Pathé or Pathé Frères is the name of various French businesses that were founded and run by the Pathé Brothers of France starting in 1896. In the early 1900s, Pathé became the world's largest film equipment and production company, as well as a major producer of phonograph records. In 1908, Pathé invented the newsreel, shown in cinemas prior to a feature film. Pathé is a major film production and distribution company, owning a number of cinema chains through its subsidiary Les Cinémas Gaumont Pathé and television networks across Europe, it is the second oldest operating film company behind Gaumont Film Company, established in 1895. The company was founded as Société Pathé Frères in Paris, France on 28 September 1896, by the four brothers Charles, Émile, Théophile and Jacques Pathé. During the first part of the 20th century, Pathé became the largest film equipment and production company in the world, as well as a major producer of phonograph records; the driving force behind the film operation and phonograph business was Charles Pathé, who had helped open a phonograph shop in 1894 and established a phonograph factory at Chatou on the western outskirts of Paris.
The Pathé brothers began selling Edison and Columbia phonographs and accompanying cylinder records and the brothers designed and sold their own phonographs that incorporated elements of other brands. Soon after, they started marketing pre-recorded cylinder records. By 1896 the Pathé brothers had offices and recording studios not only in Paris, but in London, St. Petersburg. Pathé manufactured cylinder records until 1914. In 1905 the Pathé brothers entered the growing field of disc records. In France, Pathé became the largest and most successful distributor of cylinder records and phonographs. These, failed to make significant headway in foreign markets such as the United Kingdom and the United States where other brands were in widespread use. In December 1928, the French and British Pathé phonograph assets were sold to the British Columbia Graphophone Company. In July 1929, the assets of the American Pathé record company were merged into the newly formed American Record Corporation; the Pathé and Pathé-Marconi labels and catalogue still survive, first as imprints of EMI and now EMI's successor Parlophone Records.
As the phonograph business became successful, Pathé saw the opportunities offered by new means of entertainment and in particular by the fledgling motion picture industry. Having decided to expand the record business to include film equipment, the company expanded dramatically. To finance its growth, the company took the name Compagnie Générale des Établissements Pathé Frères Phonographes & Cinématographes in 1897, its shares were listed on the Paris Stock Exchange. In 1896, Mitchell Mark of Buffalo, New York, became the first American to import Pathé films to the United States, where they were shown in the Vitascope Theater. In 1907, Pathé acquired the Lumière brothers' patents and set about to design an improved studio camera and to make their own film stock, their technologically advanced equipment, new processing facilities built at Vincennes, aggressive merchandising combined with efficient distribution systems allowed them to capture a huge share of the international market. They first expanded to London in 1902 where they set up production facilities and a chain of movie theatres.
By 1909, Pathé had built more than 200 movie theatres in France and Belgium and by the following year they had facilities in Madrid, Moscow and New York City plus Australia and Japan. They opened a film exchange in Buffalo, New York. Through its American subsidiary, it was part of the MPCC cartel of production in the United States, it participated in the Paris Film Congress in February 1909 as part of a plan to create a similar European organisation, however the company withdrew from the project in a second meeting in April which fatally undermined the proposal. Prior to the outbreak of World War I, Pathé dominated Europe's market in motion picture cameras and projectors, it has been estimated. In 1908, Pathé distributed Excursion to the Moon by Segundo de Chomón, an imitation of Georges Méliès's A Trip to the Moon. Pathé and Méliès worked together in 1911. Georges Méliès made a film Baron Munchausen's Dream, his first film to be distributed by Pathé. Pathé's relationship with Méliès soured, in 1913 Méliès went bankrupt, his last film was never released by Pathé.
