Los Haitises National Park
Los Haitises National Park is a national park located on the remote northeast coast of the Dominican Republic that was established in 1976. It consists of a limestone karst plateau with conical hills and caverns, other parts of the park are clad in subtropical humid forest and the area has an annual precipitation of about 2,000 mm. The park contains a number of different habitats and consequently has a diversity of mammals and birds. Some of the caverns contain pictograms and petroglyphs, the park has become a popular ecotourism destination but the number of tourists allowed to visit is limited. The park was created by Law 409 enacted June 3,1976 and it was preceded by a Reserva Forestal called Zona Vedada de Los Haitises, created by Law 244. In 1996, it area was expanded from 208 to 826 km2 by Decree 233 and its boundary, which has been redrawn on several occasions, is uncertain. The bulk of the park is located in the municipality of Sabana de la Mar, province of Hato Mayor, while the remainder lies in the provinces of Monte Plata, Sabana de la Mar is the site of a visitors center.
Despite advanced deforestation, the precipitation is still considerable, ranging from 1, the park is near the top rank in both annual total rainfall and annual number of rainy days among sites in the Dominican Republic. The area was formed during the Miocene epoch of the Neogene period, geomorphologically, it is a platform karst with dense clusters of conical hills of nearly uniform height in between which there are many sinkholes. The maximum dimensions of this platform karst block are 82 km east to west by 26 km north to south, the hills of the interior have the same origin as the islets of the Samaná Bay. There is a multitude of caverns, Los Haitises spans portions of two basins, in its western half, the lower basin of the Yuna River, and in its eastern half, a zone spanning Miches and Sabana de la Mar. The Yuna drains through two mouths, its own and that of the Barracote River. In addition to two rivers, the park is traversed by the Payabo River, the Los Cocos River, the Naranjo River, and numerous natural channels including the Cabirma, Estero.
Los Haitises has two Holdridge life zones, humid subtropical forest and very humid subtropical forest, broadleaf species in the park include musk wood, cigar-box cedar, West Indian mahogany and grandleaf seagrape. There are many species of orchids, Los Haitises contains the greatest abundance of Caribbean mangrove, in which species like red mangrove and white mangrove predominate. The fauna of Los Haitises is of great variety, and due to the diversity of physical geographic zones. Two endemic mammal species, the Hispaniolan hutia and the Hispaniolan solenodon, are threatened with extinction, being a coastal and marine park, it contains a large variety of birds, including most of the species endemic to the country. These include the brown pelican or alcatraz, magnificent frigatebird, Hispaniolan amazon, barn owl, some of the bird species found in Los Haitises are not found elsewhere within the Dominican Republic
Xanthosoma is a genus of flowering plants in the arum family, Araceae. The genus is native to tropical America but widely cultivated and naturalized in tropical regions. The leaves of most Xanthosoma species are 40-200 cm long, sagittate or subdivided into three or as many as 18 segments. Unlike the leaves of Colocasia, those of Xanthosoma are usually not peltate- the upper v-notch extends into the point of attachment of the petiole to the blade. The name is derived from the Greek words ξανθὸς, meaning yellow and it refers to the stigma or yellow inner tissues. Prior to opening, the inflorescence is enclosed within a leaf-like spathe, when the inflorescence opens, it produces heat and releases a sweet scent attracting its pollinators, dynastine beetles. Dynastines arrive covered with pollen from another inflorescence and remain in the tube for 24 hours. On the second night, they out of the tube and walk over the staminate flowers, getting covered with pollen. Fruits start to develop within the shelter of the spathe tube, when the infructescence is mature, in some species, it arches back and downwards.
