839, but he gave an unfavourable report. In 1844 Edward Shortland noticed Māori running pigs on the landward slopes of Saddle Hill orMakamaka. Charles Kettle surveyed the plain and coastal hills for the Otago Association in 1846 and 1847, he climbed the westward hills and saw the raised land beyond, the nearest approach of the Central Otago plateau to the sea, which he identified as fine pastoral country.
Following the arrival of the Association's settlers at Dunedin in 1848, a Scots shepherd, brought his wife and dogs along the Māori track from Kaikorai Valley and settled on Saddle Hill in a whare in 1849, establishing the first European farmstead in the district. In the same year the Reverend Thomas Burns, spiritual leader of the Association's settlement, selected the land which would become Mosgiel. In the mid-1850s Arthur John Burns, a son of Thomas Burns, settled on some of the land. A large stand of native bush stood nearby; the richness of the land and the proximity of the main south road, more or less following the route of an old Māori track, led to early close rural settlement. The 1861 Otago gold rush saw the development of a road – leading west to the interior – which intersected the site. Arthur John Burns's establishment of the Mosgiel Woollen Company and mill in 1871 brought the settlement of workers in cottages. 1875 saw the north-south road paralleled by a railway, with a branch to the west constructed in 1877.
The authorities declared the Mosgiel Town District in 1882 and constituted a Borough Council in 1885. The town became the most substantial in the district; the surrounding plain became a sort of Home County to Dunedin, a place of prosperous farms and of the large houses of successful businessmen with rural tastes
Mosgiel AFC is a semi-professional association football club in Mosgiel, New Zealand. They compete in the ODT FootballSouth Premier League; the club is based at Memorial Park. The club provides teams for men and juniors at all levels; the club's nickname, The Plainsmen, comes from Mosgiel's location on the Taieri Plains. Mosgiel have twice reached the final of the Chatham Cup, in 1938 and 1940, but have never won the competition. In more recent times their best performance has been to reach the last 16 of the competition in 1985 and 2005; the club is competing in the ODT FootballSouth Premier League. Their best finish in the league was in the 2004 and again in the 2010 season, when they finished third. Former captain, Morgan Day, holds the dubious honour of "Most appearances since debut without scoring in the ASB Premiership" but has since scored in every game played since 28 February 2016. Notable Mosgiel players include Michael McGarry, Jesse Wright, Michael Pinn, Cody Brook, Cameron Howieson.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. MosgielAFC Soccer Club Website MosgielAFC Soccer Club Forums New Zealand 2004/05 Season Results Mosgiel 2006 Season Results Footballsouth Mosgiel page
Otago Daily Times
The Otago Daily Times is a newspaper published by Allied Press Ltd in Dunedin, New Zealand. Styled The Otago Daily Times, the ODT was first published on 15 November 1861, it is New Zealand's oldest surviving daily newspaper - Christchurch's The Press, six months older, was a weekly paper for its first few years. The first issue ran to 2750 copies, was sold for threepence; the ODT was founded by W. H. Cutten and Julius Vogel during the boom following the discovery of gold at the Tuapeka, the first of the Otago goldrushes. Cutten was the publisher of a weekly newspaper, the Otago Witness, founded in 1851, the strong political views of co-founder Vogel saw an outlet in the ODT's pages, notably for advocacy of provincial government, its first chief reporter was Edward Thomas Gillon. The ODT was published from premises in Princes Street, but moved to a new building at the corner of Dowling and Burlington Streets at the foot of Bell Hill in 1879, it stayed here until 1928 when it moved into larger premises on the other side of Burlington Street facing Queen's Gardens, where they stayed until 1977.
From the start, the ODT held a strong position among South Island newspapers. Most of its Dunedin opposition papers were short lived, with only the Evening Star surviving beyond the early 1900s; the Star merged with the ODT in 1975 forming a new company, Allied Press, the ODT moved to the Evening Star Building in Stuart Street in June 1977. The Evening Star ceased publication in November 1979; as a result, the Allied Press, now publishes the ODT and several smaller papers throughout New Zealand, including the Greymouth Star. On 5 January 1998 the ODT published for the first time on a new Goss International printing press; the ODT is regarded as the father-figure of the country's four main daily newspapers, serving the southern South Island with a circulation of around 43,000 and an estimated readership of 110,000. 1861 - 15 November: first edition 1881 - price dropped to one penny 1898 - first linotype machines installed 1900 - first photoengraving plant installed 1949 - first full-time cartoonist employed 1952 - November: the ODT became the first New Zealand metropolitan paper to print news rather than classified advertisements on the front page 1955 - new general printing department inaugurated 1956 - wire photographic equipment installed 1961 - new enlarged format 1966 - first full colour gravure preprinting 1978 - 13 and 20 October: no edition due to journalists' strike.
Sid Scales was a cartoonist for the ODT for 30 years until his retirement in 1981. Since Queenstown artist Garrick Tremain has been the principal cartoonist; the editor is Barry Stewart, who took over from long-serving editor Murray Kirkness in August, 2015. 1861–68 Sir Julius Vogel 1868–71 George Burnett Barton 1871–77 William Murison 1877–78 George M Reed 1878–83 James Ashcroft 1883–90 Richard Twopeny 1890–1909 Sir George Fenwick 1909–46 Sir James Hutchinson 1946–61 John Rowley Moffet 1961–76 Allan Aubin 1976–88 Keith Eunson 1988–97 Geoff Adams 1997–2007 Robin Charteris 2007–2015 Murray Kirkness 2015-Barry Stewart The Otago Daily Times is delivered with the following regular inserted tabloid supplements: World Focus Queenstown Times Sport and U-Bet The following sister publications of the ODT are weekly free newspapers: The News, Alexandra The Star The Courier The Ensign Southern Rural Life region-wide farming paper Southland Express The Courier The Oamaru Mail Montain Scene Clutha Leader Otago Daily Times official newspaper website Allied Press official website of the publisher National Library of New Zealand Online Newspaper Archive Early history of the Otago Daily Times from the "Cyclopedia of New Zealand"