Worldwide, the company emphasised research, investing in such experiments as hand-coloured film and the synchronisation of film and gramophone recordings. In 1908, Pathé invented the newsreel, shown in theatres prior to the feature film; the news clips featured the Pathé logo of a crowing rooster at the beginning of each reel. In 1912, it introduced 28 mm non-flammable equipment under the brand name Pathescope. Pathé News produced cinema newsreels from 1910, up until the 1970s when production ceased as a result of mass television ownership. In the United States, beginning in 1914, the company's film production studios in Fort Lee and Jersey City, NJ, where their building still stands; the Heights, Jersey City produced the successful serialised episodes called The Perils of Pauline. By 1918 Pathé had grown to the point where it was necessary to separate operations into two distinct divisions. With Emile Pathé as chief executive, Pathé Records dealt with phonographs and recordings while brother Charles managed Pathé-Cinéma, responsible for film production and exhibition.
1922 saw the introduction o
Christophe Barratier is a French film producer and screenwriter, lyricist. Barratier is the son of the actress Eva M. Barratier, he is the nephew of the film director Jacques Perrin, an influence on his choice of career. Before being a filmmaker, Barratier studied a university course in classical music and guitar lessons, he graduated from the prestigious French public school École normale de Paris and won several international competition prizes. In 1991, Barratier got into his uncle Jacques Perrin's production firm, Galatée Films, where he learned the profession of producer; as line producer, he participated in making the films Microcosmos and Winged Migration. In 2001, he directed Les tombales, adapted from the Guy de Maupassant novel. Starring Lambert Wilson and Carole Weiss, the film, whose soundtrack was composed by Bruno Coulais, was selected for the Clermont-Ferrand international short film Festival, his first feature, The Chorus came out in 2004. An adaptation of the Jean Dréville movie, La cage aux rossignols, its scenario was jointly written with the screenwriter Philippe Lopes-Curval.
His second movie, Paris 36, is based on iconic films choreographed by Busby Berkeley and has a storyline of proletarians confronted to an opportunity such as in La belle équipe from Julien Duvivier. Alongside the producer Thomas Langmann, he started working on a new adaptation of War of the Buttons is an adaptation of La Guerre des boutons, based on the 1912 novel by Louis Pergaud, it is altered by being set during the German Occupation of France. It was co-written by Thomas Langmann, with financial participation by Canal Plus, it cost € 16 million. The film garnered over 1,5 million admissions, it is being distributed in the United States as The War of the Buttons. Following this, Barratier directed Team Spirit, which revisits the career of Jérôme Kerviel as a trader in the Société Générale company; the movie came out in June 2016. It marks a clear shift from his previous historically connoted movies, but seduces by its well-referenced nature and a realism acquired thanks to its roots into Jérôme Kerviel's biography, L'engrenage: mémoire d'un trader.
Team Spirit highlighted a mediated case while maintaining a storyline based on impartiality towards the man who presented himself as a victim of the banking system. In 2017, Barratier presented the adaptation of his first success, The Chorus, as a musical show produced in the Folies Bergères theatre. For his show, the children of La maîtrise des Hauts-de-Seine are the new singers of the filmmaker; the next year, he signed a new partnership with Pascal Obispo to stage the musical Jésus, de Nazareth à Jérusalem. Based on the greatest Hollywoodian movies, the musical dives into one of the most intense tales of humanity; the success of the musical The Chorus, presented in 2017 at the Folies Bergères in Paris, renewed interest in Canada for Barratier. Thanks to the Serge Denoncourt's staging and conjoint adaptation alongside Maryse Warda, Quebec obtained its own version of the musical on May 23, 2018, featuring ten young performers from Petit Chanteurs de Laval and the Mont-Royal choral groups. However, the setting and history still remained faithful to the original screenplay.
