All Dogs Go to Heaven
All Dogs Go to Heaven is a 1989 animated musical fantasy directed and produced by Don Bluth, released by United Artists and Goldcrest Films. It tells the story of Charlie B. Barkin, a German Shepherd, murdered by his former friend, but withdraws from his place in Heaven to return to Earth, where his best friend, Itchy Itchiford still lives, they team up with a young orphan girl named Anne-Marie, who teaches them an important lesson about kindness and love; the film is an Irish and American venture, produced by Sullivan Bluth Studios Ireland Ltd. and Goldcrest Films. On its cinema release, it competed directly with Walt Disney Feature Animation's The Little Mermaid, released on the same day. While it did not repeat the box-office success of Sullivan Bluth's previous feature films, An American Tail, The Land Before Time, it was successful on home video, becoming one of the biggest-selling VHS releases ever, it inspired a theatrical sequel, a television series, a holiday direct-to-video film. All Dogs Go to Heaven was released on DVD on November 17, 1998, as an MGM Kids edition on March 6, 2001.
It had a DVD double-feature release with its sequel on March 14, 2006, January 18, 2011. The film was released in high definition for the first time on Blu-ray on March 29, 2011, without special features except the original theatrical trailer. In 1939 New Orleans, Charlie B. Barkin and his best friend Itchy Itchiford escape from the dog pound and return to their casino riverboat on the bayou run by Charlie himself and his business partner, Carface Caruthers. Refusing to share the profits with Charlie, Carface had been responsible for Charlie and Itchy getting committed at the pound and persuades Charlie to leave town with 50% of the casino's earnings. Charlie agrees, but is intoxicated and killed by Carface by getting run over by a car, he is sent to Heaven despite never doing any good deeds in his life, where he meets a whippet angel, who tells him that a gold watch representing his life has stopped. He steals the watch and winds it back, returning to Earth, but is told that when the watch stops again, he will not return to Heaven and will end up in Hell instead.
After reuniting with Itchy, they discover that Carface has kidnapped a young orphaned girl named Anne-Marie, who has the ability to talk to animals and gain knowledge of a race's results beforehand, allowing Carface to rig the odds on the rat races in his favor. They rescue her, intending to use her abilities to get revenge on Carface, though Charlie tells her that they plan to give their winnings to the poor and help her find some parents; the next day at the race track, Charlie steals a wallet from a couple as they talk to Anne-Marie and become alarmed by her unwashed appearance. Charlie and Itchy use their winnings to build a successful casino in the junkyard. Anne-Marie, upon discovering that she had been used, threatens to leave. To persuade her to stay, Charlie brings pizza to a family of poor puppies and their mother, Flo, at the old abandoned church. While there, Anne-Marie becomes upset at Charlie for stealing the wallet, she wishes to live with the couple in the future. After a nightmare in which he is sent to Hell for eternity, Charlie wakes up in the room, only to find Anne-Marie gone.
The couple and Harold that she met, welcome Anne-Marie into their home. While they discuss adopting her, Charlie arrives and tricks her into leaving with him. Walking home, Charlie is shot by Carface and Killer, but finds that he is unable to be harmed as long as he is wearing the watch, rendering him immortal until it stops running. Anne-Marie and Charlie hide in an abandoned building, but the ground breaks and they fall into the lair of King Gator, an effeminate oversized alligator, he and Charlie strike a chord as kindred spirits and he lets them go, but Anne-Marie starts falling ill with pneumonia. After beating up Itchy and his thugs destroy Charlie and Itchy's casino. Itchy berates Charlie, who seems to care more about Anne-Marie than him. Charlie angrily declares that he is using her and will "dump her in an orphanage". Anne-Marie overhears the conversation and tearfully runs away before she is kidnapped by Carface, Charlie follows them. Flo, hearing Anne-Marie's scream, sends Itchy to get help from Kate and Harold, he rouses the dogs of the city by his side.
