Michael R. Bromwich

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Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar swears in Michael Bromwich as the new Director of the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation, and Enforcement on June 21, 2010 as Betsy Hildebrandt, DOI Communications Director holds the Bible

Michael R. Bromwich (born December 19, 1953) is a litigation attorney who was designated by President Barack Obama on June 15, 2010, to be the first director of the newly created Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement, which replaces the Minerals Management Service[1] in the wake of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.


Bromwich graduated summa cum laude from Harvard College in 1976. He subsequently received a master’s degree in public policy from John F. Kennedy School of Government, as well as a law degree from Harvard Law School in 1980.[1]


Bromwich was a federal prosecutor in the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York and served as associate counsel in the Office of Independent Counsel for Iran-Contra. Bromwich was one of three lawyers for the government in the case of United States v. Oliver L. North.[1]

He was an Inspector General for the Department of Justice from 1994 to 1999. He headed an investigation into the FBI laboratory; the investigation into the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103; the FBI's conduct regarding Aldrich Ames; the handling of classified information by the FBI and the Department of Justice in the campaign finance investigation; the alleged deception of a congressional delegation by high-ranking officials of the Immigration and Naturalization Service; and the Justice Department's role in the CIA crack cocaine controversy.[1][2]

In 1999, he joined Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson.[2] He joined the New York office of Fried Frank, where he headed the firm's internal investigations, compliance and monitoring practice group .[1][2]

In 2002, he served as an independent monitor for the Metropolitan Police Department of the District of Columbia.[1]

In 2005, he was appointed by the Houston Police Department to investigate its crime lab.


In 2013, he was appointed by Judge Denise Cote to serve as Apple's antitrust compliance monitor in United States v. Apple Inc..[3] The opening months of his investigation were characterized by Apple's complaints that he was "conducting a roving investigation that is interfering with Apple’s business operations"[4] and Bromwich's complaints that Apple was preventing him from speaking to most of the Apple executives he wished to interview.[5] The Wall Street Journal has criticized Bromwich for his efforts to charge exorbitant fees as Apple's monitor, and for wandering outside of the bounds of his mandate by the Court, as well as his personal friendship with Judge Cote, the judge that selected and assigned Bromwich.[6]