The success of this transposition from a French setting to Canadian one, illustrates how music and art in general can transcends geographical as well as emotional barriers. As the lyricist of The Chorus' song "Look To Your Path", Barratier was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song; the film was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film as well as eight César Awards, of which it won two. His second feature film, Paris 36, starring Gérard Jugnot and Nora Arnezeder, was nominated for Academy Award for Best Original Song and four César Awards. Christophe Barratier on IMDb
Jacques Perrin is a French actor and filmmaker. He is credited as Jacques Simonet. Simonet was Perrin his mother's. Perrin was born in Paris, his father, Alexandre Simonet, was a theatre director and his mother, Marie Perrin, was an actress. He is the nephew of the actor Antoine Balpêtré. Perrin was trained as an actor at the Conservatoire National Supérieur d'Art Dramatique, he gave by José-André Lacour, on the parisian stage. He was given his first juvenile film roles by Italian director Valerio Zurlini, he appeared alongside Claudia Cardinale in the romantic comedy La Ragazza con la valigia and Marcello Mastroianni in Family Diary. He played several roles in films of Henri-Georges Clouzot or Mauro Bolognini and leading roles in four films by Pierre Schoendoerffer: La 317e Section, Le Crabe-tambour, A Captain's Honor and Là-haut, un roi au dessus des nuages, he played in two musical movies by Jacques Demy: The Young Girls of Rochefort and Donkey Skin, both with Catherine Deneuve. He was the adult Salvatore in the international success Cinema Paradiso.
In 1966, he won two Best Actor awards at the Venice Film Festival, for the Italian film Almost a Man and the Spanish film The Search. At 27, he created a film production company and produced and acted in Z, directed by Costa-Gavras and starring Jean-Louis Trintignant, Yves Montand, Irene Papas. Z received the Best Foreign Film Oscar in 1969, he produced Costa-Gavras's films État de Siège in 1973 and Section spéciale in 1975. Both had political themes, as a producter, Perrin continued along this path with a documentary on the Algerian uprising and a film on the Chilean presidency of Salvador Allende. In 1973, Perrin produced the first film by Benoît Lamy, Home Sweet Home in which he starred alongside Claude Jade as his love interest; the movie received 14 international awards. In 1976, he produced another Oscar-winning film: La Victoire en chantant by director Jean-Jacques Annaud. A year he embarked on Le Désert des Tartaresas a producer and an actor, co-starring Trintignant again, but Max von Sydow, Vittorio Gassman and Philippe Noiret.
The film won the Grand Prix du Cinéma Français. Perrin devoted himself to nature documentary, he was the producer of Microcosmos in 1995 and producer and co-director of Le Peuple Migrateur in 2001, Océans in 2009 and Seasons in 2015. He played the role of the old Pierre Morhange, narrator of the internationally successful film The Chorus, that he produced; the young Pépinot was played by his son Maxence. Jacques Perrin has received numerous distinctions including that of the Commander of the Legion of Honour and Commander of the National Order of the Merit. In 2015, he became a member of the French Marine Painters and was promoted Commander as a reserve officer in the French Navy. In 2016, he received the prestigious Prix du Cinéma René Clair from the French Academy, he has three sons, born 1975, born 1995, Lancelot, born 2000. The two eldest are actors. Jacques Perrin on IMDb
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. is an American media company, involved in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs. One of the world's oldest film studios, MGM's headquarters are located at 245 North Beverly Drive in Beverly Hills, California. MGM was founded in 1924 when the entertainment entrepreneur Marcus Loew gained control of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, Louis B. Mayer Pictures. In 1971, it was announced that MGM was to merge with 20th Century Fox, but the plan never came to fruition. Over the next 39 years, the studio was bought and sold at various points in its history until, on November 3, 2010, MGM filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. MGM emerged from bankruptcy on December 20, 2010, at which time the executives of Spyglass Entertainment, Gary Barber and Roger Birnbaum, became co-chairmen and co-CEOs of the holding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer; as of 2017, MGM co-produces, co-finances, co-distributes a majority of its films with Sony Pictures, Paramount Pictures and Warner Bros.