In other species, it stays erect, the tissue of the spathe tube rolls outwards, exhibiting the bright orange fruits and the velvety pink inner spathe surface. Domestication of Xanthosoma species is thought to have originated in northern lowland South America, spread to the Antilles, Xanthosoma is still grown in all those regions, but is especially popular in Cuba and Puerto Rico, where it is used in alcapurrias or boiled. It is grown in Trinidad and Tobago and Jamaica to make the popular callaloo dish and it is grown in West Africa, now a major producer, where it can be used as a replacement for yams in a popular regional dish called fufu. Xanthosoma is grown as a crop in the Philippines, in general, production has yet to meet demand in some areas. In Polynesia, Xanthosoma was considered a food, used only in the event of failure of the much preferred taro crop. The typical Xanthosoma plant has a cycle of 9 to 11 months, during which time it produces a large stem called a corm. These cormels are rich in starch and their taste has been described as earthy and nutty, and they are a common ingredient in soups and stews.
They may be grilled, fried, or puréed. The young, unfurled leaves of some varieties can be eaten as boiled leafy vegetables or used in soups and stews, flour made from Xanthosoma species is hypoallergenic
The Dominican Republic is a sovereign state occupying the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean region. The western one-third of the island is occupied by the nation of Haiti, christopher Columbus landed on the Western part of Hispaniola, in what is now Haiti, on December 6,1492. The island became the first seat of the Spanish colonial rule in the New World, the Dominican people declared independence in November 1821 but were forcefully annexed by their more powerful neighbor Haiti in February 1822. After the 1844 victory in the Dominican War of Independence against Haitian rule the country again under Spanish colonial rule until the Dominican War of Restoration of 1865. The Dominican Republic experienced mostly internal strife until 1916, a civil war in 1965, the countrys last, was ended by another U. S. military occupation and was followed by the authoritarian rule of Joaquín Balaguer, 1966–1978. Since then, the Dominican Republic has moved toward representative democracy and has been led by Leonel Fernández for most of the time since 1996.
Danilo Medina, the Dominican Republics current president, succeeded Fernandez in 2012, the Dominican Republic has the ninth-largest economy in Latin America and is the largest economy in the Caribbean and Central American region. Though long known for agriculture and mining, the economy is now dominated by services. Over the last two decades, the Dominican Republic have been standing out as one of the economies in the Americas – with an average real GDP growth rate of 5. 4% between 1992 and 2014. GDP growth in 2014 and 2015 reached 7.3 and 7. 0%, respectively, in the first half of 2016 the Dominican economy grew 7. 4% continuing its trend of rapid economic growth. Recent growth has been driven by construction and tourism, private consumption has been strong, as a result of low inflation, job creation, as well as high level of remittances. The Dominican Republic has a market, Bolsa de Valores de la Republica Dominicana. and advanced telecommunication system. Nevertheless, government corruption, and inconsistent electric service remain major Dominican problems, the country has marked income inequality.
International migration affects the Dominican Republic greatly, as it receives, mass illegal Haitian immigration and the integration of Dominicans of Haitian descent are major issues. A large Dominican diaspora exists, mostly in the United States, contributes to development, the Dominican Republic is the most visited destination in the Caribbean. The year-round golf courses are major attractions, the island has an average temperature of 26 °C and great climatic and biological diversity. The country is the site of the first cathedral, castle and fortress built in all of the Americas, located in Santo Domingos Colonial Zone, a World Heritage Site. Music and sport are of importance in the Dominican culture, with Merengue and Bachata as the national dance and music
Punta Cana is a resort town within the Punta Cana-Bávaro-Veron-Macao municipal district, in the municipality of Higüey, in La Altagracia Province, the easternmost province of the Dominican Republic. The area has beaches and balnearios which face both the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, and it has been a popular tourist destination since the 1970s, the Punta Cana area has an estimated population of 50,000, with an annual growth rate of 6%. To the north, it borders the village and beach of Cabeza de Toro, the nearest city, the 500-year-old Higüey, is 45 kilometres away, which takes about an hour to reach by car. European entrepreneurs, particularly Spanish hotel chains, own all but two of the over 50 megaresorts at the Punta Cana tourism destination, the province’s 100-kilometre coastline tends to be mildly windy. The ocean waters are mainly shallows, with several natural pools in which visitors can bathe without danger. Bávaro is the starting from Cabeza de Toro until Macao Beach. The major town in the district is Veron, now bigger than Higüey in territory, verón, last name of the French proprietor of a timberline business in the early 1930s, is now the base-city for hotel workers and related.