Charlie returns to Carface's casino, where he is ambushed by his thugs. They attack Charlie, inadvertently setting an oil fire. Charlie's pained howls from their attacks summon King Gator, who chases Carface off. Charlie drops his watch into the water, however, he pushes Anne-Marie to safety onto some debris, dives into the water to retrieve it, but it stops before he can get to it. Anne-Marie and a redeemed Killer are discovered by Itchy, Kate and the authorities, as the boat sinks into the water. Sometime Kate and Harold adopt Anne-Marie, who has adopted Itchy. Charlie returns in ghost form to apologize to Anne-Marie; the whippet angel appears and tells him that because he sacrificed his life for Anne-Marie, Charlie has earned his place in Heaven. Anne-Marie awakens, they reconcile. Charlie asks her to take care of Itchy, bids his sleeping friend goodbye; when Anne-Marie goes to sleep again, Charlie reluctantly leaves and returns to Heaven where Carface arrives, having been caught and eaten by King Gator.
A post-credits scene shows Carface ripping off his angel wings and halo while planning to get his reveng
The Iron Giant
The Iron Giant is a 1999 American animated science fiction film produced by Warner Bros. Feature Animation and directed by Brad Bird in his directorial debut, who would write and direct the Pixar film The Incredibles, it is based on the 1968 novel The Iron Man by Ted Hughes and was scripted by Tim McCanlies from a story treatment by Bird. The film stars the voices of Eli Marienthal, Vin Diesel, Jennifer Aniston, Harry Connick, Jr. Christopher McDonald and John Mahoney. Set during the Cold War in 1957, the film is about a young boy named Hogarth Hughes, who discovers and befriends a giant robot who fell from space. With the help of a beatnik artist named Dean McCoppin and Dean attempt to prevent the U. S. Military and Kent Mansley, a paranoid federal agent, from finding and destroying the Giant; the film's development began in 1994 as a musical with the involvement of The Who's Pete Townshend, though the project took root once Bird signed on as director and hired McCanlies to write the screenplay in 1996.
The film was animated using traditional animation, with computer-generated imagery used to animate the title character and other effects. The understaffed crew of the film completed it with half of the time and budget of other animated features. Michael Kamen composed the film's score, performed by the Czech Philharmonic; the Iron Giant premiered at Mann's Chinese Theater in Los Angeles on July 31, 1999 and was released worldwide on August 6. Upon its release, the film under-performed at the box office, making $31.3 million worldwide against a budget of $70–80 million, blamed on Warner Bros.' Unusually poor marketing campaign and skepticism towards animated film production following the failure of its previous effort, Quest for Camelot. However, the film received widespread critical acclaim with praise directed at the story, characters, the portrayal of the title character and the voice performances of Aniston, Connick, Jr. Diesel, McDonald and Marienthal; the film was nominated for several awards.
Through home video releases and television syndication, the film gathered a cult following and is now regarded as a modern animated classic. In 2015, an extended, remastered version of the film was re-released theatrically, which saw a home video release the following year. During the Cold War shortly after the Soviet Union launches Sputnik 1 in October 1957, an object from space crashes in the ocean just off the coast of Maine enters the forest near the town of Rockwell. Nine-year-old Hogarth Hughes investigates and finds a giant robot attempting to eat the transmission lines of an electrical substation. Hogarth befriends the Giant, finding it docile and curious; when it eats railroad tracks in the path of an oncoming train, the train collides with it and derails, Hogarth leads the Giant away from the scene, discovering that it can self-repair. While there, Hogarth shows the Giant comic books of the adventures of Superman; the incidents lead a cowardly and paranoid U. S. government agent named Kent Mansley to Rockwell.
He suspects Hogarth's involvement after talking with him and his widowed mother and rents a room in their house to keep watch on him. Hogarth evades Kent and moves the Giant to a junkyard owned by beatnik artist Dean McCoppin, who reluctantly agrees to keep him. Hogarth enjoys his time with the Giant but is forced to explain "death" after witnessing hunters killing a deer; when Kent discovers evidence of the giant after finding a photo of it next to Hogarth and brings a U. S. Army contingent led by General Shannon Rogard to the scrapyard to'prove' the Giant's existence, Dean tricks them by pretending the Giant is one of his art pieces. Rogard is enraged by the apparent false alarm and prepares to leave with his forces after berating Kent for his antics. Hogarth continues to have fun with the Giant by playing with a toy gun, but inadvertently activates the Giant's defensive system, Dean orders it away for Hogarth's safety with Hogarth giving chase. Dean realizes the Giant was acting in self-defense and catches up to Hogarth as they follow the Giant.