MGM Resorts International, a Las Vegas-based hotel and casino company listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "MGM", was created in 1973 as a division of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. The company was spun out in 1979, with the studio's owner Kirk Kerkorian maintaining a large share, but it ended all affiliation with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1986. MGM was the last studio to convert to sound pictures, but in spite of this fact, from the end of the silent film era through the late 1950s, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer was the dominant motion picture studio in Hollywood. Always slow to respond to the changing legal and demographic nature of the motion picture industry during the 1950s and 1960s, although at times its films did well at the box office, the studio lost significant amounts of money throughout the 1960s. In 1966, MGM was sold to Canadian investor Edgar Bronfman Sr. whose son Edgar Jr. would buy Universal Studios. Three years an unprofitable MGM was bought by Kirk Kerkorian, who slashed staff and production costs, forced the studio to produce low-budget fare, shut down theatrical distribution in 1973.
The studio continued to produce five to six films a year that were released through other studios United Artists. Kerkorian did, commit to increased production and an expanded film library when he bought United Artists in 1981. MGM ramped up internal production, as well as keeping production going at UA, which included the lucrative James Bond film franchise, it incurred significant amounts of debt to increase production. The studio took on additional debt as a series of owners took charge in early 1990s. In 1986, Ted Turner bought MGM, but a few months sold the company back to Kerkorian to recoup massive debt, while keeping the library assets for himself; the series of deals left MGM more in debt. MGM was bought by Pathé Communications in 1990, but Parretti lost control of Pathé and defaulted on the loans used to purchase the studio; the French banking conglomerate Crédit Lyonnais, the studio's major creditor took control of MGM. More in debt, MGM was purchased by a joint venture between Kerkorian, producer Frank Mancuso, Australia's Seven Network in 1996.
The debt load from these and subsequent business deals negatively affected MGM's ability to survive as a separate motion picture studio. After a bidding war which included Time Warner and General Electric, MGM was acquired on September 23, 2004, by a partnership consisting of Sony Corporation of America, Texas Pacific Group, Providence Equity Partners, other investors. In 1924, movie theater magnate Marcus Loew had a problem, he had bought Metro Pictures Corporation in 1919 for a steady supply of films for his large Loew's Theatres chain. With Loew's lackluster assortment of Metro films, Loew purchased Goldwyn Pictures in 1924 to improve the quality. However, these purchases created a need for someone to oversee his new Hollywood operations, since longtime assistant Nicholas Schenck was needed in New York headquarters to oversee the 150 theaters. Approached by Louis B. Mayer, Loew addressed the situation by buying Louis B. Mayer Pictures on April 17, 1924. Mayer became head of the renamed Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, with Irving Thalberg as head of production.
MGM produced more than 100 feature films in its first two years. In 1925, MGM released the extravagant and successful Ben-Hur, taking a $4.7 million profit that year, its first full year. In 1925, MGM, Paramount Pictures and UFA formed a joint German distributor, Parufamet; when Samuel Goldwyn left he sued over the use of his name. Marcus Loew died in 1927, control of Loew's passed to Nicholas Schenck. In 1929, William Fox of Fox Film Corporation bought the Loew family's holdings with Schenck's assent. Mayer and Thalberg disagreed with the decision. Mayer was active in the California Republican Party and used his political connections to persuade the Justice Department to delay final approval of the deal on antitrust grounds. During this time, in the summer of 1929, Fox was badly hurt in an automobile accident. By the time he recovered, the stock market crash in the fall of 1929 had nearly wiped Fox out and ended any chance of the Loew's merger going through. Schenck and Mayer had never gotten along, the abortive Fox merger increased the animosity between the two men.
From the outset, MGM tapped into the audience's need for sophistication. Having inherited few big names from their predecessor companies and Thalberg began at once
A documentary film is a nonfictional motion picture intended to document some aspect of reality for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a historical record. "Documentary" has been described as a "filmmaking practice, a cinematic tradition, mode of audience reception", continually evolving and is without clear boundaries. Documentary films were called'actuality' films and were only a minute or less in length. Over time documentaries have evolved to be longer in length and to include more categories, such as educational and even'docufiction'. Documentaries are educational and used in schools to teach various principles. Social media platforms such as YouTube, have allowed documentary films to improve the ways the films are distributed and able to educate and broaden the reach of people who receive the information. Polish writer and filmmaker Bolesław Matuszewski was among those who identified the mode of documentary film, he wrote two of the earliest texts on cinema Une nouvelle source de l'histoire and La photographie animée.