It has, besides Bávaro, one of the four gas stations in Punta Cana. Punta Cana features a wet and dry climate under the Köppen climate classification. The weather is fairly consistent all year, with a temperature of 30 °C. The hot and humid season lasts from May to October, from November to March, temperatures during the evening are around 20 °C. Very little rain falls around the area, primarily because of the flat landscape. The capital city Santo Domingo, and Los Haitises National Park, the Basilica Catholic Monument, built in 1962 and designed by two French architects, is in nearby Higüey, the 500-year-old capital of the Province. There are several developments, the Puntacana Resort and Club, Cap Cana, Motel 6. The electricity is powered by Consorcio Energetico Punta Cana Macao, a wind, the Punta Cana International Airport is one of the busiest and best connected airports in the Caribbean. In 2014, Punta Cana received over 2.4 million passengers, grupo Puntacana built the Punta Cana International Airport in 1984 to facilitate tourism in the area.
It was the western hemisphere’s first privately owned international airport, the buses run through most of the main town and stop running at 10,00 pm. Punta Cana travel guide from Wikivoyage
Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea that form edible tubers. Yams are perennial herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in Asia, Africa and South America, the tubers themselves are called yams. There are many different cultivars of yams, Yams are monocots, related to lilies and grasses. Native to Africa and Asia, yam tubers vary in size from that of a potato to over 60 kg. Over 600 varieties of yams are known, and 95% of these crops are grown in Africa, differences between true yam and sweet potato yam Yams are a monocot from the Dioscoreaceae family. Sweet potatoes are a dicot from the Convolvulaceae family, they are about as distantly related as two flowering plants can be. Culinarily, yams are starchier and drier than sweet potatoes, the table below lists some differences between yams and sweet potatoes. Yam tubers can grow up to 1.5 m in length, the vegetable has a rough skin which is difficult to peel, but softens after heating.
The skins vary in color dark brown to light pink. The majority of the vegetable is composed of a much softer substance known as the meat and this substance ranges in color from white or yellow to purple or pink in mature yams. Many cultivars of yams are found throughout the humid tropics, the most economically important are discussed below. Dioscorea rotundata, the yam, and D. cayenensis. They are the most important cultivated yams, in the past, they were considered as two separate species, but most taxonomists now regard them as the same species. Over 200 varieties between them are cultivated, white yams tuber is roughly cylindrical in shape, the skin is smooth and brown, and the flesh is usually white and firm. Yellow yam has yellow flesh, caused by the presence of carotenoids and it looks similar to the white yam in outer appearance, its tuber skin is usually a bit firmer and less extensively grooved. The yellow yam has a period of vegetation and a shorter dormancy than white yam. The Kokoro variety is important in making dried yam chips and they are large plants, the vines can be as long as 10 to 12 m.
The tubers most often weigh about 2.5 to 5 kg each, after 7 to 12 months growth, the tubers are harvested
El Seibo Province
El Seibo, alternatively spelt El Seybo, is a province of the Dominican Republic. Before 1992 it included what is now Hato Mayor province, urban population are those living in the seats of municipalities or of municipal districts. Rural population are living in the districts and neighborhoods outside them. The population figures are from the 2014 population estimate. For comparison with the municipalities and municipal districts of other provinces see the list of municipalities, for comparison with the municipalities and municipal districts of other provinces see the list of municipalities and municipal districts of the Dominican Republic. In the 2006 elections, one senator and three deputies were elected for the province, the senator is Juan Roberto Rodríguez Hernández from the Dominican Revolutionary Party. The deputies are Kenia Milagros Mejía Mercedes of the Dominican Liberation Party, Juan Maldonado Castro, and Juan Roberto Rodríguez Hernández
Olivia Peguero is a Dominican contemporary landscape and botanical artist. Painting most of the year in the Dominican Republic and Florida, she is known for producing all of her studies and the majority of her finished pieces en plein air. Unlike many other Dominican artists, her works are created in oil using a more traditional European style, many times depicting life as birth, two common themes present in Peguero art are the conservation of old growth Dominican forests and pride in Dominican heritage. In 2007, Peguero enlisted the help of a few important collectors and corporate sponsors to form the Peguero Arte Libros Foundation, a large percentage of the proceeds from the sale of her art are donated to the foundation. Peguero was born in Las Salinas, Barahona Province, and grew up in the towns of Miches, El Seibo Province, on the east coast. She attended the Mahatma Gandhi secondary school in Santo Domingo and after graduation, moved to New York City, New York, Peguero attended university in New York and Florida and continued to refine her style during the course of her training.