The Giant saves two boys falling from a roof. Kent convinces Rogard to return to Rockwell when he spots the Giant in the town while leaving Rockwell, they evade the military by using the Giant's flight system, but the Giant is shot down and crashes to the ground. Hogarth is knocked unconscious, but the Giant, thinking Hogarth is dead, transforms into a war machine in grief and retaliates, forcing its way back to Rockwell. Kent convinces Rogard to prepare a nuclear missile launch from USS Nautilus, as conventional weapons prove ineffective. Dean and Annie revive Hogarth, who returns in time to calm the Giant while Dean clarifies the situation to Rogard; the General is ready to stand down when Kent impulsively orders the missile launch, causing the missile to head towards Rockwell where it will kill everyone. Kent attempts to escape. In order to save the town, the Giant bids farewell to Hogarth and flies off to intercept the missile; as he soars directly into the path of the rocket, the Giant remembers Hogarth's words "You are who you choose to be", smiles contentedly and says "Superman" as he collides with the weapon.
The missile explodes in the atmosphere, saving Rockwell, its population and the military forces nearby but destroys the Giant, devastating Hogarth. Months a memorial of the Giant stands in Rockwell and Dean and Annie start a relationship. Hogarth is give
Batman is a superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger, first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in 1939. Named the "Bat-Man," the character is referred to by such epithets as the Caped Crusader, the Dark Knight, the World's Greatest Detective. Batman's secret identity is Bruce Wayne, a wealthy American playboy and owner of Wayne Enterprises. After witnessing the murder of his parents Dr. Thomas Wayne and Martha Wayne as a child, he swore vengeance against criminals, an oath tempered by a sense of justice. Bruce Wayne trains himself physically and intellectually and crafts a bat-inspired persona to fight crime. Batman operates in the fictional Gotham City with assistance from various supporting characters, including his butler Alfred, police commissioner Jim Gordon, vigilante allies such as Robin. Unlike most superheroes, Batman does not possess any inhuman superpowers, he does, possess a genius-level intellect, is a peerless martial artist, his vast wealth affords him an extraordinary arsenal of weaponry and equipment.
A large assortment of villains make up Batman's rogues gallery, including the Joker. The character became popular soon after his introduction in 1939 and gained his own comic book title, the following year; as the decades went on, differing interpretations of the character emerged. The late 1960s Batman television series used a camp aesthetic, which continued to be associated with the character for years after the show ended. Various creators worked to return the character to his dark roots, culminating in 1986 with The Dark Knight Returns by Frank Miller; the success of Warner Bros. Pictures' live-action Batman feature films have helped maintain the character's prominence in mainstream culture. Batman has been licensed and featured in various adaptations, from radio to television and film, appears in merchandise sold around the world, such as apparel and video games. Kevin Conroy, Rino Romano, Anthony Ruivivar, Peter Weller, Bruce Greenwood, Jason O'Mara, Will Arnett, among others, have provided the character's voice for animated adaptations.
Batman has been depicted in both film and television by Lewis Wilson, Robert Lowery, Adam West, Michael Keaton, Val Kilmer, George Clooney, Christian Bale, Ben Affleck. In early 1939, the success of Superman in Action Comics prompted editors at National Comics Publications to request more superheroes for its titles. In response, Bob Kane created "the Bat-Man". Collaborator Bill Finger recalled that "Kane had an idea for a character called'Batman,' and he'd like me to see the drawings. I went over to Kane's, he had drawn a character who looked much like Superman with kind of... reddish tights, I believe, with boots... no gloves, no gauntlets... with a small domino mask, swinging on a rope. He had two stiff wings, and under it was a big sign... BATMAN"; the bat-wing-like cape was suggested by Bob Kane, inspired as a child by Leonardo Da Vinci's sketch of an ornithopter flying device. Finger suggested giving the character a cowl instead of a simple domino mask, a cape instead of wings, gloves. Finger said he devised the name Bruce Wayne for the character's secret identity: "Bruce Wayne's first name came from Robert Bruce, the Scottish patriot.