Both were published in 1898 in French and among the early written works to consider the historical and documentary value of the film. Matuszewski is among the first filmmakers to propose the creation of a Film Archive to collect and keep safe visual materials. In popular myth, the word documentary was coined by Scottish documentary filmmaker John Grierson in his review of Robert Flaherty's film Moana, published in the New York Sun on 8 February 1926, written by "The Moviegoer". Grierson's principles of documentary were that cinema's potential for observing life could be exploited in a new art form. In this regard, Grierson's definition of documentary as "creative treatment of actuality" has gained some acceptance, with this position at variance with Soviet film-maker Dziga Vertov's provocation to present "life as it is" and "life caught unawares"; the American film critic Pare Lorentz defines a documentary film as "a factual film, dramatic." Others further state that a documentary stands out from the other types of non-fiction films for providing an opinion, a specific message, along with the facts it presents.
Documentary practice is the complex process of creating documentary projects. It refers to what people do with media devices, content and production strategies in order to address the creative and conceptual problems and choices that arise as they make documentaries. Documentary filmmaking can be used as a form of advocacy, or personal expression. Early film was dominated by the novelty of showing an event, they were single-shot moments captured on film: a train entering a station, a boat docking, or factory workers leaving work. These short films were called "actuality" films. Many of the first films, such as those made by Auguste and Louis Lumière, were a minute or less in length, due to technological limitations. Films showing many people were made for commercial reasons: the people being filmed were eager to see, for payment, the film showing them. One notable film clocked in at over an hour and The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight. Using pioneering film-looping technology, Enoch J. Rector presented the entirety of a famous 1897 prize-fight on cinema screens across the United States.
In May 1896, Bolesław Matuszewski recorded on film few surigical operations in Warsaw and Saint Petersburg hospitals. In 1898, French surgeon Eugène-Louis Doyen invited Bolesław Matuszewski and Clément Maurice and proposed them to recorded his surigical operations, they started in Paris a series of surgical films sometime before July 1898. Until 1906, the year of his last film, Doyen recorded more than 60 operations. Doyen said that his first films taught him how to correct professional errors he had been unaware of. For scientific purposes, after 1906, Doyen combined 15 of his films into three compilations, two of which survive, the six-film series Extirpation des tumeurs encapsulées, the four-film Les Opérations sur la cavité crânienne; these and five other of Doyen's films survive. Between July 1898 and 1901, the Romanian professor Gheorghe Marinescu made several science films in his neurology clinic in Bucharest: Walking Troubles of Organic Hemiplegy, The Walking Troubles of Organic Paraplegies, A Case of Hysteric Hemiplegy Healed Through Hypnosis, The Walking Troubles of Progressive Locomotion Ataxy, Illnesses of the Muscles.