Peguero is the founder of the Peguero Arte Libros Foundations and the Art Books for Education Project that focuses on art education for young Dominican children in rural areas. And for a country so rich in the music and dance arts to not have an emphasis in these areas was a loss for every child. One of the currently under implementation by the foundation is to supply rural schools with a set of Spanish language art books that cover painting, sculpture. These would be given to the school for their library and as some schools do not have a library, in early 2013, the Peguero Foundation started a second major program called “Education for Rural Children”. It focuses on keeping children from rural farm areas in school. Located just west of Miches, the preserve is accessible via footpath. The countryside within the preserve was a primary subject in many of the earliest Peguero paintings. Tours of the Mariposa Cocoa Preserve are by invitation only with an annual artist expedition, Armando Arte Dominicano Actual, Arte de Miches, Peguero Mostrar Marion Allexia, Latin Arts America, Women in Art, New York.
Issue May,2001 Dominican Today Periódico Art of Miches to go on tour for the Peguero Arte Libros Foundation
It provides media content to more than 100 countries. Its current CEO and Vice President of the Board of Directors is Adriana Cisneros, Cisneros was founded in 1929 in Venezuela by Diego Cisneros as a small material transport business. The company grew rapidly and obtained a license to branch into the manufacture, Diego diversified the business in 1961 when he acquired a Televisa television channel which would become Venevision. His son, began his career in media and entertainment operations of the company, in 1970, Gustavo Cisneros assumed the position of Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Cisneros. Cisneros Media Distribution is currently one of the main programming suppliers for Univision and it supports various important educational initiatives designed to promote freedom of speech, economic development and encourage multicultural understanding. In August 2013, Gustavo Cisneros appointed his daughter Adriana Cisneros de Griffin as the new Chief Executive Officer of Cisneros, Adriana has spent the last seven years working as Vice Chairman and Vice President of Strategy.
During this time, Adriana Cisneros led the expansion into the digital world. She has mainly concentrated on developing the conglomerate within the digital world, The main and largest television network in Venezuela, Its free-to-air signal covers entire the country. Cisneros Media Distribution, is an entertainment company with more than 30 years’ experience in Spanish content distribution produced by Cisneros, Venevision Productions is the largest independent Hispanic production company in the United States. Its programming is distributed internationally to over 90 countries around the world, Venevision Studios, is a facility for the production of television programming. It has six studios consisting of over 26,000 square meters, digital cameras, digital AES, the Miss Venezuela beauty pageant is now a multimedia event. During the Interactive Gala, the public can vote for their candidate through social media networks. In 2013, the Miss Venezuela contest partnered with CIC Media, similarly, in 2013 it partnered with P&G to create pan-regional product an work with 30 brands.
Siente Music, A joint venture between Vene Music and Universal Music Latino, the award winning division of Universal Music Group, a corporate division of Cisneros develops digital businesses for Hispanic audiences in the United States and Latin America. Its business strategy is focused on two areas, digital advertisement, both online and mobile, and e-commerce. Its main companies are, RedMas, One of the main Hispanic mobile ad networks, The main mobile publicity network in the Hispanic communications market in the U. S. and the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking markets in Latin America. Cuponidad, is a website with daily sales offers in Peru. The former Colombian division filed for bankruptcy in 2015, tropicalia, is a tourism real-estate development belonging to Cisneros