Wayne, being a playboy, was a man of gentry. I searched for a name. I tried Adams, Hancock... I thought of Mad Anthony Wayne." He said his suggestions were influenced by Lee Falk's popular The Phantom, a syndicated newspaper comic-strip character with which Kane was familiar. Kane and Finger drew upon contemporary 1930s popular culture for inspiration regarding much of the Bat-Man's look, personality and weaponry. Details find predecessors in pulp fiction, comic strips, newspaper headlines, autobiographical details referring to Kane himself; as an aristocratic hero with a double identity, Batman had predecessors in the Scarlet Pimpernel and Zorro. Like them, Batman performed his heroic deeds in secret, averted suspicion by playing aloof in public, marked his work with a signature symbol. Kane noted the influence of the films The Mark of Zorro and The Bat Whispers in the creation of the character's iconography. Finger, drawing inspiration from pulp heroes like Doc Savage, The Shadow, Dick Tracy, Sherlock Holmes, made the character a master sleuth.
In his 1989 autobiography, Kane detailed Finger's contributions to Batman's creation: One day I called Bill and said,'I have a new character called the Bat-Man and I've made some crude, elementary sketches I'd like you to look at.' He came over and I showed him the drawings. At the time, I only had a small domino mask, like the one Robin wore, on Batman's face. Bill said,'Why not make him look more like a bat and put a hood on him, take the eyeballs out and just put slits for eyes to make him look more mysterious?' At this point, the Bat-Man wore a red union suit. I thought that black would be a good combination. Bill said that the costume was too bright:'Color it dark grey to make it look more ominous.' The cape looked like two stiff bat wings attached to his arms. As Bill and I talked, we realized that these wings would get cumbersome when Bat-Man was in action and changed them into a cape, scalloped to look like bat wings when he was fighting or swinging down on a rope, he didn't have any gloves on, we added them so that he wouldn't leave fingerprints.
Kane signed away ownership in
Rick and Morty
Rick and Morty is an American adult animated science fiction sitcom created by Justin Roiland and Dan Harmon for Cartoon Network's late-night programming block Adult Swim. The series follows the misadventures of cynical mad scientist Rick Sanchez and his good-hearted but fretful grandson Morty Smith, who split their time between domestic life and interdimensional adventures; the series premiered on December 2, 2013, the third season concluded on October 1, 2017. In May 2018, the series was picked up for an additional 70 episodes over an unspecified number of seasons. Roiland voices the eponymous characters, with Chris Parnell, Spencer Grammer and Sarah Chalke voicing the rest of the family; the series originated from an animated short parody film of Back to the Future, The Real Animated Adventures of Doc and Mharti, created by Roiland for Channel 101, a short film festival co-founded by Harmon. When Adult Swim approached Harmon for television show ideas, he and Roiland decided to develop a program based on the short.
The series has been acclaimed by critics for its originality and humor. The show revolves around the adventures of the members of the Smith household, which consists of parents Jerry and Beth, their children Summer and Morty, Beth's father, Rick Sanchez, who lives with them as a guest. According to Justin Roiland, the family lives outside of Seattle in the U. S. state of Washington. The adventures of Rick and Morty, take place across an infinite number of realities, with the characters travelling to other planets and dimensions through portals and Rick's flying car. Rick is an eccentric and alcoholic mad scientist, who eschews many ordinary conventions such as school, marriage and family, he goes on adventures with his 14-year-old grandson, Morty, a kind-hearted but distressed boy, whose naïve but grounded moral compass plays counterpoint to Rick's Machiavellian ego. Morty's 17-year-old sister, Summer, is a more conventional teenager, who worries about improving her status among her peers and sometimes follows Rick and Morty on their adventures.
The kids' mother, Beth, is a level-headed person and assertive force in the household, though self-conscious about her professional role as a horse surgeon. She is dissatisfied with her marriage to Jerry, a simple-minded and insecure person, who disapproves of Rick's influence over his family. Different versions of the characters inhabit other dimensions throughout the multiverse and their personal characteristics can vary from one reality to another; the show's original Rick identifies himself as "Rick Sanchez of Earth Dimension C-137", in reference to his original universe, but this does not apply to every other member of the Smith household. For instance, in the first-season episode "Rick Potion #9", after turning the entire world population into monsters and Morty move to a different dimension, leaving Summer and Jerry behind. Following the conclusion of the third season, co-creators Harmon and Roiland wanted to have assurance that there would be many more seasons of Rick and Morty in the future, so that they would be able to focus on the show and minimize their involvement in other projects.