All these short films have been preserved. The professor called his works "studies with the help of the cinematograph," and published the results, along with several consecutive frames, in issues of "La Semaine Médicale" magazine from Paris, between 1899 and 1902. In 1924, Auguste Lumiere recognized the merits of Marinescu's science films: "I've seen your scientific reports about the usage of the cinematograph in studies of nervous illnesses, when I was still receiving "La Semaine Médicale," but back I had other concerns, which left me no spare time to begin biological studies. I must say I am thankful to you that you reminded them to me. Not many scientists have followed your way." Travelogue films were popular in the early part of the 20th century. They were referred to by distributors as "scenics." Scenics were among the most popu
1996 Cannes Film Festival
The 49th Cannes Film Festival was held from 9 to 20 May 1996. The Palme d'Or went to Lies by Mike Leigh; the festival opened with Ridicule, directed by Patrice Leconte and closed with Flirting with Disaster, directed by David O. Russell. Sabine Azéma was the mistress of ceremonies; the following people were appointed as the Jury for the feature films of the 1996 Official Selection: Francis Ford Coppola Nathalie Baye Greta Scacchi, actrice Michael Ballhaus Henry Chapier Atom Egoyan Eiko Ishioka Krzysztof Piesiewicz Antonio Tabucchi Anh Hung Tran The following people were appointed as the Jury of the 1996 Camera d'Or: Françoise Fabian President Antoine Simkine Daniel Schmid Gian Luca Farinelli Jacques Kermabon Ramon Font Sandrine Gady The following feature films competed for the Palme d'Or: The following films were selected for the competition of Un Certain Regard: The following films were selected to be screened out of competition: The following short films competed for the Short Film Palme d'Or: The following films were screened for the 35th International Critics' Week:Feature film competition Short film competition The following films were screened for the 1996 Directors' Fortnight: Short films The following films and people received the 1996 Official selection awards: Palme d'Or: Secrets & Lies by Mike Leigh Grand Prize of the Jury: Breaking the Waves by Lars von Trier Best Director: Joel Coen for Fargo Best Screenplay: Un héros très discret by Jacques Audiard, Alain Le Henry Best Actress: Brenda Blethyn for Secrets & Lies Best Actor: Daniel Auteuil and Pascal Duquenne for Le huitième jour Jury Special Prize: Crash by David CronenbergGolden Camera Caméra d'Or: Love Serenade by Shirley BarrettShort films Short Film Palme d'Or: Szél by Marcell Iványi Jury Prize: Small Deaths by Lynne Ramsay FIPRESCI Prizes Secrets & Lies by Mike Leigh Prisoner of the Mountains by Sergei Bodrov The Mail & The Ferry by Laila Pakalnina Commission Supérieure Technique Technical Grand Prize: The whole technical team for MicrocosmosEcumenical Jury Prize of the Ecumenical Jury: Secrets & Lies by Mike Leigh Ecumenical Jury - Special Mention: A Drifting Life by Cheng-sheng Lin & Drifting Clouds by Aki KaurismäkiAward of the Youth Foreign Film: White Night by Arnon Zadok French Film: Les aveux de l'innocent by Jean-Pierre AmérisAwards in the frame of International Critics' Week Mercedes-Benz Award: Les aveux de l'innocent by Jean-Pierre Améris Canal+ Award: Planet Man by Andrew BancroftAward the First Multimedia Day at the 49th Cannes Film festival Best Cyber Poster Award in the First Multimedia Day at the 49th Cannes Film Festival in 1996: The Visionary by Beny Tchaicovsky</ref> INA: Opening of the 1996 Festival INA: List of winners of the 1996 festival 1996 Cannes Film Festival Official website Retrospective 1996 Cannes Film Festival Awards for 1996 at Internet Movie Database
Kristin Scott Thomas
Dame Kristin Ann Scott Thomas is an English actress. Five times a BAFTA Award nominee and five-times Olivier Award nominee, she won the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Four Weddings and a Funeral and the Olivier Award for Best Actress in 2008 for the Royal Court revival of The Seagull, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for The English Patient. Scott Thomas made her film debut in the Prince-directed Under the Cherry Moon, won the Evening Standard Film Award for Most Promising Newcomer for A Handful of Dust, she has worked in French cinema, including in The Valet, Tell No One, Love Crime, Sarah's Key, won the European Film Award for Best Actress for Philippe Claudel's I've Loved You So Long. Her other films include Bitter Moon, Mission: Impossible, The Horse Whisperer, Gosford Park, Nowhere Boy, Only God Forgives, Darkest Hour, Tomb Raider. Scott Thomas was born in Cornwall, her mother, was brought up in Hong Kong and Africa, studied drama before marrying Kristin's father, Lieutenant Commander Simon Scott Thomas, a pilot in the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm who died in a flying accident when Kristin was aged five.