After prolonged contract negotiations, Adult Swim announced a long-term deal with the creators in May 2018, ordering 70 new episodes over an unspecified number of seasons. Talking about the upcoming fourth season a few months earlier, Harmon had said that he wishes for it to consist of more than ten episodes, writer Ryan Ridley had said that he did not expect it to air any sooner than late 2019. Rick and Morty was created by Dan Harmon; the duo first met at Channel 101, a non-profit monthly short film festival in Los Angeles co-founded by Harmon. At Channel 101, participants submit a short film in the format of a pilot, a live audience decides which pilots continue as a series. Roiland a producer on reality programming, began submitting content to the festival a year after its launch, in 2004, his pilots consisted of shock value—"sick and twisted" elements that received a confused reaction from the audience. Harmon took a liking to his humor and the two began collaborating. In 2006, Roiland was fired from working on a television series he regarded as intensely creatively stifling, funneled his creative energies into creating a webisode for Channel 101.
The result was The Real Animated Adventures of Doc and Mharti, an animated short starring parodies of Doc Brown and Marty McFly, characters from the Back to the Future film trilogy. In the short, which Harmon would dub "a bastardization, a pornographic vandalization", Doc Smith urges Mharti that the solution to all of his problems is to give him oral sex; the audience reacted to it wildly, Roiland began creating more shorts involving the characters, which soon evolved beyond his original intentions and their obvious origin within the film from which it was culled. Harmon would create and produce Community, an NBC sitcom, while Roiland would work in voice acting for Disney's Fish Hooks and Cartoon Network's Adventure Time. In 2012, Harmon was fired from Community. Adult Swim, searching for a more prime-time, "hit" show, approached Harmon shortly afterward, who viewed the channel as unfit for his style, he was unfamiliar with animation, his process for creating television focuses more on dialogue and story.
Instead, he phoned Roiland to inquire. Roiland brought up the idea of using the Doc and Mharti characters, renamed Rick and Morty. Roiland wanted the show's run time to consist of one eleven-minute segment, but Adult Swim pushed for a half-hour program. Harmon felt the best way to extend the voices into a program wo
An American Tail
An American Tail is a 1986 American animated musical adventure film directed by Don Bluth, the creator of the Dragon's Lair arcade game, produced by Sullivan Bluth Inc. and Amblin Entertainment. It tells the story of Fievel Mousekewitz and his family as they emigrate from the Imperial Russian territory of Ukraine to the United States for freedom. However, he must find a way to reunite with them, it was released on November 21, 1986, to reviews that ranged from positive to mixed and was a box office hit, making it the highest-grossing non-Disney animated film at the time. Its success, along with that of The Land Before Time and Disney's Who Framed Roger Rabbit, Bluth's departure from their partnership, prompted Steven Spielberg to establish his own animation studio, Amblimation. In Shostka in 1885, the Mousekewitzes, a Russian-Jewish family of mice who live with a human family named Moskowitz, are having a celebration of Hanukkah where Papa gives his hat to his 5-year-old son and tells him about the United States, a country where there are no cats.
The celebration is interrupted when a battery of Cossacks ride through the village square in an anti-Jewish arson attack and their cats attack the village mice. Because of this, the Moskowitz home, along with that of the Mousekewitzes, is destroyed. In Hamburg, the Mousekewitzes board a tramp steamer headed for New York City. All the mice aboard are ecstatic at the process of going to America there. During a thunderstorm on their journey, Fievel finds himself separated from his family and washed overboard. Thinking that he has died, they proceed to the city as planned, though they become depressed at his loss. However, Fievel floats to New York City in a bottle and, after a pep talk from a French pigeon named Henri, embarks on a quest to find his family, he is waylaid by conman Warren T. Rat, who gains his trust and sells him to a sweatshop, he escapes with Tony Toponi, a street-smart Italian mouse, they join up with Bridget, an Irish mouse trying to rouse her fellow mice to fight the cats. When a gang of them called the Mott Street Maulers attacks a mouse marketplace, the immigrant mice learn that the tales of a cat-free country are not true.
Bridget takes Fievel and Tony to see Honest John, an alcoholic politician who knows the city's voting mice. However, he can't help Fievel search for his family. Meanwhile, his older sister, tells her gloomy parents she has a feeling that he is still alive, but they insist that it will go away. Led by the rich and powerful Gussie Mausheimer, the mice hold a rally to decide what to do about the cats. Warren is extorting them all for protection. No one knows. Although his family attends, they stand well in the back of the audience and they are unable to recognize Fievel onstage with her; the mice begin constructing their plan. On the day of launch, Fievel stumbles upon Warren's lair, he discovers that he is a cat in disguise, the leader of the Maulers. They capture and imprison Fievel, but his guard is a reluctant member of the gang, a goofy, soft-hearted long-haired orange tabby cat named Tiger, who befriends and frees him. Fievel races back to the pier with the cats chasing after him when Gussie orders the mice to release the secret weapon.
A huge mechanical mouse, inspired by the bedtime tales Papa told Fievel of the "Giant Mouse of Minsk", chases the cats down the pier and into the water. A tramp steamer bound for Hong Kong carries them away. However, a pile of leaking kerosene cans has caused a torch lying on the ground to ignite the pier, the mice are forced to flee when the fire department arrives to extinguish it. During the fire, Fievel ends up at an orphanage. Papa and Tanya overhear Bridget and Tony calling out to Fievel, but Papa is sure that there may be another "Fievel" somewhere, until Mama finds his hat. Joined by Gussie, Tiger allows them to ride him in a final effort to find Fievel and they are successful; the journey ends with Henri taking everyone to see his newly completed project—the Statue of Liberty, which appears to smile and wink at Fievel and Tanya, the Mouskewitzes' new life in the United States begins. Phillip Glasser as Fievel Mousekewitz. While "Fievel" is the accepted spelling of his name, the opening credits spell it as "Feivel", the more common transliteration of the Yiddish name.
However, many English-speaking writers have come to adopt the spelling Fievel for this character. His last name is a play on the Jewish-Russian last name "Moskowitz", the name of the human occupants of the house his family is living under in the beginning of the film. Amy Green as Tanya Mousekewitz, Fievel's older sister. Optimistic and obedient, she continued to believe that he was alive after he was washed overboard en route to the United States, she was given an American name "Tillie" at the immigration point at Castle Garden. John Finnegan as Warren T. Rat, a small cat disguised as a rat and the leader of the Mott Street Maulers, a gang of cats who terrorize the mice of New York City, he is accompanied nearly all the time by a small British-accented cockroach. Nehemiah Persoff as Papa Mousekewi
Brave (2012 film)
Brave is a 2012 American computer-animated fantasy film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. It was co-directed by Steve Purcell; the story is by Chapman, with the screenplay by Andrews, Purcell and Irene Mecchi. The film was produced by Katherine Sarafian, with John Lasseter, Andrew Stanton, Pete Docter as executive producers; the film's voice cast features Kelly Macdonald, Billy Connolly, Emma Thompson, Julie Walters, Robbie Coltrane, Kevin McKidd, Craig Ferguson. Set in the Scottish Highlands, the film tells the story of a princess named Merida who defies an age-old custom, causing chaos in the kingdom by expressing the desire not to be betrothed. Chapman drew inspiration for the film's story from her relationship with her own daughter. Co-directing with Mark Andrews, Chapman became Pixar's first female director of a feature-length film. To create the most complex visuals possible, Pixar rewrote their animation system for the first time in 25 years. Brave is the first film to use the Dolby Atmos sound format.