She is the elder sister of actress Serena Scott Thomas, the niece of Admiral Sir Richard Thomas, the great-great-niece of the ill-fated explorer Captain Scott, who lost the race to the South Pole. Scott Thomas was brought up as a Roman Catholic, her childhood home was in Trent, England. Her mother remarried, to another Royal Navy pilot, Lt Cdr Simon Idiens who died in a flying accident, flying a Phantom FG1 off the North Cornwall coast, six years after the death of her father. Scott Thomas was educated at Cheltenham Ladies' College and St Antony's Leweston in Sherborne, both independent schools. On leaving school in 1978, she moved to Hampstead and worked in a department store, she began training to become a drama teacher at the Central School of Speech and Drama, enrolling on a B. Ed in Speech and Drama. During her time at the school, she was refused. After a year at Central, speaking French fluently, she decided to move to Paris as an au-pair and studied acting at the École nationale supérieure des arts et techniques du théâtre.
At age 25, was cast opposite pop star Prince as Mary Sharon, a French heiress, in the 1986 film Under the Cherry Moon. Her breakthrough role was in a 1988 adaptation of Evelyn Waugh's A Handful of Dust, where she won an Evening Standard British Film Award for most promising newcomer; this was followed by roles opposite Hugh Grant in Bitter Moon and Four Weddings and a Funeral where she won a BAFTA for Best Supporting Actress. In 1994, she starred in the Romanian-French film An Unforgettable Summer, in which she played Marie-Thérèse Von Debretsy. Rather than learn Romanian for the part, she read her lines phonetically, she had all the lines translated into French, which she speaks fluently, so she knew what she was saying. In a 2002 interview for WENN, Kristin stated that this is the film that she is most proud of and that she views it as the peak of her career. In an interview for Gloucester Citizen on 22 March 2015, she cited An Unforgettable Summer as one of the films that she's most proud of alongside The English Patient and Only God Forgives.1996 saw the release of her most famous role as Katharine Clifton in The English Patient, which gained her Golden Globe and Oscar nominations as well as critical acclaim.
This was followed by a brief period working in Hollywood on films such as The Horse Whisperer with Robert Redford and Random Hearts with Harrison Ford. However, growing disillusioned with Hollywood, she took a year off to give birth to her third child, she returned to the stage in 2001 when she played the title role in a French theatre production of Racine's Berenice and on screen as Lady Sylvia McCordle in Robert Altman's critically acclaimed Gosford Park. This started a critically acclaimed second career on stage, in which she has received four nominations for a Laurence Olivier Award for Best Actress, including one win, for her performance of Arkadina in a London West End production of Anton Chekhov's The Seagull, she reprised the role in New York in September 2008. In summer 2011, Scott Thomas returned to London's West End to star as Emma in Harold Pinter's Betrayal at the Comedy Theatre; the revival was directed by Ian Rickson. Her husband was played by Ben Miles and the love triangle was completed by Douglas Henshall.
In January 2013, she starred in Old Times, again directed by Ian Rickson. In 2014, she appeared at The Old Vic in the title role of Sophocles's Electra. Scott Thomas has acted in French films. In 2006, she played the role of Hélène, in French, in Ne le dis à personne, by French director Guillaume Canet. In 2008, Scott Thomas received many accolades for her performance in Il y a longtemps que je t'aime, including BAFTA and Golden Globe nominations for Best Actress. In 2009 she played the role of a wife. In Sarah's Key — the story of the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup — Scott Thomas starred as an American journalist in Paris who discovers that the flat her husband is renovating for them was once the home of an evicted Jewish family. Other roles include the role of Elizabeth Boleyn, Countess of Wiltshire and Ormond, mother of Henry VIII's second wife Anne, in The Other Boleyn Girl, the role of a fashion magazine creator and editor in the film Confessio