Brave premiered on June 10, 2012, at the Seattle International Film Festival, was released in North America on June 22, 2012, to both positive reviews and box office success. The film won the Academy Award, the Golden Globe, the BAFTA Award for Best Animated Feature Film. Preceding the feature theatrically was a short film entitled La Luna, directed by Enrico Casarosa. In Medieval Scotland, Princess Merida of the clan Dunbroch is given a bow and arrow by her father, King Fergus, for her sixth birthday to the dismay of her mother, Queen Elinor. While venturing into the woods to fetch a stray arrow, Merida encounters a will-o'-the-wisp. Soon afterward, Mor'du, a huge demon bear, attacks the family. Merida flees on horseback with Elinor, while Fergus and his men fend off Mor'du, though the fight costs him one of his legs. Ten years Merida is told that she is to be betrothed to the son of one of her father's allies. Elinor explains that failure to consent to the betrothal could harm Dunbroch, reminding Merida of a legend of a prince whose pride and refusal to follow his father's wishes destroyed his kingdom.
The allied clan chieftains and their first-born sons arrive to compete in the Highland games for Merida's hand in marriage. Merida twists the rules, announcing that as her own clan's firstborn she is eligible to compete for her own hand, she bests her suitors in an archery contest, shaming the other clans, after a heated argument with Elinor, runs away into the forest. Wisps appear. Merida bargains for a spell to change her fate, the witch gives her an enchanted cake; when Merida gives Elinor the cake, it transforms her into a bear, unable to speak but still retaining most of her human consciousness. Merida returns to the witch's cottage with Elinor, only to find it deserted, discovers a message from the witch: unless Merida is able to "mend the bond torn by pride" before the second sunrise, the spell will become permanent. Merida and Elinor are led by the wisps to ancient ruins. Realizing that Mor'du was the prince in the legend, Merida vows that she will not let the same thing happen to her mother, concludes she needs to repair the family tapestry she damaged during their argument.
They return to the castle to find the clans on the verge of war. Merida intends to relent and declare herself ready to choose a suitor as tradition demands, but Elinor prompts her instead to insist that the firstborns should be allowed to marry in their own time to whomever they choose; the clans agree, breaking tradition but strengthening their alliance. Merida sneaks into the tapestry room with Elinor. Elinor, losing her humanity, attacks Fergus, but regains her composure and flees the castle. Mistaking the queen for Mor'du and unwilling to listen to Merida, Fergus pursues the bear with the other clans, locking Merida in the castle. Merida repairs the tapestry while riding after her father. Fergus and the clans capture Elinor, but Merida intervenes and stops her father before Mor'du arrives. Mor'du batters the clan warriors and targets Merida, but Elinor intercedes, holding off Mor'du and causing him to be crushed by a falling menhir; this releases the spirit of the prince. Merida covers her mother in the repaired tapestry.
As the sun rises for the second time, Merida realizes the mistakes she has made and reconciles with Elinor, unknowingly fulfilling the true meaning of the witch's message and reversing the spell's effects. With Mor'du gone and Elinor work together on a new tapestry when they are called to the docks to bid farewell to the other clans, ride their horses. Kelly Macdonald as Merida, a sixteen-year-old Scottish princess and skilled archer who dreams of following her own path and living her own life. Peigi Barker as Young Merida. Emma Thompson as Queen Elinor, Dunbroch's queen and Merida's mother, whose respect for protocol and tradition brings her into conflict with her daughter. Billy Connolly as King Fergus, Dunbroch's king and Merida's boisterous father. Julie Walters as The Witch, a crafty and bumbling old witch who agrees to help Merida, she is a master woodcarver. Robbie Coltrane as Lord Dingwall. Kevin McKidd as Lord MacGuffin and Young MacGuffin, whose lines were spoken in Doric. Craig Ferguson as Lord Macintosh.
Steven Cree as Young Macintosh. Steve Purcell as The Raven/Crow, A talking raven who has his own opinions on his mistress' way of thinking as well as her abilities. Patrick Doyle as Martin, the guard. John Ratzenberger as Gordon, the guard. Sally Kinghorn and Eilidh Fraser as Maudie, the castle maid, she is afraid o
Joe Shuster Award
The Joe Shuster Canadian Comic Book Creator Awards are given out annually for outstanding achievements in the creation of comic books, graphic novels and comics retailers and publishers by Canadians. The awards, first handed out in April 2005, are named in honour of Joe Shuster, the Canadian-born co-creator of Superman; the Canadian Comic Book Creator Awards Association is a not-for-profit organization formed in 2004 to administer the awards. The Joe Shuster Awards are comic book industry-oriented awards that recognize the achievements of Canadian citizens and permanent residents. Founded as an English-language comics award, the criteria have been changed and refined since 2006 to be inclusive of all works published in Canada; the majority of the awards were committee-nominated, public-vote awards, with write-in nominations accepted for the International Creator award. This was changed in 2008 to a committee-nominated, jury-selected model, with publishers nominating works within the relevant award category.
The model established in 2008 was designed to eliminate voter ballot stuffing. The jury deliberates, they are named after Canadian-born cartoonist Joe Shuster, who co-created Superman in 1938. The award, which focuses on professionally published and distributed comics from all publishers including those designated as mainstream such as DC Comics and Marvel Comics, is complemented by the Doug Wright Awards, which focuses on alternative comics and comic strips and avoid mainstream published works. From the Joe Shuster Award website: "When it comes to defining comics our job is to be as INCLUSIVE as possible when narrowing the selections down to an EXCLUSIVE number of annual nominees – there is only one winner in each category though! We strive to ensure that our nominates represent the entire country’s output – whether that output is in English or French or in other languages – the central defining characteristic of our nominees are that they are Canadian. We don’t censure Canadian creators who work with non-Canadian publishing houses – while Canada is a large and diverse country, for the creative awards, there are a limited number of Canadian publishers."
The late Harry Kremer, owner of Now & Then Books in Kitchener-Waterloo, was a true pioneer in the industry and a constant and tireless promoter and patron of the medium and owner one of the first comic book specialty stores in Canada. His memory is kept alive in the award, named after him – the Outstanding Canadian Comic Book Retailer Award; the Award was given to Kremer's store with open voting from 2006 onwards. Named after the late comics artist and self-publisher Gene Day, this award honours Canadian comic book creators or creative teams who self-published their work, but did not have the books distributed by a third-party distributor; the award winner receives a bursary of $500. The award was introduced in 2009. Prior to this, Dave Sim had established the Howard E. Day Prize distributed annually at the Small Press and Alternative Comics Expo in Columbus, from 2002 to 2008; this award was established in 2004. Works considered for this award are comic books and graphic novels that are targeted at readers 14 and under.
Nominees are selected by a team of educators led by Jennifer Haines, MA, B. Ed., the proprietor of Guelph, Ontario’s The Dragon comic book shop. The Hall of Fame includes dozens of creators such as Hal Foster, Win Mortimer, John Byrne, Dave Sim and more; the Joe Shuster Awards honour original work published during the previous calendar year in any language. However, Canada has two official languages – French and English, so extra research and attention is given to works published in the two official languages. In order to ensure that bilingual works are included on the ballot, two nominating committees select the finalists in each official language and the finalists are merged for the announced ballot; the nominated books are given to jury members who can read both official languages for equal consideration. The Joe Shuster Awards are open to all Canadian citizens. Canadian citizens who have chosen to reside outside of Canada are still eligible for consideration, unless they contact the Awards organization and notify them that they have surrendered their Canadian citizenship and no longer wish to be considered for their recent work as a Canadian citizen.
Non-Canadians who have achieved permanent residency status in Canada are eligible for consideration. In order to be considered for inclusion as a resident, the individual must have lived in Canada for three years. Permanent residents who do not wish to be considered may opt out of the Awards program before the selection process begins by sending a statement in writing to the Awards organization. If an approved permanent resident moves away from Canada, they are no longer considered eligible for the awards. Categories and winners of Joe Shuster Awards are as follows: 2005 Dave Sim and Gerhard for completing Cerebus in 2004. Begun in 1977, this 300-issue series is a milestone in comic book publishing and is the longest running creator-owned comic book series. 2006-2007 No winner 2008 David Watkins for using comic books as a teaching tool. 2009 Category suspended 2005 Kaare Andrews for Spider-Man/Doctor Octopus: Year One 2006 Pia Guerra for Y: The Last Man and a story in Spider-Man Unlimited #10 2007 Darwyn Cooke and J. Bone for Batman/The Spirit #1.
2008 Dale Eaglesham for Justice Society of America #2-4, 6-7, 9-11 2009 David Finch for Ultimatu